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Wanigasekera Vishvarani V Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Nuffield Division of Anaesthetics, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford OX3 9DU, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Variability in opioid analgesia has been attributed to many factors. For example, genetic variability of the μ-opioid receptor (MOR)-encoding gene introduces variability in MOR function and endogenous opioid neurotransmission. Emerging evidence suggests that personality trait related to the experience of reward is linked to endogenous opioid neurotransmission. We hypothesized that ...
Wu Tingting - - 2012
Immunosuppressive CD11b(+)Gr1(+) myeloid-derived suppressor cells and TGF-β have been shown to negatively regulate host immunity against allografts. Our results demonstrated that Smad3-deficient mice or mice reconstituted with Smad3-deficient hematopoietic cells rejected allogeneic skin or heart grafts in a significantly slower manner compared with littermates or wild-type (WT) control mice. Transplanted ...
Dey Anil W - - 2012
III-V semiconductors have so far predominately been employed for n-type transistors in high-frequency applications. This development is based on the advantageous transport properties and the large variety of heterostructure combinations in the family of III-V semiconductors. In contrast, reports on p-type devices with high hole mobility suitable for complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor ...
Anderson Connie - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:Anecdotal reports suggest that elopement behavior in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) increases risk of injury or death and places a major burden on families. This study assessed parent-reported elopement occurrence and associated factors among children with ASDs.METHODS:Information on elopement frequency, associated characteristics, and consequences was collected via an ...
Bavetsias Vassilios - - 2012
Optimization of the imidazo[4,5-b]pyridine-based series of Aurora kinase inhibitors led to the identification of 6-chloro-7-(4-(4-chlorobenzyl)piperazin-1-yl)-2-(1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-3H-imidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (27e), a potent inhibitor of Aurora kinases (Aurora-A K(d) = 7.5 nM, Aurora-B K(d) = 48 nM), FLT3 kinase (K(d) = 6.2 nM), and FLT3 mutants including FLT3-ITD (K(d) = 38 nM) and FLT3(D835Y) (K(d) ...
Zhu Zhengwei - - 2012
SUMMARY: Numerous metagenomics projects have produced tremendous amounts of sequencing data. Aligning these sequences to reference genomes is an essential analysis in metagenomics studies. Large-scale alignment data call for intuitive and efficient visualization tool. However, current tools such as various genome browsers are highly specialized to handle intraspecies mapping results. ...
Iyoda Masayuki - - 2012
BackgroundImatinib is a selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor that can block platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor activity. Imatinib is also known as an anti-inflammatory agent. We examined the therapeutic effects of long- or short-term imatinib treatment in Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats with established anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) nephritis.MethodsNephrotoxic serum (NTS) nephritis was ...
Renoir Thibault T Florey Neuroscience Institutes, Melbourne Brain Centre, University of Melbourne, VIC 3010, Melbourne, Australia. - - 2013
Psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety are reported in patients with Huntington's disease (HD). Recent studies suggest beneficial effects of environmental enrichment (EE) on HD progression possibly through the serotonergic system. We investigated the potential effectiveness of EE in correcting the affective-like phenotype of female R6/1 HD mice. In ...
Schmidt Timo T TT Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany. - - 2013
The underlying neurobiology of addictive or repetitive behaviours, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), involves dopaminergic dysregulation. While addictive behaviour depends strongly on mesolimbocortical dopaminergic responses, repetitive behaviours have been associated with dopaminergic dysregulation in the basal ganglia-thalamo-cortical circuitry. The present study investigates differences in brain stimulation reward in rats with ...
Pearson Erin S - - 2012
To date, there is a paucity of qualitative research examining the influence of community-based interventions for childhood obesity on the participants themselves. This study explored the experiences of children who participated in the Children's Health and Activity Modification Program (C.H.A.M.P.), a four-week day camp for children with obesity aged 8-14, ...
Bas Esperanza - - 2012
This study presents a novel in vitro model of electrode insertion trauma-induced hair cell (HC) damage and loss and its application for testing the efficacy of otoprotective drugs. In the cochlear implant (CI) procedure as a treatment for profound deafness, an electrode array is surgically inserted to provide electrical stimulation ...
Kirkby Nicholas S - - 2012
Prostacyclin is an antithrombotic hormone produced by the endothelium, whose production is dependent on cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes of which two isoforms exist. It is widely believed that COX-2 drives prostacyclin production and that this explains the cardiovascular toxicity associated with COX-2 inhibition, yet the evidence for this relies on indirect ...
