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Shakya Holly B - - 2012
To evaluate the relationship between the parenting style of an adolescent's peers' parents and an adolescent's substance use. Longitudinal survey. Adolescents across the United States were interviewed at school and at home. Nationally representative sample of adolescents in the United States. Authoritative vs neglectful parenting style of adolescent's parents and ...
Osypuk Theresa L - - 2012
CONTEXT Extensive observational evidence indicates that youth in high-poverty neighborhoods exhibit poor mental health, although not all children may be affected similarly. OBJECTIVE To use experimental evidence to assess whether gender and family health problems modify the mental health effects of moving from high- to low-poverty neighborhoods. DESIGN Randomized controlled ...
Yu Xufen X Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Hawai'i at Hilo, Hilo, HI, - - 2012
Development of small molecule drug-like inhibitors blocking both nitric oxide synthase and NFκB could offer a synergistic therapeutic approach in the prevention and treatment of inflammation and cancer. During the course of evaluating the biological potential of a commercial compound library, 2-phenylindole (1) displayed inhibitory activity against nitrite production and ...
Sala Osvaldo E OE School of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA. - - 2012
Variability of above-ground net primary production (ANPP) of arid to sub-humid ecosystems displays a closer association with precipitation when considered across space (based on multiyear averages for different locations) than through time (based on year-to-year change at single locations). Here, we propose a theory of controls of ANPP based on ...
Thomas Andrew D AD Institute of Geography & Earth Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth, UK. - - 2012
Biological soil crusts (BSCs) are an important source of organic carbon, and affect a range of ecosystem functions in arid and semiarid environments. Yet the impact of grazing disturbance on crust properties and soil CO(2) efflux remain poorly studied, particularly in African ecosystems. The effects of burial under wind-blown sand, ...
Maestre Fernando T - - 2012
Drylands occupy large portions of the Earth, and are a key terrestrial biome from the socio-ecological point of view. In spite of their extent and importance, the impacts of global environmental change on them remain poorly understood. In this introduction, we review some of the main expected impacts of global ...
D'Odorico Paolo P Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA. - - 2012
Research on ecosystem and societal response to global environmental change typically considers the effects of shifts in mean climate conditions. There is, however, some evidence of ongoing changes also in the variance of hydrologic and climate fluctuations. A relatively high interannual variability is a distinctive feature of the hydrologic regime ...
Escolar Cristina C Área de Biodiversidad y Conservación, Departamento de Biología y Geología, Escuela Superior de Ciencias Experimentales y Tecnología, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Móstoles 28933, Spain. - - 2012
Biological soil crusts (BSCs) are key biotic components of dryland ecosystems worldwide that control many functional processes, including carbon and nitrogen cycling, soil stabilization and infiltration. Regardless of their ecological importance and prevalence in drylands, very few studies have explicitly evaluated how climate change will affect the structure and composition ...
Huber-Sannwald Elisabeth E División de Ciencias Ambientales, Instituto Potosino de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica (IPICYT), San Luis Potosí SLP, Mexico. - - 2012
Drylands are one of the most diverse yet highly vulnerable social-ecological systems on Earth. Water scarcity has contributed to high levels of heterogeneity, variability and unpredictability, which together have shaped the long coadaptative process of coupling humans and nature. Land degradation and desertification in drylands are some of the largest ...
Dougill Andrew J AJ School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK. - - 2012
Climate finance investments and international policy are driving new community-based projects incorporating payments for ecosystem services (PES) to simultaneously store carbon and generate livelihood benefits. Most community-based PES (CB-PES) research focuses on forest areas. Rangelands, which store globally significant quantities of carbon and support many of the world's poor, have ...
González-Megías Adela A Departamento de Zoología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain. - - 2012
Individual species respond to climate change by altering their abundance, distribution and phenology. Less is known, however, about how climate change affects multitrophic interactions, and its consequences for food-web dynamics. Here, we investigate the effect of future changes in rainfall patterns on detritivore-plant-herbivore interactions in a semiarid region in southern ...
Salguero-Gómez Roberto R Evolutionary Biodemography Laboratory, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany. - - 2012
Desert species respond strongly to infrequent, intense pulses of precipitation. Consequently, indigenous flora has developed a rich repertoire of life-history strategies to deal with fluctuations in resource availability. Examinations of how future climate change will affect the biota often forecast negative impacts, but these-usually correlative-approaches overlook precipitation variation because they ...
