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Results 351 - 400 of 4409
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Cipriani Nicole A - - 2012
Context.-Usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) is a common chronic interstitial pneumonitis. It can occur idiopathically (I-UIP) or in the setting of systemic connective tissue disease (CTD-UIP). Some studies suggest that CTD-UIP has a better prognosis than I-UIP. The histologic differences between CTD-UIP and I-UIP are not clearly defined. Objective.-The purpose of ...
Leinberry Charles F - - 2012
In 1987, Duncan et al.(1) reported on a survey of the members of the American Society for the Surgery of the Hand (ASSH) about their practices in treating carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). To better understand changes in the treatment of CTS over the past 25 years, we repeated the survey ...
Kusamura Shigeki - - 2012
Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) are complex procedures with a very steep a learning curve (LC). This study evaluates the LC of CRS and HIPEC in a single-center experience of peritoneal surface malignancies (PSMs). Approximately 140 to 150 cases were necessary for the acquisition of competence in ...
Yan Mei - - 2012
We report for the first time the highly selective semihydrogenation of alkynes using the unsupported nanoporous gold (AuNPore) as a catalyst and organosilanes with water as a hydrogen source. Under the optimized reaction conditions, the present semihydrogenation of various terminal- and internal-alkynes affords the corresponding alkenes in high chemical yields ...
Alvarez I - - 2012
A total of 180 mtDNA sequences from hair Caribbean (93), West African (73) and Canarian-wooled (14) sheep were analysed to shed light on the origin of hair sheep. A comparison of 360 Iberian sheep sequences retrieved from GenBank was performed to assess a possible European origin of the Caribbean hair ...
Alber Ina - - 2012
We report on the experimental and the theoretical investigation of multipole surface plasmon resonances in metal nanowires conductively connected by small junctions. The influence of a conductive junction on the resonance energies of nanowire dimers was simulated using the finite element method based software CST Mircowave Studio and experimentally measured ...
Fuchs Florent - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of completing a second trimester ultrasound scan of obese pregnant women in one session, compare the quality of images and analyse factors that can improve the completion rate. Study Design: This prospective study, from 2009 to 2011, included every obese pregnant woman (prepregnancy BMI>30 kg/m(2) ...
Nikolopoulos Hara - - 2012
In 2008, the Alberta government released the Alberta Nutrition Guidelines for Children and Youth (ANGCY) as a resource for child care facilities to translate nutrition recommendations into practical food choices. Using a multiple case study method, early adoption of the guidelines was examined in two child care centres in Alberta, ...
Liu Qian - - 2012
Polymethacrylate with semiconducting side chains (P1), synthesized by free radical polymerization, was used as a donor material for polymer solar cells. P1 is of high molecular weight (M(n) = 82 kg mol(-1) ), good thermal stability, narrow band gap (1.87 eV), and low-lying HOMO energy level (-5.24 eV). P1 possesses ...
Hernández-García E - - 2012
CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 5 month-old male diagnosed with congenital nystagmus and oculocutaneous albinism. The initial examination showed pendular horizontal nystagmus with high amplitude and without blocking position or foveal fixation periods. A 2.5 IU injection of botulinum toxin was administered in the horizontal rectus muscles ...
Chen Lan-Hui - - 2012
Aims and objectives.  The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of continuous passive motion on the range of motion, postoperative pain and life quality of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty within six months after the operation. Background.  Total knee arthroplasty reduces pain and improves range of motion ...
Nasr Ashraf Y - - 2012
To describe the patterns of formation, level of beginning, variations of course, and relation of the median nerve within the arm of human cadavers. Sixty upper limbs of 20 male and 10 female adult human cadavers were used in this study. The cadavers were obtained from the Anatomy Department, Faculty ...
Ishibashi Hironori - - 2012
The successful key of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for mediastinal tumor should be appropriate surgical approach according to the site of tumor and relationship between large vessels and tumor. We retrospectively reviewed VATS for mediastinal tumor for 2 years. Thirty-three patients underwent surgery for mediastinal tumor, 19 patients by VATS;12 ...
