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Jeffe Donna B - - 2012
To determine whether postsecondary research experiences (in college, medical school, and residency) and other variables mediate racial/ethnic disparities in U.S. medical school graduates' full-time faculty appointments in academic medicine. Individualized, deidentified records for 1994-2000U.S. medical school matriculants who graduated with MDs before 2005, completed graduate medical education before 2009, and ...
Wang Ji-Guang - - 2012
There is limited information on the long-term efficacy and safety of olmesartan medoxomil in the management of hypertension in Chinese patients. We therefore conducted the present multicentre, single-arm, prospective, observational study to investigate the 24-week efficacy and safety of olmesartan medoxomil in patients with mild to moderate hypertension. Eligible patients ...
Choi J H - - 2012
With increasing therapeutic use of minimally invasive therapy for treatment of early gastric cancer, prediction of lymph node metastasis is important. In search of tissue biomarkers for prediction of lymph node metastasis of gastric adenocarcinoma, we analyzed gastric adenocarcinoma tissue using proteomic methods. We have done 2D-PAGE and MALDI-TOF MS ...
Wolkewitz Martin - - 2012
To display and discuss the reasons and consequences of length and time-dependent bias. They might occur in presence of a time-dependent study entry or a time-dependent exposure which might change from unexposed to exposed. Recalling the popular study of Oscar nominees and using a real-data example from hospital epidemiology, we ...
Sheehan Connor M CM Population Research Center and Department of Sociology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712-0544, USA. - - 2013
To investigate differences in the presence of drugs, by gender, when considering deaths attributable to homicides and suicides. Logistic regression analysis of mortality data collected by the Colorado Violent Death Reporting System. A total of 5791 Colorado decedents who died of violent causes from 2004 to 2009. Forensic pathologist autopsy ...
Jorge Paula - - 2012
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have a broad spectrum of activity and unspecific mechanisms of action. Therefore, they are seen as valid alternatives to overcome clinically relevant biofilms and reduce the chance of acquired resistance. This paper reviews AMPs and anti-biofilm AMP-based strategies and discusses ongoing and future work. Recent studies report ...
Reynolds Kelly A - - 2012
The occurrence and distribution of mold on household surfaces and the efficacy of bleach-based (sodium hypochlorite, NaOCl) disinfectants on mold viability and allergenicity was documented. Household microenvironments prone to increased moisture were specifically targeted. Using the sticky tape method, 1330 samples were collected from non-porous indoor surfaces of 160 homes ...
Bervoets Chris - - 2012
Second-generation antipsychotics have gradually replaced first-generation antipsychotics as first-line treatment for patients with schizophrenia. Some positive effects on verbal cognition have been shown for the second-generation antipsychotics, but most studies are based on relatively small numbers of patients. In the frame of the prospective, multi-centre, open-label study ESCAPE (A Prospective, ...
Ginther Donna K - - 2012
To analyze the relationship among National Institutes of Health (NIH) R01 Type 1 applicant degree, institution type, and race/ethnicity, and application award probability. The authors used 2000-2006 data from the NIH IMPAC II grants database and other sources to determine which individual and institutional characteristics of applicants may affect the ...
Bohlender J - - 2012
We describe an angiotensin (Ang) II-containing innervation of the kidney. Cryosections of rat, pig and human kidneys were investigated for the presence of Ang II-containing nerve fibers using a mouse monoclonal antibody against Ang II (4B3). Co-staining was performed with antibodies against synaptophysin, tyrosine 3-hydroxylase, and dopamine beta-hydroxylase to detect ...
Vasquez Rebecca - - 2012
Morphea, also known as localized scleroderma, is a disorder of excessive collagen deposition leading to thickening of the dermis and/or subcutaneous tissues and may cause significant morbidity. This review will describe new developments in the evaluation and management of morphea as well as its pathophysiology. The reader will be able ...
Jausoro I - - 2012
In this article, we review our current understanding of the biology of IQ domain-containing GTPase-Activating Protein 1, IQGAP1, a scaffolding protein with multiple binding partners, which is widely expressed among different cell types, including neurons, and capable of linking Rho-GTPase signaling with cytosleletal elements and environmental cues. Interestingly, a series ...
