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Libório Alexandre Braga - - 2012
Cardiorenal syndrome has been recently divided into 5 categories, according to acute or chronic evolution and primary organ dysfunction. Anemia can also accompany this disorder, leading to a more complex situation. This study aims to analyze the renal outcomes of patients, specifically patients with chronic Cardiorenal syndrome, with or without ...
Pearson Adam - - 2012
Combined prospective randomized controlled trial and observational cohort study of spinal stenosis (SpS) with an as-treated analysis. To determine modifiers of the treatment effect (TE) of surgery (the difference between surgical and nonoperative outcomes) for SpS using subgroup analysis. The Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial demonstrated a positive surgical TE ...
Manirankunda Lazare - - 2012
This study identified physicians' HIV testing practices and their barriers toward implementing provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling (PITC) for Sub-Saharan African migrants (SAM) in Flanders, Belgium. In-depth interviews were conducted on a purposive sample of 20 physicians (ten GPs and ten internists). GPs performed mainly patient-initiated tests, while internists carried ...
Li Hao - - 2012
To identify Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis infection in northeastern China, we tested blood samples from 622 febrile patients. We identified in 7 infected patients and natural foci for this bacterium. Field surveys showed that 1.6% of ticks and 3.8% of rodents collected from residences of patients were also infected.
Kim Jung-Hyun - - 2012
This study was done to identify dietary patterns and determine relationships between obesity and dietary patterns in Korean women. Using 3,742 cases of baseline data from the Korean Health and Genome Study, dietary patterns were identified using factor analysis of data from a validated food frequency questionnaire. Relationships between dietary ...
Maluki Azar Hadi - - 2012
Abstract Background. Q-Switched Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm) is a new modality that was reported to be effective in treatment of acne scars. Objective. To evaluate the effectiveness and the safety of this laser in treatment of acne scars. Patients and methods. This case series, descriptive and comparative study was conducted ...
Yang Gang - - 2012
Calculations were performed to study the interactions of metal ions (M) with (multiple) amino acids (AA) and fill the gap between single AA and proteins. A complete conformational search results in nine and eleven ZnGly isomers at B3P86 and MP2 levels, respectively, and four populated conformers of glycine are responsible ...
Benson M D - - 2012
Venous thrombotic events (VTE) occur 1-2 per 10,000 pregnancies and remain one of the leading causes of maternal mortality in the developed world. The two largest risk factors are a personal history of VTE and heritable thrombophilias. D-dimer tests for VTE in pregnancy have a high false positive rate and ...
He Kai - - 2012
On December 5, 2012, a specimen of Chodsigoa caovansunga Lunde, Musser and Son, 2003 was collected at Manhao, Gejiu, Yunnan (N23Degrees Celsius00'43.0'', E103Degrees Celsius26'18.9'', 350 m asl). This finding is the first recorded distribution of C. caovansunga in China and outside of the type locality (Mt. Tay Con Linh II, ...
Chan A Oo - - 2012
OBJECTIVES. Although Picolax (sodium picosulphate and magnesium citrate) has been widely documented for use in bowel preparation, there is limited literature on its efficacy in the treatment of constipation. Refractory constipation is a more difficult situation with limited treatment options available. The primary objective of this study was to investigate ...
Zarea Kourosh - - 2012
Psychiatric nurses play an important role in the process of caring for mentally ill patients and are continually faced with the numerous challenges and complex issues related to this field. This study aimed to understand the perspectives of psychiatric nurses regarding the issues they face while providing care and examine ...
Mowaka Shereen - - 2012
Oxaliplatin, [(1R,2R)-cyclohexane-1,2-diamine](ethanedioato-O,O')platinum(II) shows a great efficiency against colorectal cancer. Although the mode of action of oxaliplatin is not yet understood, it is commonly accepted that binding of oxaliplatin to DNA prevents DNA synthesis and alters protein to DNA binding. In order to elucidate the modified DNA-protein interaction and thus to ...
Tomasello S D - - 2012
Retrograde approach via collateral channels in coronary angioplasty for chronic total occlusion (CTO) can improve recanalization success rate. Most interventionalists will meet few cases where the retrograde approach will provide unequaled advantages, but many are held back from taking retrograde approach by lack of proper equipment and expertise. In this ...
