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Kappetein Arie Pieter - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC)-2 initiative was to revisit the selection and definitions of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) clinical endpoints to make them more suitable to the present and future needs of clinical trials. In addition, this document is intended to expand the ...
Pather Sugeshnee - - 2012
Adrenal cortical carcinomas (ACC) are rare tumours, most commonly reported in adult patients. However, an important peak in incidence occurs in paediatric patients. ACC is a rare cause of paediatric endocrinopathy which may masquerade as a non-neoplastic disease process. Herein we present ACC in a five-year-old female patient. Histopathological features ...
Gwilliam B - - 2012
BackgroundClinicians' prognoses in patients with advanced cancer are imprecise. The aim of this study was to compare doctors', nurses' and patients' survival predictions and to identify factors which influence accuracy.Patients and methodsSome 1018 patients with advanced cancer were recruited. Survival estimates were obtained from the attending doctor, nurse, multidisciplinary team ...
Leventhal John M - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Although US child protective services data showed a 55% decrease in the national incidence of substantiated physical abuse from 1992 to 2009, no study has tracked the occurrence of serious injuries due to physical abuse. This study examined changes in the incidence of serious injuries due to physical ...
Sun Xue-Lian - - 2012
• Premise of the study: Expressed sequence tag (ESTs)-derived microsatellite markers were developed in Lathyrus sativus by screening the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) database. The usefulness of these novel markers was validated for size polymorphism among grasspea accessions.• Methods and Results: Three hundred EST-simple sequence repeat (SSR) primer ...
Rohatiner Tamar - - 2012
Postoperative diet advancement in patients undergoing elective small bowel or colorectal surgery by general surgeons (GSs) and colorectal surgeons (CRSs) was prospectively evaluated. Demographic (age and gender), disease location (small bowel or colorectum), surgical approach (laparoscopic or open), and surgeon characteristics (GS or GRS) were tabulated. Postoperative feeding after surgery ...
Su Rongtao - - 2012
Coherent beam combining of an 800 W nanosecond single-frequency fiber amplifier array has been demonstrated. Five high-power all-fiberized Yb-fiber amplifiers were tiled into a crisscross array, and the laser beams were actively phase-locked by using the stochastic parallel gradient descent algorithm. The contrast of the far-field intensity pattern of the combined ...
Shimobaba Tomoyoshi - - 2012
The angular spectrum method (ASM) calculates diffraction calculation in a high numerical aperture, unlike Fresnel diffraction. However, this method does not allow us to calculate at different sampling rates on source and destination planes. In this Letter, we propose a scaled ASM that calculates diffraction at different sampling rates on ...
Tripuraneni Krishna R - - 2012
Hip hemiarthroplasties are frequently performed for displaced femoral neck fractures. The purpose of this study was to identify the costs associated with cementless and cemented hemiarthroplasties, compare operative times, and identify complications. The hypothesis was that cementless hemiarthroplasties cost less than cemented hemiarthroplasties, require less operative time, and have fewer ...
Salvalaggio P R - - 2012
In 2006, the Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) was launched as a new liver allocation system in Sao Paulo, Brazil. We designed this study to assess the results of the new allocation policy on waiting list mortality. We reviewed the state of Sao Paulo liver transplant database from July ...
Fiorelli A I - - 2012
Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is the most commonly valvular dysfunction found after heart transplantation (HTx). It may be related to endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) performed for allograft rejection surveillance. This investigation evaluated the presence of tricuspid valve tissue fragments obtained during routine EMB performed after HTx and its possible effect on short-term ...
Furusaka Tohru - - 2012
Abstract Conclusion: Patients who received concurrent chemoradiation therapy with carboplatin were followed up on a long-term basis. In 25 patients treated with carboplatin at an AUC of 2.0 mg/ml, the complete response (CR), 10-year survival, and 10-year larynx preservation rates were 96.0%, 91.1%, and 75.2%, respectively, and the safety margin ...
