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Komzák M - - 2012
The biomechanical function of the anteromedial (AM) and posterolateral (PL) bundles of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) remains controversial. Some studies report that the AM bundle stabilises the knee joint in anteroposterior (AP) translation and rotational movement (both internal and external) to the same extent as the PL bundle. Others ...
Diana Alessia - - 2012
Objective-To noninvasively assess the influence of ingestion of a standard meal on gallbladder volume (GBV) in healthy cats. Animals-10 healthy adult domestic shorthair cats (4 neutered females, 5 neutered males, and 1 sexually intact male). Procedures-Nonsedated cats were positioned in dorsal and left lateral recumbency to obtain ultrasonographic measurements of ...
Goethals Kris - - 2012
The Ghent Group - a group of European forensic psychiatrists - has discussed ways of informing fellow professionals and the wider public about their difficult and frequently misunderstood discipline, agreeing that the specialty may have to be 'sold' to those who pay for it and use it. Our aim was ...
Hughes S P F - - 2012
This article reviews the current knowledge of the intervertebral disc (IVD) and its association with low back pain (LBP). The normal IVD is a largely avascular and aneural structure with a high water content, its nutrients mainly diffusing through the end plates. IVD degeneration occurs when its cells die or ...
Vinall Ruth L - - 2012
Objective-To determine expression of microRNA (miRNA) in urinary bladder samples obtained from dogs with grossly normal urinary bladders, inflammatory bladder disease, or transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) and in cells of established canine TCC cell lines. Sample-Samples of grossly normal bladders (n = 4) and bladders from dogs with inflammatory bladder ...
Penny J O - - 2012
Radiostereometric analysis (RSA) can detect early micromovement in unstable implant designs which are likely subsequently to have a high failure rate. In 2010, the Articular Surface Replacement (ASR) was withdrawn because of a high failure rate. In 19 ASR femoral components, the mean micromovement over the first two years after ...
Branson Richard D - - 2012
Weaning comprises 40 percent of the duration of mechanical ventilation. Protocols to reduce weaning time and to identify candidates at the earliest possible moment have been introduced to reduce complications and costs. Increased demand for mechanical ventilation, an increase in the number of patients requiring prolonged ventilation, and resource/staffing issues ...
Brainard Benjamin M - - 2012
Objective-To evaluate the pharmacodynamic effects of dalteparin in dogs by means of viscoelastic coagulation monitoring with a thromboelastograph and a dynamic viscoelastic coagulometer. Animals-6 healthy adult mixed-breed dogs. Procedures-Dalteparin (175 U/kg, SC, q 12 h) was administered for 4 days (days 1 through 4). Viscoelastic coagulation monitoring was performed hourly ...
Gómez-Durán Esperanza L - - 2012
In some European countries, forensic psychiatric training is formalised within a psychiatric framework. In others, the approach is radically different, but the end result may be a practitioner who is qualified to practise forensic psychiatry in all European jusrisdictions. The aim of this study is to describe the context of ...
Daly Jeanette - - 2012
New fecal occult blood tests have a higher sensitivity and specificity for detection of adenomas and cancer than guaiac-based tests.
Jin Peng - - 2012
Deposition of β-amyloid (Aβ) peptide is a defining pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and is involved in memory impairment. Evidence suggests that activation of an extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway is related to Aβ accumulation. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of an ...
Conway Christopher - - 2012
With the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) scheduled for publication in 2013, researchers continue to debate the optimal classification of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Much of the discussion has focused on the relative merits of dimensional versus categorical classification schemes for BPD. Advances ...
Borer-Weir Kate E - - 2012
Objective-To evaluate a human radioimmunoassay (RIA) and equine and high-range porcine (hrp) species-specific ELISAs for the measurement of high serum insulin concentrations in ponies. Samples-Serum samples from 12 healthy nonobese ponies (7 clinically normal and 5 laminitis prone; 13 to 26 years of age; 11 mares and 1 gelding) before ...
