Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 3450
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Teng Qiaoyang - - 2012
A/duck/Shanghai/28-1/2009(H4N2) (DK28) was isolated from a live poultry market in Shanghai, China. Using PCR and sequencing analysis, we obtained the complete genome sequences of the DK28 virus. The sequence analysis demonstrated that this H4N2 virus was a novel multiple-gene reassortant avian influenza virus (AIV) whose genes originated from H1N1, H1N3, ...
Wang Chunmei - - 2012
Human parechoviruses (HPeVs) belonging to the family Picornaviridae are widely spread pathogens among young children. We report the complete genome sequence of a novel HPeV isolated from the stool sample of a hospitalized child with diarrhea in China. The genome consists of 7,305 nucleotides, excluding the 3' poly(A) tail, and ...
Jaganjac M - - 2012
The involvement of granulocytes in immune response against cancer is not well understood. Depending on the cytokine milieu in which they act and on their oxidative burst, granulocytes may play either an inhibitory or stimulatory role in tumour growth. Unsaturated fatty acids, essential components of cellular membranes and storage lipids, ...
Li Jingjing - - 2012
Nine novel human papillomavirus (HPV) types were isolated from healthy skin of individuals in rural Anyang, China. All of these isolates belong to the genus Gammapapillomavirus. These data will provide us with useful information for a better understanding of PV evolution and the relationship of PV with the host.
Lacny Catherine - - 2012
Objective: Patients with dementia benefit from early assessment and diagnosis. In an attempt to identify factors leading to delay in referral, we investigated socio-demographic, clinical, and functional predictors of greater severity of cognitive impairment in dementia patients presenting to a memory clinic in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Methods: Data collection began in ...
Pierce M - - 2012
Hyperthyroidism, defined by overproduction of thyroid hormones, has a 2-3% prevalence in the population. The most common form of hyperthyroidism is Graves' disease. A diagnostic biomarker for Graves' disease is the presence of immunoglobulins which bind to, and stimulate, the thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR), a G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR). ...
Stamatakis Alice M AM Curriculum in Neurobiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599, - - 2012
Optogenetic strategies for perturbation of neural circuit function have begun to revolutionize systems neuroscience. Whereas optogenetics has proven to be a powerful approach for studying neural systems, the tools to conduct these experiments are still continuously evolving. Here we briefly summarize available hardware and reagents that can be used for ...
Ho Van - - 2012
This article written by baccalaureate nursing students briefly discusses the use of music therapy in clients on mechanical ventilation in intensive care units. The article explores the possible benefits of music therapy and its use in other aspects of health care.
Wang Yun-Sheng - - 2012
Thysanoplusia orichalcea multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (ThorMNPV) has high virulence to Trichoplusia ni and Pseudoplusia includens larvae, with a potential for biological control of insect pests. The genome of ThorMNPV was sequenced and found to be 132,978 bp, with a G+C content of 37.9%. There are 145 predicted open reading frames (ORFs), ...
Chen Chaoyang - - 2012
For the first time we report the complete genomic sequence of an H11N3 influenza virus from domestic ducks in China. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the H11N3 virus was a novel reassortant with its genes from different subtypes of domestic duck-origin avian influenza viruses, which further underlined that domestic ducks play ...
Benlahrech A A Department of Immunology, Imperial College London, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London, - - 2012
Dendritic cells (DC) in HIV-1-infected individuals are decreased and their dysfunction has been implicated in HIV-1 immunopathogenesis. The mechanism of their dysfunction remains unclear, thus we analysed the expression of membrane molecules associated with immune regulation and DC activation in myeloid (mDC) and plasmacytoid DC (pDC) in therapy-naive and highly ...
Bonneh-Barkay Dafna - - 2012
We previously reported that YKL-40, the human analog of mouse breast regression protein 39 ([BRP-39] chitinase 3like 1), is elevated in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with a variety of neuroinflammatory conditions, such as multiple sclerosis and traumatic brain injury. Expression of YKL-40 in the CNS was predominantly associated with ...
Mittmann Nicole - - 2012
Background: Longitudinal, patient-level data on resource use and costs after an ischemic stroke are lacking in Canada. The objectives of this analysis were to calculate costs for the first year post-stroke and determine the impact of disability on costs. Methodology: The Economic Burden of Ischemic Stroke (BURST) Study was a ...
