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Zhong Bo B Department of Immunology and Center for Inflammation and Cancer, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, - - 2012
Interleukin 17 (IL-17) is important in infection and autoimmunity; how it signals remains poorly understood. In this study, we identified the ubiquitin-specific protease USP25 as a negative regulator of IL-17-mediated signaling and inflammation. Overexpression of USP25 inhibited IL-17-triggered signaling, whereas USP25 deficiency resulted in more phosphorylation of the inhibitor IκBα ...
Hanauer Matthias - - 2012
The reason for the lack of size extensivity in the valence space in current implementations of internally contracted multireference coupled cluster theories is the procedure used to eliminate redundant components from the cluster operator. We present a simple way to restore full size extensivity by performing this critical step in ...
Busuladžić M - - 2012
We theoretically investigate high-order above-threshold ionization (HATI) of heteronuclear diatomic molecules applying the molecular strong-field approximation which includes dressing of the molecular bound state. We consider HATI of nitrogen monoxide molecules, which are characterized by the π symmetry of their highest occupied molecular orbital. We show that the HATI spectra ...
Min Lihua - - 2012
Understanding stage-dependent oncogenic mechanisms is critical to develop not only targeted therapies, but also diagnostic markers and preventive strategies. The mechanisms acting during cancer initiation remain elusive, largely owing to a lack of suitable animal models and limited availability of human precancerous lesions. Here we show using genetic mouse models ...
Chihara Yasuhiro - - 2012
Abstract Conclusions: Inferior vestibular neuritis (IVN) is a relatively minor subtype of vestibular neuritis (VN) and its clinical characteristics are unique. Objectives: To clarify clinical characteristics of IVN in comparison with conventional VN. Methods: This was a retrospective case series review. Caloric responses and cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) ...
Sneddon Julie B JB Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology, Harvard Stem Cell Institute, Harvard University, 7 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, - - 2012
One goal of regenerative medicine, to use stem cells to replace cells lost by injury or disease, depends on producing an excess of the relevant cell for study or transplantation. To this end, the stepwise differentiation of stem cells into specialized derivatives has been successful for some cell types, but ...
Boneschanscher Mark P - - 2012
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) images of graphene and graphite show contrast with atomic periodicity. However, the contrast patterns vary depending on the atomic termination of the AFM tip apex and the tip-sample distance, hampering the identification of the atomic positions. Here, we report quantitative AFM imaging of epitaxial graphene using ...
Reperant Leslie A - - 2012
The complex relationships between the human and animal species have never ceased to evolve since the emergence of the human species and have resulted in a human-animal interface that has promoted the cross-species transmission, emergence and eventual evolution of a plethora of infectious pathogens. Remarkably, most of the characteristics of ...
Kotilainen Hannele - - 2012
Background: Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) cause disease in healthy and immunocompromised patients. The American Thoracic Society (ATS) 2007 diagnostic criteria were devised to distinguish NTM disease from airway colonization. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of the ATS criteria. Methods: In a 4-y follow-up study that ...
Cawkwell M J - - 2012
Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics simulations with long-term conservation of the total energy and a computational cost that scales linearly with system size have been obtained simultaneously. Linear scaling with a low pre-factor is achieved using density matrix purification with sparse matrix algebra and a numerical threshold on matrix elements. The extended ...
Riazi Kermani Farhad - - 2012
A new approach for thin film microextraction (TFME) with mixed-phase sorptive coating is presented. Carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS) and polydimethylsiloxane/divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB) TFME samplers were prepared using spin coating and glass wool fabric mesh as substrate. The samplers were easily tailored in size and shape by cutting tools. Good durability and flat-shape stability ...
Sedlmeier Felix - - 2012
The temperature-dependent solvation of hydrophobic solutes in water is investigated by large-scale molecular dynamics simulations. A simultaneous fit of solvation free energies for spheres and cylinders with radii up to R = 2 nm yields a negative Tolman length on the order of 1 Å at room temperature, equivalent to ...
Chang Chih-Ming - - 2012
Abstract Conclusion: The age-related changes in ocular vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (oVEMPs) elicited by galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) and bone-conducted vibration (BCV) might be attributed to the morphological degeneration of the vestibular system. Objective: This study employed GVS and BCV modes for eliciting oVEMPs in healthy subjects to explore the effect ...
