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Results 701 - 750 of 5599
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Kudsi Omar Yusef - - 2012
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that alcohol metabolism is altered after weight-loss surgery (WLS), with a few studies suggesting a high prevalence of postoperative problem drinking. However, many of these studies were methodologically limited by lack of preoperative alcohol use data, high loss to follow-up, and/or nonsystematic ascertainment of alcohol ...
Andersen E S - - 2012
Variations in bladder position, shape and volume cause uncertainties in the doses delivered to this organ during a course of radiotherapy for pelvic tumors. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential of dose accumulation based on repeat imaging and deformable image registration (DIR) to improve the accuracy ...
Pina M Fatima - - 2012
Paroxetine hydrochloride (HCl) is an anti-depressant drug, reported to exist in the anhydrous form (Form II) and as a stable hemihydrate (Form I). In this study, we investigate the hydration behaviour of paroxetine HCl Form II with a view to understanding both the nature of the interaction with water and ...
Han Rongfei - - 2012
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a fundamental process governing morphogenesis in multicellular organisms and has recently been implicated in promoting carcinoma invasion and metastasis. Besides their therapeutic effects, accumulating evidences suggest that chemotherapeutic agents also induced EMT and enhanced the malignancy of treated cancer cells; however, the mechanism(s) still remains ...
McDonald S D - - 2012
AIMS: Compared with women with uncomplicated pregnancies, women with a history of pre-eclampsia have two to five times the risk of cardiovascular disease. It is not known whether this risk is related to albuminuria, a known cardiovascular risk factor that is part of the definition of pre-eclampsia and that often ...
Pedrero Zoyne - - 2012
Microbial activity is recognised to play an important role on Hg methylation in aquatic ecosystems. However, the mechanism at the cellular level is still poorly understood. In this work subcellular partitioning and transformation of Hg species in two strains: Desulfovibrio sp. BerOc1 and Desulfovibrio desulfuricans G200 (which exhibit different Hg ...
Loko Marc-Arthur - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe changes in repeated liver stiffness (LS) measurements and to assess the determinants of increase in LS in HIV-HCV-coinfected patients. METHODS: HIV-HCV-coinfected adults enrolled in the ANRS CO 13 HEPAVIH cohort, for whom two results of LS, evaluated over ≥24 months, were ...
Williams Leslie K - - 2012
The increasing prevalence of diabetes has accelerated the search for new drugs derived from natural sources. To define the functional features of two such families of compounds, the flavonols and the ethyl caffeates, we have determined the high-resolution structures of representative inhibitors in complex with human pancreatic α-amylase. Myricetin binds ...
Breton Daniel James - - 2012
We describe a microcontroller-based ice core melting and data logging system allowing simultaneous depth co-registration of a continuous flow analysis (CFA) system (for microparticle and conductivity measurement) and a discrete sample analysis system (for geochemistry and microparticles), both supplied from the same melted ice core section. This hybrid melting system ...
Zhao Shuangshuang - - 2012
In this paper, an optical accelerometer based on grating interferometer with phase modulation technique is proposed. This device architecture consists of a laser diode, a sensing chip and an optoelectronic processing circuit. The sensing chip is a sandwich structure, which is composed of a grating, a piezoelectric translator and a ...
Häkli Sanna - - 2012
The age at onset and the severity of hearing impairment (HI) varies widely among subjects and within families with the m.1555A>G mutation in mitochondrial DNA. We examined prospectively the hearing of 19 children in three nuclear families of a pedigree with m.1555A>G during a period of 7.8 years. The children ...
Ismail Z - - 2012
Descemet membrane detachment (DMD) is a rare but potentially serious surgical complication that arises most often during cataract surgery. A recent study (Couch, S. M. & Baratz, K. H. (2009) Cornea, 28, 1160-1163) cited the case of a patient with DMDs in both eyes, noting that though one detachment was ...
Stahl Wilhelm - - 2012
Protection against skin damage from sunlight by nutritional means has been examined. Likewise, there has been work on the topical application of phytochemicals to the skin. This review focuses on the nutritional aspect of phytochemicals in humans-ie, the provision of carotenoid micronutrients by dietary means to the skin and their ...
