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Fowles Eileen R - - 2012
Maternal diet quality influences birth outcomes. Yet, little research exists that assesses women's diet quality during the first trimester of pregnancy, a crucial time of placental and fetal development. This cross-sectional study, describing diet quality and its relationship with stress, depression, social support, and eating habits in the first trimester, ...
Surico N - - 2012
Medicine is a collection of science, technology and human values. Nowadays, the most modern paradigm of medicine is based on the combination of man's vulnerability and his need for healthcare, both in a technical-pharmacological sense, but more importantly, with regard to human relations. Of course, the solidarity perspective must represent ...
Seth Akhil K AK Division of Plastic Surgery, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Ill. 60611, - - 2012
The role of acellular dermis in immediate prosthetic breast reconstruction remains unclear, particularly within a radiated field. The authors evaluated and compare outcomes following reconstruction with and without acellular dermis, and analyzed patients exposed to radiation therapy. Retrospective review of 417 consecutive patients (592 breasts) treated from January of 2006 ...
Davey-Rothwell Melissa A - - 2012
We examined the relationship between sources of income and sex behaviors among a sample of low-income, sexually active women in Baltimore, MD (n = 517). Data were collected through interviews administered by a trained interviewer and audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (ACASI). The study assessed four categories of income: government payments, money ...
Nakano Tomomi - - 2012
In 2008 in Japan, 15/60 captive Japanese macaques died. Clostridium tetani was isolated from 1 monkey, and 11 had tetanus-specific symptoms. We conclude the outbreak resulted from severe environmental C. tetani contamination. Similar outbreaks could be prevented by vaccinating all monkeys, disinfecting housing areas/play equipment, replacing highly C. tetani-contaminated soil, ...
Salkade P R - - 2012
The presence of an acutely inflamed vermiform appendix in a femoral hernia sac is extremely rare; the condition is termed De Garengeot's hernia. Here we describe an elderly patient for whom preoperative computed tomography aided the diagnosis of this rare entity. This Chinese woman had presented with a painful right ...
Drabik A - - 2012
Our goal was to compare two popular analytical techniques used nowadays in proteomic investigations for proteins/peptides sequencing and identification, a widely used nanoLC-MS/MS approach applied in the bottom-up proteomics and electron transfer dissociation/proton transfer reaction fragmentation preferably used when top-down strategy is applied. Comparison was carried out with the aid ...
Pradhan A D - - 2012
Pregnancy and the need for cardiac catheterization poises a unique challenge that requires the balance of risk and benefit both to the mother and the fetus. Fortunately, the need for radiological invasive procedures for cardiac diagnosis has been markedly reduced with the widespread growth in imaging technology using non-ionizing energies ...
Hagen Ferry - - 2012
Until recently, Cryptococcus gattii infections occurred mainly in tropical and subtropical climate zones. However, during the past decade, C. gattii infections in humans and animals in Europe have increased. To determine whether the infections in Europe were acquired from an autochthonous source or associated with travel, we used multilocus sequence ...
Chan O Sh - - 2012
OBJECTIVE. To evaluate the clinical outcome and safety of stereotactic ablative radiotherapy for medically inoperable stage I non-small-cell lung carcinoma. DESIGN. Retrospective case series. SETTING. Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital, Hong Kong. PATIENTS. All patients with medically inoperable stage I non-small-cell lung carcinoma receiving stereotactic ablative radiotherapy since its establishment ...
Yu Qing - - 2012
For identification of ginsenoside enantiomers, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) was used to generate silver complexes of the type [ginsenoside + Ag](+) . Collision induced dissociation of the silver-ginsenoside complexes produced fragment ions by dehydration, allowing differentiation of ginsenoside enantiomers by the intensity of [M + Ag - H(2) O](+) ion. In the meanwhile, an approach ...
Briguori C - - 2012
Drug-coated balloon (DCB) technology has emerged as a promising therapy particularly in the treatment of coronary in-stent restenosis. Although a variety of devices are available for clinical use, clinical outcomes have been variable and scope for significant improvement exists. In a preclinical study, a total of 10 juvenile healthy farm ...
Jiang Yideng - - 2012
Atherosclerosis (AS) is a disease induced by multiple factors, including genetic and environmental elements. The aim of the present study is to investigate the comprehensive effects of high cholesterol, high methionine diet, and apolipoprotein E deficiency (ApoE(-/-)) on the pathogenesis of AS. ApoE(-/-) mice were fed with high cholesterol and ...
Yaffe Mark J - - 2012
This study explored the feasibility of seniors aged 65 and over with MMSE ≥24 completing the EASI-sa, a self-administrable version of the Elder Abuse Suspicion Index (EASI). A convenience sample of 210 was stratified by age, sex, and language (English and French). All completed the EASI-sa within an estimated 5 ...
Jawien Jacek - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the 3 different substances that can decrease the development of atherosclerosis--nebivolol, AVE 0991 and doxycycline--could at the same time diminish the level of inflammatory indicators interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-12 (IL-12), serum amyloid A (SAA), and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1). Forty 8-week-old female ...
Kim Hak Su HS Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, SM Christianity Hospital, Pohang, South Korea. - - 2012
There are many approaches to the medial orbital wall. However, most of them have problems with limitation of exposure, scarring, and postoperative inflammatory symptoms related to the eye. The authors used an upper eyelid crease approach to overcome these problems and investigate the usefulness of this approach. Between 2009 and ...
Albert David - - 2012
Evidence-based tobacco-cessation guidelines when used by clinicians are effective in reducing tobacco use and obtaining successful quits by patients. Dentists have been encouraged to provide instruction and intervention on tobacco cessation in the dental office. The dental provider is in the unique position to relate oral findings to the patient ...
Morrissey Jeremiah J - - 2012
Tacrolimus (FK-506) controls organ rejection; however, arteriolar hyalinosis is a frequent complication. By use of mice lacking FK-506-binding protein-12 in endothelial cells, Chiasson and co-workers explored the contribution of endothelial cells and the transforming growth factor-β pathway to define mechanisms of hyalinosis. Absence of this binding protein removed a tonic ...
Hamed Saher S Skin Research Laboratory, Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel. - - 2012
Bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells are required for vascularization of a fat graft to form a functional microvasculature within the graft and to facilitate its integration into the surrounding tissues. Organ transplantation carries a high risk of graft loss and rejection in patients with diabetes mellitus because endothelial progenitor cell ...
Blanchard Joan C - - 2012
Cross contamination of paper forms used in health care facilities Key words: inoculate, cross contamination, paper forms. Manual cleaning of flexible endoscopes Key words: flexible endoscope, endoscope washers, manual cleaning, reprocessor, endoscope reprocessor, automatic endoscope reprocessor. Achieving a comfortable fit when double gloving Key words: double gloving, comfort, glove fit.
Halem Monica - - 2012
Skin lesions are extremely common, and early detection of dangerous lesions makes skin cancer one of the most highly curable malignancies. By simply becoming aware of common lesions and their phenotypic presentation, dental professionals are empowered to detect suspicious dermatologic lesions in unaware patients. This article serves as an introduction ...
Richter Dirk D Dreifaltigkeits-Hospital, Wesseling, - - 2012
A novel topical skin adhesive system was developed to close the outermost layer of skin in an expeditious manner. To determine its clinical utility, a clinical investigation was undertaken to demonstrate equivalence of a new adhesive skin closure system (Prineo Skin Closure System) to intradermal sutures in wound closure. The ...
Chen Lilia - - 2012
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health received a health hazard evaluation request from West Virginia University Hospital, Morgantown, to evaluate noise exposures from surgical instruments in the OR. Four surgical technologists, four RNs, and one surgeon wore noise dosimeters to measure full-shift personal noise exposures during two days ...
Khadzhynov Dmytro - - 2012
Aliskiren represents a novel class of orally active renin inhibitors. This study analyses the pharmacokinetics, tolerability and safety of single-dose aliskiren inpatients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing haemodialysis. Six ESRD patients and six matched healthy volunteers were enrolled in an open-label, parallel-group, single-sequence study. The ESRD patients underwent two ...