Ramírez R - - 2012
The phase diagram of ice Ih, II, and III is studied by a quasi-harmonic approximation. The results of this approach are compared to phase diagrams previously derived by thermodynamic integration using path integral and classical simulations, as well as to experimental data. The studied models are based on both flexible ...
Verma Prakash - - 2012
The concept of a "consistent," Kohn-Sham (KS) density functional theory (DFT) is discussed, where the functional is able to provide good total energies and its self-consistent potential is such that the KS eigenvalues correspond to accurate approximations to the principal ionization potentials for the molecule. Today, none of the vast ...
Oliveira R C de M - - 2012
In this work, a chemical model for the camphene ozonolysis, leading to carbonyl final products, is proposed and discussed on the basis of the thermochemical properties and kinetic data obtained at density functional theory levels of calculation. The mechanism is initiated by the electrophilic attack of ozone to the double ...
Egorov S A - - 2012
In this work, two-dimensional lattice-based self-consistent field theory is used to study the free energy cost associated with the insertion of a nanoparticle into a polymer brush. The nanoparticle is modeled as a cylinder and the self-consistent field equations are formulated on a cylindrical lattice. The use of two-dimensional formalism ...
Liu Xiao Hua - - 2012
In lithium-ion batteries, the electrochemical reaction between the electrodes and lithium is a critical process that controls the capacity, cyclability and reliability of the battery. Despite intensive study, the atomistic mechanism of the electrochemical reactions occurring in these solid-state electrodes remains unclear. Here, we show that in situ transmission electron ...
Filatov Michael - - 2012
The dependence of the nuclear quadrupole coupling constants (NQCC) on the interaction between electrons and a nucleus of finite size is theoretically analyzed. A deviation of the ratio of the NQCCs obtained from two different isotopomers of a molecule from the ratio of the corresponding bare nuclear electric quadrupole moments, ...
Fukuda Ryoichi - - 2012
The electronic excited states and optical absorption spectrum of C(60) fullerene below 6.2 eV (200 nm) were calculated using the ab initio many-body wavefunction theory of cluster expansion method: the symmetry-adapted cluster-configuration interaction method. Not only optically allowed states but also optically forbidden states were calculated for studying the observed ...
Helmiö Päivi - - 2012
Abstract Conclusion: The WHO surgical checklist is well suited to otorhinolaryngology-head and neck surgery (ORL-HNS) and the users are satisfied with its content. Objectives: Use of the checklist will improve safety in operating rooms (ORs). The checklist has been taken into use in ORL-HNS, and preliminary experiences are promising. However, ...
Moore Katharine W - - 2012
The broad success of optimally controlling quantum systems with external fields has been attributed to the favorable topology of the underlying control landscape, where the landscape is the physical observable as a function of the controls. The control landscape can be shown to contain no suboptimal trapping extrema upon satisfaction ...
Kežić Bernarda - - 2012
Aqueous acetone mixtures represent a good example of perfectly miscible liquids in reality, and that hard to mix in silico. This is related to a key problem in molecular simulations, which is to distinguish between strongly micro-segregated mixtures from phase-separated ones. The Kirkwood-Buff integrals of in silico aqueous mixtures are ...
Maesato Mitsuhiko - - 2012
We report the first observation of spin-flop-induced sharp positive magnetoresistance as large as 100% and nonvolatile magnetoresistive memory in a π-d hybrid molecular conductor, (DIETSe)(2)FeCl(4) [DIETSe = dii-ode(ethylenedithio)tetraselenafulvalene]. The unprecedent-ed magnetotransport phenomena are originating from the coexistence of the spin density wave (SDW) of the quasi-one-dimensional (Q1D) π electrons and ...
Deery Evelyne - - 2012
The biosynthesis of many vitamins and coenzymes has often proven difficult to elucidate owing to a combination of low abundance and kinetic lability of the pathway intermediates. Through a serial reconstruction of the cobalamin (vitamin B(12)) pathway in Escherichia coli and by His tagging the terminal enzyme in the reaction ...
Cao Qian - - 2012
Intermolecular complexes of phenol with xenon and nitrogen are studied by infrared absorption spectroscopy in a neon matrix and by quantum chemistry calculations. The π complex is theoretically the most stable 1:1 phenol⋅⋅⋅Xe structure, but it has no characteristic shifts in the calculated vibrational spectrum, which complicates its experimental characterization. ...
Roy Dipankar - - 2012
We compare dispersion and induction interactions for noble gas dimers and for Ne, methane, and 2-butyne with HF and LiF using a variety of functionals (including some specifically parameterized to evaluate dispersion interactions) with ab initio methods including CCSD(T) and MP2. We see that inductive interactions tend to enhance dispersion ...
Raudino Antonio - - 2012
A simple hydrodynamic model has been developed to explain the experimentally observed chirality selection in stirred solutions of self-assembling achiral dyes. Selection depends on the stirring direction: the dichroic signal reverses its shape in clockwise or anti-clockwise rotations. Our model investigates the possible role of the liquid-solid interface in nucleating, ...
Hahn Thomas T G - - 2012
Persistent activity is thought to mediate working memory during behavior. Can it also occur during sleep? We found that the membrane potential of medial entorhinal cortex layer III (MECIII) neurons, a gateway between neocortex and hippocampus, showed spontaneous, stochastic persistent activity in vivo in mice during Up-Down state oscillations (UDS). ...
Bodrenko I V - - 2012
We present an extension of the charge-dipole model for the description of periodic systems. This periodic charge-dipole electrostatic model (PCDEM) allows one to describe the linear response of periodic structures in terms of charge- and dipole-type Gaussian basis functions. The long-range electrostatic interaction is efficiently described by means of the ...
Davis Emily J EJ Medical Research Council Protein Phosphorylation Unit, Sir James Black Centre, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, - - 2012
Ubiquitin-binding domains (UBDs) are crucial for recruiting many proteins to sites of DNA damage. Here we characterize C1orf124 (Spartan; referred to as DVC1), which has an UBZ4-type UBD found predominantly in DNA repair proteins. DVC1 associates with DNA replication factories and localizes to sites of DNA damage in human cells, ...
Ungru J - - 2012
Fifteen obese ponies were used in a body weight (BW) reduction programme (BWRP, daily energy intake: 7.0-8.4 MJ/100 kg BW). A frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test was used to assess insulin sensitivity. Subcutaneous adipose tissue biopsies of the tail head were obtained for mRNA gene expression profiles of adiponectin, ...
Leão Richardson N - - 2012
The vast diversity of GABAergic interneurons is believed to endow hippocampal microcircuits with the required flexibility for memory encoding and retrieval. However, dissection of the functional roles of defined interneuron types has been hampered by the lack of cell-specific tools. We identified a precise molecular marker for a population of ...
Šulc Petr - - 2012
We introduce a sequence-dependent parametrization for a coarse-grained DNA model [T. E. Ouldridge, A. A. Louis, and J. P. K. Doye, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 085101 (2011)] originally designed to reproduce the properties of DNA molecules with average sequences. The new parametrization introduces sequence-dependent stacking and base-pairing interaction strengths chosen ...
Carlsson Per-Inge - - 2012
Abstract Conclusion: The most common mutation in the Swedish population was Connexin 26 (C×26) 35delG, which indicates that the percentage of Swedish persons with C×26 mutations and polymorphisms in the GJB2 gene among non-syndromic hearing-impaired (HI) persons is comparable to the rest of Europe. The results strongly support a Swedish ...
Duan Da D Department of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, - - 2012
Kar3Vik1 is a heterodimeric kinesin with one catalytic subunit (Kar3) and one noncatalytic subunit (Vik1). Vik1 experiences conformational changes in regions analogous to the force-producing elements in catalytic kinesins. A molecular mechanism by which Kar3 could trigger Vik1's release from microtubules was revealed. These findings will serve as the prototype ...
Cho Mi Hyeon - - 2012
The regulation of cellular activities in a controlled manner is one of the most challenging issues in fields ranging from cell biology to biomedicine. Nanoparticles have the potential of becoming useful tools for controlling cell signalling pathways in a space and time selective fashion. Here, we have developed magnetic nanoparticles ...
McCaffery Anthony J - - 2012
State-to-state, collision-induced, energy transfer is followed to equilibrium through sequences of collision cycles in gas ensembles containing vibrationally excited oxygen molecules (v = 8 and 1) in several different atomic and molecular bath gases. Quantum state distributions for each of the constituent species are available at each stage of the ...
Gunduz Bulent - - 2012
Abstract Conclusion: Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) application to the middle ear windows yields better functional outcomes than conventional hearing aids. However, speech discrimination scores obtained with VSB and conventional hearing aids are similar. Objective: To assess audiological outcomes of round and oval window applications of VSB in comparison with conventional hearing ...
Zong Jing - - 2012
We proposed a novel anisotropic soft-core potential for spherocylinders that takes into account the degree of overlap between two spherocylinders, thus superior to other soft-core spherocylinder models depending only on the minimum distance between two line segments representing spherocylinders, for example, that used by Vink and Schilling [Phys. Rev. E ...
Graziano Vito V Biology Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973, - - 2013
Late in an adenovirus infection, the viral proteinase (AVP) becomes activated to process virion precursor proteins used in virus assembly. AVP is activated by two cofactors, the viral DNA and pVIc, an 11-amino acid peptide originating from the C terminus of the precursor protein pVI. There is a conundrum in ...
Erb Tobias J - - 2012
Functional assignment of uncharacterized proteins is a challenge in the era of large-scale genome sequencing. Here, we combine in extracto NMR, proteomics and transcriptomics with a newly developed (knock-out) metabolomics platform to determine a potential physiological role for a ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RubisCO)-like protein from Rhodospirillum rubrum. Our studies unraveled an ...
Koenig Steven P - - 2012
Membranes act as selective barriers and play an important role in processes such as cellular compartmentalization and industrial-scale chemical and gas purification. The ideal membrane should be as thin as possible to maximize flux, mechanically robust to prevent fracture, and have well-defined pore sizes to increase selectivity. Graphene is an ...
Kryvohuz M - - 2012
The semiclassical instanton approach discussed by Kryvohuz [J. Chem. Phys. 134, 114103 (2011)] is applied to calculate kinetic H/D isotope effect (KIE) of intramolecular hydrogen transfer in cis-1,3-pentadiene. All 33 vibrational degrees of freedom are treated quantum mechanically with semiclassical approximation. Nuclear quantum effects such as tunneling under the barrier ...
Pendás A Martín - - 2012
The Ehrenfest force is the force acting on the electrons in a molecule due to the presence of the other electrons and the nuclei. There is an associated force field in three-dimensional space that is obtained by the integration of the corresponding Hermitian quantum force operator over the spin coordinates ...
Blainey Paul C PC Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, - - 2013
Precursor proteins used in the assembly of adenovirus virions must be processed by the virally encoded adenovirus proteinase (AVP) before the virus particle becomes infectious. An activated adenovirus proteinase, the AVP-pVIc complex, was shown to slide along viral DNA with an extremely fast one-dimensional diffusion constant, 21.0 ± 1.9 × ...
Yamatodani Takashi - - 2012
The study showed the value of using intravital microscopy (IVM) analysis for the study of neoangiogenesis. It demonstrated that the model and the analytical methodology could be used to evaluate in detail the effects of treatment strategies for solid tumours. Neoangiogenesis is a key component of tumour progression, invasion and ...
Martínez-Ratón Yuri - - 2012
We use a fundamental-measure density functional for hard board-like polydisperse particles, in the restricted-orientation approximation, to explain the phase behaviour of platelet colloidal suspensions studied in recent experiments. In particular, we focus our attention on the behavior of the total packing fraction of the mixture, η, in the region of ...
Kibsgaard Jakob - - 2012
Controlling surface structure at the atomic scale is paramount to developing effective catalysts. For example, the edge sites of MoS(2) are highly catalytically active and are thus preferred at the catalyst surface over MoS(2) basal planes, which are inert. However, thermodynamics favours the presence of the basal plane, limiting the ...
Muramatsu Rieko - - 2012
Angiogenesis is a prominent feature of central nervous system (CNS) disease and has roles in both the continued promotion of inflammation and the subsequent repair processes. Here we report that prostacyclin (or prostaglandin I(2) (PGI(2))) derived from new vessels promotes axonal remodeling of injured neuronal networks after CNS inflammation. In ...
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