Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1352
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Kitamura Tetsuhisa - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the nationwide trend in the survival of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in Japan and the differences in incidence and survival by age group and origin of arrest. METHODS AND RESULTS: A nationwide, prospective, population-based observation covering the whole population of Japan and involving consecutive OHCA ...
Overby Nina Cecilie - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A diet high in fruit and vegetables (FV) is inversely related to chronic diseases, and some studies suggest that increasing the intake of FV reduces the intake of unhealthy snacks. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to analyze changes in the frequency of consumption of unhealthy snacks (soda, candy, and potato ...
Reitman Aaron J - - 2012
Background. Our objective was to evaluate serial procalcitonin (PCT) levels compared with an initial PCT level at admission in predicting bacteremia in pediatric febrile neutropenic oncology patients. Procedure. Serum PCT levels were measured at admission (t0) and within 24 hours of admission (t1) in pediatric oncology patients presenting with fever ...
Schweigert Michael - - 2012
Objective Necrotizing pneumonia, pulmonary abscess, and lung gangrene are rare complications of severe pulmonary infection with devitalization and sloughing of lung tissue. Pulmonary necrosis is often associated with alcoholism and other chronic disorders with known immunodeficiency. Mortality is significant and both treatment strategies as well as the role of surgery are ...
Gohil S - - 2012
We report a case of neuropathic pain following peripheral venous cannulation for an elective surgical procedure and discuss the various mechanisms by which this could occur. The mostly likely trigger in this case is phlebitis as the onset of symptoms coincided with the local infection. Neuropathic pain can occur following ...
Buoli Massimiliano - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Several studies show an association between a long duration of untreated illness (DUI) and poor outcome in schizophrenic patients. DUI, in turn, may be influenced by different variables including specific illness-related factors as well as access to local psychiatric services. AIMS: The purposes of the present study were to ...
Davis Mellar P - - 2012
Introduction: To develop a shorter and less burdensome cancer-related fatigue (CRF) questionnaire, the Four-Item Fatigue Scale (FIFS) was tested for validity against the Brief Fatigue Index (BFI). METHODS: On day 1, patients with cancer completed the BFI and FIFS in a random order and the reverse on day 7. Sixty-five ...
Skinner Michael K - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Environmentally induced epigenetic transgenerational inheritance of adult onset disease involves a variety of phenotypic changes, suggesting a general alteration in genome activity. RESULTS: Investigation of different tissue transcriptomes in male and female F3 generation vinclozolin versus control lineage rats demonstrated all tissues examined had transgenerational transcriptomes. The microarrays ...
Ruggiero Antonio - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The current study investigated the efficacy, safety, tolerability, and compliance of a transdermal buprenorphine delivery system for the management of chronic cancer pain in the pediatric population. PROCEDURE: Sixteen pediatric patients with moderate to severe cancer-related pain not satisfactorily controlled with previous non-opioid therapies were enrolled. Transdermal buprenorphine was ...
Jinno-Oue Atsushi - - 2012
Cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) are involved in the binding and entry of human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) into host cells, while sulfated polysaccharides such as heparin inhibit HTLV-1 infection. Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) are classified as another major type of proteoglycans. Here, we examined the effect ...
Yaghi Shadi - - 2012
Stroke mimics are patients diagnosed initially with stroke who finally receive a different diagnosis, such as seizure, conversion disorder or encephelopathy. We compared the number of stroke mimics receiving thrombolytic therapy via a telestroke network and via a conventional primary stroke centre. We reviewed the data on all patients who ...
Emlet Lillian L - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Since 2003, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires residency programs to restrict to 80 hrs/wk, averaged over 4 wks to improve patient safety. These restrictions force training programs with night call responsibilities to either maintain a traditional program with alternative night float schedules or adopt a "shift" ...
Liu Liang - - 2012
In this study we explored the perceptions of Chinese patients with schizophrenia about their treatment, mental state, social relationships, and daily life throughout the psychotic episodes. A purposive sample of 16 schizophrenia patients with heterogeneous demographic backgrounds was recruited. We collected data through face-to-face semistructured interviews. We conducted a qualitative ...
