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Stanilov Noyko S - - 2012
The main regulator of anti-tumor immune response is the activity of monocytes, suggesting that the produced cytokines may have a prognostic role. This study investigates gene expression of interleukin (IL)-12-related cytokine and IL-10 in stimulated monocytes from colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Relative quantification of IL-12A, IL-12B, IL-23A and IL-10 mRNA ...
Goldberg Rachel E - - 2012
Epidemiological, economic, and social forces have produced high levels of volatility in family and household structure for young people growing up in sub-Saharan Africa in recent decades. However, scholarship on the family to date has not examined the influence of this family instability on young people's well-being. The current study ...
Sonneville Romain - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Cerebral toxoplasmosis remains a common neurologic complication in patients with AIDS. In this study, we aimed to characterize the prognosis of patients with HIV infection with severe forms of cerebral toxoplasmosis and to investigate the effects of adjunctive steroids on outcomes. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective cohort study ...
Goldstein Ido - - 2012
Cytochrome P450 enzymes (P450) are abundantly expressed in the human liver where they hydroxylate organic substrates. In a microarray screen performed in human liver cells, we found a group of eleven P450 genes whose expression was induced by p53 (CYP3A4, CYP3A43, CYP3A5, CYP3A7, CYP4F2, CYP4F3, CYP4F11, CYP4F12, CYP19A1, CYP21A2 and ...
Wang Yinan - - 2012
To know the involvement of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in the metastasis of mouse FBJ osteosarcoma cells, N ( α )-lauroyl-O-(β-D-xylopyranosyl)-L-serinamide (Xyl-Ser-C12), which initiates elongation of GAG chains using the glycan biosynthesis system in cells, was administered to FBJ cells with different metastatic capacities. Production of glycosylated products derived from Xyl-Ser-C12, especially ...
Obeidat Basil R - - 2012
To assess the immuno-histochemical expression of various markers in, endometrial biopsies of patients with endometrial cancer, and to correlate their expression with the final pathologic findings. Sixty-two patients with primary endometrial cancer who underwent surgical treatment were included in this study. Immuno-histochemical expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), ...
Dey Sabita Brata - - 2012
The work addresses the issues of the ever-expanding demand of wide free spectral range (FSR) compatible integrated optic passive devices used in commercial communication systems like dense wavelength division multiplexing and a host of other applications. FSR expansion has been achieved by using the Vernier principle. The analysis has been ...
Xin Jingtao - - 2012
A stable and simple interferometric arrangement based on a Wollaston prism is designed to combine two helical beams into a polarization vortex (PV). Different modes of helical beams are generated by a spatial light modulator (SLM). Due to the flexibility of the SLM, PVs with different kinds of intensity distribution, ...
Florentin Jonathan - - 2012
The elimination of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in more than 50% of chronically infected patients by treatment with interferon-α (IFN-α) suggests that plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs), major producers of IFN-α, play an important role in the control of HCV infection. However, despite large amounts of Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7)-mediated IFN-α, ...
Khandelwal Hitesh - - 2012
With an increase in temperature, an unprecedented restoration of symmetry in the symmetry breaking excited state charge transfer is observed in a geminal pair of near-orthogonally connected perylenimide dimers. Such restoration of symmetry could be attributed to the interchromophoric planarization and/or loss of solvation asymmetry at elevated temperature resulting in ...
Ramesh Veera V E - - 2012
Herein, we report on the folding pattern observed in a synthetic peptide featuring two highly mutually dependent, yet strikingly dissimilar, closed networks of hydrogen-bonded rings that work in a cumulative fashion to stabilize the entire folded architecture of the peptide. Structural studies unequivocally suggest that disruption of any one of ...
Pessoa Clarice R M - - 2012
Cutaneous and rhinofacial infections by Pythium insidiosum have previously been reported in sheep in Brazil. In the current study, a new form of pythiosis involving the alimentary tract of 2 nursing lambs from 2 different farms in the semiarid region of Brazil is described. The first lamb showed food regurgitation, ...
Del Nogal María - - 2012
Renal fibrosis is the final outcome of many clinical conditions that lead to chronic renal failure, characterized by a progressive substitution of cellular elements by extracellular-matrix proteins, in particular collagen type I. The aim of this study was to identify the mechanisms responsible for human mesangial cell survival, conditioned by ...
