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Results 401 - 450 of 3178
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Bain Earle E EE Clinical Development, Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, IL 60064, USA. - - 2013
Dysregulation of the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (NNR) system has been implicated in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and nicotinic agonists improve attention across preclinical species and humans. Hence, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study was designed to determine the safety and efficacy of a novel α4β2 NNR agonist (ABT-894 (3-(5,6-dichloro-pyridin-3-yl)-1(S),5 (S)-3,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane)) ...
Ceaser Alan A Department of Psychology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA. - - 2013
Recent theories have suggested that corticostriatal interactions may play an important part in mediating working memory demands and may impact clinical symptomology of schizophrenia. These effects are thought to occur through changes in dopamine signalling from the midbrain and via feedback from the frontal cortex. The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met polymorphism ...
Luo Feng - - 2012
A distinct way to target long-lasting phosphors (LLPs) is disclosed. This new material is a metal-organic framework featuring a 1D zig-zag chain and 3D hydrogen bonded PtS net with three-fold interpenetration. It exhibits persistent luminescence lasting about 1 s which can be traced by the naked eye. The green persistent ...
Konieczny Markus R - - 2012
The appropriate treatment of dens fractures is unclear. We established a staged treatment protocol for dens fractures and conducted a prospective study to evaluate the outcome of treatment based on this protocol. We prospectively evaluated sixty-nine consecutive patients who presented to our institution with a dens fracture. The mean duration ...
Madden Ros - - 2012
Purpose: This paper seeks to contribute to thoughtful description, recording and measurement of functioning, by discussing some fundamental questions to consider before starting, framed as: why, what, how and who. Method: Generic literature on measurement methods and the more specialised literature on application of the ICF over the last decade ...
Schaak Raymond E - - 2012
Colloidal hybrid nanoparticles merge multiple distinct materials into single particles, producing nanostructures that often exhibit synergistic properties and multifunctionality. As the complexity of such nanostructures continues to expand and the design criteria become increasingly stringent, the synthetic pathways required to access such materials are growing in sophistication. Multistep pathways are ...
Elcin Gonca - - 2012
Abstract Background: Narrowband ultraviolet B (UVB) provides complete response (CR) in 54 to 91% of early mycosis fungoides (MF) patients. Data concerning relapse rate and relapse-free interval after discontinuation of therapy need clarification. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relapse rate and the relapse-free intervals of early ...
Bochman Matthew L - - 2012
In addition to the canonical double helix, DNA can fold into various other inter- and intramolecular secondary structures. Although many such structures were long thought to be in vitro artefacts, bioinformatics demonstrates that DNA sequences capable of forming these structures are conserved throughout evolution, suggesting the existence of non-B-form DNA ...
Annen Samuel P - - 2012
Acids, esters and amides have to date been the only isolated products from the dehydrogenation of primary alcohols with [Rh(trop(2)N)(L)] (trop = 5-H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5yl) type complexes. With the reported method the available product family is finally to aldehydes. Using nitrosobenzene as a hydrogen acceptor the aldehydes could be isolated in up ...
Szlachetko Jakub - - 2012
We report on the decomposition of platinum acetylacetonate (Pt(acac)(2)) in hydrogen induced by flash heating. The changes in the local Pt structure were followed by high energy resolution off-resonant spectroscopy uniquely performed with sub-second time resolution. The decomposition consists of a two-step reduction process of the Pt(ii) species.
Obi D - - 2012
We report on the elastic and piezoresistive properties of individual epitaxial Si-NWs grown on n-doped Si(111) by pulsed laser deposition. Using scanning probe microscopy, we obtained a Young's modulus between 82 and 900 GPa for the nanowires, unaffected by the nanowire shape. A relative resistivity change is observed in the prestrained ...
Hızlı Deniz - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to compare cord blood S100B levels and cord blood gas parameters of term infants with meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) to those infants with clear amniotic fluid. Methods: Term pregnant women at an active phase of labor and having MSAF were defined ...
Bjørnvig Thore - - 2012
Abstract The Danish silent movie Himmelskibet (in English, A Trip to Mars or The Sky Ship) premiered in 1918, and a novelization of the movie appeared in 1921. The film is about a trip to Mars and portrays a Martian civilization that embraces a life of peace, vegetarianism, and non-alcoholism. ...
