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Results 201 - 250 of 4411
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Li Zhendong - - 2012
To investigate the time expression profile of serum monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, and regulated upon activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) after minor intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). This study was carried out in the Department of Neurology in the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Zhuhai, China. Fifteen ...
Hayashi Masataro - - 2012
Three port complete video-assisted thoracic surgery( 3-port cVATS) is our standard approach for primary lung cancers. The video image for the assistant is inverted, and the access ports are inserted at the best location decided by preoperative simulation surgery. Using this approach, the forceps of the operator are never interfered ...
Le Glou Eric - - 2012
Several lines of evidence indicate that sleep plays a critical role in learning and memory. The aim of this study was to evaluate anesthesia resistant memory following sleep deprivation in Drosophila. Four to 16 h after aversive olfactory training, flies were sleep deprived for 4 h. Memory was assessed 24 ...
Jiang Xingshan - - 2012
Chloroplast biogenesis needs to be well coordinated with cell division and cell expansion during plant growth and development to achieve optimal photosynthesis rates. Previous studies showed that gibberellins (GAs) regulate many important plant developmental processes, including cell division and cell expansion. However, the relationship between chloroplast biogenesis with cell division ...
Jones Teresa H - - 2012
There is an increasing need both to understand the translation of biomedical research into improved healthcare and to assess the range of wider impacts from health research such as improved health policies, health practices and healthcare. Conducting such assessments is complex and new methods are being sought. Our new approach ...
Byrne Louise - - 2012
Mental health policy in Australia is committed to the development of recovery-focused services and facilitating consumer participation in all aspects of mental health service delivery. Negative attitudes of mental health professionals have been identified as a major barrier to achieving these goals. Although the education of health professionals has been ...
Hager Emma B - - 2012
Water-soluble dendritic ligands based on tris-2-(5-sulfonato salicylaldimine ethyl)amine () and DAB-(5-sulfonato salicylaldimine) () (DAB = diaminobutane) were synthesized by means of Schiff base condensation and sulfonation reactions. These dendritic ligands were fully characterized by (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR and FT-IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis and mass spectrometry. Dendritic ligands ( and ...
Jones H - - 2012
Background: Subclinical infection of the sinuses can result in delayed diagnosis and unusual presenting complications. Case report: This paper describes the case of a 14-year-old boy with a rare combination of periorbital cellulitis, subgaleal abscess and superior sagittal sinus thrombosis following a late presentation of unilateral frontal sinusitis. Results: Following ...
Katner David R - - 2012
/st> The dental professional may see pediatric patients who have signs of intraoral trauma, perioral trauma or both. Evaluation should include the possibility of nonaccidental, deliberately inflicted abuse. Reporting such injuries is mandated. /st> The authors reviewed the criminal and civil statutes in all 50 states to determine what role ...
Halfyard E A - - 2012
To estimate mortality rates, assess the spatio-temporal dynamics of natural mortality and examine migratory behaviour during the fresh to saltwater transition, 185 wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar smolts were implanted with coded acoustic transmitters. Seaward migration of tagged S. salar from four river systems in an area of Nova Scotia, ...
Diffee Pamela D - - 2012
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder affecting 18 million Americans. The prevalence of OSA is increasing due to an epidemic rise in obesity, which is a major contributing factor. The primary treatment for OSA is continuous positive airway pressure, designed to maintain a patent airway for unobstructed breathing. ...
Iannuzzi James C - - 2012
We hypothesized that patients referred for the evaluation and management of primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) often do not have pHPT and that they may be harmed by unwarranted parathyroidectomy (PTX). We reviewed all patients who were referred to our endocrine surgery practice between 2008 and 2011 with International Classification of Diseases, ...
Long Jean-Alexandre - - 2012
To assess the impact of imperative or elective indications on the perioperative outcomes of patients undergoing robotic partial nephrectomy. Between January 2008 and August 2011, 381 consecutive robotic partial nephrectomies were retrospectively included. Two groups of patients were identified: those who underwent the procedure for an imperative indication (n = ...