Prescot Andrew P - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate human brain metabolite discriminability and general measurement reproducibility of two-dimensional (2D) J-resolved (1) H MRS and Prior Knowledge Fitting (ProFit). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 2D J-resolved (1) H MRS spectra were acquired from the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the parietal-occipital cortex (POC) of 10 healthy subjects at ...
Hansson B M E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Parastomal hernia is a frequent complication of intestinal stomata. Mesh repair gives the best results, with the mesh inserted via laparotomy or laparoscopically. It was the aim of this retrospective multicenter study to determine the early and late results of the laparoscopically performed, modified Sugarbaker technique with ePTFE mesh. ...
Hariri I - - 2012
Recent advances in the field of optics have enabled accurate and localized measurement of optical properties of biological substrates. This work aimed to elucidate the relationship between the local refractive index (n) and mineral content (MC) of enamel and dentin. De- and remineralized lesions in bovine enamel and dentin blocks ...
Boukari Khaoula - - 2012
We present a theoretical study in the framework of density functional calculations, taking into account the van der Waals interactions (DFT-D) of isolated Cu-5,10,15,20-tetrakis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-phenyl) porphyrin (Cu-TBPP) molecules in a C2v conformation adsorbed on a Si(111)√3x√3R30°-boron surface [denoted Si(111)-B]. With this approach, we investigate interactions between perfect or boron-defect Si(111)-B substrates ...
Rinne Juha O - - 2012
Molecular imaging techniques developed to 'visualize' amyloid in vivo represent a major achievement in Alzheimer's disease (AD) research. This pooled analysis of four studies determined the level of association between uptake of the fibrillar amyloid β positron emission tomography (PET) imaging agent [(18)F]flutemetamol (Pittsburgh Compound B analog with a 5.5 ...
Yao Hongjie - - 2012
Cinchona alkaloid-derived chiral quaternary ammonium organocatalysts were developed. The catalyst with a bulky 1-adamantoyl group at the C-9 position promoted the enantioselective α-hydroxylation of beta-oxo esters and resulted in the corresponding products in 35-95% yields and 58-90% ee. The reaction was successfully scaled to a gram-quantity scale with a similar ...
Smith Edith Caroline - - 2012
Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome is an inherited condition that women's health care providers are likely to encounter in their practices. Persons affected by this disorder have extremely high risks for developing cancer. This article provides a definition and overview of the syndrome, including cancer prevention/risk reduction strategies and ...
Singh Anand - - 2012
The [3 + 2] dipolar cycloaddition reaction of nitrile imines with 3-alkylidene oxindoles is described. The pyrazoline spiroadducts were obtained in high yields and with excellent regio- and diastereoselectivities. These spirocyclic intermediates have been elaborated to synthetically versatile 3-amino oxindole building blocks such as β-amino nitrile, 1,3-diamine, and pyrrolo[2,3-b]indoline derivatives.
Yamamoto Yukio - - 2012
It was demonstrated previously that a positive feedback loop, including protein kinase C (PKC) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), is required for the gradual expression of cerebellar long-term depression (LTD). PKC and MAPK are mutually activated in this loop. MAPK-dependent PKC activation is likely to be mediated by phospholipase A2. ...
Twynstra Matthew G - - 2012
Laser-absorption tomography experiments infer the concentration distribution of a gas species from the attenuation of lasers transecting the flow field. Although reconstruction accuracy strongly depends on the layout of optical components, to date experimentalists have had no way to predict the performance of a given beam arrangement. This paper shows ...
Dvir Danny - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve-in-valve (VIV) implantation is an emerging therapeutic alternative for patients with failed surgical bioprosthesis and may obviate the need for reoperation. We evaluated the clinical results of this technique using a large, worldwide registry. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Global Valve-in-Valve Registry included 202 patients with degenerated bioprosthetic ...
Bui Vuong N - - 2012
An H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus was isolated from conjunctiva of a whooper swan with neurological signs, which was captured during the latest H5N1 HPAI outbreak in Japan. The conjunctival swab contained a larger amount of the virus in comparison with the tracheal swab. This is the first report ...
