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Oliaei Sepehr - - 2012
Recent advances in optical technologies have produced laser systems capable of optimizing the appearance of scars from various etiologies. Laser treatment can commence as early as the time of the initial injury and as late as several years after the injury. Optimal results can now be attained with minimal down ...
Sivaneswaran Shanti - - 2012
The State of New South Wales (NSW) in Australia has over half a century of experience with water fluoridation. Yass was the first town to be fluoridated in 1956 and Sydney in 1968, and by the late 1970s, approximately 90% of NSW was fluoridated. However, since then, there have been ...
van der Hoek Frouwien D - - 2012
: To compare components of health-related physical fitness between Dutch children with clinically diagnosed developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and typically developing children (TDC), and to examine associations between motor performance problems and components of health-related fitness in children with DCD. : A multicenter case-control study was used to compare health-related ...
Kee Ying Hwa - - 2012
We examined whether the momentary induction of state mindfulness benefited subsequent balance performance, taking into consideration the effects of dispositional mindfulness. We also tested whether our mindfulness induction, grounded in sustaining moment-to-moment attention, influenced the attentional focus strategies that were adopted by the participants during the balancing task. Balance performance ...
Liu Ken - - 2012
The confinement of light within nanometer-scale regions may result in the significant enhancement of light-matter interactions. However, light confinement to nanometers is hindered by the diffraction limit of a dielectric material. For a dielectric cavity, if the material loss is negligible, reducing the cavity size usually causes a significantly increase ...
Lee Yong Seuk - - 2012
Little information exists on the intraoperative difficulties and complications of using a RetroButton (Arthrex, Inc, Naples, Florida), which is a new suspensory device. However, some difficulties are encountered, such as incomplete sitting, pulling at the outside portion of the iliotibial band, or slipping during distal pulling due to incomplete transverse ...
Burcelin Rémy - - 2012
The recent epidemic of obesity and diabetes and the diversity at the individual level could be explained by the intestinal microbiota-to-host relationship. More than four million gene products from the microbiome could interact with the immune system to induce a tissue metabolic infection, which is the molecular origin of the ...
Salvalaggio P R - - 2012
Early allograft dysfunction (EAD) had been related to poor transplant outcomes during the early years of liver transplantation. We sought to determine the incidence of EAD at our unit and to evaluate its impact on posttransplant outcomes. This single-center retrospective study included primary deceased donor liver grafts transplanted under the ...
Bookman Arthur A M - - 2012
In 2009, the Canadian Rheumatology Association (CRA) became the major shareholder of The Journal of Rheumatology Publishing Company Limited, the main holding of which was The Journal of Rheumatology. The CRA made the decision to do this because The Journal was a much-valued publication with an international face, and it ...
Montgomery Katherine L - - 2012
Research on juvenile offenders has largely treated this population as a homogeneous group. However, recent findings suggest that this at-risk population may be considerably more heterogeneous than previously believed. This study compared mixture regression analyses with standard regression techniques in an effort to explain how known factors such as distress, ...
Matsui Hisanori - - 2012
Metastin/kisspeptin, a hypothalamic peptide, plays a pivotal role in controlling GnRH neurons. Here we studied the effect of chronic sc administration of two kisspeptin analogs, KISS1-305 and TAK-448, on hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal function in male rats in comparison with a GnRH analogue leuprolide or bilateral orchiectomy (ORX). The prototype polypeptide, KISS1-305 (1-4 ...
Ma Jian - - 2012
AIMS: Doxorubicin causes damage to the heart, often leading to irreversible cardiomyopathy, which is fatal. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) or oxidative stress is involved in cardiomyocyte death, contributing to doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity. This study investigated the role of Rac1, an important subunit of NADPH oxidase in doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity and the underlying ...
Cénit Maria Carmen - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a genetically complex autoimmune disease; the genetic component has not been fully defined. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) plays a crucial role in immunity and fibrosis, both key aspects of SSc. We investigated the influence of IL6 gene in the susceptibility and phenotype expression of SSc. METHODS: ...
