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Anwer Ayad G - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The photobiological effect of laser light on cells and tissues originates from light absorption by endogenous chromophores and hence it depends on the wavelength of light source and cell type. Earlier studies regarding the biostimulation effects of green laser light investigated a wide variety of cells but ...
Lee Gyu-Cheol - - 2012
A total of 339 water samples obtained from 90 locations in Korea from 2007 to 2011 were tested for the presence of enteric viruses (EV), total coliforms (TC), and fecal coliforms (FC). A total culturable virus assay revealed that 89 samples (26.3%) were positive for EV, and the average concentration ...
Burdge Graham C - - 2012
Maternal folic acid (FA) supplementation is well recognised to protect against neural tube defects. Folate is a critical cofactor in one-carbon metabolism involved in the epigenetic regulation of transcription that underpins development. Thus, it is possible that maternal FA supplementation may have additional, unforeseen persistent effects in the offspring. This ...
Torres-Unda Jon - - 2012
Abstract We investigated the anthropometric, physiological and maturation characteristics of young players (13-14 years old) associated with being successful in basketball. Body parameters were measured (stature, total body mass, skinfolds and lengths) and physiological capacities were assessed by endurance, sprint (20 m), jump and dribbling tests. Chronological age (CA) was recorded ...
Favaro Angela - - 2012
Background: Anorexia nervosa is characterized by high levels of perseveration and inflexibility, which interfere with successful treatments. Dopamine (DA) signalling seems to play a key role in modulating the prefrontal cortex, since both DA deficiency and excess nega tively influence the efficiency of cognitive functions. The present study explores the ...
Ynsa M Dolores - - 2012
The effects of plasma lipid overload on pancreatic islet function and on mineral imbalance are issues under debate. However, the outcomes may be biased by the different metabolisms of different species. This prospective study evaluated whether a high fat diet intake changed the distribution of physiologically relevant elements within pancreatic ...
Mayrovitz Harvey N - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Biophysical measures to assess that skin water includes stratum corneum hydration via capacitance (SC), dermal water via tissue dielectric constant (TDC), and transepidermal water loss (TEWL). Since skin differs among anatomical sites and tissue depth we sought to determine the site and depth variability of these measures and their ...
Gaughan J B - - 2012
Sixty Angus steers (449.2 ± 11.0 kg) with implanted body temperature (BT) transmitters were used in a 110-d study to determine the effect of chronic stress (housing, diet, and climate) on extracellular heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) concentration in plasma. The steers were a subset of a larger study involving ...
Cui Ran - - 2012
The near-infrared (NIR) electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) of water-dispersed Ag2Se quantum dots (QDs) with ultrasmall size was presented for the first time. The Ag2Se QDs have shown a strong and efficient cathodic ECL signal with K2S2O8 as coreactant on the glassy carbon electrode (GCE) in aqueous solution. The ECL spectrum exhibited ...
Marthandam Asokan Shibu - - 2012
Plant interactions with bio-control associated microbes are adroitly used as experimental models to understand thriving resistant related plant-molecular adaptations. In a hydroponic three-way interaction study, a novel Trichoderma harzianum ETS 323 mediated mechanism was found to establish resistance to Rhizoctonia solani infection in Brassica oleracea var. capitata plantlets. The R. ...
Mir Hassan - - 2012
AIM: To analyse compliance of cigarette packets with the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and national legislation and the policy actions that are required in eight former Soviet Union countries. METHODS: We obtained cigarette packets of each of the 10 most smoked cigarette brands in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, ...
Kim Soo Young - - 2012
Purpose: Ceftriaxone, a β-lactam antibiotic, can selectively enhance the expression of glutamate transporter 1 (GLT1), the most abundant astrocytic glutamate transporter expressed in the cortex. It has been found to have neuroprotective effects when administered prior to brain ischemic damage or during the acute phase post-stroke, but its effects in ...
Renaud G - - 2012
Most techniques for contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging require linear propagation to detect nonlinear scattering of contrast agent microbubbles. Waveform distortion due to nonlinear propagation impairs their ability to distinguish microbubbles from tissue. As a result, tissue can be misclassified as microbubbles, and contrast agent concentration can be overestimated; therefore, these artifacts ...
