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Li Changying - - 2012
Studies with a number of viral systems have shown, on the basis of the ability of a host to prime naïve T cells, that viral antigens persist in the infected host well beyond complete clearance of the infection and even when viral antigen is undetectable by the most sensitive methods. ...
Santos Karine F - - 2012
Assembly of a spliceosome, catalyzing precursor-messenger RNA splicing, involves multiple RNA-protein remodeling steps, driven by eight conserved DEXD/H-box RNA helicases. The 250-kDa Brr2 enzyme, which is essential for U4/U6 di-small nuclear ribonucleoprotein disruption during spliceosome catalytic activation and for spliceosome disassembly, is the only member of this group that is ...
Martyn Amanda C - - 2012
Basal forebrain cholinergic neurons, which innervate the hippocampus and cortex, have been implicated in many forms of cognitive function. Immunolesion-based methods in animal models have been widely used to study the role of acetylcholine (ACh) neurotransmission in these processes, with variable results. Cholinergic neurons have been shown to release both ...
Brinkmann Julia - - 2012
Endovascular renal nerve ablation has been developed to treat resistant hypertension. In addition to lowering efferent renal sympathetic activation, the intervention may attenuate central sympathetic outflow through decreased renal afferent nerve traffic, as evidenced by a recent case report. We tested the hypothesis in 12 nonpreselected patients with difficult-to-control hypertension ...
Hunzicker-Dunn Mary E - - 2012
Controlled maturation of ovarian follicles is necessary for fertility. Follicles are restrained at an immature stage until stimulated by FSH secreted by pituitary gonadotropes. FSH acts on granulosa cells within the immature follicle to inhibit apoptosis, promote proliferation, stimulate production of steroid and protein hormones, and induce ligand receptors and ...
Wulfkuhle Julia D - - 2012
Targeting of the HER2 protein in human breast cancer represents a major advance in oncology but relies on measurements of total HER2 protein and not HER2 signaling network activation. We used reverse-phase protein microarrays (RPMA) to measure total and phosphorylated HER2 in the context of HER family signaling to understand ...
Law Royal K - - 2013
In March of 2011, an earthquake struck Japan causing a tsunami that resulted in a radiological release from the damaged Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. Surveillance for potential radiological and any iodine/iodide product exposures was initiated on the National Poison Data System (NPDS) to target public health messaging needs within ...
Hall John C - - 2012
Elucidating the molecular pathways active in pathologic tissues has important implications for defining disease subsets, selecting therapy, and monitoring disease activity. The development of therapeutics directed at IFN-α or IFN-γ makes the discovery of probes that report precisely on the activity of different IFN pathways a high priority. We show ...
Brunette Rebecca L - - 2012
Innate immune detection of nucleic acids is important for initiation of antiviral responses. Detection of intracellular DNA activates STING-dependent type I interferons (IFNs) and the ASC-dependent inflammasome. Certain members of the AIM2-like receptor (ALR) gene family contribute to each of these pathways, but most ALRs remain uncharacterized. Here, we identify ...
Bartlett John M S - - 2012
Some postmenopausal patients with hormone-sensitive early breast cancer remain at high risk of relapse despite endocrine therapy and, in addition, might benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy. The challenge is to prospectively identify such patients. The Mammostrat test uses five immunohistochemical markers to stratify patients regarding recurrence risk and may inform treatment ...
Allouche Omri - - 2012
For more than 50 y ecologists have believed that spatial heterogeneity in habitat conditions promotes species richness by increasing opportunities for niche partitioning. However, a recent stochastic model combining the main elements of niche theory and island biogeography theory suggests that environmental heterogeneity has a general unimodal rather than a ...
Darmon Jonathan M - - 2012
Addition of biphenylene to the bis(imino)pyridine iron dinitrogen complexes, ((iPr)PDI)Fe(N(2))(2) and [((Me)PDI)Fe(N(2))](2)(μ(2)-N(2)) ((R)PDI = 2,6-(2,6-R(2)-C(6)H(3)-N═CMe)(2)C(5)H(3)N; R = Me, (i)Pr), resulted in oxidative addition of a C-C bond at ambient temperature to yield the corresponding iron biphenyl compounds, ((R)PDI)Fe(biphenyl). The molecular structures of the resulting bis(imino)pyridine iron metallacycles were established by ...
Gerashchenko Maxim V - - 2012
Information on unique and coordinated regulation of transcription and translation in response to stress is central to the understanding of cellular homeostasis. Here we used ribosome profiling coupled with next-generation sequencing to examine the interplay between transcription and translation under conditions of hydrogen peroxide treatment in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Hydrogen peroxide ...
