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Andree Christoph - - 2012
The internal mammary artery and vein is often used as a site of anastomoses in microvascular breast reconstruction. This area supports lymphatic drainage of the breast and its role in breast cancer metastasis remains unclear. We hypothesize that sampling of internal mammary lymph nodes at the time of microvascular anastomoses ...
Koto Kazutaka - - 2012
Chondrosarcoma arising from the sternum is extremely rare and is often untreatable. Removal of the sternum for malignant tumor results in large defects in bone and soft tissue, causing deformity and paradoxical movement of the chest wall and making subsequent repair of the thorax very important. We report a very ...
Langwińska-Wośko Ewa - - 2012
Devic's disease, also known as neuromyelinitis optica (NMO), is a severe, rare demyelinating disorder, previously considered to be a form of multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of this study was to present the case report of 21-year-old woman with a very early diagnosis of Devic's disease, established following electrophysiological testing. ...
Gola Monika - - 2012
Epidermal stem cells have become an object of intensive research. The epidermis constitutes one of the main sources of stem cells and is a tissue of choice for use in exploring their biology. Stratified squamous epithelium (epidermis) possesses the capacity for self-renewal and repair due to the presence of epidermal ...
Hall Aron J - - 2012
Noroviruses are the leading cause of foodborne illness in the United States. To better guide interventions, we analyzed 2,922 foodborne disease outbreaks for which norovirus was the suspected or confirmed cause, which had been reported to the Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ...
Cardinale Eric - - 2012
During 2009, pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus affected humans on Réunion Island. Since then, the virus has sustained circulation among local swine herds, raising concerns about the potential for genetic evolution of the virus and possible retransmission back to humans of variants with increased virulence. Continuous surveillance of A(H1N1)pdm09 infection in ...
Birge Justin - - 2012
Powassan virus (POWV) is a rare tick-borne agent of encephalitis in North America. Historically, confirmed cases occurred mainly in the northeastern United States. Since 2008, confirmed cases in Minnesota and Wisconsin have increased. We report a fatal case of POWV encephalitis in Minnesota. POWV infection should be suspected in tick-exposed ...
Hamer Sarah A - - 2012
Bird-facilitated introduction of ticks and associated pathogens is postulated to promote invasion of tick-borne zoonotic diseases into urban areas. Results of a longitudinal study conducted in suburban Chicago, Illinois, USA, during 2005-2010 show that 1.6% of 6,180 wild birds captured in mist nets harbored ticks. Tick species in order of ...
Marinova-Petkova Atanaska - - 2012
On March 15, 2010, a highly pathogenic avian influenza virus was isolated from the carcass of a common buzzard (Buteo buteo) in Bulgaria. Phylogenetic analyses of the virus showed a close genetic relationship with influenza virus A (H5N1) clade 2.3.2.1 viruses isolated from wild birds in the Tyva Republic and ...
Tichenor Wellington S - - 2012
Symptoms of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) often persist despite treatment. Because nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are resistant to commonly used antimicrobial drugs and are found in drinking water that patients may use for sinus irrigation, we investigated whether some CRS patients were infected with NTM in New York, New York, USA, during ...
Nakano Tomomi - - 2012
In 2008 in Japan, 15/60 captive Japanese macaques died. Clostridium tetani was isolated from 1 monkey, and 11 had tetanus-specific symptoms. We conclude the outbreak resulted from severe environmental C. tetani contamination. Similar outbreaks could be prevented by vaccinating all monkeys, disinfecting housing areas/play equipment, replacing highly C. tetani-contaminated soil, ...
Li Hao - - 2012
To identify Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis infection in northeastern China, we tested blood samples from 622 febrile patients. We identified in 7 infected patients and natural foci for this bacterium. Field surveys showed that 1.6% of ticks and 3.8% of rodents collected from residences of patients were also infected.
Ye Jianbin - - 2012
Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis, and Enterocytozoon bieneusi were detected in 45, 35, and 116 of 411 free-range rhesus monkeys, respectively, in a popular public park in the People's Republic of China. Most genotypes and subtypes detected were anthroponotic, indicating these animals might be reservoirs for human cryptosporidiosis, giardiasis, and microsporidiosis.