- - 2012
Osteoporosis is common and the health and financial cost of fragility fractures is considerable. The burden of cardiovascular disease has been reduced dramatically by identifying and targeting those most at risk. A similar approach is potentially possible in the context of fragility fractures. The World Health Organization created and endorsed ...
Sarmiento E - - 2012
Infection remains a source of mortality in heart recipients. We previously reported that post-transplant immunoglobulin G (IgG) quantification can help identify the risk for infection. We assessed whether other standardized parameters of humoral and cellular immunity could prove useful when identifying patients at risk of infection. We prospectively studied 133 ...
Park Sol-Ji - - 2012
Abstract Aberrant epigenetic nuclear reprogramming of somatic nuclei is a major cause of low success in cloning. It has been demonstrated that treatment of histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) enhances developmental potential of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos by alteration of epigenetic status. The aim of the present study was ...
Gulland Frances M D - - 2012
Objective-To determine the effect of natural exposure to domoic acid (DA) on eosinophil counts and adrenal gland function in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Design-Cross-sectional prospective study. Animals-39 California sea lions. Procedures-Adult female sea lions admitted to a rehabilitation hospital during 2009 were classified into 1 of 3 groups (acute ...
Mullins-Sweatt Stephanie N - - 2012
One of the official proposals for the fifth edition of the American Psychiatric Association's (APA) diagnostic manual (DSM-5) is to delete half of the existing personality disorders (i.e., dependent, histrionic, narcissistic, paranoid, and schizoid). Within the APA guidelines for DSM-5 decisions, it is stated that there should be expert consensus ...
Tsirikos A I - - 2012
An eight-week-old boy developed severe thoracic spondylodiscitis following pneumonia and septicaemia. A delay in diagnosis resulted in complete destruction of the T4 and T5 vertebral bodies and adjacent discs, with a paraspinal abscess extending into the mediastinum and epidural space. Antibiotic treatment controlled the infection and the abscess was aspirated. ...
Yu Rongqin - - 2012
The risk of antisocial outcomes in individuals with personality disorder (PD) remains uncertain. The authors synthesize the current evidence on the risks of antisocial behavior, violence, and repeat offending in PD, and they explore sources of heterogeneity in risk estimates through a systematic review and meta-regression analysis of observational studies ...
Cisneros Luis F - - 2012
Objective-To assess the prevalence of Mycobacterium bovis infection in cattle and wild ruminants (WRs) in a wildlife-livestock interface area (WLIA) of the Mexican highland plateau. Animals-24,400 cattle from 793 herds (including 17,351 commercially slaughtered cattle) and 142 WRs (110 white-tailed deer [Odocoileus virginianus], 20 red deer [Cervus elaphus], and 12 ...
Cross M B MB Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, New York 10021, USA. - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to compare the amount of acetabular bone removed during hip resurfacing (HR) and cementless total hip replacement (THR), after controlling for the diameter of the patient's native femoral head. Based on a power analysis, 64 consecutive patients (68 hips) undergoing HR or THR were ...
Bittner Edward A - - 2012
Tracheostomy is one of the most commonly performed procedures in the ICU. Despite the frequency of the procedure, there remains controversy regarding selection of patients who should undergo tracheostomy, the optimal technique, timing of placement and decannulation, as well as impact on outcome associated with the procedure. A growing body ...
Romanet Jessica - - 2012
Objective-To determine the tissue depletion profile of tulathromycin and determine an appropriate slaughter withdrawal interval in meat goats after multiple SC injections of the drug. Animals-16 healthy Boer goats. Procedures-All goats were administered tulathromycin (2.5 mg/kg, SC) twice, with a 7-day interval between doses. Blood samples were collected throughout the ...
Collins R A - - 2012
A total of 445 consecutive primary total knee replacements (TKRs) were followed up prospectively at six and 18 months and three, six and nine years. Patients were divided into two groups: non-obese (body mass index (BMI) < 30 kg/m(2)) and obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)). The obese group was subdivided ...