Hu Frances Y - - 2012
Multiple lines of evidence suggest that the adrenergic system can modulate sensitivity to anesthetic-induced immobility and anesthetic-induced hypnosis as well. However, several considerations prevent the conclusion that the endogenous adrenergic ligands norepinephrine and epinephrine alter anesthetic sensitivity. Using dopamine β-hydroxylase knockout (Dbh) mice genetically engineered to lack the adrenergic ligands ...
Kacerovsky Marian M Biomedical Research Center, University Hospital Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic. - - 2013
To determine amniotic fluid myeloperoxidase concentration in women with preterm prelabor rupture of the membranes with microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity and histological chorioamnionitis. One hundred eighty-one women with singleton pregnancies with a gestational age between 24+0 and 36+6 weeks were included in this study. Amniocenteses were performed, and ...
Swartz Michael F - - 2012
This study sought to determine if serum markers for collagen I and III synthesis, the carboxyl terminal peptide from pro-collagen I (PICP) and the amino terminal peptide from pro-collagen III (PIIINP), correlate with left atrial (LA) fibrosis and post-operative atrial fibrillation (AF). AF after cardiac surgery is associated with adverse ...
Bencharit Sompop - - 2012
Denture stomatitis (DS) is the most common oral pathology among denture wearers, affecting over one-third of this group. DS is usually associated with C. albicans. However, unlike other oral candidiasis, most DS patients have intact host immunity. The presence of a denture alone is usually sufficient for DS. Saliva and ...
Nguyen Truong X - - 2012
The kinetics of triplet state quenching of 3,3',4,4'-benzophenone tetracarboxylic acid (BPTC) by DNA bases adenine, adenosine, thymine, and thymidine has been investigated in aqueous solution using time-resolved laser flash photolysis. The observation of the BPTC ketyl radical anion at λ(max) = 630 nm indicates that one electron transfer is involved ...
Gokce Emine E W.M. Keck FT-ICR Mass Spectrometry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, and Center for Integrated Fungal Research, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, United - - 2012
The filamentous fungus Magnaporthe oryzae (M. oryzae) is the causative agent of rice blast disease and presents a significant threat to worldwide rice production. To establish the groundwork for future research on the pathogenic development of M. oryzae, a global proteomic study of conidia was performed. The filter aided sample ...
Menikarachchi Lochana C LC Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Connecticut, 69 N Eagleville Road, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, United - - 2012
In this paper, we present MolFind, a highly multithreaded pipeline type software package for use as an aid in identifying chemical structures in complex biofluids and mixtures. MolFind is specifically designed for high-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (HPLC/MS) data inputs typical of metabolomics studies where structure identification is the ultimate goal. ...
Casey Janet R JR Legacy Pediatrics, Rochester, NY, - - 2012
10 days of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid high dose and 5 days of cefdinir have been the preferred first- or second-line antibiotics for treatment of children with acute otitis media (AOM) since 2004, as recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics in the USA, but no head-to-head comparison study has been done. ...
Donadini Marco P - - 2012
Anticoagulant drugs are highly effective for the prevention and treatment of venous and arterial thromboembolism. However, their use is also associated with an increased risk for bleeding, with an associated ∼10% case-fatality rate. Appropriate strategies for the management and reversal of anticoagulant-associated bleeding are clinically important and, ideally, should be ...
Cameron Fiona - - 2012
Vivus' proprietary oral capsule containing phentermine and extended-release (ER) topiramate has been approved in the US for the treatment of obesity. Phentermine is an appetite suppressant, while topiramate is an anti-epileptic medication. The once-daily formulation, known as Qsymia™, is designed to produce weight loss by decreasing appetite and increasing satiety. ...
Smith Wesley E WE Department of Environmental & Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, United - - 2012
Semiconductor quantum dots (Qdots) are a promising new technology with benefits in the areas of medical diagnostics and therapeutics. Qdots generally consist of a semiconductor core, capping shell, and surface coating. The semiconductor core of Qdots is often composed of group II and VI metals (e.g., Cd, Se, Te, Hg) ...
Sharma Ramankur R Department of Chemical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, United - - 2012
We investigated the phenomenon of incomplete wetting of a high-energy liquid subphase by drops of pure amphiphilic molecules as well as drops of amphiphile solutions that are immiscible with the subphase. We show that amphiphiles escape across the contact line of the drop, move on the subphase/vapor interface, and form ...
Lam Kwok Ho KH NIH Transducer Resource Center and Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA. - - 2013
Similar to optical tweezers, a tightly focused ultrasound microbeam is needed to manipulate microparticles in acoustic tweezers. The development of highly sensitive ultrahigh frequency ultrasonic transducers is crucial for trapping particles or cells with a size of a few microns. As an extra lens would cause excessive attenuation at ultrahigh ...
