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Alter Gary J GJ Division of Plastic Surgery, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, Calif., USA. - - 2012
Weight gain and subsequent weight loss usually result in unsightly large fat deposition in the pubic areas along with ptosis of the fat pad and skin. Men also complain of burying of the penis and the woman complains of labia majora enlargement, both causing secondary sexual dysfunction, hygiene issues, discomfort, ...
Piovesan Chaiana - - 2012
The aim of this paper was to assess the epidemiology of traumatic dental injury (TDI) in preschool children and its relation to socioeconomic and clinical factors. This study was carried out in Santa Maria, Brazil, during National Children's Vaccination Day, and 441 children aged 12 to 59 months were included. ...
Chao Yan - - 2012
Myostatin (MSTN) is a member of the TGF-β superfamily that acts as a negative regulator of skeletal muscle growth. A full-length, 2 180 bp, cDNA sequence of the myostatin gene from Schizopygopisis pylzovi was cloned with RT-PCR,5'-RACE and 3'-RACE and the cDNA clone included a 1 128 bp ORF, encoding ...
Cardinale Eric - - 2012
During 2009, pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus affected humans on Réunion Island. Since then, the virus has sustained circulation among local swine herds, raising concerns about the potential for genetic evolution of the virus and possible retransmission back to humans of variants with increased virulence. Continuous surveillance of A(H1N1)pdm09 infection in ...
Yalcin Arzu Didem - - 2012
Allergic rhinitis is a common health problem affecting the immune system. The homeostasis of the immune system is regulated by apoptosis. In this study, serum circulating soluble TRAIL levels of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis patients before and after allergen-specific immunotherapy were evaluated. The sTRAIL levels of pre- and post-treated allergic rhinoconjunctivitis patients ...
Kreymerman Peter P Mayo Clinic, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Phoenix, Ariz. 85054, USA. - - 2012
Since the inception and popularization of microsurgery in the 1960s and 1970s, it has been commonly accepted that the outcome of free tissue transfer directly correlates with surgeon experience. The clinical outcomes of three young microsurgeons at a single institution were retrospectively reviewed. Free flaps performed by these individuals were ...
Zhou Weiwei - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that participate in the spatiotemporal regulation of messenger RNA and protein synthesis. Aberrant miRNA expression leads to developmental abnormalities and diseases. The miR-135a is considered to be oncogenic; however, the functions and mechanisms of miR-135a in colorectal cancer (CRC) are largely unknown. Thus, we ...
Subbaraman Lakshman N - - 2012
PURPOSE.: To determine the relationship between clinical signs and symptoms and protein deposition over 8 h of wear of etafilcon A lenses in symptomatic and asymptomatic contact lens wearers. METHODS.: Thirty adapted soft contact lens wearers (16 symptomatic and 14 asymptomatic) were fitted with etafilcon A lenses. In vivo wettability, ...
Takagi Takehiko T Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2012
Despite numerous articles on the use of artificial nerve conduits, autologous nerve transplants remain the most effective for nerve repair. To improve this technique, the authors examined conduits containing gelatin hydrogel as a carrier enabling the sustained release of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). To confirm sustained bFGF release in ...
Rao Xiao-Ping - - 2012
Neural circuits of mammalian cerebral cortex have exhibited amazing abilities of structural and functional plasticity in development, learning and memory, neurological and psychiatric diseases. With the new imaging techniques and the application of molecular biology methods, observation neural circuits' structural dynamics within the cortex in vivo at the cellular and ...
Cohen Nicole J - - 2012
Organisms, including Vibrio cholerae, can be transferred between harbors in the ballast water of ships. Zones in the Caribbean region where distance from shore and water depth meet International Maritime Organization guidelines for ballast water exchange are extremely limited. Use of ballast water treatment systems could mitigate the risk for ...
Wong E Ly - - 2012
OBJECTIVE. To measure patient satisfaction in relation to in-patient experience in public hospitals. DESIGN. Cross-sectional study. SETTING. Twenty-five selected Hospital Authority acute and convalescence hospitals in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS. Eligible patients discharged between 15 June and 27 September 2010 from the selected Hospital Authority public hospitals. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. A ...
