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Results 451 - 500 of 4411
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Lourenço Barbara H - - 2012
Low- to middle-income countries may experience the occurrence of a dual burden of under and overnutrition. To better understand the overall progression of body mass index (BMI) during childhood, we estimated average BMI-for-age z-score (BAZ) growth curves in a population-based longitudinal study of 255 children living in the Brazilian Amazon. ...
Corso Vincent M - - 2012
Oncology nurses caring for patients with complex medical, psychosocial, and spiritual issues-including patients at end of life-rely on current medical interventions to offer comfort to their patients. Equally important, but less acknowledged, is nurses' reliance on the internal processes of reflection and self-care. That internal focus is vital to the ...
Tano Kazutoshi - - 2012
A 55-year-old woman visited the emergency department of our hospital with complaint of coldness and pain in her right leg. Two hours after the onset, she suddenly felt dyspnea and temporarily suffered cardiac arrest. Echocardiography revealed a left atrial tumor prolapsing into the left ventricle through the mitral valve. By ...
Henke Peter K - - 2012
Colectomy patients are at high-risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE), but associated risk factors and best prophylaxis in this defined population are only generalized. Fifteen hospitals prospectively collected pre-, peri-, and postoperative variables related to VTE and prophylaxis, in addition to the variables defined by the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program ...
Köse Mustafa Gökhan - - 2012
To investigate the effect of spironolactone, as an angiogenesis inhibitor, on the isometric contractile responses in isolated vas deferens strips from left varicocele-induced rats. Twenty-four adult (12-14 months) male Wistar albino rats were randomly assigned to 4 groups (n = 6 in each): (1) Control group, (2) sham-operated group, (3) ...
Patil Pravin - - 2012
The wide availability and recent improvement in technology coupled with portability, low cost and safety makes ultrasound the first choice imaging investigation for the evaluation of musculoskeletal diseases. Diagnostic use of ultrasound findings is greatly enhanced by knowledge of the clinical presentation. Conversely, ultrasound skills with its prerequisite anatomical knowledge ...
Ka I - - 2012
Pulsed laser ablation for the direct synthesis of single-wall carbon nanotube/PbS-quantumdot(SWCNT/PbS-QD) nanohybrids is demonstrated. The latitude of the developed pulsed laser deposition process permits not only the control of the size of the PbS-QDs but also the straightforward integration of these novel SWCNT/PbS-QD nanohybrids into photoconductive (PC) devices. Thus, by ...
Banwell Cathy - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate evolving food retail systems in Thailand. DESIGN: Rapid assessment procedures based on qualitative research methods including interviews, focus groups discussions and site visits. SETTING: Seven fresh markets located in the four main regions of Thailand. SUBJECTS: Managers, food specialists, vendors and shoppers from seven fresh markets who ...
- - 2012
Lee DH, Lee KB, Jung ST, Seon JK, Kim MS, Sung IH. Comparison of early versus delayed weightbearing outcomes after microfracture for small to midsized osteochondral lesions of the talus. Am J Sports Med. 2012;40(9):2023-2028. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0363546512455316).
Richman Ilana B IB Stanford University, Stanford, California, - - 2012
African Americans, East Asians, and Hispanics with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are more likely to develop renal disease than are SLE patients of European descent. This study was undertaken to investigate whether European genetic ancestry protects against the development of lupus nephritis, with the aim of exploring the genetic and ...
Tellioglu Gurkan - - 2012
ABSTRACT Background: Although traditionally used for coagulation disorders, there has been a recent interest in serum D-dimer as a tumor marker. The aim of this prospective study is to determine its value as a tumor marker in patients with colorectal liver metastasis. Patients and Methods: Between January 2000 and October ...
Aoki Masaya - - 2012
The indication of thoracoscopic excision of mediastinal tumor at our department is benign tumor or noninvasive thymoma diagnosed before surgery. For myasthenia gravis, thoracoscopic extended thymectomy is performed with a bilateral thoracic approach using a laparolift, and this procedure is indicated for cases with complication of thymoma with a tumor ...