Goller Katja V - - 2012
Schmallenberg virus (SBV), an orthobunyavirus of the Simbu serogroup, recently emerged in Europe and has been suggested to be a Shamonda/Sathuperi virus reassortant. Results of full-genome and serologic investigations indicate that SBV belongs to the species Sathuperi virus and is a possible ancestor of the reassortant Shamonda virus.
Mease Luke E - - 2012
Bites from Macaca mulatta monkeys, native to Afghanistan, can cause serious infections. To determine risk for US military members in Afghanistan, we reviewed records for September-December 2011. Among 126 animal bites and exposures, 10 were monkey bites. Command emphasis is vital for preventing monkey bites; provider training and bite reporting ...
Drexler Jan Felix - - 2012
Nonparenteral transmission might contribute to human parvovirus 4 (PARV4) infections in sub-Saharan Africa. PARV4 DNA was detected in 8 (0.83%) of 961 nasal samples and 5 (0.53%) of 943 fecal samples from 1,904 children in Ghana. Virus concentrations ≤ 6-7 log(10) copies/mL suggest respiratory or fecal-oral modes of PARV4 transmission.
Wang Shu-Hua - - 2012
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a human pathogen that has diverse molecular heterogeneity. Most MRSA strains in the United States are pulsed-field gel electrophoresis USA100 sequence type (ST) 5 and USA300 ST8. Infections with MRSA ST239-III are common and found during health care-associated outbreaks. However, this strain has been rarely ...
Luk Emma Y Y - - 2012
More than 900 cases of scarlet fever were recorded in Hong Kong during January-July, 2011. Six cases were complicated by toxic shock syndrome, of which 2 were fatal. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns suggested a multiclonal epidemic; emm12 was the predominant circulating type. We recommend genetic testing of and antimicrobial resistance ...
Chen Xiao-Wu - - 2012
There are only few reports about the use of bone marrow stromal stem cells (BMSCs) for the treatment of traumatic liver injury. This study aimed to study the therapeutic effect of fluorescence-labeled BMSCs administered to rats subject to traumatic liver injury. Male SD rats with a 70% resection of the ...
Jawien Jacek - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the 3 different substances that can decrease the development of atherosclerosis--nebivolol, AVE 0991 and doxycycline--could at the same time diminish the level of inflammatory indicators interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-12 (IL-12), serum amyloid A (SAA), and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1). Forty 8-week-old female ...
Wang Baocan - - 2012
There is a great need for developing novel therapies to treat liver fibrosis. Previous studies showed that both Smad7 and uPA were inhibitors of liver fibrosis. Therefore, we explored the therapeutic effects of combinational gene therapy with Smad7 and uPA on CCl4-induced liver fibrosis. Smad7 and uPA genes were cloned ...
Libório Alexandre Braga - - 2012
Cardiorenal syndrome has been recently divided into 5 categories, according to acute or chronic evolution and primary organ dysfunction. Anemia can also accompany this disorder, leading to a more complex situation. This study aims to analyze the renal outcomes of patients, specifically patients with chronic Cardiorenal syndrome, with or without ...
Yalcin Arzu Didem - - 2012
Allergic rhinitis is a common health problem affecting the immune system. The homeostasis of the immune system is regulated by apoptosis. In this study, serum circulating soluble TRAIL levels of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis patients before and after allergen-specific immunotherapy were evaluated. The sTRAIL levels of pre- and post-treated allergic rhinoconjunctivitis patients ...
Zamani Farhad - - 2012
Hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is the most common autosomal recessive disorder in white people, characterized by highly abnormal uptake of iron from the gastrointestinal tracts. Recently, mutation studies have focused to detect the genes responsible for HH. In this cross-sectional study, 12 HH patients were recruited, who were referred to Firoozgar ...
Hermanowicz Adam - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the expression of estrogen receptors alpha and beta in paratesticular tissues in a group of boys with and without cryptorchidism, and evaluation of karyotypes, localization, morphology and the major length of the undescended testes. Fifty boys (1-4 years old) with unilateral cryptorchidism ...
