Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2252
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Menting Roel - - 2012
Porphyrins, phthalocyanines and subphthalocyanines are three attractive classes of chromophores with intriguing properties making them suitable for the design of artificial photosynthetic systems. The assembly of these components by a supramolecular approach is of particular interest as it provides a facile means to build multi-chromophoric arrays with various architectures and ...
Megged Orli - - 2012
Fusobacterium necrophorum causes various clinical syndromes, ranging from otitis media to life-threatening Lemierre's syndrome. The purpose of this study was to review our experience with pediatric Fusobacterium infections. The medical records of all children aged 0 to 18 years who were diagnosed between 1999 and 2011 with Fusobacterium infection were reviewed. ...
Correa Cleiton Silva - - 2012
Strength training seems to be an interesting approach to counteract decreases that affect knee extensor strength, muscle mass and muscle quality (force per unit of muscle mass) associated with ageing. However, there is no consensus regarding the changes in muscle mass and their contribution to strength during periods of training ...
Spence Graeme T - - 2012
Investigations to exploit the anion binding induced conformational changes displayed by a new class of acyclic receptor for anion recognition, fluorescence sensing and pseudorotaxane disassembly are described. A series of imidazolium-appended bis-amide-pyridine, pyridine N-oxide and pyridinium containing receptors are synthesised and their anion binding properties elucidated using (1)H NMR spectroscopy. ...
Zou Jun - - 2012
Combination therapies are urgently needed for optimal clinical benefit, but an efficient strategy for rational discovery of drug combinations, especially combinations of experimental drugs, is still lacking. Consequently, we proposed here a network-based computational method to identify novel synergistic drug combinations. A large-scale drug combination network (DCN), which provides an ...
van der Meulen Marian - - 2012
Motor imagery (MI) is often used in combination with neuroimaging techniques to study the cognitive control of gait. However, imagery ability (IA) varies widely across individuals, potentially influencing the pattern of cerebral recruitment during MI. The aim of the current study was to investigate this effect of IA on the ...
Peroni Diego G - - 2012
Abstract Colostrum contains cellular components that convey immunological protection to offspring. In the present study the main subsets of lymphocytes present in colostrum and in peripheral blood of healthy screened mothers were compared through the evaluation of more than 15 different flow cytometry markers. Colostrum and peripheral blood samples were ...
He Xiaozhou - - 2012
Hypoxic/ischemic injury remains the most dreaded cause of neurological disability and mortality. Despite the humbling experiences due to lack of promising therapy, our understanding of the complex cascades underlying the neuronal insult has led to advances in basic science research. One of the most noteworthy has been the effect of ...
Trivelato Felipe Padovani - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Total surgical resection is the treatment of choice for choroid plexus tumors. However, the hypervascular nature of such lesions imposes challenges to the surgical treatment. Preoperative embolization for intracranial tumors has been widely used in an attempt to reduce blood loss, but rarely with choroid plexus tumors. CASE REPORT: ...
Chung Young Rock - - 2012
Gene discovery efforts in patients with hematopoietic malignancies have brought to the forefront a series of mutations in genes thought to be involved in the epigenetic regulation of gene transcription. These mutations occur in genes known, or suspected, to play a role in modifying cytosine nucleotides on DNA and/or altering ...
Kar Julia - - 2012
The central goal of this study was to contribute to the advancements being made in determining the underlying causes of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. ACL injuries are frequently incurred by recreational and professional young female athletes during non-contact impact activities in sports like volleyball and basketball. This musculoskeletal-neuromuscular study ...
Caumette G - - 2012
Arsenobetaine is one of the major organoarsenic compounds found in aquatic organisms, including seafood and fish meant for human consumption. It has been widely studied over the last 50 years because of its non-toxic properties, and its origin is postulated to be at bottom of the aquatic food chains. The ...
de la Sablonnière Roxane - - 2012
Dramatic social change involves profound transformations that impact an entire group moving forward. Such is the reality for race relations in South Africa. Research has found that most people report a trajectory of group-based relative deprivation that appears to parallel actual historical events. However, a significant subset of respondents reported ...
