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Baroncelli Silvia - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The HIV integrase inhibitor raltegravir (RAL) can exacerbate autoimmune diseases in genetically predisposed mice. To evaluate whether this may occur in clinical practice, we clinically monitored HIV positive patients treated with RAL and measured a panel of autoantibodies (auto-Abs) during the first year of RAL treatment. METHODS: This was ...
Gillmeister Helge - - 2012
In an endogenous cueing paradigm with central visual cues, observers made speeded responses to tactile targets at the hands, which were either close together or far apart, and holding either two separate objects or one common object between them. When the hands were far apart, the response time costs associated ...
Borges J P G - - 2012
Background and Objectives  Platelet transfusions are performed almost entirely according to expert experience. This study assessed the effectiveness of a restrictive guideline to reduce platelet transfusions in preterm infants. Methods  A retrospective cohort of preterm infants with a birth weight of <1500 g had been born in 2 periods. In Period ...
Zhang Jianwen - - 2012
Urachal carcinoma (UrC) is a rare but highly malignant epithelial cancer and commonly found in the urachal remnant which connects the dome of the bladder to the umbilicus via the ligamentum commune. Because of the specificity of the tumor location and its rarity, the diagnosis of UrC is often difficult. ...
Jordan Shawn N - - 2012
Rho GTPases are molecular switches that elicit distinct effects on the actomyosin cytoskeleton to accurately promote cytokinesis. Although they represent less than 1% of the human genome, Rho GTPases exert disproportionate control over cell division. Crucial to this master regulatory role is their localized occupation of specific domains of the ...
Del Re A C - - 2012
Abstract Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) is an experientially based group intervention empirically supported to reduce psychological symptomology. Although MBSR has shown to be an effective intervention, little is known about which facets of the intervention are important in producing positive outcomes. This study tested several aspects of mindfulness practice (total ...
Haase R - - 2012
In adult cancer patients the negative predictive value of elevated CRP levels has been described for several malignancies. Only few studies have analyzed the prognostic role of CRP in children and adolescents with classical HL. In these studies elevated CRP levels correlate with the presence of classical risk factors and ...
Xu Zhen - - 2012
Continuous, ultrastrong graphene fibers are achieved by wet-spinning of giant graphene oxide liquid crystals, followed by wet-drawing and ion-cross-linking. The giant size and regular alignment of graphene sheets render the fibers with high mechanical strength and good conductivity. Such graphene fibers promise wide applications in functional textiles, flexible and wearable ...
Nourski Kirill V - - 2012
The place of the posterolateral superior temporal (PLST) gyrus within the hierarchical organization of the human auditory cortex is unknown. Understanding how PLST processes spectral information is imperative for its functional characterization. Pure-tone stimuli were presented to subjects undergoing invasive monitoring for refractory epilepsy. Recordings were made using high-density subdural ...
Nishiyama Ryoji - - 2012
This study examined whether additional articulatory rehearsal induced temporary durability of phonological representations, using a 10-s delayed nonword free recall task. Three experiments demonstrated that cumulative rehearsal between the offset of the last study item and the start of the filled delay (Experiments 1 and 3) and a fixed rehearsal ...
Qi Xinxin - - 2012
Highly efficient synthesis of 3-hydroxypyridines has been developed based on carbenoid-mediated N-O bond insertion. Treatment of δ-diazo oxime ethers with dirhodium complex Rh(2)(tfacam)(4) rapidly provides a variety of pyridines in 5-10 minutes in good to excellent yields.
Estrada Alejandro - - 2012
Recent assessments by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) indicate the existence of about 612 recognized primate species and subspecies (IUCN RedList, 2012), but close to 50% of these taxa are at risk of extinction as a result of human action. In this article, I call attention to ...
Malindretos Pavlos - - 2012
It has been more than 2000 years since Hippocrates described renal disease and observed its progressive nature. Decreased survival and deteriorated health status of these patients' being is attributed to cardiovascular disease. There is increasing interest regarding the impact of non-traditional risk factors, including hyperphosphatemia, elevated calcium-phosphate (CaxPO(4)) product, elevated ...