Wojewoda Karolina - - 2012
Dermatitis artefacta (DA) is a dermatologicopsychiatric illness that is a conscious self-infliction of lesions to accessible regions of the body. The lesions usually do not resemble those of any know skin disease and there are no specific diagnostic tests to recognize them. This makes dermatitis artefacta a very slow, challenging ...
Cavallera Guido M - - 2012
In 1948 the famous French neurologist Théophile Alajouanine published the article "Aphasia and artistic realization", a landmark in the field of research about aphasia, which discussed the case of the composer Maurice Ravel (1875-1937). Since then, many researchers have explored the final illness of the composer. In 2003 Medical Science ...
Sahin Tayfun - - 2012
The left ventricular filling pattern may show changes during respiration, which are generally used in the diagnosis of diastolic dysfunction. The clinical importance of the respiratory E/A wave pattern change has been investigated in a limited number of studies. The aim of the present study was to assess the diastolic ...
Cunningham Robert - - 2012
This work investigates the introduction of methanol and a salt modifier to molecular weight cut-off membrane-based centrifugal filters (MWCO) to enrich sub-microgram peptide quantities. Using a neuropeptide standard, bradykinin, sample loss was reduced over two orders of magnitude with and without undigested protein present. Additionally, a bovine serum albumin tryptic ...
Nasir Serdar - - 2012
Although harvesting of in situ split cranial bone is a well-established technique, few data have been generated regarding the biomechanical effect of bone harvest on the cranial bone donor site, and even fewer data have been generated regarding the biomechanical effect of calcium phosphate bone cement inlay on the donor ...
Bain James R - - 2012
Residual size discrepancy between the affected and unaffected limbs is a distinct but not well-understood consequence of an obstetrical brachial plexus injury. This study aimed to document the extent of limb length differences in children with obstetrical brachial plexus injury compared with typically developing children. The effects of age, growth ...
Adams William P WP - - 2012
After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Cite the key concepts in the process of breast augmentation that optimize outcomes; 2. Cite key components of tissue-based planning for implant selection; 3. Discuss complications and risks of breast augmentation. Breast augmentation remains one of the top surgical ...
Oni Georgette - - 2012
The use of knotless barbed sutures has shortened operation times for wound closure. In experimental models, their use in tendon surgery is still under investigation. This study looks at the use of barbed sutures in a porcine model for fascial repair when compared with traditional absorbable suture to further extend ...
Shermak Michele A - - 2012
Postbariatric body contouring surgery has grown in prevalence, mirroring the ascent of weight loss surgery. With the rise in prevalence of this subset of plastic surgery procedures, we are gaining wisdom about technique, safety, and outcomes associated with this patient population. The pearls of patient management include discussion about characteristics ...
Tovetjärn Robert - - 2012
Apert syndrome (acrocephalosyndactyly type 1) includes craniofacial deformities, malformations of the extremities and the central nervous system, and often mental retardation. The aim of this study was to investigate the life situation of adult patients with Apert syndrome. Thirty-three patients with Apert syndrome born before 1990 were identified in the ...
Alter Gary J - - 2012
Weight gain and subsequent weight loss usually result in unsightly large fat deposition in the pubic areas along with ptosis of the fat pad and skin. Men also complain of burying of the penis and the woman complains of labia majora enlargement, both causing secondary sexual dysfunction, hygiene issues, discomfort, ...
Kuypers Jane - - 2012
Data are limited regarding 2 new human polyomaviruses, KI polyomavirus (KIPyV) and WU polyomavirus (WUPyV), in immunocompromised patients. We used real-time PCR to test for these and 12 respiratory viruses in 2,732 nasal wash samples collected during the first year after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation from 222 patients. Specimens were ...
Yaroch Amy L - - 2012
Fruit and vegetable (F/V) intake assessment tools that are valid, reliable, brief, and easy to administer and code are vital to the field of public health nutrition. To evaluate three short F/V intake screeners (ie, a 2-item serving tool, a 2-item cup tool, and a 16-item F/V intake screener) among ...