Bartoccini Francesca - - 2012
A small library of 8-substituted 9-deazaxanthines has been prepared by late-stage diversification of an 8-bromo-9-deazaxanthine. By utilizing palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions a single key precursor can be transformed into a variety of 8-substituted-9-deazaxanthine compounds. Three key 8-bromo-9-deazaxanthine intermediates were efficiently prepared from commercially available 6-chlorouracil in six steps.
Kerr K R - - 2012
Our objective was to evaluate raw-meat diets for captive exotic and domestic carnivores containing traditional and alternative raw meat sources, specifically, beef trimmings, bison trimmings, elk muscle meat, and horse trimmings. We aimed to examine: diet composition and protein quality; apparent total tract energy and macronutrient digestibility in domestic cats, ...
Cabrera R - - 2012
The transport of IgG across the epithelial barrier and into the circulation is achieved in part by the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn), and this provides passive immunity to the neonate. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of time and feeding state on IgG absorption, intestinal morphology, ...
Gudeman Suzanne R - - 2012
Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Small case series support the safety and efficacy of tubeless PCNL with fibrin sealant. However, there is a paucity of data from larger case series supporting this approach. To our ...
Zisser Howard - - 2012
Abstract Background: This pilot trial was designed to determine if an optimal dose of Technosphere(®) insulin (TI) inhalation powder (MannKind Corp., Valencia, CA) could be used regardless of variation in meal carbohydrate (CHO) content. Subjects and Methods: In total, eight subjects (seven men, one woman) with type 2 diabetes were ...
Kauper Konrad - - 2012
Purpose:To evaluate the pharmacokinetics of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) delivered over a period of up to 2 years by an intraocular encapsulated cell technology (ECT) implant in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and geographic atrophy (GA). Methods:Patients from phase 1 RP (CNTF1), phase 2 GA (CNTF2), and phase 2 late ...
Tong Yanqing - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The goal of this research was to assess the adequacy of blood pressure (BP) control by applying Chinese herbal fomentation (a type of thermotherapy) at the Yongquan point (K1). Methods: A total of 102 patients with hypertension, ages 39-55, were included in this study. After a baseline examination, ...
Yang Jinliang - - 2012
A benzodioxole derivative, 4-(2-(benzodioxol-5-yloxy)ethoxy)benzophenone (BPC2BDO), based on 4-hydroxybenzophenone and sesamol was synthesized, and used as a one-component Type II photoinitiator. The structure of BPC2BDO was characterized by elementary analysis, APCI-MS, (1)H NMR, and (13)C NMR. The rate of decomposition (R(d)) of BPC2BDO in acetonitrile was studied by UV-Vis spectroscopy and ...
Sugiura Tomoko - - 2012
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is under development for treatment of renal failure. This study was designed to clarify changes in HGF pharmacokinetics in renal failure and to establish a pharmacokinetic model applicable to single and repeated doses. The plasma concentration profile in mice with glycerol-induced acute renal failure was similar ...
Baltanás Fernando C - - 2012
Purkinje Cell Degeneration (PCD) mice harbor a nna1 gene mutation which leads to an early and rapid degeneration of Purkinje cells (PC) between the third and fourth week of age. This mutation also underlies the death of mitral cells (MC) in the olfactory bulb (OB), but this process is slower ...
Dimonte Alice - - 2012
Molecular nanoelectronics is attracting much attention, because of the possibility to add functionalities to silicon-based electronics by means of intrinsically nanoscale biological or organic materials. The contact point between active molecules and electrodes must present, besides nanoscale size, a very low resistance. To realize Metal-Molecule-Metal junctions it is, thus, mandatory ...
Bergstrom J R - - 2012
Our objectives were to compare a conventional dry (CD, 152.4-cm-wide, 5-space, STACO Inc., Schaefferstown, PA) and a wet-dry (WD, double-sided, each side = 38.1-cm space, Crystal Springs, GroMaster Inc., Omaha, NE) feeder, and to determine if changing the source of water to a location separate from a wet-dry feeder during ...