Lan Zhichun Z State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2012
The increase in nutrient availability as a consequence of elevated nitrogen (N) deposition is an important component of global environmental change. This is likely to substantially affect the functioning and provisioning of ecosystem services by drylands, where water and N are often limited. We tested mechanisms of chronic N-enrichment-induced plant ...
Park Walter D WD William J von Liebig Transplant Center, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2012
After the first year after kidney transplantation, 3% to 5% of grafts fail each year but detailed studies of how grafts progress to failure are lacking. This study aimed to analyze the functional stability of kidney transplants between 1 and 5 years after transplantation and to identify initially well-functioning grafts ...
Modugno Francesmary F Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, - - 2012
Ovarian cancer is the sixth most common cancer worldwide among women in developed countries and the most lethal of all gynecologic malignancies. There is a critical need for the introduction of targeted therapies to improve outcome. Epidemiological evidence suggests a critical role for steroid hormones in ovarian tumorigenesis. There is ...
Shental Omri - - 2012
Rates of postoperative complications are particularly high among patients with Crohn's disease. The aim of this study was to assess whether positive inflammatory histological margins, among other factors, pose a risk for intra-abdominal septic complications in patients with Crohn's disease undergoing ileocolic resection. A retrospective study of patient records, during ...
Sun Yanxia - - 2012
Postoperative pain management remains a significant challenge after abdominal surgery. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the efficacy of systemic lidocaine for postoperative pain management and recovery after abdominal surgery. Data were derived from Medline (1966-2010), CINAHL, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Scopus. Randomized controlled ...
Liu Wing-Yee - - 2012
Enterobacter cloacae subsp. cloacae strain ENHKU01 is a Gram-negative endophyte isolated from a diseased pepper (Capsicum annuum) plant in Hong Kong. This is the first complete genome sequence report of a plant-endophytic strain of E. cloacae subsp. cloacae.
Flamand Véronique H - - 2012
Muscle spasticity in pediatric cerebral palsy limits movement and disrupts motor performance, thus its reduction is important in rehabilitation to optimize functional motor development. Our pilot study used repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation, because this emerging technology influences spinal and cerebral synaptic transmission, and its antispastic effects were reported in adult ...
Dam Bomba - - 2012
Methylocystis sp. strain SC2 is an aerobic type II methanotroph isolated from a highly polluted aquifer in Germany. A specific trait of the SC2 strain is the expression of two isozymes of particulate methane monooxygenase with different methane oxidation kinetics. Here we report the complete genome sequence of this methanotroph ...
Timme Ruth E - - 2012
Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Enteritidis is a common food-borne pathogen, often associated with shell eggs and poultry. Here, we report draft genomes of 21 S. Enteritidis strains associated with or related to the U.S.-wide 2010 shell egg recall. Eleven of these genomes were from environmental isolates associated with the ...
Tao Fei - - 2012
Pseudomonas putida strain S12, a well-studied solvent-tolerant bacterium, is considered a platform strain for the production of many chemicals. Here, we present a 6.28-Mb assembly of its genome sequence. We have annotated 32 coding sequences (CDSs) encoding efflux systems of organic compounds and 195 CDSs responsible for the metabolism of ...
Cannon Jamie A - - 2012
: Surgical site infection is a major cause of morbidity after colorectal resections. Despite evidence that preoperative oral antibiotics with mechanical bowel preparation reduce surgical site infection rates, the use of oral antibiotics is decreasing. Currently, the administration of oral antibiotics is controversial and considered ineffective without mechanical bowel preparation. ...
You Yuanhai - - 2012
A scarlet fever outbreak caused by Streptococcus pyogenes occurred in China in 2011. To determine the genomic features of the outbreak strains, we deciphered genomes of two strains isolated from the regions with the highest incidence rates. The sequences will provide valuable information for comprehensive study of mechanisms related to ...
Hayashi Hitomi - - 2012
We assessed whether disease activity was associated with dietary habits, nutritional status, adipokines, and oxidative stress in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The subjects were 37 patients with RA. The assessment of the nutritional status included anthropometric and biochemical parameters. A food-frequency questionnaire and a 3-d diet record to assess dietary ...
