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Results 251 - 300 of 4411
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Pogorzelska Monika - - 2012
We performed a survey of National Healthcare Safety Network hospitals in 2008 to describe adoption of screening and infection control policies aimed at multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) in intensive care units (ICUs) and identify predictors of their presence, monitoring, and implementation. Four hundred forty-one infection control directors were surveyed using a ...
Baeesa Saleh S - - 2012
To describe the prevalence and morphologic characteristics of the foramen arcuale of the atlas vertebra in the Saudi population and propose a simplified classification system. A cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from September 2010 to February 2011. During the 6-month ...
Ohta Morio - - 2012
The use of single-incision laparoscopic surgery is spreading widely, even in Japan, however, in the field of thoracic surgery, there exist no previous reports on the use of the Wound retractor system in single-incision thoracoscopic surgery (SITS) for mediastinal disease. We herein describe the 1st cases of video-assisted SITS of ...
Al-Awadhi Anwar M - - 2012
While von Willebrand factor (vWF) has been reported to be elevated in smokers, there are no reports on the effects of smoking on its cleaving protease ADAMTS-13, particularly in subjects of Arab ethnicity. This study was conducted to determine the effects of smoking on vWF and ADAMTS-13 antigen and activity ...
Day J L - - 2012
A two-year-old spayed female shih-tzu was referred with a 10-month history of lethargy, chronic diarrhoea and weight loss. On presentation, a partial response to antibiotics was noted. Physical examination revealed an abdominal mass, and serum biochemistry and haematology revealed a mature neutrophilia, hypoalbuminaemia and a non-regenerative anaemia. Contrast radiography and ...
Ho E K H - - 2012
Deleterious alleles are constantly introduced into populations due to mutation. In subdivided populations, the impact of these mutations depends on the strength of selection as well as the softness of selection, that is, the extent to which fitness is governed by local rather than global competition. It is widely appreciated ...
Zhao Ying-Yong - - 2012
Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a major challenge for the public healthcare problem. A novel UPLC Q-TOF/MS method with MS(E) data collection mode was developed as a very effective biochemical analytical tool for precise identification of important biomarkers in the adenine-induced CRF rats. Nine endogenous metabolites were identified by using ...
Qu Changhai - - 2012
Context: Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a secondary injury caused by oxidative stresses and inflammatory responses after recovery from cerebral ischemia. Brain protective drugs were used to reduce the injury. In order to improve the distribution in brain and enhance the brain-protective efficacy, some pharmaceutical technologies were used to achieve ...
Martínez-Amorós Erika - - 2012
Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) who require an acute course of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) have high relapse rates. Therefore, an effective maintenance treatment strategy needs to be established. Continuation and maintenance ECT (C/M-ECT) could be an adequate treatment option, although the lack of controlled studies has led to its ...
Tung Yi-Chen YC Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Brisbane, QLD, Australia. - - 2013
To explore how older people maintained and improved their self-efficacy in managing home rehabilitation and their adherence to rehabilitation exercise programmes following orthopaedic surgery. Successful postoperative orthopaedic rehabilitation for older people depends on building their confidence about adherence to exercise programmes designed to improve their functional performance. Many older people, ...
Tatsumi Sawako - - 2012
Small intestine plays an important role in the sensing of various nutrients. There is information that would imply the existence of a dietary phosphate sensing mechanism within the intestine. Recent studies suggest that intestinal factors may involve in the alteration of renal phosphate transport. The elucidation of the phosphate sensing ...
Abdel Rasoul G M - - 2012
Lead still remains an important problem for poor, inner-city, ethnic minority children, with a particular emphasis on lead paint and dust. In Egypt, there is no national survey about the prevalence of elevated blood lead level among children. To assess the environmental lead level as well as to determine blood ...
Vidal R R - - 2012
Genetic variation and divergence among samples of Chilean hake Merluccius gayi, from three localities off the coast of Chile and one locality off the coast of northern Peru, were assessed using sequences from the control region of mitochondrial DNA. Homogeneity tests revealed occurrence of at least three distinct genetic stocks ...