Haas Carl F - - 2012
Mechanical ventilation is a life-saving supportive therapy, but it can also cause lung injury, diaphragmatic dysfunction, and lung infection. Ventilator liberation should be attempted as soon as clinically indicated, to minimize morbidity and mortality. The most effective method of liberation follows a systematic approach that includes a daily assessment of ...
Itoh Hisanori - - 2012
Objective-To investigate the relationship between runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) expression in canine nucleus pulposus (NP) cells and intervertebral disk aging in chondrodystrophoid dogs. Animals-7 healthy Beagles (mean age, 35.6 months) and 11 Dachshunds with herniated disks (mean age, 61 months). Procedures-All dogs underwent MRI examination of the thoracic and ...
Nedopil Norbert - - 2012
Forensic psychiatry was long regarded as sufficiently defined by the laws of a country to be restricted by national boundaries in all but a few areas. European Union (EU) employment rights and travel facilities have changed that within the EU. The goal of this research is to explore the role ...
Choate Christina J - - 2012
Objective-To determine mechanical properties of various prosthetic materials secured to cadaveric canine femurs via various methods and to compare results with those for isolated loops of prosthetic material. Sample-80 femurs obtained from cadavers of skeletally mature large-breed dogs. Procedures-10 femoral constructs in each of 8 groups (single circumfabellar loop of ...
- - 2012
Influenza vaccination of health-care personnel (HCP) is recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). Vaccination of HCP can reduce morbidity and mortality from influenza and its potentially serious consequences among HCP, their family members, and their patients. To provide timely estimates of influenza vaccination coverage and related data ...
Gualtieri William - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to present the first case of a pure 'topiramate maculopathy' without acute glaucoma and/or myopia, which form the classical syndrome. Interventional/observational case report. Institutional University Teaching Hospital. A 22-year-old American female, after taking 100 mg of topiramate (Topamax®) a day for 6 days because ...
Kleinschnitz C - - 2012
In Germany, as in most other industrialized countries, ischemic stroke is the leading cause of disability and the third leading cause of death. As the incidence of ischemic stroke increases with age it is expected that this problem will become even more urgent in an aging society. Despite significant research ...
Greiner M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The optimal strategy to prevent cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease after kidney transplantation continues to be open to debate. The preemptive approach requires regular determination of CMV viremia and prompt initiation of therapy. METHODS: We retrospectively compared the incidence of CMV disease during two periods at our center: A first phase ...
- - 2012
An estimated 25,000 infants are born to hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive women annually in the United States. With no intervention, 40%-90% of these infants will acquire hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Approximately 90% of infected infants develop chronic HBV infection, with a 15%-25% risk for premature death from cirrhosis ...
- - 2012
Pregnant women and their newborns are at elevated risk for influenza-associated hospitalization and death. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) have recommended influenza vaccination for all women who are or will be pregnant during the influenza season, regardless of trimester. ...
Hewitt Stephen - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is high after bariatric surgery. Vitamin D is supplied to counteract SHPT and bone disease, and we studied vitamin D associations with SHPT. METHODS: We measured serum levels of 25-OH vitamin D and parathyroid hormone (PTH) 5 years after gastric bypass and duodenal switch. ...
Thomalla G - - 2012
Patients waking up with stroke symptoms are generally excluded from intravenous thrombolysis. It was shown that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can identify patients within the time window for thrombolysis (≤ 4.5 h from symptom onset) by a mismatch between the acute ischemic lesion visible on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) but not visible on ...
Ehara Shoichi - - 2012
Although atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is widely used in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF), little is known about its effect on epicardial coronary arteries. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) enables precise measurement of coronary vasodilation and flow velocity. In this study, we examined the changes in epicardial coronary artery size ...
Hessmann M H - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Anatomical reduction of two- to four-part fractures of the proximal humerus using indirect reduction techniques. Intramedullary fixation with a short humerus nail. Restoration of a stable bone-implant construct that enables early functional after-treatment. INDICATIONS: Displaced and unstable two- to four-part fractures of the proximal humerus. Fractures of the proximal ...
