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Everett Meredith V - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Meiotic maps are a key tool for comparative genomics and association mapping studies. Next-generation sequencing and genotyping by sequencing are speeding the processes of SNP discovery and the development of new genetic tools, including meiotic maps for numerous species. Currently there are limited genetic resources for sockeye salmon, ...
Yao Rutao R Department of Nuclear Medicine, University at Buffalo, SUNY, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA. - - 2012
To achieve optimal PET image reconstruction through better system modeling, we developed a system matrix that is based on the probability density function for each line of response (LOR-PDF). The LOR-PDFs are grouped by LOR-to-detector incident angles to form a highly compact system matrix. The system matrix was implemented in ...
Rieger Torsten - - 2012
We present results about the growth of GaAs/InAs core-shell nanowires (NWs) using molecular beam epitaxy. The core is grown via the Ga droplet-assisted growth mechanism. For a homogeneous growth of the InAs shell, the As4 flux and substrate temperature are critical. The shell growth starts with InAs islands along the ...
Fonseca Fátima - - 2012
Carbapenems are the most potent β-lactam antibiotics and key drugs for treating infections by Gram-negative bacteria. In such organisms, β-lactam resistance arises principally from β-lactamase production. Although carbapenems escape the activity of most β-lactamases, due in the class A enzymes to slow deacylation of the covalent acylenzyme intermediate, carbapenem-hydrolyzing class ...
Lee Moonnoh R MR Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2013
Adenosine signaling is implicated in several neuropsychiatric disorders, including alcoholism. Among its diverse functions in the brain, adenosine regulates glutamate release and has an essential role in ethanol sensitivity and preference. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying adenosine-mediated glutamate signaling in neuroglial interaction remain elusive. We have previously shown that mice ...
Martínez-Criado Gema - - 2012
Theoretically core-multishell nanowires under a cross-section of hexagonal geometry should exhibit peculiar confinement effects. Using a hard X-ray nanobeam, here we show experimental evidence for carrier localization phenomena at the hexagon corners by combining synchrotron excited optical luminescence with simultaneous X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. Applied to single coaxial n-GaN/InGaN multiquantum-well/p-GaN nanowires, ...
Shin Junhwa - - 2012
A family of 3-methoxypoly(ethylene glycol)-vinyl ether-1,2-dioleylglycerol (mPEG-VE-DOG) lipopolymer conjugates, designed on the basis of DFT calculations to possess a wide range of proton affinities, was synthesized and tested for their hydrolysis kinetics in neutral and acidic buffers. Extruded ∼100 nm liposomes containing these constructs in ≥90 mol % 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE) ...
López-Barrón Carlos Rene - - 2012
The search for stable vesicular structures is a long standing topic of research because of the usefulness of these structures and the scarcity of surfactant systems that spontaneously form vesicles in true thermodynamic equilibrium. We report the first experimental evidence of spontaneous formation of vesicles for a pure cationic double ...
Gajula Praveen Kumar - - 2012
The first total synthesis of (29S,37S)-malevamide E (), a potent ion channel inhibitor, has been achieved in a convergent fashion involving Julia-Kocienski olefination, Urpi acetal aldol and Shiina macrolactonization reactions as the key steps. The strategy developed herein is amenable for the synthesis of the other possible isomers in search ...
Dolton M J - - 2012
Grapefruit juice is widely recognized to cause important drug interactions via inhibition of CYP3A4, and a wider variety of fruit juices have been shown to inhibit influx transporters in enterocytes known as organic anion-transporting polypeptides (OATPs). Fruit juice coadministration significantly reduces the oral bioavailability of numerous important medicines relying on ...
Singh Jasvinder A - - 2012
The objective of this study was to assess the frequency of, and risk factors for, periprosthetic fractures during and after shoulder arthroplasty. All adults treated with a primary total shoulder arthroplasty or humeral head replacement at the Mayo Clinic Medical Center from 1976 to 2008 were identified. Periprosthetic fractures were ...
Rieske Robert D - - 2012
Objective: Investigated the use of a combined scale (Worry/Depressed and Avoidant scales) from the Autism Spectrum Disorders-Comorbidity for Children (ASD-CC) as a measure of anxiety. Alternative methods of measuring anxiety were examined using the ASD-CC in an ASD population. Methods: Participants included 147 children, age 2-16 years, evincing a mixture ...