Bruening Meg - - 2012
We examined associations between adolescents' and their friends' healthy eating behaviors, specifically breakfast, fruit, vegetable, whole-grain, and dairy food intake as reported by both adolescents and their friends. Data for this study were drawn from EAT-2010 (Eating and Activity among Teens), a population-based study examining multilevel factors of eating, physical ...
Russell Stefanie L - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to establish the feasibility and utility of screening for elder mistreatment in a dental clinic population. We approached older adults in a busy dental clinic and enrolled 139 persons over the age of 65 who completed an Audio Computer Assisted Self Interview (ACASI), which ...
Bush David R - - 2012
It has been demonstrated that argininolysis and uricolysis are involved in the synthesis and excretion of urea in Aedes aegypti female mosquitoes. To further investigate the metabolic regulation of urea in female mosquitoes, it is desirable to have a rapid and efficient method to monitor arginine (Arg) concentration in mosquito ...
Garvey Patrick B - - 2012
In designing an osteocutaneous fibula flap, poor planning, aberrant anatomy, or inadequate perforators may necessitate modification of the flap design, exploration of the contralateral leg, or additional flap harvest. The authors studied the predictive power of computed tomographic angiography in osteocutaneous fibula flap planning and execution. The authors studied a ...
Pearson Adam - - 2012
Combined prospective randomized controlled trial and observational cohort study of spinal stenosis (SpS) with an as-treated analysis. To determine modifiers of the treatment effect (TE) of surgery (the difference between surgical and nonoperative outcomes) for SpS using subgroup analysis. The Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial demonstrated a positive surgical TE ...
Li Xiangqi - - 2012
Lipocalins are a structurally conserved and diversely functional family of proteins that are of potential importance in epididymis functions. The rat Lcn9 gene was cloned by in silico methods and genome walking based on homology to the rhesus monkey epididymal ESC513 and its polyclonal antisera were prepared. The rat Lcn9 ...
Fowles Eileen R - - 2012
Maternal diet quality influences birth outcomes. Yet, little research exists that assesses women's diet quality during the first trimester of pregnancy, a crucial time of placental and fetal development. This cross-sectional study, describing diet quality and its relationship with stress, depression, social support, and eating habits in the first trimester, ...
Malay Sunitha - - 2012
Selection of controls, a group of subjects who are identical to the treatment group in all aspects that affect the outcome except the intervention of interest, is a significant criterion for conducting a study in evidence-based medical research. Few studies emphasize the appropriate selection of control groups in the plastic ...
Zauszniewski Jaclene A - - 2012
Grandmothers raising grandchildren may experience stress that adversely affects their health and, thus, they may benefit from interventions to promote resourcefulness. Before conducting definitive tests about the effectiveness of resourcefulness training (RT), it is essential to determine the need for the training. This study of 126 grandmothers examined baseline resourcefulness, ...
Selber Jesse C - - 2012
Despite advances in surgical training, microsurgery is still based on an apprenticeship model. To evaluate skill acquisition and apply targeted feedback to improve their training model, the authors applied the Structured Assessment of Microsurgery Skills to the training of microsurgical fellows. They hypothesized that subjects would demonstrate measurable improvement in ...
Yeghiazaryan Kristina - - 2012
Nephropathy is the leading secondary complication of metabolic syndrome. Nutritional supplement by chromium-picolinate is assumed to have renoprotective effects. However, potential toxic effects reported increase the concerns about the safety of chromium-picolinate. The experimental design aimed at determining, whether the treatment with clinically relevant doses of chromium-picolinate can harm individual ...
Oertel Bruno Georg BG pharmazentrum frankfurt/ZAFES, Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, J. W. Goethe-University Hospital, Frankfurt, - - 2012
Arterial blood sampling is necessary when drugs such as the fast-acting opioid analgesic remifentanil exhibit relevant differences between arterial and venous blood concentrations. Arterial cannulation is generally considered to be clinically safe and has thus become a standard procedure in pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic assessments. However, rare cases of arterial occlusions have to ...
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