Rodrigues H C M L - - 2012
This article focuses on maternal-fetal surgery (MFS) and on the concept of clinical equipoise that is a widely accepted requirement for conducting randomized controlled trials (RCT). There are at least three reasons why equipoise is unsuitable for MFS. First, the concept is based on a misconception about the nature of ...
Hondros Christopher J - - 2012
Understanding hole/electron-transfer processes among interacting constituents of multicomponent molecular architectures is central to the fields of artificial photosynthesis and molecular electronics. Herein, we utilize a recently demonstrated (203)Tl/(205)Tl hyperfine "clocking" strategy to probe the rate of hole/electron transfer in the monocations of a series of three thallium-chelated porphyrin dyads, designated ...
Lokappa Sowmya Bekshe - - 2012
Caveolin-1 has an atypical membrane-spanning domain comprising of 34 residues. Caveolin-1 targets to lipid droplets under certain conditions, where they are involved in signaling and cholesterol balance. In the present study, membrane association of synthetic peptides corresponding to the membrane-spanning domain of caveolin-1 has been investigated to obtain an insight ...
Miller Portia - - 2012
Rural and suburban children account for the majority of poor children in the United States. Yet, most research examining poverty's associations with child development is focused on urban samples. Using nationally representative data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (N ≈ 6,600), this study examines whether the form ...
Kim Jonghwan - - 2012
Surface plasmon has unique capability to concentrate light into sub-wavelength volume1-5. Active plasmon devices using electrostatic gating can enable flexible control of the plasmon excitations6, which has been demonstrated recently in terahertz plasmonic structures7-9. Controlling plasmon resonance at optical frequencies, however, remains a significant challenge because gate-induced free electrons have ...
Gürsoy Hare - - 2012
Absrtact Objective: The objective of this preliminary study was to evaluate the occluding effect of topical gaseous ozone application and Er:YAG laser on human dentine tubules by scanning electron microscopic (SEM) analysis. Methods: Twenty-four dentine specimens were divided into three groups. Group I, including specimens treated only with citric acid, ...
Quintana Eider - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To analyse morbidity and mortality in twin pregnancies as a function of the type of delivery and chorionicity. Design: Retrospective cohort study Methods: Analysis of the type of delivery, intertwin time interval, and perinatal variables of > 1 000 twin deliveries during a ten-years period. Main Outcome Measure: ...
Ivanov S V - - 2012
Treatment options for adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the salivary gland, a slowly growing tumor with propensity for neuroinvasion and late recurrence, are limited to surgery and radiotherapy. Based on expression analysis performed on clinical specimens of salivary cancers, we identified in ACC expression of the neurotrophin-3 receptor TrkC/NTRK3, neural ...
Kelley-Quon Lorraine I - - 2012
Pyloromyotomy is a common surgery performed for hypertrophic pyloric stenosis at community and children's hospitals. To determine hospital-level factors that may affect clinical outcomes, infants requiring pyloromyotomy from 1999 to 2007 (n = 8379) were retrospectively reviewed from the California linked birth cohort data set. Hospital case volume and type ...
Demmler Stefan - - 2012
Optical parametric amplifiers (OPAs) impose an optical parametric phase (OPP) onto the amplified signal. It manifests itself as a spectral phase in the case of broadband signals and, therefore, hampers pulse compression. Here we present, for the first time, a complete experimental characterization of this OPP for different ultra-broadband noncollinear ...
Mills Andrew A - - 2012
We demonstrate coherent phase locking of a room-temperature continuous-wave quantum cascade laser (QCL) at 9.1 μm to a Tm-fiber laser frequency comb centered at 2 μm, with an integrated residual phase error of 0.9 rad (30 mHz to 1.5 MHz). This resulted in a QCL linewidth reduction from 525 to 25 kHz at 1 ms observation time, ...
Mihalko William M - - 2012
The next generational leap in computer navigation will hopefully aid surgeons in personalizing surgical techniques to patients' individual anatomical variables to optimize outcomes. To effectively use the information obtained in the operating room, a multitude of kinematic variables must be conveyed to the orthopedic surgeon in a usable and coherent ...