McMahon Chris G - - 2012
Premature ejaculation (PE) is a common male sexual disorder which is associated with substantial personal and interpersonal negative psychological consequences. Pharmacotherapy of PE with off-label antidepressant selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) is common, effective and safe. Development and regulatory approval of drugs specifically for the treatment of PE will reduce ...
Shimada Etsuko - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: To determine the normal range of ionized magnesium (IMg) levels in cord blood during preterm gestation and to investigate whether antenatal Mg administration affects neonatal intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) or patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Methods: In this retrospective case-control study, we reviewed 118 pregnant women with antenatal Mg administration ...
Chen Bei-Yu - - 2012
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has critical functions in promoting survival, expansion, and differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs), but its downstream regulation mechanism is still not fully understood. The role of BDNF in proliferation and differentiation of NSCs through Wnt/β-catenin signaling was studied via cell culture of cortical NSCs, Western ...
Ferreira Julio Ursula - - 2012
Abstract In 2009, the International Judo Federation established a ranking system (RS) to classify athletes and to distribute the competitor quotas of the Olympic Games. However, the RS does not consider the home advantage. This issue has not been studied in judo, and its implications for the RS have not ...
Tobiano Georgia - - 2012
Aims and objectives.  To explore families' perceptions of shift-to-shift bedside handover. Background.  The potential role families can play in bedside handover is unknown. Understanding family members' perceptions can provide a foundation for nurses to tailor their bedside handover to family members' perceptions, encouraging their involvement and potentially improving patient care. ...
Maeda Toyoki - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: The telomere length of somatic cells shortens with age and with other endogenous and exogenous pathogenic factors. However, the effects of radiation therapy on telomere DNA of non-cancer tissue have not been thoroughly investigated. This study analyzed the telomere length of inpatients with cancer treated with radiation therapy ...
Roeder Hilary A - - 2012
We hypothesized that bolus and basal insulin doses in women with type 1 diabetes mellitus who use insulin pumps would increase 2-fold to maintain hemoglobin A1c <6.5% across gestation. This was a retrospective study of 9 women with type 1 diabetes mellitus with preconceptional hemoglobin A1c ≤7.4% using insulin pumps. ...
Lombraña Maria - - 2012
The prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) in 114 patients with prostate cancer treated with radical prostatectomy was examined to determine the efficacy of an ED care program in which nurse-provided education plays a fundamental role in the detection and follow-up of ED as well as in treatment compliance. The nursing ...
Chanlalit Cholawish - - 2012
Stress shielding is known to occur around rigidly fixed implants. We hypothesized that stress shielding around radial head prostheses is common but nonprogressive. In this study, we present a classification scheme to support our radiographic observations. We reviewed charts and radiographs of 86 cases from 79 patients with radial head ...
Rezaie Leeba - - 2012
Suicide by self-immolation, or lighting oneself on fire, is the most common method of suicide used among women in rural Iran. Understanding the underlying mechanisms that may lead women to commit suicide by self-immolation is necessary for the development of empirically-supported prevention programs. Currently, no integrative approach to the risk ...
Matsumura Yuji - - 2012
We retrospectively analyzed surgical approach to cystic thymic lesions based on 25 cases. We classified to 4 groups as follows, 12 thin-wall solitary cysts with low uniform density, 7 solitary cysts with ununiform density, 5 cysts with tumor lesions and 1 multiple cysts. Preoperative image diagnoses were 10 thymic cysts, ...
Dauvilliers Yves - - 2012
To determine the activity of cerebral histaminergic system evaluated by CSF levels of histamine (HA) and tele-methylhistamine (t-MHA), its major metabolite, and their relationships with hypocretin-1 levels in a large population of patients with hypersomnia and neurological conditions. sensitive liquid chromatographic-electrospray/tandem mass spectrometric assay was developed for the simultaneous quantification ...
