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Abay Simon - - 2012
We report on fabrication of InAs nanowires coupled to superconducting leads with high critical current and widely tunable conductance. We implemented a double lift-off nanofabrication method to get very short nanowire devices with Ohmic contacts. We observe very high critical currents of up to 800nA in a wire with a ...
Power Sarah Dianne - - 2012
Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) allow users to control external devices via brain activity alone, circumventing the somatic nervous system and the need for overt movement. Essential to BCI development is the ability to accurately detect and classify patterns of activation associated with different mental tasks. Here, we investigate the ability to ...
Martínez-Criado Gema - - 2012
Theoretically core-multishell nanowires under a cross-section of hexagonal geometry should exhibit peculiar confinement effects. Using a hard X-ray nanobeam, here we show experimental evidence for carrier localization phenomena at the hexagon corners by combining synchrotron excited optical luminescence with simultaneous X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. Applied to single coaxial n-GaN/InGaN multiquantum-well/p-GaN nanowires, ...
López-Barrón Carlos Rene - - 2012
The search for stable vesicular structures is a long standing topic of research because of the usefulness of these structures and the scarcity of surfactant systems that spontaneously form vesicles in true thermodynamic equilibrium. We report the first experimental evidence of spontaneous formation of vesicles for a pure cationic double ...
Gajula Praveen Kumar - - 2012
The first total synthesis of (29S,37S)-malevamide E (), a potent ion channel inhibitor, has been achieved in a convergent fashion involving Julia-Kocienski olefination, Urpi acetal aldol and Shiina macrolactonization reactions as the key steps. The strategy developed herein is amenable for the synthesis of the other possible isomers in search ...
Dolton M J - - 2012
Grapefruit juice is widely recognized to cause important drug interactions via inhibition of CYP3A4, and a wider variety of fruit juices have been shown to inhibit influx transporters in enterocytes known as organic anion-transporting polypeptides (OATPs). Fruit juice coadministration significantly reduces the oral bioavailability of numerous important medicines relying on ...
Schautz B - - 2012
Background/objective:Besides the effect of age used to define sarcopenia, there is need to understand the impact of adiposity on the relationship between lean (fat-free mass, FFM) and fat mass (FM) in order to diagnose sarcopenic obese phenotypes. More importantly, the regional distribution of skeletal muscle (SM) to adipose tissue (AT) ...
Li Chi-Lin - - 2012
Oligonucleotide (T30695) modified gold nanoparticles (T30695-Au NPs) have been prepared and employed for quantification of lead ions (Pb(2+)) in blood. The detection of Pb(2+) ions is through the formation of Au-Pb alloys and oligonucleotide-Pb(2+) complexes that catalyze the H(2)O(2)-mediated oxidation of non-fluorescent Amplex UltraRed (AUR) to form a highly fluorescent ...
Christoforidis Dimitrios - - 2012
Aim:  Avoiding "mini-laparotomy" to extract a colectomy specimen may decrease wound complications and further improve recovery after laparoscopic surgery. The aim of this study was to develop a new technique for transrectal specimen extraction (TRSE) and to compare it with conventional laparoscopic colectomy (CL). Method:  Eleven patients with benign disease ...
Everett Meredith V - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Meiotic maps are a key tool for comparative genomics and association mapping studies. Next-generation sequencing and genotyping by sequencing are speeding the processes of SNP discovery and the development of new genetic tools, including meiotic maps for numerous species. Currently there are limited genetic resources for sockeye salmon, ...
Rieger Torsten - - 2012
We present results about the growth of GaAs/InAs core-shell nanowires (NWs) using molecular beam epitaxy. The core is grown via the Ga droplet-assisted growth mechanism. For a homogeneous growth of the InAs shell, the As4 flux and substrate temperature are critical. The shell growth starts with InAs islands along the ...
Fonseca Fátima - - 2012
Carbapenems are the most potent β-lactam antibiotics and key drugs for treating infections by Gram-negative bacteria. In such organisms, β-lactam resistance arises principally from β-lactamase production. Although carbapenems escape the activity of most β-lactamases, due in the class A enzymes to slow deacylation of the covalent acylenzyme intermediate, carbapenem-hydrolyzing class ...
