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Results 251 - 300 of 2839
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Mease Luke E - - 2012
Bites from Macaca mulatta monkeys, native to Afghanistan, can cause serious infections. To determine risk for US military members in Afghanistan, we reviewed records for September-December 2011. Among 126 animal bites and exposures, 10 were monkey bites. Command emphasis is vital for preventing monkey bites; provider training and bite reporting ...
Drexler Jan Felix - - 2012
Nonparenteral transmission might contribute to human parvovirus 4 (PARV4) infections in sub-Saharan Africa. PARV4 DNA was detected in 8 (0.83%) of 961 nasal samples and 5 (0.53%) of 943 fecal samples from 1,904 children in Ghana. Virus concentrations ≤ 6-7 log(10) copies/mL suggest respiratory or fecal-oral modes of PARV4 transmission.
Wang Shu-Hua - - 2012
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a human pathogen that has diverse molecular heterogeneity. Most MRSA strains in the United States are pulsed-field gel electrophoresis USA100 sequence type (ST) 5 and USA300 ST8. Infections with MRSA ST239-III are common and found during health care-associated outbreaks. However, this strain has been rarely ...
Luk Emma Y Y - - 2012
More than 900 cases of scarlet fever were recorded in Hong Kong during January-July, 2011. Six cases were complicated by toxic shock syndrome, of which 2 were fatal. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns suggested a multiclonal epidemic; emm12 was the predominant circulating type. We recommend genetic testing of and antimicrobial resistance ...
Chen Xiao-Wu - - 2012
There are only few reports about the use of bone marrow stromal stem cells (BMSCs) for the treatment of traumatic liver injury. This study aimed to study the therapeutic effect of fluorescence-labeled BMSCs administered to rats subject to traumatic liver injury. Male SD rats with a 70% resection of the ...
Jawien Jacek - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the 3 different substances that can decrease the development of atherosclerosis--nebivolol, AVE 0991 and doxycycline--could at the same time diminish the level of inflammatory indicators interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-12 (IL-12), serum amyloid A (SAA), and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1). Forty 8-week-old female ...
Wang Baocan - - 2012
There is a great need for developing novel therapies to treat liver fibrosis. Previous studies showed that both Smad7 and uPA were inhibitors of liver fibrosis. Therefore, we explored the therapeutic effects of combinational gene therapy with Smad7 and uPA on CCl4-induced liver fibrosis. Smad7 and uPA genes were cloned ...
Libório Alexandre Braga - - 2012
Cardiorenal syndrome has been recently divided into 5 categories, according to acute or chronic evolution and primary organ dysfunction. Anemia can also accompany this disorder, leading to a more complex situation. This study aims to analyze the renal outcomes of patients, specifically patients with chronic Cardiorenal syndrome, with or without ...
Yalcin Arzu Didem - - 2012
Allergic rhinitis is a common health problem affecting the immune system. The homeostasis of the immune system is regulated by apoptosis. In this study, serum circulating soluble TRAIL levels of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis patients before and after allergen-specific immunotherapy were evaluated. The sTRAIL levels of pre- and post-treated allergic rhinoconjunctivitis patients ...
Zamani Farhad - - 2012
Hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is the most common autosomal recessive disorder in white people, characterized by highly abnormal uptake of iron from the gastrointestinal tracts. Recently, mutation studies have focused to detect the genes responsible for HH. In this cross-sectional study, 12 HH patients were recruited, who were referred to Firoozgar ...
Hermanowicz Adam - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the expression of estrogen receptors alpha and beta in paratesticular tissues in a group of boys with and without cryptorchidism, and evaluation of karyotypes, localization, morphology and the major length of the undescended testes. Fifty boys (1-4 years old) with unilateral cryptorchidism ...
Wojewoda Karolina - - 2012
Dermatitis artefacta (DA) is a dermatologicopsychiatric illness that is a conscious self-infliction of lesions to accessible regions of the body. The lesions usually do not resemble those of any know skin disease and there are no specific diagnostic tests to recognize them. This makes dermatitis artefacta a very slow, challenging ...
Cavallera Guido M - - 2012
In 1948 the famous French neurologist Théophile Alajouanine published the article "Aphasia and artistic realization", a landmark in the field of research about aphasia, which discussed the case of the composer Maurice Ravel (1875-1937). Since then, many researchers have explored the final illness of the composer. In 2003 Medical Science ...