Pareja Rossina G - - 2012
Excessive demands on maternal nutritional status may be a risk factor for poor birth outcomes. This study examined the association between breastfeeding during late pregnancy (≥28 weeks) and the risk of having a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) newborn, using a matched case-control design (78 SGA cases: birthweight <10th percentile for gestational age; ...
Arinaitwe Kenneth - - 2012
In the first study of its kind in Africa, PAHs were measured in high volume (24 hr) air samples collected from two sampling stations, at Kakira and Entebbe (KAK and EBB respectively) within the Lake Victoria watershed in Uganda, to assess source contributions and generate a baseline reference dataset for ...
Yang You-Hao - - 2012
Super gas barrier thin films, fabricated with layer-by-layer assembly of polyethylenimine and graphene oxide, exhibit significantly reduced oxygen and carbon dioxide transmission rates. This thin film's nanobrick wall structure also provides high gas selectivity for hydrogen.
Liu Cong-Rong - - 2012
A range of arylallenes undergo carbocation-initiated cyclization reaction with N-benzylic and N-allylic sulfonamides in the presence of 10 mol% ferric chloride to give structurally diverse polysubstituted indenes in good yields with extremely high regioselectivity.
Giammarioli Stefania - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aims were to collect data on consumption of different food supplements in a sample of the adult Italian population and to characterize users by demographic, physical and health-related characteristics, lifestyle and behaviour. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: The study was conducted in 2008 in ten towns of Italy (two ...
Bunner Christina - - 2012
Because peer review is central to the publication of rigorous research, periodic assessment of the process's effectiveness is clearly warranted. Two online surveys, one for authors (n = 102) and the other for Editorial Board members (n = 20), were conducted to assess their perspectives on the quality and timeliness of peer review. ...
Mayer Deborah K - - 2012
October has become synonymous with pink ribbons and breast cancer. You can't miss the numerous events and products that raise awareness of breast cancer and funds for research. Today's public discussion and media presence regarding breast cancer has dramatically changed in the past 40 years. In the 1970s, Betty Ford ...
Nakamura Ken - - 2012
We describe a case of replacement with a cryopreserved homograft for graft infection. A 48-year-old man had been performed ascending aorta replacement using woven dacron graft for type A aortic dissection. Two months ago, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection was suspected because of high-grade fever. Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed abcess ...
Carr Rachel - - 2012
Reversible and selective binding of a dynamically racemic europium(iii) complex to α(1)-acid glycoprotein and α(1)-antitrypsin is characterised by a significant change in the europium total emission spectral fingerprint and the switching on of a large circularly polarised luminescence (CPL) signal from the metal centre. Observation of an induced CD into ...
Wang Changshan - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: Precise understanding of radiation effects is critical to development of new modalities for the prevention and treatment of radiation-induced damage. In this study, we evaluated the effects of non-lethal doses of X-ray irradiation on human hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) reconstituted in NOD/Shi-scid, IL2Rγ(null) (NOG) immunodeficient mice. ...
Glover D C - - 2012
Routine metabolism (i.e. standard metabolism plus a low level of activity) of coastal largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides from Mobile-Tensaw Delta, AL, U.S.A. was examined as a function of temperature (15, 20, 25 and 30° C), salinity (0, 4, 8 and 12) and body mass (range 24-886 g) using flow-through respirometry. ...
Vrochides Dionisios - - 2012
ABSTRACT Background/Aims: An end-to-side biliodigestive anastomosis is the most common procedure performed in hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery, and this procedure may become technically demanding. A telescopic ureterovesical anastomosis is frequently used in transplant surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of constructing a telescopic biliodigestive anastomosis. Methodology: The ...
