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Fang Xiao-Yong - - 2012
This study simulates thermal conductivity via a carrier scattering mechanism and the related parameters are obtained based on first principles for intrinsic and doped silicon carbide (SiC) over a temperature range of 300-1450 K. The theoretical analysis results show that the thermal conductivity decreases with increasing temperature along each orientation for ...
Chen Zhi-Feng - - 2012
A sensitive and robust method using solid-phase extraction and ultrasonic extraction for preconcentration followed by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS-MS) has been developed for determination of 19 biocides: eight azole fungicides (climbazole, clotrimazole, ketoconazole, miconazole, fluconazole, itraconazole, thiabendazole, and carbendazim), two insect repellents (N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (DEET), and icaridin (also known ...
Lee Min Jung - - 2012
Abstract Background: Increased oxidative stress contributes to the development of arterial stiffness. Arterial stiffness, as measured by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), has been known to be correlated with oxidative stress. Serum ceruloplasmin (CP), a copper-carrying protein, may indicate the overall level of oxidative stress in the body. The present ...
Gómez Eduardo J - - 2012
The politics of government response to health epidemics is a new area of scholarly research. Nevertheless, to date scholars have not considered how social science theory can be used and interdependently linked to provide a more thorough discussion of civil societal and national government response to different types of health ...
Bonderman D - - 2012
Precapillary pulmonary hypertension (PH) is diagnosed when mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) equals or exceeds 25 mmHg and the pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) is equal or lower than 15 mmHg. Because both parameters can only be derived from invasive hemodynamic assessment, right heart catheter (RHC) is still a gold ...
Bierbaum Stefanie - - 2012
Unexpected changes during gait challenge elderly individuals to a greater degree than young adults. However, the adaptive potential of elderly seems to be retained, and therefore, the training of the mechanisms of dynamic stability as well as muscle strength training may improve the dynamic stability after unexpected perturbations. Thirty-eight subjects ...
Wang Guoxiang - - 2012
Five novel antimicrobial peptides (temporin-LK1, rugosin-LK1, rugosin-LK2, gaegurin-LK1, and gaegurin-LK2) are purified and characterized from Kuhl's wart frog skin secretions, Limnonectes kuhlii. They share obvious similarity to temporin, rugosin, and gaegurin antimicrobial peptide family, respectively. Their amino acid sequences were determined by Edman degradation and mass spectrometry, and further confirmed ...
Long Hélène - - 2012
New proposals for the diagnosis of gestational diabetes (GDM), promulgated by the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG), will substantially increase the number of women diagnosed with GDM. This will have an enormous impact on healthcare resources, diverting attention away from genuinely high risk diabetic pregnancies. Randomized ...
Tsang Raymond S W - - 2012
This study examined serogroup B meningococci (MenB) from invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) cases in the provinces of Québec and Ontario in the last decade by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) to determine their sequence types (STs) and clonal complexes (CCs). Forty isolates from individual MenB IMD cases were found to belong ...
Zhu Shugao - - 2012
We report in this paper an interesting sequential reaction involving sequential Sonogashira coupling, propargyl-allenyl isomerization, [4 + 2] cycloaddition and aromatization reaction, which provides a facile method for the synthesis of a variety of polycyclic isoindoline derivatives from easily accessible starting materials.
Allario Thierry - - 2012
Whole-genome duplication, or polyploidy, is common in many plant species and often leads to better adaptation to adverse environmental condition. However, little is known about the physiological and molecular determinants underlying adaptation. We examined the drought tolerance in diploid (2x) and autotetraploid (4x) clones of Rangpur lime (Citrus limonia) rootstocks ...
Maia Berta R - - 2012
The role of perfectionism as a correlate and as a predictor of perinatal depressive symptomatology and disorder was examined. Three-hundred and eighty-six pregnant women (mean age = 30.08 years; SD = 4.205; range = 19-44) completed the Portuguese versions of the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, Beck Depression Inventory-II/BDI-II and three questions evaluating anxiety trait, life stress and social ...
Lütgendorf-Caucig C - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In pediatric Hodgkin's lymphoma (PHL) improvements in imaging and multiagent chemotherapy have allowed for a reduction in target volume. The involved-node (IN) concept is being tested in several treatment regimens for adult Hodgkin's lymphoma. So far there is no consensus on the definition of the IN. To ...
