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Results 551 - 600 of 3887
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Miranda M P - - 2012
Some special situations may require aortic clamping during pancreas transplantation (PT). The most important problem is ischemic injury to a previous transplanted kidney. We sought to demonstrate experience with aortic clamping in PT without special kidney allograft protection measures and its impact on kidney function. Retrospective study that analyzed 6 ...
Keystone Edward C EC Mount Sinai Hospital and the University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. - - 2012
This 5-year observational posthoc analysis of the REFLEX study and its open-label extension assessed clinical efficacy, radiographic response, and safety of rituximab (RTX) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who had an inadequate response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors. Patients in REFLEX were originally randomized to placebo (PBO) + ...
Meldrum Kirstan K KK Department of Urology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA. - - 2012
IL-18 induces profibrotic changes in TECs independent of TGF-β1 activity. IL-18 stimulates the TLR4 promoter via AP-1 activation to increase TLR4 expression in TECs and stimulates profibrotic changes in TECs through increased TLR4 expression/signaling. The profibrotic effect of IL-18 in TECs is mediated through stimulation of TLR4 expression via activation ...
Ermeydan Mahmut A - - 2012
Wood has an excellent mechanical performance, but wider utilization of this renewable resource as an engineering material is limited by unfavorable properties such as low dimensional stability upon moisture changes and a low durability. However, some wood species are known to produce a wood of higher quality by inserting mainly ...
Catalano A - - 2012
Background: Several studies have reported increased fracture risk in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM). Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS) provides information on the structure and elastic properties of bone, which are important determinants of fracture risk, along with bone mineral density. Aim: To study phalangeal sites by QUS, examine bone turn-over markers ...
Murthi Anand M - - 2012
Approximately 20% of all shoulder dislocations occur in patients aged >60 years. Older patients who sustain a primary shoulder dislocation are much less likely than younger patients to suffer from recurrence. However, older patients are more likely than younger patients to sustain injuries to the rotator cuff, axillary nerve, or ...
Melero Cristóbal - - 2012
Neophylpalladium complexes of the type [Pd(CH(2)CMe(2)Ph)(N-O)(L)], where N-O is picolinate or a related bidentate, monoanionic ligand (6-methylpyridine-2-carboxylate, quinoline-2-carboxylate, 2-pyridylacetate or pyridine-2-sulfonate) and L is pyridine or a pyridine derivative, efficiently catalyze the oxidation of a range of aliphatic, benzylic and allylic alcohols with oxygen, without requiring any additives. A versatile ...
Kasapbasi Esra E - - 2012
Recently it was discovered that the iron coordination complex L(N4)Fe(II)(OTf)(2) (1) (L(N4) = neutral tetraazadendate ligand and OTf = OSO(2)CF(3)) and its analogues are efficient water oxidizing catalysts (WOCs) in aqueous acidic solution with excess amount of ceric(IV) ammonium nitrate (CAN), [Ce(IV)(NO(3))(6)](NH(4))(2), as sacrificial oxidants. The probable mechanism of water ...
Heller Anne - - 2012
Citrate complexes are the dominant binding form of trivalent actinides and lanthanides in human urine at pH < 6. Hence, an accurate prediction of the speciation of these elements in the presence of citrate is crucial for the understanding of their impact on the metabolism of the human organism and ...
Samaco Rodney C RC Jan and Dan Duncan Neurological Research Institute, Texas Children’s Hospital, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2013
Rett syndrome (RTT) is an X-linked neurological disorder caused by mutations in the gene encoding the transcriptional modulator methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2). Typical RTT primarily affects girls and is characterized by a brief period of apparently normal development followed by the loss of purposeful hand skills and language, the onset ...
Moyers Theresa B TB Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse and Addictions (CASAA), Department of Psychology, University of New - - 2013
One of the largest determinants of client outcomes is the counselor who provides treatment. Therapists often vary widely in effectiveness, even when delivering standardized manual-guided treatment. In particular, the therapeutic skill of accurate empathy originally described by Carl Rogers has been found to account for a meaningful proportion of variance ...