Sigrist Brigitte - - 2012
Infectious bronchitis, a disease of chickens caused by Avian coronavirus infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), leads to severe economic losses for the poultry industry worldwide. Various attempts to control the virus based on vaccination strategies are performed. However, due to the emergence of novel genotypes, an effective control of the virus ...
Grubišić Sonja - - 2012
The popular biomolecular AMBER (ff99SB) force field (FF) has been extended with new parameters for the simulations of peptides containing α,α dialkylated residues with cyclic side chains. Together with the recent set of nitroxide parameters [E. Stendardo, A. Pedone, P. Cimino, M. C. Menziani, O. Crescenzi and V. Barone, Phys. ...
Wang Gang - - 2012
We aimed to investigate the relationship between the synthesis of hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) and the pancreatic acinar cell apoptosis in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) rats, as well as analyse the potential apoptotic pathway involved in this process. Sixty rats had been equally divided into four groups: sham, SAP, SAP + sodium hydrosulfide ...
McCarthy Maria C - - 2012
This longitudinal study aimed to examine acute and posttraumatic stress symptoms and predictors of traumatic stress symptoms in parents of children recently diagnosed with cancer. The sample comprised 220 parents of 143 children who completed questionnaires at diagnosis (T1) focused on acute stress disorder (ASD); of these, 145 parents of ...
Pan Zengxiang - - 2012
More than 99 % of follicles in mammalian ovaries undergo a degenerative process known as atresia, and thus only a limited number of ovarian follicles actually ovulate after full growth and development. The endocrinological regulatory mechanisms involved in follicular development have been studied extensively, but the precise and systematic molecular mechanisms ...
Truong Thanh - - 2012
Give a direction: A rationally designed, removable meta-directing group enables the selective, remote functionalization of aromatic substrates. The generality of the concept was shown with alkenylation reactions of hydrocinnamic acid derivatives, the selectivities of which were similar to the ones described for benzyl derivatives.
Kawazoe Ryo - - 2012
In Chlamydomonas growing under 24 h light-dark cycles, chloroplast transcription is under circadian clock control, and peaks early in the morning. The peak (but not trough) requires ongoing cytoplasmic translation, as it is sensitive to cycloheximide (CH). The chloroplast transcriptional apparatus in Chlamydomonas is simpler than in land plants, with only ...
Choi Viann W Y - - 2012
We report data showing that embryos of the zebrafish, Danio rerio, at 1.5 h post fertilization (hpf) subjected to a low-dose alpha-particle irradiation can release a stress signal into the water, which can be communicated to unirradiated bystander zebrafish embryos sharing the same water medium to induce a hormetic effect ...
Cook Erica J - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: National Health Service (NHS) Direct provides a 24/7 telephone-based healthcare advice and information service to the public in England. Locally based studies have suggested variation in the uptake of this service among the United Kingdom's diverse population. This study seeks to examine this issue at a national level. ...
Roba Assegid Aga - - 2012
To determine prevalence and risk factors of trachoma in communities receiving intervention with the SAFE strategy (surgery, antibiotic, face washing, environmental hygiene), a cross-sectional trachoma survey was undertaken in 2006 in the Enemor district of southern Ethiopia where the SAFE program has been implemented for over five years. A sample ...
Naito Shoichi - - 2012
Matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) is important in the pathology of osteoarthritis (OA). Although MMP-13 is considered a therapeutic target for OA, it is unclear how MMP-13 activity is regulated by the system that comprises various proteinases and their inhibitors. MMP-13 neutralizing antibodies could be a useful tool to investigate the involvement ...
Shah Romina - - 2012
A direct, versatile method for the determination of steviol and nine steviol glycosides in food products has been developed by using electrospray ionisation liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry in the negative-ion mode. Ten stevia compounds were readily separated on an amino column by using a gradient separation. Data for analyte quantification were ...
Preskitt Julie K - - 2012
To identify differences in groups of children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN) identified as underinsured by two alternate definitions and discuss implications for policy decisions based on using one definition over another. Secondary data from the National Survey of CSHCN 2005/2006 were analyzed. Only CSHCN who were continuously-insured for 12 months ...
