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Abd-Elzaher Mohamed - - 2012
The main objective of this study is to assess the health hazard due to the indoor radon. Measurement studies have been carried out in 56 dwellings belonging to 14 residential areas in Alexandria city, Egypt. Results are obtained using the LR-115 (Type II) alpha track detector in "closed-can" geometry. The ...
Parker Melissa - - 2012
Summary This article documents understandings and responses to mass drug administration (MDA) for the treatment and prevention of lymphatic filariasis among adults and children in northern coastal Tanzania from 2004 to 2011. Assessment of village-level distribution registers, combined with self-reported drug uptake surveys of adults, participant observation and interviews, revealed ...
Appelhans Bradley M - - 2012
The body adiposity index (BAI) is a proposed alternative to the body mass index (BMI) that has shown good cross-sectional agreement with percent body fat (%BF) in validation studies. The objective of this study was to examine the ability of BAI to track adiposity change over time in a biracial ...
Krejci Marta - - 2013
Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) is a treatment option for patients with poor-risk chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Sequential use of chemotherapy and reduced-intensity conditioning has been proposed to improve the treatment outcomes. Fludarabine (30 mg/m(2)/day) and cytarabine (2 g/m(2)/day) for 4 days (combination of fludarabine with cytarabine; FAraC) were used for cytoreduction. After ...
Casella S - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the anion transport in equine erythrocytes through the measurement of the sulfate uptake operating from band 3 using different experimental temperatures and buffer solutions. Blood samples of six clinically healthy horses were collected via jugular vein puncture, and an emochrome-citometric examination was ...
Wu Keng-Liang - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Galectin-3 has been independently correlated with malignant behavior in human colon cancer. The involvement of galectin-3 in the invasiveness of colon cancer cells remains to be determined. We investigated whether galectin-3 was involved in the colon cancer cell migration mediated by certain kinase pathways. METHODS: We studied 2 colon ...
Turchetta Rosaria - - 2012
Objective: The aim of this study was to describe audiological and radiological characteristics, and other secondary aspects, in a family carrying a T961G mutation in the 12S rRNA mitochondrial gene. Design: Case report. Study sample: Six members of a family participated in an audiological evaluation that included pure-tone audiometry, immittance ...
Kamran Haroon - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Heart rate variability (HRV) is widely used to characterize cardiac autonomic function by measuring beat-to-beat alterations in heart rate. Decreased HRV has been found predictive of worse cardiovascular (CV) outcomes. HRV is determined from time intervals between QRS complexes recorded by electrocardiography (ECG) for several minutes to 24 h. Although ...
Zhao Mengli - - 2012
The majority of the literature on poisonous plant species in China is published in Chinese and not available to the majority of interested researchers and grassland managers in other countries. Therefore, a review of the Chinese literature was conducted to summarize the occurrence of poisonous plant species on temperate grasslands ...
Madimenos Felicia C - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Clinical and epidemiological research suggest that bone mineral density (BMD) in women is shaped by various reproductive factors such as parity and lactation patterns. However, the extent of these effects on BMD remains unclear because of contradictory findings and a focus on industrialized populations. Because fertility patterns in these ...
Smith Carolyn L - - 2012
Silencing mediator of retinoic acid and thyroid hormone receptor (SMRT), also known as nuclear corepressor 2 (NCOR2) is a transcriptional corepressor for multiple members of the nuclear receptor superfamily of transcription factors, including estrogen receptor-α (ERα). In the classical model of corepressor action, SMRT binds to antiestrogen-bound ERα at target ...
Tokushige Akihiro - - 2012
Several previous publications have consistently reported that surgical procedures performed early after coronary stenting were associated with significantly higher risk for ischemic events than those performed late. In the current post hoc analysis of the Coronary REvascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto PCI/coronary artery bypass grafting Registry Cohort-2, we compared ...
Lucas Stephanie J - - 2012
Several Ru-arene and Ir-Cp* complexes have been prepared incorporating (N,N), (N,O) and (O,O) coordinating bidentate ligands and have been found to be active against both HT-29 and MCF-7 cell lines. By incorporating a biologically active ligand into a metal complex the anti-cancer activity is increased.
