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Results 501 - 550 of 2252
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Davik Jahn - - 2012
The use of artificial freezing tests, identification of biomarkers linked to or directly involved in the low-temperature tolerance processes, could prove useful in applied strawberry breeding. This study was conducted to identify genotypes of diploid strawberry that differ in their tolerance to low-temperature stress and to investigate whether a set ...
Wolf Timothy - - 2012
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify what acute care variables and/or perceived recovery factors could predict decreased participation in physical activities post-mild stroke. Methods: Secondary analysis of persons with mild stroke. Participants were split into two groups based on the percentage of high-demand leisure (HDL) activities retained ...
Haagsma J A - - 2012
SUMMARY By building reconstruction models for a case of gastroenteritis in the general population moving through different steps of the surveillance pyramid we estimated that millions of illnesses occur annually in the European population, leading to thousands of hospitalizations. We used data on the healthcare system in seven European Union ...
Martinuzzi Andrea - - 2012
Purpose: We follow-up on the experience started 3 years ago with the introduction in a pediatric neurorehabilitation hospital of an ICF-CY based form for rehabilitation projecting/programming, by probing the impact that this process had on stakeholders to establish its long term cost/benefit ratio. Methods: Two hundred and two rehabilitation projects/programs ...
Faria Deise Cristina - - 2012
Twelve endophytic bacteria were isolated from the meristem of in vitro Cymbidium eburneum orchid, and screened according to indole yield quantified by colorimetric assay, in vitro phosphate solubilization, and potential for plant growth promotion under greenhouse conditions. Eight strains with positive results were classified into the genus Paenibacillus by FAME ...
Zhang Bin B Department of Nephrology, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, 106 Zhongshan No. 2 Road, Guangzhou 510080, - - 2012
Circulating and podocyte-bound urokinase receptor (uPAR) is a mediator of podocyte injury, proteinuria, and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) allowing pathological activation of the uPAR-β3 integrin signaling axis. Clinically, calcineurin inhibitors (e.g., cyclosporine A, CsA) are known to suppress T cells, yet are also being used to reduce proteinuria in FSGS, ...
Khare Drirh - - 2012
PURPOSE: Influenza viruses infect airway epithelial cells, causing respiratory distress. Immune defense is maintained by chemokine/cytokine secretions from airway epithelial cells. While moderate inflammatory response protects from ill effects, hyper-inflammatory response promotes the pathogenesis. High circulating levels of vitamin D are known to mitigate effects of infectious diseases, including respiratory ...
Trobbiani Kym - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Public awareness of the signs of stroke is essential to ensure that those affected by stroke arrive at the hospital in time for lifesaving therapies. It is unclear how well stroke awareness campaigns improve awareness of stroke signs and whether people translate this into action. METHODS: We evaluated stroke ...
Dalagiorgou Georgia - - 2012
Mechanical forces trigger biological responses in bone cells that ultimately control osteoblastogenesis and bone program. Although several mechanosensors have been postulated, the precise mechanotransduction pathway remains obscure as the initial mechanosensing event has not yet been identified. Studies in kidney cells have shown that polycystin-1 (PC1), via its extracellular N-terminal ...
Rao Vikas Y - - 2013
Intracranial cerebral aneurysms in the pediatric population are infrequent, and those occurring in infants less than 1 year old are extremely rare. Of intracranial aneurysms in children, dissecting aneurysms are the most common type seen. While spontaneous dissecting aneurysms usually present with ischemia, hemorrhage can also occur. A retrospective review ...
Patil Seema A - - 2013
The three Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved anti-tumor necrosis factor drugs (anti-TNFs) for Crohn's disease (CD) have not been directly compared. To compare the efficacy of the three anti-TNFs for CD in clinical practice. Retrospective review of patients initiated on anti-TNF between 2004 and 2008. Disease activity, quality of life, ...
Soenen Bram - - 2012
Life space crisis intervention (LSCI) is a therapeutic and verbal strategy used to intervene when children are in crisis. It has its roots in the work of Aichorn, Redl, Wineman and Bettelheim, and is part of the milieu-therapeutic tradition. In 2000, LSCI was introduced at the Orthopedagogical Observation and Treatment ...