Martin Todd M - - 2012
Prior to using a quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) model for external predictions, its predictive power should be established and validated. In the absence of a true external data set, the best way to validate the predictive ability of a model is to perform its statistical external validation. In statistical ...
Nijem Nour - - 2012
The adsorption energies of small molecules in nanoporous materials are often determined by isotherm measurements. The nature of the interaction and the response of the host material, however, can best be studied by spectroscopic methods. We show here that infrared absorption and Raman spectroscopy measurements together with density functional theory ...
Woo Christina M - - 2012
The development of enantioselective synthetic routes to (-)-kinamycin F (9) and (-)-lomaiviticin aglycon (6) are described. The diazotetrahydrobenzo[b]fluorene (diazofluorene) functional group of the targets was prepared by fluoride-mediated coupling of a β-trimethylsilylmethyl-α,β-unsaturated ketone (38) with an oxidized naphthoquinone (19), palladium-catalyzed cyclization (39→37), and diazo transfer (37→53). The D-ring precursors 60 ...
Seeherman Howard J - - 2012
Transient bone resorption limits the use of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2)/absorbable collagen sponge in metaphyseal bone. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of rhBMP-2/calcium phosphate matrix (CPM) to induce bone formation while limiting transient bone resorption in nonhuman primate core defects. Metaphyseal core ...
Lamers Alexander P - - 2012
Bacillithiol (BSH) has been prepared on the gram scale from the inexpensive starting material, D-glucosamine hydrochloride, in 11 steps and 8-9% overall yield. The BSH was used to survey the substrate and metal-ion selectivity of FosB enzymes from four Gram-positive microorganisms associated with the deactivation of the antibiotic fosfomycin. The ...
Stoeck Ulrich - - 2012
A highly porous metal-organic framework Cu(2)(BBCDC) (BBCDC = 9,9'-([1,1'-b[combining low line]iphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)b[combining low line]is(9H-c[combining low line]arbazole-3,6-d[combining low line]ic[combining low line]arboxylate) (DUT-49) with a specific surface area of 5476 m(2) g(-1), a pore volume of 2.91 cm(3) g(-1), a H(2) excess uptake of 80 mg g(-1) (77 K, 50 bar), a CO(2) ...
Jonsson Cecilia - - 2012
Objective: The aim is to describe how children and youths perform leisure activities, 1 year after a mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). Methods: Basis is to compile previously collected material; patients were extracted from a prospective randomized controlled trial of MTBI. A retrospective analysis was conducted among 73 children and ...
Lund Adam - - 2012
Introduction/Problem A review of the mass-gathering medicine literature confirms that the research community currently lacks a standardized approach to data collection and reporting in relation to large-scale community events. This lack of consistency, particularly with regard to event characteristics, patient characteristics, acuity determination, and reporting of illness and injury rates ...
Gagoś Mariusz - - 2012
In this paper, we propose a new way of thinking about molecular self-organization of the antibiotic amphotericin B (AmB) by examination its N-iodoacetyl derivative (AmB-I). This choice was dictated by the simplicity of AmB-I crystallization as compared to pure AmB. The studies focus on spectroscopic investigations of the monocrystal and ...
Modha Sachin G - - 2012
A regioselective approach for the synthesis of pyrrolopyridinones and pyrroloazepinones is reported employing an Ugi reaction followed by a gold(i) or platinum(ii) catalyzed intramolecular hydroarylation.
McCarrel Taralyn M - - 2012
Numerous methods are available for platelet-rich plasma (PRP) generation, but evidence defining the optimum composition is lacking. We hypothesized that leukocyte-reduced PRP would result in lower inflammatory cytokine expression compared with concentrated-leukocyte PRP and that maintaining the platelet:white blood cell (WBC) ratio would compensate for the effect of increased WBC ...
Wang Shenlin - - 2012
Protein-protein interactions play critical roles in cellular function and oligomerization of membrane proteins is a commonly observed phenomenon. Determining the oligomerization state and defining the intermolecular interface in the bilayer is generally a difficult task. Here, we use site-specific spin labeling to demonstrate that relaxation enhancements induced by covalently attached ...
