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Results 251 - 300 of 3887
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von Geldern Gloria - - 2012
The effect of nutrition and dietary supplements on the course of multiple sclerosis (MS) is a topic of great interest to both patients and clinicians. In particular, vitamin D status has been shown to influence both the incidence and the course of MS. High vitamin D levels are probably protective ...
Laakso Virpi - - 2012
Aim Primary care patients are commonly worried about their complaints when consulting their doctor. Knowing the reasons behind patients' worries would enhance consultation practices. The aim of this study was to find out the reasons patients themselves give for their worries before a consultation and for possible relief or persistent ...
Dong Charlotte X - - 2012
Dysregulation of nutrient homeostasis is implicated in the current epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The maintenance of homeostasis in the setting of repeated cycles of feeding and fasting occurs through complex interactions between metabolic, hormonal and neural factors. Although pancreatic islets, the liver, muscle, adipocytes and the ...
Scalco Nayara - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated Guarani village interviewees' diet changes over time, their perceptions about the changes and the effects of these changes on their health. DESIGN: The study employed qualitative methods with a sample of Guarani Indians selected by snowball sampling. Ethnographic methods and techniques included field diaries, informal ...
Chevalier Y - - 2012
Background and Objectives  Total knee replacement (TKR) is the treatment of choice in case of end-stage knee arthropathy, the main complication of haemophilia. We report here a retrospective evaluation of 72 total knee replacement in 51 haemophilia A and B patients using continuous infusion of factor concentrates (CIFC). Materials and ...
Oh Dae-Ju - - 2012
The taxonomic relationship between two Korean field mice species, Apodemus agrarius coreae and A. a. chejuensis, as well as their possible historic migration routes, was examined by molecular genetic analysis of the complete mitochondrial cytochrome b gene of 73 mice collected from the Korean Peninsula and Jeju Island. Our findings ...
Boukhris Maher - - 2012
Pelargonium graveolens (Geraniaceae) was characterized with respect to its chemical composition, antioxidant potential and antimicrobial activities. This is the first investigation focusing on the comparison of both essential oil and polar extracts from this species. The chemical composition of the essential oil of the aerial parts of P. graveolens was ...
Lhuillier Emmanuel - - 2012
HgTe colloidal quantum dots (CQD) in an inorganic As(2) S(3) matrix allow 100-fold higher mobility with optimized transport properties compared to HgTe-organic CQD film while remaining intrinsic. The material's electronic properties are measured by field effect transistors as a function of temperature and the responsivity and detectivity of the mid-IR ...
Lam Walter Y H - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare "survival" and "success" of implant-supported crowns (ISC) and tooth-supported 2-unit cantilevered resin-bonded bridges (cRBB) in the rehabilitation of a bounded single tooth space (BSTS), after an observation period of ≥5 years. METHODS: A case-control study among subjects who received ISC or cRBB rehabilitation at a teaching hospital. The ...
Larif Sofiene S a Faculty of Medicine of Sousse, Metabolic Biophysics and Applied Pharmacology Laboratory, Department of Biophysics , Avenue Mohamed Karoui , Sousse , 4002 , - - 2013
Thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) is an important enzyme that metabolizes thiopurine drugs. This enzyme exhibits a large number of interindividual polymorphism. TPMT(∗)23 polymorphism has been reported in a few cases in the world in co-dominance with TPMT(∗)3A. The phenotype has been reported to affect enzyme activity in vivo and in vitro. ...
Wiener Thomas - - 2012
Abstract Microstructural heterogeneities in cardiac tissue, such as embedded connective tissue secondary to fibrosis, may lead to complex patterns of electrical activation that are reflected in the fractionation of extracellularly recorded electrograms. The decomposition of such electrograms into non-fractionated components is expected to provide additional information to allow a more ...
Huang Chiun-Wei - - 2012
Although various activatable optical probes have been developed to visualize the metalloproteinases (MMPs) activities in vivo, precise quantification of the enzyme activity is limited due to the inherent scattering and attenuation (limited depth penetration) properties of optical imaging. In this investigation, a novel activatable peptide probe 64Cu-BBQ650TM-PLGVR-K(Cy5.5)-E-K(DOTA)-OH was constructed to ...