Hashemzadeh Segherloo I - - 2012
Interrelationships, origin and phylogenetic affinities of brown trout Salmo trutta populations from the southern Caspian Sea basin, Orumieh and Namak Lake basins in Iran were analysed from complete mtDNA control region sequences, 12 microsatellite loci and morphological characters. Among 129 specimens from six populations, seven haplotypes were observed. Based on ...
Cortez M Lorena - - 2012
This work explores the synergistic combination of ionic self-assembly and recognition-directed assembly for the modification of electrode surfaces with redox glycoenzymes on the basis of electroactive glycopolyelectrolyte-surfactant complexes.
Nixon Abigail F - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the probiotic Lactobacillus GG (LGG) in reducing the duration of acute infectious diarrhea in the pediatric emergency department. We conducted a double-blind, randomized controlled trial of children 6 months to 6 years presenting to the pediatric emergency department with ...
Cousins Larry M - - 2012
Comparison of time and outcomes of National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development defined fetal heart rate acceleration criteria at ≤32 weeks (≥10 beats/min, ≥10 seconds) compared with standard criteria (≥15 beats/min, ≥15 seconds). Singleton high-risk pregnancies that were referred for nonstress testing at ≤32 weeks' gestation were randomly ...
Asghari Golaleh - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of diet quality indices in predicting obesity and abdominal obesity in a population in nutrition transition. This study explored the association of the Mediterranean Diet Scale (MDS), Healthy Eating Index-2005 (HEI-2005), and Diet Quality Index-International (DQI-I) with body mass index ...
Sultana R - - 2012
Occupational exposure to cotton dust, fibers, metal fumes and different chemicals used in the apparel manufacturing industries cause a wide range of physical and psychological health problems in the garment workers that may also affect their immune function. To assess the immune system function in garment workers. A total of ...
Silva Marc A - - 2012
In those with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), cognitive and emotional disturbances are often misattributed to that preexisting injury. However, causal determinations of current symptoms cannot be conclusively determined because symptoms are often nonspecific to etiology and offer virtually no differential diagnostic value in postacute or chronic ...
Céspedes A - - 2012
CASE REPORT: We report the case of a child with a sudden loss of vision of the left eye. Ophthalmoscopic examination revealed vitelliform lesions in both foveal centers, as well as an adjacent hemorrhage in his left eye. Fluorescein angiography confirmed the presence of a neovascular membrane in his left ...
Wyant Sheri - - 2012
This study aimed to determine the minimum discard volume from central venous catheters (CVCs) to avoid dilution or contamination from flush or IV fluids. In 93 adult patients with CVCs, minimum discard volume findings were 9 ml for tunneled and 6 ml for nontunneled catheters. Nurses who obtain samples from ...
Albayda Jemima - - 2012
The inflammatory myopathies are a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by muscle weakness and inflammation. Although no standard therapeutic guidelines exist, traditional treatment has included corticosteroids and a variety of second-line immunosuppressants. As treatment of refractory disease has been difficult, newer agents and approaches have been used with varying response. ...
Nordgaard Julie - - 2012
The use of structured psychiatric interviews performed by non-clinicians is frequent for research purposes and is becoming increasingly common in clini-cal practice. The validity of such interviews has rarely been evaluated empirically. In this study of a sample of 100 diagnostically heterogeneous, first-admitted inpatients, the results of an assessment with ...
Al-Niaimi F - - 2012
Background.  Healthcare workers and patients are often exposed to natural rubber latex (NRL) through contact with gloves and various healthcare products, which can potentially cause allergic reactions, with varying degrees of severity. In 2008, the Royal College of Physicians published their first evidence-based guidance on occupational health interventions for latex ...
Elian Nicolas - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of inter-implant distance on interproximal bone utilizing platform switching. Analysis of interproximal bone usually depends on traditional two-dimensional radiographic assessment. Although there has been increased reliability of current techniques, there has been an inability to track bone level changes ...