Sehaqui Houssine - - 2012
Nonwoven membranes based on electrospun fibers are of great interest in applications such as biomedical, filtering and protective clothing. The poor mechanical performance is a limitation, as is some of the electrospinning solvents. In order to address these problems, porous nonwoven membranes based on nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) modified by a ...
Kakinoki Sachiro - - 2012
Four different dynamic biomaterial surfaces with different molecular architectures were prepared using two hydrophilic polymers: poly(ethylene glycol) and polyrotaxanes containing α-cyclodextrin. Either one or both terminals of the poly(ethylene glycol) or polyrotaxanes were immobilized onto a gold substrate via Au-S bonds, resulting in poly(ethylene glycol)-graft, polyrotaxanes-graft, poly(ethylene glycol)-loop, and polyrotaxanes-loop ...
Beets Michael W - - 2012
State and national organizations recently developed policies focused on increasing physical activity (PA) in afterschool programs (ASPs). These policies emphasize "activity friendly" environment characteristics that, when present, should lead to higher levels of PA and reduce the amount of time children spend sedentary during an ASP. Currently, little is known ...
McKee Kristopher J - - 2012
Raman spectra were collected from a 1.25 M aqueous pyridine solution, 100-nm polystyrene film or a trimethyl(phenyl)silane monolayer at a plasmon waveguide interface under total internal reflection (TIR). The plasmon waveguide resonance (PWR) interface consisted of a sapphire prism/49 to 50 nm Au/548 to 630 nm SiO2 and a monolayer, ...
Guerrieri-Gonzaga Aliana - - 2012
Vitamin D is a steroid molecule, mainly produced in the skin that regulates the expression of a large number of genes. Several meta-analyses of epidemiological studies support the evidence that low vitamin D serum level, which is highly prevalent worldwide, could be a "new" risk factor for many chronic diseases ...
Babson Kimberly A - - 2012
Poor sleep quality has been linked to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study provided a test of how poor sleep quality relates to real-time assessment of anxious reactivity to idiographic traumatic event cues. Script-driven imagery (SDI) was employed to examine reactivity to traumatic event cues among 46 women (mean age ...
Davies Stephen G - - 2012
The conjugate addition of lithium (R)-N-(3-chloropropyl)-N-(alpha-methylbenzyl)amide to alpha,beta-unsaturated esters was used as the key step in syntheses of all the possible diastereoisomers of the homalium alkaloids hoprominol and hopromalinol. Comparison of the specific rotation data for these synthetic samples with those of samples isolated from the natural source enabled the ...
Wu Ya-Huei - - 2012
ABSTRACT Since cutoff scores are necessary for differentiating normal cognitive functioning from dementia, the main objective of this study was to establish normative data of the K-T test, a standardized cancellation test. The construct validity of K-T test was also investigated. In total, 2471 cognitively intact elderly subjects from the ...
Leung Nelson - - 2012
Multiple myeloma (MM) is the most frequent monoclonal gammopathy to involve the kidney; however, a growing number of kidney diseases associated with other monoclonal gammopathies are being recognized. Although many histopathologic patterns exist, they are all distinguished by the monoclonal immunoglobulin (or component) deposits. The hematologic disorder in these patients ...
Sicari Rosa - - 2012
Echocardiography is the most widely used non-invasive imaging technique due to its availability, low cost, transportability and lack of ionizing radiations. However, it suffers from the main limitation of being highly subjective and operator-dependent. Furthermore, specifically, population or disease-dependent issues exist which should be addressed when this technique is applied ...
Choi Suk-Hyun - - 2012
Jujube ( Ziziphus jujube ) was analyzed at eight stages of ripeness (S1-8) for protein, by HPLC and mass spectroscopy for free amino acids and flavonoids, and by colorimetry for total flavonoids and antioxidative activity. The ripe fruit had lower levels of protein, flavonoids, and antioxidative activity than that of ...
Coleman R - - 2012
BackgroundAromatase inhibitors are the preferred adjuvant endocrine therapy for the majority of postmenopausal women with hormone-responsive early breast cancer. Although generally more effective than tamoxifen, aromatase inhibitor therapy is associated with increased bone loss and fracture risk.Patients and methodsPostmenopausal women receiving adjuvant letrozole (2.5 mg/day for 5 years; N = 1065) were randomly ...
