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Martínez Rubio M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The purification of commercially prepared triamcinolone acetonide is important in order to avoid the potential toxic side-effects of the solvent benzyl alcohol. We present a new technique for preparation of pure triamcinolone acetonide by dissolving the powder in sterile distilled water with no additional solvents. As the triamcinolone powder ...
Wang Gui-Xia - - 2012
It is proposed that direct electron transfer is dependent on the orientation of the heme plane in cytochrome c (cyt c) assembled on electrode surfaces. Orientation with the heme plane in cyt c parallel to the gold electrode surface favors the direct electron transfer, while vertical orientation of the heme ...
Witt Benjamin L - - 2012
Context.-Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) is a therapeutic option following biopsy diagnosis of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL). Most LEEPs will confirm the HSIL biopsy diagnosis but a number of them will not. Such negative findings suggest the possibility of an incorrect biopsy diagnosis, removal of the lesion by biopsy, ...
Van der Speeten Kurt - - 2012
Peritoneal surface malignancy is a common manifestation of intra-abdominal malignancies. Systemic chemotherapy offers no long-term survival and poor quality of life for these patients in their terminal stages of disease. By contrast, cytoreductive surgery combined with perioperative intraperitoneal and intravenous chemotherapy has resulted in encouraging clinical results. Further improvements should ...
Bradac Carlo - - 2012
Control over the quantum states of individual luminescent nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centres in nanodiamonds (NDs) is demonstrated by careful design of the crystal host: its size, surface functional groups, and interfacing substrate. By progressive etching of the ND host, the NV centres are induced to switch from latent, through continuous, to ...
Nawroth Isabel - - 2012
Background. Radiation-induced fibrosis (RIF) is a dose-limiting complication of cancer radiotherapy and causes serious problems, i.e. restricted tissue flexibility, pain, ulceration or necrosis. Recently, we have successfully treated RIF in a mouse model by intraperitoneal administration of chitosan/siRNA nanoparticles directed towards silencing TNF alpha in local macrophage populations, but the ...
Setaro Jill - - 2012
Examining the care of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is forefront in perianesthesia nursing. The issue of how to effectively manage patients with OSA emerges as the patient presents for surgery. Evaluation of current practice demonstrates a gap in the consistency of care provided to patients with OSA. The ...
Al-Saman Abdulaziz S - - 2012
Pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy presents early in life, even in utero. It is usually refractory to conventional antiepileptic medications and responds only to lifelong pyridoxine supplementation. Seizures are usually generalized tonic clonic. We report a 3-year-old child that was born prematurely at 25 weeks of gestation. He presented with abnormal movements in ...
Carsello Carrie B - - 2012
The clinical importance of elevated serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in patients with normocalcemia after curative parathyroidectomy (PTX) for primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) is unclear. This study sought to determine whether these patients, when compared with those with normal PTH levels, differ in preoperative and pathologic factors and are at increased ...
Taha Emad A - - 2012
To assess the effect of smoking on sperm vitality, sperm DNA integrity, semen reactive oxygen species, and zinc levels in fertile men. One-hundred sixty men were investigated. They were divided into 2 equal groups: healthy fertile nonsmokers and healthy fertile smokers. They were subjected to history taking, clinical examination, and ...
Carroll Linda J - - 2012
Purpose: Pain coping is important in health outcomes. In the current literature, pain coping usually means those goal-directed strategies to manage pain. The study goal was to explore what personal meaning "coping" has for work-disabled individuals in pain. Method: Qualitative, in depth interviews with follow-up verification interviews were conducted with ...
Freysteinson Wyona M - - 2012
Body image in oncology is a relatively unexplored field. Recent interventions have focused on the use of the mirror in assessing body image. The purpose of this narrative is to increase oncology nurses' awareness of the need to adopt such interventions based on expert judgment and practice when empirical evidence ...
Larsen Brandon T - - 2012
Context.-Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias are a subset of diffuse pulmonary interstitial diseases classified by international consensus in 2002 as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, nonspecific interstitial pneumonia, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, acute interstitial pneumonia, respiratory bronchiolitis interstitial lung disease, desquamative interstitial pneumonia, and lymphoid interstitial pneumonia. Each is associated with a characteristic histopathologic pattern. ...
Wolfe Scott W - - 2012
The use of bioabsorbable conduits in digital nerve repair has demonstrated increased efficacy compared to direct repair (for gaps ≤ 4mm) and nerve grafting (for gaps ≥ 8 mm) for sensory recovery in a level 1 human trial. Although nonhuman primate studies on mixed motor-sensory nerves have documented comparable efficacy ...
Anithakumari A M - - 2012
Potato is the third most important staple food crop in terms of consumption, yet it is relatively susceptible to yield loss because of drought. As a first step towards improving drought tolerance in this crop, we set out to identify the genetic basis for drought tolerance in a diploid potato ...
Lenz Markus - - 2012
Selenium (Se) is of key importance to human health with a very narrow concentration range of optimal dietary intake. Due to the inherent analytical challenge linked with the low natural abundance, information on precise and accurate Se speciation in deficient environments is hardly existent. This study presents a novel approach ...
Moore Nicholas - - 2012
Abstract Background and objectives: Breakthrough pain (BTP) is a transitory flare of moderate to severe pain that occurs in patients with stable, controlled persistent pain. Management of BTP episodes is difficult because frequency, time-to-peak intensity, and duration of episodes vary both within and between individuals. Formulations of fentanyl that use ...
Khalil Asma - - 2012
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the association between maternal racial origin and a wide range of adverse pregnancy outcomes after adjustment for confounding factors in obstetric history and maternal characteristics. Methods: This was a prospective screening study for adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with singleton pregnancies ...
Ochwada-Doyle F - - 2012
This study examined the spatio-temporal reproductive patterns, population structure, maturity and growth of Acanthopagrus hybrid complexes, which comprise mainly black bream Acanthopagrus butcheri and the hybrids they form with yellowfin bream Acanthopagrus australis, in two Australian estuaries (Coila and Brou Lakes, NSW). There were no differences between pure A. butcheri ...
Zheng Zhi-Yong - - 2012
The rhodamine 6G(+) -perphenazine (Rhod 6G(+) -PPH) compound is formed in the ester-exchange reaction between -OH of PPH and -COOC(2) H(5) of Rhod 6G(+) . PPH was oxidized to a red compound (PPH') in the presence of K(2) S(2) O(8) . Interestingly, the room temperature phosphorescence (RTP) of Rhod 6G(+) ...
Wilken Marlene K - - 2012
Taste changes in patients undergoing chemotherapy are common and can be of long duration, are associated with poor nutrition, and can reduce quality of life. A pilot study of the fruit Synsepalum dulcificum-known as "miracle fruit"-as a novel supportive intervention was conducted with eight patients with cancer who were being ...
Dolmans Guido H - - 2012
Dupuytren disease (DD) is a benign fibrosing disorder of the hand and fingers. Recently, we identified 9 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with DD in a genome-wide association study. These SNPs can be used to calculate a genetic risk score for DD. The aim of this study was to test ...
Baeesa Saleh S - - 2012
Remote cerebellar hemorrhage (RCH) is a rare complication in neurosurgery that remains enigmatic both in underlying mechanism and clinical behavior. The range of procedures associated with RCH is diverse and includes both supratentorial and spinal procedures that entail significant CSF loss or lesion resection. The risk factors identified in the ...
Wykretowicz Jedrzej - - 2012
Introduction. The relationship between the results of coagulation tests and measures of arterial stiffness or wave reflection has been investigated in different diseases. This exploratory study aimed at the evaluation of similar associations in healthy individuals. Material and methods. Pulse wave analysis of reconstructed aortic pressure waveform for the central ...
Madans Jennifer H - - 2012
Purpose: To describe the methods used by the Washington Group on Disability Statistics (WG) to develop internationally comparable questions on disability that can be used worldwide. Method: The WG approach to developing disability measures included careful consideration of the theoretical and conceptual issues associated with disability, translating disability concepts into ...
Fukaminato Tuyoshi - - 2012
Reversible fluorescence photoswitching of RSA-AZO dyad was clearly demonstrated in an acidic aqueous solution. The fluorescence photoswitching mechanism is based on the reversible ring opening/closing reactions of the RSA unit induced by a photochromic pK(a) change along with the photoisomerization of the AZO unit.
Grover N - - 2012
Objective: We present the first published description of a painful paraganglioma of the external auditory canal. Atypical histopathology made the diagnosis difficult. We discuss the potential pitfalls of clinical diagnosis and treatment of such a case. Clinical presentation: A 49-year-old woman presented with left-sided otalgia, hearing loss and tinnitus. Physical ...
Barnea Eytan R - - 2012
Embryo-derived PreImplantation Factor (PIF) is essential for pregnancy immune modulation and synthetic PIF (sPIF), reverses neuroinflammation, and prevents diabetes mellitus through its immune modulatory properties. Herein, we explore sPIF's systemic effects on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). sPIF's effects on PBMCs and subset populations from nonpregnant patients (n = 7) ...
Negi Shigeo - - 2012
Hyperphosphatemia is the most common complication among patients with chronic kidney disease. Large scale observational studies have identified hyperphosphatemia as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality in hemodialysis patients. The combination therapy of dietary phosphate restriction and phosphate removal with dialysis treatment is still not enough to ...
Amouei A I - - 2012
Long-term exposure to high concentrations of fluoride is associated with several adverse effects on human including dental and skeletal fluorosis. We studied all the groundwater wells located in rural areas of Khaf city, Razavi Province, northeastern Iran between 2009 and 2010. Fluoride concentration of water samples was measured by SPADNS ...
Newton Christina C - - 2012
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with increased bladder cancer incidence in some, but not all, studies. Many studies had limited statistical power and few examined risk by insulin- use, duration of diabetes, or cancer stage. We examined the association between T2DM and bladder cancer incidence in the Cancer ...
El-Mesallamy Hala O - - 2012
Objectives. Pancreatic cancer has an extremely dismal clinical course and high fatality rate. Knowing that, adipokines could regulate insulin resistance, inflammation, immunity and carcinogenesis. Accordingly, an understanding of adipokines in relation to pancreatic cancer could be useful to improve disease outcome. We aimed to determine serum retinol binding protein-4 (RBP-4) ...
Minghetti Luisa - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: Twins represent a unique natural model for studying fetal adaptation to a suboptimal supply of nutrients in utero, the most likely cause of reduced fetal growth, which as been associated with cardiovascular risk. The proposed developmental origin of cardiovascular diseases may offer new venues for investigating the molecular ...
Yang Jinnan - - 2012
DL-2-Amino-4-phosphonobutyric acid (APB) is often used as a tool to block On pathways in studies of interactions between On and Off pathways in retinas. APB is an agonist of mGluR6 receptors and hyperpolarizes the On cone bipolar cells and rod bipolar cells. How APB affects Off responses of retinal ganglion ...
Solheim Tora S - - 2012
Background. There are no established treatments for cachexia. Recently it has been suggested that the evidence for non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) treatment is sufficient to support its regular clinical use. Primary objective in this systematic review was to assess efficacy and safety of NSAID treatment in improving body weight and muscle ...
Diz A P - - 2012
The exposed and sheltered ecotypes of the marine snail Littorina saxatilis from European rocky shores are considered a key model system to study adaptation and ecological speciation. Previous studies showed that two ecotypes (RB and SU) of this species in NW Spain have adapted differently to different shore levels and ...
- - 2012
Cloke D, Moore O, Shah T, Rushton S, Shirley MD, Deehan DJ. Thigh muscle injuries in youth soccer: predictors of recovery. Am J Sports Med. 2012;40(2):433-439. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0363546511428800).