Baldwin Laura-Mae - - 2012
Rural populations have limited geographic access to radiation therapy. The current study examines whether rural patients with cancer are less likely than urban patients with cancer to receive recommended radiation therapy, and identifies factors influencing rural versus urban differences in radiation therapy receipt. The current study included 14,692 rural and ...
Tarhini Ahmad A AA Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15232, USA. - - 2012
Among the IFNs, IFN-α2 has been the most broadly evaluated clinically. At the molecular level, IFN-α has multiple effects in a variety of malignancies that range from antiangiogenic to potent immunoregulatory, differentiation-inducing, antiproliferative, and proapoptotic effects. A multitude of IFN-α2 regimens that may be classified as low dose, intermediate dose, ...
Hinrichs Katrin - - 2012
Objective-To evaluate the efficiency of foal production following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and blastocyst culture of oocytes from mares that died or were euthanized under field conditions. Design-Prospective case series. Animals-16 mares (age, 3 to 19 years) that died or were euthanized for various causes. Procedures-Ovaries were collected immediately before ...
Eshar David - - 2012
Objective-To determine the efficacy and safety of topical administration of selamectin and to compare selamectin treatment with a common ivermectin protocol for the treatment of natural infestation with Trixacarus caviae in pet guinea pigs. Design-Clinical trial. Animals-17 mixed-breed pet guinea pigs with active mite infestation. Procedures-Guinea pigs were randomly allocated ...
Lewis Kristin M - - 2012
Objective-To determine whether apparently healthy captive-born wild felids that were not native to North America and were housed in an area endemic for Cytauxzoon felis harbored the pathogen. Design-Prospective observational case series. Animals-11 captive-born wild felids that were (1 bobcat [Lynx rufus] and 1 cougar [Puma concolor]) or were not ...
Newmister Sean A - - 2012
Cobamides (Cbas) are cobalt (Co) containing tetrapyrrole-derivatives involved in enzyme-catalyzed carbon skeleton rearrangements, methyl-group transfers, and reductive dehalogenation. The biosynthesis of cobamides is complex and is only performed by some bacteria and achaea. Cobamides have an upper (Coβ) ligand (5'-deoxyadenosyl or methyl) and a lower (Coα) ligand base that contribute ...
Buczinski Sébastien - - 2012
Objective-To describe echocardiographic and clinical findings in cattle with cardiac manifestation of lymphoma. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-7 adult Holstein dairy cows with cardiac lymphoma. Procedures-Medical and necropsy records of all cows that underwent transthoracic echocardiography from January 2007 through April 2010 because of clinical signs of cardiac diseases or bovine ...
Hambrook Lydia E - - 2012
Case Description-A 9-year-old sexually intact male Staffordshire Bull Terrier and a 9-year-old neutered male Boxer were evaluated for intermittent neurologic signs including muscle tremors, ataxia, episodic collapse, disorientation, and seizures. Clinical Findings-Both dogs had low blood glucose and high serum insulin concentrations. Results of abdominal ultrasonography were unremarkable for both ...
Smith Geof W - - 2012
Objective-To determine the effects of 3 commercially available, orally administered electrolyte solutions (OAEs) on abomasal luminal pH and emptying rate in dairy calves, compared with the effect of orally administered milk replacer. Design-Randomized crossover study. Animals-6 male dairy calves (age, 12 to 31 days). Procedures-Calves were surgically instrumented with an ...
Khorzad Roxanna - - 2012
Objective-To identify dogs and cats with baclofen toxicosis and characterize the patient population, clinical signs, and outcome. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-140 dogs and 5 cats with baclofen toxicosis. Procedures-An animal poison control center electronic database was reviewed from November 2004 through April 2010 to identify dogs and cats with baclofen ...
Guglielmini Carlo C Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Teramo, 64100 Teramo, Italy. - - 2012
To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of radiographically derived measurements of vertebral heart score (VHS) and sphericity index (SI) in the detection of pericardial effusion (PE) in dogs. Retrospective case-control study. Animals-51 dogs with PE associated with various cardiac disorders, 50 dogs with left- or right-sided cardiac disorders without PE, 50 ...
Luo Yingdong - - 2012
2,4-Oxazole is an important structural motif in various natural products. An efficient modular synthesis of this structure has been achieved via a [3 + 2] annulation between a terminal alkyne and a carboxamide using a gold-catalyzed oxidation strategy. The postulated reactive intermediate, a terminal α-oxo gold carbene, previously known to ...
