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Results 201 - 250 of 1352
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Dusankova Jana Blahova - - 2012
The available instruments for cognitive assessment in multiple sclerosis (MS) require considerable time and resources, and are not readily available in all countries. The study aimed to examine validity of the Czech translation of the Minimal Assessment of Cognitive Function in MS (MACFIMS), to validate the Brief International Cognitive Assessment ...
Kwon Oh Seok - - 2012
Herein, 3D nanohybrid architectures consisting of MnO(x) nanocrystals, carbon nanofibers (CNFs), and graphene sheets are fabricated. MnO(x) -decorated CNFs (MCNFs) with diameters of about 50 nm are readily obtained via single-nozzle co-electrospinning, followed by heat treatment. The MCNFs are then intercalated between graphene sheets, yielding the ternary nanohybrid MCNF/reduced graphene ...
Kuepper K - - 2012
The colossal magnetoresistance manganites La(0.87±0.02)Sr(0.12±0.02)MnO(3+δ), La(0.78±0.02)Sr(0.17±0.02)MnO(3+δ), and La(0.66±0.02)Sr(0.36±0.02)MnO(3+δ) (δ close to 0) were investigated by using soft x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) and magnetometry. Very good agreement between the values for the average Mn magnetic moments determined with these two methods was achieved by correcting the XMCD spin sum rule ...
Ghatage Prafull - - 2012
Cervical cancer is the second-most common malignancy in women worldwide. Cisplatin was introduced as a radiosensitizer in 1999 to improve chances of survival. Tumor cell hypoxia, however, remains a major limiting factor in the treatment of solid tumors with chemotherapy and radiation. There has since been significant interest in the ...
Tsui Martin Tsz Ki - - 2012
Nearly all ecosystems are contaminated with highly toxic methylmercury (MeHg), but the specific sources and pathways leading to the uptake of MeHg within and among food webs are not well understood. In this study, we report stable mercury (Hg) isotope compositions in food webs in a river and an adjacent ...
Oudshoorn Abe - - 2012
OUDSHOORN A, WARD-GRIFFIN C, FORCHUK C, BERMAN H and POLAND B. Nursing Inquiry 2012 [Epub ahead of Print] Client-provider relationships in a community health clinic for people who are experiencing homelessness Recognizing the importance of health-promoting relationships in engaging people who are experiencing homelessness in care, most research on health ...
Wong Vincent Wai-Sun - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a common liver disease that may progress to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. There is currently no approved pharmacological treatment for NASH. Phyllanthus urinaria is a commonly used hepatoprotective herb that ameliorates NASH in animal studies. We aimed to test the hypothesis that Phyllanthus ...
Puchta Ralph - - 2012
The enantiomerization mechanism of the trigonal-prismatic [Zn(py)(3)(tach)](2+) complex and several derivatives has been studied by applying DFT calculations (B3LYP/LANL2DZp). The enantiomerization pathways of [Zn(py(3)tach-X)](2+) (X = C, Si, Ge, N, P, As, O, S and Se) start from a distorted trigonal-prismatic C(3) symmetric ground state via an ideal trigonal-prismatic C(3v) ...
Monteiro Luís S - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the trends and patterns of lip, oral and oro-pharyngeal cancer incidence in Portugal between 1998 and 2007. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data on lip, oral and oro-pharyngeal cancers was collected from the databases maintained at the three main Regional Cancer Registries of Portugal (1998-2007). The data were analysed ...
Kim Boseong - - 2012
A series of NH(3) temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) spectra were taken after dosing NH(3) at 70 K on rutile TiO(2)(110)-1 × 1 surfaces with oxygen vacancy (V(O)) concentrations of ∼0% (p-TiO(2)) and 5% (r-TiO(2)), respectively, to study the effect of V(O)s on the desorption energy of NH(3) as a function of ...
Laplante François - - 2012
Depletion of cholinergic interneurons in the ventral striatum (nucleus accumbens or N.Acc.) in adult rats increases the locomotor activating effects of amphetamine. It also impairs sensorimotor gating processes, an effect reversed by the antipsychotic haloperidol. These behavioural effects are suggestive of pronounced hyper-responsiveness of the mesolimbic dopamine (DA) projection to ...
