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Seah R B - - 2012
The success of total knee replacement (TKR) depends on optimal soft-tissue balancing, among many other factors. The objective of this study is to correlate post-operative anteroposterior (AP) translation of a posterior cruciate ligament-retaining TKR with clinical outcome at two years. In total 100 patients were divided into three groups based ...
Wallis Laura - - 2012
Drive-through flu vaccination is proving convenient and safe.
Bergenstal Richard M - - 2012
Abstract Background: This study evaluated whether education and use of the advanced meter features of the CONTOUR(®) (Bayer HealthCare LLC, Diabetes Care, Tarrytown, NY) blood glucose monitoring system (BGMS) affect the frequency and pattern of blood glucose testing in insulin-using subjects with diabetes who routinely perform self-monitoring of blood glucose ...
Hannemann P F W - - 2012
The use of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) to stimulate bone growth has been recommended as an alternative to the surgical treatment of ununited scaphoid fractures, but has never been examined in acute fractures. We hypothesised that the use of PEMF in acute scaphoid fractures would accelerate the time to union ...
Rosenberg Karen - - 2012
Strategies used to treat Jehovah's Witnesses could benefit other patients.
Ito Yukako - - 2012
Abstract Background: The aim of this report was to develop a dissolving microneedle (DM) application system, where 225-300 insulin-loaded DMs were formed on a chip. After the heat-sealed sheet is removed, the system covered with the press-through package layer is put on the skin. By pressing with the hand, insulin ...
Cho H S - - 2012
We evaluated the oncological and functional outcome of 18 patients, whose malignant bone tumours were excised with the assistance of navigation, and who were followed up for more than three years. There were 11 men and seven women, with a mean age of 31.8 years (10 to 57). There were ...
Vinall Ruth L - - 2012
Objective-To determine expression of microRNA (miRNA) in urinary bladder samples obtained from dogs with grossly normal urinary bladders, inflammatory bladder disease, or transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) and in cells of established canine TCC cell lines. Sample-Samples of grossly normal bladders (n = 4) and bladders from dogs with inflammatory bladder ...
Penny J O - - 2012
Radiostereometric analysis (RSA) can detect early micromovement in unstable implant designs which are likely subsequently to have a high failure rate. In 2010, the Articular Surface Replacement (ASR) was withdrawn because of a high failure rate. In 19 ASR femoral components, the mean micromovement over the first two years after ...
Branson Richard D - - 2012
Weaning comprises 40 percent of the duration of mechanical ventilation. Protocols to reduce weaning time and to identify candidates at the earliest possible moment have been introduced to reduce complications and costs. Increased demand for mechanical ventilation, an increase in the number of patients requiring prolonged ventilation, and resource/staffing issues ...
Daly Jeanette - - 2012
New fecal occult blood tests have a higher sensitivity and specificity for detection of adenomas and cancer than guaiac-based tests.
Jin Peng - - 2012
Deposition of β-amyloid (Aβ) peptide is a defining pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and is involved in memory impairment. Evidence suggests that activation of an extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway is related to Aβ accumulation. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of an ...
Beaufrère Hugues - - 2012
Objective-To assess the agreement and reliability of cardiac measurements obtained with 3 echocardiographic techniques in anesthetized red-tailed hawks (Buteo jamaicensis). Animals-10 red-tailed hawks. Procedures-Transcoelomic, contrast transcoelomic, and transesophageal echocardiographic evaluations of the hawks were performed, and cineloops of imaging planes were recorded. Three observers performed echocardiographic measurements of cardiac variables ...
Thomas Alec - - 2012
Medical students in the UK are encouraged to plan their career earlier than ever before. What do they need to do that? To explore the roles of the undergraduate curriculum and the foundation programme from the perspective of a foundation trainee looking towards a career in forensic psychiatry, and to ...
Valdés-Martínez Alejandro - - 2012
Objective-To determine the ideal interval to image acquisition after IV injection of sodium fluoride F 18 ((18)F-NaF) and evaluate biodistribution of the radiopharmaceutical in clinically normal skeletally immature dogs. Animals-4 female dogs. Procedures-Each dog was anesthetized for evaluation with a commercial hybrid positron emission tomography (PET)-CT instrument. A low-radiation dose, ...
Taylor Pamela J - - 2012
Certified medical specialists, including forensic psychiatrists, from the 27 member states of the European Union (EU) may practise in each other's countries, but there are professional and legal differences between them. One may lie in whether a patient's treating doctor/clinician may give expert evidence about that person in court. To ...
Adams J - - 2012
We systematically reviewed all the evidence published in the English language on proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ) replacement, to determine its effectiveness on the function of the hand and the associated post-operative complications. Original studies were selected if they reported clinical outcome with a minimum of one year's follow-up. Quality was ...
Itoh Hisanori - - 2012
Objective-To investigate the relationship between runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) expression in canine nucleus pulposus (NP) cells and intervertebral disk aging in chondrodystrophoid dogs. Animals-7 healthy Beagles (mean age, 35.6 months) and 11 Dachshunds with herniated disks (mean age, 61 months). Procedures-All dogs underwent MRI examination of the thoracic and ...
