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Li Sheng - - 2012
Perceptual judgments are frequently made during uncertain situations. Previous human brain imaging studies have revealed multiple cortical and subcortical areas that are activated when decision uncertainty is linked to outcome probability. However, the neural mechanisms of uncertainty modulation in different perceptual decision tasks have not been systematically investigated. Uncertainty of ...
Edwards Kyle F - - 2012
A fundamental yet elusive goal of ecology is to predict the structure of communities from the environmental conditions they experience. Trait-based approaches to terrestrial plant communities have shown that functional traits can help reveal the mechanisms underlying community assembly, but such approaches have not been tested on the microbes that ...
Han Wei-Qiang - - 2012
Isotopic (10)BN sheets were first prepared using graphene sheets as templates to react with (10)B(2)O(3). The edge-areas of BN sheets have much higher oxygen-doping ratios compared to other areas. The emission peak of X-ray excited optical luminescence spectra of the (10)BN-sheets is broader and red-shifted because of the isotopic effect. ...
Lounifi Imen - - 2012
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) are key regulators of redox homeostasis in living organisms including plants. As control of redox homeostasis plays a central function in plant biology, redox proteomics could help characterizing the potential roles played by ROS/RNS-induced post-translational modification (PTMs) in plant cells. In ...
Bozic-Weber Biljana - - 2012
The structures and properties of the homoleptic copper(i) complexes [Cu()(2)][PF(6)] and [Cu()(2)][PF(6)] ( = 6,6'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine, = 6,6'-bis{2-[4-(N,N'-diphenylamino)phenyl]ethenyl}-2,2'-bipyridine) are compared, and a strategy of ligand exchange in solution has been used to prepare eight TiO(2) surface-bound heteroleptic complexes incorporating ligands with bpy metal-binding domains and carboxylate or phosphonate anchoring groups. The ...
Sun Chunrui - - 2012
A novel C(sp(3))-H amination of trimethylsilyl-substituted cyclopropenes is described. This C-H amination proceeds via a tandem regioselective ene reaction between cyclopropenes and azodicarboxylate to generate a hydrazodicarboxylate intermediate followed by its site-selective allylic transposition.
Sheng Qinglin - - 2012
A novel route for controlled synthesis of Prussian blue nanospheres (PB NSs) with different sizes by using deep eutectic solvents (DES) as both solvent and template provider was demonstrated. The size-controlled PB NSs were obtained directly by the coordination of Fe(CN)(6)(4-) ion with Fe(3+) ion in the DES. The probable ...
Arapitsas Panagiotis - - 2012
The metabolic pigment composition of Sangiovese wines produced from grapes harvested at twenty different vineyards in Montalcino over three consecutive years (2008-2010) on a semi-industrial scale and 55 commercial Brunello di Montalcino wines (2004-2007) was studied, using a targeted method capable of analysing 90 pigments in a 11 min UHPLC-MS/MS ...
Gabutti Luca - - 2012
To the Editor: Kang et al. (June 28 issue)(1) report significantly better outcomes with early surgery than with conventional treatment in patients with infective endocarditis and vegetations with a diameter greater than 10 mm. More than 90% of the patients in their study had severe aortic-valve or mitral-valve regurgitation; however, ...
Ning H - - 2012
In erectile dysfunction (ED) research, monocultures of cavernous endothelial cells (CECs) and smooth muscle cells (CSMCs) have been reported, but a CEC-CSMC coculture system is still lacking. In the present study, we wished to investigate the feasibility of setting up such a system and test whether it can be used ...
Wu Yuangen - - 2012
Aptamer-assembled nanomaterials have captured much attention from the field of analytical chemistry in recent years. Although they have been regarded as a promising tool for heavy metal monitoring, report involving aptamer-based biosensors for arsenic detection are rare. Herein we developed a highly sensitive and selective aptamer biosensor for As(iii) detection ...
Lin Lan - - 2012
Small animal magnetic resonance microscopy (MRM) has been widely used today in computational neuroanatomy. Accurate identification of brain tissue in a mouse MRM is a critical fundamental step in neuroimaging processing, which is given less attention. This study presents an automatic skull-stripping technique based on template models and histogram analysis. ...
