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Andrade Pablo P Department of Neurosurgery, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Previous experimental models have shown that proinflammatory cytokines modulate peripheral and central nociception. However, the direct correlation between inflammation and pain in patients remains unclear. Our aim is to correlate the levels of inflammation in the spine with pre- and postoperative pain scores after discectomy. Paravertebral muscle, annulus fibrosus (AF) ...
Tabolli S - - 2012
Background  Emotional writing is a short-term psychological intervention that has been successfully used in several controlled studies. Objectives  The overall objective of the study was to test the efficacy of Pennebaker's emotional writing intervention in patients with psoriasis treated with systemic therapy. Methods  A randomized controlled trial was conducted in ...
Yuan Hang H Department of Pathology, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20057, - - 2012
A patient with a 20-year history of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis had progressive, bilateral tumor invasion of the lung parenchyma. We used conditional reprogramming to generate cell cultures from the patient's normal and tumorous lung tissue. Analysis revealed that the laryngeal tumor cells contained a wild-type 7.9-kb human papillomavirus virus type ...
Kandoth Noufal - - 2012
Herein we report the design, preparation, and properties of a supramolecular system based on a tailored nitric oxide (NO) photodonor and a rhodamine-labeled β-cyclodextrin conjugate. The combination of spectroscopic and photochemical experiments shows the absence of significant interchromophoric interactions between the host and the guest in the excited states. As ...
Kaur Kulvinder Kochar KK Dr Kulvinder Kaur Centre for Human Reproduction, 721, GTB Nagar, Jalandhar, 144001 Punjab, India. - - 2012
Kisspeptins (Kps), were first found to regulate the hypothalamopituitary-gonadal axis (HPG) axis in 2003, when two groups-demonstrated that mutations of GPR54 causes idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) characterized by delayed puberty. Objective of this review is to highlight both animal and human discoveries in KISS1/GPR54 system in last decade and extrapolate ...
Nagorny Cecilia - - 2012
Circadian rhythms are ubiquitous in biological systems and regulate metabolic processes throughout the body. Misalliance of these circadian rhythms and the systems they regulate has a profound impact on hormone levels and increases risk of developing metabolic diseases. Melatonin, a hormone secreted by the pineal gland, is one of the ...
Puls Miriam - - 2012
Aims: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has recently developed into an accepted alternative to conventional surgery in high-risk patients. According to current data, post-TAVI prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) seems to occur very rarely. Methods and results: We followed the first 180 consecutive patients who underwent TAVI at our institution to ...
Melo Saulo Maia d'Avila - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is an increased prevalence of asthmatic, obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery. The objective of our study is to evaluate the severity, level of control, respiratory medication use, and time required for prebariatric surgery asthma control. METHODS: This is a prospective study in which 88 obese asthmatics were evaluated ...
Stewart Alex G - - 2012
The Society for Environmental Geochemistry and Health (SEGH) is a forum for multidisciplinary interaction relating the geochemical environment to health. With national funding, SEGH identified collaborative opportunities through the MULTITUDE series of workshops (2007-2011). We reviewed the meetings by electronic questionnaire (39 % response). Smaller meetings saw most returning delegates, suggesting ...
Giannini Sandro - - 2012
PURPOSE: Knee arthrodesis is a scarcely tolerated procedure with a strong negative impact on the quality of life of the patient. The use of a fresh osteochondral allograft represents a fascinating option for a biological joint reconstruction. Aim of this report is to describe a case of total femoral and ...
Ugolini Alberto - - 2012
This study evaluates the use of the sandhopper Talitrus saltator as a bioindicator of PAHs contamination of the supralittoral zone of sandy beaches. Adult amphipods were collected at eight localities on the Tuscany shore in summer. Concentrations of 16 PAHs indicated as priority pollutants by the Environmental Protection Agency were ...
McClain Donald A DA Department of Internal Medicine, University of Utah and VA Medical Center, Salt Lake City, UT, - - 2013
In Chuvash polycythemia, a homozygous 598C>T mutation in the von Hippel-Lindau gene (VHL) leads to an R200W substitution in VHL protein, impaired degradation of α-subunits of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 and HIF-2, and augmented hypoxic responses during normoxia. Chronic hypoxia of high altitude is associated with decreased serum glucose and insulin ...