Yang H X - - 2012
A series of oxygen deficient LuFe(2)O(4-δ) materials have been prepared under a controlled oxygen partial-pressure atmosphere. Measurements of magnetization reveal that the increase of oxygen deficiencies could evidently depress the ferrimagnetic phase transition temperature (T(N)). In additional to the well-known charge ordering within the ([Formula: see text]) crystal plane, a ...
Costa Marcelo Fernandes - - 2012
Background: This study measured grating visual acuity in 173 children between 6-48 months of age who had different types of spastic cerebral palsy (CP). Method: Behavioural acuity was measured with the Teller Acuity Cards (TAC) using a staircase psychophysical procedure. Electrophysiological visual acuity was estimated using the sweep VEP (sVEP). ...
Ru Nan N Department of Orthodontics, Capital Medical University School of Stomatology, Beijing, - - 2013
To observe the real-time microarchitecture changes of the alveolar bone and root resorption during orthodontic treatment. A 10 g force was delivered to move the maxillary left first molars mesially in twenty 10-week-old rats for 14 days. The first molar and adjacent alveolar bone were scanned using in vivo microcomputed ...
Ihm Yungok - - 2012
We demonstrate the importance of London dispersion forces in defining the adsorption capacity within expanded graphite, a simple model of the more complex experimental geometries of activated carbon, using a combination of the non-local correlation functional of Dion et al paired with a recent exchange functional of Cooper (vdW-DF(C09x)) and a ...
Zhen Xin - - 2012
Computed tomography (CT) to cone-beam CT (CBCT) deformable image registration (DIR) is a crucial step in adaptive radiation therapy. Current intensity-based registration algorithms, such as demons, may fail in the context of CT-CBCT DIR because of inconsistent intensities between the two modalities. In this paper, we propose a variant of ...
Garcia Solange Cristina - - 2012
Several diseases and xenobiotics are known to generate reactive species that may trigger oxidative stress when not properly scavenged by the antioxidant defenses and result in tissue damage. We investigated lipid peroxidation (LPO) as a possible mechanism for tissue damage in some pathologies, in the normal aging process, and in ...
Fukui Kousuke - - 2012
In most mammals except for humanoid primates, eccrine glands are confined to the skin of a series of specific body regions. Sialic acids and antimicrobial substances exhibit various functional properties and serve as a component of nonspecific defense against micro-organisms, respectively. In this study, the distribution of these moieties was ...
Kamradt-Scott Adam - - 2012
Abstract The conventional response of governments to protect their populations against the threat of influenza has been to ensure adequate vaccine production and/or access to supplies of vaccines and antiviral medications. This focus has, in turn, shaped the global governance structures around pandemic influenza, with collective efforts centred on facilitating ...
Dappe Y J - - 2012
The interaction between graphene layers is analyzed combining local orbital DFT and second order perturbation theory. For this purpose we use the linear combination of atomic orbitals-orbital occupancy (LCAO-OO) formalism, that allows us to separate the interaction energy as the sum of a weak chemical interaction between graphene layers plus ...
Benskin Jonathan Philip - - 2012
Concentrations and isomer profiles for 24 per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) were monitored over 5 months (February-June, 2010) in municipal landfill leachate. These data were used to assess the role of perfluoroalkyl acid (PFAA) precursor degradation on changes in PFAA concentrations over time. The influence of total organic carbon, total ...
Surakka Ida - - 2012
Genome-wide association analysis on monozygotic twin-pairs offers a route to discovery of gene-environment interactions through testing for variability loci associated with sensitivity to individual environment/lifestyle. We present a genome-wide scan of loci associated with intra-pair differences in serum lipid and apolipoprotein levels. We report data for 1,720 monozygotic female twin-pairs ...
Franck Georg - - 2012
Scientific communication is a misnomer. The process of scientific publication is much less a forum where information is exchanged for information than a market where information is exchanged for attention. Nevertheless, the exchange of information for attention is a somewhat peculiar market, since it seems much more natural to sell ...