Santos G G D - - 2012
The identification of the psychological issues that impair the quality of life and the adherence to treatment in transplant candidates are important. This study evaluated the presence of symptoms of depression and the quality of life of liver transplant candidates. One hundred liver transplant candidates underwent a psychological analysis using ...
Makanji H S - - 2012
The diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is often applied in the absence of objectively verifiable pathophysiology (i.e. electrophysiologically normal carpal tunnel syndrome). The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether depressive symptoms, heightened illness concern, and pain catastrophizing are associated with an absence of electrophysiological abnormalities. The ...
Sauzet O - - 2012
In cluster-randomised trials, the problem of non-independence within clusters is well known, and appropriate statistical analysis documented. Clusters typically seen in cluster trials are large in size and few in number, whereas datasets of preterm infants incorporate clusters of size two (twins), size three (triplets) and so on, with the ...
Lee Ji-Seon - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: In ankylosing spondylitis (AS), the cervical spine, like other sections of the spine and sacroiliac joints, is vulnerable during the disease process. Atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS) has been studied in connection with AS, but its risk factors and progression have not been clarified. Therefore, this study assessed the prevalence and ...
Kuo Po-Lin - - 2012
Inflammatory tumor microenvironments play pivotal roles in the development of cancer. Inflammatory cytokines such as CXCL1/GRO exert cancer-promoting activities by increasing tumor angiogenesis. However, whether CXCL1/GRO also plays a role in the progression of prostate cancer, particularly in highly invasive castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), has not been investigated. We explored ...
Dupras Charles - - 2012
A rich literature in public health has demonstrated that health is strongly influenced by a host of environmental factors that can vary according to social, economic, geographic, cultural or physical contexts. Bioethicists should, we argue, recognize this and - where appropriate - work to integrate environmental concerns into their field ...
Chiesi Francesca - - 2012
The South Oaks Gambling Screen-Revised for Adolescents (SOGS-RA) is one of the most widely used measures of adolescent gambling. We aimed to provide evidence of its suitability as a screening tool applying item response theory (IRT). The scale was administered to 981 adolescents (64% males; mean age = 16.57 years, ...
Gomez Daniel - - 2012
Coupling between excitons of CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots (NQDs) and surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) of a Ag film attached to a prism have been studied by steady-state and transient reflectivity measurements in the Kretschmann geometry. In these experiments the angle of incidence of the probe beam selects hybrid exciton/SPP states ...
Salerno Patricia E - - 2012
The flattop mountains (tepuis) of South America are ancient remnants of the Precambrian Guiana Shield plateau. The tepui summits, isolated by their surrounding cliffs that can be up to 1000 m tall, are thought of as "islands in the sky," harboring relict flora and fauna that underwent vicariant speciation due ...
Sulkers Esther - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Dispositional optimism is often considered to be a unidimensional construct. Recent studies suggest, however, that optimism and pessimism are separate dimensions. In this study we investigated two issues. First, the levels of optimism and pessimism in adolescents with cancer compared with healthy controls and second, the individual effects of ...
Kim Youngdeok - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate rater effects on the TGMD-2 when it applied to children with intellectual disability. A total of 22 children with intellectual disabilities participated in this study. Children's performances in each of 12 subtests of the TGMD-2 were recorded via video and scored by ...
Young Richard A - - 2012
Background and Objctives: Adjusted for inflation, household income has been relatively flat since the mid-1990s, but the inflation rate of employer-sponsored health insurance has been greater than both household income growth and general inflation for 50 years. We estimated the effect on average family income if health insurance inflation matched ...
Lobanov Valery E - - 2012
We show that Anderson localization is possible in waveguide arrays with periodically spaced defect waveguides having a lower refractive index. Such localization is mediated by Bragg reflection, and it takes place even if diagonal or off-diagonal disorder affects only defect waveguides. For off-diagonal disorder the localization degree of the intensity ...
Kokkalis Zinon T - - 2012
Posterior dislocation of the shoulder is an uncommon injury. Diagnosis is difficult and often missed. Once diagnosed, management must be individualized depending on the amount of the defect of the humeral head and the time from injury. This article presents a case of a 40-year-old man with a 4-month history ...
