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Grünwald G K - - 2012
In this study, we determined the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of sodium iodide symporter (NIS) gene transfer and the therapeutic potential of oncolytic virotherapy combined with radioiodine therapy using a conditionally replicating oncolytic adenovirus. For this purpose, we used a replication-selective adenovirus in which the E1a gene is ...
Liu Kai - - 2012
Abstract Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can be artificially reprogrammed from somatic cells by overexpression of exogenous transcription factors. The pig has increasingly become an important large animal model for preclinical tests and studies of human diseases; thus, the generation of porcine iPSCs will facilitate research into the efficacy and ...
La Kim Eun - - 2012
A new cyclic tetrapeptide (1), along with known congeners (2 and 3), was isolated from the fungus Phoma sp. derived from the giant jellyfish Nemopilema nomurai. The absolute configuration of 1 was determined using the modified Mosher's method and Marfey's method. Compound 1 displayed a weak suppressive effect on the ...
Hajjaji Nawale - - 2012
Body weight loss during the course of cancer disease has been associated with poor prognosis. Beside cancer-associated cachexia, weight loss can also result from chemotherapy. This work explored whether a model of mammary tumors in female Sprague Dawley rats could be appropriate to study the effect of doxorubicin on body ...
Nomoto Yuji - - 2012
The plant circadian clock generates rhythms with a period close to 24 h, and it controls a wide variety of physiological and developmental events, enabling plants to adapt to ever-changing environmental light conditions. In Arabidopsis thaliana, the clock regulates the diurnal and photoperiodic plant growth including the elongation of hypocotyls ...
Nomoto Yuji - - 2012
In Arabidopsis thaliana, the circadian clock regulates diurnal and photoperiodic plant growth including the elongation of hypocotyls in a time-of-day-specific and short-day (SD)-specific manner. The clock-controlled PHYTOCHROME-INTERACTING FACTOR 4 (PIF4) encoding a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor plays crucial roles in this regulation. PIF4 is transcribed precociously at the end ...
Codony-Servat Jordi - - 2013
Previous work showed that the NF-κB survival pathway is activated by docetaxel (D) and contributes to D resistance in prostate cancer. In this study we aimed to investigate the dynamics of the relationship between NF-κB and IL-6 in the shift from D-naive castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) to D-resistance in patients ...
Lee Stephen - - 2013
Mycophenolate-associated colitis has been previously reported to show patterns of colonic mucosal injury mimicking a host of conditions, including graft-versus-host disease, ischaemia and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of this study is to characterise, semiquantitatively, pathological changes of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) mucosal injury. Seven transplant patients receiving MMF who ...
Kondo Shunsuke - - 2012
In a substantial population of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), expression and activation of EGF receptor (EGFR) have been reported and is regarded as a novel molecular target. A growing body of evidence has shown the signaling crosstalk between EGFR and integrins in cellular migration and invasion. NEDD9 is an ...
Li Zhen - - 2012
Myc is a pleiotropic transcription factor that is involved in many cellular activities relevant to carcinogenesis including hepatocarcinogenesis. The zebrafish has been increasingly used to model human diseases and it is particularly valuable to help identify common and conserved molecular mechanisms in vertebrates. Here we generated a liver tumor model ...
Ostadal Petr - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Prognostic stratification of cardiac arrest survivors (CAS) is essential for the selection of the most appropriate therapeutic strategy. However, accurate early outcome predictions for this patient population remain challenging. At present, there is a lack of data examining the prognostic value of C-terminal provasopressin (copeptin) in CAS. METHODS: ...
Maslove David M - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Sepsis is a syndromic illness that has traditionally been defined by a set of broad, highly sensitive clinical parameters. As a result, numerous distinct pathophysiologic states may meet diagnostic criteria for sepsis, leading to syndrome heterogeneity. The existence of biologically distinct sepsis subtypes may in part explain the ...
Cao Chuanding - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: 3% Sodium Chloride (NaCl) treatment has been shown to reduce brain edema and inhibited brain aquaporin 4 (AQP4) expression in bacterial meningitis induced by Escherichia coli. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is the main pathogenic component of Escherichia coli. We aimed to explore the effect of 3% NaCl in mouse brain ...