Durgam Aditya - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cholesterol granuloma (CG) is an expansile, cystic lesion most commonly observed in the temporal bone. CG is rarely encountered in the paranasal sinuses. Given its paucity in this region, the diagnostic and management aspects remain to be elucidated. METHODS: Systematic review of the literature yielded 66 cases reported as ...
Geisler William M WM Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, - - 2012
Renewed interest in chlamydia vaccination has revealed the need for a greater understanding of the seroprevalence of chlamydial infection in US populations. We used a Chlamydia trachomatis elementary body (EB)-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to define the characteristics of the humoral immune response and to determine seroprevalence. Two groups were analyzed: ...
Karnowski Alex - - 2012
A strong humoral response to infection requires the collaboration of several hematopoietic cell types that communicate via antigen presentation, surface coreceptors and their ligands, and secreted factors. The proinflammatory cytokine IL-6 has been shown to promote the differentiation of activated CD4(+) T cells into T follicular helper cells (T(FH) cells) ...
Chen Jiadong - - 2012
Heterosynaptic long-term depression (hLTD) at untetanized synapses accompanying the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP) spatially sharpens the activity-induced synaptic potentiation; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. We found that hLTD in the hippocampal CA1 region is caused by stimulation-induced ATP release from astrocytes that suppresses transmitter release from untetanized synaptic ...
Montoto Silvia - - 2012
PURPOSEThe prognosis of HIV-infected patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era approaches that of the general population when they are treated with the same protocols. We analyzed the outcome of patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) treated with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) in the ...
Dorn Jessy D - - 2012
OBJECTIVE To investigate the ability of 28 blind subjects implanted with a 60-electrode Argus II (Second Sight Medical Products Inc) retinal prosthesis system to detect the direction of a moving object. METHODS Blind subjects (bare light perception or worse in both eyes) with retinitis pigmentosa were implanted with the Argus ...
Yuan Jintao - - 2012
This study aimed to determine the most significant molecular features associated with the liver specificity of the carcinogenicity of N-nitroso compounds (NOCs). Accordingly, quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) analysis was performed to extract molecular information from NOCs using a topological sub-structural molecular-descriptor (TOPS-MODE) approach. A linear discriminant analysis (LDA) model of ...
Hirota Simon A - - 2012
Clostridium difficile, a major cause of hospital-acquired diarrhea, triggers disease through the release of two toxins, toxin A (TcdA) and toxin B (TcdB). These toxins disrupt the cytoskeleton of the intestinal epithelial cell, increasing intestinal permeability and triggering the release of inflammatory mediators resulting in intestinal injury and inflammation. The ...
van der Westhuizen Yolandé - - 2012
Objectives: This study describes the prevalence and nature of auditory and otological manifestations in adults with HIV/AIDS through clinical examinations and self-reported symptoms across stages of disease progression. Design: Descriptive cross-sectional group design. Study sample: Two hundred HIV positive adult patients (56.5% male; 43.5% female; mean age: 37.99 ± 6.66 ...
Nautiyal Manisha - - 2012
Hypertensive transgenic (mRen2)27 rats with overexpression of the mRen2 gene have impaired baroreflex sensitivity for heart rate control and high nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase and kinase-to-phosphatase signaling activity in medullary tissue compared with normotensive Hannover Sprague-Dawley control rats. They also exhibit insulin resistance at a young age. To determine ...
Ngu Wee - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) for distal bile duct obstruction may increase post-operative complications. This study examined the effect of PBD on positive bile culture (PBC) rates and complications after biliary bypass or pancreaticoduodenectomy. Bilirubin levels in the non-PBD cohort were also analysed to determine the impact on outcome. METHODS: ...
Streckbein P - - 2012
Micro-gaps and osseous overload in the implant-abutment connection are the most common causes of peri-implant bone resorption and implant failure. These undesirable events can be visualized on standardized three-dimensional finite element models and by radiographic methods. The present study investigated the influence of 7 available implant systems (Ankylos, Astra, Bego, ...
de Paoli Frank Vincenzo FV Department of Biomedicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aarhus University, Aarhus C, Denmark. - - 2013
Resting skeletal muscle fibres have a large membrane Cl(-) conductance (G(Cl)) that dampens their excitability. Recently, however, muscle activity was shown to induce PKC-mediated reduction in G(Cl) in rat muscles of 40-90%. To examine the physiological significance of this PKC-mediated G(Cl) reduction for the function of muscles, this study explored ...
