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Results 501 - 550 of 4411
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Augustin Matthias - - 2012
Leg ulcer management is complex, time consuming and of high socioeconomic importance. Data on cost-of-illness in leg ulcer care are sparse. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cost-of-illness in leg ulcer treatment in the metropolitan area of Hamburg. About 147 institutions involved in wound care participated in ...
Mpofu Elias - - 2012
Purpose: Rehabilitation assessment data influence decisions for the design of preferred lifestyles with a chronic illness or disability (CID). As a result, careful consideration of the source, type and scope of these data is needed in selecting appropriate procedures for their collection and use. This article proposes three essential qualities ...
Mizoshita Norihiro - - 2012
Mixtures of an amphiphilic perylene bisimide derivative and tetramethoxysilane in the absence of solvents have been found to exhibit stable columnar liquid-crystalline phases which transform into macroscopically oriented nanoporous silica films as a result of simple mechanical shearing.
Thomson Kate - - 2012
People with severe mental disorders (SMDs) have a higher mortality rate and reduced life expectancy compared to the general population. Factors that contribute to higher mortality rates include a higher rate of smoking and increased incidence of obesity from lifestyle, diet, or medication side effects. Cancer treatment may exacerbate mood ...
Zhao Ya-e - - 2012
To our knowledge, few reports on Demodex studied at the molecular level are available at present. In this study our group, for the first time, cloned, sequenced and analyzed the chitin synthase (CHS) gene fragments of Demodex folliculorum, Demodex brevis, and Demodex canis (three isolates from each species) from Xi'an ...
Karakurum-Goksel Basak - - 2012
A 21-year-old woman was admitted with right hemiparesis, bilateral papilledema, negative myoclonus of right upper extremity, and bilateral pyramidal findings. An MRI showed no venous flow in the inferior sagittal sinus. Lipoprotein a (Lp [a]) level was high and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) was found. The coexistence of IDA and ...
Schmidinger Manuela - - 2012
Following approval of the oral, multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor sunitinib malate for the treatment of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) in Europe and the USA in 2006, the agent has had a substantial impact on the treatment landscape in this setting. Sunitinib is now recommended in international treatment ...
Pinto-Gouveia José J CINEICC-Cognitive-Behavioural Research Centre, University of Coimbra, - - 2014
The current study tests a model based on social rank mentality investigating whether women who feel inferior and believe others see them negatively, and feel under pressure to compete to avoid social inferiority, present increased body dissatisfaction and drive for thinness and whether these associations are mediated by distinct emotional ...
Shahin Antoine J - - 2012
This study examined the neurophysiological mechanisms of speech segmentation, the process of parsing the continuous speech signal into isolated words. Individuals listened to sequences of two monosyllabic words (e.g. gas source) and non-words (e.g. nas sorf). When these phrases are spoken, talkers usually produce one continuous s-sound, not two distinct ...
Ozdemir Ahmet - - 2012
In the present study, 1-acetyl-3-(2-thienyl)-5-aryl-2-pyrazoline derivatives (1-6) were synthesized via the ring closure reaction of 1-(2-thienyl)-3-aryl-2-propen-1-ones with hydrazine hydrate in acetic acid. The chemical structures of the compounds were elucidated by IR, (1)H-NMR, (13)C-NMR and mass spectral data and elemental analyses. MTT assay, analysis of DNA synthesis and caspase-3 activation ...
Del L Yácono María - - 2012
The parasitic protozoan Toxoplasma gondii, the causal agent of toxoplasmosis, can infect most mammals and birds. In human medicine, T. gondii can cause complications in pregnant women and immunodeficient individuals, while in veterinary medicine, T. gondii infection has economic importance due to abortion and neonatal loss in livestock. Thus, the development of ...
Nakamura Kozue - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Increasing childhood asthma rates may be due to changing dietary lifestyle. We investigated the association of dietary intake of antioxidant vitamins and fatty acids with asthma in Japanese pre-school children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: School-based survey on lifestyle/diet and health status in children in Japan. SUBJECTS: Parents of 452 ...
Attwood Carol Ann - - 2012
Patients and family members are overwhelmed by the diagnosis of cancer and often do not know where to look for answers, information on the treatment options, or community resources for support during the cancer journey. A unique relationship was forged with a patient and health education librarian at the Mayo ...
Li Xiao-ran - - 2012
Tidal flats are soil resources of great significance. Nitrification plays a central role in the nitrogen cycle and is often a critical first step in nitrogen removal from estuarine and coastal environments. We determined the abundance as well as composition of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) in different ...
Elferink-Gemser Marije T - - 2012
Abstract Talent development programmes for professional soccer clubs aim to guide players towards professional level performance. We identify whether the intermittent endurance capacity of these players may have changed over time. Since the 2000/2001 competition season, the intermittent endurance capacity of players in the talent development programmes of two professional ...
Goupil A - - 2012
A 5·5-year-old male castrated Bernese mountain dog presented with respiratory difficulties and was diagnosed with haemorrhagic pericardial effusion which transformed into chylopericardium. Thoracic duct ligation and subtotal pericardiectomy in combination with biopsy of an enlarged tracheobronchial lymph node were performed. Multiple clusters of mesothelial cell emboli were observed in the ...
Rietmeijer-Mentink Marloes - - 2012
An increasing number of children worldwide are overweight, and the first step in treating obesity is to identify overweight. However, do parents recognise overweight in their child and which factors influence parental perception? The aim of the present review is to systematically study differences between parental perception and the actual ...
Zand Nazanin - - 2012
Quantitative analyses of the macronutrient content of eight popular commercial 'ready-to-feed' baby meals for 6-9-month old infants in the UK market have been undertaken in order to ascertain their nutritional suitability in relation to the total daily dietary intake as well as nutritional profiling of the products. The chemical analyses ...
Haas Janet P - - 2012
A quick review of the basics of sample size and power is presented. Readers can participate in an online exercise that introduces them to a power calculator that can be used in their practice, and illustrates the concepts discussed in the article.
Basharat Zeeshan - - 2012
To ascertain the prevalence of risk factors for ischemic stroke in Pakistani patients at Shifa International Hospital (SIH), Islamabad, Pakistan. This retrospective cross-sectional study included patients of either gender, with no age limit admitted to the Department of Neurology at Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan, with the diagnosis of stroke ...
Ohira Suguru - - 2012
An 86-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with angina due to the instent restenosis. He had a history of coronary artery bypass grafting( CABG). Re-do off-pump CABG was performed. Aspirin and warfarin were started on the next day. The drainage tubes were removed on the postoperative day (POD) 2 ...
Bowler Mark - - 2012
Researchers have described multilevel societies with one-male, multifemale units (OMUs) forming within a larger group in several catarrhine species, but not in platyrhines. OMUs in multilevel societies are associated with extremely large group sizes, often with >100 individuals, and the only platyrhine genus that forms groups of this size is ...
Adur Javier - - 2012
In this study we showed that second-harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy combined with precise methods for images evaluation can be used to detect structural changes in the human ovarian stroma. Using a set of scoring methods (alignment of collagen fibers, anisotropy, and correlation), we found significant differences in the distribution and ...
Hsu Te-Yao - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Infection is believed to be one of frequent and important causes of preterm labor. We attempted to evaluate whether the level of inflammatory markers, e.g. interleukin-16 (IL-16), interleukin-18 (IL-18), and ferritin, in amniotic fluid at early second trimester can predict preterm birth. Methods: Amniotic fluid (AF) samples were ...
Lee Daesu - - 2012
Active control of defect structures and associated polarization switching in a ferroelectric material is achieved without compromising its ferroelectric properties. Based on dipolar interaction between defect dipole and polarization, the unique functionality of the defect dipole to control ferroelectric switching is visualized. This approach can provide a foundation for novel ...
Vaka Siva Ram Kiran - - 2012
To develop formulations of carnosic acid nanoparticles and to assess their in vivo efficacy to enhance the expression of neurotrophins in rat model. Carnosic acid loaded chitosan nanoparticles were prepared by ionotropic gelation technique using central composite design. Response surface methodology was used to assess the effect of three factors ...
Reimer Toralf - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: To investigate the serum level distribution of angiogenic markers (PlGF, endoglin, sFlt-1) and acute-phase proteins (SAA, CRP) in patients with HELLP syndrome or preeclampsia (PE) including matched controls. Methods: The matching procedure revealed 46 controls for 23 HELLP cases, and 81 controls for 42 preeclamptic patients. Maternal serum ...
García-Toro Mauro - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: There is an increasing amount of evidence showing that physical activity and sun exposure are effective coadjuvant treatments for patients with mild to moderate depression. However, there is a lack of information regarding patient's adherence to these recommendations in daily clinical practice. METHODS: We conducted a study including 15 ...
Kumar Mukesh - - 2012
Telomerase is activated in the majority of invasive breast cancers, but the time-point of telomerase activation during mammary carcinogenesis is not clear. We have recently presented a transgenic mouse model to study human TERT gene expression in vivo (hTERTp-lacZ). In the present study, hTERTp-lacZxWAP-T bi-transgenic mice were generated to analyze ...
Kappetein A Pieter - - 2012
Objectives: The aim of the current Valvular Academic Research Consortium (VARC)-2 initiative was to revisit the selection and definitions of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI)- clinical endpoints to make them more suitable to the present and future needs of clinical trials. In addition, this document is intended to expand understanding ...
Guvenc Pelin P Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL 62025, - - 2013
Blue-gray ovoids (B-GOs), a critical dermoscopic structure for basal cell carcinoma (BCC), offer an opportunity for automatic detection of BCC. Due to variation in size and color, B-GOs can be easily mistaken for similar structures in benign lesions. Analysis of these structures could afford accurate characterization and automatic recognition of ...
Glover D C - - 2012
Routine metabolism (i.e. standard metabolism plus a low level of activity) of coastal largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides from Mobile-Tensaw Delta, AL, U.S.A. was examined as a function of temperature (15, 20, 25 and 30° C), salinity (0, 4, 8 and 12) and body mass (range 24-886 g) using flow-through respirometry. ...
Vrochides Dionisios - - 2012
ABSTRACT Background/Aims: An end-to-side biliodigestive anastomosis is the most common procedure performed in hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery, and this procedure may become technically demanding. A telescopic ureterovesical anastomosis is frequently used in transplant surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of constructing a telescopic biliodigestive anastomosis. Methodology: The ...
Woo Eiki - - 2012
We experienced 2 patients who died early after emergency cardiac operation because of malignant diseases. In one case, we operated on a 67-year-old woman for infective endocarditis and performed aortic valve replacement, but she died of terminal pancreatic cancer on the 26 postoperative day. In the other case, a 53-year-old ...
Sugarbaker Paul H - - 2012
The benefits that are reported in patients who have carcinomatosis from colorectal cancer increase as the extent of disease within the abdomen and pelvis decreases. To optimize treatments that involve cytoreductive surgery and perioperative chemotherapy, early intervention is necessary. Strategies to improve the results of carcinomatosis treatments include second-look surgery ...
Wang Hui-ying - - 2012
Chinese bayberry Myrica rubra is a very popular fruit in southeastern China. In spite of its wide consumption, no allergies to this fruit have been reported previously. Here we report on a 40-year-old woman suffering from anaphylaxis to Chinese bayberry fruit. Prick-prick skin tests revealed strong reactions to fresh Chinese ...
Donohoe Gary - - 2012
Donohoe G, Duignan A, Hargreaves A, Morris DW, Rose E, Robertson D, Cummings E, Moore S, Gill M, Corvin A. Social cognition in bipolar disorder versus schizophrenia: comparability in mental state decoding deficits. Bipolar Disord 2012: 00: 000-000. © 2012 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2012 John Wiley & Sons ...
Yan Songkai - - 2012
An Excel model was developed to compare total costs (including primary and secondary dressings only) of Hydrofiber® dressing (2010 branded price) versus an alginate dressing (generic or branded price) in managing exuding venous leg ulcers considering mean wear time and mean duration of exudate management phase, from the French Social ...
Jian Teng-Yue - - 2012
Highly functionalized dihydropyridinones were synthesized via the N-heterocyclic carbene-catalyzed enantioselective [4 + 2] annulation of α-chloroaldehydes and azadienes. Hydrogenation of the resulted dihydropyridinones afforded the corresponding piperidinones with high enantiopurity.
Min Chang - - 2012
The kinetic resolution of racemic C(2)-symmetric 1,2-diaryl-1,2-diaminoethanes was accomplished for the first time through application of a dual-catalysis approach.
Smith Tracey J - - 2012
College students are susceptible to upper respiratory infections (URI) due to inadequate sleep, stress and close living quarters. Certain probiotic strains modulate immune function and may improve health-related quality of life (HRQL) during URI. The present study recruited apparently healthy college students and assessed the effect of probiotics on HRQL ...
Xu Huiping - - 2012
Medical cost data are typically highly skewed to the right with a large proportion of zero costs. It is also common for these data to be censored because of incomplete follow-up and death. In the case of censoring due to death, it is important to consider the potential dependence between ...
O'Donoghue Anthony J AJ Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California, San Francisco, - - 2012
We developed a simple and rapid multiplex substrate-profiling method to reveal the substrate specificity of any endo- or exopeptidase using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry sequencing. We generated a physicochemically diverse library of peptides by incorporating all combinations of neighbor and near-neighbor amino acid pairs into decapeptide sequences that are flanked ...
Lee Stephanie S - - 2012
The nanoscale boundaries formed when neighboring spherulites impinge in polycrystalline, solution-processed organic semiconductor thin films have been shown to act as bottlenecks to charge transport, significantly reducing organic thin-film transistor (OTFT) mobility in devices comprising spherulitic thin films as the active layers. These interspherulite boundaries (ISBs) are structurally complex, with ...
Reichert M - - 2012
Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS), caused by the novirhabdovirus viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV), causes significant economic problems to European rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), production. The virus isolates can be divided into four distinct genotypes with additional subgroups. The main source of outbreaks in European rainbow trout farming is sublineage ...
Adhikari Sajag - - 2012
microRNAs (miRNAs) are short, non-coding regulatory RNAs that play crucial roles in plant development and responses to environmental cues. Reliable and accurate measurements of miRNA abundance by Northern hybridization and qPCR have significantly contributed to our understanding of miRNA function. Two most commonly used methods to generate cDNAs for miRNA ...
Pieters J J P M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Incidental findings in prenatal diagnostic testing may or may not have clear prognostic significance for the phenotype. We studied experts' opinions of the benefit and disadvantage of an incidental prenatal diagnosis of a sex chromosomal aneuploidy (SCA). METHODS: We interviewed 16 experts in the field of counseling and treatment ...
Riazuddin Saima S Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology/Head & Neck Surgery, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Ohio, - - 2012
Sensorineural hearing loss is genetically heterogeneous. Here, we report that mutations in CIB2, which encodes a calcium- and integrin-binding protein, are associated with nonsyndromic deafness (DFNB48) and Usher syndrome type 1J (USH1J). One mutation in CIB2 is a prevalent cause of deafness DFNB48 in Pakistan; other CIB2 mutations contribute to ...
Barrera D - - 2012
The possible epigenomic effect of oviductal fluid on expression of DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) genes was examined in early bovine embryos (4-cell stage). Real-time quantitative PCR was performed to determine the relative expression of DNMT1, DNMT3a and DNMT3b transcripts in embryos cultured in vitro in the presence or absence of oviductal ...
Hu Qiyue - - 2012
An unprecedented amount of parallel synthesis information was accumulated within Pfizer over the past 12 years. This information was captured by an informatics tool known as PGVL (Pfizer Global Virtual Library). PGVL was used for many aspects of drug discovery including Automated Reactant Mining and reaction product formation to build ...
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