Kang Seungbum - - 2012
Purpose: To investigate the effects of axitinib, an inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors, on choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in an animal model of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: Experimental CNV lesions were induced in C57BL/6 mice by laser photocoagulation. Beginning 1 day after CNV induction, mice were treated ...
Nakamoto Mariko - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Previous studies reported that exposure to dioxins was associated with an increased risk of various diseases in general populations. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the association between levels of dioxins in blood and allergic and other diseases. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study on 1,063 ...
Sakamoto Yuki - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent studies have shown that thrombolysis could decrease or eliminate ischaemic diffusion-weighted imaging lesions. However, the features of such diffusion-weighted imaging lesion reduction are not well known. AIMS: To clarify, the frequency of and factors associated with lesion reduction were investigated. METHODS: Patients given intravenous tissue plasminogen ...
Zivin J A - - 2012
RATIONALE: Transcranial laser therapy is undergoing clinical trials in patients with acute ischemic stroke. The NeuroThera(®) Efficacy and Safety Trial-1 was strongly positive for 90-day functional benefit with transcranial laser therapy, and post hoc analyses of the subsequent NeuroThera(®) Efficacy and Safety Trial-2 trial suggested a meaningful beneficial effect in ...
Boyd Mary R - - 2012
Nursing research is critical to establish the science for the discipline and to provide a foundation for evidence-based practice. All nurses need to understand the research process and engage in research at the level for which they were prepared. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing has clearly outlined essential ...
Yerly Patrick - - 2012
Ultrasound detection of sub-clinical atherosclerosis (ATS) may help identify individuals at high cardiovascular risk. Most studies evaluated intima-media thickness (IMT) at carotid level. We compared the relationships between main cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) and five indicators of ATS (IMT, mean and maximal plaque thickness, mean and maximal plaque area) at ...
Gauthier-Clerc Sophie - - 2012
Mussels are widespread in coastal environments and experience various physical, chemical, and bacteriological conditions. Owing to the increase of coastal urbanization, mussels are now commonly exposed not only to indigenous bacteria, but also to enteric bacteria originating from pulsed and chronic sewage discharges into coastal environments. Due to its broad ...
Thomas Lucy Caroline - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Craniocervical arterial dissection is a common cause of ischemic stroke in the young to middle-aged population. There have been a number of previous studies where radiological features have been described but few with detailed mapping of infarct topography and none where these features have been related to the reported ...
Orbach Ron - - 2012
Polymerase/nicking enzymes and nucleic-acid scaffolds are implemented as DNA machines for the development of amplified DNA-detection schemes, and for the design of logic gates. The analyte nucleic acid target acts, also, as input for the logic gates. In the presence of two DNA targets, acting as inputs, and appropriate DNA ...
Jalalian Nazli - - 2012
Phenols and carboxylic acids are efficiently arylated with diaryliodonium salts. The reaction conditions are mild, metal free, and avoid the use of halogenated solvents, additives, and excess reagents. The products are obtained in good-to-excellent yields after short reaction times. Steric hindrance is very well tolerated, both in the nucleophile and ...
Bhatia Rohit - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing trend to treating proximal vessel occlusions with intravenous-inter-arterial (IV-IA) thrombolysis. The best dose of IV tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) remains undetermined. We compared the combination of full-dose IV recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) and IA thrombolytic therapy to IA therapy. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2009, ...
Nagy Krisztina - - 2012
In our previous paper (Nagy et al. in J Biol Chem 285:38811-38817, 2010) by using a multilayered model system, we showed that, from α-casein, aggregates (similar to natural casein micelles) can be built up step by step if Ca-phosphate nanocluster incorporation is ensured between the protein adsorption steps. It remained, however, ...
Moasser Elham - - 2012
Diabetes Mellitus is characterized by chronic hyperglycemia and associated with an increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Oxidative stress is the result of accumulation of free radicals in tissues which specially affects beta cells in pancreas. Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are a family of antioxidant enzymes that include several classes ...