Li Ang - - 2012
Nanoparticles with tunable pharmacokinetics are desirable for various biomedical applications. Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) is well-known to create "stealth" effects to stabilize and extend the blood circulation of nanoparticles. In this work, poly(carboxybetaine) (PCB), a new nonfouling polymer material, was incorporated as surface-grafted coatings, conjugated onto degradable shell cross-linked knedel-like nanoparticles ...
Favia Angelo D - - 2012
Pain and inflammation are major therapeutic areas for drug discovery. Current drugs for these pathologies have limited efficacy, however, and often cause a number of unwanted side effects. In the present study, we identify the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug carprofen as a multitarget-directed ligand that simultaneously inhibits cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1), COX-2, and ...
Chokephaibulkit Kulkanya - - 2013
A serologic study with simultaneous self-administered questionnaire regarding infection control (IC) practices and other risks of influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 (2009 H1N1) infection was performed approximately 1 month after the first outbreak among frontline healthcare professionals (HCPs). Of 256 HCPs, 33 (13%) were infected. Self-reported adherence to IC practices in ...
Goldman Samuel M - - 2012
Paraquat is one of the most widely used herbicides worldwide. It produces a Parkinson's disease (PD) model in rodents through redox cycling and oxidative stress (OS) and is associated with PD risk in humans. Glutathione transferases provide cellular protection against OS and could potentially modulate paraquat toxicity. We investigated PD ...
Permpalung Nitipong - - 2012
Treatment for HIV infection requires a lifetime antiretroviral therapy. In order to improve adherence, once daily (OD) is thus a preferred regimen. Evidence-based information and most recent guidelines recommendation, both from resource-rich and resource-limited settings, on antiretroviral regimens that can be administered OD will be reviewed. Sources of evidences were ...
Alam Mohd Aftab - - 2012
Present article reviews solid dispersion (SD) technologies and other patented inventions in the area of pharmaceutical SDs, which provide stable amorphous SDs. The review briefly compiles different techniques for preparing SDs, their applications, characterization of SDs, types of SDs and also elaborates the carriers used to prepare SDs. The advantages ...
Bickston Stephen J - - 2012
Tetomilast is a novel thiazole phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE-4) inhibitor, which may prove useful in both the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Here, the authors review the pharmacology of the drug, and offer critical review of the available data for use of tetomilast in the ...
Ewald Collin Y - - 2012
Mutations in the gene encoding the amyloid precursor protein (APP) or the enzymes that process APP are correlated with familial Alzheimer disease. Alzheimer disease is also associated with insulin resistance (type 2 diabetes). In our recently published study, ( 1) we obtained genetic evidence that the extracellular fragment of APL-1, ...
Sajnani Gustavo - - 2012
It has been described that the breakdown of β-sheets in PrP (Sc) by denaturation results in loss of infectivity and PK-sensitivity, suggesting a relationship between the structure and PK-resistance. It is also known that an important fraction of total PrP (Sc) is PK-sensitive and can be isolated by the method ...
Korzeniewski Steven J - - 2012
To evaluate Michigan newborn screening for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) protocol changes. This population-based study includes infants born and screened in Michigan (January 1, 1994-June 30, 2010). Screening performance is compared across 4 periods defined by the dried blood spot testing method: (1) thyroxine (T4) with backup thyrotropin, (2) tandem T4 ...
Wiener Lori - - 2012
The objective of this study was to assess and compare the usefulness, helpfulness, and stress associated with reviewing a previously adapted advance care planning guide, My Thoughts, My Wishes, My Voice, in comparison with the widely used adult document Five Wishes by adolescents and young adults (AYAs) living with a ...
Horwitz Sarah McCue - - 2012
To examine the rates and predictors of mental health services use for a nationally representative cohort of youths who had been investigated for alleged maltreatment. Data came from caregiver and caseworker baseline and 18-month interviews in the second National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-being. These interviews took place from ...
Hartrick Craig T - - 2012
Noradrenergic reuptake inhibitors can be effective analgesics, finding application in a wide variety of clinical pain settings. Due to a shift toward noradrenergic-mediated pain pathways following nerve injury, they are particularly well suited to the treatment of neuropathic pain. This phenotypic shift makes neuropathic pain difficult to control with opioids ...
