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Results 351 - 400 of 2524
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Rodrigues Anderson Messias - - 2012
Sporothrix schenckii sensu lato is a complex of thermally dimorphic species whose natural habitats are soil and plant materials. However, the traumatic implantation of the species into human skin is traditionally thought to be the route leading to the fungal disease sporotrichosis. The complex contains Sporotrhix mexicana, S. globosa, S. ...
Stenholm A - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Selective extraction of plant materials is advantageous for obtaining extracts enriched with desired constituents, thereby reducing the need for subsequent chromatography purification. Such compounds include three cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitory substances in Plantago major L. targeted in this investigation: α-linolenic acid (α-LNA) (18:3 ω-3) and the triterpenic acids ursolic acid ...
Brandao Katherine - - 2012
The physiological and clinical relevance of Mg(2+) has evolved over the last decades. The molecular identification of multiple Mg(2+) transporters (Acdp2, MagT1, Mrs2, Paracellin-1, SLC41A1, SLC41A2, TRPM6 and TRPM7) and their biophysical characterization in recent years has improved our understanding of Mg(2+) homeostasis regulation and has provided a basis for ...
Sanders J G - - 2012
Objective: This study aimed to identify the incidence of residual viable neck disease in patients with mucosal squamous cell carcinoma of the upper aero-digestive tract, following primary chemoradiation at a tertiary centre. Study design: Retrospective review. Methods: Retrospective chart review of patients treated with primary chemoradiation for squamous cell carcinoma ...
de Jong Ingrid G M - - 2012
Objective: To assess whether children/adolescents with unilateral congenital below elbow deficiency experience activity or participation limitations and how they deal with those limitations. Methods: A qualitative study using online focus group interviews was held with 42 children/adolescents (in 3 age groups: 8-12, 13-16, and 17-20 years), 17 parents and 19 ...
Kim Taeyong - - 2012
A strategy to fabricate nanostructured poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) films for organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells by a direct transfer method from a reusable soft replica mold is presented. The flexible polyfluoropolyether (PFPE) replica mold allows low-pressure and low- temperature process condition for the successful transfer of nanostructured P3HT films onto PEDOT/PSS-coated ITO ...
Bain C C - - 2012
Macrophages (mφ) are essential for intestinal homeostasis and the pathology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but it is unclear whether discrete mφ populations carry out these distinct functions or if resident mφ change during inflammation. We show here that most resident mφ in resting mouse colon express very high levels ...
Pedriali Alessandra - - 2012
Drugs of abuse and their human metabolites have been recently recognized as emerging environmental contaminants. Notwithstanding the fact that these kinds of compounds share some features with pharmaceuticals, their ecotoxicology has not yet been extensively investigated, although some of their characteristics may potentially threaten aquatic ecosystems. One of the most ...
Okamura Masaya - - 2012
Two new ruthenium(ii) complexes bearing dissociable protons, [Ru(trpy)(H(2)bim)Cl]PF(6) () and [Ru(trpy)(H(2)bim)(OH(2))](PF(6))(2) () (H(2)bim = 2,2'-biimidazole and trpy = 2,2':6',2''-terpyridine), were synthesized and characterized, where the H(2)bim and M-OH(2) moieties are expected to serve as proton-dissociation sites. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analyses revealed that the H(2)bim and M-OH(2) moieties act as ...
Al-Khaled Mohamed - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: According to the most recent definition of transient ischemic attack (TIA) and the recommendations of the American Heart Association, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is considered a mandatory tool in evaluating and treating patients with TIA. This study aims to determine the incidence of TIA-related acute ...
Jensen-Johansen M B - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of an expressive writing intervention (EWI) on cancer-related distress, depressive symptoms, and mood in women treated for early stage breast cancer. METHODS: A nationwide sample of 507 Danish women who had recently completed treatment for primary breast cancer were randomly assigned to three 20-min home-based ...