Bonini M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Allergic sensitization and diseases have been reported to have a very high and increasing prevalence in elite athletes. Over 80% of allergic athletes are poly-sensitized. OBJECTIVE: This study aims at evaluating the potential diagnostic added value of a microarray technology (ImmunoCAP ISAC, Phadia AB [at present Thermo Fisher Scientific] ...
Redel Engelbert - - 2012
A simple, green, robust, widely applicable, multi-gram and cost-effective 'one-pot' synthesis of aqueous dispersions of colloidally stable 3-6 nm TCO NPs using bare metal powder precursors is described, and their utilization for making TCO high surface area nanoporous films is also demonstrated, which speaks well for their usage in a ...
- - 2012
To the Editor: Although the efficacy of serine-threonine protein kinase (BRAF) inhibitors has been shown in patients with advanced melanoma who have the V600E BRAF mutation,(1),(2) data on the population with the V600K BRAF mutation are more limited and less encouraging. A phase 2 trial of vemurafenib showed a partial ...
Byeon Jeong-Sik - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Performance of double balloon enteroscopy (DBE) on older patients with comorbidities is a matter of safety. We aimed to investigate the utility and safety of DBE in older patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients 75 years or older who underwent DBE in our ...
Kim Se Hye - - 2012
The self-assembly of small molecules provides a potentially powerful method to create functional nanomaterials for many applications ranging from optoelectronics to oncology. However, the design of well-defined nanostructures via molecular assembly is a highly empirical process, which severely hampers efforts to create functional nanostructures using this method. In this review, ...
Bräutigam Maximilian - - 2012
Resonance Raman microspectroscopy is used to investigate dye-sensitized NiO(x) nanoparticle films to be used as photocathodes in tandem dye-sensitized solar cells. It is shown that rR microspectroscopy has potential for applications in quality assurance in such systems and also in integrated dye-sensitized solar cell modules. Here, ruthenium dye-sensitized NiO(x) nanoparticle ...
Cozzolino Mario - - 2012
High phosphate levels are associated with unfavorable outcomes in ESRD. Recent data suggested that phosphate levels within the normal range are equally associated with poor outcomes in the community and CKD stage 3 - 4. Several concept papers support the potential role of phosphate load as a first-line toxin in ...
Kløverpris Søren - - 2012
The plasma concentration of placentally derived proform of eosinophil major basic protein (proMBP) increases in pregnancy, and three different complexes containing proMBP have been isolated from pregnancy plasma and serum: A 2:2 complex with the metalloproteinase, pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), a 2:2 complex with angiotensinogen (AGT), and a 2:2:2 complex ...
Borgmann Silvia H M - - 2012
The present study reports the solid-state properties of Fluvastatin sodium salt crystallized from different solvents for comparison with crystalline forms of the commercially available raw material and United States Pharmacopeia (USP) reference standard. Fluvastatin (FLV) samples were characterized by several techniques; such as X-ray powder diffractometry, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetry, ...
Kim Sungwoo - - 2012
PbS colloidal quantum dot (CQD)-sensitized inorganic-organic heterojunction solar cells fabricated by using the PbS CQDs co-capped by the oleic acid (OA) and 1-dodecanethiol (DT) ligand showed better device stability with aging time under ambient conditions without encapsulation. Furthermore, the device performance is better than the cell fabricated from PbS CQDs ...
Picetti Edoardo - - 2012
To the Editor: Boyer (July 12 issue)(1) reports that use of naloxone to treat opioid overdose is logical because it is a direct antagonist of mu opioid receptors. Other strategies for treating opioid-induced respiratory depression and oversedation are now plausible and should be developed as alternatives to single-drug therapy with ...
de Francisco Lizziane M B - - 2012
Purpose: To develop and characterize microparticles containing fluoride sources (FS) from sodium fluoride, sodium monofluorophosphate (MFP) or aminofluoride and evaluate their characteristics as fluoride delivery systems. Methods: Ethylcellulose microparticles containing fluoride (EM) were prepared by emulsification of ethyl acetate dispersion containing polymer and FS (ethylcellulose:FS ratio of 1:0.25 wt/wt) with ...
Sharma Ujjawal - - 2012
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common renal tumour in adults. Altered levels of secondary messengers, that is, intracellular calcium and cyclic AMP (cAMP), have been implicated in the pathogenesis of various malignancies. In the present study, we measured levels of intracellular calcium and cAMP in RCC. The intracellular ...