Vega-Frutis R - - 2012
Male and female plants of dioecious species often differ in their resource demands and this has been linked to secondary sexual dimorphism, including sex-specific interactions with other organisms such as herbivores and pollinators. However, little is known about the interaction between dioecious plants and fungal root endophytes. Plants may be ...
Thorpe Roger S - - 2012
We investigate extensive quantitative trait variation (dewlap hue, colour pattern, dorsum hue, body proportions and scalation) in the Martinique anole across eight transects representing nascent parapatric ecological speciation, nascent allopatric speciation and allopatric divergence without sufficient genetic structure to suggest speciation. Quantitative trait divergence can be extremely large between adjacent ...
Kolbusz Magdalena A - - 2012
The effect of individual positively charged residues on the orientation in the membrane was analyzed in three dual topology transporters of the Small Multidrug Resistance (SMR) family: AAVE4701aave of Acidovorax avenae, EMREecol of Escherichia coli and RRUA0272rrub of Rhodospirillum rubrum. It is shown that (i) individual positive charges have different ...
Simeček Jakub - - 2012
The 1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-tris(methylenephosphinic acid) chelators TRAP and NOPO are complexing copper-64 with similar efficiency as 1,4,7-triazacyclononane-triacetic acid (NOTA). The kinetic stability of Cu-64-labelled TRAP-peptides is sufficient for PET imaging at early time points (1-2 h post injection). For labelling of TRAP conjugates, Cu-64 can be recommended as an alternative to Ga-68 ...
Teles Pedro - - 2012
In a wide range of medical fields, technological advancements have led to an increase in the average collective dose in national populations worldwide. Periodic estimations of the average collective population dose due to medical exposure is, therefore of utmost importance, and is now mandatory in countries within the European Union ...
Hu Fei - - 2012
The heart peptide hormone atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) regulates blood pressure by stimulating guanylyl cyclase-A to produce cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). ANP and guanylyl cyclase-A are also expressed in many brain areas, but their physiological functions and downstream signaling pathways remain enigmatic. Here we investigated the physiological functions of ANP ...
Heger Peter - - 2012
The great majority of metazoans belong to bilaterian phyla. They diversified during a short interval in Earth's history known as the Cambrian explosion, ~540 million years ago. However, the genetic basis of these events is poorly understood. Here we argue that the vertebrate genome organizer CTCF (CCCTC-binding factor) played an ...
Deravi Leila F - - 2012
Fibronectin (FN) textiles are built as nanometer-thick fabrics. When uniaxially loaded, these fabrics exhibit a distinct threshold between elastic and plastic deformation with increasing stretch. Fabric mechanics are modeled using an eight-chain network and two-state model, revealing that elastic properties of FN depend on conformational extension of the protein and ...
Yoo Sa Kan - - 2012
Tissue injury can lead to scar formation or tissue regeneration. How regenerative animals sense initial tissue injury and transform wound signals into regenerative growth is an unresolved question. Previously, we found that the Src family kinase (SFK) Lyn functions as a redox sensor in leukocytes that detects H(2)O(2) at wounds ...
Schaefer Jonathan J - - 2012
Control of permeability of phospholipid vesicle (liposome) membranes is critical to their applications in analytical sensing, in fundamental studies of chemistry in small volumes, and in encapsulation and release of payloads for site-directed drug delivery. Applications of liposome formulations in drug delivery often take advantage of the enhanced permeability of ...
Bliven Kimberly A - - 2012
The emergence of new pathogens and the exploitation of novel pathogenic niches by bacteria typically require the horizontal transfer of virulence factors and subsequent adaptation--a "fine-tuning" process--for the successful incorporation of these factors into the microbe's genome. The function of newly acquired virulence factors may be hindered by the expression ...
Bernasconi Andrea - - 2012
Amorphous materials became significantly important and more widely studied during the last few decades, due the their increasingly spread applications in materials science and technology. Their local structure seems to have a very strong bond with those properties: in this paper, the local structure of Si-Al-Ca-Na-O glasses is studied by ...