Garner Bridget C - - 2012
A 5-year-old male neutered reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) from Missouri was presented with a 3-week history of anorexia, respiratory distress, lethargy, and weight loss. Blood smear review revealed that a small percentage of RBCs contained small (1-2 μm in length) pleomorphic piroplasms (signet ring, rod- or pear-shaped, and elongate forms) with ...
Hofmann S - - 2012
Background and objective: Ectodomain shedding is a major mechanism to modulate platelet receptor signaling and to downregulate platelet reactivity. Proteins of the a disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM) family are implicated in the shedding of various platelet receptors. The signaling lymphocyte activation molecule (SLAM) family receptor CD84 is highly expressed in ...
Arrington Amanda K - - 2012
Despite the wide acceptance of laparoscopic surgical techniques, its use for gastric cancer has been limited. Laparoscopic total gastrectomy poses many technical challenges when compared with open gastrectomy. Our objective was to evaluate our institutional experience and surgical technique for total gastrectomy. Through a review of patients undergoing total gastrectomy ...
Vogt R - - 2012
In the following article we evaluate the clinical and radiological results after PIP joint replacement to answer the question if the outcome improved over the last years.In a retrospective clinical study 53 patients with 66 PIP joint implants (SBI-Avanta, Small Bone Innovations, Inc.) were assessed on the basis of clinical ...
Roberts-Thomson Kaye - - 2012
There are two well described methods to improving health: an individual risk assessment approach and a whole population approach. This study explores the limitations of the individual approach to public health, and the success and limitations of the population approach. A theoretical approach with examples from general and oral health ...
Becker Gary J - - 2012
Value-based payment modifiers were legislated by Congress in the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. It is clear in the legislation, and the corresponding proposals published by the secretary of the US Department of Health and Human Services in late 2011, that the intent is to move from paying ...
Vossler David G - - 2012
: Medial temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) with hippocampal sclerosis has both a scalp EEG initial ictal discharge frequency, which is faster, and also an intracranial EEG onset site that is more restricted to the hippocampus, than lateral TLE without hippocampal sclerosis. This study was performed to determine if lateral TLE ...
Shumelyuk A - - 2012
Self-diffraction with the appearance of higher diffraction orders is discovered when writing a grating with a single sub-100 fs pulse in a nominally undoped Sn<sub>2</sub>P<sub>2</sub>S<sub>6</sub> sample. The short time of grating development, dependence of diffraction efficiency on the recording light intensity, correlation of wavelength dependence of efficiency with the spectrum of ...
Inori Fumiaki - - 2012
In total hip arthroplasty (THA) for dysplastic hip osteoarthritis, bony deformity makes it difficult to identify the correct cup height and medialization. The authors developed a new technique for registration and navigation of cup position for dysplastic hips using an imageless navigation system. Eighty dysplastic hips (Crowe type I, n=58; ...
Levy Ryan M - - 2012
Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) has become an established approach for the treatment of esophageal carcinoma. In comparison with open esophagectomy MIE reduces blood loss, respiratory complications, and length of hospital stay. At the University of Pittsburgh, the authors now predominantly perform a laparoscopic-thoracoscopic Ivor Lewis esophagectomy. This article details this ...
Kroth L V - - 2012
Polyomavirus BK (BKV) is currently considered one of the most important infectious diseases in kidney transplants recipients. The prevalence of decoy cells (viral containing shed urothelial cells) in these patients varies between 20% and 60%. Of decoy-positive patients, 1%-8% develop BKV nephropathy, a finding that may be associated with graft ...
Murphy Timothy F - - 2012
Jürgen Habermas has argued against prenatal genetic interventions used to influence traits on the grounds that only biogenetic contingency in the conception of children preserves the conditions that make the presumption of moral equality possible. This argument fails for a number of reasons. The contingency that Habermas points to as ...
Buehlmeier Judith - - 2012
High sodium chloride (NaCl) intake can induce low-grade metabolic acidosis (LGMA) and may thus influence bone and protein metabolism.We hypothesized that oral potassium bicarbonate (KHCO(3)) supplementation may compensate for NaCl-induced, LGMA-associated bone resorption and protein losses. Eight healthy male subjects participated in a randomized trial with a crossover design. Each ...
Kohn Gregory M - - 2012
Many species exhibit behavioral tendencies that are stable over time and across contexts. Robust variation in sociability, or the propensity to approach others, is widespread across the vertebrates. Nonetheless, the influence of sociability on reproductive performance is largely unknown. In this study, we explore the relationship between sociability and reproductive ...
Moreno Francisco A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE Depression affects nearly one in five Americans at some time in their life, causing individual suffering and financial cost. The Internet has made it possible to deliver telemedicine care economically to areas and populations with limited access to specialist or culturally and linguistically congruent care. METHODS This study compared ...
Welti S - - 2012
In Switzerland postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS), caused by porcine circovirus type 2, was detected for the first time in 2001. To comprise the PMWS epizooty in 2003 - 2006 retrospectively, individual animals were diagnosed according to internationally accepted criteria and temporal and regional patterns of the epizooty were reconstructed. ...
Parthasarathi Ramya - - 2012
Understanding and controlling how carbon nanotubes interact with phospholipid membranes is necessary for preventing adverse effects of these relatively new, but still exciting materials. Futuristic applications envision incorporating carbon nanotubes in liposomes for personalized medicine, controlled delivery, and imaging. Because of their ability to penetrate phospholipid bilayers, nanotubes could serve ...
Römling Ute - - 2012
Biofilm formation of microorganisms causes persistent tissue and foreign body infections resistant to treatment with antimicrobial agents. Up to 80% of human bacterial infections are biofilm associated; such infections are most frequently caused by Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Enterobacteria such as Escherichia coli. The accurate diagnosis of ...
Yamaguchi Hitomi - - 2012
Nicotianamine is a nonproteinogenic amino acid, known to be an important metal chelator in plants. Recently, the antihypertensive effect of nicotianamine was discovered. In this study, a simple method to determine nicotianamine was developed using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) with a multimode ODS column. This method does not need ...
Metzger-Filho O - - 2012
BackgroundThe prognostic value of histologic grade (HG) in invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) remains uncertain, and most ILC tumors are graded as HG2. Genomic grade (GG) is a 97-gene signature that improves the prognostic value of HG. This study evaluates whether GG may overcome the limitations of HG in ILC.MethodsGene expression ...
Lu Jiang-Jie - - 2012
• Premise of the study: Expressed sequence tag (EST)-derived simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were developed in Dendrobium officinale by screening a cDNA library. The loci were verified by sequencing and explored for polymorphism among 19 genotypes and transferability among 30 other distantly related Dendrobium species.• Methods and Results: One ...
Masliah-Planchon Julien - - 2012
Delta storage pool deficiency (δ-SPD) is a rare heterogeneous group of platelet disorders characterized by a reduction in the number or content of dense granules. δ-SPD causes a mild to moderate bleeding diathesis characterized mainly by mucocutaneous bleeding. Currently, no specific treatment is available and the therapeutic approach is based ...
Grave de Peralta L - - 2012
We explore the wide-field optical nanoimaging capabilities of the surface plasmon polariton (SPP) tomography technique. We show that nanofeatures with lateral dimensions smaller than λ/20 can be observed in the surface emission (SE) images of plasmonic crystals with a period of 300 nm. Moreover, as a proof-of-concept, we demonstrate that ...
Hallett Andrew J - - 2012
The iridium(iii) cyclometalation of alkylated pyrene-benzimidazole ligands proceeds in an unprecedented manner. The resultant complexes display remarkably enhanced photooxidation capabilities using 1,5-dihydroxynaphthalene as a substrate.
Masoomi Hossein - - 2012
Acute respiratory failure (ARespF) is a common complication after esophagectomy that contributes to higher morbidity and mortality. Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database, we sought to identify predictors of ARespF in 6352 patients who underwent esophagectomy for malignancy between 2006 and 2008. Multivariate regression analyses were performed to identify preoperative ...