Zauszniewski Jaclene A - - 2012
Grandmothers raising grandchildren may experience stress that adversely affects their health and, thus, they may benefit from interventions to promote resourcefulness. Before conducting definitive tests about the effectiveness of resourcefulness training (RT), it is essential to determine the need for the training. This study of 126 grandmothers examined baseline resourcefulness, ...
Wang Chengtao - - 2012
This study described a fully automated method using on-line solid phase extraction of large volume injections coupled with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) to simultaneously detect a group of recalcitrant microconstituents (pharmaceuticals and personal care products, steroid hormones and sterols) in aqueous matrices. Samples (1 mL ...
Gola Monika - - 2012
Epidermal stem cells have become an object of intensive research. The epidermis constitutes one of the main sources of stem cells and is a tissue of choice for use in exploring their biology. Stratified squamous epithelium (epidermis) possesses the capacity for self-renewal and repair due to the presence of epidermal ...
Tovetjärn Robert R Department of Plastic Surgery, Institute for Clinical Sciences, University of Göteborg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, - - 2012
Apert syndrome (acrocephalosyndactyly type 1) includes craniofacial deformities, malformations of the extremities and the central nervous system, and often mental retardation. The aim of this study was to investigate the life situation of adult patients with Apert syndrome. Thirty-three patients with Apert syndrome born before 1990 were identified in the ...
van den Broek M P H - - 2012
Therapeutic hypothermia can influence the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of drugs, the discipline which is called thermopharmacology. We studied the effect of therapeutic hypothermia on the pharmacokinetics of phenobarbital in asphyxiated neonates, and the clinical efficacy and the effect of phenobarbital on the continuous amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) in a prospective study. ...
Douglass Chester W - - 2012
The population of the United States is aging rapidly, and the prevalence of chronic diseases will increase as the population grows and ages. The management of chronic illnesses will become an increasing burden for primary care providers. This article suggests that dentists may need to monitor chronic disease and control ...
Faber Mirko S - - 2012
We assessed hepatitis E virus (HEV) antibody seroprevalence in a sample of the adult population in Germany. Overall HEV IgG prevalence was 16.8% (95% CI 15.6%-17.9%) and increased with age, leveling off at >60 years of age. HEV is endemic in Germany, and the lifetime risk for exposure is high.
Ott Susan M - - 2012
A new population-based study of elderly patients hospitalized for a fracture and treated with an oral bisphosphonate finds no increased risk of acute kidney injury. The safety and efficacy of bisphosphonates may be different in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The effects on vascular calcifications need further study, because ...
Kalliainen Loree K LK American Society of Plastic Surgeons, Arlington Heights, Ill., - - 2012
In May of 2011, the Executive Committee of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons approved an evidence-based guideline on reduction mammaplasty developed by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons Health Policy Committee. The guideline addresses six clinical questions: procedural efficacy as noted by relief of symptoms, resection weight, the impact ...
Goller Katja V - - 2012
Schmallenberg virus (SBV), an orthobunyavirus of the Simbu serogroup, recently emerged in Europe and has been suggested to be a Shamonda/Sathuperi virus reassortant. Results of full-genome and serologic investigations indicate that SBV belongs to the species Sathuperi virus and is a possible ancestor of the reassortant Shamonda virus.
Bruening Meg - - 2012
We examined associations between adolescents' and their friends' healthy eating behaviors, specifically breakfast, fruit, vegetable, whole-grain, and dairy food intake as reported by both adolescents and their friends. Data for this study were drawn from EAT-2010 (Eating and Activity among Teens), a population-based study examining multilevel factors of eating, physical ...
Zanardi M - - 2012
The aim of this paper was to determine the activity of a natural nutraceuticals combination (AP=Berberine+Red Yeast Rice) on dyslipidemia which frequently persists after life style changes in patients on hormone-therapy following breast cancer (HT-BC). Twenty-one HT-BC patients, free of tumor, mean age 59.9 years, BMI 28,9 kg/m2, waist circumference ...
