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Results 201 - 250 of 1352
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Chen Yang - - 2012
The present study attempted to test the postulate that sounds of a foreign language that are familiar can be produced with less accuracy than sounds that are new to second language (L2) learners. The first two formant frequencies (F1 and F2) were obtained from the 11 English monophthong vowels produced ...
Yanagisawa Michiro - - 2012
Abstract Background and purpose. Giant cell tumor of bone (GCT) is sometimes difficult to distinguish from other giant-cell-rich tumors such as chondroblastoma (CHB) and aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC). The usefulness of p63 as a diagnostic marker for GCT is controversial. While there have been no reports about p63 as a ...
Ileri Nazar - - 2012
Molecular transport properties in short cylindrical and pyramidal nanopores are investigated by mesoscale dissipative particle dynamics simulations. We examine the effect of pore geometry, size, flow direction, particle diameter and electrostatic forces on membrane flux, selectivity and fouling. Biomolecules of various sizes are represented by spherical particles as they move ...
Mathew Thomas - - 2012
Mesoporous ferrihydrite nanoparticles with incorporated Mn (MMnFh) were prepared for the first time, and MMnFh exhibits excellent performance in removing organic contaminants (CH(3)CHO and toluene) in air. The interesting physico-chemical properties and remarkable activity of MMnFh give great commercial potential in air purification application in diverse sectors.
Goghari V M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hallucinations are a major aspect of psychosis and a diagnostic feature of both psychotic and mood disorders. However, the field lacks information regarding the long-term course of hallucinations in these disorders. Our goals were to determine the percentage of patients with hallucinations and the relationship between hallucinations and recovery, ...
Liu Ruchuan - - 2012
Cadherins, a large family of calcium-dependent adhesion molecules, are critical for intercellular adhesion. While crystallographic structures for several cadherins show clear structural similarities, their relevant adhesive strengths vary and their mechanisms of adhesion between types I and II cadherin subfamilies are still unclear. Here, stretching of cadherins was explored experimentally ...
Matsumoto Fukashi - - 2012
A series of arylated dihydrofullerene derivatives were synthesized to elucidate the effective design of fullerene derivatives for enhancing the performance of organic photovoltaics. The LUMO energy of the fullerenes was estimated by the first reduction potential and theoretical calculation. The results showed that the methoxy groups substituted at spatial proximity ...
Shaikh Wasim - - 2012
In present investigation attempt was made to develop and statistically optimize osmotically active capsule tailor made from the concept of bilayer (push-pull) osmotic tablet technology. The capsule was comprised of active (drug) and push (osmogen) layer. Active layer was compressed in form of tablet by mixing known amount of drug ...
Khan Fayaz - - 2012
A total of 200 indoor air samples were collected to measure radon concentration levels and its contribution to the mean effective doses during different seasons of the period 2009-2010 at different sites of the five districts of Hazara division, Pakistan. The major portion of the region is mountainous and is ...
Nielsen Lisbeth Munksgaard - - 2012
Absorbance spectroscopy is used extensively to tell when two DNA single strands come together and form a double strand. Here we show that circular dichroism in the vacuum ultraviolet region provides an even stronger indication for duplex formation in the case of short strands of adenine and thymine (4 to ...
Sandberg Maria Ec - - 2012
We aimed to investigate if characteristics of contralateral breast cancer (CBC) are influenced by adjuvant radiotherapy for the first breast cancer. Using information from population-based registers and medical records we analyzed two cohorts comprising all women with CBC diagnosed >3 months after their first cancer (809 patients in Stockholm 1976-2005 ...
Lane Ian C - - 2012
Large parts of the periodic table cannot be cooled by current laser-based methods. We investigate whether zero energy fragmentation of laser cooled fluorides is a potential source of ultracold fluorine atoms. We report new ab initio calculations on the lowest electronic states of the BeF diatomic molecule including spin-orbit coupling, ...