Peers Ian S - - 2012
Systematic engagement of statisticians in preclinical research could help address the weaknesses that are undermining the likelihood of subsequent success in drug discovery and development.
Cho Kyung Seu - - 2012
This study examines how different variables affect the quality of life of mothers of children with disabilities. We attempted to identify the relationship between child variables (age and whether the child has single or multiple disabilities), economic variables (monthly income and average monthly treatment cost), mother-related variables (parenting stress) and ...
Jacoby D M P - - 2012
This study was designed to address whether juvenile small spotted catsharks Scyliorhinus canicula aggregate and to determine whether potential aggregation is underpinned by social preferences for conspecifics. Using controlled and replicated experiments, the role of familiarity as a potential mechanism driving aggregation and social behaviour in this species was considered. ...
Elloumi Fatma - - 2012
Esthesioneuroblastoma is an uncommon malignancy originating from olfactive epithelium. Men are more frequently affected than women. Nasal symptoms are the most common revealing signs. Immunohistochemistry helps diagnosis. There is no randomized trial evaluating treatment due to the low incidence of this tumor. Radiotherapy and surgery are the standard of care. ...
Sadeghian Hakimeh - - 2012
The current study aims to identify demographic, clinical characteristics, echocardiographic and/or mitral valve morphological parameters that may predict the successful result of percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC).  The medical records of 196 patients (48 males, mean age: 42.7 ± 11.5 years) who underwent PTMC were reviewed. Prior to PTMC, a ...
Oostendorp Marlies - - 2012
Context.-Elevated potassium concentrations due to in vitro hemolysis can lead to errors in diagnoses and treatment. Recently, we observed that potassium elevation in capillary samples appeared higher than expected, based on hemolytic index (H-index). Objective.-To investigate the relation between potassium increase and H-index for capillary samples. As a control, the ...
Kuehl W Michael - - 2012
Multiple myeloma is a monoclonal tumor of plasma cells, and its development is preceded by a premalignant tumor with which it shares genetic abnormalities, including universal dysregulation of the cyclin D/retinoblastoma (cyclin D/RB) pathway. A complex interaction with the BM microenvironment, characterized by activation of osteoclasts and suppression of osteoblasts, ...
Hida Yasuhiro - - 2012
Background:Most of mediastinal tumors are benign cysts and neoplasms. Resection is indicated for cystic lesions because of possibility of malignancy, compression symptom and possible rupture in future. However careful observation might be appropriate for asymptomatic tumors without risk of malignancy. Although video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is increasingly performed, its indication ...
Votanopoulos Konstantinos I - - 2012
This article focuses on the use of intraperitoneal hyperthermic chemotherapy for the treatment of peritoneal dissemination from appendiceal primary tumors. The first part of the article details patient selection criteria used at the Wake Forest University School of Medicine and the use of preoperative imaging and endoscopic evaluation in the ...
Matthews Karen A - - 2012
Poor sleep may play a role in insulin resistance and diabetes risk. Yet few studies of sleep and insulin resistance have focused on the important developmental period of adolescence. To address this gap, we examined the association of sleep and insulin resistance in healthy adolescents. Cross-sectional. Community setting in one ...
O'Sullivan Mary M - - 2012
Objectives. Domestic contamination with mold, cockroaches, rodents, and dust worsens asthma severity. This violates warranty of habitability laws in most of the states, but patients often find it beyond their means to remedy their housing situation. We aimed to study the effect of a medical-legal collaborative intervention to force landlords ...
Koppers Gille - - 2012
©2012 Wiley Periodicals, inc. Current guidelines recommend tricuspid valve annuloplasty (TVP) together with mitral valve surgery in cases of tricuspid annulus dilation (≥40 mm) or functional tricuspid valve regurgitation >2/4. Baseline clinical and echocardiographic data of patients undergoing mitral valve surgery in a single tertiary care hospital between 2007 and 2010 ...
Anderson Ngaire H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia rates are reported to vary by ethnicity; however, few studies include body mass index (BMI). Increasing BMI has a dose-dependent relationship with pre-eclampsia, and rates of overweight and obesity as well as ratios of body fat to muscle mass differ between ethnicities. We hypothesised that after adjusting for ...