Sahin Tayfun - - 2012
The left ventricular filling pattern may show changes during respiration, which are generally used in the diagnosis of diastolic dysfunction. The clinical importance of the respiratory E/A wave pattern change has been investigated in a limited number of studies. The aim of the present study was to assess the diastolic ...
Cunningham Robert - - 2012
This work investigates the introduction of methanol and a salt modifier to molecular weight cut-off membrane-based centrifugal filters (MWCO) to enrich sub-microgram peptide quantities. Using a neuropeptide standard, bradykinin, sample loss was reduced over two orders of magnitude with and without undigested protein present. Additionally, a bovine serum albumin tryptic ...
Kuypers Jane - - 2012
Data are limited regarding 2 new human polyomaviruses, KI polyomavirus (KIPyV) and WU polyomavirus (WUPyV), in immunocompromised patients. We used real-time PCR to test for these and 12 respiratory viruses in 2,732 nasal wash samples collected during the first year after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation from 222 patients. Specimens were ...
Yaroch Amy L - - 2012
Fruit and vegetable (F/V) intake assessment tools that are valid, reliable, brief, and easy to administer and code are vital to the field of public health nutrition. To evaluate three short F/V intake screeners (ie, a 2-item serving tool, a 2-item cup tool, and a 16-item F/V intake screener) among ...
Bruening Meg - - 2012
We examined associations between adolescents' and their friends' healthy eating behaviors, specifically breakfast, fruit, vegetable, whole-grain, and dairy food intake as reported by both adolescents and their friends. Data for this study were drawn from EAT-2010 (Eating and Activity among Teens), a population-based study examining multilevel factors of eating, physical ...
Russell Stefanie L - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to establish the feasibility and utility of screening for elder mistreatment in a dental clinic population. We approached older adults in a busy dental clinic and enrolled 139 persons over the age of 65 who completed an Audio Computer Assisted Self Interview (ACASI), which ...
Bush David R - - 2012
It has been demonstrated that argininolysis and uricolysis are involved in the synthesis and excretion of urea in Aedes aegypti female mosquitoes. To further investigate the metabolic regulation of urea in female mosquitoes, it is desirable to have a rapid and efficient method to monitor arginine (Arg) concentration in mosquito ...
Pearson Adam - - 2012
Combined prospective randomized controlled trial and observational cohort study of spinal stenosis (SpS) with an as-treated analysis. To determine modifiers of the treatment effect (TE) of surgery (the difference between surgical and nonoperative outcomes) for SpS using subgroup analysis. The Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial demonstrated a positive surgical TE ...
Li Xiangqi - - 2012
Lipocalins are a structurally conserved and diversely functional family of proteins that are of potential importance in epididymis functions. The rat Lcn9 gene was cloned by in silico methods and genome walking based on homology to the rhesus monkey epididymal ESC513 and its polyclonal antisera were prepared. The rat Lcn9 ...
Fowles Eileen R - - 2012
Maternal diet quality influences birth outcomes. Yet, little research exists that assesses women's diet quality during the first trimester of pregnancy, a crucial time of placental and fetal development. This cross-sectional study, describing diet quality and its relationship with stress, depression, social support, and eating habits in the first trimester, ...
Zauszniewski Jaclene A - - 2012
Grandmothers raising grandchildren may experience stress that adversely affects their health and, thus, they may benefit from interventions to promote resourcefulness. Before conducting definitive tests about the effectiveness of resourcefulness training (RT), it is essential to determine the need for the training. This study of 126 grandmothers examined baseline resourcefulness, ...
Yeghiazaryan Kristina - - 2012
Nephropathy is the leading secondary complication of metabolic syndrome. Nutritional supplement by chromium-picolinate is assumed to have renoprotective effects. However, potential toxic effects reported increase the concerns about the safety of chromium-picolinate. The experimental design aimed at determining, whether the treatment with clinically relevant doses of chromium-picolinate can harm individual ...
Oertel Bruno Georg BG pharmazentrum frankfurt/ZAFES, Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, J. W. Goethe-University Hospital, Frankfurt, - - 2012
Arterial blood sampling is necessary when drugs such as the fast-acting opioid analgesic remifentanil exhibit relevant differences between arterial and venous blood concentrations. Arterial cannulation is generally considered to be clinically safe and has thus become a standard procedure in pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic assessments. However, rare cases of arterial occlusions have to ...