Yang Shin-Seok - - 2012
We assessed the utility of a 3-grade classification of photoplethysmography (PPG) with cold water provocation test in Raynaud phenomenon (RP). A total of 35 patients with RP and 38 healthy volunteers were recruited. In healthy volunteers, PPG was measured twice at intervals of 30 minutes for evaluating reproducibility of test. ...
Cheng Juhui - - 2012
SYBR Green I (SG) is widely used in real-time PCR applications as an intercalating dye. Preferential binding of SG during PCR and inhibition of PCR often result in failure to detect multiple amplicons in multiplex reactions. In the present study, a novel single-tube, multiplex real-time PCR with EvaGreen dye (EG) ...
Venet Fabienne - - 2012
Septic syndrome is the leading cause of mortality for critically ill patients worldwide. Patients develop lymphocyte dysfunctions associated with increased risk of death and nosocomial infections. In this study, we performed preclinical experiments testing the potential of recombinant human IL-7 (rhIL-7) as a lymphostimulating therapy in sepsis. Circulating IL-7 and ...
Al Awabdh Sana - - 2012
Although essential for their neuronal function, the molecular mechanisms underlying the dendritic targeting of serotonin G-protein-coupled receptors are poorly understood. Here, we characterized a Yif1B-dependent vesicular scaffolding complex mediating the intracellular traffic of the rat 5-HT(1A) receptor (5-HT(1A)R) toward dendrites. By combining directed mutagenesis, GST-pull down, and surface plasmon resonance, ...
Jin Qianyue - - 2012
A rapid (<5 min) immunochromatographic strip using a colloidal gold-labeled antigen probe was successfully developed and applied for the detection of Porcine circovirus-2 (PCV-2) antibodies in swine. Recombinant Cap protein truncated nuclear localization signal of PCV-2, was expressed and labeled with colloidal gold. This conjugate was dispensed on a conjugate ...
Debono Aaron J - - 2012
Noscapine is a phthalideisoquinoline alkaloid isolated from the opium poppy Papaver somniferum. It has long been used as an antitussive agent, but has more recently been found to possess microtubule-modulating properties and anticancer activity. Herein we report the synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of a series of 6'-substituted noscapine derivatives. To ...
Tobisu Mamoru - - 2012
Where HAS you been? A manganese-mediated annulation of 2-isocyanobiaryls with organoboronic acids is developed for the synthesis of a broad range of phenanthridine derivatives. Mechanistic studies indicate that the reaction proceeds by the intramolecular homolytic aromatic substitution (HAS) of an imidoyl radical intermediate.
Li Qiankun - - 2012
Water plays an important role in a palladium-catalyzed allenylation of diethyl malonate with 2,3-allenyl acetates to yield centrally chiral allenyl malonates bearing synthetically useful functional groups. The products were formed with 92-96 % ee in the presence of a bulky, electron-rich biphenyl ligand at room temperature.
Liu Xiaoxiang - - 2012
Green tea polyphenols (GTP) are widely believed to function as antioxidants and antimicrobial agents. Here we observed that GTP and epigallocatechin gallate, the most abundant catechin in GTP, could also function as prooxidants and produce hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) to inhibit the growth of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. pH value of the medium ...
Shevchenko Ganna M - - 2012
Neurodegenerative disorders are often defined pathologically by the presence of protein aggregates, such as amyloid plaques composed of -Amyloid (Aβ) peptide in Alzheimer's disease. Such aggregates are the result of abnormal protein accumulation and may lead to neuronal dysfunction and cell death. In this study, APPSWE transgenic mice (Tg2576), which ...
Suga Hiroshi - - 2012
A method for fabricating single-crystalline nanogaps on Si substrates was developed. Polycrystalline Pt nanowires on Si substrates were broken down by current flow under various gaseous environments. The crystal structure of the nanogap electrode was evaluated using scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Nanogap electrodes sandwiched between Pt-large-crystal-grains were ...
Gulli Roberto A - - 2012
High-fat (HF) diets impair skeletal muscle response to the insulin-sensitizing adipokine adiponectin (Ad) in rodents, preceding the development of insulin resistance. Skeletal muscle insulin response in HF fed rats can be restored with chronic exercise; whether recovery of skeletal muscle Ad response is necessary for the exercise-induced recovery of insulin-stimulated ...
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