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Noble Denis - - 2012
This article explores the relativistic principle that there is no privileged scale of causality in biology to clarify the relationships between genomes and phenotypes. The idea that genetic causes are primary views the genome as a program. Initially, that view was vindicated by the discovery of mutations and knockouts that ...
Seok Hyun - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Local corticosteroid (CS) injection has been widely used to treat carpal tunnel syndrome, but its invasiveness can cause several complications. In this study, the authors tested the efficacy of a new treatment method, extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT), compared with CS injection. DESIGN: The authors carried out a randomized ...
Ke Cherng-Jyh - - 2012
Chemotherapy research highly prioritizes overcoming the multi-drug resistance (MDR) effect in cancer cells. To overcome the drug efflux mediated by P-glycoprotein (P-gp) transporters, we developed pH-responsive poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) hollow particles (PLGA HPs), capable of delivering doxorubicin (DOX) into MDR cells (MCF-7/ADR). The shell wall of PLGA HPs contained DiO (a ...
Martins V - - 2012
An in vitro dose-response curve following exposure to γ-radiation was determined at the IST/ITN, by use of the chromosomal aberration assay. This is the first study of this kind carried out among the Portuguese population. Un-irradiated and γ-irradiated peripheral blood lymphocytes from 16 healthy donors were cultured. A total of ...
Edens Chris - - 2012
Measles vaccination programs would benefit from delivery methods that decrease cost, simplify logistics, and increase safety. Conventional subcutaneous injection is limited by the need for skilled healthcare professionals to reconstitute and administer injections, and by the need for safe needle handling and disposal to reduce the risk of disease transmission ...
Rodriguez-Lorenzo Andres - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Distal nerve transfers have proven to be an important addition to the armamentarium for reconstruction of peripheral nerve injuries. As new nerve transfer procedures are developed, the indications for their use continue to broaden. We report a case of a 77-year-old male who had a 9-cm-long gap of the ...
Acklin Yves P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Locking-plate osteosynthesis is a well-established treatment option for proximal humerus fractures. The standard approach is delta-pectoral, but few data using the minimally invasive antero-lateral delta-split approach exist. The aim of the study was to prospectively evaluate shoulder function and radiological outcome after a minimally invasive antero-lateral delta-split approach. MATERIALS ...
Sarifakioglu Ayse Banu - - 2012
ABSTRACT: This report describes a case of cauda equina syndrome possibly caused by arachnoiditis due to levobupivacaine after spinal-epidural anesthesia. A 39-yr-old woman delivered by cesarean section under a combined spinal-epidural anesthesia. After an uneventful procedure and surgery, she complained of weakness in her lower extremities, which increased in a ...
Mohana Subramanian B - - 2012
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is an economically significant viral disease that rampage dairy and other livestock industries in many countries. The disease is being controlled by the use of an inactivated vaccine. However, a recombinant marker vaccine, which avoids the use of live virus, may be an option for the unambiguous ...
Nelson Leigh A - - 2012
Members of the Calliphoridae (blowflies) are significant for medical and veterinary management, due to the ability of some species to consume living flesh as larvae, and for forensic investigations due to the ability of others to develop in corpses. Due to the difficulty of accurately identifying larval blowflies to species ...
Sultana Rukhsana - - 2012
Lipid peroxidation involves a cascade of reactions in which production of free radicals occurs selectively in the lipid components of cellular membranes. Polyunsaturated fatty acids easily undergo lipid peroxidation chain reactions, which, in turn, lead to the formation of highly reactive electrophilic aldehydes. Among these, the most abundant aldehydes are ...
Scorolli Claudia - - 2012
An important challenge of embodied theories is to explain the comprehension of abstract sentences. The aim of the present study was to scrutinize the role of the motor cortex in this process. We developed a new paradigm to study the abstract-concrete dimension by combining concrete (i.e. action-related) and abstract (i.e. ...