Djalali S - - 2012
Minimally invasive treatments of varicosis are increasingly establishing. Short and intermediate-term outcomes of endovenous treatments are satisfying: success rates are comparable with conventional surgery, whereas recovery is faster and complication rates are lower. Success rates are highest for endovenous laser ablation (EVLA). However, endovenous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has advanced. Its ...
Hyldgaard P - - 2012
The standard formulation of tunneling transport rests on an open-boundary modeling. There, conserving approximations to nonequilibrium Green function or quantum statistical mechanics provide consistent but computational costly approaches; alternatively, the use of density-dependent ballistic-transport calculations (e.g., Lang 1995 Phys. Rev. B 52 5335), here denoted 'DBT', provides computationally efficient (approximate) atomistic ...
Jelsma Jennifer - - 2012
Objective: To study the impact of training using the Nintendo Wii Fit in 14 children with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Methods: A single-subject single blinded design with multiple subjects and baselines was utilised. Interactive video gaming (IVG) in lieu of regular physiotherapy was given for 3 weeks. Outcome measures included ...
Varnum Susan M - - 2012
Skin responses to moderate and high doses of ionizing radiation include the induction of DNA repair, apoptosis and stress response pathways. Additionally, numerous studies indicate that radiation exposure leads to inflammatory responses in skin cells and tissue. However, the inflammatory response of skin tissue to low-dose radiation (≤10 cGy) is ...
Gordon Morris - - 2012
Educators in healthcare face significant challenges trying to improve interprofessional teamworking skills, with a lack of clarity on how to teach and evaluate such skills. Previously, the team objective structured clinical encounter (TOSCE) has been reported as a teaching and assessment tool, but it has been used primarily in homogenous ...
Karadag Ayse Serap - - 2012
Bullous pemphigoid is a chronic, acquired autoimmune skin disease. Certain drugs such as furosemide, penicillins, sulfonamides, ciprofloxacins, penicillamines, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, chloroquine, and phenacetin were reported to cause bullous pemphigoid. This is a case report of a 70-year-old female, who presented with the formation of diffuse cutaneous blister in ...
Bai Ligang - - 2012
Charge transfer in cobalt oxide Co(3)O(4) in the spinel structure is evidenced by experimental results using x-ray diffraction (XRD), x-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy, and Raman scattering at high pressures up to 42.1, 24.6 and 35.1 GPa, respectively. While the cubic structure was found to persist under pressure up ...
Song Tae-Jin - - 2012
Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is known to regulate processes involved in vascular injury and inflammation. We investigated the relationship between plasma OPG levels and stroke subtype, stroke severity at admission and functional outcome at 3 months in 172 patients with acute ischaemic stroke. Patients with large artery atherosclerosis and those with multiple ...
Lazorski Megan S - - 2012
A molecular triad assembly consisting of an electron donor, a bisphenanthrolinecopper(I) chromophore and an electron acceptor has been prepared. Under visible light excitation, this assembly undergoes efficient (ca. 50%), multi-step, photoinduced, charge-separated state formation. The di-radical-cation charge separated state has a lifetime of >100 ns and stores >1.0 V of ...
Dai Liming - - 2012
As global energy consumption accelerates at an alarming rate, the develop- ment of clean and renewable energy conversion and storage systems has become more important than ever. Although the efficiency of energy conversion and storage devices depends on a variety of factors, their overall performance strongly relies on the structure ...
McCarrel Taralyn M - - 2012
Numerous methods are available for platelet-rich plasma (PRP) generation, but evidence defining the optimum composition is lacking. We hypothesized that leukocyte-reduced PRP would result in lower inflammatory cytokine expression compared with concentrated-leukocyte PRP and that maintaining the platelet:white blood cell (WBC) ratio would compensate for the effect of increased WBC ...
Wang Shenlin - - 2012
Protein-protein interactions play critical roles in cellular function and oligomerization of membrane proteins is a commonly observed phenomenon. Determining the oligomerization state and defining the intermolecular interface in the bilayer is generally a difficult task. Here, we use site-specific spin labeling to demonstrate that relaxation enhancements induced by covalently attached ...
Huskens Bibi - - 2012
Objective: This study examined the effectiveness of instruction and video feedback on staff's ABA skills during one-to-one play situations and initiations of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Methods: Data were collected within a multiple baseline design across 5 dyads. A continuous 20 s interval recording system was used to record ...
