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Results 201 - 250 of 3884
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Jiang Tao-Shan - - 2012
A palladium-catalyzed ortho-alkoxylation of anilides with both primary and secondary alcohols via ligand-directed C-H activation has been explored. This alkoxylation promoted by catalytic methanesulfonic acid proceeds well at room temperature in most cases and affords aryl alkyl ethers in moderate to good yields.
Hess Henry - - 2012
A corollary of the Bell equation of bond rupture is that the bond transfers a maximal impulse during its lifetime when the applied force equals k(B)T/x*. It is proposed that the designs of biological systems converge toward loading bonds with this optimal force to minimize the need for self-healing and ...
Schmidt Franz-Philipp - - 2012
We map the complete plasmonic spectrum of silver nanodisks by electron energy loss spectroscopy and show that the mode which couples strongest to the electron beam has radial symmetry with no net dipole moment. Therefore, this mode does not couple to light and has escaped from observation in optical experiments. ...
Thompson Seonaid M - - 2012
Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue samples represent a tremendous potential resource for biomarker discovery, with large numbers of samples in hospital pathology departments and links to clinical information. However, the cross-linking of proteins and nucleic acids by formalin fixation has hampered analysis and proteomic studies have been restricted to using frozen ...
Zhang Dengsong - - 2012
Because of their excellent properties and extensive applications, ceria nanomaterials have attracted much attention in recent years. This perspective provides a comprehensive review of current research activities that focus on the shape-controlled synthesis methods of ceria nanostructures. We elaborate on the synthesis strategies in the following four sections: (i) oriented ...
Renz Manuel - - 2012
The Robin/Day class II/III mixed-valence character is established quantum-chemically for a series of mixed-valence diquinone radical anions. Particular emphasis is placed on the radical anion of tetrathiafulvalenedibenzoquinone, Q-TTF-Q, which has recently been used to evaluate constrained density functional approaches (CDFT) and new range hybrid functionals. Using a computational protocol based ...
Schlischewsky E - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is an important pathogen after lung transplant (LTx) and may be associated with bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). We assessed the outcome of LTx patients with CMV DNA-positive bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) during surveillance. METHODS: A single-center retrospective study was performed. Outpatients transplanted between September 2007 and February 2010, ...
Wiener Thomas - - 2012
Abstract Microstructural heterogeneities in cardiac tissue, such as embedded connective tissue secondary to fibrosis, may lead to complex patterns of electrical activation that are reflected in the fractionation of extracellularly recorded electrograms. The decomposition of such electrograms into non-fractionated components is expected to provide additional information to allow a more ...
Huang Chiun-Wei - - 2012
Although various activatable optical probes have been developed to visualize the metalloproteinases (MMPs) activities in vivo, precise quantification of the enzyme activity is limited due to the inherent scattering and attenuation (limited depth penetration) properties of optical imaging. In this investigation, a novel activatable peptide probe 64Cu-BBQ650TM-PLGVR-K(Cy5.5)-E-K(DOTA)-OH was constructed to ...
Yang Jin-Quan - - 2012
In this study, we sequenced the complete mitochondrial genome of Scaphiodonichthys acanthopterus (Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae). This mitochondrial genome, consisting of 16,612 base pairs (bp), encoded genes for 13 protein-coding genes, two ribosomal RNAs, 22 transfer RNAs, and one non-coding control region as those found in other vertebrates, with the gene order ...
Nishibu Miyuki - - 2012
Selective recognition and photodegradation of a monosaccharide, octyl β-d-glucopyranoside, was achieved without any additives under neutral conditions using an anthracene-Kemp's acid hybrid and long-wavelength UV irradiation.
Grassl Julia - - 2012
An individually darkened leaf model was used to study protein changes in the Arabidopsis mutant stay-green1 (sgr1) to partially mimic the process of leaf covering senescence that occurs naturally in the shaded rosettes of Arabidopsis plants. Utilising this controlled and predictable induced senescence model has allowed the direct comparison of ...
Ying Lei - - 2012
All-conjugated triblock polyfluorenes with well-defined molecular weights and low polydispersities are synthesized via chain-growth Suzuki-Miyaura polymerization. Ionization of pendant alkylbromide chains by pyridine affords amphiphilic triblock polyelectrolytes with neutral/charged/neutral or charged/neutral/charged segments. The immiscible blocks lead to aggregation in polar and nonpolar solvents, and to complex surface morphologies depending on ...
He Xiao - - 2012
Quantifying and imaging the engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) in vivo can provide information on the bio-distribution and fate of ENMs in living systems. A necessary amount of in vivo quantitative data is indispensable to verify the extrapolation from in vitro tests, to modify the predictive models of ENM exposure, and to ...
Saha Debasree - - 2012
An efficient Sonogashira coupling of terminal alkynes and styrenyl bromides has been achieved under the catalysis of hydroxyapatite-supported copper (I). The trans-styrenyl bromides produce the usual trans-en-yne products, whereas the cis- styrenyl bromides lead to unsymmetric 1,3-diynes by the cross coupling of terminal alkyne and the alkyne generated from the ...
Plancher Gaën - - 2012
A range of empirical findings suggest that active learning is important for memory. However, few studies have focused on the mechanisms underlying this enactment effect in episodic memory using complex environments. Research using virtual reality has yielded inconsistent results. We postulated that the effect of action depends on the degree ...
Chang Kai-Hsiung - - 2012
The survival benefit conferred by two hormonal agents in phase III trials has clinically validated the long suspected and now widely recognized phenomenon of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) hormone dependence. Abiraterone inhibits steroid 17α-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase (CYP17A1) and blocks androgen synthesis, whereas enzalutamide directly binds and antagonizes the androgen receptor. Both agents ...
Rao K Venkata - - 2012
Mixing it up! The supramolecular alternate co-assembly of extended π-conjugated donor (D) and acceptor (A) molecules (i.e., oligo(phenylenevinylene) and perylenebisimide, respectively), to 1-D nanotubes with an unprecedented mixed stack D-A molecular structure is presented, through a non-covalent amphiphilic design strategy, which results in the formation of hydrogels with remarkable mechanical ...
Pae Chi-Un - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A number of operational definitions have been proposed to describe outcomes in bipolar disorders; the criteria used to define terms such as recurrence, relapse, response, remission and recovery have varied both in observational studies and in clinical trials. We carried out a post hoc analysis of rates ...
Dong Xin - - 2012
Amoxicillin (AMO) degrades in plasma at room temperature and readily undergoes hydrolysis by the plasma amidase. In this paper, a novel, rapid and sensitive LC-MS/MS method operated in segmental and multiple reaction monitoring has been developed for the simultaneous determination of amoxicillin and ambroxol in human plasma. The degradation of ...
Zeckert Kornelia - - 2012
The reactions of the tris(pyridyl)tin(ii) derivative [Li(thf)Sn(2-py(R))(3)] (py(R) = C(5)H(3)N-5-Me) () with the heavier group 13 alkyl compounds MEt(3), M = Ga or In, have been carried out. These led to formation of [{Li(thf)Sn(2-py(R))(3)}MEt(3)] adducts, which exhibit long Sn-M bonds and can be used for further lanthanoid metal coordination via ...
Bousova Katerina - - 2012
A fast and reliable multiresidue method is reported for the identification and quantification of 36 different compounds from seven different classes of antibiotics (aminoglycosides, sulfonamides, macrolides, quinolones, tetracyclines, lincosamides and trimethoprim) in milk. Automated online sample cleanup was applied using turbulent flow chromatography (Transcend TLX system), directly coupled to a ...
Roiban Lucian - - 2012
A three-dimensional (3D) study of multiphase nanostructures by chemically selective electron tomography combining tomographic approach and energy-filtered imaging is reported. The implementation of this technique at the nanometer scale requires careful procedures for data acquisition, computing, and analysis. Based on the performances of modern transmission electron microscopy equipment and on ...
Fechler Nina - - 2012
A facile method to fabricate high-surface area functional carbons via convenient "salt templating" is presented. Exemplarily, nitrogen- as well as nitrogen-/boron-co-doped carbons were synthesized using ionic liquids as precursors and eutectics as porogen. The porogen is easily removable with water and the porosities can be adjusted from micro- to mesoporous ...
Lai S - - 2012
An organic ultra-low voltage field effect transistor for DNA hybridization detection is presented. The transduction mechanism is based on a field-effect modulation due to the electrical charge of the oligonucleotides, so label-free detection can be performed. The device shows sub-nanometrical detection limit and unprecedented selectivity with respect to single nucleotide ...
Wu Qiu-Ling - - 2012
The complete mitochondrial genome of Dichocrocis punctiferalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) was determined (GenBank accession number JX448619). The genome is 15,355 bp long with 37 typical animal mitochondrial genes and an A+T-rich region. As in other sequenced mitochondrial genomes of Lepidoptera, trnM was rearranged to the upstream of trnI-trnQ-trnM cluster compared with the ...
Shah Sovrin M - - 2012
Type III stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is generally defined as a condition that involves intrinsic sphincter deficiency (ISD). Although the clinical parameters for ISD are loosely defined as a Valsalva leak-point pressure <60 cmH(2)O or a maximal urethral closure pressure <20 cmH(2)O, consensus is lacking. As a result, studies evaluating ...
Feng Xian-Li - - 2012
Molecular dynamics simulations were performed for investigating the thermal stability of the extremely thermophilic Thermoanaerobacter tengcongensis ribose binding protein (tteRBP) and the mesophilic homologous Escherichia coli ribose binding protein (ecRBP). The simulations for the two proteins were carried out under the room temperature (300 K) and the optimal activity temperature (tteRBP ...
Craven Rachel A - - 2012
PURPOSE: Protein profiling of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues has enormous potential for the discovery and validation of disease biomarkers. The aim of this study was to systematically characterise the effect of length of time of storage of such tissue blocks in pathology archives on the quality of data produced using ...
Chen Ying - - 2012
In this study, the complete mitochondrial DNA genome sequence of Rastrelliger kanagurta has been determined. The mitogenome was 16,537 bp in length. It consists of 13 protein-coding genes, 2 rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes, and 2 non-coding regions. The A+T content of the mitochondrial genome of R. kanagurta was 52.29%, and ...
Schaeffner Elke S - - 2012
In older adults, current equations to estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) are not validated and may misclassify elderly persons in terms of their stage of chronic kidney disease. To derive the Berlin Initiative Study (BIS) equation, a novel estimator of GFR in elderly participants. Cross-sectional. Data were split for analysis ...
Lett Aaron M - - 2012
In a randomized, repeated-measures design, the glycaemic response and satiety ratings of a potato and leek soup were compared with and without the addition of 5 g of yellow mustard bran. Ten healthy, non-smoking, moderately active male subjects (mean age of 21.1 years and mean body mass index 23.2 kg/m(2)) were recruited ...
Salas-Alanis Julio C - - 2012
We report the case of a girl with hypertrichosis lanuginosa congenita treated with diode laser depilation since the age of 9 months. The treatment was well tolerated, and neither general nor local anesthesia was needed. A reduction of approximately 80% of facial and body hair was noted, which improved her condition ...
Kreft Burkhard - - 2012
  Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis are some of the most serious, usually drug-induced, skin reactions. We report a case of severe toxic epidermal necrolysis in a child, which in addition to ophthalmic sequelae, caused extensive hypertrophic scarring of the skin. Such a course is uncommon and has rarely ...
Zembic Anja - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To test the survival rates, and the technical and biological complication rates of customized zirconia and titanium abutments 5 years after crown insertion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-two patients with 40 single implants in maxillary and mandibular canine and posterior regions were included. The implant sites were randomly assigned to zirconia ...
Diependaele Kevin - - 2012
We investigate the origin of differences in the word frequency effect between native speakers and second-language speakers. In a large-scale analysis of English word identification times we find that group-level differences are fully accounted for by the individual language proficiency scores. Furthermore, exactly the same quantitative relation between word frequency ...
Kumar Ravinash Krishna - - 2012
The fabrication of enzymatically active, semi-permeable bio-inorganic protocells capable of self-assembling a cytoskeletal-like interior and undergoing small-molecule dephosphorylation reactions is described. Reversible disassembly of an amino acid-derived supramolecular hydrogel within the internalized reaction space is used to tune the enzymatic activity of the nanoparticle-bounded inorganic compartments.
Inamo Yasuji - - 2012
We report a case of progressive juvenile localized scleroderma (JLS or morphea) treated with a combination of imatinib, corticosteroids, and methotrexate. This therapy halted the progressive skin thickening and the hand and finger joint deformity in the early stages of the disease. We conclude that imatinib used in addition to ...
Bomback Andrew S - - 2012
Until recently, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) was clinically classified as either primary, idiopathic MPGN or as secondary MPGN when an underlying aetiology was identifiable. Primary MPGN was further classified into three types-type I, type II, and type III-based principally on the ultrastructural appearance and location of electron-dense deposits. Both the clinical ...
Firth Jill - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Participants with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) report that foot ulceration has an impact on their health-related quality of life (HRQL) across physical, social and psychological domains. What is not known is how experiences of healthcare provision influence HRQL. The present study set out to map the patent journey while integrating ...
Xia Tian - - 2012
UC CEIN was established with funding from the US National Science Foundation and the US Environmental Protection Agency in 2008 with the mission to study the impact of nanotechnology on the environment, including the identification of hazard and exposure scenarios that take into consideration the unique physicochemical properties of engineered ...
Wettach Carmen - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To provide the first update on drug safety profiles and adverse drug reactions (ADRs) associated with fetal disorders from the Swiss national ADR database. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study using data from 202 pharmacovigilance reports on drug-associated fetal disorders from the Swiss national ADR database from 1990 ...
Guan Guijian - - 2012
To achieve the selectivity in direct chemiluminescence (CL) detection is very significant and a great challenge as well. Here, we report a novel concept of developing intrinsically selective CL switching at surface of Fe3O4 nanoparticles for the sensitive detection and simultaneous determination of various pesticides. Fe3O4 nanoparticles have peroxidase-like catalytic ...
Sanchez Sophie - - 2012
The recent developments of phase-contrast synchrotron imaging techniques have been of great interest for paleontologists, providing three-dimensional (3D) tomographic images of anatomical structures, thereby leading to new paleobiological insights and the discovery of new species. However, until now, it has not been used on features smaller than 5-7 μm voxel ...
Cazottes Sophie - - 2012
The microstructure of Cu80Fe10Ni10 (at. %) granular ribbons was investigated by means of three-dimensional field ion microscopy (3D FIM). This ribbon is composed of magnetic precipitates embedded in a nonmagnetic matrix. The magnetic precipitates have a diameter smaller than 5 nm in the as-spun state and are coherent with the ...
Keser Serhat - - 2012
Grape is one of the world's largest fruit crops, with an approximate annual production of 58 million metric tons, and it is well known that the grape skins, seeds and stems, waste products generated during wine and grape juice processing, are rich sources of polyphenols. It contains flavonoids, phenolic acids ...
Liao Wenting - - 2012
HIV-1 Tat protein is released by infected cells and can affect bystander uninfected T cells and induce numerous biological responses which contribute to its pathogenesis. To elucidate the complex pathogenic mechanism, we conducted a comprehensive investigation on Tat protein-related extracellular and intracellular metabolic changes in Jurkat T-cells using combined gas ...
You Yun-Wen - - 2012
Based on a scanning electron microscope operated at 30 kV with a homemade specimen holder and a multiangle solid-state detector behind the sample, low-kV scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) is presented with subsequent electron tomography for three-dimensional (3D) volume structure. Because of the low acceleration voltage, the stronger electron-atom scattering ...
Pereira Diana - - 2012
The present study investigated short-term effects of daily social exclusion at work on various indicators of sleep quality and tested the mediating role of work-related worries using a time-based diary study with ambulatory assessments of sleep quality. Ninety full-time employees participated in a 2-week data collection. Multilevel analyses revealed that ...
Ballarin Barbara - - 2012
This work describes a new one step method for the preparation of AuNPs/LDH nanocomposites via the polyol route. The novelty of this facile and simple synthesis is the absence of additional reactants such as reductive agents or stabilizer, that gives the possibility to obtain phase pure systems free of undesiderable ...
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