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Results 301 - 350 of 2840
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Dumais Alexandre - - 2012
This study seeks to evaluate the predictive validity of the French version of the Dynamic Appraisal of Situational Aggression (DASAfr) and psychiatric nurses' perceptions of the clinical usefulness of the scale. The study was conducted in a 12-bed psychiatric intensive care unit in a large adult general psychiatric hospital. We ...
Cavallera Guido M - - 2012
In 1948 the famous French neurologist Théophile Alajouanine published the article "Aphasia and artistic realization", a landmark in the field of research about aphasia, which discussed the case of the composer Maurice Ravel (1875-1937). Since then, many researchers have explored the final illness of the composer. In 2003 Medical Science ...
Selber Jesse C JC Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. - - 2012
Despite advances in surgical training, microsurgery is still based on an apprenticeship model. To evaluate skill acquisition and apply targeted feedback to improve their training model, the authors applied the Structured Assessment of Microsurgery Skills to the training of microsurgical fellows. They hypothesized that subjects would demonstrate measurable improvement in ...
Zhang Fu-Xiang - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to establish a parabiotic mice model and assess the physiological changes of the mice under the parabiotic state. Thirteen pairs of isogenic partners were studied. The model was created by preparing a bridge of skin and subcutaneous tissues between the two mice starting distal ...
Birge Justin - - 2012
Powassan virus (POWV) is a rare tick-borne agent of encephalitis in North America. Historically, confirmed cases occurred mainly in the northeastern United States. Since 2008, confirmed cases in Minnesota and Wisconsin have increased. We report a fatal case of POWV encephalitis in Minnesota. POWV infection should be suspected in tick-exposed ...
Bekhet Abir K - - 2012
Worldwide, caregivers find caring for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) challenging. Family members must manage many aspects of care giving, which is demanding, overwhelming, and can affect the family members' mental health. However learning how to be resilient may help family members overcome the stress and burden associated with ...
Koto Kazutaka - - 2012
Chondrosarcoma arising from the sternum is extremely rare and is often untreatable. Removal of the sternum for malignant tumor results in large defects in bone and soft tissue, causing deformity and paradoxical movement of the chest wall and making subsequent repair of the thorax very important. We report a very ...
Nasir Serdar S Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery, Hacettepe University, Ankara, - - 2012
Although harvesting of in situ split cranial bone is a well-established technique, few data have been generated regarding the biomechanical effect of bone harvest on the cranial bone donor site, and even fewer data have been generated regarding the biomechanical effect of calcium phosphate bone cement inlay on the donor ...
Kempeneers Céline C Department of Pediatrics, CHC, Clinique de l'Espérance, LiègeSector of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Department of Pediatrics, CHC, Clinique de l'Espérance, LiègeDepartment of Anatomopathology, UZ-Brussel, BrusselsSector of Pediatric Dermatology, Department of Pediatrics, CHC, Clinique de l'Espérance, Liège, - - 2013
Sterile folliculitis is known to be one of the rare cutaneous manifestations of Crohn's disease (CD). To our knowledge it has never been emphasized as a marker of significant diagnostic value, perhaps maybe even more significant than more common cutaneous manifestations such as erythema nodosum (EN).
Sun Gang - - 2012
We investigated the effect of hyperthermia exposure on the early stages of face processing by recording event-related potentials (ERPs) elicited by faces and non-face stimuli presented in upright and inverted orientations. Across all conditions, both the peak latencies of P1 and N170 components were earlier in the hyperthermia group than ...
Luzzi Valeria - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Prolonged oral respiration is known to cause postural alterations, which can lead to dental malocclusions. Allergic rhinitis, a common cause of upper airway obstruction in children, must therefore be seen as a possible risk factor in the development of malocclusions. AIM: Aim of this study was to investigate the ...
Kieser Meinhard - - 2012
In drug development, it is well accepted that a successful study will demonstrate not only a statistically significant result but also a clinically relevant effect size. Whereas standard hypothesis tests are used to demonstrate the former, it is less clear how the latter should be established. In the first part ...