Hsu Fong-Fu FF Mass Spectrometry Resource, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism and Lipid Research, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2012
Glycopeptidolipids (GPLs) are abundant in the cell walls of different species of mycobacteria and consist of tripeptide-amino-alcohol core of D-Phe-D-allo-Thr-D-Ala-L-alaninol linked to 3-hydroxy or 3-methoxy C(26-34) fatty acyl chain at the N-terminal of D-Phe via amide linkage, and a 6-deoxytalose (6-dTal) and an O-methyl rhamnose residues, respectively, attach to D-allo-Thr ...
Nyamathi Adeline A University of California-Los Angeles, School of Nursing, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA. - - 2012
Homeless gay and bisexual (G/B) men are at risk for suicide attempts and have high risk of depressed mood, defined as elevated level of depressive symptoms. This study describes baseline socio-demographic, cognitive, psychosocial, and health- and drug-related correlates of depressed mood in 267 stimulant-using homeless G/B young men who entered ...
Shin Jung U JU Department of Dermatology, Severance Hospital, Cutaneous Biology Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2012
A number of lasers and light-based devices have been reported as promising treatment options for acne vulgaris. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fractional microneedle radiofrequency (MRF) device treatment compared to CO(2) fractional laser system (FS) for the treatment of acne vulgaris. Twenty healthy subjects underwent full-face treatment for ...
Torres Elisa E University of Iowa, College of Nursing, Iowa City, Iowa 52242-1121, USA. - - 2012
A 12-item version of the 20-item Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) Scale was not validated in Black US adults but demonstrated strong psychometrics in other populations. Using data from the National Survey of American Life (n = 4,815), the psychometric properties of the scale were tested in African American and ...
Parks Joseph W JW Plastic Surgery Group of Memphis, Tenn., - - 2012
Human acellular dermis has been adopted for routine use in tissue expander reconstruction. The purported benefits include higher intraoperative fill volume, facilitation of lower pole expansion, and enhanced definition of the lower pole of the breast. Recently, concerns have arisen about an increase in postoperative complications with its use. A ...
Seth Akhil K AK Division of Plastic Surgery, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Ill. 60611, - - 2012
The role of acellular dermis in immediate prosthetic breast reconstruction remains unclear, particularly within a radiated field. The authors evaluated and compare outcomes following reconstruction with and without acellular dermis, and analyzed patients exposed to radiation therapy. Retrospective review of 417 consecutive patients (592 breasts) treated from January of 2006 ...
Hardwicke Joseph T JT Department of Plastic Surgery, University Hospitals of Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Evidence of the benefit of dilute epinephrine infiltration before reduction mammaplasty is provided by several controlled trials. Despite variation in operative technique and data collection, a reduction in intraoperative blood loss has been shown. The aim of this review of the literature is to weigh the available evidence with respect ...
Huemer George M GM Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Marienhospital Stuttgart, Stuttgart, - - 2012
Poland syndrome is a complex chest wall deformity with unilateral hypoplasia of the breast and pectoralis muscle, with a missing anterior axillary fold in its most common form. The authors report their combined experience and technique with the transverse myocutaneous gracilis flap to reconstruct the chest wall and breast either ...
Kalliainen Loree K LK American Society of Plastic Surgeons, Arlington Heights, Ill., - - 2012
In May of 2011, the Executive Committee of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons approved an evidence-based guideline on reduction mammaplasty developed by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons Health Policy Committee. The guideline addresses six clinical questions: procedural efficacy as noted by relief of symptoms, resection weight, the impact ...
Hamed Saher S Skin Research Laboratory, Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel. - - 2012
Bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells are required for vascularization of a fat graft to form a functional microvasculature within the graft and to facilitate its integration into the surrounding tissues. Organ transplantation carries a high risk of graft loss and rejection in patients with diabetes mellitus because endothelial progenitor cell ...
Richter Dirk D Dreifaltigkeits-Hospital, Wesseling, - - 2012
A novel topical skin adhesive system was developed to close the outermost layer of skin in an expeditious manner. To determine its clinical utility, a clinical investigation was undertaken to demonstrate equivalence of a new adhesive skin closure system (Prineo Skin Closure System) to intradermal sutures in wound closure. The ...