Kalisch Beatrice - - 2012
Challenging the belief that each patient should be cared for by just one nurse.
Brainard Benjamin M - - 2012
Objective-To evaluate the pharmacodynamic effects of dalteparin in dogs by means of viscoelastic coagulation monitoring with a thromboelastograph and a dynamic viscoelastic coagulometer. Animals-6 healthy adult mixed-breed dogs. Procedures-Dalteparin (175 U/kg, SC, q 12 h) was administered for 4 days (days 1 through 4). Viscoelastic coagulation monitoring was performed hourly ...
Rickey Ellen J - - 2012
Objective-To determine whether a single contusive impact injury to the palmar aspect of the metacarpus would progress to post-traumatic osteoarthritis or palmar osteochondral disease in horses. Animals-12 horses. Procedures-In each horse, an impact injury was created on the palmar aspect of the medial metacarpal condyle of 1 randomly chosen limb ...
Gutiérrez Fernando - - 2012
Personality Disorders have proved to be more fluid through the life course than previously thought. However, because analyses have usually been undertaken at the level of diagnostic categories, relevant findings may be obscured. An examination at the criteria level could bypass arbitrary aggregations of heterogeneous traits and thus offer more ...
van der Wulp Mariëtte Y M - - 2012
: Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a frequently used laxative agent. It is unknown, however, whether PEG affects the absorptive capacity of the intestine. Reduced lipid (dietary fat and cholesterol) absorption induced by long-term PEG treatment could negatively affect growth in children. We tested whether PEG accelerates gastrointestinal transit and alters ...
Sewell M D - - 2012
There is little information about the management of peri-prosthetic fracture of the humerus after total shoulder replacement (TSR). This is a retrospective review of 22 patients who underwent a revision of their original shoulder replacement for peri-prosthetic fracture of the humerus with bone loss and/or loose components. There were 20 ...
Brous Edie - - 2012
Although most health care professionals know that licensing boards can take disciplinary action against them for professional misconduct or gross negligence in clinical practice, nurses may not appreciate the true extent of authority the nursing boards maintain or the issues they address. This three-part series will discuss nursing disciplinary actions ...
Lewalter Thorsten - - 2012
We performed a survey on current atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation techniques used for catheter ablation of AF among the European Heart Rhythm Association Research Network. The focus of this questionnaire is on the ablation strategy, such as the use of different lesion sets or sites of ablation in the various ...
Abernathy-Young Kimberly K - - 2012
Objective-To assess survival-to-discharge rates of mares and foals and postoperative complications and fertility in mares following cesarean section (C-section). Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-95 mares. Procedures-Medical and breeding records of mares that underwent C-section were reviewed; signalment, surgical technique, complications, survival-to-discharge rate, and pregnancy and foaling rates were recorded and evaluated. ...
New Antonia S - - 2012
The authors aimed to understand the role of alexithymia in borderline personality disorder (BPD). A total of 79 BPD patients, 76 healthy controls, and 39 patients with avoidant personality disorder (AVPD) were included. Alexithymia and its influence on interpersonal functioning were assessed. The authors explored group differences in empathy in ...
Miller Victoria S - - 2012
Objective-To perform repeated anterior chamber fluorophotometry on both eyes of ophthalmologically normal dogs to measure fluorescein concentrations over a 5-day period and identify any change in the degree of anterior chamber fluorescence over time or difference between eyes. Animals-9 healthy adult dogs (18 eyes). Procedures-Each dog received an IV injection ...
Pereira Monalisa W - - 2012
The 2 Hz train-of-four ratio (TOF(ratio) ) is used to monitor the degree of patient curarization. Using a rat phrenic nerve-hemidiaphragm preparation, we showed that antinicotinic agents, such as hexamethonium, d-tubocurarine and pancuronium, but not cisatracurium, decreased contractions produced by physiological nerve activity patterns (50 Hz) more efficiently than those caused by ...
Choate Christina J - - 2012
Objective-To determine mechanical properties of various prosthetic materials secured to cadaveric canine femurs via various methods and to compare results with those for isolated loops of prosthetic material. Sample-80 femurs obtained from cadavers of skeletally mature large-breed dogs. Procedures-10 femoral constructs in each of 8 groups (single circumfabellar loop of ...
Fleming Gregory J - - 2012
Objective-To determine whether butorphanol induces thermal antinociception in green iguanas (Iguana iguana) and assess the human observer effect on quantitative evaluation of butorphanol-induced analgesia. Animals-6 juvenile green iguanas. Procedures-Skin temperature was recorded, and then a direct increasing heat stimulus was applied to the lateral aspect of the tail base of ...
Gong Wei - - 2012
In the present study, we investigated the effects of technetium-99 conjugated with methylene diphosphonate ((99) Tc-MDP), an agent used in radionuclide therapy, on receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastogenesis and explored the underlying mechanisms. The murine macrophage cell line RAW264.7 and bone marrow-derived-macrophages from C57BL/6 mice (BMM) were ...