Yan Nan - - 2012
Esophageal (SE) and tracheoesophageal (TE) speech are the most commonly used alaryngeal voicing types after total laryngectomy-a surgical procedure of removing a pathological larynx. Both SE and TE voices show more aperiodicity than normal laryngeal (NL) voices, and the vocal characteristics of alaryngeal voices are notoriously difficult to extract. The ...
Cardoso Claudia - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, defined as the presence of HBV DNA in the liver (with detectable or undetectable HBV DNA in the serum), has been reported in patients with chronic hepatitis C. Some data suggest its association with a more severe liver disease and a worse response ...
Ferry N - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the clinical differences of the Dupuytren's disease in gender. Testosterone induces an increase of the Dupuytren's fibroblast proliferation via androgen's receptors. Testosterone rate increases during pregnancy and menopausis. We also reached a link between this factors and the clinical aspects of ...
Li Zongzhe - - 2012
Renal hypouricemia (RHUC), as an infrequent hereditary disease, is associated with severe complications such as exercise-induced acute renal failure (EIARF). Loss-of-function mutations in urate transporter gene URAT1 (Type 1) and in glucose transporter gene GLUT9 (Type 2) are major causes of this disorder. In this study, URAT1 and GLUT9 were ...
Friedman Sarah - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: The objective was to estimate the effect of vaginal childbirth and other obstetric exposures on pelvic muscle strength 6-11 years after delivery and to investigate the relationship between pelvic muscle strength and pelvic floor disorders. METHODS:: Among 666 parous women, pelvic muscle strength was measured with a perineometer 6-11 ...
Moon Sung-Hwan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) hold great promise for treating ischemic heart disease. However, current protocols for differentiating hPSCs either result in low yields or require expensive cytokines. METHODS: Here we developed a novel two dimensional (2D) stepwise differentiation system that generates a high yield of cardiomyocytes (CMs) from ...
Godfrey Emily M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Unscheduled uterine bleeding is common among women who choose extended or continuous combined hormonal contraception and may subsequently lead to method discontinuation. This systematic review evaluates the evidence on treatments for unscheduled bleeding for women using continuous or extended combined hormonal contraception. STUDY DESIGN: We searched the PubMed database ...
Shammas Nicolas W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Treatment of in-stent restenosis of the femoropopliteal (FP) arteries is challenging with a high rate of restenosis. Excimer laser atherectomy (ELA) has a theoretical advantage of ablating restenotic tissue and reducing or delaying the need for repeat revascularization. We present a retrospective analysis from our center on the outcomes ...
Kholghi Oskooei Vahid - - 2013
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a multiorganic autosomal recessive disorder, caused by mutation in cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). CF is highly heterogeneous in Iranian population and molecular diagnosis based on direct identification of mutations is not completely efficient. The use of polymorphic intragenic markers not only can facilitate phenotype ...
Asadi M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: A major controversial issue in the sentinel node biopsy of the breast is the applicability of sentinel node mapping in patients with the history of previous excisional biopsy of the breast lesions. In the current study, we evaluated the reproducibility of lymphoscintigraphy before and after excisional biopsy of the ...
Kylin H - - 2012
Environmental monitoring of pesticide residues in surface water is often done with time-integrated sampling where a specified volume is sampled each hour during, e.g., a week, thus avoiding at momentary high or low extreme concentrations. However, sampling over an extended period of time can result in losses of easily degradable ...
Boivin Nicolas - - 2012
We evaluated the effects of agonists and antagonist of toll-like receptor (TLR) 9 in comparison with a TLR3 agonist in a mouse model of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) encephalitis (HSE). BALB/c mice received a single intranasal dose of either a TLR3 agonist (polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid; PIC), TLR9 agonists (oligodeoxynucleotides ...
Berridge Brian R - - 2012
Cardiovascular (CV) safety concerns are a significant source of drug development attrition in the pharmaceutical industry today. Though current nonclinical testing paradigms have largely prevented catastrophic CV events in Phase I studies, many challenges relating to the inability of current nonclinical safety testing strategies to model patient outcomes persist. Contemporary ...