Xu Gang - - 2012
Six dicarboxylato-bridged dinuclear platinum(II) complexes S1-S6, with a newly designed chiral ligand, 2-{[(1R,2R)-2-aminocyclohexyl]amino}propanoic acid (HL), were prepared and spectrally characterized. The in vitro cytotoxicity of all resulting platinum(II) complexes was evaluated against human HCT-116, MCF-7, and HepG-2 tumor cell lines. The results show that all compounds exhibit positive biological activity toward ...
Eaddy Michael - - 2012
Background: Rasburicase is a recombinant urate-oxidase enzyme used to reduce high levels of plasma uric acid (PUA) resulting from tumour lysis syndrome (TLS). Rasburicase reduces PUA levels within 4 hours of administration, thereby minimizing the risk of serious complications from TLS. Treatment pattern analyses indicate rasburicase is often used in ...
Deng Xiaolong - - 2012
CLIP3 (cytoplasmic linker protein 3) is a 547 amino acid residue cytoplasmic protein that localises to Golgi stacks and tubulovesicular elements juxtaposed to Golgi cisternae. Composed of three Ank (ankyrin) repeats and two CAP-Gly (cytoskeleton-associated protein-glycine) domains, CLIP3 may function as a cytoplasmic linker protein that is involved in TGN-endosome ...
Fitzgerald Joseph M - - 2012
Many researchers employ single-item scales of subjective experiences such as imagery and confidence to assess autobiographical memory. We tested the hypothesis that four latent constructs, recollection, belief, impact, and rehearsal, account for the variance in commonly used scales across four different types of autobiographical memory: earliest childhood memory, cue word ...
Fukuda Hayato - - 2012
We have developed two syntheses of vicenistatin and its analogues. Our first-generation strategy included the rapid and sequential assembly of the macrocyclic lactam by using an intermolecular Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reaction between the C3-C13 fragment and the C1-C2, C14-C19 fragment, followed by an intramolecular Stille coupling reaction. The second-generation strategy utilized a ...
Demopoulos Carly - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare social cognitive profiles of children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and ADHD. Participants diagnosed with an ASD (n = 137) were compared to participants with ADHD (n = 436) on tests of facial and vocal affect recognition, social judgment and problem-solving, and parent- and ...
Lucarelli Loredana - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the differences among three subtypes of feeding disorders (FD), defined through the criteria of the DC:0-3R: "Infantile Anorexia" (IA), "Feeding Disorder Associated with Insults to the Gastrointestinal Tract" (FDIGT), and "Sensory Food Aversions" (SFA), by exploring mother-child interactions during feeding, children's ...
Zhao Zhimin - - 2012
Six cycloartane glycosides, named tareciliosides N-S, and a known iridoid glucoside, ixoroside, were isolated in further extensive studies on the 1-BuOH-soluble fraction of a MeOH extract of the leaves of Tarenna gracilipes. From the EtOAc-soluble fraction, three known triterpenes were isolated. Their toxicities toward A549 and Leishmania major trypanosome protozoa ...
Kovács Mária - - 2012
Rapid right ventricular pacing in anesthetized dogs results in marked protection against ischemia and reperfusion-induced ventricular arrhythmias, 24 h later. We have previous evidence that this protection associates with altered expression of genes, encoding proteins involved in the delayed cardioprotection. However, the sequence of transcriptional changes occurring between the pacing stimulus ...
Oster Inger - - 2012
Objective: Prostate cancer, one of the most common cancers in men, is often treated with radiotherapy, which strains both physical and mental health. This study aimed to describe the experiences of men living with prostate cancer shared within conversational support groups during a course of radiotherapy. Method: Nine men participated ...
Maksimović-Ivanić Danijela - - 2012
Tetrachlorido(O,O'-dibutyl-ethylenediamine-N,N'-di-3-propionate)platinum(iv) complex, [PtCl(4)(n-Bu(2)eddp)], was previously found to be effective against fibrosarcoma and glioma cell lines. Here we presented that [PtCl(4)(n-Bu(2)eddp)] strongly reduced the growth of B16 melanoma cells in vitro. Inhibition of cell viability was accompanied with induction of both necrotic and apoptotic cell death. In addition, [PtCl(4)(n-Bu(2)eddp)] concealed the ...
Subramanian Veedamali S VS Departments of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA. - - 2013
Ascorbic acid (AA) is required for normal human health and development. Human intestine expresses two sodium-dependent vitamin C transporters (hSVCT-1 and -2) that mediate cellular AA transport, with hSVCT1 targeting to the apical membrane of polarized epithelia. Studies have shown a role for the Rab8a in the apical membrane targeting ...
