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Lexa Frank J - - 2012
The results of the federal election of 2012 will likely have very substantial impacts on the practice of radiology. Health care reform is likely to continue under the administration of either of the two major candidates, albeit in very different ways. In particular, radiologists should be aware of the candidates' ...
Du Yongzhao - - 2012
A simple and compact point-diffraction interferometer with circular common-path geometry configuration is developed. The interferometer is constructed by a beam-splitter, two reflection mirrors, and a telescope system composed by two lenses. The signal and reference waves travel along the same path. Furthermore, an opaque mask containing a reference pinhole and ...
Lopez-Mago Dorilian - - 2012
Quantum-optical coherence tomography (QOCT) combines the principles of classical OCT with the correlation properties of entangled photon pairs [Phys. Rev. A65, 053817 (2002)]. The standard QOCT configuration is based on the Hong-Ou-Mandel interferometer, which uses entangled photons propagating in separate interferometer arms. This noncollinear configuration imposes practical limitations, e.g., misalignment ...
Lionberger David R - - 2012
It is incumbent on the orthopedic community to assess current technologies available to predict the size of implants used for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and whether they can accurately represent what will be visualized by surgeons intraoperatively. This study highlights the traditional practice of TKA by applying digitization software to ...
Stucchi R S B - - 2012
Isoniazid (INH) is recommended for tuberculosis prophylaxis in non-liver transplant recipients. However, there is a great reluctance to prescribe this agent for liver transplant candidates and recipients due to the risk of precipitating further hepatic decompensation. We analyzed the records of liver transplantation candidates undergoing a purified protein derivative (PPD) ...
Vojdeman Fie Juhl - - 2012
ABSTRACT In the HOVON68 trial comparing subcutaneous low-dose alemtuzumab (LD-A) used together with fludarabine (F) and cyclophosphamide (C) with FC alone in high-risk chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), LD-AFC resulted in significantly more clinical and molecular responses than FC, but also in more opportunistic infections. In a subgroup analysis of alemtuzumab ...
Huang Shuangsheng - - 2012
Tumor cells trigger angiogenesis through overexpression of various angiogenic factors including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiopoietin 1 (Ang1). Therefore, inhibition of the expression of both VEGF and Ang1, the initial step of tumor angiogenesis, is a promising strategy for cancer chemoprevention and therapy. Grape seed proanthocyanidins (GSPs) are widely ...
Elenis Evangelia - - 2012
Sir, Broad ligament hernias are extremely rare. They constitute about 5% of all internal hernias which in turn cause 0.5 - 4% of intestinal obstruction cases (1). Early diagnosis is of importance for limiting intestinal ischemia, necrosis and perforation, and thus morbidity and mortality.
Gelfand Michele J - - 2012
Anecdotal evidence abounds that organizations have distinct conflict cultures, or socially shared norms for how conflict should be managed. However, research to date has largely focused on conflict management styles at the individual and small group level, and has yet to examine whether organizations create socially shared and normative ways ...
Zakis Justin A - - 2012
Objective: Preferences between low delays and phase-frequency responses of behind-the-ear, open-canal hearing aids were investigated with acoustic conditions deemed sensitive to delay effects by normal-hearing listeners. Design: Hearing aids with the following selectable delay and phase response options were fitted at low insertion gain: (1) 1.4 ms delay, minimum phase; ...
Danial-Saad Alexandra - - 2012
The aim of this study was to use the Delphi method to develop and validate an ontology for one class of assistive technology (AT), namely physically controllable pointing devices. A three-round, structured process consisting of responses to a series of questionnaires was used to identify items and categories of importance ...
Murphy Therese M - - 2012
Recently, a significant epigenetic component in the pathology of suicide has been realized. Here we investigate candidate functional SNPs in epigenetic-regulatory genes, DNMT1 and DNMT3B, for association with Suicide Attempt (SA) among patients with co-existing psychiatric illness. In addition, global DNA methylation levels (5-methyl cytosine (5-mC%)) between SA and psychiatric ...