Kang Jiunn-Horng - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ischemic bowel disease and stroke have been noted to have shared pathomechanisms. However, data regarding the stroke occurrence following ischemic bowel disease are still lacking. AIM: The aim of this study is to explore the risk of stroke in patients with ischemic bowel disease during a one-year follow-up period ...
Wei Yong-Biao - - 2012
Vanadium complexes are potent hypoglycemic agents and of great potential for therapeutical treatment of diabetes. In the present work, a novel vanadium compound, bis ((5-hydroxy-4-oxo-4H-pyran-2-yl)methyl benzoatato) oxovanadium (IV) (BBOV) has been synthesized. Treatment of STZ-induced diabetic rats with BBOV restored the blood glucose to normal level and ameliorated glucose tolerance. ...
Maachou Hamida - - 2012
Chitosan/hydroxyapatite composite microparticles were prepared by a solid-in-water-in-oil emulsification cross-linking method. The characteristics and activity in presence of simulated body fluid for 14 and 21 days were investigated. The size distribution, surface morphology, and microstructure of these biomaterials were evaluated. The scanning electron microscopy revealed an aggregate of microparticles with a ...
Lubrano Vincent - - 2012
The production of object and action words can be dissociated in aphasics, yet their anatomical correlates have been difficult to distinguish in functional imaging studies. To investigate the extent to which the cortical neural networks underlying object- and action-naming processing overlap, we performed electrostimulation mapping (ESM), which is a neurosurgical ...
van Leersum N J - - 2012
Comorbidity has large impact on colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment and outcomes and may increase as the population ages. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and time trends of comorbid diseases in CRC patients from 1995-2010. The Eindhoven Cancer Registry registers comorbidity in all patients with primary CRC in the South ...
Soenen Bram - - 2012
Life space crisis intervention (LSCI) is a therapeutic and verbal strategy used to intervene when children are in crisis. It has its roots in the work of Aichorn, Redl, Wineman and Bettelheim, and is part of the milieu-therapeutic tradition. In 2000, LSCI was introduced at the Orthopedagogical Observation and Treatment ...
Konduru Sai V - - 2012
PURPOSE: Effective intraprocedural anticoagulation for catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation is critical to minimize the risk of cerebral thromboembolism. The effect of dabigatran on anticoagulation with heparin during the procedure is unknown. This study compares heparin anticoagulation in patients treated with dabigatran vs. patients on uninterrupted warfarin. METHODS: Seventy-six consecutive ...
Aschebrook-Kilfoy Briseis - - 2012
Abstract Although established risk factors such as immunodeficiency and viral infections may be responsible for a portion of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) cases, the vast majority of NHL cases remain unexplained. The role of dietary nitrate and nitrite in NHL risk is of interest since they are precursors of N-nitroso compounds ...
Husson Olga - - 2012
Background. To date, no valid instrument is available that focuses on specific health-related quality of life (HRQoL) issues that affect thyroid cancer survivors. The objective of this study was to develop and pretest a thyroid cancer specific HRQoL questionnaire that can be used in addition to the more general European ...
Mustanoja Satu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Frequency, factors associated with, and impact on outcome of haemorrhagic transformation in young adults with ischaemic stroke are unknown. METHODS: Consecutive young patients (age 15-49) with first-ever ischaemic stroke were included, having their first brain computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging within seven-days of stroke onset, and second within seven-days from ...
Costa Dominique - - 2012
Interactions between biomolecules and inorganic surfaces play an important role in natural environments and in industry, including a wide variety of conditions: marine environment, ship hulls (fouling), water treatment, heat exchange, membrane separation, soils, mineral particles at the earth's surface, hospitals (hygiene), art and buildings (degradation and biocorrosion), paper industry ...
Guo Yong - - 2012
Metal-free fullerene (C(60) ) was found to be an effective catalyst for the reduction of azo groups in basic aqueous solution under UV irradiation in the presence of NaBH(4) . Use of NaBH(4) by itself is not sufficient to reduce the azo dyes without the assistance of a metal catalyst ...