Johnson Japera - - 2012
The authors contend that increasing diversity in academic medicine, science, technology, engineering, and mathematics requires the adoption of a systematic approach to retain minority high school and college students as they navigate the scientific pipeline. Such an approach should focus on the interrelated and multilayered challenges that these students face. ...
García-Marín R - - 2012
Melatonin is an indoleamine with a wide spectrum of biological activities other than transmitting photoperiod information, including antioxidant, oncostatic, anti-aging and immunomodulatory properties. Although melatonin is synthesized mainly in the pineal gland, other tissues have the same capacity. In the present study, we examined whether two key enzymes in melatonin ...
David Michael C - - 2012
To assess the cost-effectiveness of sample size maintenance programs in a prospective cohort. The Living with Diabetes Study in Queensland, Australia is a longitudinal survey providing a comprehensive examination of health care utilization and disease progression among people with diabetes. Data from this study were used to compare the cost-effectiveness ...
Piccinocchi Gaetano - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with a heavy burden of morbidity and mortality, mainly due to an increased risk of cerebrovascular events and cardiac failure. Oral anticoagulant (OAC) treatment prevents stroke and systemic thromboembolism in patients with AF and its use is strongly ...
Corrao Giovanni - - 2012
Health care utilization (HCU) databases are widespread sources of data for pharmacoepidemiologic investigations. Possible confounders are typically not measured in such databases. We show how to assess the impact of confounders in a study aimed at comparing cardiovascular (CV) risk according to drug regimen prescribed at starting antihypertensive therapy, nominally ...
Faustini Annunziata - - 2012
Although damage to the respiratory system from air pollutants has been recognized, research on susceptibility to air pollution in patients with chronic obstructive respiratory disease (COPD) has produced contradictory results. We studied the short-term effects of particulate matter (PM10, PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and ozone (O3) on cardiac and respiratory ...
Kuroda N - - 2012
Renal oncocytosis is a recently established disease entity characterized by numerous oncocytic tumors and diffuse involvement of oncocytic changes in renal parenchymal epithelia. In this article, we review this disease with a focus on its clinical and pathobiological aspects. Clinically, renal oncocytosis may occur in a sporadic form without any ...
Spearing Natalie M - - 2012
This study highlights the serious consequences of ignoring reverse causality bias in studies on compensation-related factors and health outcomes and demonstrates a technique for resolving this problem of observational data. Data from an English longitudinal study on factors, including claims for compensation, associated with recovery from neck pain (whiplash) after ...
Westring Alyssa Friede - - 2012
The work environment culture inhibits women's career success in academic medicine. The lack of clarity and consistency in the definition, measurement, and analysis of culture constrains current research on the topic. The authors addressed this gap by defining the construct of a culture conducive to women's academic success (CCWAS) and ...
Estevan Carmen - - 2012
This study measured inhalation exposure to 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) among workers in the leatherwear industry in Spain, examined the changes in those exposures over a 5-year period, and documented local exhaust ventilation practices that affected exposure. In collaboration with an occupational risk prevention company, air samples were collected ...
Stanley A - - 2012
Rho GTPases are a family of small GTP binding proteins most commonly known for the regulation of many cellular processes, including actin cytoskeleton re-organisation, cell proliferation, signal transduction and regulation of apoptosis. Additionally, a link between Rho GTPases and reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been shown. In line with the ...
Carpenter William R WR Department of Health Policy and Management, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2012
Randomized controlled trials remain the gold standard for evaluating cancer intervention efficacy. Randomized trials are not always feasible, practical, or timely and often don't adequately reflect patient heterogeneity and real-world clinical practice. Comparative effectiveness research can leverage secondary data to help fill knowledge gaps randomized trials leave unaddressed; however, comparative ...
Atayde Sandra A SA Rheumatology Division, Medical School of the University of Sao - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate extracellular matrix components in articular cartilage, ligaments and synovia in an experimental model of diabetes. Young Wistar rats were divided into a streptozotocin-induced (STZ; 35 mg/kg) diabetic group (DG; n=15) and a control group (CG; n=15). Weight, blood glucose and plasma anti-carboxymethyllysine ...
Thew Denise - - 2012
Recent research indicates that the cultural competence training students receive during medical school might not adequately address the issues that arise when caring for patients of different cultures. Because of their unique communication, linguistic, and cultural issues, incorporating deaf people who use sign language into cultural competence education at medical ...