Amerizadeh Atefeh - - 2012
Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Chronically-infected individuals with a compromised immune system are at risk for reactivation of the disease. In-vivo induced antigen technology (IVIAT) is a promising method for the identification of antigens expressed in-vivo. The aim of the present study was to apply ...
Ukuwela Kanishka D B - - 2012
We present a striking case of phenotypic convergence within the speciose and taxonomically unstable Hydrophis group of viviparous sea snakes. Enhydrina schistosa, the 'beaked sea snake', is abundant in coastal and inshore habitats throughout the Asian and Australian regions, where it is responsible for the large majority of recorded deaths ...
Hemmer Laura B - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Motor evoked potentials (MEP) have become a useful modality for intraoperative monitoring of motor pathway integrity. Despite this, MEP use in intracranial neurovascular surgery is often not employed because of concern for unacceptable patient movement. We reviewed our experience with MEP monitoring during intracranial aneurysm surgery to determine the ...
Carey John C - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: At the time of diagnosis of the trisomy 18 and trisomy 13, parents and care providers face difficult and challenging decisions regarding management. Because of the increased infant mortality and developmental outcome associated with both conditions, the conventional approach to management has been to withhold technological support. ...
Hazen Kevin C - - 2012
Dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) binds within the plasma membrane of cells and increases membrane permeability. DMSO is used in antifungal (AF) susceptibility assays for water insoluble agents. DMSO was observed to cause Candida albicans to express enhanced, diminished, or no change in growth compared to control medium, suggesting DMSO could influence the ...
Pronker E S - - 2012
As infectious diseases cause approximately 25% of the annual global mortality, vaccines are found to be a time proven and promising response to infectious disease need. However, like for pharmaceutical small molecules, vaccine development is lengthy, risky and resource demanding. Faced with an attrition rate estimated around 80%, key opinion ...
Sweet Linda P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Midwifery students, clinicians and educators in Australia identified the need for improved feedback for midwifery students whilst they are on clinical placement; in particular formative assessment. The miniCEX or mini-clinical evaluation exercise is one approach to assessment that has been proven valid and reliable in medical education. The aim ...
Gonçalves Flavia M - - 2012
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are involved in the disruption of blood-brain barrier (BBB) during migraine attacks. In the present study, we hypothesized that two functional polymorphisms (C(-1306)T and C(-735)T) in MMP-2 gene and MMP-2 haplotypes are associated with migraine and modify MMP-2 and tissue inhibitor of MMP (TIMP)-2 levels in migraine. ...
Barttfeld Pablo - - 2012
Anatomical and functional brain studies have converged to the hypothesis that Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are associated with atypical connectivity. Using a modified resting-state paradigm to drive subjects' attention, we provide evidence of a very marked interaction between ASD brain functional connectivity and cognitive state. We show that functional connectivity ...
Lupo C - - 2012
Current ante mortem inspection involves a check of relevant Food Chain Information (FCI) transmitted by the farmer to the slaughterhouse on a regulatory FCI document. Since 2000, a farm sanitary form with FCI data has been used for all consignments of broiler chickens in France. However, the FCI needs to ...
Bonetti Ana - - 2012
This article presents preliminary results of cultural adaptation and validation of the Croatian version of Voice Handicap Index (VHI). The translated version was completed by 38 subjects with voice disorders and 30 subjects without voice complaints. Compared with the subjects in the control group, subjects with voice disorders had significantly ...
Mas Emmanuel - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The role of tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in the development of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis remains unclear. AIMS: We evaluated the role of TNF-α and NSMAF gene product factor associated with neutral sphingomyelinase activation, a protein adaptor of the TNF-α receptor-1, in a mouse model of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. METHODS: Mice deficient ...
Grishina Inna - - 2012
Posttranslational modification of proteins by lysine acetylation regulates many biological processes ranging from signal transduction to chromatin compaction. Here we identify the acetyl-transferases CBP/p300, Tip60 and PCAF as new substrates for the ubiquitin E3 ligases SIAH1 and SIAH2. While CBP/p300 can undergo ubiquitin/proteasome-dependent degradation by SIAH1 and SIAH2, the two ...