Parisi Pasquale - - 2012
The term "ictal epileptic headache" has been recently proposed to classify the clinical picture in which headache is the isolated ictal symptom of a seizure. There is emerging evidence from both basic and clinical neurosciences that cortical spreading depression and an epileptic focus may facilitate each other, although with a ...
Parschau Linda - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Experiencing positive consequences of one's physical activity is supposed to facilitate further activity. This motivational outcome might be generated by an increase in perceived self-efficacy. In addition to such a mediator effect, we examine whether this applies generally or only under conditions of volitional control. For this purpose, perceived ...
Eckenhoff William T - - 2012
Recent work towards the production of hydrogen via reduction of protons is described. Most of the systems examined in this perspective use a molecular chromophore for harvesting visible light, a catalyst, which is reduced by the excited (or reduced) chromophore, and finally a sacrificial electron source to oxidatively or reductively ...
Horan Andrew J - - 2012
Methods for on-line characterization and quantification of gas and particle phase species greatly facilitate the study of aerosol particle formation and reaction mechanisms. An on-line method for aerosol analysis has been developed by altering a conventional electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometer to direct the aerosol flow through the nebulizing gas ...
Collip D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Reduced hippocampal size and increased stress sensitivity are associated with psychotic disorder and familial risk for psychosis. However, to what degree the hippocampus is implicated in daily life stress reactivity has not yet been examined. The current study investigated (i) whether familial risk (the contrast between controls, patients and ...
Li Yamin - - 2012
Polymeric drug nanocarriers integrated with diagnostic and sensing functions are capable of in situ monitoring the biodistribution of chemotherapeutic drugs and imaging/contrasting agents, which enables the establishment of image-guided personalized cancer therapeutic protocols. Responsive multifunctional theranostic nanocarriers possessing external stimuli-tunable drug release rates and imaging signal intensities represent another promising ...
Hirokawa Randy Y - - 2012
This study examined the relationship between communication and nursing students' team performance by determining whether variations in team performance are related to differences in communication regarding five task-relevant functions: assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation. The study results indicate a positive relationship between nursing students' team performance and comments focused ...
Buchanan Malcolm A - - 2012
This study aimed to assess outcomes of revision endoscopic stapling and external excision of pharyngeal pouch. A 5-year prospective study was performed on all patients requiring revision pouch surgery following primary endoscopic stapling. Data were collected retrospectively. Eighteen patients underwent revision pouch surgery. In seven patients, pouch size was down-graded ...
Tabatabaei Shahin - - 2012
Lower urinary tract symptoms due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH) are one of the most common urologic disorders in men. Accurate history-taking and focused physical examination allows us to diagnose the majority of cases. A better understanding of risk factors helps us tailor our treatment and predict outcomes more accurately. ...
Takemoto Yuki - - 2012
Regio- and stereoselective installation of boryl and stannyl moieties into a carbon-carbon triple bond of various alkynes has been achieved based on a three-component coupling reaction by using a diboron and a tin alkoxide with the aid of a copper(II) acetate-tricyclohexylphosphine complex, giving diverse vic-borylstannylalkenes in a straightforward manner. Carbon-tin ...
Patel Akash J - - 2012
PURPOSE: Adult studies have shown that sectioning the C2 nerve root and ganglion may facilitate placement of C1 lateral mass screws and lead to decreased operative time and blood loss. We report the functional outcomes and complications following routine sectioning of the C2 nerve root and ganglion, which have not ...
Hernandez-Luna M A - - 2012
Abstract Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) is one of the most common cancers in childhood. The development of chemoresistance in tumor cells is one of the principal causes of treatment failure. This resistance has been associated to different mechanisms, being the overexpression of anti-apoptotic proteins such as Bcl-(xL). It has been shown ...
Kallenborn Roland - - 2012
The effect of climate change on the global distribution and fate of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) is of growing interest to both scientists and policy makers alike. The impact of warmer temperatures and the resulting changes to earth system processes on chemical fate are, however, unclear, although there are a ...