Opanasopit Praneet - - 2012
The aim of this study was to prepare, characterize and evaluate electrospun polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and cellulose acetate (CA) nanofibers loaded with capsicum extract (CE) for use in topical skin treatments. CE, 0.5, 1 or 2 wt %, was loaded into PVA and CA electrospun fiber mats. Various properties of ...
Balas A - - 2012
Two novel HLA-B alleles were characterized. HLA-B*37:34 shows two nucleotide differences regarding B*37:10 at codons 79 (CGC>CGG) and 80 (ACC>ATC), resulting in one amino acid replacement at position 80 (T>I). HLA-B*44:152 differs from B*44:02:01 in one nucleotide at codon 81 (GCG>ACG) giving rise to a leucine to threonine substitution at ...
Asmare K - - 2012
SUMMARY Abortion and stillbirth are important reproductive disorders in the dairy industry and are often caused by infectious agents. This study investigated whether bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV), Brucella spp., and Neospora caninum are associated with abortion and/or stillbirth in dairy cattle in Ethiopia. Dairy cattle from 99 farms were ...
Hearst Mary O - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To refine and validate an existing home food inventory (HFI) for low-income Somali- and Spanish-speaking families. DESIGN: Formative assessment was conducted using two focus groups, followed by revisions of the HFI, translation of written materials and instrument validation in participants' homes. SETTING: Twin Cities Metropolitan Area, Minnesota, USA. SUBJECTS: ...
Brown Emery N - - 2012
To the Editor: Boyer (July 12 issue)(1) reports that use of naloxone to treat opioid overdose is logical because it is a direct antagonist of mu opioid receptors. Other strategies for treating opioid-induced respiratory depression and oversedation are now plausible and should be developed as alternatives to single-drug therapy with ...
Usachev Konstantin S - - 2012
The spatial structure of an active fragment of beta-amyloid Aβ(1-40) heptapeptide Aβ(16-22) (Lys-Leu-Val-Phe-Phe-Ala-Glu) in aqueous buffer solution and in complex with sodium dodecyl sulfate micelles as a model membrane system was investigated by (1) H NMR spectroscopy and two-dimensional NMR (TOCSY, HSQC-HECADE (Heteronuclear Couplings from ASSCI-domain experiments with E.COSY-type crosspeaks), ...
Larrea Edurne S - - 2012
The three-dimensional Co(pym)(VO(3))(2), , hybrid compound, where pym is pyrimidine, has been synthesized under mild hydrothermal conditions at 120 °C. The compound has been characterized by FT-IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, thermogravimetric measurements, thermodiffractometry, UV-Vis spectroscopy, temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility and magnetization, and finally a study of specific heat has been performed. ...
Chang Chin Hao - - 2012
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide as well as in Taiwan. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional cytokine and has been implicated in tumor progression. The present study recruited 245 patients with advanced (Stage 3B/4) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that had received chemotherapy, to evaluate associations ...
Levallois Clement - - 2012
The social and neural sciences share a common interest in understanding the mechanisms that underlie human behaviour. However, interactions between neuroscience and social science disciplines remain strikingly narrow and tenuous. We illustrate the scope and challenges for such interactions using the paradigmatic example of neuroeconomics. Using quantitative analyses of both ...
Schmitt Markus - - 2012
Of the 120 known human papillomaviruses (HPV), 51 HPV types infect the genital mucosa. Very little is known about the prevalence and viral load of the majority of these low-risk (Lr-) HPV types in screening populations. We determined the prevalence of 51 HPV types and 3 subtypes in 999 consecutive ...
Pfefferbaum Betty - - 2012
Clinical work and research relative to child mental health during and following disaster are especially challenging due to the complex child maturational processes and family and social contexts of children's lives. The effects of disasters and terrorist events on children and adolescents necessitate diligent and responsible preparation and implementation of ...
Lahiri Basudev - - 2013
Photothermal induced resonance (PTIR) has recently attracted great interest for enabling chemical identification and imaging with nanoscale resolution. In this work, electron beam nanopatterned polymer samples are fabricated directly on 3D zinc selenide prisms and used to experimentally evaluate the PTIR lateral resolution, sensitivity and linearity. It is shown that ...
Moreno Jose María - - 2013
We have developed a method of liquid chromatography in tandem with mass spectrometry to monitor therapeutic levels of imatinib in plasma, a selective inhibitor of protein tyrosine kinase. After solid-phase extraction of plasma samples, imatinib and its internal standard, imatinib-D8, were eluted with Zorbax SB-C18 at 60 °C, under isocratic conditions ...
