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Ziol-Guest Kathleen M KM Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. - - 2012
This study seeks to understand whether poverty very early in life is associated with early-onset adult conditions related to immune-mediated chronic diseases. It also tests the role that these immune-mediated chronic diseases may play in accounting for the associations between early poverty and adult productivity. Data (n = 1,070) come ...
Trune Dennis R DR Oregon Hearing Research Center, Department of Otolaryngology/Head & Neck Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239-3098, USA. - - 2012
This review addresses the current status of steroid therapies for hearing and vestibular disorders and how certain misconceptions may be undermining the efficacy in restoring normal ear function, both experimentally and clinically. Specific misconceptions addressed are that steroid therapy is not effective, steroid-responsive hearing loss proves an underlying inflammatory problem ...
Lin Yuan Y Key Laboratory of Biotechnology of Antibiotics of Ministry of Health, Institute of Medicinal Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100050, - - 2012
Mycobacterium tuberculosis kills about 2 million people annually and antibiotic resistance is a cause of increased mortality. Therefore, development of new antituberculosis drugs is urgent for the control of widespread tuberculosis infections. For this purpose, we performed an innovative screen to identify new agents that disrupt the function of ribosomes ...
Nkhoma Ella T ET Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2012
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is common in pregnant women in many malaria-endemic regions and may increase risk of placental parasitemia. Placental malaria is more common in primigravidae than multigravidae, but the relationship between HIV and malaria across gravidities is not well characterized. We recruited pregnant Malawian women during the second ...
Highstein Stephen M SM Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA. - - 2012
This article reviews the structure function of the vestibular system and its pathology with respect to requirements for the design and construction of a functional vestibular prosthesis. The ultimate goal of a vestibular prosthesis is to restore balance and equilibrium through direct activation of vestibular nerve fibers. An overview of ...
Fridman Gene Y GY Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck surgery, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA. - - 2012
This article reviews vestibular pathology and the requirements and progress made in the design and construction of a vestibular prosthesis. Bilateral loss of vestibular sensation is disabling. When vestibular hair cells are injured by ototoxic medications or other insults to the labyrinth, the resulting loss of sensory input disrupts vestibulo-ocular ...
Sateriale Adam A Department of Medicine, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, Vermont, - - 2012
The parasitic protozoan Entamoeba histolytica is aptly named for its capacity to destroy host tissue. When E. histolytica trophozoites invade the lamina propria of a host colon, extracellular matrices are degraded while host cells are killed and phagocytosed. The ability of E. histolytica to phagocytose host cells correlates with virulence ...
Rattanasompattikul Manoch M Harold Simmons Center for Chronic Disease Research and Epidemiology, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA, - - 2013
Protein-energy wasting, inflammation and refractory anemia are common in long-term hemodialysis patients. A decreased responsiveness to erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESA) is often the cause of the refractory anemia. We hypothesized that the malnutrition-inflammation complex is an independent predictor of decreased responsiveness to ESAs in hemodialysis patients. This cohort study of 754 ...
Maia Ana R R AR Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Universidade do Porto, Porto, - - 2012
Accurate chromosome segregation during mitosis relies on a dynamic kinetochore (KT)-microtubule (MT) interface that switches from a labile to a stable condition in response to correct MT attachments. This transition is essential to satisfy the spindle-assembly checkpoint (SAC) and couple MT-generated force with chromosome movements, but the underlying regulatory mechanism ...
Novak Iona I Cerebral Palsy Alliance Research Institute, Sydney, Australia. - - 2012
To summarize evidence on the rates of co-occurring impairments, diseases, and functional limitations with cerebral palsy into succinct clinical messages. A search was conducted of the databases PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, and PsycINFO, and the results were supplemented with hand searches. Two independent reviewers determined whether retrieved abstracts met the following ...
Budenz Cameron L CL Kresge Hearing Research Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, - - 2012
Severe to profound deafness is most often secondary to a loss of or injury to cochlear mechanosensory cells, and there is often an associated loss of the peripheral auditory neural structures, specifically the spiral ganglion neurons and peripheral auditory fibers. Cochlear implantation is currently our best hearing rehabilitation strategy for ...
Koso Hideto H Division of Genetics and Genomics, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore - - 2012
Neural stem cells (NSCs) are considered to be the cell of origin of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). However, the genetic alterations that transform NSCs into glioma-initiating cells remain elusive. Using a unique transposon mutagenesis strategy that mutagenizes NSCs in culture, followed by additional rounds of mutagenesis to generate tumors in vivo, ...