Dean Ben - - 2012
The use of miniature data loggers is rapidly increasing our understanding of the movements and habitat preferences of pelagic seabirds. However, objectively interpreting behavioural information from the large volumes of highly detailed data collected by such devices can be challenging. We combined three biologging technologies-global positioning system (GPS), saltwater immersion ...
Frasch Karel - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Physical comorbidities and substance use are commonly reported in patients with mental disorders. AIM: To examine somatic comorbidity in patients with substance use disorders (SUD) compared to patients with mental disorders but no SUD. METHODS: Lifetime prevalence data on mental and physical health status were collected from inpatients in ...
Thomson John P - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Induction and promotion of liver cancer by exposure to non-genotoxic carcinogens coincides with epigenetic perturbations, including specific changes in DNA methylation. Here we investigate the genome-wide dynamics of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) as a likely intermediate of 5-methylcytosine (5mC) demethylation in a DNA methylation reprogramming pathway. We use a rodent ...
Davis Kathleen - - 2012
Sjögren-Larsson syndrome is an inherited disorder of lipid metabolism caused by mutations in the ALDH3A2 gene that codes for fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase, which results in accumulation of fatty aldehydes and alcohols and is characterized by ichthyosis, intellectual disability, and spastic diplegia/quadriplegia. The authors describe 2 unrelated Honduran patients who carried ...
Horvath Steve - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Several recent studies reported aging effects on DNA methylation levels of individual CpG dinucleotides. But it is not yet known whether aging related consensus modules, in the form of clusters of correlated CpG markers, can be found that are present in multiple human tissues. Such a module could ...
Binder Harald - - 2012
In observational studies, many continuous or categorical covariates may be related to an outcome. Various spline-based procedures or the multivariable fractional polynomial (MFP) procedure can be used to identify important variables and functional forms for continuous covariates. This is the main aim of an explanatory model, as opposed to a ...
Michele Di Stasio - - 2012
There is a growing interest in the use of anticariogenic  and antimicrobial agents to prevent demineralization and promote remineralization of dental enamel for the prevention of oral diseases.  The purpose of this study was to developa novel chewing-system containing as Casein-Phosphopeptides-Amorphous-Calcium-Phosphate (CPP-ACP) as Quercetin (Qt) and evaluate their release using ...
Jones Charlotte - - 2012
Previous work has shown that medication errors related to anticonvulsants are common during the transition into the hospital for pediatric patients. The purpose of this work was to evaluate whether children with epilepsy admitted for reasons other than epilepsy experience nonoptimal care in anticonvulsant medication management preceding the occurrence of ...
Parent Marie-Élise - - 2012
Night work might influence cancer risk, possibly via suppression of melatonin release. In a population-based case-control study conducted in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, between 1979 and 1985, job histories, including work hours, were elicited from 3,137 males with incident cancer at one of 11 anatomic sites and from 512 controls. Compared ...
Protti Alessandro - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: We have recently demonstrated that metformin intoxication causes mitochondrial dysfunction in several porcine tissues, including platelets. The aim of the present work was to clarify whether it also causes mitochondrial dysfunction (and secondary lactate overproduction) in human platelets, in-vitro and ex-vivo. METHODS: Human platelets were incubated for 72 ...
Barratt Helen - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: No matter how well resourced, individual hospitals cannot expect to meet all peaks in demand for adult general critical care. However, previous analyses suggest that patients transferred for non-clinical reasons have worse outcomes than those who are not transferred, but these studies were underpowered and hampered by residual ...
Klein Nicole - - 2012
The histology of cervical ribs of Sauropoda reveals a primary bone tissue, which largely consists of longitudinally oriented mineralized collagen fibres, essentially the same tissue as found in ossified tendons. The absence of regular periosteal bone and the dominance of longitudinal fibres contradict the ventral bracing hypothesis (VBH) postulated for ...