Paes-De-Oliveira Vagner Tadeu - - 2012
The fat body (FB) consists of two types of cells: throphocytes and oenocytes. Throphocytes are related to intermediary metabolism storing lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins while oenocytes play role in the lipids and lipoproteins production. The vitellogenin is the precursor of egg yolk (vitelline) and is synthesized on FB. The aim ...
Sheridan Nicolette F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Primary health care does not adequately respond to populations known to have high needs such as those with compounding jeopardy from chronic conditions, poverty, minority status and age; as such populations report powerlessness. OBJECTIVE: To explore what poor older adults with chronic conditions who mostly belong to ethnic minority ...
Ireland Andrea M - - 2012
Objectives. Test-retest reliability of an asthma paper diary versus an electronic diary (e-diary) with an integrated peak flow meter was investigated. The equivalence of the two modes was also evaluated. Methods. Prospective, randomized crossover study design in adolescents (12-17 years) and adults (≥18 years). Key inclusion criteria were persistent asthma, ...
Copeland Emily - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Our objective was to identify the molecular genetic basis of an Alagille-like condition not linked to JAG1 or NOTCH2 in two related sibships. METHODS: Because of common ancestry, and an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance, it was hypothesized that all affected and no unaffected individuals would be ...
Lokaewmanee K - - 2012
To evaluate the effect of three kinds of red pepper supplementation 'Kagawa Hontaka' produced at Shiwaku Islands (KHS), Miki (KHM) and Takanotsume (TKT) on production performance, egg quality and intestinal histology in laying hens. A total of 32 laying hens (39 weeks of age) were randomly allotted to four groups, each ...
Vayá Ignacio - - 2012
DNA double-stranded oligomers are studied by steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy from the femtosecond to the nanosecond time-scale, following excitation at 267 nm. It is shown that emission arises from three types of excited states. (i) Bright ππ* states emitting around 330 nm and decaying on the sub-picosecond time-scale with ...
Mastrobuoni Stefano - - 2012
To the Editor: Kang et al. (June 28 issue)(1) report significantly better outcomes with early surgery than with conventional treatment in patients with infective endocarditis and vegetations with a diameter greater than 10 mm. More than 90% of the patients in their study had severe aortic-valve or mitral-valve regurgitation; however, ...
Kaiser J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the cause of selected canine urolith formation using less conventional but more advanced analytical methods. METHODS: A routine laboratory specialising in urinary calculi analysis noticed a special type of core zone in some canine uroliths, which was typically made up of ...
Pop-Trajković Sonja - - 2012
Abstract Unexpected rapid maternal death after delivery due to HELLP syndrome is rarely encountered and may become the subject of forensic expertise. Unexpectedness, suddenness, and fulminant course of this syndrome as well as absence of classical signs of pre-eclampsia can confuse physicians and lead to diagnostic delay. A definitive post-mortem ...
Lee Chern-Horng - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma (CHC) is a rare liver malignancy. In this study, we compared patient characteristics and outcomes for primary CHC, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC), and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Medical records of patients with tissue-proven CHC (65 cases) treated at the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital between 1991 and ...
Hajer Jaromír - - 2012
Scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy were used to study the silk spinning apparatus and silks of Harpactea rubicunda spiders. Three types of silk secretions that are produced by three kinds of silk spinning glands (ampullate, piriform, and pseudaciniform) and released through three types of spigots, were confirmed for ...
Soukup J W JW Department of Surgical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2015 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706, - - 2013
Although not previously reported, experience suggests that dentoalveolar injury is -common among patients with maxillofacial fractures. The objective of this study was to evaluate and describe the prevalence and nature of dentoalveolar injuries in patients identified with maxillofacial fractures. Medical records of 43 dogs and cats diagnosed with maxillofacial fractures ...
Bae Hyo Sook - - 2012
Objective. To analyze factors associated with endocervical cone margin involvement and suggest appropriate cone depth in the conization procedure. Design. Retrospective cohort study. Setting. Gynecological oncology center. Population. 1 220 women undergoing conization for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) II, III or stage IA1 microinvasive cervical carcinoma. Methods. The following factors ...
Petrônio Maicon Segalla - - 2012
The emission of ultraweak light from cells is a phenomenon associated with the oxidation of biomolecules by reactive oxygen species. The indole moiety present in tryptophan, serotonin and melatonin is frequently associated with the emission of light during the oxidation of these metabolites. This study presents results for hypobromous acid ...