Casella S - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the anion transport in equine erythrocytes through the measurement of the sulfate uptake operating from band 3 using different experimental temperatures and buffer solutions. Blood samples of six clinically healthy horses were collected via jugular vein puncture, and an emochrome-citometric examination was ...
Wu Keng-Liang - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Galectin-3 has been independently correlated with malignant behavior in human colon cancer. The involvement of galectin-3 in the invasiveness of colon cancer cells remains to be determined. We investigated whether galectin-3 was involved in the colon cancer cell migration mediated by certain kinase pathways. METHODS: We studied 2 colon ...
Turchetta Rosaria - - 2012
Objective: The aim of this study was to describe audiological and radiological characteristics, and other secondary aspects, in a family carrying a T961G mutation in the 12S rRNA mitochondrial gene. Design: Case report. Study sample: Six members of a family participated in an audiological evaluation that included pure-tone audiometry, immittance ...
Kamran Haroon - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Heart rate variability (HRV) is widely used to characterize cardiac autonomic function by measuring beat-to-beat alterations in heart rate. Decreased HRV has been found predictive of worse cardiovascular (CV) outcomes. HRV is determined from time intervals between QRS complexes recorded by electrocardiography (ECG) for several minutes to 24 h. Although ...
Zhao Mengli - - 2012
The majority of the literature on poisonous plant species in China is published in Chinese and not available to the majority of interested researchers and grassland managers in other countries. Therefore, a review of the Chinese literature was conducted to summarize the occurrence of poisonous plant species on temperate grasslands ...
Madimenos Felicia C - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Clinical and epidemiological research suggest that bone mineral density (BMD) in women is shaped by various reproductive factors such as parity and lactation patterns. However, the extent of these effects on BMD remains unclear because of contradictory findings and a focus on industrialized populations. Because fertility patterns in these ...
Hoste Esther - - 2012
Caspase-14 is an important protease in the proper formation of a fully functional skin barrier. Newborn mice that are deficient in caspase-14 exhibit increased transepidermal water loss and are highly sensitive to UVB-induced photodamage. Decreased caspase-14 expression and incomplete caspase-14 processing in lesional psoriatic parakeratotic stratum corneum has been reported ...
Tu Chuqiao - - 2012
The emergence and rapid development of activatable contrast agents (CAs), whose relaxivity changes in response to the variation of a specific marker in the surrounding physiological microenvironment, have expanded the scope of MRI beyond anatomical and functional imaging to also convey information at the cellular and molecular level. The essence ...
Plosker Greg L - - 2012
This article provides an overview of the clinical profile of rotavirus vaccine RIX4414 (Rotarix™) in the prevention of rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) in developing countries, followed by a review of pharmacoeconomic analyses with the vaccine in low- and middle-income countries. RVGE is associated with significant morbidity and mortality among children <5 ...
Yu Hak Ki - - 2012
Although the performance of transparent conducting oxides based on bixbyite In(2)O(3) (Sn doped In(2)O(3): ITO) and wurtzite ZnO (Al, In, and Ga doped ZnO) is sufficient in conventional optoelectronic devices, their flexibility remains insufficient for demands in mobile and foldable electronics generation. A lot of alternative materials such as metallic ...
Skaaby Tea - - 2012
Low vitamin D status has been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality primarily in selected groups, smaller studies, or with self-reported vitamin D intake. We investigated the association of serum vitamin D status with the incidence of a registry-based diagnosis of ischemic heart disease (IHD), stroke, and all-cause mortality ...
Singh Bhupinder Pal - - 2012
The stability of biochar carbon (C) is the major determinant of its value for long-term C sequestration in soil. A long-term (5 year) laboratory experiment was conducted under controlled conditions using eleven biochars made from five C3 biomass feedstocks (Eucalyptus saligna wood and leaves, papermill sludge, poultry litter, cow manure) ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >