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Wakeman Catherine A CA Department of Pathology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, - - 2012
Staphylococcus aureus is a pathogen that infects multiple anatomical sites leading to a diverse array of diseases. Although vertebrates can restrict the growth of invading pathogens by sequestering iron within haem, S. aureus surmounts this challenge by employing high-affinity haem uptake systems. However, the presence of excess haem is highly toxic, ...
Zheng Weihong - - 2012
Epigenetic regulation is involved in numerous physiological and pathogenic processes. Among the key regulators that orchestrate epigenetic signaling are over 50 human protein lysine methyltransferases (PKMTs). Interrogation of the functions of individual PKMTs can be facilitated by target-specific PKMT inhibitors. Given the emerging need for such small molecules, we envisioned ...
Lee Jung Hwa - - 2012
A 3-step asymmetric approach toward the optically active chiral cyclohex-2-enones from anisoles has been developed. The crucial asymmetric induction step is an unprecedented catalytic enantioselective isomerization of β,γ-unsaturated cyclohex-3-en-1-ones to the corresponding α,β-unsaturated chiral enones. This new asymmetric transformation was realized by cooperative iminium-base catalysis with an electronically tunable new ...
Oertell Keriann - - 2012
Recently, we synthesized the first individual β,γ-CHX-dGTP diastereomers [(R)- or (S)-CHX, where X is F or Cl] and determined their structures in ternary complexes with DNA polymerase β (pol β). We now report stereospecificity by pol β on the mixed β,γ-CHX diastereomer pairs using nuclear magnetic resonance and on the ...
Ayub Mariam M Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 3TA, United - - 2012
Protein nanopores are under investigation as key components of rapid, low-cost platforms to sequence DNA molecules. Previously, it has been shown that the α-hemolysin (αHL) nanopore contains three recognition sites, capable of discriminating between individual DNA bases when oligonucleotides are immobilized within the nanopore. However, the direct sequencing of RNA ...
Sugishima Masakazu - - 2012
Heme oxygenase (HO) catalyzes heme degradation, one of its products being carbon monoxide (CO). It is well known that CO has a higher affinity for heme iron than does molecular oxygen (O(2)); therefore, CO is potentially toxic. Because O(2) is required for the HO reaction, HO must discriminate effectively between ...
Combs Benjamin B Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Kansas, 1200 Sunnyside Avenue, Lawrence, KS 66045, - - 2012
FTDP-17 mutations in the tau gene lead to early onset frontotemporal dementias characterized by the pathological aggregation of the microtubule-associated protein tau. Tau aggregation is closely correlated with the progression and severity of localized atrophy of certain regions in the brain. These mutations are primarily located in or near the ...
Mattsson Cecilia - - 2012
A series of 1-propyl-4-arylpiperidines were synthesized and their effects on the dopaminergic and serotonergic systems tested in vivo and in vitro. Scaffold jumping among five- and six-membered bicyclic aryl rings attached to the piperidine ring had a marked impact on these effects. Potent and selective dopamine D(2) receptor antagonists were ...
Moore Blake P - - 2012
A high-throughput, cell-based screen was used to identify chemotypes as inhibitors for human respiratory syncytial virus (hRSV). Optimization of a sulfonylpyrrolidine scaffold resulted in compound 5o that inhibited a virus-induced cytopathic effect in the entry stage of infection (EC₅₀ = 2.3 ± 0.8 μM) with marginal cytotoxicity (CC₅₀ = 30.9 ...
de Jonge Tamás - - 2012
Introduction: Endoprosthetic replacement of the large joints is accompanied by major bleeding. During the last few years several authors reported the perioperative administration of tranexamic acid and its beneficial effect on reducing the blood loss. Objectives: In the present study, the author studied the effect of intravenously administered tranexamic acid ...
Major Gyöngyi Petra - - 2012
Introduction: At the Markusovszky Hospital, County Vas, Hungary cardiac magnetic resonance imaging has been routinely used since July, 2009. In the majority of cases this method has been applied for the assessment of myocardial viability in patients with chronic ischemic heart disease and, in a smaller number of cases, for ...
Virágh Eva - - 2012
Introduction: There is growing evidence showing the importance of adequate vitamin D supply for preserving health. Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the vitamin D supply among healthy blood donors and healthy elderly subjects in County Vas, Hungary. Methods: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, intact parathyroid hormone, calcium and ...
Plander Márk - - 2012
Introduction: Minimal residual disease is associated with longer overall survival in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Aim: The aim of the authors was to determine the clinical significance of remission and minimal residual disease on the survival of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Methods: Data from 42 first-line treated patients ...
Iványi János László JL Vas Megyei Markusovszky Kórház, Egyetemi Oktatókórház Nonprofit Zrt. Haematologiai és Haemostaseologiai Osztály, Szombathely. - - 2012
Treatment of immune thrombocytopenia is sometimes difficult and needs personal setting. According to evidence-based guidelines, corticosteroids are suggested for first-line treatment. In case of corticosteroid ineffectiveness, second-line therapeutic options (splenectomy, immunosuppressive drugs and, recently, thrombopoietin-mimetics) may result in beneficial therapeutic effect. The aim of the authors was to examine the ...
Lodato Patricia B PB Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, - - 2012
Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli harbours a pathogenicity island encoding a type 3 secretion system used to translocate effector proteins into the cytosol of intestinal epithelial cells and subvert their function. The structural proteins of the translocon are encoded in a major espADB mRNA processed from a precursor. The translocon mRNA should ...
Combrinck Jill M - - 2013
By using cell fractionation and measurement of Fe(III)heme-pyridine, the antimalarial chloroquine (CQ) has been shown to cause a dose-dependent decrease in hemozoin and concomitant increase in toxic free heme in cultured Plasmodium falciparum that is directly correlated with parasite survival. Transmission electron microscopy techniques have further shown that heme is ...
Fergusson Dean A - - 2012
Even though red blood cells (RBCs) are lifesaving in neonatal intensive care, transfusing older RBCs may result in higher rates of organ dysfunction, nosocomial infection, and length of hospital stay. To determine if RBCs stored for 7 days or less compared with usual standards decreased rates of major nosocomial infection ...
Chen Yundai - - 2012
Aims: This multi-centre, randomised, double-blind study compared the nephrotoxicity of low-osmolar, low-viscous iopromide and iso-osmolar, high-viscous iodixanol in Chinese patients with moderate renal dysfunction, after coronary angiography or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods and results: The primary endpoint was contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) on day 3, defined as a post-dose increase ...
Baschant Ulrike - - 2012
Glucocorticoids have potent anti-inflammatory effects and have been used to treat patients with rheumatoid arthritis for more than 60 years. However, severe adverse effects of glucocorticoid treatment, including loss of bone mass and increased risk of fractures, are common. Data from studies of glucocorticoid-mediated gene regulation, which utilized conditional knockout ...
Gao Xiang - - 2012
Encapsulation of hydrophobic agents in polymer micelles can improve the water solubility of cargos, contributing to develop novel drugs. Quercetin (QU) is a hydrophobic agent with potential anticancer activity. In this work, we encapsulated QU into biodegradable monomethoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(ε-caprolactone) (MPEG-PCL) micelles and tried to provide proof-of-principle for treating ovarian ...
Gerber Lukas C - - 2012
Living materials: Artificial biological niches are loaded with the penicillin-producing mold Penicillium chrysogenum. This living material consumes food through a nanoporous top layer and releases the antibiotic on-site. No reloading of the active compound is needed. Gram-positive bacteria were efficiently killed if nearby, whereas Gram-negative bacteria (control experiment, not sensitive ...
Kollei Ines - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Research on the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in individuals with eating disorders (EDs) is scarce. Nonweight-related appearance concerns, which can be considered as variants of BDD concerns, have also rarely been examined in EDs. This study therefore investigates BDD prevalence and nonweight-related appearance concerns in EDs. METHOD: ...
Planamente Sara - - 2012
GABA acts as an intercellular signal in eukaryotes and as an interspecies signal in host-microbe interactions. Structural characteristics of selective eukaryotic GABA receptors and bacterial GABA sensors are unknown. Here, we identified the selective GABA-binding protein, called Atu4243, in the plant pathogen Agrobacterium tumefaciens. A constructed atu4243 mutant was affected ...
Pehere Ashok D - - 2012
A new approach to non-covalent peptide-based nanotubular or rod-like structures is presented, whereby the monomeric units are preorganised into a β-strand geometry that templates the formation of an extended and unusual parallel β-sheet rod-like structure. The conformational constraint is introduced by Huisgen cycloaddition to give a triazole-based macrocycle, with the ...