Hein Gustavo J GJ Molecular Structure and Function, Research Institute, The Hospital for Sick Children, and Department of Biochemistry and Laboratory Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2013
The glucagon-like peptides (GLP-1 and GLP-2) are processed from the proglucagon polypeptide and secreted in equimolar amounts but have opposite effects on chylomicron (CM) production, with GLP-1 significantly reducing and GLP-2 increasing postprandial chylomicronemia. In the current study, we evaluated the apparent paradoxical roles of GLP-1 and GLP-2 under physiological ...
Jiménez-Trejo Francisco - - 2012
Serotonin (5-HT) is produced in the central nervous system (CNS) and in some cells of peripheral tissues. In the mammalian male reproductive system, both 5-HT and tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) have been described in Leydig cells of the testis and in principal cells of the caput epididymis. In capacitated hamster sperm, ...
Hyphantis Thomas N - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To evaluate prospectively the relationship between neurocardiogenic syncope (NCS) and depressive symptoms in pediatric patients.METHODS:Forty-five patients (aged 12.3 ± 2.9 years) with NCS (diagnosed as ≥1 syncopal episodes with typical symptoms, reproduced by tilt-table testing, in the absence of structural or primary electrical heart disease) were compared with 45 age- ...
Hellings P W - - 2012
State-of-the-art documents like ARIA and EPOS provide clinicians with evidence-based treatment algorithms for allergic rhinitis (AR) and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), respectively. The currently available medications can alleviate symptoms associated with AR and RS. In real life, a significant percentage of patients with AR and CRS continue to experience bothersome symptoms ...
Brindley Melinda A - - 2012
Paramyxoviruses contain glycoprotein fusion machineries that mediate membrane merger for infection. The molecular framework and mechanistic principles governing receptor-induced triggering of the machinery remain unknown. Using measles virus (MeV) fusion complexes, we demonstrate that receptor binding to only one dimer of the tetrameric attachment protein (H) dimer-of-dimers induces fusion-protein (F) ...
Tymula Agnieszka - - 2012
Adolescents engage in a wide range of risky behaviors that their older peers shun, and at an enormous cost. Despite being older, stronger, and healthier than children, adolescents face twice the risk of mortality and morbidity faced by their younger peers. Are adolescents really risk-seekers or does some richer underlying ...
Wagner Justin - - 2012
We retrospectively reviewed a series of 516 patients with motorcycle (n = 353) and bicycle (n = 162) injuries; 384 patients (74%) were younger than age 50 years and 132 (26%) were older. No significant differences by age group were seen in gender, helmet use, substance use, complications, or mortality. ...
Lewis Jenny M - - 2012
In policy studies, an enduring research question is why some issues are taken seriously while others never become a central focus of policy making. This study aims to analyse the predecision stage of policy making and examines the position of oral health on the broader health policy agenda. A study ...
Kappetein A Pieter - - 2012
Objectives The aim of the current Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC)-2 initiative was to revisit the selection and definitions of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI)clinical endpoints to make them more suitable to the present and future needs of clinical trials. In addition, this document is intended to expand the understanding ...
Hahn P - - 2012
MRI diagnostic is used for wrist pain diagnostic frequently. Clinical studies in specialized centers show high sensitivity and specificity concerning TFCC lesions. The aim of this study is a comparison of MRI and arthroscopy regarding TFCC lesions not in a specialized but in a common medical environment.We retrospectively recorded all ...
Norbash Alexander - - 2012
The affordable health care act of Massachusetts, signed into law in 2006, resulted in 98% of Massachusetts residents' having some form of insurance coverage by 2011, the highest coverage rate for residents of any state in the nation. With a strong economy, a low unemployment rate, a robust health care ...
Kalita Jayantee - - 2012
: This study was undertaken to document the muscle involvement in dengue virus infection using quantitative electromyography (QEMG). : The patients with dengue myopathy were subjected to clinical examination including muscle power, tone, reflex, and sensations. Blood counts, hemoglobin, hematocrit, serum creatine kinase (CK), and electrolytes were determined. The QEMG ...
Güther R - - 2012
The recently calculated high diffraction efficiencies for TE- and TM-polarized light (perfect blaze) for echelette gratings are explained by four-wave interference, which is formed as a double periodical pattern in the cross section of the grating plane. The blazed grating profile should match this interference pattern for a single reference ...