Mori Issei - - 2012
When too few photons reach detector elements, strong streaks appear through paths of high X-ray attenuation and an image becomes completely useless. This photon starvation artifact phenomenon occurs frequently when a pelvis or shoulder is scanned with thin slices. The common understanding regarding photon starvation streaks is that they are ...
Ogbuanu Chinelo - - 2012
We examined factors associated with children's access to quality health care, a major concern in Georgia, identified through the 2010 Title V Needs Assessment. Data from the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health were merged with the 2008 Area Resource File and Health Resources and Services Administration medically underserved area ...
Chitcholtan Kenny - - 2012
The structure and function of membrane-wall attachment sites in walled cells, and how these relate to animal focal adhesions, is an area that is poorly understood. In view of this, we investigated how membrane-wall attachments that form upon plasmolysis, respond to peptides that disrupt animal focal adhesions. The degree of ...
Guan Zheng-Hui - - 2012
A Pd-catalyzed regioselective C-H bond carbonylation of N-alkyl anilines for the synthesis of isatoic anhydrides has been developed. The key Pd-catalyst intermediate has been isolated and characterized. This novel Pd-catalyzed carbonylation reaction tolerates a wide range of functional groups and is a reliable method for the rapid elaboration of readily ...
Agmon-Levin Nancy - - 2012
The elevated cardiovascular morbidity in rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and the antiphospholipid syndrome is well known, as well as the pulmonary involvement observed in these conditions and to a major extent in systemic sclerosis. These manifestations constitute a major challenge for clinicians involved in patient management. Moreover, several issues ...
Coco Daniela - - 2012
A novel soybean-infecting begomovirus from Brazil was identified in Jaíba, in the state of Minas Gerais, and molecularly characterized. By using rolling-circle amplification-based cloning of viral DNAs, three DNA-A variants and a cognate DNA-B were isolated from infected samples. The DNA variants share more than 98 % sequence identity but have ...
Ganesan Latha P - - 2012
It has long been known that the ITIM-bearing IgG Fc receptor (FcγRIIb, RIIb) is expressed on liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSEC) and that the liver is the major site of small immune complex (SIC) clearance. Thus, we proposed that RIIb of LSEC eliminates blood-borne SIC, thereby controlling immune complex-mediated autoimmune ...
Sisler Jeffrey J - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study examines at a population level how colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors evaluate the continuity and quality of their follow-up care after treatment, particularly for those in the care of a primary care provider (PCP). METHODS: A survey was mailed in 2010 to all individuals in Manitoba, Canada diagnosed ...
Ng Chee-Hoe - - 2012
Mutations in parkin and LRRK2 together account for the majority of familial Parkinson's disease (PD) cases. Interestingly, recent evidence implicates the involvement of parkin and LRRK2 in mitochondrial homeostasis. Supporting this, we show here by means of the Drosophila model system that, like parkin, LRRK2 mutations induce mitochondrial pathology in ...
Timsit Edouard - - 2012
Mycoplasma bovis is an important cause of bovine respiratory disease (BRD) in newly received cattle at fattening operations. However, little information on its within-pen transmission dynamics during a BRD outbreak is available. Such information is nevertheless crucial to adapt control measures during M. bovis-associated BRD outbreaks. The objective of the ...
Paraknowitsch Jens Peter - - 2012
Carbon materials that are intrinsically co-doped with nitrogen and sulfur heteroatoms are synthesised by facile annealing of nitrile-functionalised thiazolium salts. Extremely high degrees of doping are achieved, especially for sulfur. The method further allows for direct tuning of the amounts of both N and S, establishing a new synthetic pathway ...
Zhao Jin-Cheng - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Gallstone ileus is an uncommon cause for small bowel obstruction. Less than 3 % of cases are due to a gallstone impacted in the duodenum or pylorus resulting in a gastric outlet obstruction, described by Bouveret in 1896 [4]. Most of the successful therapeutic maneuvers described involve open surgical removal ...