Grade Stéphane - - 2012
Recent findings suggest that number processing is intimately linked to space and attention orienting processes. For example, processing numbers induces shifts of spatial attention, with small numbers causing leftward shifts and large numbers causing rightward shifts, suggesting that number magnitude might be represented on a left-to-right mental number line. However, ...
Li Hui - - 2012
A facile electrochemical method to selectively remove the outer walls of anodic TiO(2) nanotubes by leaving the as-anodized nanotubes in the same electrolyte and applying an electric field parallel to anodic film for several minutes is reported. The better-separated single-walled TiO(2) nanotubes thus obtained show significantly improved photocatalytic efficiency than ...
Tsai Ming-Hua - - 2012
C-reactive protein (CRP) is a clinical biomarker of inflammation, and high levels of CRP correlate with cardiovascular disease. The objectives of this study were to test our hypothesis that oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) induces the release of CRP from human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) and to optimize several analytical methods ...
Baker S R - - 2012
Two experiments were conducted to compare values for the standardized total tract digestibility (STTD) and the relative bioavailability of P in dicalcium phosphate (DCP) and distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) when fed to growing pigs. In Exp. 1, the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD), the basal endogenous P loss ...
Theobald Anita - - 2012
Previous publications on ischaemic myelopathy in cats are limited to single case reports and small case series. The overall prognosis appears poor, with 42% of cats being euthanased. In this study the clinical outcome of 19 cats with a presumptive diagnosis of ischaemic myelopathy [based on clinical and magnetic resonance ...
Li Qin - - 2012
One conceptual mechanism for the induction of associative long-term memory is that a synaptic tag, set by a weak event, can capture plasticity-related proteins from a nearby strong input, thus enabling associativity between the 2 (synaptic tagging and capture, STC). So far, STC has been observed for only a limited ...
Abe Sanae - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: To clarify the mechanism of prostaglandin (PG) analogue-dependent relaxation in ciliary arteries from wild-type (WT) and PG receptor-deficient mice. Methods: The intracellular-free calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) in isolated WT mouse ciliary arteries was measured by fluorescence photometry. Reduction of [Ca(2+)](i) leading to vascular relaxation by PG analogues latanoprost, isopropyl ...
Packnett Elizabeth R - - 2012
Since the start of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom, over 2 million U.S. military members were deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. The estimated prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among soldiers and Marines returning from combat zones varies from 5%-20%; little is known about those individuals whose PTSD ...
Chen Yiping - - 2012
Molecularly imprinted film with diphenolic acid (DPA) as dummy template molecule has been grafted on the surface of Mn doped ZnS quantum dots (QDs) to develop a selective and sensitive sensor for rapid determination of Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) in water and soils. The obtained DPA-MIP-QDs sensor has distinguished selectivity and ...
Shoshani Ofer - - 2012
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are used extensively in clinical trials; however, the potential for malignant transformation of MSCs has been raised. We examined the genomic stability versus the tumor forming capacity of multiple mouse MSCs. Murine MSCs have been shown to be less stable and more prone to malignant transformation ...
Rachmawati Heni - - 2012
Curcumin, a naturally occuring polyphenolic phytoconstituent, is isolated from the rhizomes of Curcuma longa Linn. (Zingiberaceae). It is water insoluble under acidic or neutral conditions but dissolves in alkaline environment. In neutral or alkaline conditions, curcumin is highly unstable undergoing rapid hydrolytic degradation to feruloyl methane and ferulic acid. Thus, ...
Hidalgo-Tallón Javier - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effectiveness and tolerability of ozone therapy by rectal insufflation as add-on therapy in fibromyalgia management. Design: Patients with fibromyalgia received 24 sessions of ozone therapy during a 12-week period. At each session, the administered dose of ozone was 8 mg ...
Saha S - - 2012
Apart from their role in cardiovascular homeostasis and immunomodulation, aldosterone and cortisol are also implicated in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Furthermore, glycoxidative modifications of lipoproteins are increasingly recognized as an etiological factor for increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in prediabetic individuals. The causative ...
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