Singer Richard Francis - - 2012
Vitamin D status is determined by the serum concentration of one of its metabolites, 25-hydroxy-D. Defining vitamin D deficiency based on its classical roles in gut calcium absorption and bone mineralization is problematic in dialysis patients and, until recently, was ignored in the nephrology literature. The newly recognized nonclassical functions ...
Park J - - 2012
The development of effective treatments that enable many patients suffering from cancer to be successfully cured is highly demanded. Angiogenesis, which is a process for the formation of new capillary blood vessels, has a crucial role in solid tumor progression and the development of metastasis. Antiangiogenic therapy designed to prevent ...
Newman Taylor Katherine - - 2012
Background and Aims: There is good reason to consider the role of social anxiety processes in paranoia; both the research and clinical literature indicate significant overlap between the two presentations. The aim of this study was to explore cognition and behaviour that are typically associated with social phobia, in people ...
Wiessner Polly - - 2012
In 1990, shotguns and M-16s were adopted into Enga warfare, setting off some 15 years of devastation as youths (~17 to 28) took charge of interclan warfare. In response, people called on elder leaders to adapt customary institutions to restore peace; subsequently, war deaths and the frequency of war declined ...
Beşkardeş Ayşegül - - 2012
AIM: To document the oxygen saturation (SpO(2) ) levels, general physical signs and laboratory characteristics during the first 30 minutes of life. METHODS: Forty healthy singleton full-term neonates delivered vaginally (n=33) or by Caesarian section (n=7) included to this prospective observational study. After delivery, the SpO(2) levels of the upper ...
Müller Cornelia S L - - 2012
Within the group of classical reticulate pigment disorders of the skin, Galli-Galli disease (GGD), Dowling-Degos disease (DDD), Kitamura's disease (RPK), Haber's syndrome (HS), and reticulate acropigmentation of Dohi (RAD) are included and distinguished clinically and histopathologically. The clinical appearance of the reticulate pigment disorders of the skin is similar, with ...
Gopnik Alison - - 2012
New theoretical ideas and empirical research show that very young children's learning and thinking are strikingly similar to much learning and thinking in science. Preschoolers test hypotheses against data and make causal inferences; they learn from statistics and informal experimentation, and from watching and listening to others. The mathematical framework ...
Damé-Teixeira Nailê - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Traumatic dental injury (TDI) has been considered a significant problem in youth, not only because of its consequences to the craniofacial structures but also for its potential impact on the quality of life of affected individuals. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of TDI ...
Massé Raymond - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pandemic influenza ethics frameworks are based on respect of values and principles such as regard for autonomy, responsibility, transparency, solidarity and social justice. However, very few studies have addressed the way in which the general population views these moral norms. OBJECTIVES: (i) To analyse the receptiveness of the population ...
Banik Sindrila Dutta - - 2012
Chirality is present at all levels of structural hierarchy of protein and plays a significant role in protein biosynthesis. The macromolecules involved in protein biosynthesis such as aminoacyl tRNA synthetase and ribosome have chiral subunits. Despite the omnipresence of chirality in the biosynthetic pathway, its origin, role in current pathway, ...
Plosker Greg L - - 2012
The most common cause of severe diarrhea in infants and young children is rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE), which is associated with significant morbidity, healthcare resource use, and direct and indirect costs in industrialized nations. The monovalent rotavirus vaccine RIX4414 (Rotarix™) is administered as a two-dose oral series in infants and has ...
Chen Y-T - - 2012
In this work, the population of small RNAs (sRNAs) was studied in the gymnosperm Sequoia sempervirens during phase changes, specifically in the juvenile, adult and rejuvenated plants obtained in vitro. The potential target genes of Sequoia sRNAs were predicted through bioinformatics. Rejuvenation is a pivotal process in woody plants that ...
Wang X - - 2012
Interferons (IFNs) have been investigated as important cytokines in immunotherapy. The use of IFNs in cancer immunotherapy has had limited success. In this study, IFN genes were delivered into B16 melanoma cells by lentiviral vectors, and their effects on B16 melanoma were comprehensively analyzed. Type II IFN significantly impaired the ...