Miossec Pierre - - 2012
The key role of interleukin-17 (IL-17) and T helper 17 (T(H)17) cells in tissue inflammation, autoimmunity and host defence led to the experimental targeting of these molecules in mouse models of diseases as well as in clinical settings. Moreover, the demonstration that IL-17 and T(H)17 cells contribute to local and ...
Ulman T Frances - - 2012
We compared sleep problems during pregnancy and sleep dissatisfaction 18 months after pregnancy in pregnant women with binge eating disorder (BED) symptoms and pregnant women without an eating disorder. Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa). Data were gathered from 72,435 women. A total of 1,495 (2.1%) women reported having ...
Wahlbeck Kristian - - 2012
The current global economic crisis is expected to produce adverse mental health effects that may increase suicide and alcohol-related death rates in affected countries. In nations with greater social safety nets, the health impacts of the economic downturn may be less pronounced. Research indicates that the mental health impact of ...
Iannotti Lora L - - 2012
Growth velocity patterns have the potential to signal unhealthy responses to environmental insults with long-term consequences. We aimed to investigate velocities in Peruvian infants (n = 259) in relation to attained anthropometric outcomes at 12 months and to identify determinants of velocities during critical periods of infancy. From 1995 to 1997, a ...
Yu Xi - - 2012
Gold nanoparticles are engineered for direct imprinting of stable structures. This imprinting strategy provides access to new device architectures, as demonstrated through the fabrication of a prototype photoswitchable device.
Artlett Carol M - - 2012
Inflammasome signaling and downstream cytokine responses mediated by the inflammasome have been found to play an important role not only in wound healing but also in fibrosis. The inflammasome regulates the secretion of IL-1βand IL-18 cytokines are both are critical for the repair of damaged tissue and they play a ...
Wang Xike - - 2012
The aim of this study was to explore genetic mechanisms of congenital heart disease by analysing family data. Families with two or more affected members were studied, and information on family history and risk factors was collected. A total of 25 families with congenital heart disease were identified, and among ...
Nwaru Bright I - - 2012
The effects of prophylactic iron during pregnancy on maternal and child health in developing settings with endemic malaria and high prevalence of HIV remain unclear. This paper describes the rationale, implementation and success of a pragmatic randomised controlled trial comparing routine iron supplementation vs. screening and treatment for anaemia during ...
Setaro Jill - - 2012
Examining the care of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is forefront in perianesthesia nursing. The issue of how to effectively manage patients with OSA emerges as the patient presents for surgery. Evaluation of current practice demonstrates a gap in the consistency of care provided to patients with OSA. The ...
Al-Saman Abdulaziz S - - 2012
Pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy presents early in life, even in utero. It is usually refractory to conventional antiepileptic medications and responds only to lifelong pyridoxine supplementation. Seizures are usually generalized tonic clonic. We report a 3-year-old child that was born prematurely at 25 weeks of gestation. He presented with abnormal movements in ...
Carsello Carrie B - - 2012
The clinical importance of elevated serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in patients with normocalcemia after curative parathyroidectomy (PTX) for primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) is unclear. This study sought to determine whether these patients, when compared with those with normal PTH levels, differ in preoperative and pathologic factors and are at increased ...
Taha Emad A - - 2012
To assess the effect of smoking on sperm vitality, sperm DNA integrity, semen reactive oxygen species, and zinc levels in fertile men. One-hundred sixty men were investigated. They were divided into 2 equal groups: healthy fertile nonsmokers and healthy fertile smokers. They were subjected to history taking, clinical examination, and ...
Geavlete Bogdan - - 2012
A single-centre, prospective trial was performed aiming to assess the impact of narrow-band imaging (NBI) cystoscopy in cases of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) in comparison to standard white light cystoscopy (WLC). A total of 95 NMIBC-suspected consecutive cases were enrolled. The inclusion criteria were hematuria, positive urinary cytology or ultrasound ...
