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Raghuraman Sairamesh S Research Center Magnetic Resonance Bavaria (MRB), Am Hubland, 97074, Wuerzburg, Germany. - - 2013
To construct an optimised, high-density receive array and a movement device to achieve dynamic imaging of the knee in orthopedic large animal models (e.g., minipigs) at 1.5 T. A 13-channel RF receive array was constructed, and the crucial choice of the array element size (based on considerations like region of ...
Artieta-Pinedo Isabel - - 2012
AIMS: To assess the association between attendance at antenatal education sessions and breastfeeding during the first year of life. BACKGROUND: Although there is evidence that antenatal education encourages breastfeeding, the size and duration of its effect remain unclear. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. METHODS: The study was conducted in Bizkaia ...
Bellmore Amy - - 2012
Victims of school-based peer harassment face a range of risks including psycho-social, physical, and academic harm. The aim of the present study was to examine the behavioral coping responses used by early adolescents when they face peer victimization. To meet this aim, 216 sixth grade students (55 % girls) from two ...
Hoy Damian G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of death in Asia; however, many estimates of stroke mortality are based on epidemiological models rather than empirical data. Since 2005, initiatives have been undertaken in a number of Asian countries to strengthen and analyse vital registration data. This has increased the availability of ...
Ducati Luis Gustavo LG Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, Hospital das Clinicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, University of State of São Paulo (UNESP), District of Rubião Junior, Botucatu, SP, CEP 18618-970, Brazil. - - 2013
Intradural lumbar disc herniations are uncommon presentations of a relatively frequent pathology, representing less than 1% of all lumbar disc hernias. They show specific features concerning their clinical diagnosis, with a higher incidence of cauda equina syndrome, and their surgical treatment requires a transdural approach. In this article, we describe ...
Tan Zhan'ao - - 2012
A solution-processed vanadium oxide (s-VO(x)) anode buffer layer on an indium-tin-oxide (ITO) electrode was used instead of PEDOT:PSS for improving the stability and photovoltaic performance of the polymer solar cells (PSCs). The s-VO(x) layer was prepared by spin-coating a vanadyl acetylacetonate (VO(acac)(2)) isopropyl alcohol solution on the ITO electrode and ...
Imamura Teruhiko - - 2012
No medical treatment has been established to ameliorate pulmonary hypertension (PH) due to left heart disease. Heart transplantation (HTx) is thus far the definitive therapy for stage D heart failure, but concomitant PH is one of the major risk factors for death after HTx. Recently, implantation of a left ventricular ...
Zheng Qi - - 2012
Transcriptional gene silencing controls transposons and other repetitive elements through RNA-directed DNA methylation (RdDM) and heterochromatin formation. A key component of the Arabidopsis RdDM pathway is ARGONAUTE4 (AGO4), which associates with siRNAs to mediate DNA methylation. Here, we show that AGO4 preferentially targets transposable elements embedded within promoters of protein-coding ...
Kubota Kazuo - - 2012
PURPOSE: Hereditary periodic fever syndromes have been considered monogenic diseases. However, some recent reports have described patients with co-existence of recurrent fever responsible genes. This study assessed whether a rare variant, found in Japanese children showing atypical autoinflammatory syndrome, located in the leucine-rich repeat domain of Nod-like receptor family, pyrin ...
Lee Je-Hun - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to elucidate the anatomical location of tibial nerve (TN) and common peroneal nerve (CPN) in the popliteal crease for specific nerve block. METHODS: Fifty fresh specimens from 27 adult Korean cadavers (16 males and 11 females, age 35-87 years) were investigated. Five of the ...
Zou Zhi-Jian - - 2012
Abstract Phosphatase and tension homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) is one of the best-studied tumor suppressor genes, which can promote cell proliferation and contribute to tumorigenesis. This study aimed to investigate the PTEN mRNA (Pm) expression level in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and healthy controls, and its ...
Stein Karen Farchaus - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Findings of a randomized trial of an identity intervention programme (IIP) designed to build new positive self-schemas that are separate from other conceptions of the self in memory as the means to promote improved health in women diagnosed with eating disorders are reported. METHOD: After baseline data collection, women ...