Dmitrienko Alex - - 2012
Much progress has been made over the past decade with the development of novel methods for addressing increasingly more complex multiplicity problems arising in confirmatory Phase III clinical trials. This includes traditional problems with a single source of multiplicity, for example, analysis of multiple endpoints or dose-placebo contrasts. In addition, ...
Dalleur Olivia - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Over the last few years, the Screening Tool of Older Person's Prescriptions (STOPP) and Screening Tool to Alert doctors to Right Treatment (START) criteria have been increasingly used to evaluate the prevalence of inappropriate prescribing. However, very few studies have evaluated the link between these criteria and clinical outcomes. ...
Wyatt J E - - 2012
With the beginning of the Human Genome Project, an emerging field of science was brought to the forefront of the pharmaceutical community. Pharmacogenetics facilitates optimization of the current patient-centered care model and pharmacotherapy as a whole. Utilizing these ever-expanding branches of science to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can provide novel ...
Dixit Shreya - - 2012
Irritant contact dermatitis is a common cause of chronic vulvitis in patients wearing diapers and incontinence garments. In most cases the diagnosis is obvious; however, atypical presentations may mimic more serious dermatoses. We present a 4-year-old girl who presented at birth with cloacal atresia corrected surgically and resulting in chronic ...
Catalão Maria João - - 2012
Bacteriophages have developed multiple host cell lysis strategies to promote release of descendant virions from infected bacteria. This review is focused on the lysis mechanisms employed by tailed double-stranded DNA bacteriophages, where new developments have recently emerged. These phages seem to use a least common denominator to induce lysis, the ...
Tobler Amy L - - 2012
Objectives. We examined perceived frequency and intensity of racial/ethnic discrimination and associations with high-risk behaviors/conditions among adolescents. Design. With surveys from 2490 racial/ethnic minority adolescents primarily with low socioeconomic status, we used regression analysis to examine associations between racial/ethnic discrimination and behavioral health outcomes (alcohol use, marijuana use, physical aggression, ...
Yamada Hiroko - - 2012
Hole mobility was evaluated by top-contact bottom gate field effect transistor and time resolved microwave conductivity measurements in 2,6-dithienylanthracene and hexyl-substituted 2,6-dithienylanthracene films prepared by spin-coating of their α-diketone precursors followed by photoirradiation, revealing enough high potentials for semiconducting films with charge carrier mobilities of 0.8-0.9 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) in ...
Reger Daniel L - - 2012
The reaction of M(BF(4))(2)·xH(2)O, where M is Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), and Cd(II), with the new ditopic ligand m-bis[bis(3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl)methyl]benzene (L(m)*) leads to the formation of monofluoride-bridged dinuclear metallacycles of the formula [M(2)(μ-F)(μ-L(m)*)(2)](BF(4))(3). The analogous manganese(II) species, [Mn(2)(μ-F)(μ-L(m)*)(2)](ClO(4))(3), was isolated starting with Mn(ClO(4))(2)·6H(2)O using NaBF(4) as the source of the ...
Bellantuono Cesario - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Escitalopram (ESC) is considered one of the most effective selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors for the treatment of major depression. However, little is known on its potential risk of inducing major malformations (MMs) and perinatal complications (PCs). Hence, aim of the present study is to provide a comprehensive review of ...
Miura Tomoya - - 2012
Enaminones are synthesized by the rhodium(II)-catalyzed denitrogenative rearrangement reaction of 1-(N-sulfonyl-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)alkanols, which are readily prepared from propargylic alcohols and N-sulfonyl azides. Intramolecular 1,2-hydride (or -alkyl) migration occurs with an intermediary α-imino rhodium(II) carbenoid species generated through denitrogenation of the 1,2,3-triazol-4-yl moiety.
Murray Caroline - - 2012
The combination of Jahn-Teller distortion and chelating ligands produces a fine balance between competing coordination modes in manganese(iii) resulting in well-ordered co-crystallization of two distinct assemblies from one set of components under a single set of conditions.
Palla Amruth R - - 2012
Follicular lymphoma (FL) is the most common type of indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Although the introduction of the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab has represented a major breakthrough, FL remains incurable with standard chemoimmunotherapies. The goals of therapy in symptomatic FL patients include the following: obtaining high response rates, extending the duration ...