Popat Roman - - 2012
The idea from human societies that self-interest can lead to a breakdown of cooperation at the group level is sometimes termed the public goods dilemma. We tested this idea in the opportunistic bacterial pathogen, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, by examining the influence of putative cheats that do not cooperate via cell-to-cell signalling ...
Delemer Brigitte - - 2012
To document the initial management of hypothyroidism in France with respect to diagnostic setting, investigations, and therapeutic approach. Observational study of the management by primary care practitioners (PCPs) and endocrinologists of patients diagnosed with, and treated for, hypothyroidism during the enrollment period or the previous 6 months. A representative sample ...
Darsley Michael J - - 2012
An oral, live attenuated, three-strain recombinant bacterial vaccine, ACE527, was demonstrated to generate strong immune responses to colonization factor and toxin antigens of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) in human volunteers. The vaccine was safe and well tolerated at doses of up to 10(11) CFU, administered in each of two doses ...
Fujii Jun - - 2012
We have developed a novel vaccine against Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infection using a recombinant Mycobacterium bovis BCG (rBCG) system. Two intraperitoneal vaccinations with rBCG expressing the Stx2 B subunit (Stx2B) resulted in an increase of protective serum IgG and mucosal IgA responses to Stx2B in BALB/c mice. ...
Keating Sheila M - - 2012
Recent-infection testing assays/algorithms (RITAs) have been developed to exploit the titer and avidity of HIV antibody evolution following seroconversion for incidence estimation. The Vitros Anti-HIV 1+2 assay (Ortho-Clinical Diagnostics) was approved by the FDA to detect HIV-1 and HIV-2 infections. We developed a less-sensitive (LS) and an avidity-modified version of ...
Morelle Christelle - - 2012
Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide infection that may cause severe disease and is regarded as a serious health problem in France. Detection of the parasite by molecular methods is crucial for diagnosing the disease. The extreme diversity of methods and performances of Toxoplasma PCR assays makes the use of commercial PCR ...
Bhatia Nisha S - - 2012
We describe the utility of PCR and electrospray ionization with mass spectrometry (PCR/ESI-MS) of culture-negative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in order to identify Gram-positive cocci noted on a Gram stain of CSF from a previously healthy 26-year-old man with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and multiple brain abscesses. CSF samples were obtained 2 ...
Peter Harald - - 2012
Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemases (KPCs) are considered a serious threat to antibiotic therapy, as they confer resistance to carbapenems, which are used to treat extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria. Here, we describe the development and evaluation of a DNA microarray for the detection and genotyping of KPC genes (bla(KPC)) within a 5-h ...
Dauphin Leslie A - - 2012
The clinical laboratory diagnosis of cutaneous anthrax is generally established by conventional microbiological methods, such as culture and directly straining smears of clinical specimens. However, these methods rely on recovery of viable Bacillus anthracis cells from swabs of cutaneous lesions and often yield negative results. This study developed a rapid ...
Dallman Tim - - 2012
A strain of Escherichia coli O111:H21 recently isolated in the United Kingdom harbored the phage-encoded vtx2c gene and the aggregative adherence plasmid. Although exhibiting the same pathogenic profile as the E. coli O104:H4 strain linked to the outbreak in Germany, there were important differences in strain characteristics and in the ...
Comar Manola - - 2012
Many methods with different levels of analytical sensitivity and clinical specificity have been developed to detect the presence of high-risk (HR) types of the human papillomavirus (HPV) in cervical samples. The Hybrid Capture II (HC-II) assay is broadly used for primary screening. In addition, several HPV genotyping assays, based on ...
Guldimann Claudia - - 2012
The significance of atypical bovine spongiform encephalopathies (BSE) in cattle for controlling the BSE epidemic is poorly understood. Here we report a case of atypical H-type BSE in a cow born after the implementation of the reinforced feed ban in Europe. This supports an etiology of H-type BSE unrelated to ...