Hoste Esther - - 2012
Caspase-14 is an important protease in the proper formation of a fully functional skin barrier. Newborn mice that are deficient in caspase-14 exhibit increased transepidermal water loss and are highly sensitive to UVB-induced photodamage. Decreased caspase-14 expression and incomplete caspase-14 processing in lesional psoriatic parakeratotic stratum corneum has been reported ...
Tu Chuqiao C Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Davis, CA, USA. - - 2013
The emergence and rapid development of activatable contrast agents (CAs), whose relaxivity changes in response to the variation of a specific marker in the surrounding physiological microenvironment, have expanded the scope of MRI beyond anatomical and functional imaging to also convey information at the cellular and molecular level. The essence ...
Plosker Greg L - - 2012
This article provides an overview of the clinical profile of rotavirus vaccine RIX4414 (Rotarix™) in the prevention of rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) in developing countries, followed by a review of pharmacoeconomic analyses with the vaccine in low- and middle-income countries. RVGE is associated with significant morbidity and mortality among children <5 ...
Yu Hak Ki - - 2012
Although the performance of transparent conducting oxides based on bixbyite In(2)O(3) (Sn doped In(2)O(3): ITO) and wurtzite ZnO (Al, In, and Ga doped ZnO) is sufficient in conventional optoelectronic devices, their flexibility remains insufficient for demands in mobile and foldable electronics generation. A lot of alternative materials such as metallic ...
Skaaby Tea - - 2012
Low vitamin D status has been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality primarily in selected groups, smaller studies, or with self-reported vitamin D intake. We investigated the association of serum vitamin D status with the incidence of a registry-based diagnosis of ischemic heart disease (IHD), stroke, and all-cause mortality ...
Singh Bhupinder Pal - - 2012
The stability of biochar carbon (C) is the major determinant of its value for long-term C sequestration in soil. A long-term (5 year) laboratory experiment was conducted under controlled conditions using eleven biochars made from five C3 biomass feedstocks (Eucalyptus saligna wood and leaves, papermill sludge, poultry litter, cow manure) ...
Achdou Yves - - 2012
In this paper we present a mathematical model for the aggregation and diffusion of A[Formula: see text] amyloid in the brain affected by Alzheimer's disease, at the early stage of the disease. The model is based on a classical discrete Smoluchowski aggregation equation modified to take diffusion into account. We ...
Fujitsuka Mamoru - - 2012
Hoop-shaped π-conjugated molecules such as cycloparaphenylene (CPP) have attracted the attention of many chemists because they exhibit interesting properties due to the distorted π-electron system. To gain a systematic understanding of the properties that result from distorted π-electron systems, it is important to know precisely how these properties depend on ...
Sloan Tod B - - 2012
Neuromuscular blocking agents have generally been avoided during intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IOM) where muscle responses to nerve stimulation or transcranial stimulation are monitored. However, a variety of studies and clinical experience indicate partial neuromuscular blockade is compatible with monitoring in some patients. This review presents these experiences after reviewing the ...
Pigò Flavia - - 2012
PURPOSE: Aim of the study was the evaluation of high-definition white light (HDWL) i-Scan endoscopy for diagnostic prediction of histology, inter- and intraobserver agreement for colorectal polyps. METHODS: In this prospective single-center cohort study, a skilled endoscopist, with HDWL i-Scan, predicted on real-time the histology of 150 polyps from 78 ...
Ansari Daniel - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Fast-track (FT) surgery can be defined as a coordinated perioperative approach aimed at reducing surgical stress and facilitating postoperative recovery. The objective of this review was to examine the literature on the procedure-specific application of FT surgery. DISCUSSION: The concept of FT rehabilitation has been applied mainly in colorectal ...
Pishvaian Michael J MJ Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Developmental Therapeutics Program, Washington, DC 20007, USA. - - 2012
Pre-clinical data suggest that combining imatinib with traditional cytotoxic chemotherapy may improve imatinib efficacy. We conducted a Phase I study of imatinib in combination with paclitaxel in patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumors. Patients were accrued to the study in a standard 3 + 3 design. Patients were restaged ...
Buckley Heather L - - 2012
The lithium corrole complex (Mes(2)(p-OMePh)corrole)Li(3)·6THF (1·6THF), prepared via deprotonation of the free-base corrole with lithium amide, acts as precursor for the preparation of cyclopentadienyl zirconium(iv) corrole (2) and pentamethylcyclopentadienyl titanium(iv) corrole (3).