Cozzolino Mario - - 2012
High phosphate levels are associated with unfavorable outcomes in ESRD. Recent data suggested that phosphate levels within the normal range are equally associated with poor outcomes in the community and CKD stage 3 - 4. Several concept papers support the potential role of phosphate load as a first-line toxin in ...
Riemer Gunnar - - 2013
Little information exists about the long-term outcome of amyoplasia. In this article, a case report of a 93-year old woman is presented including both the development of the physical limitations and coping strategies. The medical records, physical examinations and personal interviews during the last 10 years, autobiographical essays and personal ...
Ghatage Prafull - - 2012
Cervical cancer is the second-most common malignancy in women worldwide. Cisplatin was introduced as a radiosensitizer in 1999 to improve chances of survival. Tumor cell hypoxia, however, remains a major limiting factor in the treatment of solid tumors with chemotherapy and radiation. There has since been significant interest in the ...
Miura Shin-ichiro S Department of Cardiology, Fukuoka University School of Medicine, 7-45-1 Nanakuma, Jonan-ku, Fukuoka, Japan. - - 2013
The angiotensin II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor blocker (ARB) candesartan strongly reduces blood pressure (BP) in patients with hypertension and has been shown to have cardioprotective effects. A new ARB, azilsartan, was recently approved and has been shown to provide a more potent 24-h sustained antihypertensive effect than candesartan. However, ...
Ghosh Mimi M Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA. - - 2013
Studies on HIV acquisition and transmission in women exposed to sexual trauma throughout their life cycle are lacking, but some findings suggest that rates of HIV acquisition through coercive sex are significantly higher than that seen in consensual sex. Sexual trauma can also occur as a result of female genital ...
- - 2012
There is debate about the value of assessing levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and other biomarkers of inflammation for the prediction of first cardiovascular events. We analyzed data from 52 prospective studies that included 246,669 participants without a history of cardiovascular disease to investigate the value of adding CRP or ...
Soukup J W JW Department of Surgical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2015 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706, - - 2013
Although not previously reported, experience suggests that dentoalveolar injury is -common among patients with maxillofacial fractures. The objective of this study was to evaluate and describe the prevalence and nature of dentoalveolar injuries in patients identified with maxillofacial fractures. Medical records of 43 dogs and cats diagnosed with maxillofacial fractures ...
Rahman Momotazur M Center for Gerontology & Health Care Research, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA. - - 2013
To examine the effect of reductions in hospital-based (HB) skilled nursing facility (SNF) bed supply on the rate of rehospitalization of patients discharged to any SNF from zip codes that lost HB beds. We used Medicare enrollment records, Medicare hospital and SNF claims, and nursing home Minimum Dataset assessments and ...
De Freitas Jilian N JN Chemistry Institute, University of Campinas, Campinas, P.O Box 6154, 13083970, - - 2012
CdSe(ZnS) core(shell) aerogels were prepared from the assembly of quantum dots into mesoporous colloidal networks. The sol-gel method produces inorganic particle interfaces with low resistance to electrical transport while maintaining quantum-confinement. The photoelectrochemical properties of aerogels and their composites with poly(3-hexylthiophene) are reported for the first time.
Harper Felicity W K FW Karmanos Cancer Institute Population Studies and Disparities Research Program, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. - - 2013
Pain/distress during pediatric cancer treatments has substantial psychosocial consequences for children and families. We examined relationships between parents' caregiving self-efficacy, parents' affect in response to their children's cancer-related treatment procedures, and parents' symptoms of post-traumatic stress at follow-up. Participants were 75 pediatric cancer patients and parents. On the day of ...
Rosebraugh Matthew R MR College of Pharmacy and College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, - - 2013
Very preterm infants commonly develop anemia requiring multiple red blood cell transfusions (RBCTx). This is in part attributable to heavy laboratory phlebotomy loss. Quantification of the extent to which laboratory blood loss contributes to anemia sufficient to prompt RBCTx has not been examined. Twenty-six preterm infants weighing less than 1500 ...
Ruiz-Narváez Edward A EA Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA. - - 2013
Genome-wide association studies have identified a multitude of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with a wide spectrum of human phenotypic traits. However, the SNPs identified so far do not explain much of the expected genetic variation and they are poor predictors of the occurrence of disease. I recently advanced the hypothesis ...