Picetti Edoardo - - 2012
To the Editor: Boyer (July 12 issue)(1) reports that use of naloxone to treat opioid overdose is logical because it is a direct antagonist of mu opioid receptors. Other strategies for treating opioid-induced respiratory depression and oversedation are now plausible and should be developed as alternatives to single-drug therapy with ...
de Francisco Lizziane M B - - 2012
Purpose: To develop and characterize microparticles containing fluoride sources (FS) from sodium fluoride, sodium monofluorophosphate (MFP) or aminofluoride and evaluate their characteristics as fluoride delivery systems. Methods: Ethylcellulose microparticles containing fluoride (EM) were prepared by emulsification of ethyl acetate dispersion containing polymer and FS (ethylcellulose:FS ratio of 1:0.25 wt/wt) with ...
Sharma Ujjawal - - 2012
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common renal tumour in adults. Altered levels of secondary messengers, that is, intracellular calcium and cyclic AMP (cAMP), have been implicated in the pathogenesis of various malignancies. In the present study, we measured levels of intracellular calcium and cAMP in RCC. The intracellular ...
Paes-De-Oliveira Vagner Tadeu - - 2012
The fat body (FB) consists of two types of cells: throphocytes and oenocytes. Throphocytes are related to intermediary metabolism storing lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins while oenocytes play role in the lipids and lipoproteins production. The vitellogenin is the precursor of egg yolk (vitelline) and is synthesized on FB. The aim ...
Sheridan Nicolette F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Primary health care does not adequately respond to populations known to have high needs such as those with compounding jeopardy from chronic conditions, poverty, minority status and age; as such populations report powerlessness. OBJECTIVE: To explore what poor older adults with chronic conditions who mostly belong to ethnic minority ...
Ireland Andrea M - - 2012
Objectives. Test-retest reliability of an asthma paper diary versus an electronic diary (e-diary) with an integrated peak flow meter was investigated. The equivalence of the two modes was also evaluated. Methods. Prospective, randomized crossover study design in adolescents (12-17 years) and adults (≥18 years). Key inclusion criteria were persistent asthma, ...
Copeland Emily - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Our objective was to identify the molecular genetic basis of an Alagille-like condition not linked to JAG1 or NOTCH2 in two related sibships. METHODS: Because of common ancestry, and an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance, it was hypothesized that all affected and no unaffected individuals would be ...
Lokaewmanee K - - 2012
To evaluate the effect of three kinds of red pepper supplementation 'Kagawa Hontaka' produced at Shiwaku Islands (KHS), Miki (KHM) and Takanotsume (TKT) on production performance, egg quality and intestinal histology in laying hens. A total of 32 laying hens (39 weeks of age) were randomly allotted to four groups, each ...
Vayá Ignacio - - 2012
DNA double-stranded oligomers are studied by steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy from the femtosecond to the nanosecond time-scale, following excitation at 267 nm. It is shown that emission arises from three types of excited states. (i) Bright ππ* states emitting around 330 nm and decaying on the sub-picosecond time-scale with ...
Ouyang Xuchang - - 2012
Covalent linkage formation is a very important mechanism for many covalent drugs to work. However, partly due to the limitations of proper computational tools for covalent docking, most covalent drugs are not discovered systematically. In this article, we present a new covalent docking package, the CovalentDock, built on the top ...
Chevalier Katharina - - 2012
Femtosecond polarization resolved UV/Vis and mid-infrared spectroscopy was used to thoroughly identify and characterize the relevant elementary chemical and physical processes in the photocycle of 3-hydroxyflavone (3-HF) in solution. In one set of experiments with the polar aprotic solvent acetonitrile-d(3), for the first time excited state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT), ...
Patera Jan - - 2012
The work was aimed at the evaluation of a cleanliness of pharmaceutical equipments after the end of the production and subsequent cleaning process. The influence of a dirty-hold time, a time interval between the end of the production period and the beginning of the cleaning process on its efficiency and ...
Mackenzie Alex - - 2012
To the Editor: Although the efficacy of serine-threonine protein kinase (BRAF) inhibitors has been shown in patients with advanced melanoma who have the V600E BRAF mutation,(1),(2) data on the population with the V600K BRAF mutation are more limited and less encouraging. A phase 2 trial of vemurafenib showed a partial ...