Zhang Xiaofeng - - 2012
The planar NNN-pincer complexes [M(II)(pyN(2)(Me2))(OH)](1-) (M(II) = Ni, Cu) fix CO(2) in η(1)-OCO(2)H complexes; results for the copper system are described. Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), and Zn(II) behave differently, forming [M(II)(pyN(2)(Me2))(2)](2-) with N(4)O(2) coordination. Incorporation of the Ni(II) pincer into binucleating macrocycle 2 containing a triamino M(II) locus connected by two ...
Krüger Tanja - - 2012
Greenlandic Inuit have high body burden of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). We analyzed the combined effect of the actual lipophilic serum POP mixture on estrogen-, androgen- and aryl hydrocarbon-receptor functions as effect biomarkers, and the associations between the effect biomarkers and serum POPs, and lifestyle characteristics. The serum POPs were ...
Weinelt Martin - - 2012
The past decade has seen a dramatic rise in interest in exploring the role that van der Waals (vdW) or dispersion forces play in materials and in material behavior. Part of this stems from the obvious fact that vdW interactions (and other weak forces, such as Casimir) underpin molecular recognition, ...
de Jong Maartje C - - 2012
Successful interactions with the environment entail interpreting ambiguous sensory information. To address this challenge it has been suggested that the brain optimizes performance through experience. Here we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate whether perceptual experience modulates the cortical circuits involved in visual awareness. Using ambiguous visual stimuli ...
Niebieskikwiat D - - 2012
We present a study of the magnetic properties of the Pr(0.5)Sr(0.5-x)Ca(x)MnO(3) manganite (x = 0.1 and 0.2) in the temperature region where phase separation occurs. This state is characterized by the presence of ferromagnetic (FM) inclusions inside an antiferromagnetic (AFM) matrix. The evolution of the magnetization (M) with magnetic field shows the ...
Kanski J - - 2012
Using synchrotron based photoemission, we have investigated the Mn-induced changes in Ga 3d core level spectra from as-grown Ga(1-x)Mn(x)As. Although Mn is located in Ga substitutional sites, and therefore does not have any Ga nearest neighbors, the impact of Mn on the Ga core level spectra is pronounced even at ...
Avet-Loiseau H H Unité de Génomique du Myélome, Laboratoire UGM, University Hospital, CHU Rangueil, Toulouse, - - 2013
The combination of serum β2-microglobulin and albumin levels has been shown to be highly prognostic in myeloma as the International Staging System (ISS). The aim of this study was to assess the independent contributions of ISS stage and cytogenetic abnormalities in predicting outcomes. A retrospective analysis of international studies looking ...
Gossman Michael S - - 2012
Five different models of Cyberonics, Inc. vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) therapy pulse generators were investigated for their stability under radiation and their ability to change the absorbed dose from incident radiation. X-ray beams of 6 MV and 18 MV were used to quantify these results up to clinical doses of ...
Bukanov Nikolay O - - 2012
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and other forms of PKD are associated with dysregulated cell cycle and proliferation. Although no effective therapy for the treatment of PKD is currently available, possible mechanism-based approaches are beginning to emerge. A therapeutic intervention targeting aberrant cilia-cell cycle connection using CDK-inhibitor R-roscovitine showed ...
Zachary Oblak E - - 2012
A direct route to analogs of the naturally occurring tropolone β-thujaplicin has been developed in just four steps from furan. Using this method, a series of derivatives were synthesized and evaluated. Several of these compounds demonstrated very high levels of potency against bacterial and fungal pathogens with good selectivity over ...
Tureck Kim - - 2012
Objective: Compare rates of externalizing in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms to children with ADHD. Method: Parents/caregivers of 85 children with ASD and/or ADHD were surveyed about their children's behaviours using the Autism Spectrum Disorders-Comorbidity for Children and the Autism Spectrum Disorders-Behaviour Problem ...
Liz-Marzán Luis M - - 2012
In this viewpoint we discuss the early contribution from Brust et al., which is not only the most cited paper ever published in Chem. Commun., but also a landmark in gold nanoparticle research and in nanotechnology. We provide here an overview of its major contributions and how the field has ...
Cui Ma-Lin - - 2012
Gold nanoclusters (AuNCs) were synthesized by a macromolecules template using bovine serum albumin (BSA) as stabilizer which can emit red photoluminescence under illumination of ultraviolet light. The fluorescence intensity of AuNCs enhanced through decreasing the surface defects of AuNCs modified with cysteine, herein we present a novel fluorometry for determination ...