Maurino Veronica G - - 2012
Photosynthetic organisms, such as cyanobacteria, algae, and plants, sustain life on earth by converting light energy, water, and CO(2) into chemical energy. However, due to global change and a growing human population, arable land is becoming scarce and resources, including water and fertilizers, are becoming exhausted. It will therefore be ...
Roggero Paola - - 2012
The optimization of the nutritional management of preterm infants has gained importance due to the increased survival of these vulnerable infants. In fact, the achievement of an adequate growth has been associated with a favourable neurodevelopment outcome. Nevertheless, preterm infants still develop severe nutrient deficiencies during the first few weeks ...
Seyedin Steven - - 2012
Survival for pancreatic cancer remains poor. Surgical resection remains the only chance for cure. The intent of this study was to investigate the role of socioeconomic status (SES) on resection rates for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End results database was used to identify patients with ...
Hall Mellisa - - 2012
One out of 2 Americans report drinking on a routine basis, making the excessive consumption of alcohol the third leading cause of preventable death in America (). Alcoholism and depression are common comorbidities that home healthcare professionals frequently encounter. To achieve the best patient outcomes, alcoholism should be addressed initially. ...
Williams Sarah E - - 2012
This research validated and extended the Movement Imagery Questionnaire- Revised (MIQ-R; Hall & Martin, 1997). Study 1 (N = 400) examined the MIQ-R's factor structure via multitrait-multimethod confirmatory factor analysis. The questionnaire was then modified in Study 2 (N = 370) to separately assess the ease of imaging external visual ...
Datskos P G - - 2012
In this Letter, we describe the fabrication of an array of bimaterial detectors for infrared (IR) imaging that utilize SiO<sub>2</sub> as a structural material. All the substrate material underneath the active area of each detector element was removed. Each detector element incorporates an optical resonant cavity layer in the IR-absorbing ...
Mohan Sabitha - - 2012
Directionally selective nonlinear transmission behavior has been observed for simple glass-based two-layer systems in Z-scan experiments employing femtosecond pulses at a wavelength of λ=800  nm. Glass sheets of 1 mm thickness with a very thin surface layer (∼2  μm) containing spherical Ag nanoparticles have been studied. In these samples, irradiating from the substrate ...
Hempel Carolyn - - 2012
Cutaneous drug reactions are among the most commonly reported adverse drug reactions. Drugs prescribed by orthopedic surgeons, such as antibiotics, opiates, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, are common offenders. Cutaneous drug reactions can range from those that are common, mild nuisances to those that are rare, severe, and life-threatening. Medications should ...
Morais M - - 2012
The limited supply of organs restricts the number of transplantations. Studying the families who refuse donation may help to increase the number of transplantations. This descriptive cross-sectional study used a questionnaire to obtain information from 61 family members who had refused to donate organs from January 1997 to December 2004. ...
Felga G - - 2012
Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is an excellent option for patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) within the Milan criteria. Recurrence of HCC has a severe impact on post-OLT survival. In this study, we performed an analysis of post-OLT recurrence pattern of HCC. The prospective cohort of OLT patients included those ...
Zhou Qiuqin - - 2012
Seventeen depsipeptides, xentrivalpeptides A-Q (1-17), have been identified from an entomopathogenic Xenorhabdus sp. Whereas the structure of xentrivalpeptide A (1) was determined after its isolation by NMR spectroscopy and the advanced Marfey's method, the structures of all other derivatives were determined using a combination of stable isotope labeling and detailed ...
Bacchi E - - 2012
Background. Several studies have reported that low body weight and menstrual alterations are very frequent findings in elite dancers, suggesting they could be at risk for associated medical problems. However, it is still largely unknown whether these alterations are also common in the very large number of young amateur dancers. ...
Vetter M - - 2012
Breast cancer is the leading cancer in women with an annual incidence rate of 110/100.000 women in all age groups in Europe. The incidence rate increases in older women. Treatment includes surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy with or without antibody therapy and hormonal treatment. During the last 40 years the survival rate ...