Sanker C - - 2012
In the present study, the relationship between the temperature-humidity index (THI) and the incidence of medical treatments in lactating dairy cows in Lower Saxony, Germany, was investigated. Records of all veterinary-treated cases over 2 years (2003 and 2005) from eight Holstein-Friesian dairy herds raised in loose-housing systems (55 to 170 ...
Ott Susan M - - 2012
To the Editor: In a recent pooled analysis of vitamin D dose requirements for fracture prevention, Bischoff-Ferrari and colleagues (July 5 issue)(1) reanalyzed data from clinical trials by taking into account vitamin D supplementation taken by participants in addition to the study medication. This reanalysis provides a more accurate estimation ...
Rapaport Sivan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Shared decision making (SDM) encourages the patient to play a more active role in the process of medical consultation and its primary objective is to find the best treatment for a specific patient. Recent findings, however, show that patient preferences cannot be easily or accurately judged on the basis ...
Bologna Matteo - - 2012
Paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is used to measure the excitability of interhemispheric inhibition (IHI) between the hand areas of the two motor cortices. It varies from person to person, and is highly predictive of individual differences in callosal anatomy (fractional anisotropy) and even motor behaviour, e.g. the amount of ...
Protudjer Jennifer - - 2012
Objective. Low physical activity and high sedentary behavior are associated with adverse health outcomes, including asthma. The purposes were to ( 1 ) determine if low physical activity and/or high screen time increase the risk of asthma and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in youth and ( 2 ) determine if weight ...
Hartfelder Urs - - 2012
Efficient catalysts are of extraordinary importance for the development of efficient chemical processes as well as applications such as energy storage. Rational development of catalysts requires a mechanistic understanding of the catalytic reaction. Since steady-state investigations are insufficient to gain mechanistic understanding, transient methods such as SSITKA and frequency response ...
Beer Beate - - 2012
Among numerous available genotyping techniques, mass spectrometry (MS) based methods play a major role in providing high quality genotype data at reasonable costs for research and diagnostics, e.g. for pharmacogenetic applications. Ion-pair reversed-phase liquid chromatography hyphenated to electrospray ionization time-of-flight MS (ICEMS) is, for example, a powerful instrument that allows ...
Held Leonhard - - 2012
Infectious disease data from surveillance systems are typically available as multivariate times series of disease counts in specific administrative geographical regions. Such databases are useful resources to infer temporal and spatiotemporal transmission parameters to better understand and predict disease spread. However, seasonal variation in disease notification is a common feature ...
Steinemann Daniel C - - 2012
Abstract Introduction: We report our experience and learning curve in single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SPLC) using an internal anchored retraction system. Methods: Usefulness of the retraction system was analysed in 18 SPLC. The first eight, the following ten SPLC and 20 consecutive four-port laparoscopic cholecystectomies (4PLC) were compared. Duration of operation, ...
Tsurusaki Yoshinori - - 2012
Joubert syndrome (JS) and related disorders (JSRD) are autosomal recessive and X-linked disorders characterized by hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis with a characteristic 'molar tooth sign' on brain imaging and accompanying neurological symptoms including episodic hyperpnoea, abnormal eye movements, ataxia and intellectual disability. JSRD are clinically and genetically heterogeneous, and, ...
Boote Jonathan - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To characterise the literature on public involvement in health research published between 1995 and 2009. METHODS: Papers were identified from three systematic reviews, one narrative review and two bibliographies. The analysis identified journals where papers were published; countries of lead authors; types of public involved; health topic areas; and ...
Tsai Meng-Yu - - 2012
Chemical vapor deposition polymerization was used to deposit a novel maleimide-functionalized poly-p-xylylene coating on various substrates. The coated substrates are readily able to undergo thiol-maleimide click reaction under mild conditions. Applications using this coating technology are highlighted in low-protein-fouling modification as well as manipulated attachments and growth of bovine arterial ...
Blanquart François - - 2012
Time-shift experiments provide measures of the mean fitness of a population in environments of different points in time. Here, we show how to use this type of data to decompose mean fitness into (1) the effect of the environment in which the population is transplanted, (2) the effect of the ...