Ito Hiroto - - 2012
This paper summarizes the findings for the East and South East Asia Region of the WPA Task Force on Steps, Obstacles and Mistakes to Avoid in the Im-plementation of Community Mental Health Care. The paper presents a description of the region, an overview of mental health policies, a critical ap-praisal ...
Carroll Linda J - - 2012
Purpose: Pain coping is important in health outcomes. In the current literature, pain coping usually means those goal-directed strategies to manage pain. The study goal was to explore what personal meaning "coping" has for work-disabled individuals in pain. Method: Qualitative, in depth interviews with follow-up verification interviews were conducted with ...
Nazari Shiva - - 2012
Infectious complications are a major etiology of morbidity and mortality in febrile neutropenic patients. Low serum mannose-binding lectin (MBL)-associated serine protease-2 (MASP-2) concentration may represent a risk factor for infection in leukemia patients receiving chemotherapy. This study evaluates the relationship between serum levels of MASP-2 with neutropenic febrile attacks in ...
Witt Benjamin L - - 2012
Context.-Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) is a therapeutic option following biopsy diagnosis of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL). Most LEEPs will confirm the HSIL biopsy diagnosis but a number of them will not. Such negative findings suggest the possibility of an incorrect biopsy diagnosis, removal of the lesion by biopsy, ...
Pileri Stefano A - - 2012
Peripheral T cell lymphomas (PTCLs) are heterogeneous neoplasms and represent about 12% of all lymphoid malignancies. They are often regarded as "orphan diseases," a designation that does not reflect their real incidence but rather signifies the difficulties encountered in their classification, diagnosis, and treatment. Here we revise the current understanding ...
Iamsaard Sitthichai - - 2012
To examine the structure of the oviduct of the shrimp Penaeus monodon. The oviducts of P. monodon with three different major groups of ovarian development (Group (Gr.) 1: Stages I & V; Gr. 2: Stages II & III; and Gr. 3: Stage IV) were examined by light, transmission electron, and ...
Van der Speeten Kurt - - 2012
Peritoneal surface malignancy is a common manifestation of intra-abdominal malignancies. Systemic chemotherapy offers no long-term survival and poor quality of life for these patients in their terminal stages of disease. By contrast, cytoreductive surgery combined with perioperative intraperitoneal and intravenous chemotherapy has resulted in encouraging clinical results. Further improvements should ...
Crisalli Joseph A - - 2012
Children with obstructive sleep apnea have blunted baroreflex sensitivity and increased blood pressure variability. The aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that treatment of sleep apnea by adenotonsillectomy results in significant improvement of baroreflex sensitivity, lowering of blood pressure and blood pressure variability and increase vagal heart ...
Bradac Carlo - - 2012
Control over the quantum states of individual luminescent nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centres in nanodiamonds (NDs) is demonstrated by careful design of the crystal host: its size, surface functional groups, and interfacing substrate. By progressive etching of the ND host, the NV centres are induced to switch from latent, through continuous, to ...
Nawroth Isabel - - 2012
Background. Radiation-induced fibrosis (RIF) is a dose-limiting complication of cancer radiotherapy and causes serious problems, i.e. restricted tissue flexibility, pain, ulceration or necrosis. Recently, we have successfully treated RIF in a mouse model by intraperitoneal administration of chitosan/siRNA nanoparticles directed towards silencing TNF alpha in local macrophage populations, but the ...
Fukumoto Seiji - - 2012
Excess and deficient actions of FGF23 cause hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia and hyperphosphatemic tumoral calcinosis, respectively. There are two kinds of assays for FGF23. Full-length assay detects only full-length FGF23 with biological activity. In contrast, C-terminal assay measures both full-length FGF23 and processed C-terminal fragment of FGF23. FGF23 measurement is useful for ...
Oxnard Geoffrey R - - 2012
Acquired resistance to targeted therapy in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutant lung cancer represents a valuable model for considering strategies of overcoming different types of cellular resistance mechanisms. Using existing data on resistance in EGFR-mutant lung cancer, this review will discuss 3 basic approaches for overcoming resistance to EGFR-targeted therapies: ...
Cicchitti Vincenzo - - 2012
The angiographic evidence of normal coronary arteries or moderate coronary artery disease is a relatively common finding in patients with a history of angina, with a higher prevalence in females. This condition is not a single pathological entity, but comprises several different presentations, such as cardiac syndrome X, vasospastic angina, ...
Nwibo A N - - 2012
Respiratory problem is one of the major health hazards in dust-exposed workers; it is a major cause of morbidity and mortality all over the world. To determine the prevalence of respiratory problems and lung function impairment among quarry workers in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Respiratory problems and lung function were studied ...
Grueter Cyril C - - 2012
Multilevel (or modular) societies are a distinct type of primate social system whose key features are single-male-multifemale, core units nested within larger social bands. They are not equivalent to fission-fusion societies, with the latter referring to routine variability in associations, either on an individual or subunit level. The purpose of ...
Débarre F - - 2012
Can speciation occur in a single population when different types of resources are available, in the absence of any geographical isolation, or any spatial or temporal variation in selection? The controversial topics of sympatric speciation and ecological speciation have already stimulated many theoretical studies, most of them agreeing on the ...
Simeon-Dubach Daniel - - 2012
Contemporary pathological and molecular analysis depends on high quality human biospecimens.Poor biospecimen quality may compromise such analyses and the resultant inaccurate data published in scientific papers may be contribute to low reproducibility in the biomedical literature and adversely impact clinical translation.Editors of research journals play a key role to improve ...
West Caryn - - 2012
Aims and objective.  To measure and explore between 2007-2010 measure and explore the nature of family resilience in the context of families with a member with chronic pain. Background.  Chronic pain impacts on the entire family. The literature suggests that it is possible to strengthen resilience in individuals with chronic ...
Macpherson Catherine Fiona - - 2012
Julia was a six-year-old girl with stage IV neuroblastoma for which she had received two years of aggressive multimodal therapy. She lived in a small town about three hours away from the children's hospital where she was treated. Her parents were both teachers and she had two younger sisters, Jessica, ...
Drum Charles E - - 2012
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requires health care facilities to provide equal access to patents with disabilities. Yet, people with disabilities experience many access barriers. To develop a valid, reliable, and user-friendly tool that measures the physical and environmental features of outpatient health care facilities. Instead of addressing full ...
Kitay Alison - - 2012
Injuries to the scapholunate joint are the most frequent cause of carpal instability and account for a considerable degree of wrist dysfunction, lost time from work, and interference with activities. Although it is insufficient to cause abnormal carpal posture or collapse on static radiographs, an isolated injury to the scapholunate ...
Sadigh-Eteghad Saeed - - 2012
To obtain a better insight into the effect of the epsilon (e) 4 allele of the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) on the risk of late onset Alzheimer`s disease (LOAD), and assess its heterogeneity in geographic regions. We performed a systemic review and meta-analysis of available studies. An electronic and manual ...
Matsumoto Keitaro - - 2012
This study describes minimally invasive surgery using video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for thymic diseases. Our procedure has been changed in the last decade from sternum-lifting thoracoscopic surgery with mini-thoracotomy to complete thoracoscopic surgery. Indications for this method include benign thymic disease, non-invasive thymoma or myasthenia gravis (MG). We performed these ...
Joëls Marian - - 2012
Brain cells are continuously exposed to corticosteroid hormones, although the levels vary (e.g., after stress). Corticosteroids alter neural activity via two receptor types, mineralocorticoid (MR) and glucocorticoid receptors (GR). These receptors regulate gene transcription but also, as we now know, act nongenomically. Via nongenomic pathways, MRs enhance and GRs suppress ...
Scheer Frank A J L - - 2012
In the United States alone, approximately 22 million people take beta-blockers chronically. These medications suppress endogenous nighttime melatonin secretion, which may explain a reported side effect of insomnia. Therefore, we tested whether nightly melatonin supplementation improves sleep in hypertensive patients treated with beta-blockers. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group design. Clinical and ...
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