Kaehr Bryan B Advanced Materials Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87106, USA. - - 2012
Tissue-derived cultured cells exhibit a remarkable range of morphological features in vitro, depending on phenotypic expression and environmental interactions. Translation of these cellular architectures into inorganic materials would provide routes to generate hierarchical nanomaterials with stabilized structures and functions. Here, we describe the fabrication of cell/silica composites (CSCs) and their ...
Bhattacharya S S Department of Animal Biology and Mari Lowe Center for Comparative Oncology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-4539, - - 2013
Viral and pharmacological inducers of protein kinase RNA-activated (PKR)-like ER kinase (PERK) were shown to accelerate the phosphorylation-dependent degradation of the IFNAR1 chain of the Type 1 interferon (IFN) receptor and to limit cell sensitivity to IFN. Here we report that hypoxia can elicit these effects in a PERK-dependent manner. ...
Tamang David L DL Mucosal Immunology Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, MA 02129, - - 2012
A feature shared by many inflammatory lung diseases is excessive neutrophilic infiltration. Neutrophil homing to airspaces involve multiple factors produced by several distinct cell types. Hepoxilin A(3) is a neutrophil chemoattractant produced by pathogen-infected epithelial cells that is hypothesized to facilitate neutrophil breach of mucosal barriers. Using a Transwell model ...
Ma Chuang - - 2012
MOTIVATION: The Brassicaceae family includes the most important plant model Arabidopsis thaliana and many cruciferous vegetable crops. A number of close relatives of Arabidopsis and economically important Brassica species are being sequenced with whole-genome shotgun sequencing technologies. However, de novo assembly of full chromosomes is difficult, since many non-model Brassicaceae ...
Manering N A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: /st>Intraoperative nerve lesions can lead to chronic postoperative pain. There are conflicting data as to whether or not anaesthetics administered intraoperatively are beneficial. We investigated if remifentanil administered at the time of nerve injury was able to attenuate neuropathic hypersensitivity. METHODS: /st>Rats were anaesthetized with isoflurane, endotracheally intubated, and ...
Costanza Jole - - 2012
MOTIVATION: Metabolic engineering algorithms provide means to optimise a biological process leading to the improvement of a biotechnological interesting molecule. Therefore, it is important to understand how to act in a metabolic pathway in order to have the best results in terms of productions. In this work, we present a ...
Zhang Weiqian - - 2012
For decades the generation of municipal solid waste (MSW) in Shanghai has been increasing. Despite the long-time efforts aimed at MSW management (MSWM), the disposal of MSW achieves poor performance. Thus, a MSW minimisation plan for Shanghai was proposed in December 2010. In this study, direct face-to-face interviews and a ...
van Beuzekom M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: /st>Current thinking about patient safety emphasizes the relationship between organizational factors, that is, latent risk factors (LRFs) and patient safety. This study explores the influence of the operating theatre (OT), intensive care unit (ICU), and disciplines on ratings of LRFs. If we have an understanding of the contribution made ...
Numata Keiji - - 2012
Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthase from Aeromonas caviae FA440 (PhaCAc, BAA21815) shows a wide range of substrate specificity and synthesizes poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate-co-(R)-3-hydroxyhexanoate] (P(3HB-co-3HHx)) with a molecular weight of over 105 Da. P(3HB-co-3HHx) possesses practical mechanical and thermal properties as a bioplastic. PhaCAc is therefore one of the most valuable biocatalysts for PHA production. ...
Biganzoli L - - 2012
BackgroundA geriatric screening tool would be valuable to identify elderly cancer patients who might benefit from a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA). This study evaluated the accuracy of the cardiovascular health study (CHS) instrument in predicting abnormality in CGA. The vulnerable elders' survey-13 (VES-13) was also evaluated.Patients and methodsPatients aged ≥70 ...
Whisman Mark A - - 2012
Measurement invariance of the Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition (BDI-II) across gender, race, and ethnic groups was evaluated in a large sample of college students, using pooled data from 11 universities from diverse geographical regions in the United States (N = 7,369). Confirmatory factor analysis was used to test the fit ...
Beck Olof - - 2012
It has recently been demonstrated that amphetamine, methadone and tetrahydrocannabinol are detectable in exhaled breath following intake. Exhaled breath, therefore, constitutes a new possible matrix for drugs-of-abuse testing. The present work aims to further explore this possibility by a study on patients treated for acute intoxication with abused drugs.Fifty-nine patients ...
Paño-Pardo José Ramón - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: We describe clinical and microbiological features of infections caused by OXA-48-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (O48KP) in the setting of a prolonged, hospital-wide outbreak detected in January 2011. METHODS: Clinical, demographic and microbiological data of patients with growth of O48KP in clinical specimens were collected until December 2011. PCR was used ...
Kongkiatpaiboon Sumet - - 2012
Stemona curtisii Hook. F. (Family Stemonaceae), a prominent species distributed in the south and southwest of Thailand, has widely been used as a natural pesticide and as treatment for head lice and skin diseases. This study developed a thin-layer chromatography (TLC)-densitometric method for the simultaneous quantification of major components-stemocurtisine, stemocurtisinol ...
Turner Michelle C - - 2012
Radon is a known cause of human lung cancer. Previously, the authors observed a significant positive association between mean county-level residential radon concentrations and lung cancer mortality in the Cancer Prevention Study II (CPS-II), a large prospective study of nearly 1.2 million participants recruited in 1982 by the American Cancer ...
Fange David - - 2012
SUMMARY: MesoRD is a tool for simulating stochastic reaction-diffusion systems as modeled by the reaction diffusion master equation. The simulated systems are defined in the Systems Biology Markup Language with additions to define compartment geometries. MesoRD 1.0 supports scale-dependent reaction rate constants and reactions between reactants in neighbouring subvolumes. These ...
Chen Chong-Jian - - 2012
SUMMARY: ncPRO-seq (Non-Coding RNA PROfiling in sRNA-seq) is a stand-alone, comprehensive and flexible ncRNA analysis pipeline. It can interrogate and perform detailed profiling analysis on small RNAs derived from annotated non-coding regions in miRBase, Rfam and RepeatMasker, as well as specific regions defined by users. The ncPRO-seq pipeline performs both ...
Padula Amy M - - 2012
Traffic-related air pollution is recognized as an important contributor to health problems. Epidemiologic analyses suggest that prenatal exposure to traffic-related air pollutants may be associated with adverse birth outcomes; however, there is insufficient evidence to conclude that the relation is causal. The Study of Air Pollution, Genetics and Early Life ...
Tan Hua H School of Mathematical Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Laboratory of Mathematics and Complex Systems, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100875, P.R. - - 2012
It becomes widely accepted that human cancer is a disease involving dynamic changes in the genome and that the missense mutations constitute the bulk of human genetic variations. A multitude of computational algorithms, especially the machine learning-based ones, has consequently been proposed to distinguish missense changes that contribute to the ...
Allred Adam F AF Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, - - 2012
Current methods in diagnostic microbiology typically focus on the detection of a single genomic locus or protein in a candidate agent. The presence of the entire microbe is then inferred from this isolated result. Problematically, the presence of recombination in microbial genomes would go undetected unless other genomic loci or ...
Rahmatallah Y Y Division of Biomedical Informatics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA. - - 2012
The analysis of differentially expressed gene sets became a routine in the analyses of gene expression data. There is a multitude of tests available, ranging from aggregation tests that summarize gene-level statistics for a gene set to true multivariate tests, accounting for intergene correlations. Most of them detect complex departures ...
Laganà Alessandro A Department of Molecular Virology, Immunology and Medical Genetics, Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA. - - 2012
A-to-I RNA editing is an important mechanism that consists of the conversion of specific adenosines into inosines in RNA molecules. Its dysregulation has been associated to several human diseases including cancer. Recent work has demonstrated a role for A-to-I editing in microRNA (miRNA)-mediated gene expression regulation. In fact, edited forms ...
Broughton Jonathan David JD Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, UK. - - 2013
A best evidence topic was written in cardiothoracic surgery based on a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether ultrasound mapping of the long saphenous vein (LSV) might reduce leg wound complications by reducing unnecessary leg incisions due to poor quality veins. Altogether, 32 abstracts were identified from the search, ...
Ishikawa Susumu S Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Bokutoh Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. - - 2013
A 71-year old male who underwent total aortic arch replacement using a newly developed uncoated vascular prosthesis (Triplex®) developed postoperative mediastinitis due to a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus infection. The Triplex® vascular prosthesis has a unique three-layer structure with a non-porous elastomer middle layer material and has several advantages over more traditional ...
Blake Katy L KL Antimicrobial Research Centre and School of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, - - 2013
To establish an experimental platform in Staphylococcus aureus for identifying genetic loci that determine intrinsic antibiotic susceptibility and/or that have the potential to contribute to acquired antibiotic resistance. A near-saturation S. aureus transposon (Tn) library was screened for mutants exhibiting altered susceptibility to the antistaphylococcal agents daptomycin, vancomycin and nisin. ...
Gascoigne Dennis K DK Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, - - 2012
Comparing transcriptomic data with proteomic data to identify protein-coding sequences is a long-standing challenge in molecular biology, one that is exacerbated by the increasing size of high-throughput datasets. To address this challenge, and thereby to improve the quality of genome annotation and understanding of genome biology, we have developed an ...
Watzka Stefan B SB Division of Thoracic Surgery, Otto Wagner Hospital, Vienna, Austria. - - 2013
Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) is an intracellular protein implicated in chronic inflammation and neoplastic transformation. In a recently accomplished pilot study, we showed that ILK can be detected in the serum of patients with benign and malignant chest diseases, including malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). Interestingly, average serum ILK concentrations were 10 ...
McCall Matthew N MN Department of Biostatistics and Computational Biology, University of Rochester Medical Center, 265 Crittenden Blvd., CU 420630, Rochester, NY 14642, USA. - - 2012
Frozen robust multiarray analysis (fRMA) is a single-array preprocessing algorithm that retains the advantages of multiarray algorithms and removes certain batch effects by downweighting probes that have high between-batch residual variance. Here, we extend the fRMA algorithm to two new microarray platforms--Affymetrix Human Exon and Gene 1.0 ST--by modifying the ...
Hershko-Klement Anat - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To describe the obstetric performance of a selected population of twin pregnancies, comparing reduced vs. nonreduced twin pregnancies after the successful completion of the 12th week. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Outpatient fertility center. PATIENT(S): A cohort of 464 twin pregnancies including both ovulation induction and assisted reproductive technology ...
Black Lisa - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Despite their overwhelming efficacy, safety-engineered sharp devices (SESDs) cause a residual fraction of injuries. Although the fraction of injuries from SESDs is less than that reported for nonsafety devices, it remains a "preventable fraction" and is a sizable target for further advances. METHODS: A retrospective review of 3,297 percutaneous ...
Haberland Annekathrin - - 2012
Abstract Chagas disease, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi infection, is ranked as the most serious parasitic disease in Latin America and has huge potential to become a worldwide problem, due to increasing migration, and international tourism, as well as infectant transfer by blood contact and transfusion, intrauterine transfer, and organ transplantation. ...
Sugawara Gen - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Arguments against biliary drainage before pancreatoduodenectomy have been gaining momentum recently. The benefits of biliary drainage before hepatobiliary resection, ie, combined liver and extrahepatic bile duct resection, however, are still debatable. OBJECTIVE: To review the outcomes of patients who underwent hepatobiliary resection, with special attention to preoperative biliary drainage, ...
Gerrits Jeroen H - - 2012
Abstract Background: Surface neutrophil CD64 expression is upregulated in patients with bacterial infection. As it was suggested that the CD64 index could be used to detect sepsis in hospitalized patients, we questioned whether the CD64 index could discriminate between septic patients and postoperative surgical patients, defined as systemic inflammatory response ...
Benkabbou Amine - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy (RYHJ) is the most well-accepted treatment for most post-cholecystectomy bile duct injuries (BDI). RYHJ failure is a complex situation that requires expert planning and the possibility of using a combination of operative, radiologic, and endoscopic techniques. The aim of this study was to report our experience with ...
van den Boogaard Emmy - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the number and sequence of preceding miscarriages and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Recurrent miscarriage (RM) clinic. PATIENT(S): Women who attended the RM clinic from 1988 to 2006. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Number, type, and sequence of previous pregnancies were compared ...
Garolla Andrea - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prevalence, association, and clearance of human papillomavirus (HPV) and antisperm antibodies (ASAs) in infected semen samples from infertile patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional clinical study. SETTING: Andrology and microbiology sections at a university hospital. PATIENT(S): Three groups of subjects: 61 infertile patients with HPV semen infection, 104 noninfected infertile ...
Van Houcke Sofie K - - 2012
Abstract Clinical samples are the cornerstone in all aspects related to in vitro diagnostic testing. They are particularly valuable in the process of establishing/validating metrological traceability, because they eliminate commutability issues potentially associated with artificial calibrators. Therefore, they are essential for IFCC standardization projects. However, sourcing clinical specimens is particularly ...
Salamonsen Lois A - - 2012
Failure of the endometrium to achieve receptivity results in infertility, and it is also a rate-limiting step in in vitro fertilization (IVF) success. The microenvironments provided by the endometrium during the receptive phase and that support implantation are highly complex and constantly changing as implantation progresses. Although a number of gene ...
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