Shermak Michele A MA Plastic Surgery Center of Maryland, Lutherville, MD 21093, USA. - - 2012
Postbariatric body contouring surgery has grown in prevalence, mirroring the ascent of weight loss surgery. With the rise in prevalence of this subset of plastic surgery procedures, we are gaining wisdom about technique, safety, and outcomes associated with this patient population. The pearls of patient management include discussion about characteristics ...
Frye Victoria - - 2012
In the United States, racial disparities in HIV/AIDS are stark. Although African Americans comprise an estimated 14% of the U.S. population, they made up 52% of new HIV cases among adults and adolescents diagnosed in 2009. Heterosexual transmission is now the second leading cause of HIV in the United States. ...
Kong J Cw - - 2012
Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation is a rare entity in the paediatric population. However, it is being recognised with increasing frequency due to better diagnostic techniques. Neonates usually present with congestive heart failure, while in older infants and children it tends to manifest with seizures, hydrocephalus, intracerebral or subarachnoid haemorrhages. ...
He Bosai - - 2012
Suan-Zao-Ren (SZR) decoction, consisting of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen, Poria, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Anemarrhenae Rhizoma and Glycyrrhizae Radix Et Rhizoma, is a Traditional Chinese Medicine prescription, clinically used for the treatment of insomnia. The objective of this study was to develop a sensitive and reliable UFLC-MS/MS method for simultaneous quantitation of spinosin, ...
Kaluski E - - 2012
Fractional flow reserve (FFR) has become an extremely valuable tool for assessing the hemodynamic significance of intermediate coronary lesions. This manuscript delineates the current guidelines regarding the use of FFR and discusses emerging indications for the use of this diagnostic tool and how they compare with and complement non-invasive or ...
Li Pei-Lu - - 2012
HIV-1 restriction factors have became one of the hottest fields of AIDS researches. In 2011, SAMHD1 was demonstrated to be a novel HIV-1 restriction factor, adding to a list of HIV-1 restriction factors that include APOBEC3G, TRIM5α and Tetherin. SAMHD1 is highly expressed in myeloid-lineage monocytes, such as macrophages and ...
Lin Chia-Hsien - - 2012
Kaohsiung City, a modern metropolis of 1.5 million persons, has been the focus of dengue virus activity in Taiwan for several decades. The aim of this study was to provide a temporal and spatial description of dengue virus epidemiology in Kaohsiung City by using data for all laboratory-confirmed dengue cases ...
Lau J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE. To assess the effect of a difference in nomenclature for psychiatric illness on perceptions of university students. DESIGN. Cross-sectional study. SETTING. Three local universities in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS. A total of 201 university students (undergraduates or postgraduates) were interviewed with a questionnaire. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. Score difference between the ...
Torres Elisa E University of Iowa, College of Nursing, Iowa City, Iowa 52242-1121, USA. - - 2012
A 12-item version of the 20-item Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) Scale was not validated in Black US adults but demonstrated strong psychometrics in other populations. Using data from the National Survey of American Life (n = 4,815), the psychometric properties of the scale were tested in African American and ...
Hsu Fong-Fu FF Mass Spectrometry Resource, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism and Lipid Research, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2012
Glycopeptidolipids (GPLs) are abundant in the cell walls of different species of mycobacteria and consist of tripeptide-amino-alcohol core of D-Phe-D-allo-Thr-D-Ala-L-alaninol linked to 3-hydroxy or 3-methoxy C(26-34) fatty acyl chain at the N-terminal of D-Phe via amide linkage, and a 6-deoxytalose (6-dTal) and an O-methyl rhamnose residues, respectively, attach to D-allo-Thr ...
Penn M S - - 2012
Stem cell based repair of the heart has captured the mind and imagination of cardiovascular specialists and the lay public. Significant progress has been made at the bench defining the mechanisms of action. This work has gone on further to demonstrate that there is an endogenous stem cell based repair ...
Patel Kamlesh B KB Craniofacial Center and Department of Plastic and Oral Surgery, Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass. 02115, - - 2012
The authors' purpose was to document speech outcome after cleft palate repair in patients with syndromic versus nonsyndromic Robin sequence. Results of secondary correction of velopharyngeal insufficiency using a superiorly based pharyngeal flap or double-opposing Z-palatoplasty are also reported. Charts of patients with Robin sequence and cleft palate between 1980 ...