Wu Ting-Ching - - 2012
High level of serum corticosteroid is frequently associated with depression, in which a notable HPA (hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal) axis hyperactivity is often observed. There are two types of corticosteroid receptors expressed in the hippocampus that provide potent negative feedback regulation on the HPA axis but dysfunction during depression, i.e. the glucocorticoid receptor ...
Zhou Lailai - - 2012
Human papillomavirus (HPV) incorporates high-risk HPV (hrHPV) and low-risk HPV (lrHPV) subtypes according to its contribution to oncogenesis. Different HPV subtypes could regulate the cell cycle of infected cells at different levels. To date, the expression of cyclin D1 and cyclin E in Bowenoid papulosis (BP) tissues and its association ...
Binversie J A - - 2012
The objectives were to determine whether rates of conception, ovulation, presynchronization, or follicle and CL characteristics were altered after modifying the Double-Ovsynch (DO) protocol to include hCG compared with the DO protocol. Primiparous and multiparous lactating dairy cows (N = 183), and nulliparous dairy heifers (N = 51) were used. ...
Zheng J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To explore the method of building a stable urethral stricture (US) model in New Zealand white rabbits. METHODS: Through 10X magnification optical microscope, a resection of 1.0cm urethral mucosa was made in 6 male rabbits and other 6 male rabbits were controlled. After 60 days, the rabbits were evaluated ...
Wakasa Yuhya - - 2012
Thioredoxin h (TRX h) functions as a reducing protein and is present in all organisms. As a new approach for inducing the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, TRX h (OsTRX23) was expressed as a secretory protein using the endosperm-specific glutelin GluB-1 promoter and a signal peptide. In transgenic rice seeds, the ...
Lee Kyoung-Hee - - 2012
Alarmins, the endogenous molecules that recruit and activate innate immune cells, are considered as subgroups of damage-associated molecular patterns. Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) is one of putative alarmins together with high mobility group box 1, S100s, interleukin-1α, and annexins. It has cytokine-like functions as well as molecular chaperone functions. ...
Perroud Nader - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Personality traits have been suggested as possible risk factors for suicidal behaviours. Cloninger's model of personality (TCI), given its neurobiological background, might provide an ideal tool for the identification of dimensions associated with suicide attempt. METHODS: A number of 1333 suicide attempters and 589 non-suicide attempters suffering from different ...
Malghem Jacques - - 2012
Necrotizing fasciitis is a rare, rapidly spreading, deep-seated infection causing thrombosis of the blood vessels located in the fascia. Necrotizing fasciitis is a surgical emergency. The diagnosis typically relies on clinical findings of severe sepsis and intense pain, although subacute forms may be difficult to recognize. Imaging studies can help ...
Dorandeu Frederic - - 2012
Organophosphorus nerve agents (NA), potent irreversible cholinesterase inhibitors, could induce severe seizures, status epilepticus (SE), seizure-related brain damage (SRBD) and lethality. Despite the lack of data in the case of NA, clinical evidences suggest that SE survivors could suffer from neurological / cognitive deficits and impairments such as spontaneous recurrent ...
Tanaka Makoto - - 2012
Elderly people often develop sleep and autonomic dysfunctions, which are regulated by circadian rhythm. Recently, we reported on the degradation of neural output from the central circadian clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) with aging. However, it is likely that many other factors contribute to the age-related decline in the ...
Cain Mary E - - 2012
Differential rearing decreases psychostimulant-induced hyperactivity. In general, environmental enrichment decreases the locomotor response to low unit doses of psychostimuluants, whereas isolation increases the response. It is not clear whether the changes in locomotor activity are due to an enrichment-induced decrease or an isolation-induced increase. Therefore, the current experiments examined the ...
Zhou Lu-Yu - - 2012
Cardiac hypertrophic program is a chronic, complex process, and occurs in response to long-term increases of hemodynamic load related to a variety of pathophysiological conditions. Mitochondria, known as "the cellular power plants", occupy about one-third of cardiomyocyte volume and supply roughly 90% of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Impairment of energy ...
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