Search Results
Results 901 - 950 of 2040
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Garolla Andrea - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prevalence, association, and clearance of human papillomavirus (HPV) and antisperm antibodies (ASAs) in infected semen samples from infertile patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional clinical study. SETTING: Andrology and microbiology sections at a university hospital. PATIENT(S): Three groups of subjects: 61 infertile patients with HPV semen infection, 104 noninfected infertile ...
Cator Lauren J - - 2012
Malaria parasites have been suggested to alter the behavior of mosquito vectors to increase the likelihood of transmission. Some empirical evidence supports this hypothesis, yet the role of manipulation is ignored in most epidemiological models, and behavioral differences between infected and uninfected females are not considered in the development or ...
Huang Liyi L Department of Infectious Diseases, First Affiliated College & Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China - - 2012
Sodium azide (NaN(3)) is widely employed to quench singlet oxygen during photodynamic therapy (PDT), especially when PDT is used to kill bacteria in suspension. We observed that addition of NaN(3) (100 μM or 10 mM) to gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and gram-negative Escherichia coli incubated with methylene blue (MB) and illuminated ...
Afsar Baris - - 2013
Cognitive impairment, depression, sleep disorders and impaired quality of life are very common in hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, whether there are any seasonal changes of cognitive impairment, depression, sleep disorders and quality of life in HD patients is not known. The laboratory parameters, depressive symptoms, health-related quality of life, sleep ...
O'Connor Mary-Frances MF Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA. - - 2013
Could sympathetic hyperarousal limit treatment success in complicated grief? The present study investigated persons with complicated grief, a chronic condition with distinct symptoms including persistent intense yearning and longing for the person who died, avoidance of reminders that the person is gone, deep relentless sadness, self-blame, bitterness, or anger in ...
Hershko-Klement Anat - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To describe the obstetric performance of a selected population of twin pregnancies, comparing reduced vs. nonreduced twin pregnancies after the successful completion of the 12th week. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Outpatient fertility center. PATIENT(S): A cohort of 464 twin pregnancies including both ovulation induction and assisted reproductive technology ...
Harris William S WS Sanford School of Medicine, University of South Dakota, Sioux Falls, SD, United States. - - 2013
Blood omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid levels have been associated with reduced risk for total mortality in patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD), but their relationships with mortality in the setting of myocardial infarction (MI) are unknown. To determine the association between red blood cell (RBC) fatty acid levels ...
Van Houcke Sofie K - - 2012
Abstract Clinical samples are the cornerstone in all aspects related to in vitro diagnostic testing. They are particularly valuable in the process of establishing/validating metrological traceability, because they eliminate commutability issues potentially associated with artificial calibrators. Therefore, they are essential for IFCC standardization projects. However, sourcing clinical specimens is particularly ...
Hsu Heng-Jung - - 2013
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who are undergoing maintenance hemodialysis have a higher prevalence of depression than the general population. The underlying cause of this association is unknown, but may be related to accumulation of uremic toxins. Little is known about the association of accumulation of uremic toxins and ...
van den Boogaard Emmy - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the number and sequence of preceding miscarriages and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Recurrent miscarriage (RM) clinic. PATIENT(S): Women who attended the RM clinic from 1988 to 2006. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Number, type, and sequence of previous pregnancies were compared ...
Haberland Annekathrin - - 2012
Abstract Chagas disease, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi infection, is ranked as the most serious parasitic disease in Latin America and has huge potential to become a worldwide problem, due to increasing migration, and international tourism, as well as infectant transfer by blood contact and transfusion, intrauterine transfer, and organ transplantation. ...
Benkabbou Amine - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy (RYHJ) is the most well-accepted treatment for most post-cholecystectomy bile duct injuries (BDI). RYHJ failure is a complex situation that requires expert planning and the possibility of using a combination of operative, radiologic, and endoscopic techniques. The aim of this study was to report our experience with ...
Cerimele Joseph M JM University of Washington School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Box 356560, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. - - 2013
To systematically review the literature to determine if health risk behaviors in patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder are associated with subsequent symptom burden or level of functioning. Using the PRISMA systematic review method we searched PubMed, Cochrane, PsychInfo and EMBASE databases with key words: health risk behaviors, diet, obesity, ...