Gaur Aditya H AH Department of Infectious Diseases, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA. - - 2013
Current HIV guidelines recommend monitoring CD4 counts every 3-4 months. In the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and HIV PCR, this retrospective study reexamines the required frequency of the CD4 assay. Predictor variables, including age, previous CD4 count, HIV viral load (VL), time interval since last VL and ...
Hanson D D Paediatric Endocrinology, School of Biomedicine, Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9WL, - - 2012
3-M syndrome is a primordial growth disorder caused by mutations in CUL7, OBSL1 or CCDC8. 3-M patients typically have a modest response to GH treatment, but the mechanism is unknown. Our aim was to screen 13 clinically identified 3-M families for mutations, define the status of the GH-IGF axis in ...
Martin Erik E Center for Biophysics and Computational Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, United - - 2012
In the Q(B) site of the Rhodobacter sphaeroides photosynthetic reaction center, the donation of a hydrogen bond from the hydroxyl group of Ser-L223 to the ubisemiquinone formed after the first flash is debatable. In this study, we use a combination of spectroscopy and quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) calculations to comprehensively ...
Kondo Eisuke E Department of Pediatrics, Obihiro Kyoukai Hospital, Obihiro 080-0805, - - 2013
Isolated hypoaldosteronism is a rare and occasionally life-threatening cause of salt wasting in infancy. A 2-month-old Japanese boy of unrelated parents was examined for failure to thrive and poor weight gain. Laboratory findings were hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, high plasma renin and low aldosterone levels. Spot urine analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry ...
Sood Puneet - - 2012
BK viremia can lead to nephritis, which can progress to irreversible kidney transplant failure. Our prospective study provides management and outcome of BK viremia in renal transplant recipients. Two hundred forty de novo kidney-only recipients were enrolled from July 2007 to July 2010 and followed for 1 year. Standard immunosuppression ...
DuBay Derek - - 2012
Studies have demonstrated that African American race is a strong predictor of nondonation. However, it is often and correctly argued that African American race is a crude explanatory variable that is a surrogate marker of socioeconomic status, education, and access to health care. We hypothesized that, when controlling for these ...
Kondo Yusuke - - 2013
Expression of tyrosine receptor kinase B (TrkB), a receptor for brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), is markedly elevated in the adrenal medulla during immobilization stress. Catecholamine release was confirmed in vitro by stimulating chromaffin cells with recombinant BDNF. We investigated the role of TrkB and the localization of BDNF in the ...
Ridnour Lisa A LA Radiation Biology Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, - - 2012
Fibrillar amyloid plaques are largely composed of amyloid-beta (Aβ) peptides that are metabolized into products, including Aβ1-16, by proteases including matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9). The balance between production and degradation of Aβ proteins is critical to amyloid accumulation and resulting disease. Regulation of MMP-9 and its endogenous inhibitor tissue inhibitor ...
Lin Hsia-lien HL Department of Pharmacology, University of Michigan, 2301 MSRB III, 1150 West Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5632, United - - 2012
The reaction of peroxynitrite (PN) with purified human cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) resulted in the loss of the reduced-CO difference spectrum, but the absolute absorption spectrum of the heme was not significantly altered. The loss of 7-benzyloxy-4-(trifluoromethyl)coumarin (BFC) O-debenzylation activity of CYP3A4 was concentration-dependent with respect to PN, and the ...
Metushi Imir G - - 2012
Isoniazid (INH) is associated with serious liver injury and autoimmunity. Classic studies in rats indicated that a reactive metabolite of acetylhydrazine is responsible for the covalent binding and toxicity of INH. Studies in rabbits suggested that hydrazine might be the toxic species. However, these models involved acute toxicity with high ...
Marek Peter J - - 2012
Amyloid formation plays a role in a wide range of human diseases. The rate and extent of amyloid formation depend on solution conditions, including pH and ionic strength. Amyloid fibrils often adopt structures with parallel, in-register β-sheets, which generate quasi-infinite arrays of aligned side chains. These arrangements can lead to ...
Bingol Kerem K Institute of Molecular Biophysics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306, United - - 2012
A customized metabolomics NMR database, TOCCATA, is introduced, which uses (13)C chemical shift information for the reliable identification of metabolites, their spin systems, and isomeric states. TOCCATA, whose information was derived from the BMRB and HMDB databases and the literature, currently contains 463 compounds and 801 spin systems, and it ...