Watanabe Isao - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A national survey in Japan reported that the prevalence of smoking among high school students has sharply decreased in recent years. However, the survey only considered students who attended regular high schools (RHSs), and Japan offers part-time high schools (PHSs) that are often attended by academically and socioeconomically disadvantaged ...
Voloshchuk Roman - - 2012
An assembly has been synthesised that consists of four units: a meso-substituted corrole (C3), perylene bisimide (PI), and two electron-rich triphenylamine (DPA) units. PI is connected through a 1,4-phenylene bridge to C3, whereas the two DPA units are linked to C3 through a diphenyl ether linkage, which is used for ...
Alessandro María S - - 2012
Carrot (Daucus carota L.) is a cool-season vegetable normally classified as a biennial species, requiring vernalization to induce flowering. Nevertheless, some cultivars adapted to warmer climates require less vernalization and can be classified as annual. Most modern carrot cultivars are hybrids which rely upon cytoplasmic male-sterility for commercial production. One ...
Situ Dongrong - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The 7th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) cancer staging manual incorporates tumor grade and location for staging pT2-3N0M0 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Patients with pT3N0M0, classified as stage IIa according to the 6th edition of the AJCC cancer staging manual, can now be classified as ...
Campbell Burton C Alexia - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Negative psychological outcomes occur frequently after stroke; however, there is uncertainty regarding the occurrence of anxiety disorders and anxiety symptoms after stroke. A systematic review of observational studies was conducted that assessed the frequency of anxiety in stroke patients using a diagnostic or screening tool. SUMMARY OF ...
Nogueira A - - 2012
Much effort has been devoted to understanding the function of extrafloral nectaries (EFNs) for ant-plant-herbivore interactions. However, the pattern of evolution of such structures throughout the history of plant lineages remains unexplored. In this study, we used empirical knowledge on plant defences mediated by ants as a theoretical framework to ...
Xue Dixi - - 2012
Sequential monitoring of efficacy and safety data has become a vital component of modern clinical trials. It affords companies the opportunity to stop studies early in cases when it appears as if the primary objective will not be achieved or when there is clear evidence that the primary objective has ...
Ramnath V - - 2012
Collagen was isolated from the chrome containing leather waste (CCLW) which is a major solid waste in leather industry. Composite films were made using sago starch (SG), soya protein (SY), and collagen (C) and were cross linked with glutaraldehyde (G).The films prepared were characterized for their physico chemical properties like ...
Thomassen I - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerve blocks in patients with chronic pain after herniorrhaphy, by comparing nerve stimulator and ultrasound guidance to administer the block. METHODS: A total of 43 patients who received nerve blocks for chronic inguinal post-herniorrhaphy pain ...
Baltar Federico - - 2012
We determined the total and dissolved extracellular enzymatic activity (EEA) of α-glucosidase and β-glucosidase (AGase and BGase), alkaline phosphatase (APase) and leucine aminopeptidase (LAPase) activities in the epi-, meso- and bathypelagic waters of the subtropical Northeast Atlantic. EEA was also determined in treatments in which bacterial EEA was inhibited by ...
Hasson Felicity - - 2012
AIM: To explore the unregistered healthcare worker's role and influence on student nurses' clinical learning experience. BACKGROUND: Across the developed world, the role of the unregistered worker is exceeding its traditional boundaries. Evidence suggests that this includes the day-to-day mentoring of pre-registration student nurses. However, no research to date has ...
Spinelli Amy M AM Center for Cardiovascular Sciences, Albany Medical College, Mail Code 8, 47 New Scotland Ave, Albany, NY 12208, - - 2012
Airway smooth muscle cell (ASMC) remodeling contributes to the structural changes in the airways that are central to the clinical manifestations of asthma. Ca(2+) signals play an important role in ASMC remodeling through control of ASMC migration and hypertrophy/proliferation. Upregulation of STIM1 and Orai1 proteins, the molecular components of the ...
Priolo Morgan A - - 2012
The ability to incorporate large aspect ratio vermiculite (VMT) clay into thin films fabricated using the layer-by-layer assembly techinique is reported for the first time. Thin films of branched polyethylenimine (PEI) and VMT were analyzed for their growth rate, clay composition, transparency and gas barrier behavior. These films consist of ...