Verma Sunil - - 2012
Trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) is an antibody-drug conjugate incorporating the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-targeted antitumor properties of trastuzumab with the cytotoxic activity of the microtubule-inhibitory agent DM1. The antibody and the cytotoxic agent are conjugated by means of a stable linker. We randomly assigned patients with HER2-positive advanced ...
Ni Christina - - 2012
The human deafness-pigmentation syndromes Waardenburg syndrome type 2a and Tietz syndrome are characterized by profound deafness but only partial cutaneous pigmentary abnormalities. Both syndromes are caused by mutations in MITF. To illuminate differences between cutaneous and otic melanocytes in these syndromes, their development and survival in heterozygous Microphthalmia-White (Mitf(Mi-wh) /+) ...
Ramos-Quiroga Josep Antoni - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder in adulthood. Its diagnosis requires a retrospective evaluation of ADHD symptoms in childhood, the continuity of these symptoms in adulthood, and a differential diagnosis. For these reasons, diagnosis of ADHD in adults is a complex process which needs effective ...
Kothari R R Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK. - - 2013
There is a large body of evidence indicating that eating disorders (EDs) are characterized by particular neuropsychological profiles. We aimed to further explore whether impairments in neuropsychological functioning previously found in ED groups are present prior to onset, or are secondary to the disorder. Method This is the first study ...
Iijima Katsuya - - 2012
Hyperphosphatemia has clinically been associated with total mortality and cardiovascular mortality in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). Recently, higher serum phosphate levels within the normal range have been shown to be associated with substantially increased risk of cardiovascular events even in patients without CRF. Therefore, it is clear that ...
Sosa Elisabeth C - - 2012
Veno-occlusive disease (VOD) is a potentially fatal complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation that affects the liver, as well as other organs. Although mild cases resolve on their own, severe cases of VOD carry a high mortality rate. The diagnosis usually is clinically based, with nonspecific signs such as weight ...
Mbuagbaw L - - 2012
The palm wine trade is an important economic activity for many tropical rural areas worldwide. In West Africa, palm wine holds high sociocultural and traditional values. Wine tappers often climb very tall trees with rudimentary equipment to harvest palm sap and risk severe injuries in the event of a fall. ...
Kreek Mary Jeanne - - 2012
Addictive diseases, including addiction to heroin, prescription opioids, or cocaine, pose massive personal and public health costs. Addictions are chronic relapsing diseases of the brain caused by drug-induced direct effects and persisting neuroadaptations at the epigenetic, mRNA, neuropeptide, neurotransmitter, or protein levels. These neuroadaptations, which can be specific to drug ...
Deák László - - 2012
The development of insulin therapy has not been stopped since the manufacturing of human insulin, because better mimic of physiological insulin response made it necessary to modify the human insulin molecule in order to create rapidly absorbing insulin analogues and 24-hour acting basal insulin analogues. Clinical observations indicate that the ...
Heffner Jaimee L - - 2012
There is a high prevalence of smoking among individuals with bipolar disorder, yet there have been few efforts to identify potential contributing factors as a means of improving prevention and treatment approaches. The goal of this study was to examine the association between impulsivity and the initiation or maintenance of ...
Fu Jiangang - - 2012
Analysis of volatile components in herbal pair (HP) Semen Persicae-Flos Carthami (SP-FC) was performed by GC-MS coupled with chemometric resolution method (CRM). Furthermore, temperature-programmed retention indices were used together with mass spectra for identification of the volatile components. With the help of CRM, the two-dimensional data obtained from GC-MS instruments ...
Hani Hanady Bani - - 2012
ABSTRACT This study examined two facets of the use of social cues for early word learning in parent-child dyads, where children had an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or were typically developing. In Experiment 1, we investigated word learning and generalization by children with ASD (age range: 3;01-6;02) and typically developing ...
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