Abdel-Wahab Mohamed - - 2012
Objective: To report clinical experience with longitudinal stent deformation (LSD) and observations from the bench. Background: LSD was recently reported with thin-strut coronary stents. Whether it is related to a particular stent or constitutes a class-effect remains debatable. Methods: After 2 cases of LSD were reported, information was sent to ...
Lu Linling - - 2012
In this paper, ultraperformance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS) and the MetaboLynx™ software combined with mass defect filtering were applied to identity the metabolites of isoquercitrin using an intestinal mixture of bacteria and 96 isolated strains from human feces. The human incubated samples collected for 72 h in the ...
Achinger Steven G SG Department of Nephrology, Watson Clinic, LLP-Lakeland, FL, - - 2013
Daily hemodialysis has been associated with surrogate markers of improved survival among hemodialysis patients. A potential disadvantage of daily hemodialysis is that frequent vascular access cannulations may affect long-term vascular access patency. The study design was a 4-year, nonrandomized, contemporary control, prospective study of 77 subjects in either 3-h daily ...
McKillop Ann - - 2012
McKILLOP A, SHERIDAN N and ROWE D. Nursing Inquiry 2012 [Epub ahead of print] New light through old windows: nurses, colonists and indigenous survival The aim of this study was to explore the influences, processes and environments that shaped the practice of European nurses for indigenous New Zealand (NZ) Māori ...
Brick Katherine E - - 2012
  Blastomycosis is a rare fungal infection that most often initially infects the lungs and can progress to disseminated involvement of the skin, bones, and central nervous system (CNS). Pediatric blastomycosis constitutes a small portion of total cases, but delay in diagnosis may result in significant morbidity. Seventeen pediatric cases ...
Hamoir Marc - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Organ-preservation approaches are frequently favored in the treatment of advanced pyriform sinus carcinoma. In selected cases, use of free flaps allows voice-sparing surgery. METHODS: Thirteen patients underwent conservative extended laryngopharyngectomy. In 11 patients, the resection included the supraglottic larynx, whereas the whole hemilarynx was resected in 2. Reconstruction was ...
Vigren Lina - - 2012
Abstract Objective. Collagenous colitis (CC) and lymphocytic colitis (LC) are two subtypes of microscopic colitis (MC). Even though they most often are described as different entities they share many clinical and histological features. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of conversion between CC and LC in ...
Bodin Frédéric - - 2012
The evolution of our health care system strengthens multidisciplinary collaboration in medical practice. Today, the tumor board meeting (TBM) has become mandatory for treatment decision-making in oncology. Experts recommend that such a multidisciplinary tool be extended to prophylactic mastectomy. We will discuss the relevance of this extension on the basis ...
Matter P - - 2012
Pollen flow is a key biological process that connects plant populations, preventing genetic impoverishment and inbreeding. Pollen-mediated long-distance dispersal (LDD) events are especially important for plant species in increasingly fragmented landscapes. Patterns of pollen dispersal were directly estimated and dispersal kernels modelled in an experimental population of Ranunculus bulbosus and ...
Fuentes Mari C - - 2012
Previous studies have indicated that supplementation with probiotic bacteria may improve lipid metabolism. The present study was aimed at investigating the effects of a mixture of three strains of Lactobacillus plantarum (CECT 7527, CECT 7528 and CECT 7529) on cholesterol-lowering efficacy in hypercholesterolaemic patients. A total of sixty volunteers (thirty ...
Raum Marcus R - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Acute hemorrhage after life-threatening injury is still one of the main killers after trauma. The article by Brockamp and colleagues presents a good overview of recent scores for estimation of blood loss and transfusion requirement.
Baroni Adone - - 2012
  Idiopathic facial aseptic granuloma is a chronic, benign, and painless facial nodule occurring exclusively in childhood. Its pathogenesis is unclear, although some interesting hypotheses have been advanced. On the basis of the relationship existing between this disease and recurrent chalazions and conjunctivitis, we hypothesize that it could be considered ...
Amgoune Abderrahmane - - 2012
Over the last few years, the coordination of phosphine-boranes and related Frustrated Lewis Pairs to transition metals has attracted considerable interest. These polyfunctional, ambiphilic ligands are very versatile. In particular, the Lewis acid site may participate in different ways to coordination, directly at the metal or in near periphery. These ...
Bikondoa Oier - - 2012
Ion beam sputtering is a widely used technique to obtain patterned surfaces. Despite the wide use of this approach on different materials to create surface nanostructures, the theoretical model to explain the time evolution of the erosion process is still debated. We show, with the help of simulations, that two-time ...
Suzuki Katsuhiro - - 2012
Monomethylarginine, asymmetric dimethylarginine and symmetric dimethylarginine were separated on a Wakopak Combi ODS with an acetonitrile-100 mm potassium phosphate buffer (pH 7.0; 1:1, v/v). Dimethylarginines were derived from o-phthalaldehyde for the fluorescence detector and from 6-ferrocenyl-1-hexanethiol for the electrochemical detector. The detection limits of the dimethylarginines in spiked plasma were 0.3-0.5 ...
Said Samar M - - 2012
Amyloidosis is a disorder characterized by extracellular deposition of proteins in an abnormal fibrillar configuration. Amyloidosis can be localized or systemic and may affect any organ. Breast involvement by amyloidosis has rarely been reported. In this study, we described the characteristics of 40 cases of breast amyloidosis that were reviewed ...
Ghavane Sunil - - 2012
Aim:  To study the effect of Kangaroo mother care in the Kangaroo ward in comparison with conventional care at neonatal unit on growth and breastfeeding in very low birth weight infants at 40 weeks' corrected gestational age. Methods:  One hundred and forty neonates with birth weight <1500 g were randomized. The primary ...
Yoshimoto Maisa - - 2012
Prostatic adenocarcinoma is an epithelial malignancy characterized by marked histological heterogeneity. It most often has a multifocal distribution within the gland, and different Gleason grades may be present within different foci. Data from our group and others have shown that the genomic deletion of the phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted ...
El-Akhal M R - - 2012
Increasing soil salinity represents a major constraint for agriculture in arid and semi-arid lands, where mineral nitrogen (N) deficiency is also a frequent characteristic of soils. Biological N fixation by legumes may constitute a sustainable alternative to chemical fertilisation in salinity-affected areas, provided that adapted cultivars and inoculants are available. ...
Ton Quynh V - - 2012
Gap junction channels mediate direct cell-cell communication via the exchange of second messengers, ions, and metabolites from one cell to another. Mutations in several human connexin (cx) genes, the subunits of gap junction channels, disturb the development and function of multiple tissues/organs. In particular, appropriate function of Cx43 is required ...
Lang Michael - - 2012
Most living species exploit a limited range of resources. However, little is known about how tight associations build up during evolution between such specialist species and the hosts they use. We examined the dependence of Drosophila pachea on its single host, the senita cactus. Several amino acid changes in the ...
Korpelainen H - - 2012
Using genetic markers, we investigated the genetic structure of three clonal aquatic moss species, Calliergon megalophyllum Mikut., Fontinalis antipyretica Hedw. and F. hypnoides Hartm. on two scales: among populations in a connected lake system (large-scale spatial genetic structure) and among individuals within populations (fine-scale spatial genetic structure). Mean genetic diversities per ...
Kim Jinhyuk - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: While both ecological momentary assessment (EMA) and the day reconstruction method (DRM) have been used to overcome recall bias, a full systematic comparison of these methods has not been conducted. This study was aimed to investigate the differences and correlations between momentary fatigue and mood states recorded by EMA ...
Robles R - - 2012
We evaluate the electronic, geometric and energetic properties of quasi 1D wires formed by dangling-bonds on Si(100)-H(2 × 1). The calculations are performed with density functional theory (DFT). Infinite wires are found to be insulating and Peierls distorted, however finite wires develop localized electronic states that can be of great use for ...
Sandulache Vlad C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is increasing in frequency. We reviewed patients with advanced-stage OPSCC treated with chemoradiation to assess the impact of residual neck disease on survival. METHODS: We reviewed 202 patients with OPSCC between 1990 and 2010 treated with primary chemoradiation followed by neck dissection. Imaging was ...
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