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Results 301 - 350 of 2252
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Lewis Andrew L - - 2013
Irinotecan eluting embolization beads (DEBIRI) are currently being evaluated in the clinic for the treatment of colorectal cancer metastases to the liver. The aim of this study was to determine the safety and pharmacokinetics associated with two cycles of hepatic embolization using DEBIRI followed by intravenous administration of irinotecan. Pigs ...
Lacombe Thierry - - 2012
Inheritance of nuclear microsatellite markers (nSSR) has been proved to be a powerful tool to verify or uncover the parentage of grapevine cultivars. The aim of the present study was to undertake an extended parentage analysis using a large sample of Vitis vinifera cultivars held in the INRA "Domaine de ...
André Christelle Martine - - 2012
We evaluated the potential of apple to reduce inflammation. Phenolic compounds and triterpenes were analysed in 109 apple cultivars. Total phenolics ranged from 29 to 7882 µg g-1 of fresh weight (FW) in the flesh and from 733 to 4868 µg g-1 FW in the skin, with fla-vanols including epicatechin ...
Liu Yen-Wen - - 2012
A simple 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde (receptor ) serves as a selective chemosensor for Al(3+) based on chelation-enhanced fluorescence (CHEF). The receptor exhibited a high association constant with micromolar detection for Al(3+) in EtOH-H(2)O solution.
Lin C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pain is a major ailment that motivates individuals to look for treatment. Despite its enormous clinical relevance, very little is known about the factors that influence our preference of an analgesic (or pain-relieving treatment). The current study investigated the influence of the information regarding the probability and the magnitude ...
Ozanne Anneli G - - 2012
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare self-estimates of the physical, psychological, and general well-being of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and their next of kin with the assessment of the nurses and physician of these participants. Method: The well-being of 35 pairs of patients and their ...
Riihimäki Vesa - - 2012
Exposure to aluminum at work is widespread, and people are exposed to several species of aluminum, which differ markedly as to the kinetics and toxicity. Especially welding of aluminum is widely applied and continuously expanding. Inhalation of fine particles of sparsely soluble aluminum results in the retention of deposited particles ...
Martín Patricia Gálvez - - 2012
The development of new drugs using stem cells has become a clinic alternative for the treatment of different diseases such as Alzheimer's, diabetes and myocardial infarction. Similar to conventional medicines, stem cells as new medicinal products for cell therapy are subjected to current legislation concerning their manufacture process. Besides, their ...
Ahmad Mohammad Zaki - - 2012
The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the colon-targeted Irinotecan Hydrochloride (ITC-HCl) loaded microspheres by pharmacokinetic and biochemical studies. The microspheres were prepared by double emulsion solvent evaporation method with natural polymer Assam Bora rice starch. The microspheres were characterized for their micromeritics properties, incorporation efficiency, in vitro and ...
Bo Huaben - - 2012
Context: The recent developments in non-viral gene therapy and DNA vaccine have fostered the development of efficient plasmid DNA (pDNA) purification processes. Objectives: This work aimed to establish a cost-effective purification process for the large-scale production of plasmid DNA for gene therapy and DNA vaccine. Materials and methods: E. coli ...
Gilbert-López Bienvenida - - 2012
A Dielectric Barrier Discharge Ionization (DBDI) LC/MS interface is based on the use of a low-temperature helium plasma, which features the possibility of simultaneous ionization of species with a wide variety of physicochemical properties. In this work, the performance of LC/DBDI-MS for trace analysis of highly relevant species in food ...
Guzik Urszula - - 2013
The aim of this paper was to describe the effect of various metal ions on the activity of protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase from Stenotrophomonas maltophilia KB2. We also compared activity of different dioxygenases isolated from this strain, in the presence of metal ions, after induction by various aromatic compounds. S. maltophilia KB2 ...
Fujita Masako - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Diets consisting of diverse food items provide a wide range of nutrients that can enhance nutritional quality of the diet. Few studies have, however, assessed dietary diversity and its effects on micronutrient health in rural populations in field settings. This study assesses how well Dietary Diversity Score (DDS), an ...