Parks Joseph W JW Plastic Surgery Group of Memphis, Tenn., - - 2012
Human acellular dermis has been adopted for routine use in tissue expander reconstruction. The purported benefits include higher intraoperative fill volume, facilitation of lower pole expansion, and enhanced definition of the lower pole of the breast. Recently, concerns have arisen about an increase in postoperative complications with its use. A ...
Yeghiazaryan Kristina - - 2012
Nephropathy is the leading secondary complication of metabolic syndrome. Nutritional supplement by chromium-picolinate is assumed to have renoprotective effects. However, potential toxic effects reported increase the concerns about the safety of chromium-picolinate. The experimental design aimed at determining, whether the treatment with clinically relevant doses of chromium-picolinate can harm individual ...
Machado Fernanda Campos - - 2012
The aim of this study was to use the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique to test the hypothesis of qualitative and quantitative differences of 8 periodontopathogens between pregnant and non-pregnant women. This cross-sectional study included 20 pregnant women in their second trimester of pregnancy and 20 non-pregnant women. Probing ...
Yan Xiao-Hong - - 2012
The miRNA cluster mir-17-92 is conserved in vertebrates and plays crucial roles in cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and animal development. The mir-17-92 cluster also acts as an oncogene that is expressed in variety of cancers. Despite extensive study, the molecular mechanism underlying its functions is not fully understood. The fact ...
Andree Christoph - - 2012
The internal mammary artery and vein is often used as a site of anastomoses in microvascular breast reconstruction. This area supports lymphatic drainage of the breast and its role in breast cancer metastasis remains unclear. We hypothesize that sampling of internal mammary lymph nodes at the time of microvascular anastomoses ...
Cochico Sally G - - 2012
Allergies to certain foods such as soybeans and eggs contraindicate the use of propofol, a short-acting hypnotic medication used by many anesthesia care providers. Understanding the safe use and handling of propofol and communicating known patient allergies to all surgical team members is crucial to providing safe perioperative care. The ...
Oertel Bruno Georg BG pharmazentrum frankfurt/ZAFES, Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, J. W. Goethe-University Hospital, Frankfurt, - - 2012
Arterial blood sampling is necessary when drugs such as the fast-acting opioid analgesic remifentanil exhibit relevant differences between arterial and venous blood concentrations. Arterial cannulation is generally considered to be clinically safe and has thus become a standard procedure in pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic assessments. However, rare cases of arterial occlusions have to ...
Parent Maxim - - 2012
A variety of methods are available for assessing diet; however, many are impractical for large research studies in an institutional environment. Technology, specifically digital imaging, can make diet estimations more feasible for research. Our goal was to compare a digital imaging method of estimating regular and modified-texture main plate food ...
Parikh Rajiv P RP Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of South Florida, Tampa, Fla. 33606, - - 2012
In breast reconstruction with autologous fat grafting, concerns persist about the ability to differentiate palpable masses representing fat necrosis from recurrent cancer. The authors' objective was to develop standardized imaging classifications to distinguish benign from malignant lesions after fat grafting. A database of 286 breast reconstruction patients undergoing fat grafting ...
Rodrigues Stéfani Becker - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the physical properties of irreversible hydrocolloid materials poured immediately and after different storage periods. Four alginates were tested: Color Change (Cavex); Hydrogum (Zhermack); Hydrogum 5 (Zhermack); and Hydro Print Premium (Coltene). Their physical properties, including the recovery from deformation (n = 3), ...
Yang Gang - - 2012
We investigated the feeding sites of the Nonggang Babbler (Stachyris nonggangensis) during three time periods (July-September, 2010; November-December, 2010; January-February, 2011) in Nonggang National Nature Reserve, Guangxi, China with the line transect method and sampling method. Principal component analysis of the data identified that the feeding sites in the rainy ...
Hall Aron J - - 2012
Noroviruses are the leading cause of foodborne illness in the United States. To better guide interventions, we analyzed 2,922 foodborne disease outbreaks for which norovirus was the suspected or confirmed cause, which had been reported to the Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ...
Zhang Zhenmei - - 2012
Recent research showed that mistreatment of nursing home residents by other residents may be highly prevalent. The present study examined the issue from family members' perspectives. The data came from the 2005 and 2007 random-digit dial telephone surveys of Michigan households with a family member in long-term care. Based on ...
