Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 3887
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Pokhrel Laxman L Department of Chemistry, 213 CBC Building, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66503, - - 2012
A major effort in Alzheimer's disease therapeutic development has targeted Aβ and downstream events. We have synthesized a small library of tricyclic pyrone compounds. Their protective action in MC65 cells and inhibition of ACAT along with the upregulation of cholesterol transporter gene were investigated. Five active compounds exhibited potencies in ...
Schmidt Franz-Philipp - - 2012
We map the complete plasmonic spectrum of silver nanodisks by electron energy loss spectroscopy and show that the mode which couples strongest to the electron beam has radial symmetry with no net dipole moment. Therefore, this mode does not couple to light and has escaped from observation in optical experiments. ...
Hess Henry - - 2012
A corollary of the Bell equation of bond rupture is that the bond transfers a maximal impulse during its lifetime when the applied force equals k(B)T/x*. It is proposed that the designs of biological systems converge toward loading bonds with this optimal force to minimize the need for self-healing and ...
Jiang Tao-Shan - - 2012
A palladium-catalyzed ortho-alkoxylation of anilides with both primary and secondary alcohols via ligand-directed C-H activation has been explored. This alkoxylation promoted by catalytic methanesulfonic acid proceeds well at room temperature in most cases and affords aryl alkyl ethers in moderate to good yields.
Ameer Fathima S - - 2012
Presented herein is a combined experimental and computational study of the gold nanoparticle (AuNP) inner filter effect on surface enhanced Raman spectroscopic (SERS) measurements. Using a bianalyte strategy in which dithiopurine (DTP) and ethanol were employed as the model analytes, we demonstrated that AuNPs enhance DTP's Raman signal but attenuate ...
Kumar Karuppannan Senthil - - 2012
Self-assembled monolayers of DNA on a silver surface were prepared and characterized by polarization modulation infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS), fluorescence imaging, and (32)P radioactive labeling. The buffer concentration of the DNA solution and the surface roughness of the silver substrate were found to affect the surface coverage of DNA ...
Cao Zhen-Hui - - 2012
Pu-erh tea has shown anti-obesity effects but little is known about its effect on proliferation and differentiation of preadipocytes. This study investigated the effects of the aqueous extracts of raw pu-erh tea and ripened pu-erh tea on proliferation and differentiation of murine 3T3-L1 preadiopocytes. We examined dose and time effects ...
Pan Zhi-Zhen - - 2012
4'-Thiosemicarbazonegriseofulvin, a new thiosemicarbazide derivative of griseofulvin, was synthesized and evaluated for its potential on the control of enzymatic browning and postharvest disease of fruits. Browning on fruits is mainly due to the enzymatic oxidation of phenolic compounds catalyzed by tyrosinase. 4'-thiosemicarbazonegriseofulvin could effectively inhibit the activity of tyrosinase and ...
Han Young Ah - - 2012
Ginger has long been used worldwide as a spice, seasoning, and wine and is also used as a traditional medicine. There have been no previous studies of the potential beneficial effects of the ginger constituent 12-dehydrogingerdione (12-DHGD). We investigated the anti-inflammatory effect of 12-DHGD on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated Raw 264.7 cells. ...
Leão C A - - 2012
Malakoplakia is a rare chronic granulomatous disease of unknown cause. It is thought to be caused by an acquired bactericidal defect of macrophages. Malakoplakia is associated with chronic infections and immunosuppression. Although it occurs mainly in the urinary tract, it has already been reported in almost every organ system. The ...
Grassl Julia - - 2012
An individually darkened leaf model was used to study protein changes in the Arabidopsis mutant stay-green1 (sgr1) to partially mimic the process of leaf covering senescence that occurs naturally in the shaded rosettes of Arabidopsis plants. Utilising this controlled and predictable induced senescence model has allowed the direct comparison of ...
Ying Lei - - 2012
All-conjugated triblock polyfluorenes with well-defined molecular weights and low polydispersities are synthesized via chain-growth Suzuki-Miyaura polymerization. Ionization of pendant alkylbromide chains by pyridine affords amphiphilic triblock polyelectrolytes with neutral/charged/neutral or charged/neutral/charged segments. The immiscible blocks lead to aggregation in polar and nonpolar solvents, and to complex surface morphologies depending on ...