Pouthier Vincent - - 2012
A communication protocol is proposed in which vibron-mediated quantum state transfer takes place in a molecular lattice. We consider two distant molecular groups grafted on each side of the lattice. These groups form two quantum computers where vibrational qubits are implemented and received. The lattice defines the communication channel along ...
Suh Hyun Sang - - 2012
To establish safe and efficient transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), it is of particular importance to understand the electrical effects of tDCS in the brain. Since the current density (CD) and electric field (EF) in the brain generated by tDCS depend on various factors including complex head geometries and electrical ...
Haer-Wigman Lonneke - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The presence of a D variant may hamper correct serologic D typing, which may result in D immunization. D variants can be determined via RHD genotyping. However, a convenient single assay to identify D variants is still lacking. We developed and evaluated a multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) assay ...
Kritzinger E C - - 2012
A novel, robust and fast ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-MS method has been developed for the simultaneous quantification of reduced glutathione (GSH) and oxidised glutathione (GSSG) in grape juice, wine and model wine solution. Sample preparation is minimal and does not require derivatisation. The method has very good performance in terms ...
Furtado Paulo Sampaio - - 2012
Disorders of sex development (DSDs) are estimated to be prevalent in 0.1-2% of the global population, although these figures are unlikely to adequately represent non-white patients as they are largely based on studies performed in Europe and the USA. Possible causes of DSDs include disruptions to gene expression and regulation-processes ...
Lock Nina - - 2012
Complementary experimental techniques and ab initio calculations were used to determine the origin and nature of negative thermal expansion (NTE) in the archetype metal-organic framework MOF-5 (Zn(4)O(1,4-benzenedicarboxylate)(3)). The organic linker was probed by inelastic neutron scattering under vacuum and at a gas pressure of 175 bar to distinguish between the ...
Han Moon Gyu - - 2012
An electrically tunable photonic crystal is developed utilizing crystalline colloidal arrays of high refractive index particles. Through modulation of the refractive index of the particle, and the applied electric field, both the bandwidth and position of the photonic bandgap could be tuned. Full color modulation with high optical quality is ...
Mfecane Sakhumzi - - 2012
This paper describes challenges that men living with HIV experience in negotiating condom use with sexual partners. After testing HIV-positive, the men in this study attended support groups of people living with HIV. Here they were taught to behave 'responsibly' by adopting safer sex measures. However, some men faced strong ...
Hammer M B - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia (ARCA) comprises a large and heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders. We studied three families diagnosed with ARCA. METHODS: To determine the gene lesions responsible for their disorders, we performed high-density single-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping and exome sequencing. RESULTS: We identified a new mutation in the SACS ...
Loots Leigh - - 2012
A second polymorphic form of a 1 : 2 : 3 pamoate : DABCO : water salt has been obtained by liquid-assisted grinding, and it is shown that interconversion between this salt and a salt with 1 : 1 : 2 stoichiometry is facile via liquid-assisted grinding with additional amounts of pamoic acid (to generate the 1 : 1 : 2 salt) or DABCO (to generate ...
Ascherio Alberto - - 2012
Although strong genetic determinants of multiple sclerosis (MS) exist, the findings of migration studies support a role for environmental factors in this disease. Through rigorous epidemiological investigation, Epstein-Barr virus infection, vitamin D nutrition and cigarette smoking have been identified as likely causal factors in MS. In this Review, the strength ...
Ahn Jungoh - - 2012
The removal of Gal80 protein by gene disruption turned into efficient GAL promoter-driven heterologous gene expression under anaerobic alcoholic fermentation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. By using lipase B from C. antarctica as a reporter, the relative strength of GAL10 promoter (P(GAL) (10) ) in Δgal80 mutant that does not require galactose ...
Caballero Esmeralda - - 2012
Facing facts: Coordination of Cp*Ru (Cp*=C(5) Me(5) ) to the concave and convex π surfaces of subphthalocyanines constitutes a new approach to the functionalization of subazaporphyrins. While the convex face shows higher reactivity, coordination to the concave side produces a stronger diatropic influence on the Cp* ligand and a greater ...
Colón Santana J A - - 2012
The local metallicities of Hf(0.97)Gd(0.03)O(2), Ga(0.97)Gd(0.03)N, Eu(0.97)Gd(0.04)O and EuO films were studied through a comparison of the findings from constant initial state spectroscopy using synchrotron light. Resonant enhancements, corresponding to the 4d → 4f transitions of Eu and Gd, were observed in some of the valence band photoemission features. The ...
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