Szpinda MichaƂ - - 2012
Advances in perinatal medicine have required an extensive knowledge of fetal aorto-iliac measurements. The present study was performed to compile reference data for dimensions of the abdominal aorta at varying gestational ages. Using the methods of anatomical dissection, digital-image analysis (Leica QWin Pro 16 system), and statistical analysis (Student's t-test, ...
Malay Sunitha S Section of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Mich. 48109-0340, - - 2012
Selection of controls, a group of subjects who are identical to the treatment group in all aspects that affect the outcome except the intervention of interest, is a significant criterion for conducting a study in evidence-based medical research. Few studies emphasize the appropriate selection of control groups in the plastic ...
Dockens Randy - - 2012
Avagacestat is an orally active γ-secretase inhibitor that selectively inhibits amyloid β (Aβ) synthesis in cell culture and animal models. The objective of the current study was to assess the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, safety and tolerability of multiple doses of avagacestat over 28 days in healthy young men and elderly men and ...
Luk Emma Y Y - - 2012
More than 900 cases of scarlet fever were recorded in Hong Kong during January-July, 2011. Six cases were complicated by toxic shock syndrome, of which 2 were fatal. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns suggested a multiclonal epidemic; emm12 was the predominant circulating type. We recommend genetic testing of and antimicrobial resistance ...
Griffin Matthew D - - 2012
Mononuclear phagocytes (macrophages, dendritic cells, and monocytes) play a complex role in kidney disease. Techniques for selectively depleting them in rodents have made important contributions but have also generated some contradictory results. Ferenbach et al. report that two widely used mononuclear phagocyte depletion techniques differentially affect early severity of renal ...
Xiao Zhiwen - - 2012
A cross-sectional survey was conducted to test an integrated model of condom use with a sample of 490 sexually active Chinese college students. A number of variables in the integrated model were predictors of condom use, explaining 33.4% of the variance in use. Partner communication was the strongest predictors (β ...
Yaroch Amy L - - 2012
Fruit and vegetable (F/V) intake assessment tools that are valid, reliable, brief, and easy to administer and code are vital to the field of public health nutrition. To evaluate three short F/V intake screeners (ie, a 2-item serving tool, a 2-item cup tool, and a 16-item F/V intake screener) among ...
Ascher Benjamin - - 2012
Abstract Introduction: A monocentre double-blind two parallel group clinical study was conducted to assess whether a new skincare regimen containing retinol, adenosine and hyaluronic acid, applied after the injection of botulinum toxin A to the glabellar area, provided a beneficial effect. Material and methods. Standardised photographs acquired using LifeViz cameras ...
Losito I - - 2012
A novel pathway for cytosine to uracil conversion performed in a micellar environment, leading to the generation of uridine monophosphate (UMP), was evidenced during the alkylation reaction of cytidine monophosphate (CMP) by dodecyl epoxide. Liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization - ion trap - mass spectrometry was used to separate and identify the ...
Vainrib A - - 2012
Women with pre-existing cardiomyopathies have limited cardiovascular reserve. The hemodynamic challenges of pregnancy, labor, and delivery pose unique risks to this group of patients, which can result in clinical decompensation with overt heart failure, arrhythmias, and rarely, maternal death. A multidisciplinary team approach and a controlled delivery are crucial to ...
Rino Neto José - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine whether image artifacts caused by orthodontic metal accessories interfere with the accuracy of 3D CBCT model superimposition. A human dry skull was subjected three times to a CBCT scan: at first without orthodontic brackets (T1), then with stainless steel brackets bonded without ...
Cheng Lei - - 2012
The classification of Carassius has not been well established due to its great variability and wide distribution. Usually, Carassius is identified as three species: C. carassius, C. cuvieri and C. auratus, the latter including several subspecies, such as goldfish. Out of these subspecies, C. auratus gibelio have recently been thought ...
Diack Abigail B - - 2012
Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) has been reported in 12 countries. We hypothesized that a common strain of agent is responsible for all vCJD cases, regardless of geographic origin. To test this hypothesis, we inoculated strain-typing panels of wild-type mice with brain material from human vCJD case-patients from France, the Netherlands, ...
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