Pradelli Lorenzo - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Previous studies and a meta-analysis in surgical patients indicate that supplementing parenteral nutrition regimens with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), in particular eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), is associated with improved laboratory and clinical outcomes in the setting of hyper-inflammatory conditions. Refined or synthetic fish oils ...
Schramm Patrick - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Sepsis-associated delirium (SAD) increases morbidity in septic patients and, therefore, factors contributing to SAD should be further characterized. One possible mechanism might be the impairment of cerebrovascular autoregulation (AR) by sepsis, leading to cerebral hypo- or hyperperfusion in these haemodynamically unstable patients. Therefore, the present study investigates the ...
Desmettre Thibaut - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Prothrombin Complex Concentrate (PCC) is a key treatment in the management of bleeding related to Vitamin K antagonists (VKA). This study aimed to evaluate prospectively PCC use in patients with VKA-related bleeding in view of the current French guidelines edited in 2008. METHODS: All consecutive patients with VKA-related ...
Alfieri Alessio - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Severe sepsis is characterized by intravascular or extravascular infection with microbial agents, systemic inflammation and microcirculatory dysfunction, leading to tissue damage, organ failure and death. The growth factor angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) has therapeutic potential but recombinant Ang-1 tends to aggregate and has a short half life in vivo. This ...
Watanabe Ippei - - 2013
Indoxyl sulfate (IS) is a uremic toxin that causes renal injury, but little is known about its adverse effects on the cardiovascular system. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcriptional factor that mediates adaptive and toxic responses in cells. Recent studies identified IS as an endogenous agonist for ...
Dibb M - - 2012
The transcription factor FOXM1 is an important regulator of the cell cycle through controlling periodic gene expression during the G2 and M phases. One key target for FOXM1 is the gene encoding the protein kinase PLK1 and PLK1 itself acts in a positive feedback loop to phosphorylate and activate FOXM1. ...
Chebli Youssef - - 2012
The pollen tube is a cellular protuberance formed by the pollen grain, or male gametophyte, in flowering plants. Its principal metabolic activity is the synthesis and assembly of cell wall material, which must be precisely coordinated to sustain the characteristic rapid growth rate and to ensure geometrically correct and efficient ...
Keller Roberta L - - 2012
Surfactant dysfunction may contribute to the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in persistently ventilated preterm infants. We conducted a multicenter randomized, blinded, pilot study to assess the safety and efficacy of late administration of doses of a surfactant protein-B (SP-B)-containing surfactant (calfactant) in combination with prolonged inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) ...
Betzelberger Amy M - - 2012
Current background ozone (O(3)) concentrations over the northern hemisphere's midlatitudes are high enough to damage crops and are projected to increase. Soybean (Glycine max) is particularly sensitive to O(3); therefore, establishing an O(3) exposure threshold for damage is critical to understanding the current and future impact of this pollutant. This ...
Lee Joyce Yu-Chia - - 2012
Lack of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) records in actual practice settings continues to create therapeutic challenges for clinicians, especially in adjusting insulin therapy. In order to overcome this clinical obstacle, a "Symptom-based Insulin adjustment for Glucose Normalization" (SIGN) algorithm was developed to guide clinicians in caring for patients with ...
Lummis Sarah C R - - 2012
5-Hydroxytryptamine type 3 (5-HT(3)) receptors are cation-selective Cys loop receptors found in both the central and peripheral nervous systems. There are five 5-HT(3) receptor subunits (A-E), and all functional receptors require at least one A subunit. Regions from noncontiguous parts of the subunit sequence contribute to the agonist-binding site, and ...
Lin Y - - 2012
Amplification of aurora kinase A (AK-A) overrides the mitotic spindle assembly checkpoint, inducing resistance to taxanes. RNA interference targeting AK-A in human pancreatic cancer cell lines enhanced taxane chemosensitivity. In this study, a novel AK-A inhibitor, CYC3, was investigated in pancreatic cancer cell lines, in combination with paclitaxel. Western blot, ...
Linehan W Marston - - 2012
Kidney cancer is not a single disease; it is made up of a number of different types of cancer, including clear cell, type 1 papillary, type 2 papillary, chromophobe, TFE3, TFEB, and oncocytoma. Sporadic, nonfamilial kidney cancer includes clear cell kidney cancer (75%), type 1 papillary kidney cancer (10%), papillary ...