He Xiao - - 2012
Quantifying and imaging the engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) in vivo can provide information on the bio-distribution and fate of ENMs in living systems. A necessary amount of in vivo quantitative data is indispensable to verify the extrapolation from in vitro tests, to modify the predictive models of ENM exposure, and to ...
Falorio Simona S Dipartimento di Ematologia, Ospedale Civile Spirito Santo, Pescara, - - 2013
Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is one of the most common types of cancer in the young and one of the most curable forms of cancer. Therefore, there has been an increasing interest in the study of long-term morbidities. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the prevalence and risk ...
Schaeffner Elke S - - 2012
In older adults, current equations to estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) are not validated and may misclassify elderly persons in terms of their stage of chronic kidney disease. To derive the Berlin Initiative Study (BIS) equation, a novel estimator of GFR in elderly participants. Cross-sectional. Data were split for analysis ...
Lett Aaron M - - 2012
In a randomized, repeated-measures design, the glycaemic response and satiety ratings of a potato and leek soup were compared with and without the addition of 5 g of yellow mustard bran. Ten healthy, non-smoking, moderately active male subjects (mean age of 21.1 years and mean body mass index 23.2 kg/m(2)) were recruited ...
Salas-Alanis Julio C - - 2012
We report the case of a girl with hypertrichosis lanuginosa congenita treated with diode laser depilation since the age of 9 months. The treatment was well tolerated, and neither general nor local anesthesia was needed. A reduction of approximately 80% of facial and body hair was noted, which improved her condition ...
Kreft Burkhard - - 2012
  Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis are some of the most serious, usually drug-induced, skin reactions. We report a case of severe toxic epidermal necrolysis in a child, which in addition to ophthalmic sequelae, caused extensive hypertrophic scarring of the skin. Such a course is uncommon and has rarely ...
Zembic Anja - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To test the survival rates, and the technical and biological complication rates of customized zirconia and titanium abutments 5 years after crown insertion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-two patients with 40 single implants in maxillary and mandibular canine and posterior regions were included. The implant sites were randomly assigned to zirconia ...
Mosca Andrea - - 2012
Abstract Background: We present a study aimed to define the analytical goals for the determination of hemoglobin A2, a minor hemoglobin present in human blood normally accounting from 2.5% to 3.3% of total hemoglobin, and typically increased up to 6%-7% in subjects carriers of β-thalassemia. Methods: The analytical goals have ...
Kim Bo-Hyung - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Clopidogrel selectively inhibits platelet aggregation. Clopidogrel bisulfate (Plavix(®)) was first developed for atherothrombosis prevention and is commonly prescribed for this indication. A new clopidogrel formulation, clopidogrel besylate (KOVIX(®)), has recently been developed. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to compare the multiple-dose pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics and tolerability of clopidogrel besylate with those ...
Aggarwal Rakesh - - 2012
Hepatitis E, caused by infection with hepatitis E virus (HEV), is a common cause of enterically-transmitted acute hepatitis in developing countries. Occasional cases of sporadic hepatitis E have been increasingly recognized in developed countries over the past decade. These cases differ from those in developing countries in being possibly caused ...
Martínez-Aguilar Juan - - 2012
This review documents the uses of quantitative mass spectrometry applied to colorectal cancer (CRC) proteomics for biomarker discovery and molecular pathway profiling. Investigators are adopting various labeling and label-free mass spectrometry approaches to quantitate differential protein levels in cells, tumours and plasma/serum. We comprehensively review recent uses of this technology ...
Boschetti Elisa - - 2012
In this study, we sought the use of cultured human abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) tissue to investigate the transcriptional effects of some bioactives, whose role in the prevention of atherosclerotic plaque development through the regulation of gene expression has been hypothesized. After supplementation with n - 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids or epigallocatechin-3-gallate, ...
Karimi Mohsen - - 2012
We report a case of tricuspid atresia with transposed great arteries and rudimentary right ventricle owing to which the patient developed severe subaortic stenosis and restrictive bulboventricular foramen 5 years after her extracardiac Fontan operation. She underwent a successful modified Damus-Kaye-Stansel operation using her native pulmonary valve. Spiral cardiac computed ...
Valdivieso Rommel R Allergy and Dermatology Center, Quito, EcuadorOccupational Dermatology Department, National School of Occupational Medicine, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, - - 2013
A teenager with atopic dermatitis presented with a 12-month history of recurrent, pruritic, round and polygonal patches on her face. Patch tests using the European standard series (including nickel, chromium, and cobalt chloride), a plastic and glue series of allergens, polyester components, and personal and environmental products in contact with ...