Hesse Daniela - - 2012
Chronic otitis media is a common disease often accompanied by recurrent bacterial infections. These may lead to the destruction of the middle ear bones such that prostheses have to be implanted to restore sound transmission. Surface coatings with layered double hydroxides (LDHs) are evaluated here as a possibility for drug ...
Perdigão João - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The development and transmission of extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis (TB) constitutes a serious threat to the effective control of TB in several countries. Here, in an attempt to further elucidate the dynamics of the acquisition of resistance to second-line drugs and investigate an eventual role for eis promoter mutations ...
Zheng Shaolin - - 2012
The aim of this paper is to propose a method for designing aspheric spectacles capable of realizing good optical performance at both far and near vision for presbyopia. We have experimentally measured wavefront aberrations and axial lengths for eight myopic eyes. In consideration of the field of view (FOV), the ...
Li Tenghao - - 2012
Two modified Fried wavefront reconstructors are proposed, both based on an enhanced geometry that combines and balances those of Fried and Hudgin with an additional weight. The optimal weights for both of them are derived with the analytical frequency response functions, which can provide near-unity spatial frequency response over broad ...
Canpolat Nur - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its relation to risk factors, particularly hypertension in juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: A total of 24 patients with normal renal function were examined for subclinical CVD by using non-invasive methods, including ...
Ostadal Petr - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Several percutaneous circulatory support systems have been recently introduced into clinical practice for the treatment of cardiogenic shock or refractory non-tolerated ventricular tachycardia, in support of high-risk catheter interventions and occasionally, cardiopulmonary resuscitation. To date, however, a direct comparison of the available systems has not been performed. METHODS AND ...
Ha Andrew C T - - 2012
Improvement of symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are important treatment goals in the management of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). For patients with symptomatic AF, catheter ablation is a commonly performed therapy for rhythm control. As a result, accurate documentation of the changes in HRQoL for these patients ...
Ueda Kazuhiro - - 2012
Background The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of anatomical transposition of the remaining right middle lobe after right upper lobectomy and the effect of this transposition on postoperative global pulmonary function.Methods We correlated the postoperative pulmonary anatomical change with the functional change in patients undergoing right upper ...
Swiersy Anka - - 2012
Foamy viruses (FVs), a unique type of retroviruses, are characterized by several unusual features in their replication strategy. FVs, common to all non-human primates and several other species, display an extremely broad tropism in vitro. Basically all mammalian cells and species examined, but also cells of amphibian or bird origin, ...
Okamura Hiroyuki - - 2012
An intramolecular cooperative extraction system for the removal of strontium cations (Sr2+) from water using a novel macrocyclic receptor (H2βDA18C6) composed of diaza-18-crown-6 and two β-diketone fragments in ionic liquid (IL) is reported together with X-ray spectroscopic characterization of the resulting extracted complexes in the IL and chloroform phases. The ...
Tuinstra Hannah M - - 2012
After injury to the central nervous system, a glial scar develops that physically and biochemically inhibits axon growth. In the scar, activated astrocytes secrete inhibitory extracellular matrix, of which chondroitin sulphate proteoglycans (CSPGs) are considered the major inhibitory component. An inhibitory interface of CSPGs forms around the lesion and prevents ...
Volpe Veronica - - 2012
The interaction between legumes and arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi is vital to the development of sustainable plant production systems. Here, we focus on a putative MYB-like (LjMAMI) transcription factor (TF) previously reported to be highly upregulated in Lotus japonicus mycorrhizal roots. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that the protein is related to ...
Slootweg Pieter J - - 2012
Fibro-osseous lesions are characterized by the presence of bone marrow that has changed into fibrous tissue and that contains mineralized material of varying appearances. Because of overlapping clinical, radiological, and histopathological features, their classification has evoked much discussion. The current classification recognizes fibrous dysplasia, ossifying fibroma, and osseous dysplasia. Juvenile ...
