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Okura Hiroyuki - - 2012
To the Editor: Kang et al. (June 28 issue)(1) report significantly better outcomes with early surgery than with conventional treatment in patients with infective endocarditis and vegetations with a diameter greater than 10 mm. More than 90% of the patients in their study had severe aortic-valve or mitral-valve regurgitation; however, ...
Markus-Bustani Keren - - 2012
We report on a case of a female fetus found to be mosaic for Turner syndrome (45,X) and trisomy X (47,XXX). Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) failed to detect the aneuploidy because of a normal average dosage of the X chromosome. This case represents an unusual instance in which CMA may ...
Urakami Hiromitsu - - 2012
Surfaces of HTC-derived carbons were functionalized using dienophiles such as maleimide (MI), tetracyanoethylene (TCNE), and 4,5-dicyano-1,3-dithiol-2-one (DCDTO). DCDTO-functionalized carbons were then hydrolyzed to yield thiol-functionalized carbons, which were used to perform conjugate addition on the carbon surface.
Mackenzie Alex - - 2012
To the Editor: Although the efficacy of serine-threonine protein kinase (BRAF) inhibitors has been shown in patients with advanced melanoma who have the V600E BRAF mutation,(1),(2) data on the population with the V600K BRAF mutation are more limited and less encouraging. A phase 2 trial of vemurafenib showed a partial ...
Lahiri Basudev - - 2013
Photothermal induced resonance (PTIR) has recently attracted great interest for enabling chemical identification and imaging with nanoscale resolution. In this work, electron beam nanopatterned polymer samples are fabricated directly on 3D zinc selenide prisms and used to experimentally evaluate the PTIR lateral resolution, sensitivity and linearity. It is shown that ...
Sanker C - - 2012
In the present study, the relationship between the temperature-humidity index (THI) and the incidence of medical treatments in lactating dairy cows in Lower Saxony, Germany, was investigated. Records of all veterinary-treated cases over 2 years (2003 and 2005) from eight Holstein-Friesian dairy herds raised in loose-housing systems (55 to 170 ...
Tsurusaki Yoshinori - - 2012
Joubert syndrome (JS) and related disorders (JSRD) are autosomal recessive and X-linked disorders characterized by hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis with a characteristic 'molar tooth sign' on brain imaging and accompanying neurological symptoms including episodic hyperpnoea, abnormal eye movements, ataxia and intellectual disability. JSRD are clinically and genetically heterogeneous, and, ...
Boote Jonathan - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To characterise the literature on public involvement in health research published between 1995 and 2009. METHODS: Papers were identified from three systematic reviews, one narrative review and two bibliographies. The analysis identified journals where papers were published; countries of lead authors; types of public involved; health topic areas; and ...
Tsai Meng-Yu - - 2012
Chemical vapor deposition polymerization was used to deposit a novel maleimide-functionalized poly-p-xylylene coating on various substrates. The coated substrates are readily able to undergo thiol-maleimide click reaction under mild conditions. Applications using this coating technology are highlighted in low-protein-fouling modification as well as manipulated attachments and growth of bovine arterial ...
Brinks Ralph - - 2012
This article describes new relationships between the age-specific incidence of, the prevalence of and mortality from a chronic disease. We express these relationships in terms of an ordinary differential equation and form the methodological basis for a novel approach to estimating incidences from age-specific prevalence data. We examine practical aspects ...
Dammak Hichem - - 2012
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations have been carried out to study isotope effects in lithium hydride and lithium deuteride crystals. Quantum effects on nuclear motion have been included through a quantum thermal bath (QTB). The interatomic forces were described either within the density functional theory (DFT) in the generalized gradient approximation ...
- - 2012
To the Editor: In a recent pooled analysis of vitamin D dose requirements for fracture prevention, Bischoff-Ferrari and colleagues (July 5 issue)(1) reanalyzed data from clinical trials by taking into account vitamin D supplementation taken by participants in addition to the study medication. This reanalysis provides a more accurate estimation ...
Ma Li - - 2012
The aim of this study was to quantify the oral delivery systems of Tetramethylpyrazine Microemulsion (TMP ME) to heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney and brain by comparing TMP level after oral administration at a dose of 100 mg kg(-1) with those of TMP tablet suspension (TMP SWW). This study was taken ...