Stengl Václav - - 2012
A new and efficient method to produce a large quantity of high-quality and non-oxidized graphene flakes from powdered natural graphite by using a high-intensity cavitation field in a pressurized ultrasonic reactor is demonstrated. TEM and selected-area electron diffraction (SAED) confirmed the ordered graphite crystal structure of graphene. Atomic force microscopy ...
Berthelot-Ricou Anais - - 2012
Abstract Objective: to assess the incidence of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in late preterm (34(0/7)-36(6/7)) and just term (37(0/7)-37(6/7)) infants born via elective caesarean section (CS) in a tertiary care maternity facility. Methods: retrospective cohort study between 2005 and 2009. 188 near term infants, divided in 2 groups: groupe A: ...
Ou Jian - - 2012
Abstract In the present study three prenatally detected small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMC) were identified by banding cytogenetics and characterized in detail by molecular cytogenetics. In one case an sSMC(10) leading to a pericentric partial trisomy and in two cases heterochromatic sSMC derived from chromosome 22 were characterized. Outcomes were ...
Lin Tzu-Kai TK Dermatology Service, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, and Department of Dermatology, UCSF, San Francisco, California 94121, - - 2013
Systemic antagonists of the histamine type 1 and 2 receptors (H1/2r) are widely used as anti-pruritics and central sedatives, but demonstrate only modest anti-inflammatory activity. Because many inflammatory dermatoses result from defects in cutaneous barrier function, and because keratinocytes express both Hr1 and Hr2, we hypothesized that H1/2r antagonists might ...
Ben-Dor Itsik - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine success- and complication rates after balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) and the outcome of BAV as a standalone therapy versus BAV as a bridge to transcatheter/surgical aortic valve replacement (T/SAVR). BACKGROUND: The introduction of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has led to a revival in ...
Cobucci-Ponzano Beatrice - - 2012
Translational recoding includes a group of events occurring during gene translation, namely stop codon readthrough, programmed ±1 frameshifting, and ribosome bypassing, which have been found in organisms from all domains of life. They serve to regulate protein expression at translational level and represent a relatively less known exception to the ...
Hu Yingchun - - 2012
ABSTRACT: 2',4'-Dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone (DMC), a compound isolated and purified from the dried flower buds of Cleistocalyx operculatus (Roxb.) Merr. et Perry (Myrtaceae), was investigated for its glucose control benefits using in-vitro methods. DMC showed strong non-competitive (IC50 of 43 μM) inhibition of pancreatic α-amylase; it was, however, ineffective against intestinal α-glucosidase. ...
Carillo Petronia - - 2012
Buffalo dung is a low-cost substrate with plenty of carbohydrates, an optimal carbon/nitrogen ratio, and a rich microbial flora, and could become a valuable source of biogas. Therefore, in the present study we compared the type and amount of specific eubacteria to the different configurations of pH, temperature and thermal ...
Singh Neetu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cerebral ischaemia results in enhanced expression of type 1 angiotensin receptor and oxidative stress. Free radicals due to oxidative stress lead to excessive DNA damage causing overactivation of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 resulting in neuronal death. Activation of both type 1 angiotensin receptors and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 following cerebral ischaemia ...
Lee I-Liang - - 2012
Ferritin is an iron storage protein that is often used to coat metallic nanoparticles, such as iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs). However, the synthesis and biocompatibility of ferritin-coated IONPs remain unclear. Therefore, this study reports the synthesis of a ferritin gene cloned and expressed from Helicobacter pylori (HPFn). The ferroxidase activity ...
Wuttge Steven - - 2012
Under phosphate starvation conditions, Escherichia coli can utilize sn-glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P) and G3P diesters as phosphate source when transported by an ATP binding cassette importer composed of the periplasmic binding protein, UgpB, the transmembrane subunits, UgpA and UgpE, and a homodimer of the nucleotide binding subunit, UgpC. The current knowledge on ...
Stock Michelle L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Nonmedical prescription stimulant (NPS) use is an important problem among university students. The present studies applied the prototype-willingness model (Gibbons, Gerrard & Lane, 2003) to academic-based NPS use and examined the impact of academic versus health information on university students' NPS use cognitions. DESIGN AND METHODS: Study 1 used ...
Donia Marco - - 2012
Further development of adoptive T-cell therapy (ACT) with autologous tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) has the potential to markedly change the long-term prognosis of patients with metastatic melanoma, and modifications of the original protocol that can improve its clinical efficacy are highly desirable. In this study, we demonstrated that a high in ...
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