Tian Zhixin - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Post-translational modifications (PTMs) of core histones work synergistically to fine tune chromatin structure and function, generating a so-called histone code that can be interpreted by a variety of chromatin interacting proteins. We report a novel online two-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (2D LC-MS/MS) platform for high-throughput and sensitive characterization ...
Goy Jennifer - - 2012
Anticoagulant therapy reduces deaths and disability in patients with or at risk of both arterial and venous thromboembolism. Highly effective antithrombotic therapies now exist that reduce the risk of both arterial thrombosis and venous thrombosis. Anticoagulant strategies include platelet inhibition, using a variety of potent platelet inhibitors, and antithrombotic therapy, ...
Vitale Felice V - - 2012
BackgroundMitomycin and irinotecan are widely used in the treatment of colorectal cancer, furthermore both of these drugs are active agents against nonsmall cell lung cancer and their combination has shown synergism in preclinical studies. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of mitomycin- and irinotecan-based ...
Hamilton Leslie - - 2012
Increasing sub-specialization in the less-common conditions is leading to better outcomes for patients. Yet the way we provide the service has not changed. Is it time to consider doing things differently? Do we need to reconfigure service provision both within and between units?
Chassoux Francine - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine optimal resections in the 3 dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNT) histologic subtypes (simple, complex, and nonspecific) based on MRI features. METHODS: In 78 consecutive epilepsy patients operated for DNT, MRI features were classified as follows: type 1 (cystic/polycystic-like, well-delineated, strongly hypointense T1), type 2 (nodular-like, heterogeneous), or type ...
Tawfik Hatem A - - 2012
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors of the orbit are uncommon lesions with unique histopathological features and uncertain pathogenesis. The authors report a case of an 8-month-old male infant who presented with approximately a 5-week history of left upper eyelid painless swelling that progressively grew in size. The patient underwent surgical debulking of ...
Sibaja Andrea M A - - 2012
In this article, morphology of progesterone polymorphs prepared by polymer-induced heteronucleation (PIHn) technique was studied. Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose(HPMC), such as dextran T-500 and gelatin G-9382, polyisoprene (PI), and acrylonitrile/butadiene copolymer (NBR) were used as substrates. The crystallizations were performed by solvent evaporation at room temperature from 0.5, 10, and 40 mg/ml ...
Pedersen Birgith - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer experience side effects related to their antineoplastic treatment. Demands for efficiency limit the time patients spend with health professionals. This requires that professionals are able to offer adequate support to patients in coping with side effects of treatment in everyday life. However, it appears that the ...
Dai Shuan - - 2012
This study sought to characterize the optic disc morphology, particularly the cup-to-disc ratio of the optic nerve head in children with idiopathic intracranial hypertension. The medical charts and digital optic disc photos of children with confirmed diagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension were reviewed retrospectively. The optic disc area, cup area, ...
Sawhney Raja - - 2012
ObjectiveTo review our experience with late Marx stage III osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the mandible in patients who present with pathologic fracture.Study DesignCase series with chart review.SettingTertiary care center.Subjects and MethodsThirty-seven patients were identified from June 1998 to August 2010 who underwent treatment of Marx grade III osteoradionecrosis with pathologic fracture ...
Ceccato Filippo - - 2012
CONTEXT: Appropriate glucocorticoid replacement therapy in adrenal insufficiency (AI) is crucial, given to the risks of chronic under- or over treatment, particularly in patients on multiple medications. Salivary sampling allows non-invasive, stress-free cortisol measurement. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether salivary cortisol measurement is helpful in assessing the adequacy of glucocorticoid therapy ...
Takasaki K - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Biofilm formation occurs through the events of cooperative growth and competitive survival among multiple species. Porphyromonas gingivalis and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans are important periodontal pathogens. The aim of this study was to demonstrate competitive or cooperative interactions between these two species in co-cultured biofilm. MATERIAL AND METHODS: P. gingivalis ...
Gharanei Seley - - 2012
Wolfram syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterised by neurodegeneration and diabetes mellitus. The gene responsible for the syndrome (WFS1) encodes an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) resident transmembrane protein that also localises to secretory granules in pancreatic beta cells. Although its precise functions are unknown, WFS1 protein deficiency affects the unfolded ...
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