Asbahi Mohamed - - 2012
Directing the self-assembly of sub-10 nm nanoparticles has been challenging due to the requirements in simultaneously achieving a densely-packed monolayer, and rearranging nanoparticles to assemble within a template. We met both requirements by separating the processes into two steps by first forming a monolayer of gold nanoparticles on a suitable ...
Fortea Isabel Mi - - 2012
Soluble and membrane-bound peroxidases (POD) were extracted from red cabbage using Triton X-114. Optimum activity was obtained at pH 4.0 for both enzymes and both were inactivated by the sodium dodecil sulphate (SDS). The KM and Vm values for H2O2 were found to be 0.98 mM and 8.1 M/min, respectively, ...
Fomentin Aurélie - - 2012
The association between polymorphism of human papillomavirus type 52 (HPV52) andhigh-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2,3) was investigated in Canadianwomen. HPV-52-positive endocervical specimens collected from 216 women selectedfrom a total of 3614 participants recruited in two case-control and two cohort studiesconducted in Canada were further analyzed by PCR-sequencing of the LCR ...
Balaskas Konstantinos - - 2012
Peripapillary choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) in the context of ocular syphilis is exceptional and little is known about its natural history and optimal therapeutic management. We report here a case of right eye peripapillary CNV with subretinal fluid encroaching on the fovea in a patient with mild bilateral ocular inflammation and ...
Bocquené Gilles - - 2012
This study aimed to compare the contamination levels of various organohalogenated compounds in two migratory fish species in the Vilaine River in western France. Organochlorinated pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dioxins (polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans (PCDDs/Fs)), and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were analyzed in two diadromous species from the Vilaine estuary, the grey ...
Lacerda L D - - 2012
Metal concentrations were evaluated in water, bottom sediments, and biota in four field campaigns from 2002 to 2004 in the Potiguar Basin, northeastern Brazil, where offshore oil exploration occurs. Analyses were performed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. Total metal concentrations in water ...
Fajkovic Harun - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Through evolution in technology, endoscopic treatment has gained popularity for the treatment of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (ENDO-UTUC). METHODS: A total of 20 patients with ENDO-UTUC were compared to 178 treated by radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for a pTa-1 UTUC, and a systematic review was performed. RESULTS: Mean age for ...
Duan Bin - - 2012
Heart valve disease is a serious and growing public health problem for which prosthetic replacement is most commonly indicated. Current prosthetic devices are inadequate for younger adults and growing children. Tissue engineered living aortic valve conduits have potential for remodeling, regeneration, and growth, but fabricating natural anatomical complexity with cellular ...
Morkunas Bernardas - - 2012
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a notorious human pathogen associated with a range of life-threatening nosocomial infections. There is an increasing problem of antibiotic resistance in P. aeruginosa, highlighted by the emergence of multi-drug resistant strains. Thus the exploration of new strategies for the treatment of P. aeruginosa infections is clearly warranted. ...
Delbart Emmanuel - - 2012
Japanese knotweed Fallopia japonica is an extremely abundant invasive plant in Belgium and surrounding countries. To date, no eradication method is available for land managers facing the invasion of this rhizomatous plant. We tested different chemical herbicides with two application methods (spraying and stem injection), as well as mechanical treatments, ...
Ghanbarpour Reza - - 2012
The objectives of this study were to determine the presence and prevalence of non-O157 shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) isolates from faeces of healthy fat-tailed sheep and detection of phylogenetic background and antibiotic resistance profile of isolates. One hundred ninety-two E. coli isolates were recovered from obtained rectal swabs and ...
Ying Sheng-Hua - - 2012
Genetic engineering offers a practical route for enhancing the insect biological control potential of entomopathogenic fungi such as Beauveria bassiana. To date, however, such efforts have relied upon transformation protocols that utilize antibiotic or herbicidal resistance markers as selection agents for the introduction of genes into the fungus. In order ...
Köse Nesibe - - 2012
We developed a high quality reconstruction of May-June precipitation for the interior region of southwestern Turkey using regional tree-ring data calibrated with meteorological data from Burdur. In this study, three new climate sensitive black pine chronologies were built. In addition to new chronologies, four previously published black pine chronologies were ...