Huemer George M GM Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Marienhospital Stuttgart, Stuttgart, - - 2012
Poland syndrome is a complex chest wall deformity with unilateral hypoplasia of the breast and pectoralis muscle, with a missing anterior axillary fold in its most common form. The authors report their combined experience and technique with the transverse myocutaneous gracilis flap to reconstruct the chest wall and breast either ...
Mannino Gaia Chiara - - 2012
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is characterized by insulin resistance, abnormally elevated hepatic glucose production, and reduced glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Treatment with antihyperglycemic agents is initially successful in type 2 diabetes, but it is often associated with a high secondary failure rate, and the addition of insulin is eventually necessary ...
Yan Mao-Cang - - 2012
Nibea albiflora was immunized by intraperitoneal injection with either Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or outer membrane protein (OMP) extracted from Vibrio vulnificus or formalin killed Vibrio vulnificus (FKC). The influence of the three antigens on the immunological function of Nibea albiflora was determined at different time points following the injection by testing ...
Karlsson Erik A - - 2012
To determine whether nonhuman primates are infected with influenza viruses in nature, we conducted serologic and swab studies among macaques from several parts of the world. Our detection of influenza virus and antibodies to influenza virus raises questions about the role of nonhuman primates in the ecology of influenza.
Cantrell Matthew - - 2012
Varenicline represents a major advance in the treatment of nicotine addiction and has been shown to be safe and effective to promote abstinence. However, in a small number of patients, neuropsychiatric adverse events and worsening of underlying psychiatric conditions have been reported. As the veteran population has higher rates of ...
Wojewoda Karolina - - 2012
Dermatitis artefacta (DA) is a dermatologicopsychiatric illness that is a conscious self-infliction of lesions to accessible regions of the body. The lesions usually do not resemble those of any know skin disease and there are no specific diagnostic tests to recognize them. This makes dermatitis artefacta a very slow, challenging ...
Garvey Patrick B PB Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. - - 2012
In designing an osteocutaneous fibula flap, poor planning, aberrant anatomy, or inadequate perforators may necessitate modification of the flap design, exploration of the contralateral leg, or additional flap harvest. The authors studied the predictive power of computed tomographic angiography in osteocutaneous fibula flap planning and execution. The authors studied a ...
Guang Hui-Juan - - 2012
Cathelicidins are a family of multi-functional antimicrobial peptides found in almost all types of vertebrates, where they play vital roles in the immune system. As they possess broad-spectrum antimicrobial properties, cathelicidins are not only strongly resistant to Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, fungi, and viruses, but they are also active against ...
Siebrasse Erica A - - 2012
Immunocompromised patients are at risk for disease caused by infection by some polyomaviruses. To define the prevalence of polyomaviruses in children undergoing transplantation, we collected samples from a longitudinal cohort and tested for the 9 known human polyomaviruses. All were detected; several were present in previously unreported specimen types.
Young C - - 2012
OBJECTIVES. To investigate the level of knowledge about emergency management of dental trauma among Hong Kong primary and secondary school teachers. DESIGN. Questionnaire survey. SETTING. A teachers' union that unites 90% of teachers in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS. Randomly selected primary and secondary school teachers. RESULTS. Only 32.8% of respondents correctly ...
Erdner Anette - - 2012
It is well known that people with severe mental illness often suffer from constant fatigue, insomnia, and somatic complaints that are too often overlooked. In addition, these persons die earlier in life than others in the population. The purpose of this study was to investigate patients' descriptions of activities and ...
Sahin Tayfun - - 2012
The left ventricular filling pattern may show changes during respiration, which are generally used in the diagnosis of diastolic dysfunction. The clinical importance of the respiratory E/A wave pattern change has been investigated in a limited number of studies. The aim of the present study was to assess the diastolic ...
Bain James R JR Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, the School of Rehabilitation Science, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2012
Residual size discrepancy between the affected and unaffected limbs is a distinct but not well-understood consequence of an obstetrical brachial plexus injury. This study aimed to document the extent of limb length differences in children with obstetrical brachial plexus injury compared with typically developing children. The effects of age, growth ...
