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De Vecchis R - - 2012
Chronic hyponatremia is frequently found in some syndromes characterized by widespread edema coupled to impairment in arterial effective circulating volume, such as congestive chronic heart failure (CHF). In this setting, it is unclear whether the hyponatremia itself makes this condition worse or whether it represents a simply marker of decompensation. ...
Buckoreelall Kajal - - 2012
Antiretroviral therapy suppresses replication of HIV allowing restoration and/or preservation of the immune system. Providing combination antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy can treat maternal HIV infection and/or reduce perinatal HIV transmission. However, providing treatment to pregnant women is challenging due to physiological changes that can alter antiretroviral pharmacokinetics. Suboptimal drug exposure ...
Bloom Bradley S - - 2012
Abstract Background: A number of devices are available for skin rejuvenation and conventional devices include both ablative and non-ablative lasers. More recently, bipolar fractionated radiofrequency (RF) devices have been introduced. Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a novel 144 pin high density tip bipolar fractionated radiofrequency (RF) device ...
Picard Guillaume - - 2012
Absolute protein quantification, i.e. determining protein concentrations in biological samples, is essential to our understanding of biological and physiopathological phenomena. Protein quantification methods based on the use of antibodies are very effective and widely used. However, over the last ten years, absolute protein quantification by mass spectrometry has attracted considerable ...
Güder G - - 2012
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare disease of the heart muscle that affects women with previously unknown heart diseases during pregnancy or in the first months after delivery. Cardinal symptoms are dyspnoea and fluid retention. However, tachycardia, cardiogenic thromboembolism and other clinical signs of cardiac dysfunction may also herald this ...
Hawkins Robert J - - 2012
Surgery is typically performed using one or more types of anesthesia. An important patient outcome related to the anesthetic, and a measure of quality from the patient's perspective, is patient satisfaction with anesthesia care. Currently, no psychometrically validated instruments that measure patient satisfaction with general anesthesia care are available in ...
Surico N - - 2012
Medicine is a collection of science, technology and human values. Nowadays, the most modern paradigm of medicine is based on the combination of man's vulnerability and his need for healthcare, both in a technical-pharmacological sense, but more importantly, with regard to human relations. Of course, the solidarity perspective must represent ...
Cochico Sally G - - 2012
Allergies to certain foods such as soybeans and eggs contraindicate the use of propofol, a short-acting hypnotic medication used by many anesthesia care providers. Understanding the safe use and handling of propofol and communicating known patient allergies to all surgical team members is crucial to providing safe perioperative care. The ...
Parent Maxim - - 2012
A variety of methods are available for assessing diet; however, many are impractical for large research studies in an institutional environment. Technology, specifically digital imaging, can make diet estimations more feasible for research. Our goal was to compare a digital imaging method of estimating regular and modified-texture main plate food ...
Frye Victoria - - 2012
In the United States, racial disparities in HIV/AIDS are stark. Although African Americans comprise an estimated 14% of the U.S. population, they made up 52% of new HIV cases among adults and adolescents diagnosed in 2009. Heterosexual transmission is now the second leading cause of HIV in the United States. ...
Kong J Cw - - 2012
Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation is a rare entity in the paediatric population. However, it is being recognised with increasing frequency due to better diagnostic techniques. Neonates usually present with congestive heart failure, while in older infants and children it tends to manifest with seizures, hydrocephalus, intracerebral or subarachnoid haemorrhages. ...
He Bosai - - 2012
Suan-Zao-Ren (SZR) decoction, consisting of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen, Poria, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Anemarrhenae Rhizoma and Glycyrrhizae Radix Et Rhizoma, is a Traditional Chinese Medicine prescription, clinically used for the treatment of insomnia. The objective of this study was to develop a sensitive and reliable UFLC-MS/MS method for simultaneous quantitation of spinosin, ...
Kaluski E - - 2012
Fractional flow reserve (FFR) has become an extremely valuable tool for assessing the hemodynamic significance of intermediate coronary lesions. This manuscript delineates the current guidelines regarding the use of FFR and discusses emerging indications for the use of this diagnostic tool and how they compare with and complement non-invasive or ...
Scelza Miriam Zaccaro - - 2012
The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of different times of extraction on the cytotoxicity of six representatives of different root canal sealer groups-Real Seal SE, AH Plus, GuttaFlow, Sealapex, Roth 801, and ThermaSeal Plus-with human gingival fibroblasts. The materials were prepared according to manufacturers' specifications, and ...
Zhao Jie-Jun - - 2012
The ultrastructure of nymph mouthparts of the Chinese white wax scale (CWWS), Ericerus pela, consists internally of the crumena, tentorium, the stylet bundle, comprised of two mandibular stylets and two maxillary stylets, and the external clypeolabral shield, labium and sensilla. The mouthpart morphology and structures of the female nymphs are ...
Guang Hui-Juan - - 2012
Cathelicidins are a family of multi-functional antimicrobial peptides found in almost all types of vertebrates, where they play vital roles in the immune system. As they possess broad-spectrum antimicrobial properties, cathelicidins are not only strongly resistant to Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, fungi, and viruses, but they are also active against ...
Young C - - 2012
OBJECTIVES. To investigate the level of knowledge about emergency management of dental trauma among Hong Kong primary and secondary school teachers. DESIGN. Questionnaire survey. SETTING. A teachers' union that unites 90% of teachers in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS. Randomly selected primary and secondary school teachers. RESULTS. Only 32.8% of respondents correctly ...
Erdner Anette - - 2012
It is well known that people with severe mental illness often suffer from constant fatigue, insomnia, and somatic complaints that are too often overlooked. In addition, these persons die earlier in life than others in the population. The purpose of this study was to investigate patients' descriptions of activities and ...
Ding Jin-Qing - - 2012
On August 15, 2012, a local photographer recorded a new species, the White-tailed Lapwing (Vanellus leucurus) in the Dongfanghong Reservoir, 38Degrees Celsius26'N and 77Degrees Celsius07'E, altitude 1230 m, Yarkand County, in southern Xinjiang, China.
Chan R Hw - - 2012
OBJECTIVES. To evaluate attainment of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol goals among hypercholesterolaemic patients undergoing lipid-lowering drug treatment in Hong Kong and to identify potential determinants of treatment outcomes. DESIGN. Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING. A single site in Hong Kong, as part of the CEPHEUS Pan-Asian survey. PATIENTS. Subjects with hypercholesterolaemia aged ...
Krásný Lukáš - - 2012
We report substantial in-situ enrichment of phosphopeptides in peptide mixtures using titanium and zirconium dioxide-coated matrix assisted laser desorption-ionization (MALDI) plates prepared by recently reported ambient ion landing deposition technique. The technique was able to modify four common materials currently used for MALDI targets (stainless steel, aluminum, indium-tin oxide glass ...
Byrne R A - - 2012
An increasing body of evidence points to the existence of important differences in the processes of restenosis following drug-eluting stent (DES) as compared to bare metal stent implantation. Preclinical investigation and human autopsy studies have shown that the high efficacy of DES in comparison with bare metal stents in preventing ...
Zhang Jing - - 2012
In long-term evolution, wildlife in general and primates in particular have formed specific patterns of behavior to adapt to a diverse variety of habitat environments. Current research on positional behavior in non-human primates has been found to explain a great deal about primate adaptability diversification, ecology, anatomy and evolution. Here, ...
Dumais Alexandre - - 2012
This study seeks to evaluate the predictive validity of the French version of the Dynamic Appraisal of Situational Aggression (DASAfr) and psychiatric nurses' perceptions of the clinical usefulness of the scale. The study was conducted in a 12-bed psychiatric intensive care unit in a large adult general psychiatric hospital. We ...
Zhang Yi - - 2012
Exogenous addition of three factors-mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs)-has proven to be more beneficial than delivery of any single factor for fracture repair in animal models. We studied the osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs) in the presence of ...
Li Pei-Lu - - 2012
HIV-1 restriction factors have became one of the hottest fields of AIDS researches. In 2011, SAMHD1 was demonstrated to be a novel HIV-1 restriction factor, adding to a list of HIV-1 restriction factors that include APOBEC3G, TRIM5α and Tetherin. SAMHD1 is highly expressed in myeloid-lineage monocytes, such as macrophages and ...
Lau J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE. To assess the effect of a difference in nomenclature for psychiatric illness on perceptions of university students. DESIGN. Cross-sectional study. SETTING. Three local universities in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS. A total of 201 university students (undergraduates or postgraduates) were interviewed with a questionnaire. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. Score difference between the ...
Penn M S - - 2012
Stem cell based repair of the heart has captured the mind and imagination of cardiovascular specialists and the lay public. Significant progress has been made at the bench defining the mechanisms of action. This work has gone on further to demonstrate that there is an endogenous stem cell based repair ...
Yan Mao-Cang - - 2012
Nibea albiflora was immunized by intraperitoneal injection with either Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or outer membrane protein (OMP) extracted from Vibrio vulnificus or formalin killed Vibrio vulnificus (FKC). The influence of the three antigens on the immunological function of Nibea albiflora was determined at different time points following the injection by testing ...
Cantrell Matthew - - 2012
Varenicline represents a major advance in the treatment of nicotine addiction and has been shown to be safe and effective to promote abstinence. However, in a small number of patients, neuropsychiatric adverse events and worsening of underlying psychiatric conditions have been reported. As the veteran population has higher rates of ...
Rodrigues Stéfani Becker - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the physical properties of irreversible hydrocolloid materials poured immediately and after different storage periods. Four alginates were tested: Color Change (Cavex); Hydrogum (Zhermack); Hydrogum 5 (Zhermack); and Hydro Print Premium (Coltene). Their physical properties, including the recovery from deformation (n = 3), ...
Yang Gang - - 2012
We investigated the feeding sites of the Nonggang Babbler (Stachyris nonggangensis) during three time periods (July-September, 2010; November-December, 2010; January-February, 2011) in Nonggang National Nature Reserve, Guangxi, China with the line transect method and sampling method. Principal component analysis of the data identified that the feeding sites in the rainy ...
Zhang Zhenmei - - 2012
Recent research showed that mistreatment of nursing home residents by other residents may be highly prevalent. The present study examined the issue from family members' perspectives. The data came from the 2005 and 2007 random-digit dial telephone surveys of Michigan households with a family member in long-term care. Based on ...
de Lauzon-Guillain Blandine - - 2012
We reviewed tools developed to measure parental feeding practices and eating behavior and food intake or preferences of children aged 0 to 5 years. Two electronic literature databases (Medline and Psycinfo) were used to search for both observational and experimental studies in human beings. The articles selected for review were ...
Tepavcevic Brankica - - 2012
Abstract Introduction: Telangiectasias represent an esthetic problem. Sclerotherapy, laser and radiowave coagulation are established methods of treatment. The aim of the treatment is a cosmetic improvement in the leg appearance. Aim: To define which method provides best results in lower extremity telangiectasias treatment and also to determine which method is ...
Houston L - - 2012
Pregnancy in a patient with Marfan syndrome may pose significant maternal and fetal risks, and pregnancy outcome is most impacted by the extent of cardiovascular involvement present at conception. This review addresses principles to guide preconception counseling of a Marfan patient, in addition to antepartum and intrapartum management considerations. Multidisciplinary ...
Batista Marília Jesus - - 2012
Tooth loss continues to be a prevalent condition in Brazilian adults and elderly individuals. The aim of this cross-sectional study, conducted among workers in a wholesale grocery chain in the State of São Paulo, was to identify risk indicators for tooth loss in adults. The presence of caries and periodontal ...
Duan Qiong - - 2012
Black and red are the most common colors of fruit, but the reason behind this has been subject to debate. Food preferences of avian frugivores for certain colors of food have been proposed as a selection mechanism that explains these traits, but there is little evidence supporting this hypothesis. Here, ...
Castle Nicholas G - - 2012
Information on the scale and scope of resident-to-resident abuse, including verbal, physical, material, psychological, and sexual abuse, is presented. Nursing homes (n = 249) from ten states were used, with a total of 4,451 nurse aides in these facilities returning the questionnaire. Most nursing homes experienced verbal, physical, material, and ...
Zhou Weiwei - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that participate in the spatiotemporal regulation of messenger RNA and protein synthesis. Aberrant miRNA expression leads to developmental abnormalities and diseases. The miR-135a is considered to be oncogenic; however, the functions and mechanisms of miR-135a in colorectal cancer (CRC) are largely unknown. Thus, we ...
Subbaraman Lakshman N - - 2012
PURPOSE.: To determine the relationship between clinical signs and symptoms and protein deposition over 8 h of wear of etafilcon A lenses in symptomatic and asymptomatic contact lens wearers. METHODS.: Thirty adapted soft contact lens wearers (16 symptomatic and 14 asymptomatic) were fitted with etafilcon A lenses. In vivo wettability, ...
Piovesan Chaiana - - 2012
The aim of this paper was to assess the epidemiology of traumatic dental injury (TDI) in preschool children and its relation to socioeconomic and clinical factors. This study was carried out in Santa Maria, Brazil, during National Children's Vaccination Day, and 441 children aged 12 to 59 months were included. ...
Chao Yan - - 2012
Myostatin (MSTN) is a member of the TGF-β superfamily that acts as a negative regulator of skeletal muscle growth. A full-length, 2 180 bp, cDNA sequence of the myostatin gene from Schizopygopisis pylzovi was cloned with RT-PCR,5'-RACE and 3'-RACE and the cDNA clone included a 1 128 bp ORF, encoding ...
Zhang Fu-Xiang - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to establish a parabiotic mice model and assess the physiological changes of the mice under the parabiotic state. Thirteen pairs of isogenic partners were studied. The model was created by preparing a bridge of skin and subcutaneous tissues between the two mice starting distal ...
Bekhet Abir K - - 2012
Worldwide, caregivers find caring for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) challenging. Family members must manage many aspects of care giving, which is demanding, overwhelming, and can affect the family members' mental health. However learning how to be resilient may help family members overcome the stress and burden associated with ...
Shi Yu-Hong - - 2012
The warm temperature acclimation related 65 kDa protein-2 (Wap65-2), a teleost plasma glycoprotein, plays an important role in immune regulation against bacterial infection. Here, for the first time we determined the full length cDNA sequence of the Japanese sea bass Wap65-2 gene (1 601 bp in length excluding the 3'-polyA ...
Blanchard Joan C - - 2012
Cross contamination of paper forms used in health care facilities Key words: inoculate, cross contamination, paper forms. Manual cleaning of flexible endoscopes Key words: flexible endoscope, endoscope washers, manual cleaning, reprocessor, endoscope reprocessor, automatic endoscope reprocessor. Achieving a comfortable fit when double gloving Key words: double gloving, comfort, glove fit.
Halem Monica - - 2012
Skin lesions are extremely common, and early detection of dangerous lesions makes skin cancer one of the most highly curable malignancies. By simply becoming aware of common lesions and their phenotypic presentation, dental professionals are empowered to detect suspicious dermatologic lesions in unaware patients. This article serves as an introduction ...
Smith Dawn K - - 2012
We elicited attitudes about, and service access preferences for, daily oral antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) from urban, African-American young men and women, ages 18-24 years, at risk for HIV transmission through their sexual and drug-related behaviors participating in eight mixed-gender and two MSM-only focus groups in Atlanta, Georgia. Participants reported ...
Tsang K Y - - 2012
We report the second imported case of New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM-1) Enterobacteriaceae encountered in Hong Kong soon after the patient's arrival in the territory for medical care. As NDM-1 is spreading throughout the world via international travel, being an international city, Hong Kong was always expected to encounter the same ...
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