Suttle Nf - - 2012
Abstract AIM: To minimise the impact of initial variation in liver copper (Cu) on assessments of Cu supplements for cattle in depletion/repletion experiments. METHODS: Efficacy of two Cu injections was assessed with 18 calves, weighing 200-250 kg, given a Cu-deficient barley diet, containing 4.1 mg Cu/kg dry matter (DM) and added ...
Landau H - - 2012
To improve the efficacy of risk-adapted melphalan in patients with AL amyloidosis, we conducted a phase II trial using bortezomib and dexamethasone (BD) as consolidation. Forty untreated patients with renal (70%), cardiac (65%), liver/GI (15%) or nervous system (13%) AL were assigned melphalan 100, 140 or 200 mg/m2 based on age, ...
Qin Xiaoqiong - - 2012
Carotenoid β-hydroxylases attach hydroxyl groups to the β-ionone rings (β-rings) of carotenoid substrates, resulting in modified structures and functions of carotenoid molecules. We cloned and characterized two genes (each with three homeologs), HYD1 and HYD2, which encode β-hydroxylases in wheat. The results from bioinformatic and nested degenerate PCR analyses collectively ...
Ilhan T - - 2012
Capsaicin (CAP), the active substance of red hot peppers, has been reported to stimulate development of the gonad. Ghrelin is an acylated polypeptide hormone that is secreted predominantly by endocrine cells of the stomach. There is evidence that ghrelin is involved in reproductive function. Ghrelin significantly inhibits testosterone secretion in ...
Lai Renchun - - 2012
PURPOSE: The effect of thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) on anastomotic leakage (AL) after anterior resection for colorectal cancer is controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors including TEA for the occurrence of AL after anterior resection for colorectal cancer. METHODS: This retrospective study included 1,312 ...
Aly Walid - - 2012
This study identifies and quantifies the spatial variations of metal contamination in water, sediment and biota: the common cockle (Cerastoderma edule) and the Mermaid's glove sponge (Haliclona oculata), within a heavily anthropogenically impacted semi-enclosed estuarine-coastal area with a low ability to disperse and flush contaminants (Poole Harbour, UK). The results ...
Zhao Jian - - 2012
Joining forces: Platinum complexes containing organic nitrate ligands were investigated as anticancer agents. The complexes, which were stable in aqueous solution, showed cytotoxicity that was superior to that of the corresponding parent compound (carboplatin), thus suggesting an interesting synergy between the ability of the nitrate-based ligands to release nitric oxide ...
Duncan F Jason FJ Department of Nutrition, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, - - 2013
Alopecia areata (AA) is an autoimmune disease that attacks anagen hair follicles. Gene array in graft-induced C3H/HeJ mice revealed that genes involved in retinoic acid (RA) synthesis were increased, whereas RA degradation genes were decreased in AA compared with sham controls. This was confirmed by immunohistochemistry in biopsies from patients ...
Merchant Rashid H - - 2012
Clinical manifestations in children living with HIV/ AIDS differ from those in adults due to poorly developed immunity that allows greater dissemination throughout various organs. In developing countries, HIV-infected children have an increased frequency of malnutrition and common childhood infections such as ear infections, pneumonias, gastroenteritis and tuberculosis. The symptoms ...
Meganathan Chandrasekaran - - 2012
In our study, a structure-based virtual screening study was conducted to identify potent ITK inhibitors, as ITK is considered to play an important role in the treatment of inflammatory diseases. We developed a structure-based pharmacophore model using the crystal structure (PDB ID: 3MJ2) of ITK complexed with BMS-50944. The most ...
Fu Qiangwei - - 2012
CD43 is a transmembrane sialoglycoprotein. Normally the molecule is only produced by white blood cells where it regulates functions such as intercellular adhesion, intracellular signaling, apoptosis, migration and proliferation. Two CD43 antibodies were used to interrogate 66 cases of non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and 24 cases of small ...
Badding M A MA Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14642, - - 2013
Microtubule-based transport is required for plasmid translocation to the nucleus during transfections, and having stable structures could enhance this movement. In previous studies, in which the cytoskeleton was disrupted, we found that populations of microtubules remain that are stable and highly acetylated. By increasing the levels of acetylated tubulin through ...
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