Brandmayr Caterina - - 2012
Useful diversity: Quantification of modified tRNA nucleobases in different murine and porcine tissues reveals a tissue-specific overall modification content. The modification content correlates with rates of protein synthesis in vitro, suggesting a direct link between tRNA modification levels and tissue-specific translational efficiency.
Rastrelli Giulia - - 2012
The classification of subjects as low or high cardiovascular (CV) risk is usually performed by risk engines, based upon multivariate prediction algorithms. However, their accuracy in predicting major adverse CV events (MACEs) is lower in high-risk populations as they take into account only conventional risk factors. To evaluate the accuracy ...
Shoaib Muhammad - - 2013
We have developed an approach termed PUB-NChIP (proximity utilizing biotinylation with native ChIP) to purify and study the protein composition of chromatin in proximity to a nuclear protein of interest. It is based on coexpression of (1) a protein of interest, fused with the bacterial biotin ligase BirA, together with ...
Chen Jeng-Sheng - - 2012
Study Type--Prognosis (cohort) Level of Evidence 2a. What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Higher mortality and morbidity rates in men presenting with AUR have been reported in previous studies. This study has comprehensive comparisons of post-TURP complications between patients with and without AUR. Furthermore, it ...
Visco Anthony G - - 2012
Anticholinergic medications and onabotulinumtoxinA are used to treat urgency urinary incontinence, but data directly comparing the two types of therapy are needed. We performed a double-blind, double-placebo-controlled, randomized trial involving women with idiopathic urgency urinary incontinence who had five or more episodes of urgency urinary incontinence per 3-day period, as ...
Reid Rory C - - 2012
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) criteria for hypersexual disorder (HD) have been proposed to capture symptoms reported by patients seeking help for out-of-control sexual behavior. The proposed criteria created by the DSM-5 Work Group on Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders require evaluation in a formal ...
Nix Jeffrey W - - 2012
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? MRI has been shown to improve prostate cancer detection rates. Pinto et al. (J Urol 2011; 86: 1281-5) reported their outcomes on 101 patients with low, moderate or high suspicion lesions on multiparametric MRI that were subsequently targeted via ...
Legood R - - 2012
Previous studies have indicated that human papillomavirus (HPV) testing as a triage for managing equivocal cytology is cost-effective. The aim of this study was to assess the costs of alternative roll-out options. Detailed cost estimates were collected from six laboratories where HPV triage had been implemented. Costs were assessed for ...
Wong L-M - - 2012
The controversies concerning possible overtreatment of prostate cancer, highlighted by debate over PSA screening, have highlighted active surveillance (AS) as an alternative management option for appropriate men. Regional differences in the underlying prevalence of PSA testing may alter the pre-test probability for high-risk disease, which can potentially interfere with the ...
Chang Shuai - - 2012
Gold has been the metal of choice for research on molecular tunneling junctions, but it is incompatible with complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor fabrication because it forms deep level traps in silicon. Palladium electrodes do not contaminate silicon, and also give higher tunnel current signals in the molecular tunnel junctions that we have ...
Reardon D A - - 2012
Bevacizumab improves outcome for most recurrent glioblastoma patients, but the duration of benefit is limited and survival after initial bevacizumab progression is poor. We evaluated bevacizumab continuation beyond initial progression among recurrent glioblastoma patients as it is a common, yet unsupported practice in some countries. We analysed outcome among all ...
Rillahan Cory D - - 2012
Click 'n' chips: Azide and alkyne-bearing sialic acids (purple diamond; see picture) were subjected to high-throughput click chemistry to generate a library of sialic acid analogues. Microarray printing of the library and screening with the siglec family of sialic-acid-binding proteins, led to the identification of high-affinity ligands for siglec-9 and ...
Kale Seyit - - 2012
Easy come, easy go: LEWIS, a new model of reactive and polarizable water that enables the simulation of a statistically reliable number of proton hopping events in aqueous acid and base at concentrations of practical interest, is used to evaluate proton transfer intermediates in aqueous acid and base (picture, left ...