Hoeke Veronika - - 2012
The structural, spectroscopic, and magnetic properties of a series of [Mn(III)(6)Cr(III)](3+) (= [{(talen(t-Bu(2)))Mn(III)(3)}(2){Cr(III)(CN)(6)}](3+)) compounds have been investigated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and electronic absorption spectroscopy, elemental analysis, electro spin-polarization spectrometry (ESI-MS) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS), cyclic voltammetry, AC and DC magnetic measurements, ...
Kumar Virendra - - 2012
Plasma polymerized polyacrylic acid (PPAA) was deposited on a polymer substrate, namely polyethylene terephthalate (PET) mesh, for entrapment of silver nanoparticle (Ag-NP) in order to achieve antibacterial property to the material. Carboxylic groups of PPAA act as anchor as well as capping and stabilizing agents for Ag-NPs synthesized by chemical ...
Koelwyn G J - - 2012
Hypoxia with exercise is commonly used to enhance physiological adaptation in athletes, but may prolong recovery between training bouts. To investigate this, heart rate variability (HRV), systemic immune response, and response to an orthostatic challenge were measured following exercise in hypoxia and air. Eleven trained men performed a 10-km cycling ...
Vogel Asmus - - 2012
ABSTRACT This study presents Danish data for the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT), Color Trails Test (CTT), and a modified Stroop test from 100 subjects aged 60-87 years. Among the included demographic variables, age had the highest impact on test performances. Thus, the study presents separate data for different age ...
Sato Hiroko H Department of Pediatrics, Yamagata University School of Medicine, Yamagata, - - 2013
Breastfeeding jaundice is a well-known phenomenon, but its pathogenesis is still unclear. Increased production of bilirubin, impaired hepatic uptake and metabolism of bilirubin, and increased enterohepatic circulation of bilirubin account for most cases of pathological neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. We previously reported that 211G>A (G71R) mutation of the UGT1A1 gene is prevalent ...
Strufaldi Maria Wany Louzada - - 2012
Our aim was to investigate plasma levels of adiponectin, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in low birth weight (LBW) children and to determine correlations among these adipokines and birth weight and cardiovascular disease risk factors. In a case-control study, the concentrations of adiponectin, MCP-1 and PAI-1 ...
Mylotte Darren - - 2012
Aims: Limited long-term data are available to support drug-eluting stent (DES) unprotected left main (LM) intervention. We sought to evaluate long-term outcomes of LM intervention with paclitaxel-eluting stents. Methods and results: In this prospective multicentre registry, 291 patients with unprotected LM stenosis underwent percutaneous revascularisation with the TAXUS® Express® stent, ...
Koryakov Dmitry E - - 2012
In salivary gland polytene chromosomes of Drosophila melanogaster, the regions of intercalary heterochromatin are characterized by late replication, under-replication, and genetic silencing. Using Gal4/UAS system, we induced transcription of sequences adjacent to transgene insertions in the band 11A6-9. This activation resulted in a loss of "silent" and appearance of "active" ...
Masala S - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to assess the effectiveness of combined procedure of cryoablation and vertebroplasty (CVT) for reduction of pain and improvement of the quality of life in patients with single painful metastatic vertebral fractures. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 23 patients with single vertebral metastasis treated with combined ...
McDonald Eileen M - - 2012
The Healthy Howard Health Plan (HHHP) is an innovative health access plan providing healthcare and health coaching to previously uninsured adults in Howard County, Maryland. HHHP members who enrolled in HHHP between January 2009 to June 2010 are followed over time using a variety of self-reported data collection tools including ...
Khan Muhammad Naeem - - 2012
A simple, sensitive, and accurate spectrofluorimetric method was developed for the determination of citalopram in bulk and pharmaceutical preparations. The method is based on the enhancement of the weak fluorescence signal (FL) of the Tb (III)-citalopram system in the presence of silver nanoparticles. Fluorescence intensities were measured at 555 nm after ...
Wu Ming-Der - - 2012
Investigation of the 95% EtOH extract of red yeast rice fermented with the pink mutant of the fungus Monascus purpureus BCRC 38108 led to the isolation of three new azaphilone derivatives, namely monascusazaphilones A-C (1-3), together with two known compounds. Compounds 1-3 were isolated from this species for the first ...