Vaccaro Carlos A - - 2012
: Body surface area is a measurement of body size used in clinical settings. Its impact on laparoscopic colorectal surgery has not been previously studied. : The aim of this study was to assess the impact of body surface area on the conversion rate and laparoscopic operative time. : This ...
Giolo De Carvalho Flávia - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional zinc (Zn) status of elite swimmers during different training periods. A longitudinal paired study was performed at the University of Sao Paulo in eight male swimmers 18 to 25 y old who had been swimming competitively at the state and ...
Ponraj Paramasivan - - 2012
Here we report the genome sequence of a plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium, Pseudomonas putida S11. The length of the draft genome sequence is approximately 5,970,799 bp, with a G+C content of 62.4%. The genome contains 6,076 protein-coding sequences.
Wallaert Jessica B JB Section of General Surgery, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03766, - - 2012
Although it is commonly reported that IBD patients are at increased risk for venous thromboembolic events, little real-world data exist regarding their postoperative incidence and related outcomes in everyday practice. We aimed to identify the rate of venous thromboembolism and modifiable risk factors within a large cohort of surgical IBD ...
Fournier Pierre-Edouard - - 2012
Kingella kingae is a betaproteobacterium from the order Neisseriales, and it is an agent of invasive infections in children. We sequenced the genome from the septic arthritis strain 11220434. It is composed of a 1,990,794-bp chromosome but no plasmid, and it contains 2,042 protein-coding genes and 52 RNA genes, including ...
Mott Jared - - 2012
Central nervous system manifestations of acute myeloid leukemia are rare at presentation. Acute cranial nerve findings on neurologic examination can be indications for brain imaging. Magnetic resonance imaging can highlight cranial nerves emerging from the brainstem, particularly if they are gadolinium-enhanced or thickened. We describe a 15-month-old girl with acute ...
Wacker Bradley K BK Department of Neurosurgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, - - 2012
The induction of ischemic tolerance by preconditioning provides a platform to elucidate endogenous mechanisms of stroke protection. In these studies, we characterize the relationship between hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF), sphingosine kinase 2 (SphK2), and chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) in models of hypoxic or pharmacological preconditioning-induced ischemic tolerance. A genetics-based ...
Connelly Tara M - - 2012
: Anal complications of Crohn's disease range from painless skin tags to debilitating fistulas that are imperfectly treated with tumor necrosis factor antagonists. The recent discovery of more than 190 single-nucleotide polymorphisms associated with Crohn's disease offers the opportunity to genetically define the severity of anal disease in Crohn's disease ...
Lucas Susan - - 2012
Marinitoga piezophila KA3 is a thermophilic, anaerobic, chemoorganotrophic, sulfur-reducing bacterium isolated from the Grandbonum deep-sea hydrothermal vent site at the East Pacific Rise (13°N, 2,630-m depth). The genome of M. piezophila KA3 comprises a 2,231,407-bp circular chromosome and a 13,386-bp circular plasmid. This genome was sequenced within Department of Energy ...
Cantarín-Extremera Verónica - - 2012
Hopkins syndrome occurs after an acute asthma attack. An immune-mediated mechanism has been suggested. Immunoglobulin or methylprednisone pulse therapies comprise the most useful treatment. We describe a 3-year-old girl who developed severe weakness in her left arm, 7 days after an acute asthma attack. A complete blood count with autoimmune ...
Koyama Ken Ichiro - - 2012
Restricting-type anorexia nervosa (AN-R), characterized by severe emaciation with long-term food restriction, is often difficult to treat. The present study investigated the overall intelligence quotient (IQ) scores and cognitive functions of patients with AN-R. Fourteen female inpatients with AN-R (body mass index 12.84 ± 0.41 kg/m(2)) and 10 healthy female ...
Ottenhoff T H M - - 2012
In this review, we discuss the 'knowns' and 'unknowns' of host defence towards Mycobacterium tuberculosis. With regard to the 'knowns', both protective and immunopathogenic mechanisms are discussed, including recently discovered new pathways of host defence and inflammatory immunopathology. With regard to the 'unknowns', there will be emphasis on unanswered key ...