Shaked Hila - - 2012
Monomicrobial necrotizing fasciitis (type II) is typically caused by group A streptococcus alone or in combination with Staphylococcus aureus. Escherichia coli has been isolated from polymicrobial or Fournier's gangrene but has rarely been reported in monomicrobial necrotizing fasciitis. We describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of seven cases of monomicrobial ...
Overdevest I T M A - - 2012
Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) is one of the most reliable methods for typing of Escherichia coli, including extended-spectrum-β-lactamase-producing E. coli (ESBL-EC). We investigated the performance of a new typing method, SpectraCell RA (River Diagnostics, Madison, WI), in comparison on MLST on a well-defined collection of ESBL-EC isolates obtained from chicken ...
Wilson D A - - 2012
A comparison of direct fluorescent-antibody assay (DFA), culture, and two PCR assays disclosed sensitivities of 87.8%, 46.3%, and 97.6% and 100%, respectively. We reviewed 1,150 results for clinical specimens submitted for DFA and culture and found that only 17 were culture positive/DFA negative. The incremental cost to detect these 17 ...
Hirvonen Jari J - - 2012
We report the first case of deep-wound colonization by Dietzia cinnamea in a patient who had been bitten by a dog.
Ferreira Rui M - - 2012
The present report describes a novel method for genotyping the virulence-associated vacA intermediate (i) region of Helicobacter pylori in archive material. vacA i-region genotypes as determined by the novel method were completely concordant with those of sequence analysis and with those of functional vacuolation activity. The method was further validated ...
Kristiansen Paul A - - 2012
Neisseria lactamica is a true commensal bacterium occupying the same ecological niche as the pathogenic Neisseria meningitidis, which is responsible for outbreaks and large epidemics, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. To better understand the epidemiology of N. lactamica in Africa and its relationship to N. meningitidis, we studied N. lactamica carriage ...
Hirschi Sandrine - - 2012
Trichosporon mycotoxinivorans is a novel pathogen recently found in cystic fibrosis patients. We report the first case of a disseminated fatal infection with T. mycotoxinivorans associated with invasive Aspergillus fumigatus and Scedosporium apiospermum infection after lung and liver transplantation in a cystic fibrosis patient.
Vestrheim Didrik F - - 2012
Viable Bordetella pertussis isolates are essential for surveillance purposes. We performed culture of 223 PCR-positive nasopharyngeal samples. B. pertussis was recovered from 45 (20.2%) of the samples. Growth was associated with a high bacterial load, as determined by PCR. Culture from PCR-positive samples is a feasible approach to recover B. ...
Chew Ching Hoong - - 2012
Malaria remains one of the major killers of humankind and persists to threaten the lives of more than one-third of the world's population. Given that human malaria can now be caused by five species of Plasmodium, i.e., Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium ovale, and the recently included Plasmodium ...
Delannoy Sabine - - 2012
We explored the genetic diversity of the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) regions of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) to design simplex real-time PCR assays for each of the seven most important EHEC serotypes worldwide. A panel of 958 E. coli strains investigated for their CRISPR loci by high-throughput ...
Queiroz Adriano - - 2012
Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis causes three main types of American tegumentary leishmaniasis (ATL), localized cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), mucosal leishmaniasis (ML), and disseminated leishmaniasis (DL). All forms are observed among individuals of Corte de Pedra, Brazil. We previously used random amplified markers to identify a multiclonal population among L. (V.) braziliensis isolates ...
Sterkers Yvon - - 2012
From a prospective cohort of 344 women who seroconverted for toxoplasmosis during pregnancy, 344 amniotic fluid, 264 placenta, and 216 cord blood samples were tested for diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis using the same PCR assay. The sensitivity and negative predictive value of the PCR assay using amniotic fluid were 86.3% ...
Slenker A K - - 2012
Weeksella virosa is an aerobic Gram-negative rod that has rarely been reported to cause infection. We describe a fatal case of W. virosa sepsis in a young female with end-stage renal disease, report three additional cases of W. virosa infection, and review the literature regarding this infection.
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