Scelza Miriam Zaccaro - - 2012
The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of different times of extraction on the cytotoxicity of six representatives of different root canal sealer groups-Real Seal SE, AH Plus, GuttaFlow, Sealapex, Roth 801, and ThermaSeal Plus-with human gingival fibroblasts. The materials were prepared according to manufacturers' specifications, and ...
Zhao Jie-Jun - - 2012
The ultrastructure of nymph mouthparts of the Chinese white wax scale (CWWS), Ericerus pela, consists internally of the crumena, tentorium, the stylet bundle, comprised of two mandibular stylets and two maxillary stylets, and the external clypeolabral shield, labium and sensilla. The mouthpart morphology and structures of the female nymphs are ...
Giaginis Constantinos - - 2012
Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is considered to be a crucial regulatory mediator of bone metabolism by acting as a decoy receptor of the receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL). OPG and RANKL have further become the subject of intense interest for their potential role in cardiovascular disease. The present study ...
Yau C H - - 2012
OBJECTIVES. To clarify the use of ultrasonography by determining the frequency of developmental dysplasia of the hip among breech-presented Chinese neonates in Hong Kong. DESIGN. Prospective case series. SETTING. Regional hospital, Hong Kong. PATIENTS. All breech-presented Chinese neonates born during January 2008 to June 2009 were included (except premature neonates). ...
Chou Chi-Hsien - - 2012
Betel quid chewing is associated with cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and carcinogenicity in diseases such as oral cancer, liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma and diabetes mellitus. Arecoline and arecaidine, which are the main alkaloids in the areca nut, are potential exposure biomarkers in habitual betel quid users. This study developed a method of ...
Carrié D - - 2012
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is considered as the gold standard treatment of unprotected left main coronary artery disease. Over the last 10 years, improvement in stent technology and operators experience explained the increased number of reports on the results of percutaneous coronary interventions for the treatment of left main ...
Liu Yajing - - 2012
NEL-like molecule 1 (NELL1) is a potent osteogenic factor associated with craniosynostosis. Adenoviruses, the most commonly used viral vectors for gene therapy, have several disadvantages that may restrict osteogenesis. Previous studies have shown that lentiviruses can serve as ideal vectors for gene therapy for bone regeneration. In this study, two ...
Chen Yinghui - - 2012
Several studies have shown that multidrug transporters, such as P-glycoprotein (PGP), are involved in cell resistance to chemotherapy and refractory epilepsy. The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway may increase PGP activity. However, p38-mediated drug resistance associated with PGP is unclear. Here, we investigated p38-mediated doxorubicin-induced drug resistance in ...
Wang Shu-Hua - - 2012
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a human pathogen that has diverse molecular heterogeneity. Most MRSA strains in the United States are pulsed-field gel electrophoresis USA100 sequence type (ST) 5 and USA300 ST8. Infections with MRSA ST239-III are common and found during health care-associated outbreaks. However, this strain has been rarely ...
Morimoto Juliana Masami - - 2012
The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of inadequate micronutrient intake and excess sodium intake among adults age 19 years and older in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Twenty-four-hour dietary recall and sociodemographic data were collected from each participant (n=1,663) in a cross-sectional study, Inquiry of ...
Polpeta N C - - 2012
Vulvodynia affects a large number of women worldwide. It is estimated that the prevalence rate of vulvodynia is 16% in women aged 18 to 64 years, resulting in constant demand for specialized medical care, although little therapeutic success is achieved. Furthermore, the cause of this disorder remains unknown and involves ...
Pinto Shelon Cristina Souza - - 2012
The objective of this study was to analyze the effects of toothbrushing with desensitizing toothpastes on dentin permeability and dentinal tubule occlusion. Fifty rats provided two hundred incisor teeth divided into five groups: DW, brushed with distilled water (control); FT, brushed with fluoride toothpaste; SCT, brushed with strontium chloride toothpaste; ...