Bellantuono Cesario - - 2013
Benzodiazepines (BDZs) safety profiles in pregnancy suggest that the risk of major malformations (MMs) cannot be considered simply as a "class effect". The aim of this paper was to review and update the available literature on the risks of MMs in women exposed to BDZs in the first trimester of ...
Gerrits Jeroen H - - 2012
Abstract Background: Surface neutrophil CD64 expression is upregulated in patients with bacterial infection. As it was suggested that the CD64 index could be used to detect sepsis in hospitalized patients, we questioned whether the CD64 index could discriminate between septic patients and postoperative surgical patients, defined as systemic inflammatory response ...
Todman Steven H SH Department of Pediatrics (Cardiology), Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Ind, - - 2013
Interrupted aortic arch is a rare congenital anomaly affecting 1.5% of infants with congenital heart disease. Multiple surgical modalities exist to address this defect. We evaluate the long-term outcome of interrupted aortic arch with the left carotid artery turndown technique from a single institution. Patients with interrupted aortic arch who ...
Simopoulos Eugene F - - 2013
Erectile dysfunction (ED), defined as the inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance, is the most common sexual problem in men. ED arises when there is disruption of the complex interplay between vascular, neurologic, hormonal and psychologic factors necessary for normal erectile function. It may ...
Sugawara Gen - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Arguments against biliary drainage before pancreatoduodenectomy have been gaining momentum recently. The benefits of biliary drainage before hepatobiliary resection, ie, combined liver and extrahepatic bile duct resection, however, are still debatable. OBJECTIVE: To review the outcomes of patients who underwent hepatobiliary resection, with special attention to preoperative biliary drainage, ...
Tian Ruijuan - - 2013
To determine differential expression of G-protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) in uterine leiomyoma and its matched myometrium. GPR30 expression examined in both tissues and cultured cells. Research laboratories. Women 35 to 50 years old with uterine leiomyomas. Hysterectomy. GPR30 expression profile. Using Western blot and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction analyses, ...
Garcia-Rill Edgar E Center for Translational Neuroscience, Department of Neurobiology & Dev. Sci., University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 West Markham St., Slot 847, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA. - - 2013
This review considers recent evidence showing that cells in the reticular activating system (RAS) exhibit (1) electrical coupling mainly in GABAergic cells, and (2) gamma band activity in virtually all of the cells. Specifically, cells in the mesopontine pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN), intralaminar parafascicular nucleus (Pf), and pontine dorsal subcoeruleus nucleus ...
Marzano Michela M Université Paris Descartes, Philosophie morale, CERSES (UMR 8137), 75006 Paris, France. - - 2013
In the past, doctors did not hesitate to impose their point of view to patients. Today, informing patients and obtain their consent is the norm. But the patient is really in a position to make a decision about his health, when in a vulnerable situation? Which are the limits of ...
Moon Sung-Hwan SH Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, United - - 2013
Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) hold great promise for treating ischemic heart disease. However, current protocols for differentiating hPSCs either result in low yields or require expensive cytokines. Here we developed a novel two dimensional (2D) stepwise differentiation system that generates a high yield of cardiomyocytes (CMs) from hPSCs without ...
Leeper Nicholas J NJ Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the predictive value of clinical and exercise test variables in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). A customized symptom-limited ramp treadmill protocol was used to assess 725 PAD patients referred for exercise testing at the Palo Alto Veterans Hospital between 1997 and ...
Gros Daniel F - - 2013
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a severely impairing psychiatric disorder with an estimated 12-month prevalence of 0.39% to 1.20% in community settings. However, there has been little research on the prevalence of OCD in primary care settings and veteran samples. Thus, the present study investigated prevalence, comorbidity, and physical and ...
Bakir Adil - - 2012
Plastics are known to sorb persistent organic pollutants from seawater. However, studies to quantify sorption rates have only considered the affinity of chemicals in isolation, unlike the conditions in the environment where contaminants are present as complex mixtures. Here we examine whether phenanthrene and 4,4'-DDT, in a mixture, compete for ...
Puente-Lelièvre Caroline - - 2012
The origins and evolutionary history of the New Zealand flora has been the subject of much debate. The recent description of Cyathodophyllum novaezelandieae from early Miocene sediments in New Zealand provides possible evidence for the antiquity of the fleshy fruited epacrids (tribe Styphelieae, Ericaceae) in New Zealand. Yet the extant ...
