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Zhang Liqun L Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, - - 2013
All-atom simulations are carried out on ErbB1/B2 and EphA1 transmembrane helix dimers in lipid bilayers starting from their solution/DMPC bicelle NMR structures. Over the course of microsecond trajectories, the structures remain in close proximity to the initial configuration and satisfy the majority of experimental tertiary contact restraints. These results further ...
Giddu Sumana S Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Center for Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, - - 2013
Stability of the collagen triple helix is largely governed by its imino acid content, namely the occurrence of proline and 4R-hydroxyproline at the X and Y positions, respectively, of the periodic (Gly-X-Y)(n) sequence. Although other amino acids at these positions reduce stability of the triple helix, this can be partially ...
Yan Qi Q Department of Biomedical Engineering, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, - - 2013
Fas binding to Fas-associated death domain (FADD) activates FADD-caspase-8 binding to form death-inducing signaling complex (DISC) that triggers apoptosis. The Fas-Fas association exists primarily as dimer in the Fas-FADD complex, and the Fas-FADD tetramer complexes have the tendency to form higher order oligomer. The importance of the oligomerized Fas-FADD complex ...
Toba Faustino A FA Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, - - 2013
Staphylococcus epidermidis infections are common complications of prosthetic device implantation. SdrF, a surface protein, appears to play a critical role in the initial colonization step by adhering to type I collagen and Dacron™. The role of ionic interactions in S. epidermidis adherence to prosthetic material was examined. SdrF was cloned ...
Mahendru Amita A AA Fetal Medicine Department, Rosie Hospital, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals Foundation Trust, Hills Road, Cambridge, - - 2013
To investigate prepregnancy cardiovascular function and risk factors in women with previous pregnancy complications. Methods: Thirty-four women with previous normal pregnancy (controls), 26 with unexplained recurrent miscarriage (RM) and 14 with pre-eclampsia (PE) and/or intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), planning to conceive were recruited. Brachial and central blood pressures (BP), cardiac ...
Wu Aimin - - 2012
Background: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and multiple sclerosis (MS) are inflammatory demyelinating diseases of human central nervous system (CNS) with complex pathogenesis. IL-21/IL-21R regulates activation, proliferation and survival of both T cells and B cells, which are involved in the pathogenesis of NMO and MS. High levels of serum IL-21 were ...
Steiner Robert W - - 2012
Over the past two decades, steroid-free immunosuppression has become more widespread, but improvements in long-term kidney transplant survival have been modest, mandating scrutiny of our chronic regimens. Current studies and commentary cautiously conclude that steroid-free regimens in low-risk patients seem acceptable for up to 5 years, although most studies are ...
Rigby Heather - - 2012
Background: Abnormal movements are frequently associated with psychiatric disorders. Optimized management and diagnosis of these movements depends on correct labeling. However, there is evidence of reduced accuracy in the labeling of these movements, which could result in sub-optimal care. Objective: To determine the consensus inter-rater reliability between a movement disorders ...
Chapman Jeremy R - - 2012
The research undertaken on 'protocol' renal transplant biopsies has provided a rich, if not the richest, approach to better understanding of the immune and nonimmune impacts upon the transplant. The purpose of this review is to detail how the direct benefit to the patient also lies in these renamed 'surveillance' ...
Kim Hye-Jin - - 2012
Background: Symptomatic intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS) is a dynamic disease that frequently progresses. Statins have been shown to have anti-atherosclerotic activity. We therefore investigated whether statins could prevent progression of ICAS. Methods: This retrospective cohort study assessed 55 patients with acute ischemic stroke and symptomatic ICAS in the middle cerebral or ...
Howell Soo J - - 2012
Cardiac surgery remains one of the most commonly performed surgeries in the world. Intensive insulin therapy has shown to reduce infection in patients undergoing open-heart surgery and is considered standard of care. New technologies are available to achieve and maintain recommended blood glucose goals. These include computer-driven intensive insulin protocols ...
Aldridge Michael D - - 2012
At some point in their careers, all critical care nurses will decide that it is time for them to leave critical care nursing. Whether this decision happens because of role change, retirement, or burnout, the decision can be a difficult one. This article explains my decision to leave the pediatric ...