Mikata Rintaro - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cytological examination of pancreatic juice obtained during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is well established, but its sensitivity for pancreatic cancer has not been satisfactory. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of repeated pancreatic juice cytology (PJC) via the endoscopic naso-pancreatic drainage (ENPD) tube in patients ...
Li Huibin - - 2012
Algorithms used to compensate the radon and thoron progeny's interference are one of the key technologies for continuous air monitors (CAMs). In this study, a CAM that can automatically change filter was manufactured, and equations used to calculate the transuranic aerosol concentration and the corresponding critical level were derived. The ...
Lee Do Yup do - - 2012
Understanding the biological effects and biochemical mechanisms of low-dose ionizing radiation (LDIR) is important for setting exposure limits for the safe use of nuclear power and medical diagnostic procedures. Although several studies have highlighted the effects of ionizing radiation on metabolism, most studies have focused on uniform genetic mouse populations. ...
Tong Yanqing - - 2012
Abstract Background: Many Chinese herbal formulations are used in the treatment of urinary tract infection. Clinical isolates of Escherichia coli (E. coli) resistant to Chinese herbs have been identified rarely. Report here is a case in which Chinese herbs-resistant E. coli isolate was identified. Case: The strain of E. coli ...
Kruger Paul C - - 2012
Iron overload occurs in many haematologic disorders and causes significant morbidity. The advantages of magnetic resonance imaging in quantifying liver iron concentration continue to mount and the association between iron overload and increased mortality post allogeneic stem cell transplant needs further attention.
Daimiel Lidia A - - 2012
3β-hydroxysterol Δ24-reductase (DHCR24) catalyzes the reduction of the C-24 double bond of sterol intermediates during cholesterol biosynthesis. DHCR24 has also been involved in cell growth, senescence and cellular response to oncogenic and oxidative stress. Despite its important roles, little is known about the transcriptional mechanisms controlling DHCR24 gene expression. We ...
Samant Bhupesh S - - 2012
A series of quinoline-3-carboxylic acid derivatives has been synthesized with easy reaction conditions (in aqueous micellar microreactors and using microwave irradiation) and tested for its biological activity against human African trypanosomiasis (HAT). From this series, several derivatives of quinoline-3-carboxylic acid such as 23 and 24 exhibited potent activity against Trypanosoma ...
Lu Tongxiang - - 2012
A simple electrostatic model explains the enhanced stereoselectivity of N-oxide catalyzed allylations compared to propargylations, which in turn explicates the dearth of stereoselective N-oxide propargylation catalysts. These results suggest that N-oxide catalysts that are effective for both allylations and propargylations can be designed by targeting inherently stereoselective ligand configurations and ...
Brinkmann Christian - - 2012
Peroxiredoxins (PRDXs) are multifunctional proteins that have recently received much attention. They are part of the endogenous antioxidative capacity and function as efficient scavengers, especially for hydrogen peroxides. Studies show that physical training can induce an upregulation of PRDX isoform contents in the long term. This might help counteract chronic ...
Davis Philip J B - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Controversy still exists on the effect that obesity has on the morbidity and mortality in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). The primary purpose of this study was to compare the mortality rate of obese versus nonobese patients admitted to the ICU for SAP. Secondary goals were to assess the potential ...
Mayor Alfredo - - 2012
Background. Evidence of the presence of Plasmodium vivax in the placenta is scarce and inconclusive. This information is relevant to understanding whether P. vivax affects placental function and how it may contribute to poor pregnancy outcomes.Methods. Histopathological examination of placental biopsies from 80 Papua New Guinean pregnant women was combined with quantitative ...
Mendillo Christopher B - - 2012
We present flight results from the optical pointing control system onboard the Planetary Imaging Concept Testbed Using a Rocket Experiment (PICTURE) sounding rocket. PICTURE (NASA mission number: 36.225 UG) was launched on 8 October 2011, from White Sands Missile Range. It attempted to directly image the exozodiacal dust disk of ...
Sathe Priyanka - - 2012
The developmental origin of interferon-producing plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) has been uncertain. We tracked the development of pDC in cultures of bone marrow precursors stimulated with Flt3 ligand. Common myeloid precursors (CMP) produced both conventional DC (cDC) and pDC, via the DC-restricted common DC precursor (CDP). Common lymphoid precursors (CLP) ...
Hunt Brendan G - - 2012
Variation in protein sequence and gene expression each contribute to phenotypic diversity, and may be subject to similar selective pressures. Eusocial insects are particularly useful for investigating the evolutionary link between protein sequence and condition-dependent patterns of gene expression because gene expression plays a central role in determining differences between ...
Pauli Eric M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, self-expanding enteral stents have gained popularity and shown therapeutic potential for strictures, obstructions, fistulae, and perforations of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Currently available stent delivery systems make deployment in many locations in the GI tract difficult due to the inability to traverse curves or ...
Béraud Dawn - - 2012
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common age-related neurodegenerative disorder typified by tremor, rigidity, akinesia and postural instability due in part to the loss of dopamine within the nigrostriatal system. The pathologic features of this disorder include the loss of substantia nigra dopamine neurons and attendant striatal terminals, the ...
Kulmala A - - 2012
The signal of the dosimetric detector is generally dependent on the shape and size of the sensitive volume of the detector. In order to optimize the performance of the detector and reliability of the output signal the effect of the detector size should be corrected or, at least, taken into ...
Bogen Kenneth T - - 2012
Average rates of total dermal uptake (K(up) ) from short-term (e.g., bathing) contact with dilute aqueous organic chemicals (DAOCs) are typically estimated from steady-state in vitro diffusion-cell measures of chemical permeability (K(p) ) through skin into receptor solution. Widely used ("PCR-vitro") methods estimate K(up) by applying diffusion theory to increase ...
Nakanishi Nozomi - - 2012
Oxidative DNA lesions inhibit the transcription of RNA polymerase II, but in the presence of transcription elongation factors, the transcription can bypass the lesions. Single-subunit mitochondrial RNA polymerase (mtRNAP) catalyses the synthesis of essential transcripts in mitochondria where reactive oxidative species (ROS) are generated as by-products. The occurrence of RNA ...
Steinvil A - - 2012
Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is extensively used as a tool for pregnancy achievement in subfertile couples. Congenital and acquired thrombophilias have been suggested by some investigators to play a role in abnormal embryo implantation and placentation. The objective of this study was to assess the role of common thrombophilias in ...
Batwa Waeil - - 2012
Objective :  To determine if lip asymmetry can affect lip aesthetics. Setting and Participants :  A group of dentists (n = 40) and cleft patients (n = 40) were recruited from the dental hospital and cleft service. Interventions :  Still photographic digital images of lips and teeth were manipulated to ...
Amemiya Kuniaki - - 2012
Porous nickel-phosphorus (NiP) black surfaces exhibit excellent low reflectance in the visible and near-IR regions. Through use of a model of the surface morphology and composition, the reflectance was numerically simulated by a three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain method to determine the origin of the low reflectance. In agreement with experimental results, ...
Wang Dejiang - - 2012
The signal-to-noise ratio and the dynamic range are the two key parameters characterizing CCD performance, especially in remote sensing applications. After exploring the possible sources of CCD noise, this paper analyzes the impacts of the analog gain on the two parameters, respectively, and establishes the mathematical models describing their relationships. ...
Steiropoulos P - - 2012
We evaluated mean platelet volume (MPV; an indicator of vascular risk) and platelet distribution width in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; n = 85). We also included a control group of 34 smokers without airflow limitation. Mean platelet volume was significantly higher in patients with COPD (10.69 ...
Gao Fan - - 2012
We have developed an absorption spectrum based molecular ruler that measures the distance between two mercapto groups. The conformation of the molecular rulers changes with the distance, which induces an absorption spectrum change. DFT calculation has been carried out to elucidate the relation between the molecular conformation and the absorption ...
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