Woo Eiki - - 2012
We experienced 2 patients who died early after emergency cardiac operation because of malignant diseases. In one case, we operated on a 67-year-old woman for infective endocarditis and performed aortic valve replacement, but she died of terminal pancreatic cancer on the 26 postoperative day. In the other case, a 53-year-old ...
Sugarbaker Paul H - - 2012
The benefits that are reported in patients who have carcinomatosis from colorectal cancer increase as the extent of disease within the abdomen and pelvis decreases. To optimize treatments that involve cytoreductive surgery and perioperative chemotherapy, early intervention is necessary. Strategies to improve the results of carcinomatosis treatments include second-look surgery ...
Röhner Eric - - 2012
ABSTRACT In septic joint surgery, treatment with antiseptics is a standard procedure. Postinfectious degeneration of cartilage often results in early arthritis that necessitates joint replacement, even in young patients. It is still unclear whether antiseptics have only a toxic effect on chondrocytes or also induce late cell death through apoptosis. ...
Kurai Makoto - - 2012
We performed thoracoscopic thymectomy using a method in which the anterior chest wall was lifted by Kirschner wire passed through the subcutaneous tissue. Between April 2011 and May 2012, 5 cases underwent thoracoscopic thymectomy using this method. Postoperative complications, especially subcutaneous hematoma and pain in the anterior chest wall through ...
Avital Itzhak - - 2012
Upwards of 40% of patient with colorectal cancer develop peritoneal carcinomatosis (CRCPC). Of the 2500 patients reported in the literature, 1000 underwent cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), resulting in median survival of 22 to 63 months. However, level I data from prospective randomized trials are limited. Further ...
Foster John G - - 2012
The phosphoinositide 3-kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin/protein kinase B (PI3K/mTOR/Akt) signaling pathway is central to a plethora of cellular mechanisms in a wide variety of cells including leukocytes. Perturbation of this signaling cascade is implicated in inflammatory and autoimmune disorders as well as hematological malignancies. Proteins within the PI3K/mTOR/Akt pathway therefore ...
Ebokaiwe Azubike P - - 2012
Biometal accumulation may contribute to organ toxicity in individuals using the Nigerian bonny light crude oil (BLCO) for ailment management. We assessed the levels of biometals, antioxidant status, along with histomorphometric analysis to investigate the effect of BLCO, commonly use in folklore medicine, on the brain. Adult male Wistar rats ...
Johnson Eric S - - 2012
Comparative effectiveness research includes cohort studies and registries of interventions. When investigators design such studies, how important is it to follow patients from the day they initiated treatment with the study interventions? Our article considers this question and related issues to start a dialogue on the value of the incident ...
Rana Utpal - - 2012
The formation of unique polyaniline nanotubes has been reported in presence of graphene oxide (GO) which plays crucial dual role as dopant and soft template, simultaneously. GO in nanotubes is in situ reduced to reduced GO with restoration of electrical conductivities and enhanced thermal stabilities.
Kouzoupis Anastasios V - - 2012
Evidence suggests that gender differences appear in a variety of biological and psychological responses to stress and perhaps in coping with acute and chronic illness as well. Dysfunctional parenting is also thought to be involved in the process of coping with stress and illness; hence, the present study aimed to ...
Maruyoshi Keisuke - - 2012
Two-dimensional (1)H double-quantum and (14)N-(1)H & (1)H-(13)C heteronuclear magic-angle spinning (MAS) NMR spectra recorded at natural isotopic abundance identify specific intermolecular COOHN(arom) and CH(arom)O[double bond, length as m-dash]C hydrogen-bonding interactions in the solid-state structure of an indomethacin-nicotinamide cocrystal, thus additionally proving cocrystal formation.
Tatsumi Sawako - - 2012
Small intestine plays an important role in the sensing of various nutrients. There is information that would imply the existence of a dietary phosphate sensing mechanism within the intestine. Recent studies suggest that intestinal factors may involve in the alteration of renal phosphate transport. The elucidation of the phosphate sensing ...