Konduru Sai V - - 2012
PURPOSE: Effective intraprocedural anticoagulation for catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation is critical to minimize the risk of cerebral thromboembolism. The effect of dabigatran on anticoagulation with heparin during the procedure is unknown. This study compares heparin anticoagulation in patients treated with dabigatran vs. patients on uninterrupted warfarin. METHODS: Seventy-six consecutive ...
Aschebrook-Kilfoy Briseis - - 2012
Abstract Although established risk factors such as immunodeficiency and viral infections may be responsible for a portion of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) cases, the vast majority of NHL cases remain unexplained. The role of dietary nitrate and nitrite in NHL risk is of interest since they are precursors of N-nitroso compounds ...
Husson Olga - - 2012
Background. To date, no valid instrument is available that focuses on specific health-related quality of life (HRQoL) issues that affect thyroid cancer survivors. The objective of this study was to develop and pretest a thyroid cancer specific HRQoL questionnaire that can be used in addition to the more general European ...
Mustanoja Satu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Frequency, factors associated with, and impact on outcome of haemorrhagic transformation in young adults with ischaemic stroke are unknown. METHODS: Consecutive young patients (age 15-49) with first-ever ischaemic stroke were included, having their first brain computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging within seven-days of stroke onset, and second within seven-days from ...
Costa Dominique - - 2012
Interactions between biomolecules and inorganic surfaces play an important role in natural environments and in industry, including a wide variety of conditions: marine environment, ship hulls (fouling), water treatment, heat exchange, membrane separation, soils, mineral particles at the earth's surface, hospitals (hygiene), art and buildings (degradation and biocorrosion), paper industry ...
Guo Yong - - 2012
Metal-free fullerene (C(60) ) was found to be an effective catalyst for the reduction of azo groups in basic aqueous solution under UV irradiation in the presence of NaBH(4) . Use of NaBH(4) by itself is not sufficient to reduce the azo dyes without the assistance of a metal catalyst ...
Burda Marika H F - - 2012
Background: Hypoglycemia is a frequent phenomenon in people being treated for diabetes mellitus, which can acutely disrupt driving performance. For the benefit of personal and public traffic safety, we decided to identify successful diabetes-related (SDR) behaviors to support safe driving for people with diabetes, from the perspective of experiential experts ...
Sonié Sandrine - - 2012
We assessed the accuracy of the French version of the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) in adolescents with Asperger syndrome (AS) and high-functioning autism (HFA) compared to healthy controls and adolescents with psychiatric disorders (PDs). Three groups of adolescents, aged 11-18, were assessed: 116 with AS/HFA (93 with IQ ≥ 85 and 20 ...
Hatipoglu Nihal - - 2013
Waist circumference, a proxy measure of abdominal obesity, is associated with cardio-metabolic risk factors in childhood and adolescence. Although there are numerous studies about waist circumference percentiles in children, only a few studies cover preschool children. The aim of this study was to develop age- and gender-specific waist circumference smoothed ...
Chopra K - - 2012
Two glass-ceramic scaffolds with a simple cubic structure of 500 µm square ligaments and square channels of width 400 or 600 µm have been fabricated by gel-casting into moulds produced by stereolithography, followed by mould removal, polymer burnout and sintering. The scaffolds have crushing strengths of 41 ± 14 and 17 ± ...
Crouzet Olivier O LMGE, Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, 63000, Clermont-Ferrand, France. - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the dose-response effects of an herbicide on soil photosynthetic microbial communities, particularly cyanobacteria, using a microcosm approach. Pure mesotrione (active ingredient), and Callisto (a commercial formulation of this triketone herbicide), were spread at different rates on soil microcosm surfaces. Soil Chlorophyll concentrations were quantified to ...
Wang Bin - - 2012
The presence of P2X7 on erythroid cells is well established, but its physiological role remains unclear. The current study aimed to determine if P2X7 activation induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation in murine erythroleukaemia (MEL) cells, a commonly used erythroid cell line. ATP induced ROS formation in a time- and ...
Kennedy Gerald L - - 2012
Dimethylacetamide (DMAC) and dimethylformamide (DMF) continue to be important, widely used solvents involved in a wide variety of industrial applications. As liquids with relatively low vapor pressures, contact with both the integumentary and respiratory systems is the main source of human exposure. Although airborne control levels for the workplace have ...
Harland Al - - 2012
Abstract AIM: To investigate the prevalence of titres to four endemic leptospiral serovars in dog sera from the lower half of the North Island, and the South Island of New Zealand submitted to diagnostic laboratories, and to explore the association between the prevalence of seropositive samples to leptospirosis and breed ...
Fujita Wataru - - 2012
We prepared single crystals of basic copper formate Cu(2) (OH)(3) HCO(2) (1) by hydrolysis of formate anions in an aqueous solution of copper formate. X-ray structure analysis showed that this material has a two-dimensional triangular lattice network with S=1/2. The temperature dependence of magnetic susceptibility revealed antiferromagnetic ordering at 5.4 K. ...
Bharadwaj Prashant - - 2012
A proline-rich peptide product prepared from bovine whey protein that was enriched in several hydrophobic amino acids including proline (whey proline-rich peptide, wPRP) was shown to modulate the folding pathway of human amyloid beta peptide 1-42 (Aβ42) into oligomers. Concentration-dependent changes in ThT-binding to Ab42 by wPRP indicated suppression of ...
Daeneke Torben - - 2012
The ideal driving force for dye regeneration is an important parameter for the design of efficient dye-sensitized solar cells. Here, nanosecond laser transient absorption spectroscopy is used to measure the rates of regeneration of 6 organic carbazole based dyes by nine ferrocene derivatives whose redox potentials vary by 0.85 V, ...
Matheson Brittany E BE Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS), Department of Medical and Clinical Psychology, Bethesda, MD 20814, - - 2012
To compare the characteristic meal patterns of adolescents with and without loss of control (LOC) eating episodes. The Eating Disorder Examination was administered to assess self-reported LOC and frequency of meals consumed in an aggregated sample of 574 youths (12-17 years; 66.6% female; 51.2% Caucasian; BMI-z: 1.38 ± 1.11), among ...
Juratli T A - - 2012
Reports about the prognostic value of IDH mutations and the promoter region of the O6-Methyl-guanyl-methyl-transferase gene in secondary high-grade gliomas (sHGG) are few in number. We investigated the prognostic value of IDH mutations and methylation of the promoter region of the MGMT gene in 99 patients with sHGG and analyzed ...
Zhang Bing - - 2012
Ginsenoside compound K (CK) is a bioactive compound with poor oral bioavailability due to its high polarity, while its novel ester prodrugs, the butyl and octyl ester,(CK-B and CK-O) are more lipophilic than the original drug and have an excellent bioavailability. The aim of this study was to examine the ...
Jiang Li L Cornell University, 240 Upson Hall, Ithaca, New York 14853, - - 2013
Light-based flow systems for point-of-care devices are of interest because, in principle, sunlight could be used to operate them, potentially allowing for high functionality with minimal device complexity and expense. A light-operated method to drive flow using poly(N-isopropylacrylamide), a 'smart' polymer that changes wettability as a function of temperature, is ...
Türkcü Fatih Mehmet - - 2012
We report a case where corneal perforation developed during Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy. We present a 20-year-old male with the complaint of impaired vision in the right eye. Leukoma consistent with the incision line in the cornea and opacity in the posterior capsule were observed.
Yokota Kei - - 2012
An association between visit-to-visit variability (VVV) of blood pressure (BP) and renal damage was recently reported in a cross-sectional study. We aimed to clarify the longitudinal effect of VVV of BP on deterioration of renal function in patients with non-diabetic chronic kidney disease (CKD). We retrospectively studied 56 patients with ...
Li J - - 2013
The influence of an immunosuppressive cytokine, interleukin-10 (IL-10), on the outcome of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has been increasingly reported recently. A number of polymorphisms appear to control the level of IL-10 production. Among them, -592C/A, -819C/T and -1082G/A in the IL-10 gene are three most studied single nucleotide ...
Wen Zongmei - - 2012
Carbon monoxide (CO) is an important effector-signaling molecule involved in various pathophysiological processes. Here we investigated the protective effects of exogenous CO in a murine model of acute liver damage induced by d-galactosamine (GalN) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Exogenous CO gas was administered to mice via intraperitoneal injection (first at a ...
Mai Cara T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: 'Birth defect' is a common phrase, yet concerns have been expressed that the word 'defect' carries a negative connotation. Our objective was to examine public perceptions of terms used to refer to birth defects. METHODS: Four questions about terminology of birth defects were included in the U.S. nationally representative ...