Delva J C - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess short- and mid-term results of in-situ revascularisation (ISR) using silver-coated Dacron prostheses and bowel repair for management of secondary aorto-enteric fistulae (SAEF). Single-centre retrospective chart review. This study includes all the patients treated by ISR using silver-coated Dacron for SAEF between 2006 ...
Janis Jeffrey E JE Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75309-9132, USA. - - 2012
Components separation is a widely used technique for defect size reduction in abdominal wall reconstruction, and ultimately helps achieve gold standard primary fascial reapproximation in many cases. Even with perforator-sparing techniques, oftentimes there are undermined skin flaps to varying degrees that can lead to complications such as seromas. In this ...
Richter Shannon L - - 2012
Increased attention has been directed toward the school food environment because children consume important contributions toward their daily food intake while at school. In Canada, most elementary school students bring a lunch to school and there are minimal data on the composition and consumption of these lunches. Dietary assessment of ...
Boneti C - - 2012
Axillary reverse mapping (ARM) is unproven in preventing lymphedema. The purpose of this study is to evaluate lymphedema rates with ARM added to lymphadenectomy. In this IRB approved study, 156 cases of SLNB/ALND from May 2007 to March 2010 were prospectively accrued to the study. Patients with an increase in ...
Holloway Ian W - - 2012
African-American young men who have sex with men and transgender persons are at elevated risk for HIV infection. House and Ball communities, networks of mostly African-American gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals who compete in modeling and dance, represent a prime venue for HIV prevention with these difficult-to-reach populations; however, little ...
Bloom Bradley S - - 2012
Abstract Background: A number of devices are available for skin rejuvenation and conventional devices include both ablative and non-ablative lasers. More recently, bipolar fractionated radiofrequency (RF) devices have been introduced. Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a novel 144 pin high density tip bipolar fractionated radiofrequency (RF) device ...
Picard Guillaume - - 2012
Absolute protein quantification, i.e. determining protein concentrations in biological samples, is essential to our understanding of biological and physiopathological phenomena. Protein quantification methods based on the use of antibodies are very effective and widely used. However, over the last ten years, absolute protein quantification by mass spectrometry has attracted considerable ...
Güder G - - 2012
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare disease of the heart muscle that affects women with previously unknown heart diseases during pregnancy or in the first months after delivery. Cardinal symptoms are dyspnoea and fluid retention. However, tachycardia, cardiogenic thromboembolism and other clinical signs of cardiac dysfunction may also herald this ...
Tian Fang - - 2012
Although constitutive activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) signaling pathway has been reported in multiple different human tumors, the role of NF-κB pathway in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains ill-defined. Abundant sources have provided interesting insights into the multiple mechanisms by which curcumin may mediate chemotherapy and chemopreventive effects on ...
Chen Xiao-Wu - - 2012
There are only few reports about the use of bone marrow stromal stem cells (BMSCs) for the treatment of traumatic liver injury. This study aimed to study the therapeutic effect of fluorescence-labeled BMSCs administered to rats subject to traumatic liver injury. Male SD rats with a 70% resection of the ...
Cole Nerida - - 2012
PURPOSE.: We sought to determine whether human corneal limbal epithelial cells (HCLE) differ in their physiological response and production of inflammatory mediators during exposure to two multipurpose disinfecting solutions that differ in only four excipients. METHODS.: HCLE were exposed to dilutions (1%-20%) of OPTI-FREE Express and OPTI-FREE RepleniSH for 2, ...
van der Vlugt Joris J B JJ Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Sophia Children's Hospital/Erasmus Medical University Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2012
The main objective of the present study was to assess the prevalence rates of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, and features of autism spectrum disorders in trigonocephalic patients, using validated instruments and by ruling out the confounding influence of IQ. The second aim was to assess ...
Batista Marília Jesus - - 2012
Tooth loss continues to be a prevalent condition in Brazilian adults and elderly individuals. The aim of this cross-sectional study, conducted among workers in a wholesale grocery chain in the State of São Paulo, was to identify risk indicators for tooth loss in adults. The presence of caries and periodontal ...
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