Bode Udo - - 2012
In spite of new alkylating medication and recently accumulated knowledge about genomics, the prognosis of malignant gliomas remains poor. The introduction of single substances interfering with tumour proliferation dynamics has been disappointing and the lessons learned indicate that a complicated network of proliferation needs time consuming, in-depth analysis in order ...
Nautiyal Manisha - - 2012
Hypertensive transgenic (mRen2)27 rats with overexpression of the mRen2 gene have impaired baroreflex sensitivity for heart rate control and high nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase and kinase-to-phosphatase signaling activity in medullary tissue compared with normotensive Hannover Sprague-Dawley control rats. They also exhibit insulin resistance at a young age. To determine ...
Jun Joo Yun - - 2012
Oxidative stress in the brain is implicated in increased sympathetic drive, inflammatory status, and vascular dysfunctions, associated with development and establishment of hypertension. However, little is known about the mechanism of this impaired brain-vascular communication. Here, we tested the hypothesis that increased oxidative stress in the brain cardioregulatory areas, such ...
Belin de Chantemèle Eric J - - 2012
Obesity is a major risk factor for hypertension. The copresentation of hypertension and insulin resistance (IR) suggests a role for IR in blood pressure (BP) dysregulation. To test this hypothesis, peripheral IR has been genetically subtracted in a model of obesity by crossing leptin receptor mutant mice (K(db)H(PTP)) with mice ...
Adebiyi Adebowale - - 2012
Hypertension is associated with an elevation in agonist-induced vasoconstriction, but mechanisms involved require further investigation. Many vasoconstrictors bind to phospholipase C-coupled receptors, leading to an elevation in inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) that activates sarcoplasmic reticulum IP(3) receptors. In cerebral artery myocytes, IP(3) receptors release sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) and can physically couple ...
Schacht Jochen - - 2012
This review introduces the pathology of aminoglycoside antibiotic and the cisplatin chemotherapy classes of drugs, discusses oxidative stress in the inner ear as a primary trigger for cell damage, and delineates the ensuing cell death pathways. Among potentially ototoxic (damaging the inner ear) therapeutics, the platinum-based anticancer drugs and the ...
Weisskopf Marc G - - 2012
Evidence suggests possible Parkinson's disease (PD)-relevant neural effects of exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls. Limited epidemiological evidence suggests that polychlorinated biphenyl exposure may increase PD risk, but no studies have involved biomarkers of polychlorinated biphenyl exposure before PD onset. We examined the prospective association between serum polychlorinated biphenyls and PD. We ...
Bian John - - 2012
We evaluated the Colorectal Cancer (CRC) Oncology Watch intervention, a clinical reminder implemented in Veterans Integrated Service Network 7 (including eight hospitals) to improve CRC screening rates in 2008. Veterans Affairs (VA) administrative data were used to construct four cross-sectional groups of veterans at average risk, age 50 to 64 ...
Ewertz Marianne - - 2012
To examine the association of baseline body mass index (BMI) with the risk of recurrence or death in postmenopausal women with early-stage breast cancer receiving adjuvant tamoxifen or letrozole in the Breast International Group (BIG) 1-98 trial at 8.7 years of median follow-up. This report analyzes 4,760 patients with breast ...
Drnevich Jenny J Carver Biotechnology Center and High-Performance Biological Computing Group, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, - - 2012
Songbirds provide rich natural models for studying the relationships between brain anatomy, behavior, environmental signals, and gene expression. Under the Songbird Neurogenomics Initiative, investigators from 11 laboratories collected brain samples from six species of songbird under a range of experimental conditions, and 488 of these samples were analyzed systematically for ...
Hornbeck Thomas T Department of Computer Science, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, - - 2012
Super-spreading events, in which an individual with measurably high connectivity is responsible for infecting a large number of people, have been observed. Our goal is to determine the impact of hand hygiene noncompliance among peripatetic (eg, highly mobile or highly connected) healthcare workers compared with less-connected workers. We used a ...
Peters Nathan C NC Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. - - 2012
Numerous experimental Leishmania vaccines have been developed to prevent the visceral and cutaneous forms of Leishmaniasis, which occur after exposure to the bite of an infected sand fly, yet only one is under evaluation in humans. KSAC and L110f, recombinant Leishmania polyproteins delivered in a stable emulsion (SE) with the ...
Shiels Meredith S MS Infections and Immunoepidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Maryland 20892, USA. - - 2012
Pulmonary inflammation may contribute to lung cancer etiology. The authors conducted a broad evaluation of the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in innate immunity and inflammation pathways with lung cancer risk and conducted comparisons with a lung cancer genome-wide association study (GWAS). In total, 378 patients with lung cancer ...