Ruark Christopher D - - 2012
Organophosphates are a group of pesticides and chemical warfare nerve agents that inhibit acetylcholinesterase, the enzyme responsible for hydrolysis of the excitatory neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Numerous structural variants exist for this chemical class, and data regarding their toxicity can be difficult to obtain in a timely fashion. At the same time, ...
Dejli J - - 2012
SUMMARY Strain characteristics of 51 Shigella sonnei isolates obtained from children seeking medical care (MC) and 48 isolates recovered during a prospective diarrhoea birth cohort (BC) study were compared. Biochemical characterization and antibiotic susceptibility testing determined that all S. sonnei isolates were biotype g and multidrug-resistant. Plasmid profiling identified 15 ...
Golmohammadi Rahim - - 2012
There have been conflicting reports regarding the role of ethanol in seizure. Another effect of ethanol is vascular damage in cerebral tissue. This study investigates the influence of ethanol on antiepileptic efficacy of valproic acid (VPA) and cerebral microvascular structure. In this study, four groups of mice (25-30 g) received pentylenetetrazole ...
Ohki Takashi - - 2012
Baculovirus infection of Sf9 cells at high densities, such as during mid- and late exponential phase, often results in a significant reduction of protein yield per cell, compared to the early exponential phase. Nutrient depletion has been considered as a major cause for the decreased protein yield. In this study, ...
Birtwistle Marc R - - 2012
The abundance of a particular protein varies both over time within a single mammalian cell and between cells of a genetically identical population. Here, we investigate the properties of such noisy protein expression in mammalian cells by combining theoretical and experimental approaches. The gamma distribution model is well-known to describe ...
Sawkey D - - 2012
Strategies for delivering radiation to a moving lesion each require a margin to compensate for uncertainties in treatment. These motion margins have been determined here by separating the total uncertainty into components. Probability density functions for the individual sources of uncertainty were calculated for ten motion traces obtained from the ...
Singendonk Maartje - - 2012
Although complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widely used in the pediatric population, research on the use of these therapies in the pediatric oncology population is of mixed quality. In this multicenter survey, we investigated the prevalence of CAM use, possible determinants of use, and parental attitude towards communication and ...
Hilder Matthias - - 2012
We describe for the first time the electrochemical co-deposition of composites based on a reactive base metal and graphene directly from a one-pot aqueous mixture containing graphene oxide and Zn(2+). In order to overcome stability issues the Zn(2+) concentration was kept below a critical threshold concentration, ensuring stable graphene oxide ...
Rawat R - - 2012
The transition and hysteresis widths of a disorder broadened first order magnetic transition vary in H-T space which influences the co-existing phase fraction at low temperature arising due to kinetic arrest of the first order transition. We explored the role of change in the relative width of the supercooling/superheating band ...
Kumar Krishan - - 2012
We have studied symmetric electron-electron and electron-hole bilayers to explore the stable homogeneous spin phase and the feasibility of inhomogeneous charge-/spin-density ground states. The former is resolved by comparing the ground-state energies in states of different spin polarizations, while the latter is resolved by searching for a divergence in the ...
Nualart Francisco - - 2012
Isoform 1 of the sodium-vitamin C co-transporter (SVCT1) is expressed in the apical membrane of proximal tubule epithelial cells in adult human and mouse kidneys. This study is aimed at analyzing the expression and function of SVCTs during kidney development. RT-PCR and immunohistochemical analyses revealed that SVCT1 expression is increased ...
Lekander Ingrid - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of TNF-inhibitors for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis in Swedish clinical practice, both as a first and second biological treatment, with or without the combination of conventional DMARDs. Further sub-group analysis of etanercept treatment was performed. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patient level data ...
Carballa Diego Mateo - - 2012
Structure-guided optimization was used to design new analogues of 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 bearing the main side chain at C12 and a shorter second hydroxylated chain at C17. The new compounds 5a-c were efficiently synthesized from ketone 9 (which is readily accessible from the Inhoffen-Lythgoe diol) with overall yields of 15%, 6% ...
Kim Henna - - 2012
Aminoglycosides bind to the influenza A virus promoter (vRNA) at submicromolar concentration. The complex structure between the vRNA and neomycin illustrates that binding of neomycin causes a conformational change which would affect further transcription processes. Thus, aminoglycosides represent lead compounds for the discovery of antiviral therapeutics against influenza A virus.
Liao Ying-Chih - - 2012
A simple and efficient method is developed to create conductive copper thin films on polymer surfaces. Instead of regular palladium colloid inks, micropatterns of silver nitrate inks, which serve as an activating agent for copper plating, were printed and dried on flexible plastic substrates. The printed plastic sheets were then ...
Qi Y - - 2012
Responding to various stimuli, some neurons either remain resting or can fire several distinct patterns of action potentials, such as spiking, bursting, subthreshold oscillations, and chaotic firing. In particular, Wilson's conductance-based neocortical neuron model, derived from the Hodgkin-Huxley model, is explored to understand underlying mechanisms of the firing patterns. Phase ...
Luckhoff M - - 2012
ACCESSIBLE SUMMARY: Research on trends in assaults and seclusion over time in developing countries such as South Africa is scant. Here, we assessed trends in assaults and seclusion, stratified by gender, at the acute admission wards in one psychiatric facility over a 5-year period. The results of this study show ...
de Ru Minke H - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) results in a defective breakdown of the glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) heparan sulfate and dermatan sulfate, which leads to a progressive disease. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) results in clearance of these GAGs from a range of tissues and can significantly ameliorate several symptoms. The biochemical efficacy ...
Reichel Christian - - 2012
Since its first publication in 2000, the isoelectric focusing (IEF) method of erythropoietin (EPO) used in doping control has been considered a procedure with relatively small sample number capacity. To overcome this limitation, a variation of the current protocol was evaluated, which uses double-sized gels with 48-120 wells plus three ...
Koea Jonathan B - - 2012
George Home was Fellow number 169 of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons. He was born in San Francisco in 1870, coming to New Zealand as an infant. He overcame the early death of his father to excel at school and graduate top of his class at the University of ...
Karanis Panagiotis - - 2012
The ubiquitous protozoa Toxoplasma gondii is now the subject of renewed interest, due to the spread of oocysts via water causing waterborne outbreaks of toxoplasmosis in different parts of the world. This overview discusses the different methods for detection of Toxoplasma in drinking and environmental water. It includes a combination ...
Velazquez Laura - - 2012
The development and function of blood cells are regulated by specific growth factors/cytokines and their receptors' signaling pathways. In this way, these factors influence cell survival, proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic cells. Central to this positive and/or negative control are the adaptor proteins. Since their identification 10 years ago, members of ...
Gupta Rahul - - 2012
Leukocytes are recruited at the site of infection or injury as a part of the innate immune system, and play a very critical role in fighting the invading microorganisms and/or healing wounds. Neutrophils are the most abundant leukocytes in healthy humans and are the principal cell types that arrive at ...
Ito K - - 2012
An assessment of abilities to function independently in daily life is an important clinical endpoint for all Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and caregivers. A mathematical model was developed to describe the natural history of change of the Functional Assessment Questionnaire (FAQ) from data obtained in normal elderly, mild cognitive impairment, ...
Kilicaslan Isa - - 2012
Ammi visnaga was used in Ancient Egypt as an herbal remedy for renal colic. "Khellin", a chemical obtained from Ammi visnaga, was used as a smooth muscle relaxant and has been thought to have pleiotropic effects on urolithiasis. We report a case with multiple ureteral stone passages possibly as a ...
Cózar José M - - 2012
Study Type - Therapy (practice pattern evaluation) Level of Evidence 2b What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Prostate cancer (PCa) accounts for 12% of newly diagnosed cases of cancer in Europe. It is one of the most frequently diagnosed tumours in the developed world. Since the ...
Hoang Danh-Tai - - 2012
In this paper we investigate the ground state and the nature of the transition from an orientational ordered phase at low temperature to the disordered state at high temperature in a molecular crystal. Our model is a Potts model which takes into account the exchange interaction J between nearest-neighbor molecules ...
Bernhardsdóttir J - - 2012
ACCESSIBLE SUMMARY: •  The purpose of this research was to assess psychological distress among university female students and identify their mental health service needs. •  Rates of elevated symptoms of depression and anxiety among university women students was 22.5% and 21.2%, respectively, which is similar to women of the same ...
Berlinck Roberto G S - - 2012
Covering: 2010 and 2011. Previous review: Nat. Prod. Rep., 2010, 27, 1871The chemistry and biology of organic natural guanidines are reviewed, including the isolation, structure determination, synthesis, biosynthesis and biological activities of alkaloids, non-ribosomal peptides, guanidine-bearing terpenes, polyketides and shikimic acid derivatives from natural sources.
Tatewaki Naoto - - 2012
Antioxidant biofactor (AOB) is one of the fermented grain food supplements commercially available in Japan and other countries. Herein, we investigated the effect of AOB on the UVC (254 nm) induced DNA damage in A549 cells. Both distilled water and MeOH extracts of AOB did not show any significant cell ...
Paschal R D - - 2012
Hypoprothrombinemia associated with a lupus anticoagulant (LA) was first reported in the literature over 50 years ago. The hypoprothrombinemia-lupus anticoagulant syndrome (HLAS) is a rare bleeding diathesis that has been associated with LAs in adult and paediatric patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and with transient LAs due to other causes. ...
Harris P - - 2012
Polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (poly I:C) is a synthetic analogue of double-stranded (ds)RNA, a molecular pattern associated with viral infections, that is used to exacerbate inflammation in lung injury models. Despite its frequent use, there are no detailed studies of the responses elicited by a single topical administration of poly I:C to ...
Rivas-San Vicente Mariana - - 2012
Sphingolipids play an important role in signal transduction pathways that regulate physiological functions and stress responses in eukaryotes. In plants, recent evidence suggests that their metabolic precursors, the long-chain bases (LCBs) act as bioactive molecules in the immune response. Interestingly, the virulence of two unrelated necrotrophic fungi, Fusarium verticillioides and ...
Miners A H - - 2012
A number of studies examining the cost effectiveness of haemophilia prophylaxis have been published, but they report a wide range of results. The aim of this study was to explain why the results from existing economic evaluations of prophylaxis with clotting factor vary so much and to suggest areas of ...
Njoki Peter N - - 2012
The alloy phase behavior of nanoparticle (NP) interfaces has been used to tailor asymmetric growth. Using either Au-Pd core-shell or Au-Au(x)Pd(1-x) core-alloy NP starting materials, the deposition of Ag resulted in asymmetric and symmetric growth respectively. The phase segregation of the interface was confirmed by TEM and electrocatalytic activity.
Pöllänen Sinikka - - 2012
Abstract The aim of this study is to examine how craft makers describe the meaning of craft as an activity in relation to their well-being. The study is based on an analysis of the written narratives of 92 textile craft makers aged 16 to 84. Based on the results, the ...
Lepage Kyle Q - - 2012
Inference of functional networks-representing the statistical associations between time series recorded from multiple sensors-has found important applications in neuroscience. However, networksexhibiting time-locked activity between physically independent elements can bias functional connectivity estimates employing passive measurements. Here, a perturbative and adaptive method of inferring network connectivity based on measurement and stimulation-so ...
Zhao Rui - - 2012
A Gram-negative, strictly aerobic, motile, short rod-shaped bacterium with peritrichous flagella, designated JYr12(T), was isolated from sediment of an amphioxus breeding zone in the coastal region of Qingdao, China. Strain JYr12(T) was found to grow optimally at 28 °C, at pH 7.0 and in the presence of 2-3 % (w/v) NaCl. The ...
Hasegawa Minoru - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To clarify those clinical characteristics dependent on patient age at onset of Japanese systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: A total of 329 SSc patients treated at Kanazawa University Hospital were enrolled in the study and subsequently categorized into four subgroups depending on age at SSc onset: childhood-onset, young-onset, normal age-onset, ...
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