Yang Jin-Quan - - 2012
In this study, we sequenced the complete mitochondrial genome of Scaphiodonichthys acanthopterus (Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae). This mitochondrial genome, consisting of 16,612 base pairs (bp), encoded genes for 13 protein-coding genes, two ribosomal RNAs, 22 transfer RNAs, and one non-coding control region as those found in other vertebrates, with the gene order ...
Nishibu Miyuki - - 2012
Selective recognition and photodegradation of a monosaccharide, octyl β-d-glucopyranoside, was achieved without any additives under neutral conditions using an anthracene-Kemp's acid hybrid and long-wavelength UV irradiation.
Reed Mary - - 2012
Physicians can receive federal payments for meaningful use of complete certified electronic health records (EHRs). Evidence is limited on how EHR use affects clinical care and outcomes. To examine the association between use of a commercially available certified EHR and clinical care processes and disease control in patients with diabetes. ...
Zhang Dengsong - - 2012
Because of their excellent properties and extensive applications, ceria nanomaterials have attracted much attention in recent years. This perspective provides a comprehensive review of current research activities that focus on the shape-controlled synthesis methods of ceria nanostructures. We elaborate on the synthesis strategies in the following four sections: (i) oriented ...
Renz Manuel - - 2012
The Robin/Day class II/III mixed-valence character is established quantum-chemically for a series of mixed-valence diquinone radical anions. Particular emphasis is placed on the radical anion of tetrathiafulvalenedibenzoquinone, Q-TTF-Q, which has recently been used to evaluate constrained density functional approaches (CDFT) and new range hybrid functionals. Using a computational protocol based ...
Saha Debasree - - 2012
An efficient Sonogashira coupling of terminal alkynes and styrenyl bromides has been achieved under the catalysis of hydroxyapatite-supported copper (I). The trans-styrenyl bromides produce the usual trans-en-yne products, whereas the cis- styrenyl bromides lead to unsymmetric 1,3-diynes by the cross coupling of terminal alkyne and the alkyne generated from the ...
Plancher Gaën - - 2012
A range of empirical findings suggest that active learning is important for memory. However, few studies have focused on the mechanisms underlying this enactment effect in episodic memory using complex environments. Research using virtual reality has yielded inconsistent results. We postulated that the effect of action depends on the degree ...
Weitz Nicole A NA School of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New - - 2013
We present a case of a large congenital hemangioma (CH) on the neck causing cardiac failure and thrombocytopenia in a female neonate. A trial of medical therapy with corticosteroids and propranolol was attempted, but the patient ultimately underwent definitive treatment with embolization and surgical resection with a positive outcome. A ...
Lindqvist Gunilla - - 2012
Aim To describe conceptions of daily life in men living with a woman suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in different stages of the disease. BACKGROUND: A chronic disease like COPD affects not only the person living with the illness, but also the spouse. Significant tasks and demands are ...
Nolte Kim - - 2012
Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefits and limitations of using three dimensional (3D) musculoskeletal modelling (LifeModeler(TM)) in assessing the safety and efficacy of exercising on an abdominal crunch resistance training machine. Three anthropometric cases were studied, representing a 5(th) percentile female, and 50(th) percentile and ...
de Bruin Eveline A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between mean corpuscular volume (MCV), carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT), and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) levels and gray and white brain matter in male drinkers to find out which if any of these biomarkers of alcohol consumption is indicative for alcohol-related differences in brain volume. METHOD: Plasma levels ...
Iannucci Glen J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Necrotising enterocolitis is a rare, though catastrophic complication that may occur in term newborns with congenital heart disease. There is considerable controversy regarding the factors that lead to necrotising enterocolitis in this population. We sought to determine the incidence of necrotising enterocolitis among term and near-term newborns with congenital ...
Brown Kate L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To categorise records according to primary cardiac diagnosis in the United Kingdom Central Cardiac Audit Database in order to add this information to a risk adjustment model for paediatric cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Codes from the International Paediatric Congenital Cardiac Code were mapped to recognisable primary cardiac diagnosis groupings, allocated ...