Tirapani L S - - 2012
The relationship between socioeconomic status and clinical outcome in health and disease is complex and multifactorial. An association between low socioeconomic status and shorter patient survival in renal replacement therapy, dialysis, and transplantation, has been reported, implicating individual and environmental factors. We sought to analyze the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics ...
Gilloteaux Jacques - - 2012
Androgen-independent, human prostate carcinoma cells (DU145) develop into solid, carcinomatous xenotransplants on the diaphragm of nu/nu mice. Tumors encompass at least two poorly differentiated cell types: a rapidly dividing, eosinophilic cell comprises the main cell population and a few, but large basophilic cells able to invade the peritoneal stroma, the ...
Wang Baochang - - 2012
Density functional theory (DFT) calculations have been employed to explore the gas-sensing mechanisms of NiO (100) surface on the basis of energetic and electronic properties. We have calculated the adsorption energies of NO(2), H(2)S, and NH(3) molecules on NiO (100) surface using GGA+U method. The calculated results suggest that the ...
Kim Joonhyeon - - 2012
We investigated the dispersion effect of crystalline silicon nanoparticles (SiNP) on the performance and stability of organic solar cells with the bulk heterojunction (BHJ) films of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and [6,6]-phenyl-C(61)-butyric acid methyl ester (PC(61)BM). To improve the dispersion of SiNP in the BHJ films, we attached octanoic acid (OA) to ...
Gupta Sumit Kumar - - 2012
Rotationplasty is a reconstructive, limb-sparing option for management of lower extremity bone deficiency. This technique involves an intercalary resection, followed by 180° rotation of the distal limb to allow the ankle to function as a knee joint when it is fitted with a modified below-knee prosthesis. Gait analysis and functional ...
Bareither Mary Lou - - 2012
The effectiveness of clay modeling to written modules is examined to determine the degree of improvement in learning and retention of anatomical 3D relationships among students with different learning preferences. Thirty-nine undergraduate students enrolled in a cadaver dissection course completed a pre-assessment examination and the VARK questionnaire, classifying learning preference ...
Huang Lulu - - 2012
Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is a highly conserved pathway that was originally identified as a RNA surveillance mechanism that degrades aberrant mRNAs harboring premature termination (nonsense) codons. Recently, it was discovered that NMD also regulates normal gene expression. Genome-wide studies showed that ablation of NMD alters the expression of ∼10% ...
Salminen Eeva K - - 2012
Background. Lung cancer and mesothelioma are malignant tumors with generally dismal prognosis and therefore palliative pain treatment constitutes a challenge for the clinician. Objectives. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of pain treatment with opioids among mesothelioma and lung cancer patients treated for palliation and assess ...
Xia Qinqin - - 2012
Iron-catalyzed direct C-N bond formation between azoles and amides is described. The oxidative coupling reactions of sp3 C-H bond adjacent to a nitrogen atom in amides and sulfonamides with the N-H bond in azoles proceeded smoothly in the presence of FeCl2 and di-tert-butyl peroxide (DTBP).
Tatar Carrie - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis is a sexually dimorphic (SD) disease that causes oligodendrocyte death, but SD of glial cells is poorly studied. Here, we analyze SD of neural progenitors in 6-8 weeks and 6-8 months normal C57BL/6, SJL/J, and BALB/c mice in the subventricular zone (SVZ), dorsolateral horn (DLC), corpus callosum (CC), ...
McKillop William M - - 2012
Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) found in perineuronal nets and in the glial scar after spinal cord injury have been shown to inhibit axonal growth and plasticity. Since we have previously identified SOX9 as a transcription factor that upregulates the expression of a battery of genes associated with glial scar formation ...
Oh Han-Jin - - 2012
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of umbilical cord serum (UCS) eye drops on corneal wound healing and haze in a mouse model of ocular chemical burn and compare with that of peripheral blood serum (PBS) eye drops or artificial tears (AT). Methods: Chemical burn of the ocular surface was induced ...
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