Huskens Bibi - - 2012
Objective: This study examined the effectiveness of instruction and video feedback on staff's ABA skills during one-to-one play situations and initiations of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Methods: Data were collected within a multiple baseline design across 5 dyads. A continuous 20 s interval recording system was used to record ...
Agnew C E - - 2012
This study aims to evaluate the use of Varian radiotherapy dynamic treatment log (DynaLog) files to verify IMRT plan delivery as part of a routine quality assurance procedure. Delivery accuracy in terms of machine performance was quantified by multileaf collimator (MLC) position errors and fluence delivery accuracy for patients receiving ...
Jung Michael E - - 2012
Two catalysts, Me(2)AlNTf(2) and MeAl(NTf(2))(2), derived from the mixing of trimethylaluminum with triflimide, proved to be highly effective catalysts in hindered Diels-Alder reactions, generating the desired Diels-Alder cycloadducts from both hindered 2-silyloxydienes and hindered dienophiles. Thus reaction of 1 with 2 afforded the hindered cycloadduct 4 in excellent yield in ...
Polander Lauren Elizabeth - - 2012
Ozonolysis of the 2,6-divinyl derivative of a naphthalene diimide (NDI) affords a 2,6-diformyl-NDI, which can be used in Knoevenagel condensation reactions, as demonstrated by the synthesis of a 2,6-bis(2,2-dicyanovinyl)-NDI. UV-vis absorption and electrochemical data are compared to those of the parent NDI.
Lancioni Giulio E - - 2012
Objective: To assess the impact and the social rating of an active music condition (in which 10 patients with Alzheimer's disease regulated their music input) vs. a passive music condition. Method: In the active condition, the patients used a simple hand response and a microswitch to activate music stimulation periods. ...
Sommer Marianne R - - 2012
We propose a method to create aligned porosity in injectable materials by using magnetically-responsive microrods as pore forming sacrificial templates. Rod alignment occurs through the application of an external magnetic field after injecting the material into the desired end location. Removal of the sacrificial templates through dissolution generates porosity in ...
Statland Jeffrey M JM Department of Neurology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, - - 2012
Nondystrophic myotonias (NDMs) are rare diseases caused by mutations in skeletal muscle ion channels. Patients experience delayed muscle relaxation causing functionally limiting stiffness and pain. Mexiletine-induced sodium channel blockade reduced myotonia in small studies; however, as is common in rare diseases, larger studies of safety and efficacy have not previously ...
Peek-Asa Corinne - - 2012
Introduction Globally, floods are the most common and among the most devastating of natural disasters. Natural disasters such as floods impact local businesses, increasing local unemployment by up to 8.2%. Previous research has linked individual losses from disasters with symptoms such as posttraumatic stress disorder. However, little is known about ...
Berl Madison M - - 2012
The timing and developmental factors underlying the establishment of language dominance are poorly understood. We investigated the degree of lateralization of traditional frontotemporal and modulatory prefrontal-cerebellar regions of the distributed language network in children (n = 57) ages 4 to 12-a critical period for language consolidation. We examined the relationship ...
Zhao Xi Juan - - 2012
Highly selective sensing of cytidine triphosphate (CTP) against other triphosphate nucleosides including ATP, GTP and UTP is successfully achieved with a luminescent terbium(iii)-organic framework (TbOF) of [Tb(2)(2,3-pzdc)(2)(ox)(H(2)O)(2)](n) (2,3-pzdc(2-) = 2,3-pyrazinedicarboxylate, ox(2-) = oxalate).
Graziano Gabriella - - 2012
The accurate description of van der Waals forces within density functional theory is currently one of the most active areas of research in computational physics and chemistry. Here we report results on the structural and energetic properties of graphite and hexagonal boron nitride, two layered materials where interlayer binding is ...
Zheng Jinfen - - 2012
Background  10-Hydroxy-2-decenoic acid (10-HDA) is a major fatty acid component of royal jelly, which has been reported to have a variety of beneficial pharmacological characteristics. However, the effects of 10-HDA on skin photoageing and its potential mechanism of action are unclear. Objective  We investigated the protective effects of 10-HDA on ...