Sadowska-Woda Izabela - - 2012
Abstract It has been suggested lately that erythrocytes contribute significantly to the oxidant scavenging capacity (OSC) of blood and that surface adsorption of polyphenols enhances the antioxidant capacity of erythrocytes. The aim of this study was to examine the contribution of erythrocytes to the OSC of whole blood measured with ...
Gumennik Alexander - - 2012
A new all-in-fiber trace-level chemical sensing approach is demonstrated. Photoconductive structures, embedded directly into the fiber cladding along its entire length, capture light emitted anywhere within the fiber's hollow core and transform it directly into an electrical signal. Localized signal transduction circumvents problems associated with conventional fiber-optics, including limited signal ...
Toma Luminita Marilena - - 2012
We herein present the synthesis and magneto-structural study of a new family of heterobimetallic chains of general formula {[Fe(III)(dmbpy)(CN)(4)](2)M(II)(H(2)O)(2)}(n)·pnH(2)O [dmbpy = 4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine; M = Mn (), Cu (), Ni () and Co () with p = 4 (), 3 (), 9 () and 3.5 ()] which were prepared by using ...
Chen Tianyou - - 2012
Organic-inorganic hybrid mesoporous polymers were successfully synthesized by using a template-directed free radical polymerization technique in aqueous solution at 0-5 oC with oxidative complexes as self-decomposed soft templates. The oxidative complexes ((CTA)2S2O8), which were formed between anionic oxidant (S2O82-) and cationic surfactant (cetyl trimethylammonium bromide, CTAB) at 0-5 oC, can ...
Franklin Robin J M - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease that is considered by many people to have an autoimmune aetiology. In recent years, new data emerging from histopathology, imaging and other studies have expanded our understanding of the disease and may change the way in which it is treated. Conceptual shifts ...
Sakamaki Kazuhiro - - 2012
FADD is an adaptor protein that transmits apoptotic signals from death receptors. Additionally, FADD has been shown to play a role in various functions including cell proliferation. However, the physiological role of FADD during embryonic development remains to be delineated. Here, we show the novel roles FADD plays in development ...
Tyner Sophie E - - 2012
World Youth Day 2008 was held in Sydney, Australia in July 2008. New South Wales (NSW) Health, the government health provider in Australia's most populous state, worked with partner agencies to provide medical services via on-site medical units at key event venues. A post-event review of medical records from the ...
Li Qilu - - 2012
This study presents the first investigation of concentrations and congener group patterns of atmospheric short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) throughout East Asia. Based on an absorption rate calibration experiment, a spatial survey of SCCPs was performed using passive air samplers in China, Japan and South Korea during two separate periods in ...
Qian Qin - - 2012
Direct selective determination of cysteine in the cerebral system is of great importance because of the crucial roles of cysteine in physiological and pathological processes. In this study, we report a sensitive and selective colorimetric assay for cysteine in the rat brain with gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs) as the signal readout. ...
Zuber Julien J Service de Transplantation Rénale Adulte, Hôpital Necker, 161 rue de Sèvres, 75015 Paris, - - 2012
In the past decade, a large body of evidence has accumulated in support of the critical role of dysregulation of the alternative complement pathway in atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome (aHUS) and C3 glomerulopathies. These findings have paved the way for innovative therapeutic strategies based on complement blockade, and eculizumab, a ...
Keser Serhat - - 2012
Grape is one of the world's largest fruit crops, with an approximate annual production of 58 million metric tons, and it is well known that the grape skins, seeds and stems, waste products generated during wine and grape juice processing, are rich sources of polyphenols. It contains flavonoids, phenolic acids ...
Liao Wenting - - 2012
HIV-1 Tat protein is released by infected cells and can affect bystander uninfected T cells and induce numerous biological responses which contribute to its pathogenesis. To elucidate the complex pathogenic mechanism, we conducted a comprehensive investigation on Tat protein-related extracellular and intracellular metabolic changes in Jurkat T-cells using combined gas ...
You Yun-Wen - - 2012
Based on a scanning electron microscope operated at 30 kV with a homemade specimen holder and a multiangle solid-state detector behind the sample, low-kV scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) is presented with subsequent electron tomography for three-dimensional (3D) volume structure. Because of the low acceleration voltage, the stronger electron-atom scattering ...