Yao Danyu - - 2012
Substrate mechanical properties have remarkable influences on cell behavior and tissue regeneration. Although salt-leached silk scaffolds have been used in tissue engineering, applications in softer tissue regeneration can be encumbered with excessive stiffness. In the present study, silk-bound water interactions were regulated by controlling processing to allow the preparation of ...
Blaze M T Melvin M Department of Chemistry, MC 111, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607, United - - 2012
The potential of laser desorption postionization mass spectrometry (LDPI-MS) imaging for small molecule quantification is demonstrated here. The N-methylpiperazine acetamide (MPA) of ampicillin was adsorbed into polyelectrolyte multilayer surface coatings composed of chitosan and alginate, both high molecular weight biopolymers. These MPA-ampicillin spiked multilayers were then shown to inhibit the ...
Hughes Alex J AJ Department of Bioengineering and the UC Berkeley-UCSF Graduate Program in Bioengineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, - - 2012
We describe a novel isoelectric point photoswitching phenomenon in both wild-type Aequorea victoria (av) GFP and the amino acid 222 E-to-G mutant Aequorea coerulescens (ac) GFP. A combination of time-resolved microfluidic isoelectric focusing (IEF) and in situ antibody blotting IEF was employed to monitor dark (nonfluorescent) and bright (fluorescent) GFP ...
Gravenfors Ylva - - 2012
Amino-2H-imidazoles are described as a new class of BACE-1 inhibitors for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Synthetic methods, crystal structures, and structure-activity relationships for target activity, permeability, and hERG activity are reported and discussed. Compound (S)-1m was one of the most promising compounds in this report, with high potency in ...
Stewart Simon - - 2012
The goal of this study was to make a head-to-head comparison of 2 common forms of multidisciplinary chronic heart failure (CHF) management. Although direct patient contact appears to be best in delivering CHF management overall, the precise form to optimize health outcomes is less clear. This prospective, multicenter randomized controlled ...
Valenti Renato - - 2012
The goal of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients treated with everolimus-eluting stents (EES) with outcomes of patients treated with first-generation paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) for unprotected left main disease (ULMD). No data exist about the comparison of these 2 types of stents in ULMD. The primary endpoint ...
Le May Michel R - - 2012
This study sought to determine whether mortality complicating ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) was impacted by the design of transport systems. It is recommended that regions develop systems to facilitate rapid transfer of STEMI patients to centers equipped to perform primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), yet the impact on mortality ...
Shi Yu-Hong - - 2012
The warm temperature acclimation related 65 kDa protein-2 (Wap65-2), a teleost plasma glycoprotein, plays an important role in immune regulation against bacterial infection. Here, for the first time we determined the full length cDNA sequence of the Japanese sea bass Wap65-2 gene (1 601 bp in length excluding the 3'-polyA ...
Kuypers Jane - - 2012
Data are limited regarding 2 new human polyomaviruses, KI polyomavirus (KIPyV) and WU polyomavirus (WUPyV), in immunocompromised patients. We used real-time PCR to test for these and 12 respiratory viruses in 2,732 nasal wash samples collected during the first year after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation from 222 patients. Specimens were ...
Zamani Farhad - - 2012
Hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is the most common autosomal recessive disorder in white people, characterized by highly abnormal uptake of iron from the gastrointestinal tracts. Recently, mutation studies have focused to detect the genes responsible for HH. In this cross-sectional study, 12 HH patients were recruited, who were referred to Firoozgar ...
Kronowitz Steven J SJ Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77230-1402, USA. - - 2012
Increasing numbers of patients with breast cancer are being treated with postmastectomy radiation therapy. The author reviewed the literature to determine the clinical impact of this increasing use of postmastectomy radiation therapy in patients with breast cancer who desire implant-based breast reconstruction. The author searched the MEDLINE database for articles ...
Hawkins Robert J - - 2012
Surgery is typically performed using one or more types of anesthesia. An important patient outcome related to the anesthetic, and a measure of quality from the patient's perspective, is patient satisfaction with anesthesia care. Currently, no psychometrically validated instruments that measure patient satisfaction with general anesthesia care are available in ...
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