Tamang David L DL Mucosal Immunology Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, MA 02129, - - 2012
A feature shared by many inflammatory lung diseases is excessive neutrophilic infiltration. Neutrophil homing to airspaces involve multiple factors produced by several distinct cell types. Hepoxilin A(3) is a neutrophil chemoattractant produced by pathogen-infected epithelial cells that is hypothesized to facilitate neutrophil breach of mucosal barriers. Using a Transwell model ...
Aghaeepour Nima N Terry Fox Laboratory, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2012
Analysis of high-dimensional flow cytometry datasets can reveal novel cell populations with poorly understood biology. Following discovery, characterization of these populations in terms of the critical markers involved is an important step, as this can help to both better understand the biology of these populations and aid in designing simpler ...
Xu Xinsong X Department of Oncological Sciences, The Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029-6574, - - 2012
Negative feedback regulation of insulin signaling involves ubiquitin-dependent degradation of insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1). Cullin-RING E3 ubiquitin ligase 7 (CRL7) mediates the ubiquitination of IRS1 in hyperphosphorylated form. Multisite IRS1 phosphorylation triggers interactions with CRL7 for ubiquitin modification. Insulin signaling is self-restrained when its downstream effector kinases are hyperactivated ...
Burmeister Brian T BT Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL 60612, - - 2012
AKAP-Lbc is a scaffold protein that coordinates cardiac hypertrophic signaling. AKAP-Lbc interacts with Shp2, facilitating its regulation by PKA. AKAP-Lbc integrates PKA and Shp2 signaling in the heart. Under pathological hypertrophic conditions Shp2 is phosphorylated by PKA, and phosphatase activity is inhibited. Inhibition of Shp2 activity through AKAP-Lbc-anchored PKA is ...
Duan Yuanyuan Y Division of Life Science, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong, - - 2012
CFTR function is tightly regulated by many interacting proteins. Intermediate filament protein keratin 18 increases the cell surface expression of CFTR by interacting with the C-terminal hydrophobic patch of CFTR. K18 controls the function of CFTR. These findings offer novel insights into the regulation of CFTR and suggest that K18 ...
Chan Eliana Y L EY Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8, - - 2012
Phosphatidylethanolamine is proposed to regulate mitochondrial fusion, but its mechanism of action is unknown. Decreasing phosphatidylethanolamine reduces the rate of lipid mixing and the biogenesis of Mgm1, a mitochondrial fusion protein. Psd1 regulates the lipid and protein machineries of mitochondrial fusion. Understanding how lipid metabolism regulates mitochondrial dynamics will reveal ...
Maddukuri Leena L Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas 72205-7199, - - 2012
We have investigated the interaction between human DNA polymerase η (hpol η) and the Werner syndrome protein (WRN). Functional assays revealed that the WRN exonuclease and RecQ C-terminal (RQC) domains are necessary for full stimulation of hpol η-catalyzed formation of correct base pairs. We find that WRN does not stimulate ...
Neumayer Gernot G Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary T2N4N1, - - 2012
The microtubule-associated protein targeting protein for Xenopus kinesin-like protein 2 (TPX2) plays a key role in spindle assembly and is required for mitosis in human cells. In interphase, TPX2 is actively imported into the nucleus to prevent its premature activity in microtubule organization. To date, no function has been assigned ...
Gagnon Daniel D Human and Environmental Physiology Research Unit, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, - - 2012
Although a number of studies have examined potential differences in temperature regulation between males and females during heat stress, conclusions have remained limited as to whether reported differences are due to confounding physical characteristics or to actual differences in the physiological variables of temperature regulation. Recent observations suggest that sex ...
Blitvich Bradley J BJ Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA. - - 2012
To determine the seroprevalence of selected orthobunyaviruses in livestock in the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico, a serologic investigation was performed using serum samples from 256 domestic animals (182 horses, 31 sheep, 1 dog, 37 chickens, and 5 turkeys). All serum samples were examined by plaque reduction neutralization test using Cache ...
Kilicoglu Halil H Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA. - - 2012
Effective access to the vast biomedical knowledge present in the scientific literature is challenging. Semantic relations are increasingly used in knowledge management applications supporting biomedical research to help address this challenge. We describe SemMedDB, a repository of semantic predications (subject-predicate-object triples) extracted from the entire set of PubMed citations. We ...
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