Diependaele Kevin - - 2012
We investigate the origin of differences in the word frequency effect between native speakers and second-language speakers. In a large-scale analysis of English word identification times we find that group-level differences are fully accounted for by the individual language proficiency scores. Furthermore, exactly the same quantitative relation between word frequency ...
Rao K Venkata - - 2012
Mixing it up! The supramolecular alternate co-assembly of extended π-conjugated donor (D) and acceptor (A) molecules (i.e., oligo(phenylenevinylene) and perylenebisimide, respectively), to 1-D nanotubes with an unprecedented mixed stack D-A molecular structure is presented, through a non-covalent amphiphilic design strategy, which results in the formation of hydrogels with remarkable mechanical ...
Firth Jill - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Participants with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) report that foot ulceration has an impact on their health-related quality of life (HRQL) across physical, social and psychological domains. What is not known is how experiences of healthcare provision influence HRQL. The present study set out to map the patent journey while integrating ...
Xia Tian - - 2012
UC CEIN was established with funding from the US National Science Foundation and the US Environmental Protection Agency in 2008 with the mission to study the impact of nanotechnology on the environment, including the identification of hazard and exposure scenarios that take into consideration the unique physicochemical properties of engineered ...
Wettach Carmen - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To provide the first update on drug safety profiles and adverse drug reactions (ADRs) associated with fetal disorders from the Swiss national ADR database. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study using data from 202 pharmacovigilance reports on drug-associated fetal disorders from the Swiss national ADR database from 1990 ...
Guan Guijian - - 2012
To achieve the selectivity in direct chemiluminescence (CL) detection is very significant and a great challenge as well. Here, we report a novel concept of developing intrinsically selective CL switching at surface of Fe3O4 nanoparticles for the sensitive detection and simultaneous determination of various pesticides. Fe3O4 nanoparticles have peroxidase-like catalytic ...
Sanchez Sophie - - 2012
The recent developments of phase-contrast synchrotron imaging techniques have been of great interest for paleontologists, providing three-dimensional (3D) tomographic images of anatomical structures, thereby leading to new paleobiological insights and the discovery of new species. However, until now, it has not been used on features smaller than 5-7 μm voxel ...
Cazottes Sophie - - 2012
The microstructure of Cu80Fe10Ni10 (at. %) granular ribbons was investigated by means of three-dimensional field ion microscopy (3D FIM). This ribbon is composed of magnetic precipitates embedded in a nonmagnetic matrix. The magnetic precipitates have a diameter smaller than 5 nm in the as-spun state and are coherent with the ...
Dang Dong-Bin - - 2012
A 2D Wells-Dawson-based silver(i) coordination polymer was achieved based on silver-Schiff base building blocks and [P(2)Mo(18)O(62)](6-) clusters using AgNO(3), N,N'-bis(furan-2-ylmethylene)hydrazine and Keggin [PMo(12)O(40)](3-) as original materials at room temperature. It is structurally characterized by IR spectroscopy, (31)P NMR, XRPD, thermogravimetric (TG) analyses and X-ray crystallography. The structure of exhibits a ...
Chen Xiao - - 2012
The complete mitogenomes of the endangered Asian giant softshell turtle Pelochelys cantorii (Testudinata: Trionychidae) were first determined from two living specimens, with the lengths of 17,612 and 17,499 bp, which showed the typical mitogenomic characteristics of vertebrates. An A+1 frameshift mutation at position 174 of the ND3 gene was identified. Seven ...
Meng Xueping - - 2012
The mitochondrial genome sequence of Coelomactra antiquata (Mollusca: Bivalvia) in Zhangzhou (zz-mtDNA) was fully sequenced and compared with that in Rizhao (rz-mtDNA) in this study. A tRNA (tRNA(Met)) located between tRNA(Ala) and cox1 genes was identified in zz-mtDNA but not in rz-mtDNA. The largest non-coding region (NCR; MNR) contained 11 ...
Petchsang Nattasamon - - 2012
The electrostatic alignment and directed assembly of semiconductor nanowires into macroscopic, centimeter-long yarns is demonstrated. Different morphologies can be produced, including longitudinally segmented/graded yarns or mixed composition fibers. Nanowire yarns display long range photoconductivities and open up exciting opportunities for potential use in future nanowire-based textiles or in solar photovoltaics.
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