Min S - - 2012
The alterations induced in dendritic cells (DCs) in the cancer microenvironment have not been extensively explored. We found that the tumor-associated factor TGF-β may selectively upregulate the expression of miR-27a via the SP1 transcription factor. Importantly, miR-27a altered the activity of NF-κB and MAPKs (mitogen-activated protein kinases) p38, JNK (c-Jun ...
Cathcart Nicole - - 2012
We describe the synthetic preparation of well-defined symmetric multifaceted prismatic silver nanoparticles with chemically controlled faceting advantageous for strong and tunable surface-enhanced Raman scattering, SERS. These silver nanoparticles, that have been termed nanoflowers, AgNFls for their characteristic morphologies, have been prepared by a one-pot aqueous reaction under ambient conditions. AgNFl ...
Polonsky Kenneth S - - 2012
Although scientific advances have led to effective prevention strategies, the pathway to a cure for diabetes has remained elusive. This anniversary article describes progress in the understanding, diagnosis, and management of diabetes during the past 200 years.
Laine Katariina - - 2012
Objective: To study changes in obstetric anal sphincter rupture (OASR) incidences during the last years in Denmark, Finland, Sweden and Norway and hospital-based incidences in Norway for the last years. Design: Retrospective birth register study. Setting: Unselected population of delivering women in four Nordic countries. Population or Sample: All deliveries ...
Lecoindre P - - 2012
A seven-year-old West Highland white terrier was presented for chronic vomiting associated with mild regenerative anaemia and hypoalbuminaemia. Further examination showed a giant polypoid cerebriform mass located in the lesser curvature of the stomach. Partial gastrectomy was performed and histology was consistent with hypertrophic gastritis with typical features of Ménétrier's ...
Cho Heejin - - 2012
The roles of CdS nanocrystals (quantum dots) stabilized by oleic acid ligands in toluene were investigated in the 1,1'-oxalyldiimidazole chemiluminescence (ODI-CL) reaction generated under various environmental conditions. CdS excited by high-energy intermediates formed in ODI-CL reaction emitted dim CL. Also, CdS acted as a catalyst to enhance the yield of ...
Riemer Gunnar - - 2013
Little information exists about the long-term outcome of amyoplasia. In this article, a case report of a 93-year old woman is presented including both the development of the physical limitations and coping strategies. The medical records, physical examinations and personal interviews during the last 10 years, autobiographical essays and personal ...
Grey Andrew - - 2012
To the Editor: In a recent pooled analysis of vitamin D dose requirements for fracture prevention, Bischoff-Ferrari and colleagues (July 5 issue)(1) reanalyzed data from clinical trials by taking into account vitamin D supplementation taken by participants in addition to the study medication. This reanalysis provides a more accurate estimation ...
Abdelbary Aly A - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the thickness of adsorbed polymer layer (also known as Fixed Aqueous Layer Thickness, FALT) of polymeric stabilizers on zeta potential and stability of nanoparticles in a suspension. Aripiprazole, a poorly water soluble drug was used as a model drug ...
Kim Bo Hyun - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIM: As a rare liver disease, little is known about autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). This study investigated the clinical features and compared two diagnostic criteria of AIH in Korea. METHODS: A nationwide, multicenter, retrospective analysis was done of data of adult patients diagnosed with AIH from January 2005 to ...
Guan Zhenping - - 2012
We have demonstrated that cysteine and glutathione induced edge-to-edge coupling of Au NCs, which caused a band selective enhancement of two-photon photoluminescence. The intensity of X band of photoluminescence of Au NCs was found to be enhanced up to 60-fold and 46-fold upon addition of cysteine and glutathione respectively, while ...
Joh Jennifer E - - 2012
  Neo-adjuvant chemotherapy is used for locally advanced breast cancer patients with significant variation in tumor response. Our objective is to determine the clinicopathologic effect of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy on invasive lobular carcinoma. A review of a single-institution data base of women diagnosed with breast cancer identified 30 patients from 1999 ...
Kim Hong K - - 2012
To the Editor: Boyer (July 12 issue)(1) reports that use of naloxone to treat opioid overdose is logical because it is a direct antagonist of mu opioid receptors. Other strategies for treating opioid-induced respiratory depression and oversedation are now plausible and should be developed as alternatives to single-drug therapy with ...