Rosebraugh Matthew R MR College of Pharmacy and College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, - - 2013
Very preterm infants commonly develop anemia requiring multiple red blood cell transfusions (RBCTx). This is in part attributable to heavy laboratory phlebotomy loss. Quantification of the extent to which laboratory blood loss contributes to anemia sufficient to prompt RBCTx has not been examined. Twenty-six preterm infants weighing less than 1500 ...
Philpott Hamish - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Alternative and complementary medical practitioners have long advocated alternative treatments for irritable bowel syndrome. A more recent development has been the use of alternative investigations by these practitioners and, in the era of internet advertising, directly by patients themselves. AIM: To examine the alternative investigations that are advocated for ...
Dank G - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: A follow-up, retrospective study to determine whether the proportion of discrepancies between clinical and pathological diagnoses made during 2009, 1999 and 1989 and the proportion of dogs necropsied have changed. METHODS: Medical records of 148 hospitalised dogs that died or were euthanased in a veterinary medical teaching hospital during ...
Sullivan David J - - 2012
The first metal coordination complex of a radical ligand based on the 1,2,3-dithiazolyl heterocycle is reported. 6,7-Dimethyl-1,4-dioxo-naphtho[2,3-d][1,2,3]dithiazolyl acts as a bridging ligand in the volatile trinuclear Mn(hfac)(2)-Rad-Mn(hfac)(2)-Rad-Mn(hfac)(2) complex (hfac = 1,1,1,5,5,5-hexafluoroacetylacetonato-). The Mn(ii) and radical ligand spins are coupled anti-ferromagnetically (AF) resulting in an S(T) = 13/2 spin ground state.
Choi Woo Seok - - 2012
Atomic layer engineering enables fabrication of a chemically sharp oxide heterointerface. The interface formation and strain evolution during the initial growth of LaAlO(3) /SrTiO(3) heterostructures by pulsed laser deposition are investigated in search of a means for controlling the atomic-sharpness of the interface. This study shows that inserting a monolayer ...
Shahin Yousef - - 2012
To assess the reliability and reproducibility of the Vicorder's carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) measurements in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and to compare between cfPWV measurements obtained using the Vicorder with those obtained using the SphygmoCor device as a reference. Some 30 patients with PAD (23 men, mean ...
Gokhale Rohan - - 2012
A laser photochemical process is introduced to realize superhydrophobic conducting carbon coatings with broccoli-type hierarchical morphology for use as a metal-free counter electrode in a dye sensitized solar cell. The process involves pulsed excimer laser irradiation of a thin layer of liquid haloaromatic organic solvent o-dichlorobenzene (DCB). The coating reflects ...
Taira Rikizo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Nucleic acid amplification testing (NAT) for hepatitis B virus (HBV) during blood screening has helped to prevent transfusion-transmitted HBV infection (TT-HBV) in Japan. Nevertheless, 4 to 13 TT-HBV infections arise annually. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The Japanese Red Cross (JRC) analyzed repository samples of donated blood for TT-HBV that ...
Galán Elena - - 2012
The formal [2 + 2] cycloaddition-cycloreversion (CA-CR) between 4-ethynyl-N,N-dimethylaniline and polyenic Donor-π-Acceptor (D-π-A) systems takes place to yield compounds bearing two donors and one acceptor. Structural, linear and second-order nonlinear optical (NLO) properties of the new molecules reveal the stronger polarization of these systems when compared to analogous merocyanines lacking ...
Bellin Milena - - 2012
Worldwide increases in life expectancy have been paralleled by a greater prevalence of chronic and age-associated disorders, particularly of the cardiovascular, neural and metabolic systems. This has not been met by commensurate development of new drugs and therapies, which is in part owing to the difficulty in modelling human diseases ...
Jayasinghe R C - - 2012
The optical properties of p-type InP epitaxial films with different doping concentrations are investigated by infrared absorption measurements accompanied by reflection and transmission spectra taken from 25 to 300 K. A complete dielectric function (DF) model, including intervalence band (IVB) transitions, free-carrier and lattice absorption, is used to determine the optical ...
Hallock Henry L - - 2012
Hippocampal place fields show remapping between environments that contain sufficiently different contextual features, a phenomenon that may reflect a mechanism for episodic memory formation. Previous studies have shown that place fields remap to changes in the configuration of visual landmarks in an environment. Other experiments have demonstrated that remapping can ...
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