Janis Jeffrey E JE Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75309-9132, USA. - - 2012
Components separation is a widely used technique for defect size reduction in abdominal wall reconstruction, and ultimately helps achieve gold standard primary fascial reapproximation in many cases. Even with perforator-sparing techniques, oftentimes there are undermined skin flaps to varying degrees that can lead to complications such as seromas. In this ...
van der Vlugt Joris J B JJ Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Sophia Children's Hospital/Erasmus Medical University Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2012
The main objective of the present study was to assess the prevalence rates of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, and features of autism spectrum disorders in trigonocephalic patients, using validated instruments and by ruling out the confounding influence of IQ. The second aim was to assess ...
Kim Hak Su HS Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, SM Christianity Hospital, Pohang, South Korea. - - 2012
There are many approaches to the medial orbital wall. However, most of them have problems with limitation of exposure, scarring, and postoperative inflammatory symptoms related to the eye. The authors used an upper eyelid crease approach to overcome these problems and investigate the usefulness of this approach. Between 2009 and ...
Rohrich Rod J RJ Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390-9132, USA. - - 2012
The columellar strut cartilage graft has historically been assumed to be a technique that increases tip projection. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively analyze a series of 100 consecutive rhinoplasty cases by the senior author (R.J.R.) with a specific focus directed toward the effect of the columellar strut ...
Alter Gary J GJ Division of Plastic Surgery, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, Calif., USA. - - 2012
Weight gain and subsequent weight loss usually result in unsightly large fat deposition in the pubic areas along with ptosis of the fat pad and skin. Men also complain of burying of the penis and the woman complains of labia majora enlargement, both causing secondary sexual dysfunction, hygiene issues, discomfort, ...
Gilbert Erin W EW Department of General Surgery, Division of Bariatric Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Ore. 97239, - - 2012
Obesity, defined as a body mass index (weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters) greater than 30, has been increasing in incidence over the past 20 years. The treatment of obesity has evolved in concert with this growing obesity epidemic. Bariatric surgery is the only intervention ...
Malay Sunitha S Section of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Mich. 48109-0340, - - 2012
Selection of controls, a group of subjects who are identical to the treatment group in all aspects that affect the outcome except the intervention of interest, is a significant criterion for conducting a study in evidence-based medical research. Few studies emphasize the appropriate selection of control groups in the plastic ...
Kronowitz Steven J SJ Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77230-1402, USA. - - 2012
Increasing numbers of patients with breast cancer are being treated with postmastectomy radiation therapy. The author reviewed the literature to determine the clinical impact of this increasing use of postmastectomy radiation therapy in patients with breast cancer who desire implant-based breast reconstruction. The author searched the MEDLINE database for articles ...
Nasir Serdar S Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery, Hacettepe University, Ankara, - - 2012
Although harvesting of in situ split cranial bone is a well-established technique, few data have been generated regarding the biomechanical effect of bone harvest on the cranial bone donor site, and even fewer data have been generated regarding the biomechanical effect of calcium phosphate bone cement inlay on the donor ...
Garvey Patrick B PB Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. - - 2012
In designing an osteocutaneous fibula flap, poor planning, aberrant anatomy, or inadequate perforators may necessitate modification of the flap design, exploration of the contralateral leg, or additional flap harvest. The authors studied the predictive power of computed tomographic angiography in osteocutaneous fibula flap planning and execution. The authors studied a ...
Selber Jesse C JC Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. - - 2012
Despite advances in surgical training, microsurgery is still based on an apprenticeship model. To evaluate skill acquisition and apply targeted feedback to improve their training model, the authors applied the Structured Assessment of Microsurgery Skills to the training of microsurgical fellows. They hypothesized that subjects would demonstrate measurable improvement in ...
Tovetjärn Robert R Department of Plastic Surgery, Institute for Clinical Sciences, University of Göteborg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, - - 2012
Apert syndrome (acrocephalosyndactyly type 1) includes craniofacial deformities, malformations of the extremities and the central nervous system, and often mental retardation. The aim of this study was to investigate the life situation of adult patients with Apert syndrome. Thirty-three patients with Apert syndrome born before 1990 were identified in the ...
Patel Kamlesh B KB Craniofacial Center and Department of Plastic and Oral Surgery, Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass. 02115, - - 2012
The authors' purpose was to document speech outcome after cleft palate repair in patients with syndromic versus nonsyndromic Robin sequence. Results of secondary correction of velopharyngeal insufficiency using a superiorly based pharyngeal flap or double-opposing Z-palatoplasty are also reported. Charts of patients with Robin sequence and cleft palate between 1980 ...
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