Wootton David M - - 2012
Systemic delivery of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) to dissolve a thrombus after a heart attack or stroke is accompanied by the risk of hemorrhage. A recent study shows the use of nanoaggregates to target t-PA to the thrombus in mouse models of mesenteric injury and pulmonary embolism.
Byeon Jeong Hoon - - 2012
Herein we report the development of anisotropic bimetallic nanoparticles where aerosol gold nanoparticles served as the seeds for the continuous deposition of silver atoms on their surfaces. Initially, aerosol gold nanoparticles were formed by spark discharge and then injected into a silver precursor solution in an impinging device. The gold ...
Toldi Gergely - - 2012
Objective: Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a biomarker of systemic inflammation. We aimed to characterize plasma suPAR levels in SLE patients. Methods: We measured plasma suPAR, C reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) in 89 SLE patients and 29 healthy controls. Results: suPAR and ESR values ...
Kavalakis Ioannis - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the routine midsagittal view of the posterior brain at the 11-13 weeks' ultrasound examination, for predicting open neural tube defects. METHODS: Posterior brain was examined midsagittally for normality of the four-line view (upper and lower border of the brain stem, the choroid plexus of the fourth ventricle and ...
Wang Linlin - - 2012
Various CuO nanostructures have been well studied as anode materials for lithium ion batteries (LIBs); however, there are few reports on the synthesis of porous CuO nanostructures used for anode materials, especially one-dimensional (1D) porous CuO. In this work, novel 1D highly porous CuO nanorods with tunable porous size were ...
Hesse Deike - - 2012
Lipid droplets carrying triglycerides and cholesteryl esters are emerging as dynamic cellular organelles that are generated in nearly every cell. They play a key role in lipid and membrane homeostasis. Abnormal lipid droplet dynamics are associated with the pathophysiology of many metabolic diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, atherosclerosis, fatty liver, ...
Craig Eva - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: A variety of methods are available for defining undernutrition (thinness/underweight/under-fat) and overnutrition (overweight/obesity/over-fat). The extent to which these definitions agree is unclear. The present cross-sectional study aimed to assess agreement between widely used methods of assessing nutritional status in children and adolescents, and to examine the benefit of body ...
Zhou Weijia - - 2012
MoS(2) nanosheet-coated TiO(2) nanobelt heterostructures-referred to as TiO(2) @MoS(2) -with a 3D hierarchical configuration are prepared via a hydrothermal reaction. The TiO(2) nanobelts used as a synthetic template inhibit the growth of MoS(2) crystals along the c-axis, resulting in a few-layer MoS(2) nanosheet coating on the TiO(2) nanobelts. The as-prepared ...
Okura Hiroyuki - - 2012
To the Editor: Kang et al. (June 28 issue)(1) report significantly better outcomes with early surgery than with conventional treatment in patients with infective endocarditis and vegetations with a diameter greater than 10 mm. More than 90% of the patients in their study had severe aortic-valve or mitral-valve regurgitation; however, ...
Markus-Bustani Keren - - 2012
We report on a case of a female fetus found to be mosaic for Turner syndrome (45,X) and trisomy X (47,XXX). Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) failed to detect the aneuploidy because of a normal average dosage of the X chromosome. This case represents an unusual instance in which CMA may ...
Urakami Hiromitsu - - 2012
Surfaces of HTC-derived carbons were functionalized using dienophiles such as maleimide (MI), tetracyanoethylene (TCNE), and 4,5-dicyano-1,3-dithiol-2-one (DCDTO). DCDTO-functionalized carbons were then hydrolyzed to yield thiol-functionalized carbons, which were used to perform conjugate addition on the carbon surface.
Uleberg Eivind - - 2012
After pollination outdoors individual bilberry plants from two Northern and two Southern clones were studied for climatic effects on berry yield and quality in a controlled phytotrone experiment at 12 °C and 18 °C. At each temperature the following light treatments were tested; 1) 12 h natural light; 2) 24 ...
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