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Benito Javier - - 2012
This study evaluated the types of items owners consider important to their cats' quality of life (QoL). We hypothesized that items contributing to QoL in cats are predominantly items requiring mobility. The objectives of the study were to describe the types of items considered important by owners for their cats' ...
Rich Peter - - 2012
A stand-alone online teaching module was developed to cover an area of musculoskeletal anatomy (structure of bone) found to be difficult by students. The material presented in the module was not formally presented in any other way, thus providing additional time for other curriculum components, but it was assessed in ...
Baglioni Michele - - 2012
Nanostructured soft matter systems represent effective and long-lasting solutions with respect to traditional and often obsolete methodologies for the conservation of works of art. In particular, complex fluids such as micelles and microemulsions represent the most performing media for the removal of organic materials from porous supports, like wall paintings ...
Merki R - - 2012
Over the recent years we have seen a rapid increase in published research both in the preclinical and clinical field regarding the treatment of prostate cancer. Only within the last two years the results of four positive phase III trials, all showing improved survival for patients with metastatic castration resistant ...
Vernitsky Helly - - 2012
Lymphocytes establish dynamic cell-cell interactions with the cells they scan. Previous studies show that upon cell contact, various membrane-associated proteins, such as Ras-family proteins, transfer from B to T and NK lymphocytes. Mutations in RAS genes that encode constitutively active, GTP-bound, oncoproteins are rather common in human cancers; for instance, ...
van Hoof Bram - - 2012
Spontaneous aggregation of lipids into bilayers and vesicles is a key property for the formation of biological membranes. Understanding the compartmentalization achieved by vesicle formation is an important step towards understanding the origin of life, and is crucial in current efforts to develop artificial life. Spontaneously formed vesicles may be ...
Ahmed H A - - 2012
The epidemiology of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in North Africa is complicated by the co-circulation of endemic FMD viruses (FMDV), as well as sporadic incursions of exotic viral strains from the Middle East and Sub-Saharan Africa. This report describes the molecular characterization of SAT 2 FMD viruses that have caused widespread ...
Neville Angela L - - 2012
Laparoscopy and work-hour restrictions are altering surgical training. We hypothesized interns were no longer gaining experience in open appendectomy, historically an intern index case. We retrospectively reviewed Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) case logs of postgraduate Year (PGY) 1 general surgery trainees from our academic teaching program for ...
Millan E Zayra - - 2012
We investigated the impact of cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) in the nucleus accumbens shell (AcbSh) on context-induced reinstatement of alcoholic beer-seeking. Rats were trained to respond for 4% (vol/vol) alcoholic beer in one context (A) followed by extinction in a second context (B). Rats were subsequently tested for renewal ...
Torres-Company Victor - - 2012
High-repetition-rate optical frequency combs can act as broadband photonic mixers and downconvert a microwave signal to an intermediate frequency (IF) band so that it becomes accessible with high-speed electronics. In this Letter, we show that with line-by-line pulse shaping and dispersive propagation, the photonic mixer can simultaneously perform programmable multitap ...
Xiao Houfei - - 2012
In non-line-of-sight (NLOS) UV communication links using intensity modulation with direct detection, atmospheric turbulence-induced intensity fluctuations can significantly impair link performance. To mitigate turbulence-induced fading and, therefore, to improve the bit error rate (BER) performance, spatial diversity reception can be used over NLOS UV links, which involves the deployment of ...
Muzaffar Nasir - - 2012
Marginal radial head fractures with displaced fragments are relatively common, especially when associated with a concomitant posterior elbow dislocation. The separated fragments are usually displaced forward and outward into the lateral part of the elbow or proximally in the elbow joint. Ulnar displacement of the separated fragments has been described ...
Ghadie M M - - 2012
To study whether treatment with heparin (HEP) attenuates intestinal dysfunction caused by ischemia (I) and reperfusion (R), rats were treated with HEP (100 U/kg intravenously) or saline solution (SS) before I (60 min), which was produced by occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery, and R (120 min). After I or ...