Lee Kyuho - - 2012
Detailed physisorption data from experiment for the H(2) molecule on low-index Cu surfaces challenge theory. Recently, density functional theory (DFT) has been developed to account for nonlocal correlation effects, including van der Waals (dispersion) forces. We show that the functional vdW-DF2 gives a potential-energy curve, potential-well energy levels and difference ...
Chen Kang - - 2012
Microcystin-LR (MC-LR), an inert electrochemical species, is difficult to be detected by a simple and direct electrochemical method. In the present work, a novel photoelectrochemical sensor is developed on highly ordered and vertically aligned TiO2 nanotubes (TiO2 NTs) with convenient surface modification of molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) (denoted as MIP@TiO2 ...
Liu Jie - - 2012
Uniform Gd(2)O(2)S flower-like nano-assemblies were prepared through one-pot mild solvothermal synthesis. The parallel nanoplates are the building blocks, ∼3 nm in thickness and 20-30 in diameter. Ethanediamine, the main solvent, plays an important role in dissolving a large amount of sulphur and producing active S(2-) ions, which results in the ...
Gorrea Esther - - 2012
Chirality of the monomeric residues controls and determines the prevalent folding of small oligopeptides (from di- to tetramers) composed of the 2-aminocyclobutane-1-carboxylic acid (ACBA) derivatives with the same or different absolute and relative configuration. The cis-form of the monomeric ACBA gives rise to two conformers, namely Z6 and Z8, while ...
Kuntzer T - - 2012
In diabetes mellitus, it is expected to see a common, mainly sensitive, distal symmetrical polyneuropathy (DPN) involving a large proportion of diabetic patients according to known risk factors. Several other diabetic peripheral neuropathies are recognized, such as dysautonomia and multifocal neuropathies including lumbosacral radiculoplexus and oculomotor palsies. In this review, ...
Walker M - - 2012
A quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) with a graphene/Ni(111) electrode has been used to probe frictional heating effects in Kr monolayers sliding on the microbalance electrode in response to its oscillatory motion. The temperatures of the sliding Kr monolayers are observed to rise approximately 13 K higher than their static counterparts, but ...
Chiesa O A - - 2012
This study is part of an ongoing effort to develop animal models that provide milk and sufficient infant (offspring) plasma samples to fully describe a drug's pharmacokinetics to quantitate the risk to the nursing infant. Ciprofloxacin was administered to six healthy Holstein cows as a constant rate intravenous infusion (flow ...
Bogas J Alexandre - - 2012
This article presents a detailed study of the microstructure of Iberian expanded clay lightweight aggregates (LWA). Other than more commonly used mercury porosimetry (MP) and water absorption methods, the experimental study involves optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and microtomography (μ-CT). Pore connectivity and how it is deployed are shown ...
Bisschoff Izak J - - 2012
OFD1, now recognized as a ciliopathy, is characterized by malformations of the face, oral cavity and digits, and is transmitted as an X-linked condition with lethality in males. Mutations in OFD1 also cause X-linked Joubert syndrome (JBTS10) and Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome type 2 (SGBS2). We have studied 55 sporadic and six ...
Le Duy - - 2012
The physisorption of the nucleobases adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), thymine (T), and uracil (U) on graphene is studied using several variants of the density functional theory (DFT): the generalized gradient approximation with the inclusion of van der Waals interaction (vdW) based on the TS approach (Tkatchenko and Scheffer ...
Phelps James R - - 2012
Successful mood stabilizing treatments reduce intracellular sodium in an activity-dependent manner. This can also be achieved with acidification of the blood, as is the case with the ketogenic diet. Two women with type II bipolar disorder were able to maintain ketosis for prolonged periods of time (2 and 3 years, ...
Harbison Christopher T - - 2012
Context.- The therascreen KRAS RGQ PCR kit is being developed as a companion diagnostic to aid clinicians, through detection of KRAS mutations, in the identification of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) who are more likely to benefit from cetuximab. Objective.- To assess whetherKRASmutation status, determined by using the therascreen ...
Ciupa Alexander - - 2012
An efficient two-step synthesis of pyrazoline ligand is described which is an effective "turn on" fluorescent sensor for Cd(2+) in MeCN. Oxidation to the corresponding pyrazole ligand creates a "turn on" fluorescent sensor now selective for Zn(2+) and able to distinguish it from Cd(2+).
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