Messner Isabelle - - 2013
Targeted therapies using the anti-EGFR antibodies panitumumab (Pmab) or cetuximab (Cmab) are currently restricted to patients with metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma whose tumours do not show a mutation in KRAS. However, recent retrospective studies indicated that patients with tumours mutated in codon 13 of KRAS may benefit from treatment with Cmab ...
Grams A E - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of cranial nerve (CN II-XII) imaging with 7 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: In this study four sequences were evaluated in three healthy volunteers using magnetization preparation rapid gradient echo (MPRAGE), constructive interference in steady state (CISS), true fast imaging ...
Kim Sung Young - - 2012
Hyporesponsiveness to external signals, such as growth factors and apoptotic stimuli, is a cardinal feature of cellular senescence. We previously reported that an aging-dependent marked reduction in nucleocytoplasmic trafficking related (NCT) genes could be responsible for this phenomenon. In searching for the mechanism, we identified the transcription factor, Sp1, as ...
Tsipis Athanassios C - - 2012
The structural, electronic, bonding and magnetotropic properties of inclusion compounds formed upon interaction of cerium monoxide, CeO, with buckybowls (quadrannulene, C(31)H(16), corannulene, C(20)H(10) and sumanene, C(21)H(12)) have been investigated by DFT calculations. For the sake of comparison the structural, electronic, bonding and magnetotropic spectroscopic properties of related annulenes (cyclobutadiene, C(4)H(4), ...
Gulino Antonino - - 2012
Molecular monolayers and similar nanoarchitectures are indicative of the promising future of nanotechnology. Therefore, many scientists recently devoted their efforts to the synthesis, characterization, and properties of mono- and multilayer-based systems. In this context, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is an important technique for the in-depth chemical and structural characterization of nanoscopic ...
He Xiaozhou - - 2012
Hypoxic/ischemic injury remains the most dreaded cause of neurological disability and mortality. Despite the humbling experiences due to lack of promising therapy, our understanding of the complex cascades underlying the neuronal insult has led to advances in basic science research. One of the most noteworthy has been the effect of ...
Trivelato Felipe Padovani - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Total surgical resection is the treatment of choice for choroid plexus tumors. However, the hypervascular nature of such lesions imposes challenges to the surgical treatment. Preoperative embolization for intracranial tumors has been widely used in an attempt to reduce blood loss, but rarely with choroid plexus tumors. CASE REPORT: ...
Chung Young Rock - - 2012
Gene discovery efforts in patients with hematopoietic malignancies have brought to the forefront a series of mutations in genes thought to be involved in the epigenetic regulation of gene transcription. These mutations occur in genes known, or suspected, to play a role in modifying cytosine nucleotides on DNA and/or altering ...
Glinianaia S V - - 2012
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: To investigate clinical and sociodemographic predictors of birthweight in singletons born to women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Normally formed singleton live births and intrapartum stillbirths, born to women with pre-conception diabetes during 1996-2008, were identified from the population-based Northern Diabetes in Pregnancy Survey (n = 1,505). Associations ...
Sequeira Vanessa B - - 2012
UVR produces vitamin D in skin, which is hydroxylated locally to 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)). 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) protects skin cells against UVR-induced DNA damage, including thymine dimers, but the mechanism is unknown. As DNA repair is inhibited by nitric oxide (NO) products but facilitated by p53, we examined whether 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) altered the ...
Mei Qun-Bo - - 2012
A new phosphorescent chemosensor for Hg(2+) and acetonitrile (MeCN) based on iridium(iii) complex Ir(dpp)(2)(dtc) (, dppH = 4,6-diphenylpyrimidine, dtcH = diethyl dithiocarbamic acid) was realized. Upon addition of a tetrahydrofuran (THF) solution of Hg(2+), the dichloromethane (DCM) solution of gave a visual color change and significant fluorescent quenching. When MeCN ...
Lysyy Oleg - - 2012
A 6-month-old baby with enlarged head circumference was found on ultrasound to have a choroid plexus papilloma with striking sonographic appearance. This entity has received relatively little attention in the literature and may be encountered on ultrasound as the first imaging study.
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