Tranchida Peter Quinto - - 2012
The present manuscript reports a comparative study between conventional and split-flow comprehensive GC×GC-MS. Conventional GC×GC-MS was performed by using a single GC oven, and with a widely employed apolar (30 m × 0.25 mm id)-polar (1 m × 0.10 mm id) column combination. Split-flow GC×GC-MS experiments were carried out by ...
Louwerse Max M - - 2012
Spatial mental representations can be derived from linguistic and non-linguistic sources of information. This study tested whether these representations could be formed from statistical linguistic frequencies of city names, and to what extent participants differed in their performance when they estimated spatial locations from language or maps. In a computational ...
Han Sae-Won - - 2012
The prognostic impact of CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) and microsatellite instability (MSI) on the treatment outcome of colon cancer patients receiving adjuvant 5-fluorouracil/ leucovorin/oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) is unclear. We investigated CIMP and MSI status in colorectal cancer patients treated with adjuvant FOLFOX. Stage II and III sporadic colorectal cancer patients ...
Zhang Xinxin - - 2012
The high-pressure crystal structures of the "111" type iron-based superconductors: NaFeAs, LiFeP and LiFeAs have been systematically explored by using particle-swarm structural searches. It was found that though these iron-based superconductors are chemically similar, they adopted distinct structural phase transitions: P4/nmm → Cmcm → P3[combining macron]m1 for NaFeAs, P4/nmm → ...
Winter Shawn S - - 2012
The role of limbic system structures in spatial orientation continues to be debated. The hippocampus (HPC) has been implicated in encoding symbolic representations of environments (i.e., cognitive map), whereas entorhinal cortex (EC) function has been implicated in self-movement cue processing (i.e., dead reckoning). These distinctions largely depend on the electrophysiological ...
Kwon Beom-June - - 2012
Thiazide-type diuretics are the most commonly used blood pressure (BP)-lowering drug for patients with uncomplicated hypertension. However, it has remained unclear whether hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) or chlorthalidone (CTD) shows better improvement in central aortic pressure. We conducted an open-label, randomized, prospective cross-over study with an 8-week active treatment (HCTZ of 25 mg ...
Arabaci T - - 2012
Roughness on tooth surfaces is reported to facilitate the reestablishment of microbial dental plaque. Hence, the main goal of dental scaling is to remove bacterial plaque and obtain smoother tooth surfaces. This study was aimed to assess the influence of tip wear of ultrasonic scaler inserts on root surface roughness ...
Kakeri A R - - 2012
Objective: We report an extremely rare case of primary otoscleroma. Method: We present a case report and a review of the world literature concerning otoscleroma. Results: An adult woman presented with chronic suppurative otitis media with tubotympanic disease and conductive hearing loss. On mastoid exploration, dark granulations were seen, which ...
Li Jun - - 2012
Autoimmune cholangitis, Immunoglobulin G4-associated cholangitis (IAC), is a part of multiorgan IgG4-related systemic disease, which was recognized as a new clinicopathological entity in recent years. IAC is defined as a biliary stricture that responds to steroid therapy, frequently is associated with other fibrosing conditions, especially autoimmune pancreatitis and characterized by ...
Brown Emery N - - 2012
To the Editor: Boyer (July 12 issue)(1) reports that use of naloxone to treat opioid overdose is logical because it is a direct antagonist of mu opioid receptors. Other strategies for treating opioid-induced respiratory depression and oversedation are now plausible and should be developed as alternatives to single-drug therapy with ...
Usachev Konstantin S - - 2012
The spatial structure of an active fragment of beta-amyloid Aβ(1-40) heptapeptide Aβ(16-22) (Lys-Leu-Val-Phe-Phe-Ala-Glu) in aqueous buffer solution and in complex with sodium dodecyl sulfate micelles as a model membrane system was investigated by (1) H NMR spectroscopy and two-dimensional NMR (TOCSY, HSQC-HECADE (Heteronuclear Couplings from ASSCI-domain experiments with E.COSY-type crosspeaks), ...
Ascierto Paolo A - - 2012
To the Editor: Although the efficacy of serine-threonine protein kinase (BRAF) inhibitors has been shown in patients with advanced melanoma who have the V600E BRAF mutation,(1),(2) data on the population with the V600K BRAF mutation are more limited and less encouraging. A phase 2 trial of vemurafenib showed a partial ...
Miura Shin-ichiro S Department of Cardiology, Fukuoka University School of Medicine, 7-45-1 Nanakuma, Jonan-ku, Fukuoka, Japan. - - 2013
The angiotensin II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor blocker (ARB) candesartan strongly reduces blood pressure (BP) in patients with hypertension and has been shown to have cardioprotective effects. A new ARB, azilsartan, was recently approved and has been shown to provide a more potent 24-h sustained antihypertensive effect than candesartan. However, ...
Lutter Chessa K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To identify lessons learned from 30 years of implementing the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes ('the Code') and identify lessons learned for the regulation of marketing foods and beverages to children. DESIGN: Historical analysis of 30 years of implementing the Code. SETTING: Latin America and the Caribbean. ...
Mumm Florian - - 2012
A method to fabricate inexpensive and transparent nanowire impalement devices is invented based on CuO nanowire arrays grown by thermal oxidation. By employing a novel process the nanowires are transferred to a transparent, cell-compatible epoxy membrane. Cargo delivery and detailed cell-nanowire interaction studies are performed, revealing that the cell plasma ...
Majeski Elizabeth - - 2012
To determine the feasibility of administering iloprost by inhalation in patients with mild atopic asthma. Volunteers underwent supervised inhalation of iloprost in the clinic with measurement of spirometry and blood pressure for 2 hours. The volunteers then inhaled iloprost four times daily at a dose of 2.5 or 5 μg ...
Walsh Jason M - - 2012
DinB is one of two Y family polymerases in E. coli and is involved in copying damaged DNA. DinB is specialized to bypass deoxyguanosine adducts that occur at the N(2) position, with its cognate lesion being the furfuryl adduct. Active site residues have been identified that make contact with the ...
Andreassen Christian Nicolaj - - 2012
Working as a physician at an oncology department has some distinctive characteristics that may lead to a stressful work environment. The present study was conducted to provide a nationwide description of the work conditions of all oncologists in Denmark. By comparing the results of the present study with those of ...
Harper Felicity W K FW Karmanos Cancer Institute Population Studies and Disparities Research Program, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. - - 2013
Pain/distress during pediatric cancer treatments has substantial psychosocial consequences for children and families. We examined relationships between parents' caregiving self-efficacy, parents' affect in response to their children's cancer-related treatment procedures, and parents' symptoms of post-traumatic stress at follow-up. Participants were 75 pediatric cancer patients and parents. On the day of ...
Ouyang Xuchang - - 2012
Covalent linkage formation is a very important mechanism for many covalent drugs to work. However, partly due to the limitations of proper computational tools for covalent docking, most covalent drugs are not discovered systematically. In this article, we present a new covalent docking package, the CovalentDock, built on the top ...
Chevalier Katharina - - 2012
Femtosecond polarization resolved UV/Vis and mid-infrared spectroscopy was used to thoroughly identify and characterize the relevant elementary chemical and physical processes in the photocycle of 3-hydroxyflavone (3-HF) in solution. In one set of experiments with the polar aprotic solvent acetonitrile-d(3), for the first time excited state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT), ...
Patera Jan - - 2012
The work was aimed at the evaluation of a cleanliness of pharmaceutical equipments after the end of the production and subsequent cleaning process. The influence of a dirty-hold time, a time interval between the end of the production period and the beginning of the cleaning process on its efficiency and ...
Dryza Viktoras - - 2012
In this perspective article we describe recent infrared spectroscopic investigations of mass-selected M(+)-H(2) and M(+)-D(2) complexes in the gas-phase, with targets that include Li(+)-H(2), B(+)-H(2), Na(+)-H(2), Mg(+)-H(2), Al(+)-H(2), Cr(+)-D(2), Mn(+)-H(2), Zn(+)-D(2) and Ag(+)-H(2). Interactions between molecular hydrogen and metal cations play a key role in several contexts, including in the ...
Moldal Elena R - - 2012
Objective  To evaluate the usefulness of intratesticular and subcutaneous lidocaine in alleviating the intraoperative nociceptive response to castration, measured by pulse rate (PR) and mean arterial pressure (MAP), and to test the applicability of heart rate variability (HRV) analysis in assessing this response. Study design  Randomized, controlled, observer-blinded experimental trial. ...
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