Yue Xuyi - - 2012
Making defect-free macromolecules is a challenging issue in chemical synthesis. This challenge is especially pronounced in dendrimer synthesis where exponential growth quickly leads to steric congestion. To overcome this difficulty, proportionate branching in dendrimer growth is proposed. In proportionate branching, both the number and the length of branches increase exponentially ...
Fhaner Cassie J CJ Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, 578 South Shaw Lane, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, United - - 2012
A "shotgun" lipidomics strategy consisting of sequential functional group selective chemical modification reactions coupled with high-resolution/accurate mass spectrometry and "targeted" tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) analysis has been developed and applied toward the comprehensive identification, characterization and quantitative analysis of changes in relative abundances of >600 individual glycerophospholipid, glycerolipid, sphingolipid and ...
Nagashima Kazuki - - 2012
This study demonstrates the effect of surroundings on a memristive switching at nanoscale by utilizing an open top planar-type device. NiO(x) and CoO(x) planar-type devices have exhibited a memristive behavior under atmospheric pressure, whereas TiO(2-x) planar-type devices did not show a memristive switching even under the same surroundings. A memristive ...
Cheng Hanchao - - 2012
A novel iridium-catalyzed asymmetric ring-opening (ARO) reaction of oxabenzonorbornadienes with a variety of phenols was reported, which afforded the corresponding trans-2-phenoxy-1,2-dihydronaphthalen-1-ol products in high yields with moderate to excellent enantioselectivities (up to 98% ee) under mild conditions. The trans products are formed via the enantioselective cleavage of a bridgehead carbon-oxygen ...
Makita Saori - - 2012
Mutations in the tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) gene cause hypophosphatasia (HPP), an inborn error of metabolism characterized by defects in bone and teeth mineralization accompanying subnormal levels of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. Missense mutations at position 420 of TNSALP (standard nomenclature), which convert glycine to serine [TNSALP (G420S)] or ...
Archambeau Alexis - - 2012
Rings of five and six: Donor alkenyl rhodium carbenoids generated from 3,3-dimethylcyclopropenylcarbinols exhibit high reactivity in intramolecular CH insertions. The reactions proceed under remarkably mild conditions, tolerate the presence of the free hydroxy group, and afford an efficient and stereoselective access to a variety of functionalized carbocycles and oxygen heterocycles.
Yang Ping - - 2012
A new type of PtCo(x) @graphene nanocomposite is prepared by a simple chemical solution method, which can dramatically enhance the chemiluminescence (CL) intensity of luminol-H(2) O(2) system, making it possible for the detection of glucose through measuring the H(2) O(2) produced from its catalytic oxidation.
Harada Norihiro - - 2012
The competitive inhibition of dopamine transporters (DAT) with cocaine, a specific DAT inhibitor, was evaluated with a feedback-controlled bolus plus infusion (FC-B/I) method using animal positron emission tomography (PET) in the living brain of conscious monkey. 2β-Carbomethoxy-3β-(4-fluorophenyl)-8-(2-[(18) F]fluoroethyl) nortropane ([(18) F]β-CFT-FE; Harada et al., 2004) was used for this study ...
Ghahramanzadeh R - - 2012
Biological invasions are regarded as threats to global biodiversity. Among invasive aliens, a number of plant species belonging to the genera Myriophyllum, Ludwigia and Cabomba, and to the Hydrocharitaceae family pose a particular ecological threat to water bodies. Therefore, one would try to prevent them from entering a country. However, ...
Liao Pei-Qin - - 2012
Using a bistriazolate ligand and tetrahedral Zn(II) ion, we synthesized a flexible porous coordination polymer func-tionalized by pairs of uncoordinated triazolate nitrogen donors, which can be used as guest chelating sites to give very high CO2 adsorption enthalpy and CO2/N2 selectivity. The dynamic CO2 sorption behavior can be well monitored ...
Kihara Yusuke - - 2012
Humic acid (HA), a group of high-molecular weight organic compounds characterized by an ability to bind heavy metals, is normally found in natural water. Although the impairment of vascular endothelial cells in the presence of humic substances has been reported to be involved in some diseases, the mechanisms responsible for ...
Barzin M - - 2012
What is already known about this subject Little is known about the predictive ability of anthropometric indices in adolescence for prediction of early adulthood metabolic syndrome (MetS). There are controversies about the predictive power of body mass index (BMI) vs. waist circumference (WC) for prediction of MetS in late adolescence; ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >