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Results 451 - 500 of 2252
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Zhang Bing - - 2012
Ginsenoside compound K (CK) is a bioactive compound with poor oral bioavailability due to its high polarity, while its novel ester prodrugs, the butyl and octyl ester,(CK-B and CK-O) are more lipophilic than the original drug and have an excellent bioavailability. The aim of this study was to examine the ...
Türkcü Fatih Mehmet - - 2012
We report a case where corneal perforation developed during Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy. We present a 20-year-old male with the complaint of impaired vision in the right eye. Leukoma consistent with the incision line in the cornea and opacity in the posterior capsule were observed.
Yokota Kei - - 2012
An association between visit-to-visit variability (VVV) of blood pressure (BP) and renal damage was recently reported in a cross-sectional study. We aimed to clarify the longitudinal effect of VVV of BP on deterioration of renal function in patients with non-diabetic chronic kidney disease (CKD). We retrospectively studied 56 patients with ...
Wen Zongmei - - 2012
Carbon monoxide (CO) is an important effector-signaling molecule involved in various pathophysiological processes. Here we investigated the protective effects of exogenous CO in a murine model of acute liver damage induced by d-galactosamine (GalN) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Exogenous CO gas was administered to mice via intraperitoneal injection (first at a ...
Mai Cara T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: 'Birth defect' is a common phrase, yet concerns have been expressed that the word 'defect' carries a negative connotation. Our objective was to examine public perceptions of terms used to refer to birth defects. METHODS: Four questions about terminology of birth defects were included in the U.S. nationally representative ...
Chen Lin - - 2012
[FeFe] hydrogenase mimics: Two polynuclear iron-sulfur complexes (2 and 3; see figure) were prepared and structurally characterized. They are potentially effective and stable multielectron-transfer relays for mediating four- and six-electron transformations via a cascade of reversible two-electron redox steps with relatively narrow potential spans.
Burda Marika H F - - 2012
Background: Hypoglycemia is a frequent phenomenon in people being treated for diabetes mellitus, which can acutely disrupt driving performance. For the benefit of personal and public traffic safety, we decided to identify successful diabetes-related (SDR) behaviors to support safe driving for people with diabetes, from the perspective of experiential experts ...
Sonié Sandrine - - 2012
We assessed the accuracy of the French version of the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) in adolescents with Asperger syndrome (AS) and high-functioning autism (HFA) compared to healthy controls and adolescents with psychiatric disorders (PDs). Three groups of adolescents, aged 11-18, were assessed: 116 with AS/HFA (93 with IQ ≥ 85 and 20 ...
Chopra K - - 2012
Two glass-ceramic scaffolds with a simple cubic structure of 500 µm square ligaments and square channels of width 400 or 600 µm have been fabricated by gel-casting into moulds produced by stereolithography, followed by mould removal, polymer burnout and sintering. The scaffolds have crushing strengths of 41 ± 14 and 17 ± ...
Crouzet Olivier - - 2012
This study aimed to investigate the dose-response effects of an herbicide on soil photosynthetic microbial communities, particularly cyanobacteria, using a microcosm approach. Pure mesotrione (active ingredient), and Callisto (a commercial formulation of this triketone herbicide), were spread at different rates on soil microcosm surfaces. Soil Chlorophyll concentrations were quantified to ...
Wang Bin - - 2012
The presence of P2X7 on erythroid cells is well established, but its physiological role remains unclear. The current study aimed to determine if P2X7 activation induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation in murine erythroleukaemia (MEL) cells, a commonly used erythroid cell line. ATP induced ROS formation in a time- and ...
Kennedy Gerald L - - 2012
Dimethylacetamide (DMAC) and dimethylformamide (DMF) continue to be important, widely used solvents involved in a wide variety of industrial applications. As liquids with relatively low vapor pressures, contact with both the integumentary and respiratory systems is the main source of human exposure. Although airborne control levels for the workplace have ...
Harland Al - - 2012
Abstract AIM: To investigate the prevalence of titres to four endemic leptospiral serovars in dog sera from the lower half of the North Island, and the South Island of New Zealand submitted to diagnostic laboratories, and to explore the association between the prevalence of seropositive samples to leptospirosis and breed ...
Fujita Wataru - - 2012
We prepared single crystals of basic copper formate Cu(2) (OH)(3) HCO(2) (1) by hydrolysis of formate anions in an aqueous solution of copper formate. X-ray structure analysis showed that this material has a two-dimensional triangular lattice network with S=1/2. The temperature dependence of magnetic susceptibility revealed antiferromagnetic ordering at 5.4 K. ...
Bharadwaj Prashant - - 2012
A proline-rich peptide product prepared from bovine whey protein that was enriched in several hydrophobic amino acids including proline (whey proline-rich peptide, wPRP) was shown to modulate the folding pathway of human amyloid beta peptide 1-42 (Aβ42) into oligomers. Concentration-dependent changes in ThT-binding to Ab42 by wPRP indicated suppression of ...
Daeneke Torben - - 2012
The ideal driving force for dye regeneration is an important parameter for the design of efficient dye-sensitized solar cells. Here, nanosecond laser transient absorption spectroscopy is used to measure the rates of regeneration of 6 organic carbazole based dyes by nine ferrocene derivatives whose redox potentials vary by 0.85 V, ...
Léger Elsa - - 2012
Today, we are witnessing changes in the spatial distribution and abundance of many species, including ticks and their associated pathogens. Evidence that these changes are primarily due to climate change, habitat modifications, and the globalisation of human activities are accumulating. Changes in the distribution of ticks and their invasion into ...
Dilla Tatiana - - 2012
Background: Weight management is considered a key therapeutic strategy in type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, little is known about the impact of weight loss or body mass index (BMI) reduction on type 2 diabetes-related healthcare costs. Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the economic impact of change ...
Hisada Kunihiro - - 2012
Evidence indicates that the balance between osteoblastogenesis and adipogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is regulated by several hormones, growth factors, and their downstream signaling cascades. Previous studies suggest that retinoic acid (RA) plays a role in osteoblastogenesis and adipogenesis. However, it is unknown whether RA regulates commitment of MSCs ...
Ansiaux Christophe - - 2012
A series of UDP-galactitols were designed as analogues of high-energy intermediates of the UDP-galactopyranose mutase (UGM) catalyzed furanose/pyranose interconversion, an essential step of Mycobacterium tuberculosis cell wall biosynthesis. The final compounds structurally share the UDP and the galactitol substructures that were connected by four distinct electrophilic connections (epoxide, lactone and ...
Yagame Takahiro - - 2012
Mixotrophy, obtaining carbon by mycoheterotrophy and photosynthesis, has been suggested in Cephalanthera species (Orchidaceae) by analyses on stable isotopes of carbon. In this study, we examined the growth of Cephalanthera falcata in pot cultured tripartite symbioses with Thelephoraceae fungi and Quercus serrata. Mycorrhizal fungi were isolated from roots of C. ...
Allouche Fatma - - 2012
A convenient protocol for the multicomponent reaction (MCRs) between malononitrile with an orthoester and hydrazine derivatives, under acid catalyst is described. A series of aminocyanopyrazoles 4 was prepared, isolated and characterized. These pyrazoles reacted with sodium nitrite followed by secondary amine reagent and with formic acid to lead pyrazolotriazines 6 ...
Dicpinigaitis Peter V - - 2012
Cough is the most common complaint for which patients seek medical attention. Although most cases of acute cough, due to viral upper respiratory tract infection, are transient and self-limited, chronic cough often poses a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. A subgroup of patients suffering from chronic cough will elude a diagnosis ...
Strieth Sebastian - - 2012
The aim of this first-time-in-human non-randomized dose-escalating prospective phase I clinical trial was to analyze safety of two doses of fluorescent rhodamine-labeled cationic liposomes (LDF01) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Patients had resectable UICC stadium I-IV A HNSCCs. LDF01 was administered before tumor resection under general anesthesia ...
Matos Tatiana G F - - 2012
Paracoccidioidomycosis is a systemic human mycosis in Latin America caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, a dimorphic pathogenic fungus that lives as a mold in the environment and as yeast during infections of human lungs. In this work, we provide evidence that the inhibition of Hsp90 by geldanamycin (GDA) impairs the proliferation ...
Rogge-Renner Gladys D - - 2012
Araucaria angustifolia, the Brazilian pine, is an endangered native conifer with economic and ecological importance. The female cone develops seeds containing the zygotic embryo, which, at cotyledonary stage, shows well-developed meristems. Little is known about the structure of gymnosperm meristems. In the present work, the composition and morphological organization of ...
Juturu Veeresh - - 2012
β-xylosidase from thermophilic fungi Paecilomyces thermophila was functionally expressed in Pichia pastoris with a his tag in the C-terminal under the alcohol oxidase 1 (AOX1) promoter and secreted into the medium at 0.22 mg l(-1). Its molecular mass was estimated to be 52.3 kDa based on the SDS-PAGE analysis, which is 1.3 times ...
Köhler Jens - - 2012
We synthesized and investigated the NMDA and σ1 receptor affinity of enantiomerically pure 2 (2 phenyl-1,3 dioxan 4 yl)ethanamines 17 26. The primary amines (R,R) 18 20 with an axially oriented phenyl moiety in position 2 interacted with high enantioselectivity (eudismic ratios 70 130) and high affinity (Ki((R,R) 19) = ...
Bourget Dominique - - 2012
Spousal homicide perpetrators are much more likely to be men than women. Accordingly, little research has focused on delineating characteristics of women who have committed spousal homicide. A retrospective clinical review of coroners' files containing all cases of spousal homicide occurring in Quebec over a 20-year period was carried out. ...
Alessandro María S - - 2012
Carrot (Daucus carota L.) is a cool-season vegetable normally classified as a biennial species, requiring vernalization to induce flowering. Nevertheless, some cultivars adapted to warmer climates require less vernalization and can be classified as annual. Most modern carrot cultivars are hybrids which rely upon cytoplasmic male-sterility for commercial production. One ...
Situ Dongrong - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The 7th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) cancer staging manual incorporates tumor grade and location for staging pT2-3N0M0 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Patients with pT3N0M0, classified as stage IIa according to the 6th edition of the AJCC cancer staging manual, can now be classified as ...
Campbell Burton C Alexia - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Negative psychological outcomes occur frequently after stroke; however, there is uncertainty regarding the occurrence of anxiety disorders and anxiety symptoms after stroke. A systematic review of observational studies was conducted that assessed the frequency of anxiety in stroke patients using a diagnostic or screening tool. SUMMARY OF ...
Nogueira A - - 2012
Much effort has been devoted to understanding the function of extrafloral nectaries (EFNs) for ant-plant-herbivore interactions. However, the pattern of evolution of such structures throughout the history of plant lineages remains unexplored. In this study, we used empirical knowledge on plant defences mediated by ants as a theoretical framework to ...
Xue Dixi - - 2012
Sequential monitoring of efficacy and safety data has become a vital component of modern clinical trials. It affords companies the opportunity to stop studies early in cases when it appears as if the primary objective will not be achieved or when there is clear evidence that the primary objective has ...
Lacombe Thierry - - 2012
Inheritance of nuclear microsatellite markers (nSSR) has been proved to be a powerful tool to verify or uncover the parentage of grapevine cultivars. The aim of the present study was to undertake an extended parentage analysis using a large sample of Vitis vinifera cultivars held in the INRA "Domaine de ...
André Christelle Martine - - 2012
We evaluated the potential of apple to reduce inflammation. Phenolic compounds and triterpenes were analysed in 109 apple cultivars. Total phenolics ranged from 29 to 7882 µg g-1 of fresh weight (FW) in the flesh and from 733 to 4868 µg g-1 FW in the skin, with fla-vanols including epicatechin ...
Liu Yen-Wen - - 2012
A simple 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde (receptor ) serves as a selective chemosensor for Al(3+) based on chelation-enhanced fluorescence (CHEF). The receptor exhibited a high association constant with micromolar detection for Al(3+) in EtOH-H(2)O solution.
Lin C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pain is a major ailment that motivates individuals to look for treatment. Despite its enormous clinical relevance, very little is known about the factors that influence our preference of an analgesic (or pain-relieving treatment). The current study investigated the influence of the information regarding the probability and the magnitude ...
Ozanne Anneli G - - 2012
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare self-estimates of the physical, psychological, and general well-being of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and their next of kin with the assessment of the nurses and physician of these participants. Method: The well-being of 35 pairs of patients and their ...
Riihimäki Vesa - - 2012
Exposure to aluminum at work is widespread, and people are exposed to several species of aluminum, which differ markedly as to the kinetics and toxicity. Especially welding of aluminum is widely applied and continuously expanding. Inhalation of fine particles of sparsely soluble aluminum results in the retention of deposited particles ...
Martín Patricia Gálvez - - 2012
The development of new drugs using stem cells has become a clinic alternative for the treatment of different diseases such as Alzheimer's, diabetes and myocardial infarction. Similar to conventional medicines, stem cells as new medicinal products for cell therapy are subjected to current legislation concerning their manufacture process. Besides, their ...
Ahmad Mohammad Zaki - - 2012
The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the colon-targeted Irinotecan Hydrochloride (ITC-HCl) loaded microspheres by pharmacokinetic and biochemical studies. The microspheres were prepared by double emulsion solvent evaporation method with natural polymer Assam Bora rice starch. The microspheres were characterized for their micromeritics properties, incorporation efficiency, in vitro and ...
Sorkhabi Rana - - 2012
Corneal ulcer is a devastating corneal disease which is potentially sight-threatening and conventionally is treated by topical antibiotics and in some cases with more invasive procedures such as keratoplasty. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of corneal collagen cross-linking in resistant corneal ulcers. Ten patients with ...
Kim Hye Jin - - 2012
PURPOSE: Recently, a single-stapled technique (SST) was performed instead of the conventional double-stapled technique (DST) in laparoscopic low anterior resection for anastomosis, by placement of intracorporeal purse-string sutures on the distal rectum with transanal specimen extraction. This study aimed to compare the short-term outcomes between the two anastomotic techniques. METHODS: ...
Shimizu Seiichi - - 2012
A 76-year-old male was referred for the treatment of liver tumors detected by abdominal computed tomography (CT). Dynamic CT revealed a low-density tumor with an irregularly enhanced rim in the left lateral sector, and a highly enhanced, well-circumscribed tumor in the caudate lobe, accompanied by dilation of the intrahepatic biliary ...
Bizub Anne L - - 2012
Recovery from mental illness is a complex journey that is greatly facilitated when client and professional helper collaborate in the decision making process. It is further aided when the latter has an empathetic awareness of the client's experience, especially with regard to the impact of pharmacological treatment. The following article ...
Kinsella J A - - 2012
An important proportion of transient ischemic attack or ischemic stroke is attributable to moderate or severe (50-99%) atherosclerotic carotid stenosis or occlusion. Platelet biomarkers have the potential to improve our understanding of the pathogenesis of vascular events in this patient population. A detailed systematic review was performed to collate all ...
Krejci Marta - - 2013
Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) is a treatment option for patients with poor-risk chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Sequential use of chemotherapy and reduced-intensity conditioning has been proposed to improve the treatment outcomes. Fludarabine (30 mg/m(2)/day) and cytarabine (2 g/m(2)/day) for 4 days (combination of fludarabine with cytarabine; FAraC) were used for cytoreduction. After ...
Messner Isabelle - - 2013
Targeted therapies using the anti-EGFR antibodies panitumumab (Pmab) or cetuximab (Cmab) are currently restricted to patients with metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma whose tumours do not show a mutation in KRAS. However, recent retrospective studies indicated that patients with tumours mutated in codon 13 of KRAS may benefit from treatment with Cmab ...
Patil Seema A - - 2013
The three Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved anti-tumor necrosis factor drugs (anti-TNFs) for Crohn's disease (CD) have not been directly compared. To compare the efficacy of the three anti-TNFs for CD in clinical practice. Retrospective review of patients initiated on anti-TNF between 2004 and 2008. Disease activity, quality of life, ...
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