- - 2012
Logan-Greene, P., & Davis, K. C. (2011). Latent Profiles of Risk Among a Community Sample of Men: Implications for Sexual Aggression. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 26, 1463-1477. Original DOI: 10.1177/0886260510369138.
Mansouri Alireza - - 2012
Background: Vasospasm is a known complication of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and is a major cause of neurological morbidity and mortality. It is infrequently associated with pituitary adenoma surgery. We report three cases and present a systematic review of the literature with a view towards guiding neurosurgeons in the prevention and ...
Ghrooda Esseddeeg - - 2012
Background: The benefits of intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) in acute ischemic stroke is time dependent. Guidelines recommend a door-to-needle (DTN) time of less than 60 minutes. Methods: A retrospective audit of 730 stroke charts from 2008 - 2011 was conducted at Health Sciences Centre. 158 patients treated with ...
Mittmann Nicole - - 2012
Background: Longitudinal, patient-level data on resource use and costs after an ischemic stroke are lacking in Canada. The objectives of this analysis were to calculate costs for the first year post-stroke and determine the impact of disability on costs. Methodology: The Economic Burden of Ischemic Stroke (BURST) Study was a ...
Kiss Zelma H T - - 2012
Background: Chronic migraine is a significant cause of disability world-wide and occipital region stimulation (OS) has been proposed to treat it. While participating in an industry-sponsored pilot trial of OS, we aimed to collect data regarding our surgical complications and long term usage of OS in our chronic migraine patients. ...
Shulaw Rhoda K - - 2012
Symptomatic severe aortic stenosis is a serious life-threatening condition that requires surgical intervention. Until recently, the only available treatment options were through an open-heart surgery technique. A transcatheter aortic valve replacement is a minimally invasive aortic valve replacement procedure that is available for symptomatic patients with severe aortic stenosis and ...
Welten Cassandra M - - 2012
Background: Hemangioblastomas are benign vascular tumors of the central nervous system that occur sporadically or in association with von Hippel-Lindau disease. These tumors are characteristically composed of a dense capillary network with intervening stromal/interstitial cells. To date, the histogenesis of hemangioblastoma remains unclear. We hypothesize that hemangioblastomas arise from a ...
Rigatto Claudio - - 2012
This review aims to describe the challenges and highlight recent advances in the field of risk prediction for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We first focus on methods of model development and metrics of model performance in general, and then highlight important risk prediction tools for patients with CKD, ...
Ho Van - - 2012
This article written by baccalaureate nursing students briefly discusses the use of music therapy in clients on mechanical ventilation in intensive care units. The article explores the possible benefits of music therapy and its use in other aspects of health care.
Lacny Catherine - - 2012
Objective: Patients with dementia benefit from early assessment and diagnosis. In an attempt to identify factors leading to delay in referral, we investigated socio-demographic, clinical, and functional predictors of greater severity of cognitive impairment in dementia patients presenting to a memory clinic in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Methods: Data collection began in ...
Hengy Baptiste - - 2012
To assess preload dependence, the variation of the plethysmographic waveform of pulse oximetry (ΔPOP) has been proposed as a surrogate of the pulse pressure variation (ΔPP). The aim of the study was to assess the ability of the pulse oximeter-derived plethysmographic analysis to accurately trend ΔPP in patients undergoing major ...
Hou Yixuan - - 2012
Transmissible gastroenteritis virus strain AYU was isolated in Shanghai. The complete genome has a length of 28,582 bp and contains seven open reading frames. Sequence analysis suggested that Shanghai strain AYU and U.S. strain Purdue P115 are derived from a common ancestor, as they have 99.6% similarity at the nucleotide ...
Li Jingjing - - 2012
Nine novel human papillomavirus (HPV) types were isolated from healthy skin of individuals in rural Anyang, China. All of these isolates belong to the genus Gammapapillomavirus. These data will provide us with useful information for a better understanding of PV evolution and the relationship of PV with the host.