Teke Zafer - - 2012
ABSTRACT Purpose: We aimed to investigate the effects of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) on wound healing in left colonic anastomoses in the presence of intraperitoneal sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in a rodent model. Methods: This experimental study was conducted on 48 male Wistar albino rats. ...
Raju Ravikiran M - - 2012
Proteases have been successfully targeted for the treatment of several diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, multiple myeloma, HIV and hepatitis C virus infections. Given the demonstrated pharmacological tractability of this enzyme family and the pressing need for novel drugs to combat antibiotic resistance, proteases have also attracted interest as ...
Podevin Nancy - - 2012
Gene expression analysis by reverse transcriptase real-time or quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) is becoming widely used for non-model plant species. Given the high sensitivity of this method, normalization using multiple housekeeping or reference genes is critical, and careful selection of these reference genes is one of the most important ...
Fan Dongjiao - - 2012
The aim of the investigation was to compare the effectiveness of two absorption enhancers, sodium caprate (C10) and sodium deoxycholate (SDC), in increasing the bioavailability of a poorly absorbed paracellar flux drug, berberine chloride, across the intestinal mucosae of rats in vivo, together with examination of their effects on mucosal ...
Llorenç V - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology, clinical features and visual prognosis in uveitis associated with demyelinating disease (DD) of the CNS. METHODS: A clinical, retrospective, and descriptive study was performed. Data regarding age at presentation, gender, time from onset was recorded, as well as, type of uveitis, complications, treatment and initial ...
Grimes David Robert - - 2012
While ultraviolet phototherapy is effective at treating a wide range of skin conditions, over exposure to ultraviolet radiation has a number of detrimental effects including but not limited to erythema, ocular damage and even oncogenesis. It is therefore important to quantify and control the dose received in order to maximize ...
Zakareia Faten A - - 2012
To evaluate plasma levels of adrenomedullin (AM) and ghrelin and their correlation with the electrophysiological changes in diabetic neuropathy. The current study was conducted from March 2008 to November 2010 at the Clinical Physiology Department, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on 90 females ...
Sado Tetsu - - 2012
Complete resection of Masaoka stage I and II thymoma leads to good prognosis. In recent years, technological development of endoscopy enables thymectomy by thoracoscopic method instead of median sternotomy approach. We perform thoracoscopic thymectomy for thymoma without myasthenia gravis via 2 trocars introduced in unilateral pleural cavity and a small ...
Hebling Christine M - - 2012
Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea) in addition to milk, eggs, fish, crustaceans, wheat, tree nuts, and soybean are commonly referred to as the "big eight" foods that contribute to the majority of food allergies worldwide. Despite the severity of allergic reactions and growing prevalence in children and adults, there is no cure ...
Hurst Carrie S - - 2012
A total of 40 qualitative studies were reviewed and coded according to the college student stressors they represented. These studies utilized a variety of qualitative methods to examine stressors representing the following themes: relationships, lack of resources, academics, the environment, expectations, diversity, transitions and other stressors. Relationship stressors were the ...
Clemente F - - 2012
We considered genome-wide four-fold degenerate sites from an African Drosophila melanogaster population and compared them to short introns. To include divergence and to polarize the data, we used its close relatives Drosophila simulans, Drosophila sechellia, Drosophila erecta and Drosophila yakuba as outgroups. In D. melanogaster, the GC content at four-fold degenerate ...
Dawber Chris - - 2012
This paper outlines an evaluation of reflective practice groups (RPG) involving nurses and midwives from three clinical nursing specialties at Redcliffe and Caboolture Hospitals, Queensland, Australia. The groups were facilitated by the consultation liaison psychiatry nurse and author using a process-focused, whole-of-group approach to explore clinical narrative in a supportive ...
Sciortino Carmen V - - 2012
The application of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) luminometry for monitoring sanitized hospital surfaces is an evolving infection control practice. The goal of this study is to validate and compare 3 commercially available ATP luminometry, swab, rapid-test systems for use in hospital surface sanitization testing. Regulatory agencies may consider this a point-of-care ...
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