Schmidt-Schweda Stephan S Department of Cardiology and Pneumology, Heart Center Göttingen, Georg August University of Göttingen, Robert-Koch-Straße 40, 37075 Göttingen, - - 2013
Hypothermia exerts profound protection from neurological damage and death after resuscitation from circulatory arrest. Its application during concomitant cardiogenic shock has been discussed controversially, and still hypothermia is used with reserve when haemodynamic parameters are impaired. On the other hand hypothermia improves force development in isolated human myocardium. Thus, we ...
Lozano Carmen - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Linezolid resistance is mainly due to mutations in the 23S rRNA target. The aim of this study was to characterize linezolid and methicillin resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (SE-LM(R)) and S. haemolyticus (SH-LM(R)) strains detected in a Spanish hospital. METHODS: SE-LM(R) and SH-LM(R) strains obtained in the period June 2009-August 2011 ...
Abu-Qaoud Mohamed S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A key determinant of long-term survival in heart transplant recipients is the development of coronary vasculopathy. Both coronary macrovascular and microvascular disease are prognostically important. However, the relationship between these in transplant patients and the determinants of microvascular disease are not known. METHODS: We reviewed the simultaneously obtained endomyocardial ...
Callaghan William M - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: To propose a new standard for monitoring severe maternal morbidity, update previous estimates of severe maternal morbidity during both delivery and postpartum hospitalizations, and estimate trends in these events in the United States between 1998 and 2009. METHODS:: Delivery and postpartum hospitalizations were identified in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample ...
Bordeira-Carriço Renata - - 2012
Several hereditary cancer syndromes are associated with nonsense mutations that create premature termination codons (PTC). Therapeutic strategies involving readthrough induction partially restore expression of proteins with normal function from nonsense-mutated genes, and small molecules such as aminoglycosides and PTC124 have exhibited promising results for treating patients with cystic fibrosis and ...
Sharir A - - 2012
Fetal and postnatal bone development in humans is traditionally viewed as a process characterized by progressively increasing mineral density. Yet, a temporary decrease in mineral density has been described in the long bones of infants in the immediate postnatal period. The mechanism that underlies this phenomenon, as well as its ...
Wheeler Matthew C - - 2012
The major constituent of the eukaryotic ER protein-translocation channel (Sec61p in yeast, Sec61α in higher eukaryotes) shows a high degree of evolutionary conservation from yeast to humans. The vast majority of eukaryotic species have a conserved di-tyrosine in the 4th ER luminal loop. Previously, we discovered through a screen of ...
Chiumello D - - 2012
CPAP is the application in the airways of continuous positive pressure, close to the positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP). The two common available systems are by a continuous (high/low) flow system and by a mechanical ventilator. Aim of this study was to compare the mechanical performance of the CPAP systems ...
Partanen Marita - - 2012
The current study examined auditory processing deficits in dyslexia using a dichotic pitch stimulus and functional MRI. Cortical activation by the dichotic pitch task occurred in bilateral Heschl's gyri, right planum temporale, and right superior temporal sulcus. Adolescents with dyslexia, relative to age-matched controls, illustrated greater activity in left Heschl's ...
Findikcioglu Kemal - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hormonal changes that take place during the menstrual cycle may have an effect on perioperative bleeding. Previous studies have confirmed a relationship between the menstrual cycle and surgical bleeding in rhinoplasty and breast reduction surgery; yet both surgical sites display changes in accordance with sex hormone levels during the ...
Laasonen Marja - - 2012
In this study of the project DyAdd, three aspects of visual attention were investigated in adults (18-55years) with dyslexia (n=35) or attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD, n=22), and in healthy controls (n=35). Temporal characteristics of visual attention were assessed with Attentional Blink (AB), capacity of visual attention with Multiple Object Tracking ...
Oyama Tomohiro M - - 2012
Clioquinol is emerging as a potential therapy for some diseases, such as Alzheimer disease and cancer. This agent is a lipophilic chelator of Zn(2+). In this study, the effect of clioquinol on the intracellular Zn(2+) level in rat thymocytes was estimated using FluoZin-3, a fluorescent indicator for Zn(2+), in order ...