Kim Tae Kyun - - 2012
This study was performed to establish simple algorithms to predict proper screw lengths for the 4 proximal holes of TomoFix plates (Synthes GmbH; Solothurn, Switzerland) based on radiographic mediolateral (ML) and anteroposterior (AP) dimensions of the proximal tibia and to determine how well these algorithms function for navigation-controlled medial opening-wedge ...
da Silva A M O - - 2012
Electromyography (EMG) is the examination of skeletal muscle membrane electrical activity in response to physiologic activation. In healthy muscles, the square root (root mean square [RMS] is related to the amplitude of the obtained signal. Respiratory muscles are studied, especially those important for compliance, the diaphragm and the rectus abdominis. ...
Yu Hua-Zhong - - 2012
Traditional methods of disease diagnosis are both time-consuming and labor-intensive, and many tests require expensive instrumentation and trained professionals, which restricts their use to biomedical laboratories. Because patients can wait several days (even weeks) for the results, the consequences of delayed treatment could be disastrous. Therefore, affordable and simple point-of-care ...
Li An - - 2012
The intake of edible oil containing trans-fatty acids has deleterious effects mainly on the cardiovascular system. Thermal processes such as refining and frying cause the formation of trans-fatty acids in edible oil. This study was conducted to investigate the possible formation of trans-fatty acids because of the heat treatment of ...
Nery Arthur A - - 2012
Modern medicine will unequivocally include regenerative medicine as a major breakthrough in the re-establishment of damaged or lost tissues due to degenerative diseases or injury. In this scenario, millions of patients worldwide can have their quality of life improved by stem cell implantation coupled with endogenous secretion or administration of ...
Risal Prabodh - - 2012
In this study the protective effects of davallialactone (1), isolated from Inonotus xeranticus, have been examined against carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced acute liver injury. Mice received subcutaneous injection of 1 (2.5, 5, and 10 mg/kg) for three days before CCl(4) injection (1 mg/kg). Protection from liver injury by 1 was confirmed ...
Hellgren Karl-Johan - - 2012
Purpose:  To presents results after 18 months of follow-up of a longitudinal study aiming at exploring the correlation between diabetic retinal vascular lesions and functional change. Methods:  Patients were consecutively recruited from attendees to the screening program for diabetic retinopathy. Subjects are followed every sixth month for the first 3 years and ...
Sikkema Kathleen J KJ Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-0086, USA. - - 2013
To examine whether (a) Living in the Face of Trauma (LIFT), a group intervention to address coping with HIV and childhood sexual abuse (CSA), significantly reduced traumatic stress over a 1-year follow-up period more than an attention-matched support group comparison intervention; and (b) reductions in avoidant coping over time mediated ...
Meher Jaya Gopal - - 2012
Context: Citronella oil is reported to have excellent mosquito-repellent activity. To develop a stable cream formulation (emulsion), its hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB) value is important. Objective: To determine required hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (rHLB) value of citronella oil and to develop stable cream formulation. Materials and Methods: Emulsions of citronella oil were prepared ...
Suetsugu Noriyuki - - 2012
Chloroplasts require association with the plasma membrane for movement in response to light and for appropriately positioning within the cell to efficiently capture photosynthetic light. In Arabidopsis, CHLOROPLAST UNUSUAL POSITIONING 1 (CHUP1), KINESIN-LIKE PROTEIN FOR ACTIN-BASED CHLOROPLAST MOVEMENT 1 (KAC1) and KAC2 are required for both the proper movement of ...
Zhang Xiu-Chun - - 2012
Abstract In 2006, an unusual nosocomial outbreak of anaplasmosis occurred in Anhui Province, China. To follow these emerging tickborne-rickettsioses, a larger survey of Ehrlichia chaffeensis and Anaplasma phagocytophilum seroprevalence among farm worker populations, and the divergence of the partial 16S rRNA gene sequences of A. phagocytophilum among domestic animals, were ...
Joos Leen - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Differences in clinical characteristics between early and late onset alcohol dependent patients have been examined intensively, but little is known about the differences in neuropsychological functioning between these patient groups. Clinical characteristics and neuropsychological functions of inpatients with early onset and late onset alcohol dependence are therefore investigated in ...
Cosman Joshua D - - 2012
A number of studies have demonstrated that the likelihood of a salient item capturing attention is dependent on the "attentional set" an individual employs in a given situation. The instantiation of an attentional set is often viewed as a strategic, voluntary process, relying on working memory systems that represent immediate ...
Lamm Matthew S - - 2012
Amorphous solid dispersions of clotrimazole in the polymer Kollidon VA64 were prepared as films in concentrations from 0% to 100% in 10% by weight increments. Nanoindentation was performed on each film at 18% and 49% relative humidity to assess the effect of drug loading and humidity on the mechanical properties ...
Li Ailin - - 2012
Proton transfer (PT) via the Grotthuss mechanism in liquid imidazole (im) at 393 K is studied with molecular dynamics simulation using a reactive multistate empirical valence bond (MS-EVB) model. It is found that the proton is tightly binded to an imidazole to form an imidazolium (imH+), which is solvated in ...
Tülpar Sebahat - - 2012
Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation on the peritoneal morphology and inflammation markers in rat models of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Materials and methods: Wistar albino rats were divided into two groups: control (C) (n = 8) and experimental groups (n = 50). PD ...
Goodwin Donna L - - 2012
There has been little critical exploration of the ethical issues that arise in professional practice common to adapted physical activity. We cannot avoid moral issues as we inevitably will act in ways that will negatively affect the well-being of others. We will make choices, which in our efforts to support ...
Chaudhry Kashif N - - 2012
Data from randomized controlled trials suggest that treating hypertension in the elderly, including octogenarians, may substantially reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and death. However, treatment remains challenging because of comorbidities and aging-related changes. We present common case scenarios encountered while managing elderly patients with hypertension, including secondary hypertension, adverse ...
Ting-A-Kee Ryan R Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Terrence Donnelly Centre for Cellular and Biomolecular Research, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E1, Canada. - - 2012
Opiates are a highly addictive class of drugs that have been reported to possess both dopamine-dependent and dopamine-independent rewarding properties. The search for how, if at all, these distinct mechanisms of motivation are related is of great interest in drug addiction research. Recent electrophysiological, molecular, and behavioral work has greatly ...
Bieck Ashley D - - 2012
The percentage of US seniors choosing primary care careers remains well below the nation's future workforce needs. Data in this article are collected from the 2012 National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) Main Residency Match and the 2012 American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) Medical Education Residency Census, which had a ...
Van Hove Geert - - 2012
Abstract In this article, the authors relate the life of Chris through narrative snapshots. Chris asked the authors to tell her story. They decided that it could be used to provide an insight into the different ways people with labels are confronted with professional practices and rituals. Although Chris lived ...
Qureshi Moqueet A - - 2012
This study determined the effect of pulmonary disease on outcomes after endovascular abdominal (EVAR) and endovascular thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (eTAAA) repair. A prospective study of high-risk patients undergoing EVAR and eTAAA repair between 1998 and 2009 was used to contrast clinical and endovascular outcomes between patients with (group 1) and ...
Bohensky Megan A - - 2012
To assess the use of elective knee arthroscopy procedures for all adults 20 years and older, and for adults with a concomitant diagnosis of osteoarthritis (OA) in Victoria. Retrospective, longitudinal cohort study of 807 030 elective orthopaedic admissions using routinely collected public and private hospital data from 1 July 2000 ...
Sorvajärvi Tapio - - 2012
A sensitive and selective optical technique to detect potassium chloride (KCl) vapor is introduced. The technique is based on the photofragmentation of KCl molecules, using a pulsed UV laser, and optical probing of the temporarily increased amount of potassium atoms with a near-infrared laser. The two laser beams are aligned ...
Kim Kyoohyun - - 2012
A simple and practical method for measuring the angle-resolved light scattering (ARLS) from individual objects is reported. Employing the principle of inline holography and a Fourier transform light scattering technique, both the static and dynamic scattering patterns from individual micrometer-sized objects can be effectively and quantitatively obtained. First, the light ...
Sadhu Anita - - 2012
The purpose of this anatomic study was to determine the extent of lateral dissection that can be performed during anterior cervical decompression and fusion to maximize decompression without compromising the vertebral arteries. Although vertebral artery injury is rare, it is sometimes catastrophic and leads to significant morbidity and mortality. Previous ...
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