Penfold Robert B - - 2012
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were to ascertain the relative importance of scientific "approval" versus U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulatory approval regarding changes in aripiprazole prescribing rates for treating bipolar disorder and to identify system-level covariates associated with faster regional uptake of aripiprazole. METHODS Medication use data ...
Ide C W - - 2012
There has been a dramatic increase in adult obesity in the Scotland during the past two decades, but little research has been undertaken into populations defined specifically by occupation. The aim of this study was to examine changes in the prevalence of obesity in a group of local authority firefighters ...
Barili Fabio - - 2012
AimsThe European System for Cardiac Operation Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) is widely used for predicting in-hospital mortality after cardiac surgery. A new score (EuroSCORE II) has been recently developed to update the previously released versions. This study was undertaken to validate EuroSCORE II, to compare its performance with the original EuroSCOREs ...
Hattori Keiko - - 2012
Most humans desire a good death, but the nursing literature on culture-specific responses to older life, especially on issues of death and dying among Japanese Americans, is still limited. The pattern of beliefs about a good death held by elderly Japanese Americans living in Hawaii was explored. A qualitative study ...
McGowan Jennifer E - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Late preterm infants (LPIs) (34-36 weeks' gestation) account for up to 75% of preterm births and constitute a significant proportion of all neonatal admissions. This study assessed the impact of neonatal intensive or high-dependency care (IC) on developmental outcomes of LPIs at 3 years of age.METHODS:This cohort study included 225 ...
Nissen Nicholas N - - 2012
Pancreatic fistula (PF) continues to be the Achilles' heel of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) with both morbidity and mortality linked to its occurrence. The optimal drain management strategy after PD remains unclear. We evaluated drain amylase (DA) levels on postoperative Day (POD) 0 to 5 in 76 consecutive patients undergoing PD to ...
Rogers John - - 2012
To identify how to translate dental public health surveillance and broader research into policy and practice. Via a literature review to identify both the potential uses of surveillance data and key elements in the policy making process. Then through a consideration of Australian dental public health examples to identify ways ...
Rosendaal F R - - 2012
See also Lowe GDO. Epidemiology of venous thromboembolism: the need for large (including prospective) studies and meta-analyses. This issue, pp 2186-8 and El-Galaly TC, Kristensen SR, Overvad K, Steffensen R, Tjønneland A, Severinsen MT. Interaction between blood type, smoking and factor V Leiden mutation and risk of venous thromboembolism: a Danish ...
Chitgarha Mohammad Reza - - 2012
We experimentally demonstrate a tunable and reconfigurable optical discrete Fourier transform (DFT) to demultiplex orthogonal-frequency-division-multiplexed subcarriers with 2/3/4 subcarriers at 20/40  GHz frequency spacing. An average power penalty of ∼5  dB (∼3.5) at bit error ratio of 10<sup>-9</sup> is achieved for 4×20  Gbit/s (4×10  Gbit/s) OFDM signal with 20 GHz frequency spacing.
Chen Chih-Wei - - 2012
In this Letter, we present a three-dimensional (3D) imaging system with axially distributed sensing (ADS) using an electronically controlled liquid crystal (LC) lens. The proposed system performed an optical image acquisition by varying the focal lengths of the LC lens without mechanical movements of an image sensor. Multiple images with ...
Dell Agnolo C M - - 2012
There has been a great improvement in transplantation medicine in Brazil in the last 2 decades. However, there remain several barriers regarding notification of brain and cardiac death as well as completion of the donation process. This retrospective study was performed between January 2008 and December 2010. We reviewed all ...
Fiorelli A I - - 2012
Endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) plays an important role in allograft surveillance to screen an acute rejection episode after heart transplantation (HT), to diagnose an unknown cause of cardiomyopathies (CMP) or to reveal a cardiac tumor. However, the procedure is not risk free. The main objective of this research was to describe ...
Turan Taylan - - 2012
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to determine the changes in protein profiles of U-266 multiple myeloma cells in response to Bortezomib. Bortezomib inhibited cell proliferation and increased loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and caspase-3 activity in a dose dependent manner. DECODON Delta2D Version 4.3 software demonstrated 37 differentially ...
Drogoudi Pavlina D - - 2012
Almond protein and potassium (K), phosphorus (P), calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) contents were determined in 72 cultivars and accessions grown in France, Greece and Italy, as part of the networking of European SAFENUT AGRI GEN RES project, which aimed to explore and valorize the almond genetic resources in Europe. ...
Pluess Michael - - 2012
The notion that some people are more vulnerable to adversity as a function of inherent risk characteristics is widely embraced in most fields of psychology. This is reflected in the popularity of the diathesis-stress framework, which has received a vast amount of empirical support over the years. Much less effort ...
O'Neill Patrick Ross - - 2012
We show that DNA hairpins template the site-specific assembly of fluorescent few-atom Ag clusters on DNA nanotubes. Fluorescent clusters form only at hairpin sites and not on the double stranded DNA scaffold, allowing for spatially programmed self-assembly. Ag clusters synthesized on hairpins protruding from DNA nanotubes can have nearly identical ...
Mutlu Asuman - - 2012
Platelet apoptosis and activation have been studied in human platelets treated with BH3-only mimetic ABT-737 and calcium ionophore A23187, agents triggering apoptosis through the intrinsic mitochondrial pathway. Platelet apoptosis was determined as activation of crucial apoptosis-associated caspases, initiator caspase-9 of intrinsic apoptosis pathway, executioner caspase-3 and initiator caspase-8 of extrinsic ...
Giuffrè Mario - - 2012
Aim of the study: Newborns from multiple pregnancies are increasing in number and demonstrate a higher perinatal morbidity and mortality compared to singletons. Prematurity is the main reason for most neonatal diseases in twins, but other variables may play a role and their prenatal evaluation may improve the overall outcome. ...
Manunga Jesse - - 2012
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an increasingly common cause of postoperative surgical site infections (SSIs). It is unclear, however, whether asymptomatic colonization or nosocomial acquisition of MRSA results in postoperative SSI. We conducted a retrospective review of patients screened for MRSA between May 2008 and October 2010 at our institution. ...
Barrow P A - - 2012
As a part of the 40th anniversary celebrations of Avian Pathology we review the last four decades of Salmonella research which has led to major progress in our understanding of the bacteriology and infection biology of the organism through the huge advances in molecular biology and immunology that have accompanied ...
Liotta Dara R - - 2012
Large scars in the head and neck are often the cause of significant emotional distress to patients, and often present unique challenges to the plastic and reconstructive surgeon undertaking their revision. The primary goal of scar revision is to eliminate compromise of function that may have resulted from scar contracture; ...
Newton Jonathon Timothy - - 2012
Promoting the health of populations demands the adoption of a perspective exploring the societal, political, community, family and individual determinants of health. I will argue that to develop interventions to modify health-related behaviours and health risks requires collaboration with a range of disciplines, in order to draw upon their theoretical, ...
Soden Sarah E - - 2012
: Fractures and pain, secondary to low bone mineral density (BMD), have been reported in pediatric patients with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD). The purpose of this study was to assess the BMD of a clinical sample of 10- to 18-year olds with ASD, and the nutrition and physical activity correlates ...
Shen Huanhuan - - 2012
We propose an original cylindrical interferometric out-of-focus imaging setup to realize the characterization of spherical droplets in a volume. The longitudinal position of the droplets is determined through the orientation of the fringes while the diameter of the droplets is obtained from the frequency of the fringes. The experiments agree ...
Sun Jinghua - - 2012
A new antireflective silica film with closed mesopores was successfully prepared for the optical elements used in vacuum of a high-power laser system. The ordered cagelike mesopores were formed with the direction of surfactant F127 and then closed by long-chain fluoroalkylsilane. The grazing incident x-ray diffraction and grazing incident small-angle ...
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