- - 2012
Since July 2012, 305 cases of infection with influenza A (H3N2) variant (H3N2v) virus containing the influenza A (H1N1)pdm09 M gene have occurred in multiple U.S. states, primarily associated with swine exposure at agricultural fairs. In Ohio, from July 28 to September 25, 2012, a total of 106 confirmed H3N2v ...
Dresing K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of minimally invasive osteosynthesis (MIO) is the anatomical reconstruction of the distal tibial articular surface, with preservation of the soft tissue to allow early functional postoperative management. This should lead to a normal bone healing and recovery without arthrosis. INDICATIONS: Fractures type Rüedi I + II or AO 43-B1, ...
Chaisuparat Risa - - 2012
Ribosomal protein S6 (RPS6), a downstream effector of the mammalian target of rapamycin pathway (mTOR), is activated in many cancers including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, the role of RPS6 in the progression of potentially malignant disorders (or premalignant lesions) to OSCC is unknown. The purpose of this study ...
Lämmer A B - - 2012
The differential diagnosis of focal neuropathy continues to be one of the main tasks in peripheral neurology and clinical neurophysiology. In this respect a detailed medical history a topologically oriented clinical examination based on profound anatomical knowledge and a targeted neurophysiological examination are the cornerstones of successful diagnosis. Refined imaging ...
Healey E L - - 2012
This study aims to describe the deterioration of well-established ankylosing spondylitis (AS) over a 10-year period. Patients with well-established AS under secondary care review were assessed at baseline and re-assessed after a 10-year period. Data on patient characteristics, spinal mobility and self-reported health status (AS Quality of Life, Bath AS ...
Zhao Dahe - - 2012
Haloferax mediterranei is capable of producing large amounts of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) from many kinds of carbon sources, with exopolysaccharide (EPS) as a by-product. In this study, we identified a gene cluster involved in EPS biosynthesis in H. mediterranei. Knocking out the genes in this cluster encoding the putative UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 6-dehydrogenase ...
Benndorf Paul - - 2012
The treatment of the recently reported potassium salt (S)-N,N'-bis-(1-phenylethyl)benzamidinate ((S)-KPEBA) and its racemic isomer (rac-KPEBA) with anhydrous lanthanide trichlorides (Ln=Sm, Er, Yb, Lu) afforded mostly chiral complexes. The tris(amidinate) complex [{(S)-PEBA}(3) Sm], bis(amidinate) complexes [{Ln(PEBA)(2) (μ-Cl)}(2) ] (Ln=Sm, Er, Yb, Lu), and mono(amidinate) compounds [Ln(PEBA)(Cl)(2) (thf)(n) ] (Ln=Sm, Yb, Lu) ...
Mori Hisao - - 2012
Whether the time of administering the angiotensin receptor antagonist olmesartan influences antihypertensive and renoprotective effectiveness remains unclear. This study compared the effects of olmesartan on morning home blood pressure (MHBP), office BP (OBP) and renoprotective parameters between morning and evening administration. A total of 218 patients with primary hypertension were ...
Harclerode C L - - 2012
Diffuse sources of surface water pathogens and nutrients can be difficult to isolate in larger river basins. This study used a geographical or nested approach to isolate diffuse sources of Escherichia coli and other water quality constituents in a 145.7-km(2) river basin in south central Texas, USA. Average numbers of ...
Raja Jigna V - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Alteration in gustatory function among patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is sparsely studied and provides contradictory findings. The objectives of the study were to evaluate taste perversion in HIV-infected subjects and compare taste acuity between patients with and without Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Sun W C - - 2012
Background  It has been speculated that viral infection might be one of the potential aetiologies for adult-onset clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis (CADM). The molecular pathogenesis remains largely unknown. Objectives  To explore whether dysregulation of the type I interferon (IFN) system is involved in the pathogenesis of CADM. Methods  We studied 16 ...
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