Marashi-Pour Sadaf - - 2012
Objective: Accurate estimates of risk of death from melanoma, based on the most recent information, are desirable, especially if secular improvements in survival have occurred. This study aims to investigate prognostic factors and temporal changes in mortality from primary invasive cutaneous melanoma (CM) and to predict cumulative probabilities of death ...
McGrath Colman - - 2012
This Festschrift provides important and valuable guidance on population oral health. It is unfortunate that it coincides with the retirement of one of population oral health's pioneers, Professor John (AJ) Spencer, who has made significant contributions to the subject over the last 35 years. Oral diseases and disorders remain prevalent and ...
Kalani M Yashar S - - 2012
Intradural spinal teratomas are rare tumors of the spinal cord that are infrequently encountered in children. Although the mechanistic basis for the formation of these tumors is unclear, several lines of evidence suggest that a dysembryogenic process in the embryo results in their formation. The authors present a case of ...
Cui Hai-Xu - - 2012
The Gouy phase shift of optical beams in anisotropic indefinite metamaterials displays extraordinary characteristics because of the presence of anisotropic magnetic and electric responses. We propose a simple interpretation of these characteristics from the unusual dispersion relation of the optical waves in the metamaterials, which influences the expectation value of ...
Nellans Kate - - 2012
Failure after ulnar nerve decompression at the elbow can be defined as either no change in the patient's symptoms or an initial improvement with recurrence, making the patient history essential in the work-up. Failure may be due to diagnostic, technical, or biologic factors. Technical errors and the development of perineural ...
Lu Feizhou - - 2012
Spinal gout is rare in patients younger than 45 years, occurring most commonly between ages 45 and 80 years. This article describes a 29-year-old man with a history of gout initially observed more than 20 years previously who presented with lower back pain and left lower limb weakness. Computed tomography ...
Malheiro J - - 2012
Hyperuricemia is a common complication after kidney transplantation that may adversely affect graft survival. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of hyperuricemia in a sample of adult kidney graft recipients and to investigate its predictors. A total of 302 patients were included in the study. We used univariate analyses ...
Mundin Gill E - - 2012
Objectives: To formally establish the relationship between oxycodone dissolution, in vitro, from a prolonged-release, oral, combination of oxycodone and naloxone (OXN PR) tablets with in vivo absorption, by developing a validated Level A in vitro/in vivo correlation (IVIVC) and subsequently ascertaining the temporal absorption of oxycodone during gastrointestinal transit. Methods: ...
Cavigliasso Germán - - 2012
The structural and bonding properties of the dinitrogen-bridged diniobium [(Cy(2)N)(3)Nb(μ-NN)Nb(NCy(2))(3)] complex experimentally characterized by Berno and Gambarotta, which exhibits a strongly activated N-N bond of 134 pm, have been explored using density functional methods and compared with those of a series of related [(R(2)N)(3)Nb(μ-NN)Nb(NR(2))(3)] (R = H, Me, (i)Pr, (t)Bu, ...
Ainscough Eric W - - 2012
The synthesis and characterization of the fluxional, d(10) cyclotriphosphazene complexes, [MLCl(2)] (M = Zn, Cd, and Hg; L = spiro-[(1,1'-biphenyl)-2,2'-dioxy]tetrakis(4-methyl-2-pyridyloxy)cyclotriphosphazene), are described. Single-crystal X-ray structures show that the zinc complex has crystallized into two crystal forms: one as a tetrahedral species, with a N(2)Cl(2) donor set in which a geminal ...
Kumari Monika - - 2012
Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles with appropriate surface chemistry have been widely used with potential new applications in biomedical industry. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the size-, dose-, and time-dependent effects, after acute oral exposure to iron oxide-30 NP (Fe(2)O(3)-30), on various biochemical enzyme activities of clinical ...
Graffmo Karin S - - 2012
A common cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is mutations in the gene encoding superoxide dismutase-1. There is evolving circumstantial evidence that the wild-type protein also can be neurotoxic and that it may more generally be involved in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. To test this proposition more directly we ...
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