Choi Jason C JC Department of Medicine and Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, - - 2013
Mutations in the LMNA gene, which encodes lamin A and C (lamin A/C), cause a diverse spectrum of tissue-selective diseases termed laminopathies. The most prevalent form affects striated muscles as dilated cardiomyopathy with variable skeletal muscle involvement, which includes autosomal Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy. Mechanisms underlying the disease pathogenesis are beginning ...
Li Hongyu - - 2012
Excitotoxicity induced by NMDA receptor-mediated intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+) ](i) ) overload is a major cause of delayed neuronal death in cerebral ischemia. Transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) 6 protects neurons from ischemic brain damage. However, the mechanisms by which TRPC6 protects neurons are largely unknown. Here, we reported that TRPC6 ...
Yang Tie-Lin - - 2012
Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD), a highly heritable trait that is determined, in part, by the actions and interactions of multiple genes. While an increasing number of genes have been identified to have independent effects on BMD, few studies have been performed to identify genes that ...
Hendricks Mark P - - 2012
We describe the synthesis of cadmium bis-(diphenyldithiophosphinate) (Cd(S(2)PPh(2))(2)) from secondary phosphine sulfides and its conversion to cadmium sulfide nanocrystals. Heating Cd(S(2)PPh(2))(2) and cadmium tetradecanoate (≥4 equiv.) to 240 ˚C results in complete conversion of Cd(S(2)PPh(2))(2) to cadmium sulfide nanocrystals with tetradecanoate surface termination. The nanocrystals have a narrow size distribution ...
Maglic D - - 2012
Our recent study showed critical roles of Dmp1 as a sensor of oncogenic Ras, HER2/neu signaling and activation of the Arf-p53 pathway. To elucidate the role of human DMP1 (hDMP1) in breast cancer, one hundred and ten pairs of human breast cancer specimen were studied for the alterations of the ...
Dhakshinamoorthy Amarajothi - - 2012
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are porous crystalline materials that have promising applications as heterogeneous catalysts. After describing the composition, textural properties and crystal structure of four commercially available MOFs, we summarize organic transformations for which these commercial MOFs exhibit higher catalytic activity than the corresponding soluble metal salts or metal ion-exchanged ...
Malinzak Michael D - - 2012
Animal locomotion causes head rotations, which are detected by the semicircular canals of the inner ear. Morphologic features of the canals influence rotational sensitivity, and so it is hypothesized that locomotion and canal morphology are functionally related. Most prior research has compared subjective assessments of animal "agility" with a single ...
Weikum Whitney M - - 2012
Language acquisition reflects a complex interplay between biology and early experience. Psychotropic medication exposure has been shown to alter neural plasticity and shift sensitive periods in perceptual development. Notably, serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) are antidepressant agents increasingly prescribed to manage antenatal mood disorders, and depressed maternal mood per se during ...
Clegg Christopher H - - 2012
Extensive preparation is underway to mitigate the next pandemic influenza outbreak. New vaccine technologies intended to supplant egg-based production methods are being developed, with recombinant hemagglutinin (rHA) as the most advanced program for preventing seasonal and avian H5N1 Influenza. Increased efforts are being focused on adjuvants that can broaden vaccine ...
Adhikari Aashish N - - 2012
Motivated by the relationship between the folding mechanism and the native structure, we develop a unified approach for predicting folding pathways and tertiary structure using only the primary sequence as input. Simulations begin from a realistic unfolded state devoid of secondary structure and use a chain representation lacking explicit side ...
González González Nieves L - - 2012
Objective: To determine the effect of using customized vs. standard population birthweight curves to define large for gestational age (LGA) infants. Methods: We analyzed data obtained from 2,097 singleton pregnancies using three different methods of classifying newborn birthweight: standard population curves, British or Spanish customized curves. We recorded maternal characteristics, ...
Comarmond Chloe - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Earlier studies on eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss syndrome; EGPA), with limited patient numbers and follow-up durations, demonstrated that ANCA+ and ANCA- patients differed clinically at diagnosis but not in their outcomes. Our aims were to describe the main characteristics of a larger patient cohort and their long-term outcomes. ...
Park Sungjin - - 2012
Here we report the discovery that bifunctional thiol- and amine-reactive electrophiles serve as mechanism-based covalent cross-linkers for HECT E3 ubiquitin ligase/substrate pairs. We demonstrate that these chemical cross-linkers covalently cross-link the catalytic Cys residue of the yeast HECT E3 ubiquitin ligase Rsp5 with the Lys of the ubiquitination site in ...
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