Nam Young-Do - - 2012
Kocuria is a Gram-positive coccus, catalase-positive, coagulase-negative, strictly aerobic bacterial genus in the family Micrococcaceae. Kocuria atrinae C3-8 was isolated from a traditional Korean fermented seafood. This study describes the first genome sequence of K. atrinae strain C3-8, which has a 3.19-Mbp genome and a G+C content of 63.8%.
Nam Young-Do - - 2012
This report describes the draft genome sequence of Staphylococcus lentus F1142, which was isolated from a Korean fermented soybean paste (doenjang). The draft genome sequence contained 2.79 Mbp with a G+C content of 31.8%; this is the first S. lentus genome to be reported.
Chmelnitsky I - - 2012
Extremely drug-resistant (XDR) Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase-producing clone ST258 has rapidly disseminated worldwide. We report here the draft genome sequence of the K. pneumoniae ST258 XDR clinical strain from Israel.
Gan Han Ming - - 2012
Enterobacter sp. strain SST3 is an endophytic bacterium isolated from Saccharum spp. Here we present its annotated draft genome that may shed light on its role as a bacterial endophyte of sugarcane. To our knowledge, this is the first genome announcement of a sugarcane-associated bacterium from the genus Enterobacter.
Conesa-Botella A - - 2012
To examine whether hypovitaminosis D is a risk factor for the development of tuberculosis (TB) associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). We measured serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25D) concentrations in four groups of patients at Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda: 1) patients co-infected with TB and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) receiving ...
Ngeow Yun Fong - - 2012
Mycobacterium abscessus is a ubiquitous, rapidly growing species of nontuberculous mycobacteria that colonizes organic surfaces and is frequently associated with opportunistic infections in humans. We report here the draft genome sequence of Mycobacterium abscessus strain M139, which shows genomic features reported to be characteristic of both Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. abscessus ...
Desiniotis Andreas - - 2012
Zymomonas mobilis is an ethanologenic bacterium that has been studied for use in biofuel production. Of the sequenced Zymomonas strains, ATCC 29191 has been described as the phenotypic centrotype of Zymomonas mobilis subsp. mobilis, the taxon that harbors the highest ethanol-producing Z. mobilis strains. ATCC 29191 was isolated in Kinshasa, ...
Kyriakopoulos Paulina - - 2012
Antenatal tobacco and alcohol exposure are established risk factors for premature birth and an independent risk factor for cerebral palsy. Both exert adverse effects on fetal development. In children with cerebral palsy, whether antenatal exposure to tobacco or alcohol is associated with a difference in clinical profile remains unknown. The ...
Zeuzem S - - 2012
Summary.  It is unclear whether the current threshold for 'high' hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA level (800 000 IU/mL) is optimal for predicting sustained virological response (SVR). We retrospectively analysed pretreatment HCV RNA levels and SVR rates in 1529 mono-infected and 176 HIV-HCV co-infected patients treated with peginterferon alfa-2a (40 kD) plus ribavirin. ...
McGowin Chris L - - 2012
The DNA genome of Mycoplasma genitalium currently represents the smallest of all known human bacterial pathogens. Despite their clinical importance in sexually transmitted infection and relevance as model bacterial pathogens, genomic diversity among M. genitalium strains worldwide is unknown. Herein we present the complete draft genome sequences of four geographically ...
Hou W-L - - 2012
To summarise data on the implementation of the DOTS strategy in China in terms of actual observation and treatment adherence, and to review the effectiveness of quality improvement interventions for tuberculosis (TB) control in China. We included survey studies that reported data on the implementation of DOTS in China and ...
Rückert Christian - - 2012
We report the draft genome sequence of Bacillus anthracis UR-1, isolated from a fatal case of injectional anthrax in a German heroin user. Analysis of the genome sequence of strain UR-1 may aid in describing phylogenetic relationships between virulent heroin-associated isolates of B. anthracis isolated in the United Kingdom, Germany, ...
Kumar Narender - - 2012
The prevalence of different H. pylori genotypes in various geographical regions indicates region-specific adaptations during the course of evolution. Complete genomes of H. pylori from countries with high infection burdens, such as India, have not yet been described. Herein we present genome sequences of two H. pylori strains, NAB47 and ...
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