Agnew C E - - 2012
This study aims to evaluate the use of Varian radiotherapy dynamic treatment log (DynaLog) files to verify IMRT plan delivery as part of a routine quality assurance procedure. Delivery accuracy in terms of machine performance was quantified by multileaf collimator (MLC) position errors and fluence delivery accuracy for patients receiving ...
Jung Michael E - - 2012
Two catalysts, Me(2)AlNTf(2) and MeAl(NTf(2))(2), derived from the mixing of trimethylaluminum with triflimide, proved to be highly effective catalysts in hindered Diels-Alder reactions, generating the desired Diels-Alder cycloadducts from both hindered 2-silyloxydienes and hindered dienophiles. Thus reaction of 1 with 2 afforded the hindered cycloadduct 4 in excellent yield in ...
Polander Lauren Elizabeth - - 2012
Ozonolysis of the 2,6-divinyl derivative of a naphthalene diimide (NDI) affords a 2,6-diformyl-NDI, which can be used in Knoevenagel condensation reactions, as demonstrated by the synthesis of a 2,6-bis(2,2-dicyanovinyl)-NDI. UV-vis absorption and electrochemical data are compared to those of the parent NDI.
Londero Elisa - - 2012
A recent study of temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) measurements of small linear alkane molecules (n-alkanes, with formula C(N)H(2N+2)) from C(0001) deposited on Pt(111) shows a linear relationship of the desorption energy with increasing n-alkane chain length N. We here present a van der Waals density functional study of the desorption barrier ...
Joo Piljae - - 2012
A facile method for achieving optical switching of the Dirac point and conductance in reduced graphene oxide multilayer FETs that are non-covalently functionalized with a photo-responsive spiropyran derivative is presented. The photoresponsive transition from spiropyran to merocyanine induces the reversible optical switching in graphene based FETs.
Edelstyn N M J - - 2012
This study reports a patient, OG, with a unilateral right-sided thalamic lesion. High resolution 3T magnetic resonance imaging revealed damage to the parvicellular and magnocellular subdivisions of the dorsomedial thalamus (DMT), the central lateral intralaminar nucleus (also known as the paralamellar DMT), the paraventricular and the central medial midline thalamic ...
Fujii Yukiko - - 2012
A gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and electron-capture negative ionization (ECNI) method was developed to quantify perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs) in composite dietary samples. Benzyl esterification was used for pretreatment before PFCAs analysis. This stabilized the benzyl radical leaving group preferentially, and gave carboxylic anions of the PFCAs with ECNI. The method ...
Baverel Gabriel - - 2012
1. Unlike cell lines and primary cells in culture, precision-cut tissue slices remain metabolically differentiated for at least 24-48 h and allow to study the effect of xenobiotics during short-term and long-term incubations. 2. In this article, we illustrate the use of such an experimental model to study the nephrotoxic effects of (i) ...
Ganagona N - - 2012
The formation of the divacancy-oxygen centre (V(2)O) in p-type Czochralski-grown silicon has been investigated by means of deep level transient spectroscopy (DLTS). The donor state (+/0) of V(2)O is located at ∼E(v) + 0.23 eV (E(v) denotes the valence band edge) and emerges during heat treatment above 200 °C at the expense of the ...
Seeherman Howard J - - 2012
Transient bone resorption limits the use of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2)/absorbable collagen sponge in metaphyseal bone. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of rhBMP-2/calcium phosphate matrix (CPM) to induce bone formation while limiting transient bone resorption in nonhuman primate core defects. Metaphyseal core ...
Stoeck Ulrich - - 2012
A highly porous metal-organic framework Cu(2)(BBCDC) (BBCDC = 9,9'-([1,1'-b[combining low line]iphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)b[combining low line]is(9H-c[combining low line]arbazole-3,6-d[combining low line]ic[combining low line]arboxylate) (DUT-49) with a specific surface area of 5476 m(2) g(-1), a pore volume of 2.91 cm(3) g(-1), a H(2) excess uptake of 80 mg g(-1) (77 K, 50 bar), a CO(2) ...
Hızlı Deniz - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to compare cord blood S100B levels and cord blood gas parameters of term infants with meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) to those infants with clear amniotic fluid. Methods: Term pregnant women at an active phase of labor and having MSAF were defined ...