Nelson Roxanne - - 2012
Some communities say 'yes,' but more needs to be done, and nurses can help.
Klein Claudia - - 2012
Objective-To determine the impact of antimicrobial-containing semen extender on the growth of Taylorella equigenitalis in semen culture-positive for contagious equine metritis (CEM) and the development of CEM after artificial insemination with CEM-positive semen extended with antimicrobial-containing semen extender. Design-Prospective study. Animals-21 mature mares free of CEM, 1 mature stallion experimentally ...
Singh Salil - - 2012
For gastroenterology, The Royal College of Physicians reiterates the common practice of two to three consultant ward rounds per week. The Royal Bolton Hospital NHS Foundation Trust operated a 26-bed gastroenterology ward, covered by two consultants at any one time. A traditional system of two ward rounds per consultant per ...
Romanet Jessica - - 2012
Objective-To determine the tissue depletion profile of tulathromycin and determine an appropriate slaughter withdrawal interval in meat goats after multiple SC injections of the drug. Animals-16 healthy Boer goats. Procedures-All goats were administered tulathromycin (2.5 mg/kg, SC) twice, with a 7-day interval between doses. Blood samples were collected throughout the ...
Collins R A - - 2012
A total of 445 consecutive primary total knee replacements (TKRs) were followed up prospectively at six and 18 months and three, six and nine years. Patients were divided into two groups: non-obese (body mass index (BMI) < 30 kg/m(2)) and obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)). The obese group was subdivided ...
Haas Carl F - - 2012
Mechanical ventilation is a life-saving supportive therapy, but it can also cause lung injury, diaphragmatic dysfunction, and lung infection. Ventilator liberation should be attempted as soon as clinically indicated, to minimize morbidity and mortality. The most effective method of liberation follows a systematic approach that includes a daily assessment of ...
Mason Sharon E - - 2012
Objective-To model the plasma tetracycline concentrations in swine (Sus scrofa domestica) treated with medication administered in water and determine the factors that contribute to the most accurate predictions of measured plasma drug concentrations. Sample-Plasma tetracycline concentrations measured in blood samples from 3 populations of swine. Procedures-Data from previous studies provided ...
Streit M R - - 2012
The Oxford mobile-bearing unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) is an effective and safe treatment for osteoarthritis of the medial compartment. The results in the lateral compartment have been disappointing due to a high early rate of dislocation of the bearing. A series using a newly designed domed tibial component is reported. ...
Mendez-Tellez Pedro A - - 2012
Critically ill patients requiring mechanical ventilation are frequently subjected to long periods of physical inactivity, leading to skeletal muscle atrophy and muscle weakness. Disuse muscle atrophy is the result of complex mechanisms, including altered protein turnover and disturbed redox signaling. These ICU-acquired complications are associated with longer duration of mechanical ...
Cisneros Luis F - - 2012
Objective-To assess the prevalence of Mycobacterium bovis infection in cattle and wild ruminants (WRs) in a wildlife-livestock interface area (WLIA) of the Mexican highland plateau. Animals-24,400 cattle from 793 herds (including 17,351 commercially slaughtered cattle) and 142 WRs (110 white-tailed deer [Odocoileus virginianus], 20 red deer [Cervus elaphus], and 12 ...
Bittner Edward A - - 2012
Tracheostomy is one of the most commonly performed procedures in the ICU. Despite the frequency of the procedure, there remains controversy regarding selection of patients who should undergo tracheostomy, the optimal technique, timing of placement and decannulation, as well as impact on outcome associated with the procedure. A growing body ...
Potera Carol - - 2012
Cost-effectiveness is important in the current world economy.
Roberts V I - - 2012
Controversy surrounds the management of displaced three- and four-part fractures of the proximal humerus. The percutaneous Resch technique of stabilisation involves minimal soft-tissue dissection and a reduced risk of stiffness and avascular necrosis. However, it requires a second operation to remove Kirschner wires and the humeral block. We describe a ...
Spuls Ph I - - 2012
Aim  Papp et al. (N Engl J Med 2012; 366: 1181-9) and Leonardi et al. (N Engl J Med 2012; 366: 1190-9) respectively assessed the efficacy and safety of brodalumab (AMG 827), a human monoclonal antibody directed against interleukin (IL)-17RA, the receptor of IL-17A and ixekizumab (LY2439821), a humanized anti-IL-17 monoclonal antibody ...
Lake-Bakaar Geri A - - 2012
Objective-To describe clinical signs, treatment, and outcome of aortic thrombosis in dogs. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-31 dogs with aortic thrombosis. Procedures-Records were retrospectively reviewed and data collected regarding signalment, historical signs, physical examination findings, laboratory testing, definitive diagnosis, and presence of concurrent disease. Results-The records of 31 dogs with clinical ...
Escobar L F - - 2012
A total of 11 types of glycogen storage disorders have been recognized with variable clinical presentations. Type IV, also known as Andersen disease, represents a rare subtype that can induce severe clinical findings early in life. We report on a patient with early fetal onset of symptoms with severe neuromuscular ...
Pulcini Joyce - - 2012
Here's what you need to know as the fall elections approach.
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