Abdel Rasoul G M - - 2012
Lead still remains an important problem for poor, inner-city, ethnic minority children, with a particular emphasis on lead paint and dust. In Egypt, there is no national survey about the prevalence of elevated blood lead level among children. To assess the environmental lead level as well as to determine blood ...
Vidal R R - - 2012
Genetic variation and divergence among samples of Chilean hake Merluccius gayi, from three localities off the coast of Chile and one locality off the coast of northern Peru, were assessed using sequences from the control region of mitochondrial DNA. Homogeneity tests revealed occurrence of at least three distinct genetic stocks ...
Peers Ian S - - 2012
Systematic engagement of statisticians in preclinical research could help address the weaknesses that are undermining the likelihood of subsequent success in drug discovery and development.
Cho Kyung Seu - - 2012
This study examines how different variables affect the quality of life of mothers of children with disabilities. We attempted to identify the relationship between child variables (age and whether the child has single or multiple disabilities), economic variables (monthly income and average monthly treatment cost), mother-related variables (parenting stress) and ...
Jacoby D M P - - 2012
This study was designed to address whether juvenile small spotted catsharks Scyliorhinus canicula aggregate and to determine whether potential aggregation is underpinned by social preferences for conspecifics. Using controlled and replicated experiments, the role of familiarity as a potential mechanism driving aggregation and social behaviour in this species was considered. ...
Elloumi Fatma - - 2012
Esthesioneuroblastoma is an uncommon malignancy originating from olfactive epithelium. Men are more frequently affected than women. Nasal symptoms are the most common revealing signs. Immunohistochemistry helps diagnosis. There is no randomized trial evaluating treatment due to the low incidence of this tumor. Radiotherapy and surgery are the standard of care. ...
Kido Shinsuke - - 2012
Hyperphosphatemia is a common disorder in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) , and may result in hyperparathyroidism and renal osteodystrophy. Hyperphosphatemia also may contribute to deterioration vascular calcification and increase mortality. Hence, correction and prevention of hyperphosphatemia is a main component of the management of CKD. This goal is ...
Horan Kevin - - 2012
You just received the news no one wants to hear. You have cancer. Now what? You might even wonder, "Why me?" So you get educated, read books, search the Internet, and get second opinions but, in the end, you do what you have to do to survive. For some it's ...
Schneider Frank - - 2012
Thoracic manifestations of rheumatic disease (RD) are increasingly recognized as a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Rheumatologic underpinnings have been identified in a significant proportion of patients with interstitial lung disease. The 5 RDs most frequently associated with pleuropulmonary disease are (1) rheumatoid arthritis, (2) systemic lupus erythematosus, ...
Cappelletti Alberto - - 2012
We report the case of a 73-year-old patient with severe left ventricular hypertrophy presenting with acute ST-segment elevation mimicking acute myocardial infarction on ECG during a hypertensive crisis. Unexpectedly, emergency coronary angiography showed no evidence of coronary thrombosis or spasm. Electrocardiographic alterations gradually resolved after lowering blood pressure.
González-Moreno Santiago - - 2012
Several methods of delivering hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) during the course of cytoreductive surgery have been described, but no significant differences in treatment results have been found among them. HIPEC is a safe treatment for the patient and for healthcare workers involved in the procedure provided standard protective and environmental ...
van den Elsen Lieke W J - - 2012
Increased n-6 and reduced n-3 long-chain PUFA (LC-PUFA) intake in Western diets may contribute to the increased prevalence of allergic diseases. Key effector cells in allergy are mast cells (MC). The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of n-6 v. n-3 LC-PUFA on MC phenotype. Human ...
King Jennifer N - - 2012
Two hundred and thirty-two horses with lameness localized to the metacarpo(tarso)phalangeal (MCP/MTP) region without a radiographic diagnosis were evaluated. All horses had high-field magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the MCP/MTP region performed for the lame limb and the contralateral limb for comparison. There were 46 horses that had bilateral abnormalities ...
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