Mahar Alyson L - - 2012
Purpose: To develop a transdisciplinary conceptualization of social belonging that could be used to guide measurement approaches aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of community-based programs for people with disabilities. Method: We conducted a narrative, scoping review of peer reviewed English language literature published between 1990 and July 2011 using multiple ...
Joo Jong Hoon - - 2012
The electrical conductivities of cathode films on a solid oxide fuel cell electrolyte can be determined quantitatively by in situ infrared spectroscopy over the wide range of temperatures and partial oxygen pressures. This method allows measurement of the electrical conductivity of an electrode film on the electrolyte excluding leakage current ...
Meehan Tom - - 2012
The Mental Health Nurse Incentive Program (MHNIP) was established across Australia during 2007. Under the guidelines for the program, mental health nurses work in partnership with general practitioners (GPs) to assist in the assessment and treatment of those with more severe mental health problems. This paper provides insights, from the ...
Pastore Anna - - 2012
Coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) is present in humans in both the reduced (ubiquinol, CoQ(10)H(2)) and oxidized (ubiquinone, CoQ(10)) forms. CoQ(10) is an essential cofactor in mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, and is necessary for ATP production. Total, reduced and oxidized CoQ(10) levels in skeletal muscle of 148 children were determined by HPLC coupled ...
Tibes Raoul - - 2012
Discovery of the JAK2 V617F mutation in the myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV), and primary myelofibrosis (PMF) has stimulated great interest in the underlying molecular mechanisms and treatment of these diseases. Along with acceleration of technologies, novel mutations in genes such as MPL, LNK, and CBL ...
Kubicek Katrina K Community, Health Outcomes, and Intervention Research Program, The Saban Research Institute, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA. - - 2012
This study was designed to develop a descriptive profile of parents and caregivers who bring their children to the emergency department (ED) for nonurgent issues and to explore the reasons for presenting to an urban hospital pediatric ED for nonurgent conditions. Such work is necessary to develop effective interventions. A ...
- - 2012
The cover art shows simultaneous multi-site two-photon photostimulation along the three-dimensional (3D) dendritic arbor of a layer II neocortical neuron. Three foci positioned at different planes are shown at which glutamate (Glu) is locally released from its chemical cage (MNI) within each focus. Binding of this neurotransmitter to ionotropic ligand-gated ...
Al-Rumayyan Ahmed R - - 2012
To estimate the prevalence of abnormal neuroimaging in children presenting to the emergency department (ED) with a new-onset seizure, and to identify the significant clinical predictors for an abnormal CT scan. In this cross-sectional study, all children age 12 or younger, admitted to the ED at King Abdulaziz Medical City ...
Razzouk Denise - - 2012
This paper summarizes the findings for the Latin American and Caribbean countries of the WPA Task Force on Steps, Obstacles and Mistakes to Avoid in the Implementation of Community Mental Health Care. It presents an overview of the provision of mental health services in the region; describes key experiences in ...
Vichera G - - 2012
Summary This study was designed to evaluate the quality and viability of bovine embryos produced by in vitro fertilization (IVF), after intracytoplasmic injection of pCX-EGFP-liposome complexes or pBCKIP2.8-liposome complexes (plasmids that codify the human insulin gene). Cleavage, blastocysts and expanded blastocysts rates of these both groups were not different from ...
Díaz-Beyá M - - 2013
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t(8;16)(p11;p13) (t(8;16) AML) has unique clinico-biological characteristics, but its microRNA pattern is unknown. We analyzed 670 microRNAs in seven patients with t(8;16) AML and 113 with other AML subtypes. Hierarchical cluster analysis showed that all t(8;16) AML patients grouped in an independent cluster. Supervised analysis ...
Takeda Eiji - - 2012
Since one gram of protein in food provides approximately 15 mg of phosphorus, phosphorus deficiency frequently observed in patients with protein-energy malnutrition (PEM). Chronic phosphorus deficiency in humans causes proximal myopathy. Acute hypophosphatemia may precipitate rhabdomyolysis. Plasma low phosphorus concentration suppresses erythrocyte synthesis and stores of 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG) , which ...