Wang Xi - - 2012
Habitat fragmentation is a main cause for the loss of biological diversity. Combining line-transect methods to survey the amphibians and reptiles on 23 islands on Thousand Island Lake in Zhejiang province, along with survey data on nearby plant species and habitat variables collected by GIS, we used the"BINMATNEST (binary matrix ...
Hasker Epco - - 2012
To identify factors associated with incidence of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), we surveyed 13,416 households in Bihar State, India. VL was associated with socioeconomic status, type of housing, and belonging to the Musahar caste. Annual coverage of indoor residual insecticide spraying was 12%. Increasing such spraying can greatly contribute to VL ...
Turan Alparslan - - 2012
Many anesthetics reduce lower esophageal sphincter pressure (LESP) and consequently the gastro-esophageal pressure gradient (GEPG); thus they may promote gastro-esophageal reflux and contribute to aspiration pneumonia. Our goals were to evaluate the association between LESP and 2 measures of sedation: bispectral index (BIS) and the responsiveness component of the Observer's ...
Catalano Stefano - - 2012
Echinococcus multilocularis is a zoonotic parasite in wild canids. We determined its frequency in urban coyotes (Canis latrans) in Alberta, Canada. We detected E. multilocularis in 23 of 91 coyotes in this region. This parasite is a public health concern throughout the Northern Hemisphere, partly because of increased urbanization of ...
Griffiths S M - - 2012
Enhancing primary care is one of the proposals put forward in the Healthcare Reform Consultation Document "Your Health, Your Life" issued in March 2008. In 2009, the Working Group on Primary Care, chaired by the Secretary for Food and Health, recommended the development of age-group and disease-specific primary care conceptual ...
Cunningham Robert - - 2012
This work investigates the introduction of methanol and a salt modifier to molecular weight cut-off membrane-based centrifugal filters (MWCO) to enrich sub-microgram peptide quantities. Using a neuropeptide standard, bradykinin, sample loss was reduced over two orders of magnitude with and without undigested protein present. Additionally, a bovine serum albumin tryptic ...
Sgueglia G A - - 2012
Coronary bifurcations are frequently found complex coronary lesions that continue to be associated to worse outcomes than simpler ones, despite dedicated techniques and use of drug-eluting stents (DES). Moreover, besides concerns regarding DES thrombosis and late restenosis in complex lesions, several issues might limit DES use in real world conditions. ...
Smith Dawn K - - 2012
We elicited attitudes about, and service access preferences for, daily oral antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) from urban, African-American young men and women, ages 18-24 years, at risk for HIV transmission through their sexual and drug-related behaviors participating in eight mixed-gender and two MSM-only focus groups in Atlanta, Georgia. Participants reported ...
Blitvich Bradley J - - 2012
We performed a serologic investigation to determine whether orthobunyaviruses commonly infect humans in the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico. Orthobunyavirus-specific antibodies were detected by plaque reduction neutralization test in 146 (18%) of 823 persons tested. Further studies are needed to determine health risks for humans from this potentially deadly group of ...
Tsang K Y - - 2012
We report the second imported case of New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM-1) Enterobacteriaceae encountered in Hong Kong soon after the patient's arrival in the territory for medical care. As NDM-1 is spreading throughout the world via international travel, being an international city, Hong Kong was always expected to encounter the same ...
Liu Ran - - 2012
A high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with Q-time of flight mass spectrometry (HPLC/Q-TOF MS) method was developed and validated for the determination of 1, 3-diaminopropane, putrescine, cadaverine, spermidine and spermine in human plasma. The plasma samples were first pretreated by 10% HClO(4) and then derived by benzoyl chloride with 1, 6-diaminohexane ...
Zhang Jing - - 2012
In long-term evolution, wildlife in general and primates in particular have formed specific patterns of behavior to adapt to a diverse variety of habitat environments. Current research on positional behavior in non-human primates has been found to explain a great deal about primate adaptability diversification, ecology, anatomy and evolution. Here, ...
Marinova-Petkova Atanaska - - 2012
On March 15, 2010, a highly pathogenic avian influenza virus was isolated from the carcass of a common buzzard (Buteo buteo) in Bulgaria. Phylogenetic analyses of the virus showed a close genetic relationship with influenza virus A (H5N1) clade 2.3.2.1 viruses isolated from wild birds in the Tyva Republic and ...
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