Savini Nicoletta - - 2012
In a previous study, we have shown that passive recognition of tactile geometrical shapes (i.e. no exploratory movement) engages prefrontal and premotor areas in addition to somatosensory regions (Savini et al., 2010). In the present study we tested the hypothesis that these regions are involved not only in the perception ...
Rodrigues Bruno - - 2012
AIMS: We evaluated autonomic and hemodynamic parameters and maximal oxygen consumption (VO(2)max) as possible determinants of mortality in streptozotocin (STZ) diabetic rats after myocardial infarction (MI). METHOD: Male Wistar rats were divided into (n=8 of each): control sham (CS), diabetes sham (DS), MI (I), and diabetes+MI (DI). MI was induced ...
Martins V - - 2012
An in vitro dose-response curve following exposure to γ-radiation was determined at the IST/ITN, by use of the chromosomal aberration assay. This is the first study of this kind carried out among the Portuguese population. Un-irradiated and γ-irradiated peripheral blood lymphocytes from 16 healthy donors were cultured. A total of ...
Edens Chris C Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering at Georgia Tech and Emory University, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, United - - 2013
Measles vaccination programs would benefit from delivery methods that decrease cost, simplify logistics, and increase safety. Conventional subcutaneous injection is limited by the need for skilled healthcare professionals to reconstitute and administer injections, and by the need for safe needle handling and disposal to reduce the risk of disease transmission ...
Rodriguez-Lorenzo Andres - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Distal nerve transfers have proven to be an important addition to the armamentarium for reconstruction of peripheral nerve injuries. As new nerve transfer procedures are developed, the indications for their use continue to broaden. We report a case of a 77-year-old male who had a 9-cm-long gap of the ...
Acklin Yves P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Locking-plate osteosynthesis is a well-established treatment option for proximal humerus fractures. The standard approach is delta-pectoral, but few data using the minimally invasive antero-lateral delta-split approach exist. The aim of the study was to prospectively evaluate shoulder function and radiological outcome after a minimally invasive antero-lateral delta-split approach. MATERIALS ...
Sarifakioglu Ayse Banu - - 2012
ABSTRACT: This report describes a case of cauda equina syndrome possibly caused by arachnoiditis due to levobupivacaine after spinal-epidural anesthesia. A 39-yr-old woman delivered by cesarean section under a combined spinal-epidural anesthesia. After an uneventful procedure and surgery, she complained of weakness in her lower extremities, which increased in a ...
Mohana Subramanian B - - 2012
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is an economically significant viral disease that rampage dairy and other livestock industries in many countries. The disease is being controlled by the use of an inactivated vaccine. However, a recombinant marker vaccine, which avoids the use of live virus, may be an option for the unambiguous ...
Nelson Leigh A - - 2012
Members of the Calliphoridae (blowflies) are significant for medical and veterinary management, due to the ability of some species to consume living flesh as larvae, and for forensic investigations due to the ability of others to develop in corpses. Due to the difficulty of accurately identifying larval blowflies to species ...
Sultana Rukhsana R Department of Chemistry, Center of Membrane Sciences, and Sanders-Brown Center on Aging, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, - - 2013
Lipid peroxidation involves a cascade of reactions in which production of free radicals occurs selectively in the lipid components of cellular membranes. Polyunsaturated fatty acids easily undergo lipid peroxidation chain reactions, which, in turn, lead to the formation of highly reactive electrophilic aldehydes. Among these, the most abundant aldehydes are ...
Scorolli Claudia - - 2012
An important challenge of embodied theories is to explain the comprehension of abstract sentences. The aim of the present study was to scrutinize the role of the motor cortex in this process. We developed a new paradigm to study the abstract-concrete dimension by combining concrete (i.e. action-related) and abstract (i.e. ...
Yan Nan - - 2012
Esophageal (SE) and tracheoesophageal (TE) speech are the most commonly used alaryngeal voicing types after total laryngectomy-a surgical procedure of removing a pathological larynx. Both SE and TE voices show more aperiodicity than normal laryngeal (NL) voices, and the vocal characteristics of alaryngeal voices are notoriously difficult to extract. The ...
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