Zhang Bo-Bo - - 2012
Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis identified forty differentially expressed proteins which explained the mechanisms underlying the stimulatory effect of Tween 80 for exopolysaccharide production in the mycelium of an edible mushroom Pleurotus tuber-regium. The up-regulation of fatty acid synthase alpha subunit FasA might promote the synthesis of long-chain fatty acids and their ...
Fan Aiping - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical features of aerobic vaginitis (AV) and mixed infections with AV to achieve efficient diagnosis. METHODS: From April 2008 to August 2009, 657 consecutive outpatients with vaginal symptoms in gynecology clinic in the General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University were investigated. Samples were taken for examination ...
Heitzer Andrew M - - 2012
Social behavior abnormalities in Fragile X syndrome (FXS) are characterized by social withdrawal, anxiety, and deficits in social cognition. To assess these deficits, a model of FXS, the Fmr1 knockout mouse (Fmr1 KO), has been utilized. This mouse model has a null mutation in the fragile X mental retardation 1 ...
Ertem Deniz - - 2012
Helicobacter pylori infection is recognised as a cause of gastritis and peptic ulcer disease (PUD) and usually acquired during the first years of life. While there is a decline in the prevalence of H. pylori infection in northern and western European countries, the infection is still common in southern and ...
Thomas Tony George - - 2012
The triarylamine derivative ETPA reacts with Cu(2+) to give deeply colored, stable radical cations in acetonitrile solution. ETPA was immobilized on to a tentagel resin bead which was then used for the fabrication of a simple device capable of the colorimetric detection of submicromolar concentrations of Cu(2+) ions in water. ...
Kalwa Miguel - - 2012
The objective of this study was to evaluate fractions of metals (labile and pseudo-total) extracted from sediment samples collected in Itaipu Lake (boundary between Brazil and Paraguay) and to assess the dynamics and mobility of these fractions by identifying the same bioavailability and ecological risk to metals in the aquatic ...
Coelho Lorene G - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the relation between nutritional status, food habits and physical activity level in schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 661 schoolchildren, from 6 to 14 years old, enrolled in public and private schools located in the urban area of Ouro Preto, state of Minas Gerais, ...
Loenneke Jeremy P - - 2012
We sought to determine if blood flow restriction (BFR) by itself or in combination with exercise would result in prolonged decrements in torque when using restriction pressures relative to the participants' limb size. Sixteen participants were randomized into Experiment A (n = 9) or Experiment B (n = 7). Experiment A participants performed unilateral ...
El-Bakly Wesam M - - 2012
PURPOSE: Doxorubicin is a widely used antitumour drug. Cardiotoxicity is considered a major limitation for its clinical use. The present study was designed to assess the possible antioxidant and antiapoptotic effects of 6-gingerol in attenuating doxorubicin-induced cardiac damage. METHOD: Male albino rats were treated with either intraperitoneal doxorubicin (18 mg/kg divided ...
Acharya Himadri - - 2012
Functional nanostructures of self-assembled block copolymers (BCPs) incorporated with various inorganic nanomaterials have received considerable attention on account of their many potential applications. Here we demonstrate the two-dimensional self-assembly of anisotropic titanium dioxide (TiO(2) ) nanocrystals (NCs) and metal nanoparticles (NPs) directed by monolayered poly(styrene)-block-poly(4-vinylpyridine) (PS-b-P4VP) copolymer inverse micelles. The ...
Parisi Rosa R School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2013
The worldwide incidence and prevalence of psoriasis is poorly understood. To better understand this, we performed a systematic review of published population-based studies on the incidence and prevalence of psoriasis. Three electronic databases were searched from their inception dates to July 2011. A total of 385 papers were critically appraised; ...
Yang An-Hang - - 2012
We previously showed that the preservation of neural adhesion molecule (NCAM) in differentiated thyroid carcinoma is an important indicator for a higher risk of distant metastasis. In the present study, we further demonstrated that forced NCAM-140 isoform expression in human thyroid cancer cells could lead to aggressive growth by enhancing ...