Katsoulis Joannis - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the precision of fit of implant-supported screw-retained computer-aided-designed and computer-aided-manufactured (CAD/CAM) zirconium dioxide (ZrO) frameworks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Computer-aided-designed and computer-aided-manufactured ZrO frameworks (NobelProcera(™) ) for a screw-retained 10-unit implant-supported reconstruction on six implants (FDI positions 15, 13, 11, 21, 23, 25) were fabricated using a laser ...
Barbosa Luiz Claudio Almeida - - 2012
Many natural products have been used as a model for the development of new drugs and agrochemicals. Following this strategy eleven rubrolide analogues, bearing electron withdrawing and donating groups at both benzene rings, were prepared starting from commercially available mucobromic acid. The ability of all compounds to inhibit the photosynthetic ...
Marasca Roberto R Division of Hematology, Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche Materno-infantili e dell'Adulto, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy. - - 2013
Deletion on the long arm of chromosome 11 occurs in 5-20% of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) patients. We analysed clinical-biological characteristics of 131 CLL patients carrying 11q deletion documented before therapy (de novo 11q deleted CLL). De novo 11q deleted CLL were characterized by high frequencies of unmutated immunoglobulin variable ...
Xiang Yu-Tao - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Bipolar disorder (BD) is frequently misdiagnosed as major depressive disorder (MDD), which may lead to inappropriate treatment and poor outcomes. This study aimed to examine prescribing patterns of antidepressants, antipsychotics and mood stabilizers in BD patients misdiagnosed with MDD in China. METHODS: A total of 1487 patients originally diagnosed ...
Burr Jamie F - - 2012
Abstract Mountain biking is a popular recreational pursuit and the physiological demands of cross-country style riding have been well documented. However, little is known regarding the growing discipline of gravity-assisted downhill cycling. We characterised the physiological demands of downhill mountain biking under typical riding conditions. Riding oxygen consumption ([Vdot]O(2)) and ...
Bao Ying - - 2012
Flexible and freestanding poly(methyl methacrylate) nanofibers containing the upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) of lanthanide-doped sodium yttrium fluoride have been successfully fabricated via an electrospinning process. The UCNPs in nanofibers commonly formed chain-like aggregates aligned along the fiber axes. The effect of the electrospinning process on the upconversion properties of the embedded ...
Zhao Jiaji - - 2012
An efficient synthesis of 2- or 4-iododibenzofurans through CuI-mediated sequential iodination/cycloetherification of two aromatic C-H bonds in o-arylphenols has been developed. Both the preexisting electron-withdrawing groups (NO(2), CN, and CHO) and the newly introduced iodide are readily modified for a focused dibenzofuran library synthesis. Mechanistic studies and DFT calculations suggest ...
Shi Yizhi - - 2012
Amplitude modulation (AM) scanning force microscopy (SFM) is superior to frequency modulation SFM in simplicity, sensitivity, and stability, but is still replaced by the latter because it is too slow when the Q factor is high (bandwidth < 0.5 Hz for Q > 50,000 and resonant frequency ω0 < 50 ...
Butler Matt - - 2012
Adenosine possesses potent anti-inflammatory properties which are partly mediated by G(i) -coupled adenosine A3 receptors (A3Rs). A3R agonists have shown clinical benefit in a number of inflammatory conditions although some studies in A3R-deficient mice suggest a pro-inflammatory role. We hypothesized that, in addition to cell signaling effects, A3R compounds might ...
Priimagi Arri - - 2012
A conceptually novel materials design, based on crosslinked ferroelectric liquid-crystalline polymers, is demonstrated for efficient switching of a second-order nonlinear optical (NLO) response in the solid state. By controlling the molecular alignment of the NLO moieties through two-photon isomerization of azobenzene molecules, reversible isothermal photocontrol of second-harmonic generation is achieved ...
Asnet Mary J - - 2012
Chikungunya fever is one of the reemerging vector-borne diseases. It has become a major global health problem especially in the developing countries. There are no vaccines or specific antiviral drugs available to date. This study reports small molecule inhibitors of envelope glycoprotein 2 (E2 glycoprotein) which are predicted based on ...
Wang Xuan - - 2012
Background: Substantial clinicohistologic overlap exists between lupus erythematosus profundus (LEP) and lymphomas involving the subcutis, including subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (SPTCL) and primary cutaneous gamma/delta T-cell lymphoma (GDTCL). Unequivocal markers separating the entities are not established. Objectives: To explore the usefulness of interferon alpha (INF-α)-induced protein, myxovirus resistance protein 1 ...
Oveland Eystein - - 2012
The spleen is a part of the immune system and is involved in the response to a systemic inflammation induced by blood borne pathogens that may induce sepsis. Knowledge about the protein composition of the spleen microenvironment in a control situation and during systemic inflammation may contribute to our understanding ...
Keeney Jeriel T R - - 2012
Proteomics has a wide range of applications, including determination of differences in the proteome in terms of expression and post-translational protein modifications. Redox proteomics allows the identification of specific targets of protein oxidation in a biological sample. Using proteomic techniques, apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) has been found at decreased levels in ...
Jo Mi Ru - - 2012
We report on the synthesis of one-dimensional (1D) Li(4)Ti(5)O(12) nanofibers through electrospinning and their outstanding electrochemical performances. Li(4)Ti(5)O(12) with a spinel structure is a promising candidate anode material for lithium rechargeable batteries due to its well-known zero-strain merits. In order to improve the electronic properties of spinel Li(4)Ti(5)O(12), which are ...
Stegall Mark D MD Department of Surgery, Division of Transplantation Surgery and von Liebig Transplant Center, 200 First Street SW, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2012
Over the past decade, several studies have suggested that the complement system has an active role in both acute and chronic allograft rejection. These studies have been facilitated by improved techniques to detect antibody-mediated organ rejection, including immunohistological staining for C4d deposition in the allograft and solid-phase assays that identify ...
Papi M - - 2012
Aspergillus fumigatus has become a leading cause of fungal morbidity and mortality, especially in immunocompromised patients. This fungus is able to grow as a multicellular community and produce a hydrophobic extracellular matrix (ECM), mainly composed of galactomannan and α-1,3 glucans, to protect itself from host defenses and antimicrobial drugs. This ...
Stoklosa Jakub - - 2012
In capture-recapture models, survival and capture probabilities can be modelled as functions of time-varying covariates, such as temperature or rainfall. The Cormack-Jolly-Seber (CJS) model allows for flexible modelling of these covariates; however, the functional relationship may not be linear. We extend the CJS model by semi-parametrically modelling capture and survival ...
- - 2012
The following articles are being highlighted as part of Circulation's Topic Review series. This series will summarize the most important manuscripts, as selected by the editors, published in Circulation and the Circulation subspecialty journals. The studies included in this article represent the most read manuscripts published on the topic of ...
Shen Hong - - 2012
Glycyrrhizae Radix (GR) is often prescribed together with Aconiti Laterlis Radix (ALR) (a so-called compatible drug pair) in traditional Chinese medicinal practice to reduce toxicity of ALR. However, the mechanisms involved remain to be addressed. In this study, the metabolic interactions between GR-ALR drug pair were investigated for the first ...
Limongi Tania - - 2012
The generation of 3D networks of primary neurons is a big challenge in neuroscience. Here, a novel method is presented for a 3D neuronal culture on superhydrophobic (SH) substrates. How nano-patterned SH devices stimulate neurons to build 3D networks is investigated. Scanning electron microscopy and confocal imaging show that soon ...
Jing Long - - 2012
First-principles calculations (generalized gradient approximation, density functional therory (DFT) with dispersion corrections, and DFT plus local atomic potential) are carried out on the stability and electronic structures of superlattice configurations of nitrophenyl diazonium functionalized graphene with different coverage. In the calculations, the stabilities of these structures are strengthened significantly since ...
Fabbrizzi Luigi - - 2012
Alfred Werner's complexes of formula [M(III)(NH(3))(6-n)X(n)]X(3-n) involved inert metal centres (M = Cr, Co), and anions X(-) 'frozen' in the coordination sphere, a circumstance which allowed the isolation of a variety of isomers. Amine complexes of labile transition metal ions, studied later, do not form isomers, yet they allow the ...
Ureña Esteban Bermúdez - - 2012
Plasmonic antennas are key elements to control the luminescence of quantum emitters. However, the antenna's influence is often hidden by quenching losses. Here, the luminescence of a quantum dot coupled to a gold dimer antenna is investigated. Detailed analysis of the multiply excited states quantifies the antenna's influence on the ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >