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Duan Qiong - - 2012
Black and red are the most common colors of fruit, but the reason behind this has been subject to debate. Food preferences of avian frugivores for certain colors of food have been proposed as a selection mechanism that explains these traits, but there is little evidence supporting this hypothesis. Here, ...
Castle Nicholas G - - 2012
Information on the scale and scope of resident-to-resident abuse, including verbal, physical, material, psychological, and sexual abuse, is presented. Nursing homes (n = 249) from ten states were used, with a total of 4,451 nurse aides in these facilities returning the questionnaire. Most nursing homes experienced verbal, physical, material, and ...
Jeka Sławomir - - 2012
Secondary amyloidosis is a frequently reported complication of rheumatoid arthritis. Currently, accepted diagnostic protocols for secondary amyloidosis involve histopathological and histochemical examinations of collected tissue specimens. The purpose of the current report was to evaluate the value of fluorescence spectroscopy as a supplementary tool in the diagnosis of secondary amyloidosis. ...
Gilbert Erin W EW Department of General Surgery, Division of Bariatric Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Ore. 97239, - - 2012
Obesity, defined as a body mass index (weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters) greater than 30, has been increasing in incidence over the past 20 years. The treatment of obesity has evolved in concert with this growing obesity epidemic. Bariatric surgery is the only intervention ...
Liu X L - - 2012
Reflux of gastric contents is common in young infants but usually self-limiting and not pathological. Gastroesophageal reflux disease refers to persistent reflux due to pathological factors that results in significant symptoms. Patients may exhibit oesophagitis, bleeding, nutritional failure, or respiratory problems. A high index of suspicion must thus be maintained ...
Park Sung-Gun - - 2012
We have demonstrated an on-line laser ablation sampling system and coupling of the system to liquid chromatography (LC) using an infrared (IR) laser to ablate and transfer materials into a flowing solvent stream. With this approach, samples are deposited on a microscope slide mounted on a translation stage and ablated ...
De Vecchis R - - 2012
Chronic hyponatremia is frequently found in some syndromes characterized by widespread edema coupled to impairment in arterial effective circulating volume, such as congestive chronic heart failure (CHF). In this setting, it is unclear whether the hyponatremia itself makes this condition worse or whether it represents a simply marker of decompensation. ...
Wang Feijuan - - 2012
Phytochelatin synthase (PCS) (EC 2.3.2.15) catalyzes the final step of phytochelatins (PCs) biosynthesis. PCs are a family of cysteine-rich thiol-reactive and heavy metal-binding peptides that play an important role in sequestration and detoxification of heavy metals in plants. Previous studies have indicated that plants that overexpressed PCS displayed contrasting phenotypes, ...
Marchi Evaldo - - 2012
Background. The mechanisms underlying pleural inflammation and pleurodesis are poorly understood. We hypothesized that the cytokines transforming growth factor β (TGFβ1) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) play a major role in pleurodesis after intrapleural silver nitrate (SN) injection. Method. Forty rabbits received intrapleurally 0.5% SN alone or 0.5% SN ...
Touza Carmen - - 2012
This article presents the results of a study carried out to determine the psychometric properties of an instrument designed for use by social services professionals to detect domestic abuse and self-negligent behavior in elderly persons. After giving a description of the features of the instrument and the design of the ...
Kałużny Jakub J - - 2012
The purpose of the study is an analysis of intrascleral drainage vessels formed in rabbits' eyes after non-penetrating deep sclerectomy (NPDS) with absorbable and non-absorbable implants, and comparison to eyes in which surgery was performed without implanted material. NPDS was carried out in 12 rabbits, with implantation of non-absorbable methacrylic ...
Aboudib Jose Horacio JH Plastic Surgery Service, University of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2012
Silicone implants have been used for gluteal augmentation for the past 40 years. Several techniques have been described for cosmetic purposes, but many plastic surgeons do not feel that performing the operation is safe. In this article, a technique is described to reduce the complication rate, improve the final results, ...
Buckoreelall Kajal - - 2012
Antiretroviral therapy suppresses replication of HIV allowing restoration and/or preservation of the immune system. Providing combination antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy can treat maternal HIV infection and/or reduce perinatal HIV transmission. However, providing treatment to pregnant women is challenging due to physiological changes that can alter antiretroviral pharmacokinetics. Suboptimal drug exposure ...
Drexler Jan Felix - - 2012
Nonparenteral transmission might contribute to human parvovirus 4 (PARV4) infections in sub-Saharan Africa. PARV4 DNA was detected in 8 (0.83%) of 961 nasal samples and 5 (0.53%) of 943 fecal samples from 1,904 children in Ghana. Virus concentrations ≤ 6-7 log(10) copies/mL suggest respiratory or fecal-oral modes of PARV4 transmission.
Hardwicke Joseph T JT Department of Plastic Surgery, University Hospitals of Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Evidence of the benefit of dilute epinephrine infiltration before reduction mammaplasty is provided by several controlled trials. Despite variation in operative technique and data collection, a reduction in intraoperative blood loss has been shown. The aim of this review of the literature is to weigh the available evidence with respect ...
Ding Jin-Qing - - 2012
On August 15, 2012, a local photographer recorded a new species, the White-tailed Lapwing (Vanellus leucurus) in the Dongfanghong Reservoir, 38Degrees Celsius26'N and 77Degrees Celsius07'E, altitude 1230 m, Yarkand County, in southern Xinjiang, China.
Tichenor Wellington S - - 2012
Symptoms of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) often persist despite treatment. Because nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are resistant to commonly used antimicrobial drugs and are found in drinking water that patients may use for sinus irrigation, we investigated whether some CRS patients were infected with NTM in New York, New York, USA, during ...
Chan R Hw - - 2012
OBJECTIVES. To evaluate attainment of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol goals among hypercholesterolaemic patients undergoing lipid-lowering drug treatment in Hong Kong and to identify potential determinants of treatment outcomes. DESIGN. Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING. A single site in Hong Kong, as part of the CEPHEUS Pan-Asian survey. PATIENTS. Subjects with hypercholesterolaemia aged ...
Krásný Lukáš - - 2012
We report substantial in-situ enrichment of phosphopeptides in peptide mixtures using titanium and zirconium dioxide-coated matrix assisted laser desorption-ionization (MALDI) plates prepared by recently reported ambient ion landing deposition technique. The technique was able to modify four common materials currently used for MALDI targets (stainless steel, aluminum, indium-tin oxide glass ...
Byrne R A - - 2012
An increasing body of evidence points to the existence of important differences in the processes of restenosis following drug-eluting stent (DES) as compared to bare metal stent implantation. Preclinical investigation and human autopsy studies have shown that the high efficacy of DES in comparison with bare metal stents in preventing ...
Adams William P WP Jr University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA. - - 2012
After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Cite the key concepts in the process of breast augmentation that optimize outcomes; 2. Cite key components of tissue-based planning for implant selection; 3. Discuss complications and risks of breast augmentation. Breast augmentation remains one of the top surgical ...
Ye Jianbin - - 2012
Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis, and Enterocytozoon bieneusi were detected in 45, 35, and 116 of 411 free-range rhesus monkeys, respectively, in a popular public park in the People's Republic of China. Most genotypes and subtypes detected were anthroponotic, indicating these animals might be reservoirs for human cryptosporidiosis, giardiasis, and microsporidiosis.
de Lauzon-Guillain Blandine - - 2012
We reviewed tools developed to measure parental feeding practices and eating behavior and food intake or preferences of children aged 0 to 5 years. Two electronic literature databases (Medline and Psycinfo) were used to search for both observational and experimental studies in human beings. The articles selected for review were ...
Tepavcevic Brankica - - 2012
Abstract Introduction: Telangiectasias represent an esthetic problem. Sclerotherapy, laser and radiowave coagulation are established methods of treatment. The aim of the treatment is a cosmetic improvement in the leg appearance. Aim: To define which method provides best results in lower extremity telangiectasias treatment and also to determine which method is ...
Houston L - - 2012
Pregnancy in a patient with Marfan syndrome may pose significant maternal and fetal risks, and pregnancy outcome is most impacted by the extent of cardiovascular involvement present at conception. This review addresses principles to guide preconception counseling of a Marfan patient, in addition to antepartum and intrapartum management considerations. Multidisciplinary ...
Wu Yun-Mei - - 2012
Mermithidae, as an important natural predator of pests such as Bollworm, has great potential for natural biological control of invasive pests. Unfortunately, the in vitro culture of the nematode has not yet been successful, delaying the commercial application of this pest control method. The key reason for this failure is ...
Nyamathi Adeline A University of California-Los Angeles, School of Nursing, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA. - - 2012
Homeless gay and bisexual (G/B) men are at risk for suicide attempts and have high risk of depressed mood, defined as elevated level of depressive symptoms. This study describes baseline socio-demographic, cognitive, psychosocial, and health- and drug-related correlates of depressed mood in 267 stimulant-using homeless G/B young men who entered ...
Hermanowicz Adam - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the expression of estrogen receptors alpha and beta in paratesticular tissues in a group of boys with and without cryptorchidism, and evaluation of karyotypes, localization, morphology and the major length of the undescended testes. Fifty boys (1-4 years old) with unilateral cryptorchidism ...
Morton Paula J - - 2012
This article focuses on the equipment and workplace safety aspects of the revised AORN "Recommended practices for minimally invasive surgery." A multidisciplinary team that includes the perioperative nurse should be established to discuss aspects of the development and design of new construction or renovation (eg, room access, ergonomics, low-lighting, OR ...
Mease Luke E - - 2012
Bites from Macaca mulatta monkeys, native to Afghanistan, can cause serious infections. To determine risk for US military members in Afghanistan, we reviewed records for September-December 2011. Among 126 animal bites and exposures, 10 were monkey bites. Command emphasis is vital for preventing monkey bites; provider training and bite reporting ...
Wang Ying - - 2012
Dietary total antioxidant capacity (TAC), based on the cumulative antioxidant activities of all the antioxidants present in food, has been shown to be inversely associated with risks of chronic diseases. However, dietary TAC has not been validated for its relevance in a healthy young population or for reliability and predictability ...
Li Xiangqi - - 2012
Lipocalins are a structurally conserved and diversely functional family of proteins that are of potential importance in epididymis functions. The rat Lcn9 gene was cloned by in silico methods and genome walking based on homology to the rhesus monkey epididymal ESC513 and its polyclonal antisera were prepared. The rat Lcn9 ...
Lee Hee Yun - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to explore the cultural definitions of financial abuse from the perspective of 124 elderly Korean immigrants and to examine the role of traditional cultural values in their definitions by using a mixed methods approach. The qualitative analysis generated four themes relevant to definition of ...
Wang Baocan - - 2012
There is a great need for developing novel therapies to treat liver fibrosis. Previous studies showed that both Smad7 and uPA were inhibitors of liver fibrosis. Therefore, we explored the therapeutic effects of combinational gene therapy with Smad7 and uPA on CCl4-induced liver fibrosis. Smad7 and uPA genes were cloned ...
Rohrich Rod J RJ Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390-9132, USA. - - 2012
The columellar strut cartilage graft has historically been assumed to be a technique that increases tip projection. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively analyze a series of 100 consecutive rhinoplasty cases by the senior author (R.J.R.) with a specific focus directed toward the effect of the columellar strut ...
Hisgen Stephanie - - 2012
Abstract Hospitals providing maternity care influence breastfeeding mothers and infants during the critical, early postnatal period. Despite concerted public health efforts, there are persistent, large variations across New York State (NYS) hospitals in breastfeeding policies, maternity care, and infant feeding practices and in rates of breastfeeding initiation and exclusivity. An ...
Liang Zhen - - 2012
The middle temporal area (MT/V5) plays an important role in motion processing. Neurons in this area have a strongly selective response to the moving direction of objects and as such, the selectivity of MT neurons was proposed to be a neural mechanism for the perception of motion. Our previous studies ...
Hamer Sarah A - - 2012
Bird-facilitated introduction of ticks and associated pathogens is postulated to promote invasion of tick-borne zoonotic diseases into urban areas. Results of a longitudinal study conducted in suburban Chicago, Illinois, USA, during 2005-2010 show that 1.6% of 6,180 wild birds captured in mist nets harbored ticks. Tick species in order of ...
Hemingway Steve - - 2012
Medicine administration is a high risk activity that most nurses undertake frequently. In this paper, the views of registered mental health nurses and final year student nurses are evaluated about the usefulness of the Medicines with Respect Assessment of the Administration of Medicines Competency Framework. A questionnaire using 22 items ...
Langwińska-Wośko Ewa - - 2012
Devic's disease, also known as neuromyelinitis optica (NMO), is a severe, rare demyelinating disorder, previously considered to be a form of multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of this study was to present the case report of 21-year-old woman with a very early diagnosis of Devic's disease, established following electrophysiological testing. ...
Oni Georgette G Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, - - 2012
The use of knotless barbed sutures has shortened operation times for wound closure. In experimental models, their use in tendon surgery is still under investigation. This study looks at the use of barbed sutures in a porcine model for fascial repair when compared with traditional absorbable suture to further extend ...
Feldman Matthew - - 2012
This study examined the prevalence and correlates of completing the HIV testing process-specifically receiving a confirmatory HIV test and returning for the results-in a sample of newly diagnosed HIV-positive individuals at an HIV testing center in New York City. Of the 213 individuals who received a reactive rapid HIV test ...
Meireles Marion Schneider - - 2012
Nutritional risk and malnutrition are highly prevalent among hospitalized patients. As a result, several methods have been developed to produce an adequate nutritional diagnosis. We aimed to assess the relationship between nutritional risk tools and parameters derived from bioelectrical impedance analysis with a Subjective Global Assessment (SGA). A cross-sectional study ...
Shin Jung U JU Department of Dermatology, Severance Hospital, Cutaneous Biology Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2012
A number of lasers and light-based devices have been reported as promising treatment options for acne vulgaris. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fractional microneedle radiofrequency (MRF) device treatment compared to CO(2) fractional laser system (FS) for the treatment of acne vulgaris. Twenty healthy subjects underwent full-face treatment for ...
Bush David R - - 2012
It has been demonstrated that argininolysis and uricolysis are involved in the synthesis and excretion of urea in Aedes aegypti female mosquitoes. To further investigate the metabolic regulation of urea in female mosquitoes, it is desirable to have a rapid and efficient method to monitor arginine (Arg) concentration in mosquito ...
Votino C - - 2012
The detailed study of the fetal cardiac anatomy in the first trimester of pregnancy by means of ultrasound is feasible whether using a transvaginal or a transabdominal approach. There is nowadays enough evidence that ultrasound in the first trimester of pregnancy is a safe procedure provided thermal and mechanical indices ...
McCall Joshua D - - 2012
Methods to precisely control growth factor presentation in a local and sustained fashion are of increasing interest for a number of complex tissue engineering applications. The cytokine transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) plays a key role in promoting the chondrogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Traditional chondrogenic approaches ...
Zhang Yi - - 2012
Exogenous addition of three factors-mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs)-has proven to be more beneficial than delivery of any single factor for fracture repair in animal models. We studied the osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs) in the presence of ...
Russell Stefanie L - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to establish the feasibility and utility of screening for elder mistreatment in a dental clinic population. We approached older adults in a busy dental clinic and enrolled 139 persons over the age of 65 who completed an Audio Computer Assisted Self Interview (ACASI), which ...
Banasiewicz Tomasz - - 2012
Pouchitis appears to be the most common complication after restorative proctocolectomy. In experimental models we investigated the correlation between the width of anastomosis and the frequency of pouchitis. Twenty-three Wistar rats underwent restorative proctocolectomy under pentobarbital anesthesia. Normal width anastomosis was performed in 11 animals (Group I). In the remaining ...
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