Bjørnvig Thore - - 2012
Abstract The Danish silent movie Himmelskibet (in English, A Trip to Mars or The Sky Ship) premiered in 1918, and a novelization of the movie appeared in 1921. The film is about a trip to Mars and portrays a Martian civilization that embraces a life of peace, vegetarianism, and non-alcoholism. ...
Martin Todd M - - 2012
Prior to using a quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) model for external predictions, its predictive power should be established and validated. In the absence of a true external data set, the best way to validate the predictive ability of a model is to perform its statistical external validation. In statistical ...
Nijem Nour - - 2012
The adsorption energies of small molecules in nanoporous materials are often determined by isotherm measurements. The nature of the interaction and the response of the host material, however, can best be studied by spectroscopic methods. We show here that infrared absorption and Raman spectroscopy measurements together with density functional theory ...
Sharma Prabodh Chander - - 2012
Heterocycles bearing nitrogen, sulphur and thiazole moieties constitute the core structure of a number of biologically interesting compounds. Benzothiazole, a group of xenobiotic compounds containing a benzene ring fused with a thiazole ring, are used worldwide for a variety of therapeutic applications. Benzothiazole and their heterocyclic derivatives represent an important ...
Chen Jing - - 2012
Radon and its decay products have been identified as the second leading cause of lung cancer after tobacco smoking. Thoron is an isotope of radon. With increased awareness of radon, questions related to thoron are arising from the public. Currently, only radon detectors are commonly available to Canadian homeowners. A ...
Pastore Antonio Luigi - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: Transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) still represents the gold standard in the surgical treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The most frequent complication is represented by intra- and perioperative bleeding. Preoperative use of 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors (finasteride or dutasteride) to reduce surgical bleeding is still a topic of ...
Veldhuis Sjoerd A - - 2012
Surface areas of typically 5x5 mm2 were patterned with high aspect ratio micron- and submicron-sized structures of yttria-stabilized zirconia using a combination of micromolding in capillaries and sol-gel chemistry. The influence of precursor solution concentration and mold geometry on the final shape and dimensions of the patterned structures was investigated. ...
Longhi S - - 2012
In the framework of the Hubbard model, it is shown that approximate dynamic localization for strongly correlated electrons hopping on a one-dimensional lattice and driven by a high-frequency sinusoidal field can be realized provided that periodic π phase slips are impressed into the sinusoidal field. A possible experimental demonstration of ...
Rieske Robert D - - 2012
Objective: Investigated the use of a combined scale (Worry/Depressed and Avoidant scales) from the Autism Spectrum Disorders-Comorbidity for Children (ASD-CC) as a measure of anxiety. Alternative methods of measuring anxiety were examined using the ASD-CC in an ASD population. Methods: Participants included 147 children, age 2-16 years, evincing a mixture ...
Yang H X - - 2012
A series of oxygen deficient LuFe(2)O(4-δ) materials have been prepared under a controlled oxygen partial-pressure atmosphere. Measurements of magnetization reveal that the increase of oxygen deficiencies could evidently depress the ferrimagnetic phase transition temperature (T(N)). In additional to the well-known charge ordering within the ([Formula: see text]) crystal plane, a ...
Costa Marcelo Fernandes - - 2012
Background: This study measured grating visual acuity in 173 children between 6-48 months of age who had different types of spastic cerebral palsy (CP). Method: Behavioural acuity was measured with the Teller Acuity Cards (TAC) using a staircase psychophysical procedure. Electrophysiological visual acuity was estimated using the sweep VEP (sVEP). ...
Ihm Yungok - - 2012
We demonstrate the importance of London dispersion forces in defining the adsorption capacity within expanded graphite, a simple model of the more complex experimental geometries of activated carbon, using a combination of the non-local correlation functional of Dion et al paired with a recent exchange functional of Cooper (vdW-DF(C09x)) and a ...
Garcia Solange Cristina - - 2012
Several diseases and xenobiotics are known to generate reactive species that may trigger oxidative stress when not properly scavenged by the antioxidant defenses and result in tissue damage. We investigated lipid peroxidation (LPO) as a possible mechanism for tissue damage in some pathologies, in the normal aging process, and in ...
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