Haddad Gabrielle L - - 2012
A series of inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) have been screened by back-scattering interferometry (BSI). Enzyme levels as low as 100 pM (22,000 molecules of AChE) can be detected. This method can be used to screen for mixed AChE inhibitors, agents that have shown high efficacy against Alzheimer's disease, by detecting dual-binding interactions. ...
Moghaddam Minoo J - - 2012
A facile, two-step method for chemically attaching single-stranded DNA to graphitic surfaces, represented here by carbon nanotubes, is reported. In the first step, an azide-containing compound, N-5-azido-nitrobenzoyloxy succinimide (ANB-NOS), is used to form photo-adducts on the graphitic surfaces in a solid-state photochemical reaction, resulting in active ester groups being oriented ...
Granado-Lorencio F - - 2012
Intoxication from vitamin D supplements has been rarely reported, but nowadays, it occurs more frequently. The presence of the C-3 epimer of 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) (3-epi-25-OH-D(3)) is highly prevalent in adults, although there is little information regarding its in vivo relevance, if any, especially under pathological conditions. Our aim was to ...
Karasavvas Nicos - - 2012
The Thai Phase III clinical trial (RV144) showed modest efficacy in preventing HIV-1 acquisition. Plasma collected from HIV-1-uninfected trial participants completing all injections with ALVAC-HIV (vCP1521) prime and AIDSVAX B/E boost were tested for antibody responses against HIV-1 gp120 envelope (Env). Peptide microarray analysis from six HIV-1 subtypes and group ...
Vila Jordi - - 2012
Although the clinical importance of Acinetobacter pittii and Acinetobacter nosocomialis has increased in the nosocomial setting in the last decade, infections caused by Acinetobacter baumannii still have the highest clinical relevance. The most important features of this latter species are the ability to persist in the hospital environment and the ...
Buchman Aron S - - 2012
Previous work has showed that nigral neuron density is related to the severity of parkinsonism proximate to death in older persons without a clinical diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD). We tested the hypothesis that neuron density in other brain stem aminergic nuclei is also related to the severity of parkinsonism. ...
Tawadros T - - 2012
High intake of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) has been associated with clinical progression in prostate cancer (CaP). This study investigates the signalling mechanism by which the omega-6 PUFA arachidonic acid (AA) induces prostatic cellular migration to bone marrow stroma. Western blot analysis of the PC-3, PC3-GFP, DU 145 and ...
Doherty Matthew T MT Molecular Biology Institute and the Department of Biology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92182-1030, - - 2012
Myb repeats ∼52 amino acid residues in length were first characterized in the oncogenic Myb transcription factor, which contains three tandem Myb repeats in its DNA-binding domain. Proteins of this family normally contain either one, two, or three tandem Myb repeats that are involved in protein-DNA interactions. The small nuclear ...
Glekas George D GD Department of Biochemistry, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, - - 2012
Bacillus subtilis can perform chemotaxis toward all 20 L-amino acids normally found in proteins. Loss of a single chemoreceptor, McpC, was previously found to reduce chemotaxis to 19 of these amino acids. In this study, we investigated the amino acid-sensing mechanism of McpC. We show that McpC alone can support ...
Larrouy-Maumus Gérald G CNRS, Institut de Pharmacologie et de Biologie Structurale, Département Mécanismes Moléculaires des Infections Mycobactériennes, F-31077 Toulouse, - - 2012
The biosynthesis of the major cell envelope glycoconjugates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is topologically split across the plasma membrane, yet nothing is known of the transporters required for the translocation of lipid-linked sugar donors and oligosaccharide intermediates from the cytoplasmic to the periplasmic side of the membrane in mycobacteria. One of ...
Mohammad Shahid S Graduate School of Innovative Life Science, University of Toyama, 3190 Gofuku, Toyama-city, Toyama 930-8555, - - 2012
Cholecystokinin (CCK) and its receptor subtypes CCK-1 and -2 have diverse homeostatic functions. CCK-1 and -2 receptors share a common phosphatidylinositol signaling pathway, yet little is known regarding their possible functional coupling. We focused on CCK-mediated Ca(2+) signaling in parvocellular paraventricular nucleus (PVN) cells, which control satiety and other autonomic ...
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