Zhang Hongyang - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the cellular lipid metabolism associated with β-amyloid peptide (Aβ)-induced neurotoxicity as well as the neuroprotective effect of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a major polyphenol in green tea. An ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS)-based lipidomic approach was developed to screen and identify changes ...
Giorgio V - - 2012
Background  Severe pediatric slow transit constipation (STC) is commonly due to intrinsic colonic neuromuscular disease. We sought to correlate neuromuscular histological phenotypes in pediatric STC with colonic manometric phenotypes using high-resolution manometry (HRM). We tested the hypothesis that failure of motor quiescence (FQ) between bisacodyl-induced high amplitude propagating sequences (HAPSs) ...
Madren Seth M - - 2012
We report the development of an automated microfluidic "baby machine" to synchronize the bacterium Caulobacter crescentus on-chip and to move the synchronized populations downstream for analysis. The microfluidic device is fabricated from three layers of poly(dimethylsiloxane) and has integrated pumps and valves to control the movement of cells and media. ...
Souka Athena P - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the intra-observer and inter-observer variability of crown-rump length (CRL) and biparietal diameter (BPD) measurements in the first trimester. METHODS: A prospective observational study on 592 fetuses between 8 and 14 gestational weeks was conducted. Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs) were computed, and Bland-Altman analysis was ...
Klimchitskaya G L - - 2012
We propose a new experiment on the measurement of the Casimir force and its gradient between a Au-coated sphere and two different plates made of doped semiconductors. The concentrations of charge carriers in the plates are chosen slightly below and above the critical density at which the Mott-Anderson insulator-metal transition ...
Spice Andrew - - 2012
Literature on risk factors for recidivism among juveniles who have sexually offended (JSOs) is limited. In addition, there have been no studies published concerning protective factors among this population. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of risk and protective factors to sexual and nonsexual recidivism among ...
Eigemann Falk - - 2012
We studied bacterial associations with the green alga Desmodesmus armatus and the diatom Stephanodiscus minutulus under changing environmental conditions and bacterial source communities, to evaluate whether bacteria-algae associations are species-specific or more generalized, and determined by external factors. Axenic and xenic algae were incubated in situ with and without allelopathically-active ...
Hermann M - - 2012
Classical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and new selective inhibitors of cyclooxygenase-2(Cox-2 inhibitors) have been successfully used for several decades in the treatment of patients with chronic pain. In addition of their well known adverse gastrointestinal effects, these drugs have been recognized during recent years to increase cardiovascular risk. This risk ...
Lipski Witold J WJ Department of Neuroscience, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. - - 2013
The ventral subiculum (vSub) has been implicated in a wide range of neurocognitive functions, including responses to fear, stress, and anxiety. The vSub receives dense noradrenergic (NE) inputs from the locus coeruleus (LC), and the LC-NE system is heavily implicated in attention and is known to be activated by stressors. ...
Lucini M - - 2012
We report two cases of beta-thalassemia-induced osteoporosis. A man and a woman presented an osteoporosis at the densitometry and were treated with bisphoshonate iv. All the studies analysed the efficacity of bisphosphonate, in particular zoledronate seems to be effective. Concerning the pathogenesis, the RANK-RANK-Ligand and OPG play a major role ...
Suhre Karsten - - 2012
Many complex disorders are linked to metabolic phenotypes. Revealing genetic influences on metabolic phenotypes is key to a systems-wide understanding of their interactions with environmental and lifestyle factors in their aetiology, and we can now explore the genetics of large panels of metabolic traits by coupling genome-wide association studies and ...
Savic R M RM Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, INSERM, UMR, France. - - 2012
We investigated population pharmacokinetics and pharmacogenetics of ritonavir-boosted atazanavir (ATV), using drug intake times exactly recorded by the Medication Event Monitoring System. The ANRS 134-COPHAR 3 trial was conducted in 35 HIV-infected treatment-naive patients. ATV (300 mg), ritonavir (100 mg), and tenofovir (300 mg) + emtricitabine (200 mg), in bottles ...
Stevens Sara A - - 2012
Background: Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) exhibit difficulties in many cognitive and behavioral domains and also have high comorbidity with other disorders such as attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorder as well as autism. Although the FASD profile is shown to be distinct from ADHD and conduct ...
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