Chen Lin - - 2012
[FeFe] hydrogenase mimics: Two polynuclear iron-sulfur complexes (2 and 3; see figure) were prepared and structurally characterized. They are potentially effective and stable multielectron-transfer relays for mediating four- and six-electron transformations via a cascade of reversible two-electron redox steps with relatively narrow potential spans.
Quintin Jacques - - 2012
Today, the frequency and the rate of success resulting from advances in medicine have made organ transplantations an everyday occurrence. Still, organ transplantations and donations modify the subjective experience of human beings as regards the image they have of themselves, of body, of life and of death. If the concern ...
Yamamoto Nomura Roseli Mieko - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To study the effect of fetal anemia on fetal cardiac troponin T (cTnT) in pregnancies complicated by RhD alloimmunization. Method: twenty pregnant women complicated by RhD alloimmunization who underwent intrauterine transfusion (IUT) for treatment of fetal anemia were studied. Immediately before IUT, fetal blood were obtained for Hemoglobin ...
García-Salido Alberto - - 2012
The current management and monitoring of unstable pediatric hemato-oncology patient (UPHOP) in the oncology ward is not well defined. To evaluate this concept, an anonymous Web-based survey was sent to the 150 Spanish pediatric oncologists registered in the Spanish Society of Pediatric Hemato-Oncology. The response rate was 57 %, with the ...
Vaes Jeroen - - 2012
Health care workers are often required to consider the emotions of their patients making their work susceptible for burnout. Extending recent developments in work on dehumanization, the present study tested whether or not considering a patient's suffering in terms of uniquely human compared to more basic emotions, would be linked ...
Zakaria Rasheed R Department of Neurosurgery, The Walton Centre NHS Trust, Lower Lane, Fazakerley, Liverpool, L9 7LJ, UK. - - 2013
Dorsal herniation of the spinal cord through the dura is an uncommon phenomenon and this is only the fifth reported case in the thoracolumbar spine, the first following surgery at the thoracolumbar junction. A 57-year-old male underwent marsupialisation of a benign intramedullary cyst at the T12-L1 level and subsequently returned ...
Grätz Juliane - - 2012
Objective: To study effects of the implementation of joint-crisis plans (JCP) on health-care users and professionals.Methods: The first 3 years of the implementation of JCP were followed with structured interviews with health-care users and professionals. Legal and administrative complications were documented.Results: 36 of 44 subjects with JCP were assessed. Most ...
Wojek B M - - 2012
The low-energy electronic structure of the [Formula: see text] spin-orbit insulator Sr(3)Ir(2)O(7) has been studied by means of angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. A comparison of the results for bilayer Sr(3)Ir(2)O(7) with available literature data for the related single-layer compound Sr(2)IrO(4) reveals qualitative similarities and similar [Formula: see text] bandwidths for the ...
Navarrete Acácio A - - 2012
This study focused on the impact of land-use changes and agricultural management of soybean in Amazon forest soils on the abundance and composition of the acidobacterial community. Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assays and pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA gene were applied to study the acidobacterial community in bulk soil samples from ...
Bartell Lawrence S - - 2012
The source of the extra stability of branched hydrocarbons over unbranched (hereafter referred to as protobraching stabilization) has been explained in several different self-consistent ways. Gronert, basing his arguments on well-established properties of organic molecules, namely that geminal atoms strongly repel each other, formulated a model which accounted for this ...
Assimacopoulos Aris - - 2012
A 57-year-old man who had recently undergone a transrectal prostate biopsy for a rising prostate-specific antigen level developed postbiopsy necrotizing epididymo-orchitis (requiring orchiectomy) and then Gram-negative meningitis, despite fluoroquinolone administration for periprocedural prophylaxis and subsequent therapy. The causative organism proved to be a fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli strain from sequence type ...
Das Pradip Kumar - - 2012
Iron(III) porphyrin complexes bearing covalently attached imidazole and thiolate axial ligands are investigated using resonance Raman, electron paramagnetic resonance, and cyclic voltammetry. The thiolate ligand stabilizes a low-spin ground state in solvent-bound six-coordinate species, weakens the Fe-N(pyr) bonds, and shifts the Fe(III/II) potential more negative by ∼500 mV relative to ...
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