Tachotti Pires L J - - 2012
Cardiac complications after liver transplantation are a common cause of death. Stress-induced cardiomyopathy, also called takotsubo cardiomyopathy, is a special form of cardiomyopathy that is precipitated by a stress situation. It can occur after a surgical procedure that results in acute heart failure. Herein we have presented 2 cases of ...
Zhang Jiameng - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Baseline Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) is usually based on a single measurement. Here we evaluated whether using a baseline EDSS derived from two pre-treatment measurements improves the detection of progression events and the ability to demonstrate a therapeutic effect in delaying MS disability progression. METHODS: Real data from ...
Bellia Alfonso - - 2012
Context:High levels of PTH are reported in obese individuals and related to increased cardiometabolic risk.Objective:Our objective was to evaluate whether the relationship between PTH, insulin resistance, and related metabolic parameters differ between metabolically healthy obese (MHO) and insulin-resistant obese (IRO) subjects.Design and Setting:We conducted a cross-sectional study among patients evaluated ...
Aldrin Magne - - 2012
Association between previous antibiotic use and emergence of antibiotic resistance has been reported for several microorganisms. The relationship has been extensively studied, and although the causes of antibiotic resistance are multi-factorial, clear evidence of antibiotic use as a major risk factor exists. Most studies are carried out in countries with ...
Delbarco-Trillo Javier - - 2012
Urine serves a communicative function in many mammalian species. In some species, the signaling function of urine can be enhanced by the addition of chemical compounds from glands along the distal portion of the urogenital tract. Although urine marking is the main mode of chemical communication in many primate species, ...
Zhan Dongping - - 2012
Solid-state solution with excellent ionic conductivity and redox activity has potential applications in electrochemical microdevices, such as transistors, switches, sensors and actuators, due to its controllable assembly, integration and package in microchips. In this paper, we present an electrochemical method to synthesize single microcrystals of iron hexacyanides/NaCl solid solution and ...
Sidler X - - 2012
Vaccination of dams in a PCV2 subclinically infected farm 2 and 4 weeks before insemination, with a booster at 12 weeks of gestation did not influence fertility parameters of the dams. However, growth parameters of offspring of vaccinated sows improved significantly (+ 51 g/d), resulting in a shorter growing period ...
Neves Diana - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Nuclear medicine (NM) is a rapidly developing field. In Portugal, no occupational study has been conducted yet that characterizes the professional profile of NM technologists (NMTs). We investigated the clinical tasks performed by NMTs in Portugal, analysing their practices with regard to radiation protection matters and their compliance with ...
Tang Chun - - 2012
This study investigated mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage in rats with obstructive jaundice (OJ) and to explore its effect on mitochondrial and hepatic function. Forty‑eight male Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups: sham-operated (Sham) and bile duct ligation (BDL). Blood and tissue samples were collected from the two groups ...
Kharazmi Elham - - 2012
Despite recent successes in the identification of genetic susceptibility loci, no familial risk has been demonstrated for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). We identified 3994 childhood ALL cases from two cancer registries; family members were obtained from population registers. The standardized incidence ratio for familial risk in singleton siblings and ...
Reynolds M Bryant J - - 2012
• Premise of the Study: The future of long-lived stand-forming desert plants such as Yucca brevifolia (Joshua tree) has come into question in light of climate variation and landscape-scale disturbances such as wildfire. Understanding plant establishment dynamics is important for mitigating the impacts of disturbances and promoting revegetation.• Methods: We ...
Nahum-Shani Inbal - - 2012
In recent years, research in the area of intervention development has been shifting from the traditional fixed-intervention approach to adaptive interventions, which allow greater individualization and adaptation of intervention options (i.e., intervention type and/or dosage) over time. Adaptive interventions are operationalized via a sequence of decision rules that specify how ...
Dani Carlo - - 2012
We aimed to assess the current knowledge on the nutritional management of preterm infants at risk of developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or with BPD. We considered the evidence supporting the actual fluid and energy intake, proteins, lipids, and electrolytes requirement, and need for other nutrients in preterm infant at risk ...
Lau Briana - - 2012
The current data available describing the relationship of obesity and abdominal wall hernias is sparse. The objective of this study was to investigate the current prevalence of noninguinal abdominal wall hernias and their correlation with body mass index (BMI) and other demographic risk factors. Patients with umbilical, incisional, ventral, epigastric, ...
Jablonka Eric M - - 2012
Chemoimmobilization with botulinum toxin A is an ideal biochemical agent that allows near-total elimination of muscle pull on the healing facial wound. The goal of chemoimmobilization of facial cutaneous wounds is to eliminate dynamic tension on the healing tissues to improve wound healing and minimize scarring for optimal aesthetic results.
Fritz Deborah - - 2012
Constipation remains a challenging problem for patients and caregivers in home health. In Part 1 of this 2-part series, the scope, physiology, and evidence-based practice for nonpharmacological interventions for constipation are discussed. Part 2 will focus on pharmacological management of constipation, including medication cost, prevention of occurrence, and implications for ...
Soares Neelkamal S - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Developmental-behavioral pediatrics (DBP) is recognized as one of the fields with the greatest shortages of pediatric subspecialists. Families who access care often must travel great distances to tertiary academic medical centers or endure long waiting lists. While the shortages are likely to persist due to limited provider availability and ...
Englert Chris - - 2012
In the present article, we analyzed the role of self-control strength and state anxiety in sports performance. We tested the hypothesis that self-control strength and state anxiety interact in predicting sports performance on the basis of two studies, each using a different sports task (Study 1: performance in a basketball ...
Rouifed Mohamed Said - - 2012
Room-temperature quantum-confined Stark effect in a Ge/SiGe quantum-well structure is reported at the wavelength of 1.3 μm. The operating wavelength is tuned by the use of strain engineering. Low-energy plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition is used to grow 20 periods of strain-compensated quantum wells (8 nm Ge well and 12 nm Si<sub>0.35</sub>Ge<sub>0.65</sub> barrier) on ...
Liu Kexin - - 2012
We demonstrate that one-way electromagnetic modes could be sustained by the edge of a gyromagnetic photonic crystal slab of triangular lattice under an external dc magnetic field. The applied magnetic field breaks the time-reversal symmetry of the three-dimensional system, and thus the original degeneracy point in k space, at which ...
Louch William E - - 2012
Following contraction of the heart, efficient relaxation (diastole) is essential for refilling the ventricles with blood. This review describes how ventricular relaxation is controlled by Ca(2+) homeostasis in cardiac muscle cells and how alterations in Ca(2+) cycling affect diastolic function in the normal and failing heart. These discussions illustrate that ...
Boin I F S F - - 2012
Renal insufficiency can be associated with poor long-term survival of liver transplant recipients. The objective of this study was to study renal insufficiency observed pretransplantation and its long-term impact after liver transplantation. We analyzed retrospectively an electronic database collected prospectively including transplant records from June 1994 to October 2010 using ...
Dodge Tonya - - 2012
This study applied aspects of the Theory of Reasoned Action and the Prototype/Willingness model to understand cognitions associated with the use of illegal performance-enhancing substances. There were two study objectives. One was to investigate whether the illegal-is-effective heuristic (i.e. belief that illegal performance-enhancing substances are more effective than legal performance-enhancing ...
Wojciechowski Filip - - 2012
Multiple 2-pyrenyl-C-nucleosides were incorporated into the center of a DNA duplex resulting in stable pyrene self-recognition and excimer formation. This helical pyrene array may find use in DNA-mediated charge transfer and in the creation of DNA-based sensors.
Tucker Ian M - - 2012
Small angle neutron scattering, zeta potential measurements, and dynamic light scattering have been used to investigate the adsorption of polymer-surfactant mixtures at the oil-water interface. The water-hexadecane interface investigated was in the form of small oil-in-water emulsion droplets stabilized by the anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate, SDS. The impact of ...
White Mary - - 2012
In recent years, the growth of interest in global health among medical students and residents has led to an abundance of short-term training opportunities in low-resource environments. Given the disparities in resources, needs and expectations between visitors and their hosts, these experiences can raise complex ethical concerns. Recent calls for ...
Wang Feiyue - - 2012
Mercury is a major contaminant in the Arctic marine ecosystem. While extensive studies have been conducted on mercury in the Arctic's atmosphere and biota, far less is known about the distribution and dynamics of mercury species in the Arctic Ocean. Here we present vertical profiles for total mercury (HgT) and ...
Zhang Haiyang - - 2012
Electrostatic- and van der Waals interactions as well as entropy contribute to the energetics governing macromolecular complexation in biomolecules. Hydrogen bonds play a particularly important role in such interactions. Here we use molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to investigate the hydrogen bond (HB) orientations of free beta-cyclodextrin (β-CD) and head-to-head dimerization ...
Matos Marinez Farana - - 2012
Abstract Background: Abdominal obesity increases the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). It remains unclear to what extent inflammation contributes to the risk of VTE from abdominal obesity. Our objectives were to investigate the association between abdominal obesity and VTE and the effect of inflammation on this association in a case-control ...
Lapin Dmitry - - 2012
Most natural Arabidopsis thaliana accessions are susceptible to one or more isolates of the downy mildew pathogen Hyaloperonospora arabidopsidis (Hpa). However, Arabidopsis C24 has proved resistant to all Hpa isolates tested so far. Here we describe the complex genetic basis of broad-spectrum resistance in C24. The genetics of C24 resistance ...
Rajarathinam Balakrishnan - - 2012
Synthesis of the 2-aza analogues of the pyrrolizidine alkaloid motif with two contiguous stereocenters has been achieved with high regio-, chemo-, and diastereoselectivity by an innovative multicomponent reaction in water. This elegant tactic has integrated the principles of privileged substructure-based Diversity Oriented Synthesis (pDOS) and Biology Oriented Synthesis (BIOS) to ...
Ferreira Sandra M - - 2012
Purpose:  The goal of the present study is to establish the antioxidant status in the brain of a high pressure-induced rat model. Methods:  Ocular hypertension was induced in rats (n = 12) cauterizing two episcleral veins under a surgical microscope. A sham procedure (n = 12) was performed in the control group. The markers ...
de Savigny Don - - 2012
There are striking similarities in health system and other contexts between Tanzania and Ghana that are relevant to the scaling up of continuous delivery of insecticide treated nets (ITNs) for malaria prevention. However, specific contextual factors of relevance to ITN delivery have led implementation down very different pathways in the ...
Kaiser Meghann L - - 2012
Clearance of cervical spine (CS) precautions in the neurologically altered blunt trauma patient can be difficult. Physical examination is not reliable, and although computed tomography (CT) may reveal no evidence of fracture, it is generally believed to be an inferior modality for assessing ligamentous and cord injuries. However, magnetic resonance ...
Scott Ian A - - 2012
Published research evidence does not automatically diffuse into clinical practice but requires active processes of translation that start with clinicians' awareness of the science and end with patient adherence to the recommended care. Many barriers thwart the uptake of valid and clinically important research into practice, with cognitive, motivational and ...
Ricaud S - - 2012
A mode-locked thin-disk laser based on Yb:CALGO is demonstrated for the first time. At an average output power of 28 W we obtained pulses with a duration of 300 fs and a pulse energy of 1.3 μJ. 197 fs pulses with 0.9 μJ of energy were achieved at an average output power of 20 W. The ...
Danz Norbert - - 2012
The position of light-emitting molecules can be identified using interferometric approaches. Standard schemes utilize constructive interference to obtain a sectioned area of interest with high detection efficiency. The examination of organic light-emitting diodes (OLED) removes the common constraint of low light levels and enables a more generalized analysis. The OLED ...
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