McCauley Stephen R - - 2012
There is significant heterogeneity in outcomes following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). While several host factors (age, gender, preinjury psychiatric history, etc.) have been investigated, the influence of preinjury psychological resilience and mood status in conjunction with mild TBI remains relatively unexplored. Euthymic mood and high resilience are potentially protective ...
Zhang Dong-Mei - - 2012
23-O-(1,4'-bipiperidine-1-carbonyl) betulinic acid (BBA), a synthetic derivative of 23-hydroxybetulinic acid (23-HBA), shows a reversal effect on multidrug resistance (MDR) in our preliminary screening. Overexpression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters such as ABCB1, ABCG2 and ABCC1 has been reported in recent studies to be a major factor contributing to MDR. Our ...
García-Domínguez Patricia - - 2012
A novel epigenetic modulator that displays a DNMT1 inhibition and DNMT3A activation profile was characterized (compound 8). This compound is a derivative of palmitic acid that incorporates the putative reactive functional group (diynone) of the peyssonenyne natural products. Other analogues containing the diynone or an acetoxyenediyne did not show the ...
Dinglasan Lu Anne V - - 2012
Purpose:To examine filter characteristics at preretrieval computed tomography (CT) that are associated with complicated inferior vena cava (IVC) filter retrieval procedures.Materials and Methods:This study was HIPAA compliant, and informed consent was waived. Institutional review board-approved retrospective review of IVC filter retrievals between January 2002 and July 2011 was performed to ...
Vanhoutte Paul M - - 2012
We read with great interest, but no real surprise, the letter by Musial and Zwolinska published in a recent issue of your Journal [1]. These authors comment on their findings in dialysis patients suggesting a possible correlation between the levels of MMP-7 (matrilysin) and the severity of cardiovascular complications during ...
Bosch G - - 2012
This study investigated the effect of chilling and freezing (for 24 h) canine feces on in vitro gas production kinetics and fermentation end-product profiles from carbohydrate-rich (in vitro run 1) and protein-rich substrates (in vitro run 2). Feces were collected from 3 adult Retriever-type dogs fed a canned diet for ...
Ross Christina L - - 2012
The aim of this feasibility study was to determine the effectiveness of a commercially manufactured magnetic field (MF) device as an adjunct to pharmaceuticals during acute phase inflammatory response. The goal was to determine if inflammatory response interleukins IL-1, IL-6, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) would be affected by ...
Nuis Rutger-Jan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: BLOOD TRANSFUSION IS ASSOCIATED WITH ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY (AKI) AFTER TRANSCATHETER AORTIC VALVE IMPLANTATION (TAVI). WE SOUGHT TO ELUCIDATE IN MORE DETAIL THE RELATION BETWEEN BLOOD TRANSFUSION AND AKI AND ITS EFFECTS ON SHORT- AND LONG-TERM MORTALITY.METHODS AND RESULTS: NINE HUNDRED NINETY-FIVE PATIENTS WITH AORTIC STENOSIS UNDERWENT TAVI WITH ...
Poms Johannes - - 2012
In this work we apply density-functional theory to simulate a double-dotation of He-clusters with Rb and Xe atoms. We investigate the influence of the He droplet environment on the weak van der Waals interaction between xenon and rubidium. The heliophilic Xe resides inside the droplet, while the heliophobic Rb stays ...
Harb Gerlinde C - - 2012
The characteristics of nightmares of 48 male U.S. Vietnam war veterans with combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as well as revised dream scripts developed in the course of Imagery Rehearsal therapy, were examined in relation to pretreatment symptomatology and treatment outcome. Features, content, and themes of nightmares and rescripted dreams ...
Balaban Alexandru T - - 2012
Isomeric diamond hydrocarbons (diamondoids or polymantanes) with the same number n of adamantane units share the same molecular formula CQ(CH)T(CH2)S, and can be divided into valence isomers (denoted as Q-T-S) by partitioning the number C = Q + T + S of their carbon atoms according to whether they are ...
Parisot Nicolas - - 2012
SUMMARY: KASpOD is a web service dedicated to the design of signature sequences using a k-mer based algorithm. Such highly specific and explorative oligonucleotides are then suitable for various goals, including phylogenetic oligonucleotide arrays (POAs). AVAILABILITY: http://g2im.u-clermont1.fr/kaspod CONTACT: eric.peyretaillade@udamail.fr SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.
Banerjee Santanu - - 2012
The layered compounds KSnPS(4) (1), RbSnPS(4) (2), and CsSnPS(4) (3) were synthesized using the chalcophosphate flux technique at high temperature and are rare examples of divalent Sn(II) thiophosphates. Orange polyhedral crystals of compound 1 crystallize in the monoclinic space group P2(1)/c with a = 6.6673(13) Å, b = 11.9697(24) Å, ...
Sofela Agbolahan A - - 2012
Objectives. To evaluate patient and staff satisfaction with day of admission surgery in a neurosurgical unit and its effect on theatre start times. Methods and design. Patients were admitted to a Neurosciences admission lounge (NAL) for neurosurgery on the morning of their operation if deemed appropriate by their neurosurgical consultant. ...
Kurelac Ivana - - 2012
Mitochondrial DNA mutations leading to disruption of respiratory complex I have been shown to exhibit anti-tumourigenic effects, at variance with those impairing only function but not assembly of the complex, which appear to contribute positively to cancer development.Due to the challenges in analysis of the multi-copy mitochondrial genome it is ...
Liu Xiao-Min - - 2012
The reaction of CoBr(2), 1,2-di(4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)diazene (bta) and KSCN yielded a one-dimensional coordination polymer [Co(SCN)(2)(bta)(H(2)O)(2)] with water molecules coordinated to the metal ions. After dehydration at 100 °C, the compound transformed into a layered coordination polymer [Co(SCN)(2)(bta)], whose structure was determined by powder X-ray diffraction based on the single-crystal structure of ...
Jana Sadhan C - - 2012
This study evaluated polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) molecules as useful, multifunctional reinforcing agents of silica aerogels. Silica aerogels have low-density and high surface area, although their durability is often compromised by the inherent fragility and strong moisture absorption behavior of the silica networks. POSS molecules carrying phenyl, iso-butyl, and cyclohexyl ...
Karriker L A - - 2012
The objective of this study was to develop a validated, transient, chemically induced lameness model in sows using subjective and objective lameness detection tools. Experiment 1 determined an effective joint injection technique based on volume and placement of dye using feet collected from 9 finisher pigs and 10 multi-parity cull ...
Larsson J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: /st>Teaching trainees to become competent professionals who can keep the complex system of anaesthesia safe is important. From a safety point of view, non-technical skills such as smooth cooperation and good communication deserve as much attention as theoretical knowledge and practical skills, which by tradition have dominated training programmes ...
Mathur Jaideep - - 2012
Cell walls lock each cell in a specific position within the supra-organization of a plant. Despite its fixed location, each cell must be able to sense alterations in its immediate environment and respond rapidly to ensure the optimal functioning, continued growth and development, and eventual long-term survival of the plant. ...
Park Subin - - 2012
Objective:This study used a sample of Korean adolescents to evaluate: (a) associations between problematic internet use and depression, bipolar disorder symptoms and suicidal ideation; and (b) whether mood disorders mediate the relationship between problematic internet use and suicidal ideation.Method:A total of 795 middle and high school students were recruited (538 ...
Hefler Marita - - 2012
The tobacco industry's use of social media sites, such as Facebook, is an emerging area of research; however, this is the first study of the potential for social media to advance tobacco control. This paper presents three case studies of using social media for tobacco control advocacy, demonstrates how social ...
Li Wenjing - - 2012
Purpose: Prelingual deafness has been shown to lead to brain reorganization as demonstrated by functional parameters, but anatomical evidences still remain controversial. The present study investigated hemispheric asymmetry changes in deaf subjects using MRI, hypothesizing auditory-, language- or visual-related regions after early deafness. Methods: Prelingually deaf adolescents (n = 16) ...
Jia Xilai - - 2012
Design and fabrication of effective electrode structure is essential but still challenge for current lithium-ion battery technology. Herein we report the design and fabrication of a class of high-performance robust nanocomposites based on iron oxide spheres and carbon nanotubes (CNTs). An efficient aerosol-spray process combined with vacuum filtration was used ...
Channa Kalavati R - - 2012
Exposure to pesticides places pregnant women and the developing foetus at the highest risk. The objective of this study is to obtain an exposure assessment by investigating levels of pesticides in blood plasma of delivering women. We report on the concentrations of α, β, γ HCH, endosulfan, HCB and the ...
Samuel R S - - 2012
Current AA recommendations for sows are to provide a fixed amount of AA intake throughout gestation; however, the demand for nutrients changes from maternal lean tissue in early gestation (EG) to fetal and mammary growth in late gestation (LG). The objective of this study was to determine the Lys requirement ...
Jacoby Richard P - - 2012
The primary function of mitochondria is respiration, where catabolism of substrates is coupled to ATP synthesis via oxidative phosphorylation. In plants, mitochondrial composition is relatively complex and flexible and has specific pathways to support photosynthetic processes in illuminated leaves. This review begins with outlining current models of mitochondrial composition in ...
Mellett Mark - - 2012
Interleukin-17A, the prototypical member of the interleukin-17 cytokine family, coordinates local tissue inflammation by recruiting neutrophils to sites of infection. Dysregulation of interleukin-17 signalling has been linked to the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases and autoimmunity. The interleukin-17 receptor family members (A-E) have a broad range of functional effects in immune ...
Van der Burg Erik - - 2012
In the present study we investigated whether a task-irrelevant distractor can induce a visual attentional blink pattern. Participants were asked to detect only a visual target letter (A, B, or C) and to ignore the preceding auditory, visual, or audiovisual distractor. An attentional blink was observed regardless of the distractor ...
Unnithan Viswanath - - 2012
Abstract The purpose of this review article was firstly to evaluate the traditional approach to talent identification in youth soccer and secondly present pilot data on a more holistic method for talent identification. Research evidence exists to suggest that talent identification mechanisms that are predicated upon the physical (anthropometric) attributes ...
Dow Belinda L - - 2012
Although there is some information available regarding the utility of the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES) in screening for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), data are scarce and limited to studies sampling children predominantly injured in road traffic accidents. This study investigated the utility of 2 versions, the CRIES-8 ...
Zhang Jie-Peng - - 2012
The two-step N(2) adsorption behaviour of sodalite-type Zn(ii) 2-methylimidazolate and 3-methyl-1,2,4-triazolate has been comprehensively and accurately elucidated.
Schmidt Bernd M - - 2012
With great stacking comes great conductivity: Trifluoromethylated corannulenes are unexpectedly strong electron acceptors in solution. Even a polycrystalline film of 1,2-(F(3) C)(2) -corannulene (top structure and curve in the plot) exhibits conductivity three orders of magnitude higher than that of pristine corannulene!
Lee Sun Eun - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To provide a better understanding of dietary intakes of pregnant women in low- and middle-income countries. DESIGN: Systematic review was performed to identify relevant studies which reported nutrient intakes or food consumption of pregnant women in developing countries. Macronutrient and micronutrient intakes were compared by region and the FAO/WHO ...
Yoshikawa Reigetsu - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The polycomb group (PcG) family BMI1, acting downstream of the hedgehog (Hh) pathway, plays an essential role in the self-renewal of haematopoietic, neural, and intestinal stem cells, and is dysregulated in many types of cancer. Our recent report has demonstrated that Hh signalling activation can predict very earlier ...
Ravi K - - 2012
In mixed systems of trapped ions and cold atoms, the ions and atoms can coexist at different temperatures. This is primarily due to their different trapping and cooling mechanisms. The key questions of how ions can cool collisionally with cold atoms and whether the combined system allows stable coexistence, need ...
Gebuis Titia - - 2012
Nonsymbolic number and its continuous visual properties are confounded in everyday life: When number changes, its continuous visual properties also change. It could therefore be efficient to rely on the visual properties to judge number. The current consensus, however, holds that number is processed independent of its visual properties. In ...
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