Moorhead Katherine T - - 2012
Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is a ventilation assist mode that delivers pressure in proportionality to electrical activity of the diaphragm (Eadi). Compared to pressure support ventilation (PS), it improves patient-ventilator synchrony and should allow a better expression of patient's intrinsic respiratory variability. We hypothesize that NAVA provides better matching ...
Shaw Tracey A - - 2012
This study investigated emotion recognition abilities and visual scanning of emotional faces in 16 Fragile X syndrome (FXS) individuals compared to 16 chronological-age and 16 mental-age matched controls. The relationships between emotion recognition, visual scan-paths and symptoms of social anxiety, schizotypy and autism were also explored. Results indicated that, compared ...
Coelho Isabela - - 2012
The objective of the present work was to study the renal function of healthy and tumor-bearing rats chronically supplemented with fish oil (FO), a source of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Weanling male rats were divided in two groups, one control (C) and another orally supplemented for 70 days with FO (1 g/kg ...
Van Mieghem Nicolas M - - 2012
Aims: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) requires large calibre catheters and is therefore associated with increased vascular complications. The aim of this study was to illustrate the impact of the different definitions of major vascular complications on their incidence and to underscore the importance of uniform reporting. Methods and results: ...
Levi Marcel - - 2012
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a syndrome characterized by systemic intravascular activation of coagulation, leading to widespread deposition of fibrin in the circulation. Recent knowledge on important pathogenetic mechanisms that may lead to DIC has resulted in novel preventive and therapeutic approaches to patients with DIC. The diagnosis of DIC ...
Nabavi Seyed Mohammad - - 2012
In the present study, the nephroprotective effect of gallic acid isolated from Peltiphyllum peltatum was examined in sodium fluoride (NaF) treated rats. Nephrotoxicity was induced by 1-week intoxication of NaF at 600 ppm through drinking water. The levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, reduced glutathione as well as activities of superoxide ...
Sabat Pablo - - 2012
We analyzed the carbon and nitrogen isotopic values of the muscle, liver, and crop contents ("diet") of 132 individuals of 16 species of Chilean birds. The nitrogen content of diet was tightly correlated with the fraction of gut contents represented by insects relative to plant material. The carbon and nitrogen ...
Kokki Merja - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Postdural puncture headache (PDPH) is a relatively common complication after lumbar punctures (LP). If conservative treatment is not sufficient within a few days and the symptoms are severe, an epidural blood patch (EBP) may be performed. AIM: A chart review to evaluate the need and effectiveness of EBPs in ...
Kar Julia - - 2012
The central goal of this study was to contribute to the advancements being made in determining the underlying causes of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. ACL injuries are frequently incurred by recreational and professional young female athletes during non-contact impact activities in sports like volleyball and basketball. This musculoskeletal-neuromuscular study ...
Caumette G - - 2012
Arsenobetaine is one of the major organoarsenic compounds found in aquatic organisms, including seafood and fish meant for human consumption. It has been widely studied over the last 50 years because of its non-toxic properties, and its origin is postulated to be at bottom of the aquatic food chains. The ...
de la Sablonnière Roxane - - 2012
Dramatic social change involves profound transformations that impact an entire group moving forward. Such is the reality for race relations in South Africa. Research has found that most people report a trajectory of group-based relative deprivation that appears to parallel actual historical events. However, a significant subset of respondents reported ...
Kang Seungbum - - 2012
Purpose: To investigate the effects of axitinib, an inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors, on choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in an animal model of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: Experimental CNV lesions were induced in C57BL/6 mice by laser photocoagulation. Beginning 1 day after CNV induction, mice were treated ...
Nakamoto Mariko - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Previous studies reported that exposure to dioxins was associated with an increased risk of various diseases in general populations. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the association between levels of dioxins in blood and allergic and other diseases. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study on 1,063 ...
Sakamoto Yuki - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent studies have shown that thrombolysis could decrease or eliminate ischaemic diffusion-weighted imaging lesions. However, the features of such diffusion-weighted imaging lesion reduction are not well known. AIMS: To clarify, the frequency of and factors associated with lesion reduction were investigated. METHODS: Patients given intravenous tissue plasminogen ...
Zivin J A - - 2012
RATIONALE: Transcranial laser therapy is undergoing clinical trials in patients with acute ischemic stroke. The NeuroThera(®) Efficacy and Safety Trial-1 was strongly positive for 90-day functional benefit with transcranial laser therapy, and post hoc analyses of the subsequent NeuroThera(®) Efficacy and Safety Trial-2 trial suggested a meaningful beneficial effect in ...
Boyd Mary R - - 2012
Nursing research is critical to establish the science for the discipline and to provide a foundation for evidence-based practice. All nurses need to understand the research process and engage in research at the level for which they were prepared. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing has clearly outlined essential ...
Léger Elsa - - 2012
Today, we are witnessing changes in the spatial distribution and abundance of many species, including ticks and their associated pathogens. Evidence that these changes are primarily due to climate change, habitat modifications, and the globalisation of human activities are accumulating. Changes in the distribution of ticks and their invasion into ...
Ali Muhammad Aslam MA Department of Environmental Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, 2202, Bangladesh. - - 2013
A field experiment was conducted in Bangladesh Agricultural University Farm to investigate the mitigating effects of soil amendments such as calcium carbide, calcium silicate, phosphogypsum, and biochar with urea fertilizer on global warming potentials (GWPs) of methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) gases during rice cultivation under continuous and intermittent ...
Dilla Tatiana - - 2012
Background: Weight management is considered a key therapeutic strategy in type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, little is known about the impact of weight loss or body mass index (BMI) reduction on type 2 diabetes-related healthcare costs. Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the economic impact of change ...
Hisada Kunihiro - - 2012
Evidence indicates that the balance between osteoblastogenesis and adipogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is regulated by several hormones, growth factors, and their downstream signaling cascades. Previous studies suggest that retinoic acid (RA) plays a role in osteoblastogenesis and adipogenesis. However, it is unknown whether RA regulates commitment of MSCs ...
Ansiaux Christophe - - 2012
A series of UDP-galactitols were designed as analogues of high-energy intermediates of the UDP-galactopyranose mutase (UGM) catalyzed furanose/pyranose interconversion, an essential step of Mycobacterium tuberculosis cell wall biosynthesis. The final compounds structurally share the UDP and the galactitol substructures that were connected by four distinct electrophilic connections (epoxide, lactone and ...
Yagame Takahiro - - 2012
Mixotrophy, obtaining carbon by mycoheterotrophy and photosynthesis, has been suggested in Cephalanthera species (Orchidaceae) by analyses on stable isotopes of carbon. In this study, we examined the growth of Cephalanthera falcata in pot cultured tripartite symbioses with Thelephoraceae fungi and Quercus serrata. Mycorrhizal fungi were isolated from roots of C. ...
Allouche Fatma - - 2012
A convenient protocol for the multicomponent reaction (MCRs) between malononitrile with an orthoester and hydrazine derivatives, under acid catalyst is described. A series of aminocyanopyrazoles 4 was prepared, isolated and characterized. These pyrazoles reacted with sodium nitrite followed by secondary amine reagent and with formic acid to lead pyrazolotriazines 6 ...
Borrelli Maria - - 2012
The disadvantages of human amniotic membrane (hAM), used for ocular surface reconstruction, necessitate the development of standardized alternatives. Keratin-derived-films (KF) have been indicated as transferable substrate for cell cultivation and tissue engineering. The impact of different sterilization procedures on KF and surgical feasibility were investigated. Human hair KF were prepared ...
Thomas Niranjan - - 2012
In low resource settings, where the majority of asphyxial deaths occur, the mandatory measuring of core temperature may not always be practical when practicing therapeutic hypothermia (TH). If a standardized measurement of skin temperature could replace core temperature monitoring, it would make cooling more feasible. In normothermic newborn, axillary temperature ...
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