Dacic Sanja - - 2012
The TNM staging system is the most important prognostic factor for lung cancer. The most encountered difficulties in pathologic staging of lung cancer include assessment of pleural invasion, synchronous tumor nodules, and lymph node sampling.
Zhong Quincy Q Section of Reproductive Endocrinology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology; and Institute of Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Neuroscience Program, Georgia Health Sciences University, Augusta, Georgia 30912, - - 2012
Turner syndrome (TS) is a complex developmental disorder in individuals with short stature who possess a 45,X cell line, with or without mosaicism. Because the single X chromosome is maternally derived in 80% of patients, the genesis of the 45,X karyotype is due to instability of the Y chromosome leading ...
Rempel David - - 2012
/st> The design of periodontal curette handles may cause or aggravate arm pain in dental practitioners. The authors conducted a four-month randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effects of curette handle diameter and weight on arm pain among dental hygienists and dentists. /st> One hundred ten dental hygienists and dentists ...
Nemes Attila - - 2012
Three-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography is a new cardiac imaging methodology, which allows three-dimensional non-invasive evaluation of the myocardial mechanics. The aim of this review is to present this new tool emphasizing its diagnostic potentials and demonstrating its limitations, as well. Orv. Hetil., 2012, 153, 1570-1577.
Wai Philip Y - - 2012
In the current environment, pressure is ever increasing to maximize financial performance in surgery departments. Factors such as physician extenders, billing and collection, payor mix, contracting, incentives from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, and administrative incentives may greatly influence financial performance. However, despite a plethora of information from ...
Shi Qiang - - 2012
Background. The measurement of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is important for the diagnosis of intracranial or intraspinal trophoblastic tumors. The current study was performed to establish reference values for AFP in CSF and to explore the relationship of CSF AFP and serum AFP in patients. Material and methods. ...
Pang Huan - - 2012
Porous ZnO-NiO composite micropolyhedrons have been successfully synthesized by calcination of mixed oxalate (Zn(0.9)Ni(0.1)(C(2)O(4))(2)·nH(2)O) precursors in air. The oxalate precursor micropolyhedrons were synthesized by a mild chemical precipitation method without any template or surfactant, and found to have a relatively low decomposition temperature. We have successfully explored the application of ...
Egdell Valerie - - 2012
ABSTRACT Increasing knowledge about factors that shape the development of care networks for people with dementia is imperative in countries with aging populations that are relying increasingly on informal care. This study used a qualitative approach to identify the complex routes through support taken by informal caregivers for people with ...
Butterworth Karl T KT Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, UK. - - 2012
The relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of passive scattered (PS) and pencil beam scanned (PBS) proton beam delivery techniques for uniform beam configurations was determined by clonogenic survival. The radiobiological impact of modulated beam configurations on cell survival occurring in- or out-of-field for both delivery techniques was determined with intercellular communication ...
Gentine Philippe - - 2012
A modified and derived ethanol injection (MDEI) process was developed to produce liposomes. The aim of the present study was to more efficiently control the vesicle diameter than with the conventional ethanol injection method. A hot ethanolic solution of lipids (60°C) was injected into a hot aqueous buffer (70°C). Then, ...
Malek Mojtaba - - 2012
Diabetes mellitus is a global health problem affecting 366 million people worldwide and its prevalence is growing rapidly. Diabetic eye disease is present in up to 25% of diabetic subjects. Diabetic retinopathy is a chronic complication of diabetes that can result in blindness. Generally, there are two stages of diabetic ...
Saremian Jinous - - 2012
Solid papillary carcinomas are tumors morphologically characterized by round, well-defined nodules composed of low-grade ductal cells separated by fibrovascular cores. These tumors are rare and affect predominantly older women. Although they are considered in situ carcinomas, debate and uncertainty still exist regarding their true nature, because immunohistochemistry for myoepithelial cells ...
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