Jiao Shuang - - 2012
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-II play major roles in the regulation of skeletal muscle growth and differentiation, and both are locally expressed in muscle cells. Recent studies have demonstrated that IGF-II up-regulates its own gene expression during myogenesis and this auto-regulatory loop is critical for muscle differentiation. How local ...
Petrecca Kevin - - 2012
Glioblastomas (GBM) are highly motile cancers that invade through normal brain. In the absence of curative chemotherapy this invasion, beyond surgical and radiotherapy margins, to distant brain sites is thought to be an important cause of treatment failure. Paradoxically, studies analyzing failure patterns have consistently shown that the large majority ...
Li Kai - - 2012
In our previous work, antibacterial activity of plasma sprayed Ca(2)ZnSi(2)O(7) coating has been demonstrated. However, antibacterial mechanism of Ca(2)ZnSi(2)O(7) coating still remains undefined. In this study, Escherichia coli (E. coli), a kind of Gram-negative bacteria, was chosen to investigate the interactions between the bacterium and Ca(2)ZnSi(2)O(7) coating. Scanning electron microscopy ...
Moriyama Katsuhiko - - 2012
The intramolecular aminohydroxylation of N-alkenylsulfonamindes proceeded under heavy metal-free conditions to give substituted prolinol derivatives in high yields. Catalytic Bronsted acid-activated Oxone worked well as an electrophilic oxidant for this reaction.
Milovancevic Milica Pejovic - - 2012
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystemic, autoimmune disease of unknown etiology, which affects multiple organ systems, including the central nervous system (CNS). Neuropsychiatric manifestations are seen in 13-75 % of all SLE patients, with equal frequency in children and adults. Despite a high prevalence of psychiatric manifestations, there is no ...
Wanebo Harold J - - 2012
An overview of colorectal cancer discussed (Philip Paty) the good outcome after primary management with local control in 90-95 % of colon and 85 % in rectal cancer patients with major progression to metastases and to death related to hematogenous dissemination. The major disease pathways include the APC, aneuploid pathway involving mutations ...
Ji Yong-Il - - 2012
Thymosin β4 (Tβ4), a small acidic actin binding peptide, is overexpressed in a side population of cancer stem cells and CD133-positive colorectal cancer stem cells. In order to understand the relationship between Tβ4 and CD133, we studied the expression patterns of Tβ4 and CD133 in ovarian cancers. The expression patterns ...
Kuo Yen-Ling - - 2012
Abstract Conclusion: Partial laryngopharyngectomy (PLP) provides acceptable oncologic results and laryngeal preservation rate in selected patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx. Even when local recurrence develops, the chance of successful salvage is still high. Objectives: To evaluate the oncologic results and laryngeal preservation rate in patients with squamous ...
Ramel Maria-Elena - - 2012
A distinct sobemovirus was isolated from diseased Artemisia annua plants grown in experimental culture plots in Switzerland. Electron microscopy performed on extracts of leaf and root samples of a diseased A. annua plant revealed icosahedral-30 nm viral particles. The complete nucleotide sequence of the viral genome was determined. The single positive-strand ...
Ishiyama Mitsutomi - - 2012
Duodenal stenosis due to periduodenal hematoma is a rare condition. Although clinical presentations should vary among causes, symptoms of duodenal stenosis due to periduodenal hematoma commonly include abdominal pain, nausea, or vomiting. We describe three cases of duodenal stenosis due to periduodenal hematoma with similar clinical courses. All patients had ...
Hunter Luke - - 2012
Backbone-fluorinated amino acids exhibit unique conformational behaviour, and have potential utility as components of bioactive shape-controlled peptides. However, methods for the elaboration of backbone-fluorinated amino acids have thus far been limited to solution phase peptide coupling reactions. In this paper, protocols are developed that allow the successful manipulation of backbone-fluorinated ...
Liu Junxia - - 2012
If you've got it, use it: Malic acid is converted into dimethyl malonate by a direct, one-pot process. The process is cyanide- and halide-free. Phosphovanadomolybdates serve as bifunctional catalysts, effecting the oxidative decarboxylation and esterification in a consecutive manner. Oxidative CC bond cleavage first forms hemiacetals. The results serve as ...
Samuelsson Kristian - - 2012
BACKGROUND:There have been numerous studies on anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Considering the vast number of studies, a quick assessment reveals rather few with a high level of evidence. PURPOSE:The primary aim was to categorize the study type and level of evidence of studies on primary ACL reconstruction by applying ...
Li Lei - - 2012
Polymeric onions: A concept of vesicle fabrication based on nonstoichiometric complexation of a polybase with an amphiphilic ligand bearing a sulfonic acid group is reported. In contrast to conventional polymersomes, the polymer backbones are oriented mainly parallel to the vesicle walls. The vesicles can collapse under UV irradiation because of ...
Lemons Jennifer - - 2012
Despite the intrinsic role religious/spiritual (hereafter, R/S) beliefs have in patient clinical decision-making and crisis coping, there is little research exploring the relationship that exists between clergy (professionals who provide R/S counsel and guidance) and genetic counseling patients. This qualitative, exploratory study was designed to explore Protestant clergy (N = 8) perceptions ...
Szabo Melinda - - 2012
Haplotype tagging SNPs of interleukin-23 receptor gene rs1004819, rs7517847, rs7530511, rs2201841, rs1343151 and rs10889677 were determined in 396 patients with rheumatoid arthritis, 190 patients with Crohn's disease, 206 patients with ankylosing spondylitis and 182 controls. Using regression analysis models the rs1004819, rs2201841, and rs10889677 SNPs were found to confer risk ...
Zhao Daqiu - - 2012
Herbaceous peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.) is an important ornamental plant which contains different flower colors. In this paper, eight genes encoding phenylalanine ammonialyase (PAL), chalcone synthase (CHS), chalcone isomerase (CHI), flavanone 3-hydroxylase (F3H), flavonoid 3'-hydroxylase (F3'H), dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR), anthocyanidin synthase (ANS), UDP-glucose: flavonoid 3-o-glucosyltransferase (UF3GT) were isolated. Moreover, the ...
Audran Gérard - - 2012
In a recent work ( Org. Lett. 2012 , 14 , 358 ), we showed that the rate constant k(d) of the chemically activated C-ON bond homolysis of alkoxyamines was subject to solvent effects. However, we showed that solvent effects were weak for the nonactivated alkoxyamine 1 (diethyl (1-(tert-butyl(1-(pyridin-4-yl)ethoxy)amino)-2,2-dimethylpropyl)phosphonate) and ...
Larciprete Rosanna - - 2012
Using photoemission spectroscopy techniques, we show that oxygen intercalation is achieved on an extended layer of epitaxial graphene on Ir(111), which results in the "lifting" of the graphene layer and in its decoupling from the metal substrate. The oxygen adsorption below graphene proceeds as on clean Ir(111), giving only a ...
Gushchin Vladimir A - - 2012
ORF6 is a small gene that overlaps the movement and coat protein genes of subgroup 1a tobamoviruses. The ORF6 protein of Ttomato mosaic virus (ToMV), L-ORF6, interacts in vitro with eukaryotic elongation factor 1 alpha (eEF1A), and mutation of the Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) U1-ORF6 gene reduces the pathogenicity in ...
Chen Jie - - 2012
The results from the published studies on the association between glutathione S-transferases (GST) gene polymorphism and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Asian population are still conflicting. GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 are the mainly mutant sites reported at present. This meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the relationship between GST gene polymorphism and ...
Greve B - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Radiotherapy constitutes an essential element in the multimodal therapy of Ewing's sarcoma. Compared to other sarcomas, Ewing tumors normally show a good response to radiotherapy. However, there are consistently tumors with a radioresistant phenotype, and the underlying mechanisms are not known in detail. Here we investigated the ...
de Cheveigné Alain - - 2012
Local field potentials (LFP) recorded in the auditory cortex of mammals are known to reveal weakly selective and often multimodal spectrotemporal receptive fields (STRFs), in contrast to spiking activity. This may in part reflect the wider "listening sphere" of LFPs relative to spikes due to the greater current spread at ...
Maharaj Nirvarthi - - 2012
AIMS: Speckle tracking has emerged as a quantitative technique for assessing left ventricular (LV) function. However, no normative data for LV twist using speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) are available in the black population. This study assessed myocardial mechanics by determining LV twist parameters in different age groups using STE, and ...
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