Li Hongxin - - 2012
Subgroup J avian leukosis virus (ALV-J) isolate GDKP1202 was isolated from a 50-day-old local yellow commercial broiler in the Guangdong province of China in 2012. Here we report the complete genomic sequence of the GDKP1202 isolate, which caused high mortality, serious growth suppression, thymic atrophy, and liver enlargement in commercial ...
Wang Ba - - 2012
We isolated a recombinant H9N2 avian influenza virus (AIV) from fresh egret feces in the Ardeidae protection region of the Dongting Lake wetland area in China, and it was designated A/Egret/Hunan/1/2012(H9N2). This is the first report of isolating H9N2 AIV from wild birds in the Dongting Lake wetland. Its eight ...
Franz Carl J - - 2012
Orsay virus and Santeuil virus, the first known viruses capable of naturally infecting the nematodes Caenorhabditis elegans and Caenorhabditis briggsae, respectively, were recently identified by high-throughput sequencing of wild Caenorhabditis strains. By similar analysis of another wild C. briggsae isolate, we have now discovered and sequenced the complete genome of ...
Chen Feng - - 2012
A novel isolate of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) was designated GX-NN-L. The GX-NN-L IBDV was a very virulent infectious bursal disease virus (vvIBDV) isolated from broiler flocks in Guangxi province, China, in 2011. The GX-NN-L IBDV caused high mortality, immunosuppression, low weight gain, and bursal atrophy in commercial broilers. ...
Cao Weijun - - 2012
Porcine kobuvirus, an emerging virus, may be the underlying etiological cause of a large-scale outbreak of diarrhea in suckling piglets in China that started in 2010. We report the complete genome sequence of the porcine kobuvirus variant CH/HNXX-4/2012 with a 30-amino-acid deletion in its 2B-coding region that was isolated in ...
Wang Yun-Sheng - - 2012
Thysanoplusia orichalcea multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (ThorMNPV) has high virulence to Trichoplusia ni and Pseudoplusia includens larvae, with a potential for biological control of insect pests. The genome of ThorMNPV was sequenced and found to be 132,978 bp, with a G+C content of 37.9%. There are 145 predicted open reading frames (ORFs), ...
Chen Chaoyang - - 2012
For the first time we report the complete genomic sequence of an H11N3 influenza virus from domestic ducks in China. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the H11N3 virus was a novel reassortant with its genes from different subtypes of domestic duck-origin avian influenza viruses, which further underlined that domestic ducks play ...
Wang Meng-meng - - 2012
Here, we report three complete genome sequences of porcine torque teno virus type I (TTV1) which were obtained from swine tissues and sera from southern China through routine and nested PCR amplification and characterized together with other genome sequences already deposited in GenBank. The results showed that the TTV1 sequences ...
Fan Hai-Wei - - 2012
Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV), a member of the Baculoviridae, is a major pathogen of silkworm and has also been recently developed as an expression vector for heterologous gene expression in the silkworm larvae and pupae. To better understand the diversity of this important baculovirus, we sequenced the complete genome of ...
Teng Qiaoyang - - 2012
Previous studies indicate that the H3 influenza virus has the ability to establish infection upon interspecies transmission and poses a threat to mammals. Therefore, it is important to enhance the surveillance of H3 avian influenza viruses (AIVs). In this study, A/duck/Shanghai/C84/2009(H3N2) (C84) was isolated from a live poultry market in ...
Wang Chunmei - - 2012
Human parechoviruses (HPeVs) belonging to the family Picornaviridae are widely spread pathogens among young children. We report the complete genome sequence of a novel HPeV isolated from the stool sample of a hospitalized child with diarrhea in China. The genome consists of 7,305 nucleotides, excluding the 3' poly(A) tail, and ...
Teng Qiaoyang - - 2012
A/duck/Shanghai/28-1/2009(H4N2) (DK28) was isolated from a live poultry market in Shanghai, China. Using PCR and sequencing analysis, we obtained the complete genome sequences of the DK28 virus. The sequence analysis demonstrated that this H4N2 virus was a novel multiple-gene reassortant avian influenza virus (AIV) whose genes originated from H1N1, H1N3, ...
Pierce M - - 2012
Hyperthyroidism, defined by overproduction of thyroid hormones, has a 2-3% prevalence in the population. The most common form of hyperthyroidism is Graves' disease. A diagnostic biomarker for Graves' disease is the presence of immunoglobulins which bind to, and stimulate, the thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR), a G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR). ...
Han D - - 2012
The mRNA levels of a set of immune-related genes were analysed with peripheral blood samples from at-risk, new-onset and long-term type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients, in comparison to those from healthy controls. The selected set includes T lymphocyte genes [CD3G and cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA4)], B lymphocyte genes ...
Alkhamis T - - 2012
Destruction of pancreatic islets in type 1 diabetes is caused by infiltrating, primed and activated T cells. In a clinical setting this autoimmune process is already in an advanced stage before intervention therapy can be administered. Therefore, an effective intervention needs to reduce islet inflammation and preserve any remaining islet ...
Sellebjerg F - - 2012
Expression of the forkhead box protein 3 (FoxP3) transcription factor is regulated by the E3 ubiquitin ligases Itch and Cbl-b and induces regulatory activity CD4(+) CD25(high) T cells. Treatment with interferon (IFN)-β enhances regulatory T cell activity in multiple sclerosis (MS). We studied the phenotype of CD4(+) CD25(high) T cells ...
Mansfield A S - - 2012
We have observed T helper type 2 (Th2) polarization of systemic immunity in patients with metastatic malignant melanoma. We hypothesized that similar changes in systemic immunity occur with ageing and may be permissive for the development of melanoma. We analysed the peripheral blood of 389 healthy blood donors. All subjects ...
Arakawa Y - - 2012
To clarify the association between factors regulating DNA methylation and the prognosis of autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs), we genotyped single nucleotide polymorphisms in genes encoding DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), DNMT3A, DNMT3B, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) and methionine synthase reductase (MTRR), which are enzymes essential for DNA methylation. Subjects for this study ...
Bateman E A L - - 2012
Common variable immunodeficiency disorders (CVID) are a group of heterogeneous conditions that have in common primary failure of B cell function, although numerous T cell abnormalities have been described, including reduced proliferative response and reduced regulatory T cells. This study compared the T cell phenotype of CVID patients subdivided into ...
Christophersen L J - - 2012
Chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients is characterized by biofilms, tolerant to antibiotics and host responses. Instead, immune responses contribute to the tissue damage. However, this may depend on localization of infection in the upper conductive or in the peripheral respiratory zone. To study this we ...
Wang H W - - 2012
Depletion and dysfunction of dendritic cells in the lung can induce local immunoparalysis, which often leads to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS)-associated mortality. A therapeutic strategy that reverses this immunoparalysis is required. In the present study, we examined the effects of in vivo Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 ligand (Flt3L) treatment ...
Jaganjac M - - 2012
The involvement of granulocytes in immune response against cancer is not well understood. Depending on the cytokine milieu in which they act and on their oxidative burst, granulocytes may play either an inhibitory or stimulatory role in tumour growth. Unsaturated fatty acids, essential components of cellular membranes and storage lipids, ...
Auer V J - - 2012
Approximately 60% of transplanted islets undergo apoptosis within the first week post-transplantation into the liver attributed to poor engraftment, immune rejection and toxicity of immunosuppressive drugs. Understanding how extracellular matrix (ECM) components, immunosuppressive drugs and proinflammatory cytokines affect insulin secretion will contribute to an improved clinical outcome of islet transplantations. ...
Mann E R - - 2012
Changes in phenotype and function of γδ T cells have been reported in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Dysregulation of lymphocyte migration plays a key role in IBD pathogenesis; however, data on migratory properties of γδ T cells are scarce. Human circulating γδ ...
Lake-Bakaar G - - 2012
B cell activating factor (BAFF) plays a crucial role in the process of development, maturation and activation of B lymphocytes. Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is characterized by multiple B cell disorders. It is a major cause of type II mixed cryoglobulinaemia (MC). We measured serum BAFF levels in ...
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